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Vol. VIL 


No. 1. 

Nbwaju, May 10(b, 1858. 
The Society met in their ha!! in this city al 12 o'clock. The Proridtnt 
(Hon. JosBPn C. IIoimDLOvrzn, LL.P.) end the Yicc-Prcsidenbi (Hon. James 
Parker and Hon. James G. King) were present, and at the request of tb« 
Pn lent, Mr. Parker took tho Chair. 

After reading tho minutes of tho last mooting, the Corresponding Secre- 
tary mado a verbal report upon the correspondence «dco tho Ult meeting, 
and laid upon the tablo letters from the Rt Rev. Amxzo Porrra, D. D., 
-Bishop of Penn. ; Hon. James Savage, of Boston ; Hon. James L. Bates, 
of Columbus, 0. ; Rev. YTm. A. boo, of Princeton, »cd Kev. Joixk Lcdlow, 
I). D., of New Brunswick, acknowledging their election as members of tho 
Society ; from tho Rov. James Komktn, of New Brunswick, regretting Jfiat 
the infirmities of ago precluded his acceptance bf membership; from tho 
Historical Societies of Maine, Rhodo Island, Pennsylvania>and Connecticut, 
from tho American Philosophical Society and the Regents of tho New York 
University, acknowledging the receipt of the "Society's publications; from. 
Col. James D. Graham, U. S. A., Rev. E. [r7. Pcct, and Naval Lyceum, 
Brooklyn, transmitting donations for tho Library ; from R. Dolton, Jr., Esq., 
Messrs. Howard Edwards, of Phila., Ednard Armstrong, Isaac 8. Mulford, 
and other gentlemen, upon matters connected with the Society'* operations. 

Mr. W. stated o.ho that in confonnity wifi tho directions of tho Society, 
ho had mado tho necessary arrangements for obtaining copies of Governor 
Belcher's Tapers in tho Massachusetts historical Society Library, referring 
to his administration of the affairs o' Now Jersey ; which would probably 
bo ready for presentation at tho Sep*mber meeting. 

Ho also drew attention to a fat *miU of "A Mapp of Virginia diseourcd 
to yo Hills, and in its Latt i Frrfn 85 dog. and 1-4 necr Florid*, to 41 deg. : 
bounds' of Now England," wl'Vi had been obtained through Mr. Armstrong 
for tho Society, from tho or.fchia! in tho possesion of Mr. John Cadwalader 

■»«»7y«w"y'jwwfj['wt!'M i 'i 



of Philadelphia: tho only map known containing references to the patent 
of Lord Ploydon and his settlement of "New Albion." The date of the 
map is 1651. . ' : 

The Librarian announced the donations received mnce May, comprising 
25 bound volumes, .2£ pamphlets, and 7 miscellaneous articles. Among 
thorn, received from Mr, A. Cooley, of Belloville, was a memorial of days 
when very different opinions prevailed respecting many practices and 
courses now discountenanced,- in the shape of a " Manuscript Journal of tho 
Ship Catherino, Jasper Farmer, Commander, during a. voyage ('by God's 
Grace,') to and from the Coast of Africa, in 1782 and 1788, bringing to 
New York's cargo of 288 slaves." 

Prom tho Brooklyn Naval Asylum was received the original instrument of 
sumnder by the Proprietaries of tho powers of government to tho Crown 
in 17*2 — signed by those who at tho time were residing in tho Province — a 
valuable addition to tho original manuscripts of tho Society. 

Tho Treasurer (Mr. James Ross) reported a balance in the Treasury of 
|455 09. ,-- 

Dr. Penndjotos, from tho Committee on Publications, submitted tho f< •'- 
" -wing report :, \ • • ■ 

Tho Committee on Publications report that, in accordance with tho direc- 
tions of tho Society, an application has been made to the Common Council 
Of Nowark for permission to print tho early records of tho town, in a volumo 
corresponding with the " Collection's" of tho Society, and to form ono of tho 
scries ; and asking hr the co-operation of tho city in the undertaking. Tho 
petition was roforred to a Special Committee, which has not yet reported, 
but It is presumed that tho city authorities will not hesitato to countenance 
the intended publication, and thereby secure against mutilation or destruc- 
tion the valuable materials for history which those records contain. 

The Committee also report that since tho last meeting another number of 
the Periodical has been Issued, containing tho valuable papers of Dr. Oarna- 
Ban and Mr. Armstoono, ani bringing down the proceedings to tho present 
.time. As this number brings another volume (the sjxtb) \o a conclusion, it 
Beems to tho Committee an appropriate time to offer some remarks respect- 
ing the continuanco of tho publication. 

In January,. 1848, the Committee having reported that tho Periodical was 
Insufficiently supported, but fait Its continuance was desirable, it was 
; Jietohed, That tho Commltt* on Publications be authorized and directed 
to send a copy of our quartorly publication to each member of tho Society ; 
and that all such as do not return th, same shall be considered as subscri- 
bers to it V Vf i 

Under this resolution tho numbers} as they have aprjearod, have been 
gent to tho members. Many gentlemen, availing themselves of the privilege 
accorded to them, intimatod their wish not U be considered subscribers, by 

uxama vt wbwabx. 8 

promptly returning thorn. Others, neglecting to do so, have received the 
numbers regularly mailed to them, but after considerable time, on the pre- 
sentation of bills, have either resigned their membership or objected to pay- 
ing for the publication ; and others again, trusting to postmasters doing 
what was necessary in the premises, have refused to receive the numbers 
sent to them, which have consequently accumulated in the offices and prob- 
ably been sold as waste paper. Not long since, a large package was re- 
ceived by the Treasurer from one post office, containing the numbers of 
several members for two or three years back. 

Consequently the labor expended in the preparation of the publication, 
and the cost of printing and distributing, have, In a great measure, under 
this Bystem, been thrown away; and the number of those receiving and 
regularly paying for it being comparatively small, all the volumes, save the 
first and second, are considerably in arrears : whereas it was the intention 
of the Society that the publication should pay for itself, and the receipts 
and expenditures on account of it have, in consequence, never entered into 
the general accounts of the Socioty. Tho total amount due on the last four 
volumes, over the amount received from those taking them, is $400 — which 
Bum, however, would be moro than baltmcod were the copies on hand dis- 
posed of, and nearly so by tho receipt of arrearages alone. 

No student of history can heatitatc to pronoc - ■** the Periodical a valuable 
auxiliary to the Society. Many single papers ..ave appeared, which, in a 
Beparate pamphlet form, would each have been worth more than the price 
of a volume, and some of tho documents published, had they been offered 
for sale previously, would readily havo commanded more than the cost of 
the whole set As there is no reason to doubt its continuing to be the same 
useful vehiclo of 'materials for both local and general history, t^e Committer 
are anxious to have it issued henceforth in a different manner, and would 
Bubmit to the Society, as embodying their viewB, the following resolutions : 

Jietohed, That those members indebted to the Society for its Periodical, 
be earnealy requested to remit the amount of their arrearages "to the Treas- 
urer. ' \ ' 

Jietohed, That hereafter tho Periodical shall not be sent to any person 
unless previously paid for, and that resident paying members, not in arrears, 
and those that shall hereafter be elected, shall on the payment of their an- 
nual dues receive the numbers for tho year without charge ; and to such 
members, the back volumes, and to the Honorary, Corresponding, and Life 
Members, the future volumes, Bhall be furnished at their cost price. • 

Jietohed, That the Committeo on Publications bo authorized to direct 
such number of copies to bo printed, and to prescribe tho frequency of its 
publication, from time to time, as they* may deem advisable. 

Mr. Grr ford, from the Committee on Biographies, stated that a biographi- 
cal Bkctch of Capt Joseph CrowoU, of Woodbridge, an activo partisan dur- 
ing tho Revolution, had been received through the Rev. Dr. Murray. 

n •« 





" ' 



Hon. Jakes. G. Kino, from tho Committee on Colonial Documents, re- 
ported verbally' that no" intelligence had been received from -Mr. Stevens, 
the Society's agent in London, sinco the last meeting. His final report 
was still wanted, and ho had been written to on the subject. 

Mr. L. D. Baldwin, from the Committee on tho Fire Proof Building, 
stated that tho engagements of the different members of the Committco had 
prevented their attending to tho duty of collecting funds for tho proposed 
object, which had been delegated to them ; but, as the Committee wa3 origi- 
nally appointed merely to report on tho propriety and feasibility of the plan, 
a duty which they had performed, he thought it better that the collection of 
the funds should be assigned to a new Committee ; whereupon— 

Mr W. A. ■Whitehead presented the following resolution : 

Jietohed, That a Special Committee of seven be appointed by the Chair. 
for tho purposo of soliciting subscriptions from members and others through - 
out the State, towards a fund for the erection of a fire-proof building for tho 
occupancy of the Society. ' • 

Tho resolution, after some remarks from various members, was passed, 
and tho Chair appointed, as the Committee, non. James G. King, Hon. 
Mahlon Dickerson, Messrs. P. S. Duiryce Wm. Nelson Wood, Richard S. 
Field, Stacy G. Potts, and Rev. A. B. Puiorsoa 

Mr. Gifford submitted several monumental inscriptions which ho had ob- 
tained in different parts of tho State, with explanatory and illustrative ob- 
servations; which elicited remarks from Rev. Dr. Abecl, MessrsT A. 0. Za- 
briskio, P. S. Durycc, Judge Hornblower and others, upon the characters 
of, and incidents connected with, tho persons referred to. 
. Mr. Whitehead presented a list of tho names of persons interred in tho 
Cemetery of tho First Presbyterian Church, Elizabcthtown, prior to 1800, 
copied for the Society by Mr. Jatnos W. Woodruff. 

The performance of a similar duty by members residing in other towns of 
tho State, is particularly desired. 

' !>■--." . - » 

• The Nominating Committco reported in favor af ' the election of those gen- 
tlemen whoso nitmcs were referred to them at tho last meeting : who were 
then elected, and now nominations received. 

The Corresponding Secretary stated that ho had just received an anony- 
mous communication, which ho conceived of sufficient interest to warrant a 
suspension of tho regular business, for the purposo. of having it read. It 
was as follows : ■ . • . , , • 

• "Tho history,condition, and prospects of tho Indian tribes of the United 
States, is a subject deemed not unworthy the attention of tho government, 
and in tho collections published under tho direction of Dr. Schoolcraft, we 
havo much valuablcjnfurmation. But neither theso volumes nor any other 
I'iat have been consulted ancient or modern, mention incidentally Or other' 

• MM 


wise, the mysterious, highly esteemed, and much desired article ! cooks of 

. "In the first volume of the Collections of the New Jersey Historical Society, 
it ifl stated, that on July 4, 1668, which was two years after tho purchase 
of Newark, "all the meadows and upland lying south of a line dniwh from 
the Hackensack to the Passaic, seven miles north from their intersection, 
comprising 5808 acres of upland, and 10,000 of meadow were granted to 
Capt. Win. Sandford, for £20- sterling per annum forever, in lieu 'of the half- 
penny per acre; and on the 20th of tho samo month, Capt. Sandford purchased 
the Indian title for 170 fathoms of black wampum, 200 .fathoms of white 
wampum, 19 match coates, 16 guns, 60 double hands of powder, 10 pair of 
breetches, 60 knaves, 67 bare of lead, 1 ajJter of, brandy,- 8 half fits of beer, 
11 blankets, 80 axes, twenty howca, and 2 cooks of dozens." The question 
is, what were these cooks of dozens, which ministered to the necessities or 
added to the beauty of the ancient inhabitants of the banks of the Passaic, 
and Hackensack, for which they were willing to exchange their lands and 
the graves of their ancestors. 

"One writer says of the Indian natives of Now Jersey, that they lived ( 
chiefly on maize, roasted in tho ashes, sometimes beaten and boiled with 
water, and called hommony. They also made an agreeable cake of the 
pounded corn, and raised beans and peas, but the woods and rivers afforded 
the chief of their provisions, and as they had learned to live upon h'tfle, they 
seldom expected or wanted to lay up much. : The women's business chiefly 
consisted in planting Indian corn, parching or roasting it, pounding it to' 
meal in mortars, or breaking it between stones, making bread and dressing 
victuals." Another writer say : " Their spits are no other than cloven sticks, 
sharpened at one end to thrust into the ground; Into" these cloven sticks 
they thrust the flesh or fish they would havo roasted, behemmiog a round 
fire with a dozen of spits at a time, turning them as they see occasions. 1 * 
This then, was their cooking, the women were their cooks, and they proba- 
bly had cooks by the dozen, and cooks for a dozen, if not cooks of dozens ; 
and it is only by supposing their cooks to have been on a strike, that we can 
account for two cooks of dozens bringing up the rear, and being laid on 
the pile of powder, lead, match coats, axes, 4c . 

"Capt. Robert Treat says, that in 1666, when the first settlers of Newark 
came into the river, they were met by tho Hackensack Indians, the sano 
probably who sold to Capt, Saqdford, who would not permit them to remain, 
as they had not paid for their lands. By. the advice and with tho consent of 
Gov. Carteret, they, treated with tho Indians, and. in the perfected deed of 
-sale made in 1667, by the. immortal Wekagrokikan, Qachnaque, Hansh, and 
other Indians of the one part, And five of the sleepers of the old cemetery 
hard by the Historical Society room, for themselves, and (heir associates en 
the other, we find cooks of dozens mentioned, but in other words, and 
twelve of them. The fact appears to be that the grown up children of tb^e 
forest two hundred years ago, like their pale-faced successors of tho present 










day, coveted something more splendid in their fondness for finery, than the 
coats of the boars and the wolves. The original record has it ' coats of 

"Here wo meet with another difficulty, and have to enquire whero these 
"V- coats of dragons were to be procured, or how obtained. 

' "An old writer in 1671, describes a veritable unicorn as among the animals 
in the vicinity of New York, and wo have his likeness, tail, hoofs, and horn. 
/-■Another, a rhymer, mentions • 

' The kingly Iron and the strong-armed bear, 

.The large-limbed moose*, and the tripping deer, 
Clock glittering otters, and rich-coated bearer, 
The sweet-scented mosqash, smelling ever.' 

i Wood, in New England's Prospect, published 1639, however 
existence of dragons. Ho 'says, 'Concerning lyons, I will not 

hints at the 

say that I ever saw any myself, but some affirm that they bavo seen a lyon 
at Cape Ann, which- is not above six leagues from Boston; some likewise, 
being lost in woods, have heard such terrible roarings as havo made them 
much a hast, which must bo either devils or lyons! 1 

" I or ' cooks of dozens' we should read coats of dragoons. Twelve trooper's 
coats, besides the ankers of liquors or something equivalent, and other arti- 
cles were to be delivered to the natives from whom Newark was purchased. 
In reconXjbg the Barbadocs Neck purchase, a slight mistake was made in 
the proprietor's exemplified copy, which is more amusing than serious. 
That justice 'may be dono to all parties, Capt Sandford and the Indians be 
relieved from the suspicion of trafficking in cooks by the dozen, it would bo 
well In the next edition of tho first volumo of the New Jersey Historical 
Society's Collections, to read for 'cooks of dozens,' coats of dragoons.' 
All of which is respectfully submitted to the Committee on Publications, and 
whom it may concern. 

"Pierwi*, ye 

" To the Cor. SecJN. J. Hist, Soc. ' Sachem of Pau." 

v. - ' ' ■ "'• 

Mr. Whitehead said, that although satisfied that there must havo been 
some clerical error in the transcription of tho words referred to, ho had been 
for Borne time in doubt, as to the proper rendering of the last word, but 
"cooks" were Boon understood to have been originally coats. He did not 
agree however, with the writer, of the communication,' in transforming 
"dozens" into dragoons, but thought a kind of cloth called "duffels" was 
intended, " two coats of duffels" being erroneously transcribed two coois of 
detent. ' ' ■ . > 

Mr. Zabrisxie coincided with Mr. W., as he had some old deeds in his 
possession in which both "duffel coats'' and "pieces of duffel" were speci- 
fied. ■' t 

The selection of tho place at which to hold tho September meeting coming 
up, it was on motion of Jcdoe Hornblower, 




Ketolud, That the September meeting of the Society bo held on such 
day in that month, and at such place as tho Executive Committee may 

Mr. David A. Hayes presented to the Society— 

"Magica de Spcctris et Apparitionis Spiritus, De Vaticinus Divinationiua, 
4c,' Lcod: Batavorvm apud Franciscum Hackium, Ao 1656 j" and 
" Tho Works of Wm. Prynnc," Banister, 4c London. 1648. 

Rev. R. K. Rodoebs presented— 

"A new and full Critical, Biographical and Geographical History of Scot- 
land, containing / WHistory of tho Succession of their Kings, from Robert 
Bruce to tho Present Time, 4c, by an Impartial Hand."- London. 1749. 
1 vol. folio. 

Rev. Dr. Abeel presented— 

A Manuscript referring to events in the History of Trinity Church, New- 
ark, in 1803-4. 

Dr. Lewis Cosdict presented— 
i— J^. copy of Dr. Miller's Sermon on the death of General Washington; and 
The Trial of Thomas Cooper, of Northumberland, Penn., on a charge of 
Libel against the President of tho United States, (John Adams,) in April, 

' ' A paper by the Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, cf Rcckaway, being a very btcr 
csting memoir of General William Winds, of tho Revolution-a renowned 
patriot of Morris County, was then read by Rev. Samuel L. Tuttle; the 
author being prevented from attending, by his duties as a delegate to tho 
General Assembly at Buffalo. 
On motion, it was _ 

Kesohed, That the thanks of the Society be presented to the Rev. Joseph 
F. Tuttle, for his highly entertaining memoir, and that he be requested to 
placo a copy at the disposal of the Society. 

Richard's. Field, Esq., in behald of James S. Green, Esq., of PrincetoD, 
who was detained at home, read a memoir of Rev. Ashbel Green, D. D., 
formerly President of Princeton College, 4c, for which, on motion of Judge 
Hornblowcr, thanks we're returned, and the Society then adjourned, and 
subsequently sat down to an excellent dinner at tho City HoteL 
! • ' : 



I I 




StMms. ta_ t\t tasjjritiw* aito Japs 

Laid before the Socirrr, Mat 19td, 1863. 

From Comtposdlns Becrttary of Ntnl Avion, Brooklyn. 

Naval Lyceum, TJ. S. Navt Yard, ) 
; New York, January 6th, 1853. J . 

QtimntES — At a meeting of the Naval Lyceum, held in our Museum Sa- 
loon at the Nar; Yard on this station, on the 1st of November, 1852, it was 
resolved to present' to the Historical Society of New Jersey, an ancient 
document, formerly presented to this Lyceum by Lieut Boggs, of the navy, 
and now in the cabinet of this Society, and purporting to be the surrender 
of the powers of government by the Proprietors of East New Jersey to 
King William III Of Great Britain. ' r l>; " - ' 

! In adopting this resolution, the Lyceum felt, that while placing this valu- 
able historical document in more appropriate hands "hey were at the same 
time fostering a spirit of harmony and interchange with a sister association, 
and that such relations, while most cordial with us, might probably bo 
equally useful and agreeable to both Societies. • 

I remain, gentlemen, respectfully, 
f ; Your most obedient servant, 

• Surgeon U. S. K, and Cor, See. of Naval Lyceum. 
To Tux President and Members ) 
or the Hist. Soc. orN. J; J 

. Irom Ho«. J»m«i PiTagt. 

Boston, January 29th, 1858.. 
. 8m— Three days since I receive your favor of 24th'current, informing me 
of my' election as air honorary 'member of your New Jersey Historical Soci- 
ety, with a copy of the Constituti'on^ahd By-Laws. My regard for the glo- 
rious State in which has passed the agony of our revolutionary conflict, makes 
me very grateful for this distinction ; and gladly will I pursue all opportu- 
nities of elucidating the earlier annals of your colonial condition that so 
closely allied you to New England. 

With great regard, dear air, . 
_ I am your obliged, 

Wm. A. Whitehead, Esq., Newark. JAS. S AVAGE. 

*** fr j«».iimnu.iU BCTi 


from Rt. Ret. Alooio PotUr, D, D., BUbop of Pchd j1t»eI». 

Philadelphia, Feb. 6th, 1853. 
Mr Dear Sm— On my return to-day from an absence of some weeks, I . 
find your kind letter announcing that the Historical Society of New Jersey • 
have done me the honor to elect me one of their non-resident members. I 
beg you to express to the Society my grateful sense of the distinction which 
they have conferred upon me, and my assurance that so far as other and 
engrossing occupations will permit, I shall take great pleasure in co-operating 
with them in their laudable labors. '.' 

I am, dear sir, very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

Wm. A. Whitehead, Esq., Cor. Sec, Ac. 

- ^ From Rct. Jimci Romtjn, D. D. 

New BsraswicK, April 4th, 1853. 
Dear Sia-r-Your letter announcing my election as a resident member of 
the New Jersey Historical Society came duly to hand. My delay in reply- 
ing arose in the first instance from having mislaid your communication with 
the accompanying pampHet, and subsequently from my complicated and 
increasing infirmities. In the days of my vigor and health, I would have 
rejoiced in the opportunity of active and efficient co-operation in a cause so 
honorable and useful, but under present circumstances I am compelled most 
respectfully to decline acceptance. God, in His wise and sovereign provi- 
dence, is gradually loosing the cords which have hitherto bound me to the 
multiplied relations of official life. The shadows of the evening are growing 
thicker around me. My situation calls for reflection and retirement, and it 
would to my own feelings, and in the common estimate, seem very like an 
incongruity to assume new responsibilities and engagements, I trust there- 
fore that I will be excused. Present, my cordial respects to the gentleman 
who have been so kind as to count me worthy of this token of their regard, 
and accept for yourself assurances of respect 

From your obliged servant and friend, 

Wm. A. Whitehead, Esq., Cor. Sec. 4c 


from OoL Jtmti D. Grobvn, U. 8. A. 

Washikotos, April, 19th, 1858. ' 
Mr Dear Sm— I beg leave to present, through you, to the Historical So- 
ciety of New Jersey, for its library, the accompanying copy of my report on 
the Mexican Boundary, being Senate] Doc No. 121, 8 2d Congress, 1st Ses- 
sion. I would respectfully call the attention of the Society to the Barome- 
tric Profile of the route I traveled from Indianola, on the Gulf of Mexico, to 

._,..._ .,..-,-.-- -. ,.,-,-.-•- v • 1 -;~-T" 





tho back bono of the Sierra Madre, near the Gila River, appended to this 
ronort It Bhows clearly that the physical obstacles, for a great railroad 
across the American Continent, by way of the Paso del Norte, are far less 
than would bo encountered, or that have been encountered by any lino of 
railway within the United States of equal distance. - 

I have also transmitted to you, for tho library of the Society, the Debates 
Congress, and the Report of tho Committee of Foreign Relations of tho 
Senate, upon this boundary question, which I beg you will do mo the favor 
to present for its reading rooms. 

I remain very sincerely yours, &c, 

.3. D. GRAHAM. 

Wm- A. .Whitehead, Esq., &c, Newark, N. J. . 

/■■'. ; ^nations, . ., . 

Announced Mat 19m, 1853. 

From the Amer. Phil Society— Proceedings of tho American Philosophi- 
cal Society. Vol." 6. Fobruary— December, 1852. No. 48. 

From the Regents of the University of the State of New Fori— Laws of 
the State of New York, passed at tho 7S»h session of the Legislature,- 
A.D.1852. ■:■■ x ' 

Documents of tho Senate and of the Assembly of the Stato. of New 

■ York, 75th session, 1862. 

Sixth Annual Roport of the Regents of tho University on tho condi- 
tion of tho State Cabincnt of Natural History, &c. 

Annual Report of the Trustees of the Stato Library, transmitted to tho 
Legislature of New York, Feb. 13, 1853. 
From Eon. J. W. Miller— The' Congressional Globe; containing tho De- 
bates, Proceedings and Laws of tho First Session 82d Congress. 

Appendix to the Congressional Globe, First Session 82d Congress, con- 
taining Spoochcs and important State Papers, New Series — Vol. xxv. 
From Eon. Oeo. \ET. Brown — Report of a Geological Survey of Wisconsin, 

■ Iowa and Minnesota ; by David Dale. Owen, United States Geologist 
From the Publisher — A Sermon, by Nchonuah Adams, D. D., Pastor of tho 

. Essex street Church, Boston. Preached October 81, 1852— the Sabbath 
after the Interment of the Hon. Daniel Webster. ■, 
From the Mode Island Eistorical Society— The Spirit of Rhode Island 




History : A Discourse delivered before the R L Hist. Society. By Hon. 

Samuel Greene Arnold, Lieut Gov, of R. L 
From the Young Men's Mercantile Library Association, Cincinnati, Ohio 

— Tho Directors' Eighteenth Annual Report, 
From the Smithsonian Institution — Report on Recent Improvements in tho 

Chemical Arts. 
From the Navyi Department — Navy Register of the United States for the 

year 1853. . \ 
From E. N. Miller — A Queen Anne's shilling, of tho year 1711. 
Frorn John W. Barber— Historical Collections of the State of New Jersey, 

relating to its History and Antiquities. By J. W. Barber and Henry 

Howe. 2d edition. 
From George E. Bruen — Tho Political Magazine, or & .Complete Annual 
• - Register of Political, Naval and Military Transactions, for tho year 1781. 

London. | 
From the Author — History of the State of New York, by John Romeyn 
- Brodhcad. First period; 1609 — 1664. 

From Samuel 0. Drake, Esq.— Tho New England Historical and Genealo- 
gical Register, and Antiquarian Journal. No. 2 — vol vii. 
From the Author— The Report of Lieut Col. Graham, on tho sub ( *t of the 

Boundary Line betwoen the United States and Mexico. 
Speech of Hon. V. E. Howard, on the Mexican Boundary, Ac. 
From B. B. Douglass— -The Now York Gazette, for December 16th, 1765. 

No. 846. 
From Rev. Edward W. Beet — A General Map of North America, in which 
- is expressed the several new roads, fortS; engagements, 4c, drawn from 

actual surveys and observations made in tho Army employed there, from 

1754 to 176L By John Rocque, Topographer. 
From Isaac A. Vooley — Manuscript Journal of tho ship Catharine, Jasper 

Farmer, Commander, during a Voyage to and from the Coast of, Africa, 

in 1782 and 1738, (" by-God's Grace") bringing to New York a Cargo of 

288 Slaves. 
From the Author — Remarks on a re-print of tho Original Letters from 

Washington to Joseph Reed, during tho American Revolution. By Jared 
■ Sparks. 

From Bev. J. F. Schroeder, D. D. — Seventh Annual Roport of tho Ameri- 
can Institute, of tho city of New York ; mado to the Legislature, March 
* 29th, 1849. 
_: Transactions of tho Now York State Agricultural Society, with an Ab- 
stract of the Proceedings of the County Agricultural Societies. VoL viii. 

From the Author— Tho Canon of Holy Scripture ; with remarks upon King 

James' version, tho Latin Vulgate, and Douay Bible. By Matthew H. 

Henderson, M A. 
From the Commissioner of Indian Affairs — Information respecting tho 









History, Condition and Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United 
States; collected and prepared by H. R. Schoolcraft, L.L, D. Part HI. 
From Lieut. Charles L. Boggt, XT. S. Navy, -{through Brooklyn Natal 
A*ylwn.y- Surrender of the powers of government of the Proprietors of 
East New Jersey to King William IIL 

Strata* tilectd 

• MAY 19th, 1853. 

— . — . Belleisle, 
Rev. Henry 0. Bush, 
C. C. Havens. 









May 10(h, 1833. 

'I ' 

wmmmmaHG&mmaummm**^*"— "***'- 

fe ffiMm Whte. 



H ! 

1 •• i 

Mccn of tho early history of Morris County is lost beyond recovery, and 
with it tho "character and deeds of many who figured largely in that history 
have faded from the memory of man. In gathering the materials for thi3 
paper, mj mind bw» been agitated with regret that 80 little can now be 
known concerning tho men and tho events connected even With our Revolu- 
tion, and with indignation at tho criminal negligence which has permitted 
tho loss. By way of extenuation it may be said, however, that Morri3 
County was settled by a plain and unpretending people, who cared but lit- 
tle for the honors of ancestry, and who judged that posterity* would be able 
to care for themselves. " Marked by great integrity of character, and real for 
the cause of religion, honored with a competence which their simple habits 
converted into abundance, and little thinking that posterity would look back 
so far into the past with a real desire to know its history, they kept but few 
records to which wo may now refer, and these generally pertaining to the 
titles of their lands, and tho common transactions of their churches. As 
for any extended records of men distinguished among them as civilians, 
jurists, or patriots, or of tho origin, progress and success of any expeditions 
in defence of their rights as a community, or in aid of tho country at large, 
there are scarcely any in existence. It is certainly not a little strange, that 
a county, the patriotism of which furnished many men and large supplies 
to our army during the war for Independence, and which was twice honored 
as containing tho winter-quarters of the American army, a county which 
was tho theater of bold exploits, and tho anxious consultations of Washing' 







■ 1 


ton and tho great men who constantly attended hiva', should bo able to fur- 
nish so few authentic materials for history. Tho last of her Revolutionary 
Boldiers, through whom we aro able to embracb the patriots of 1776, are 
only Just departing, and yet when we attempt even a meagre history of the 
county, or of any prominent individual in it, wo are compelled to resort to 

""unwritten traditions of tho ciders," with the full knowledge of their prob- 
ablo uncertainties and exaggerations. But it is too late to enter complaints, 
Binco thoy cannot now bo redressed. Tho fathers of Morris County aro 
dead, and although wo much regret that they left so littlo from which their 
children might construct a fitting memorial to their virtues as citizons, and 
as patriots, we can only say, " Peace to their ashes." 

When tho Revolutionary war began, tho peoplo of Morris County goner- 
ally sympathized with it, and in proportion to their means, did as much to 
sustain it as any other soction of tho Stato. Here, as elsowhcre, there wcro 
Tories who Bhowed their hostility to tho Patriots by deeds of violence and 

"robbery, which wcro sometimes even marked with bloodshed; but tho 
masses of tho peoplo, tracing their ancestral lines back to New England, 
wcro thrilled with a patriotism which scrupled at no sacrifice for an end es- 
teemed so desirable. In many cases, all tho male members of the family 
old enough to carry a musket wore enrolled cither in the regular nrmy or 
among tho " minuto men." , Tho mothers, tho wives and the daughters 
tilled tho soil, whilo their sons, husbands and futhcrs contended with "the 
enemy. Ono woman was urged to get a " protection" from the British, and 
she asked, "Would it bo right or womanly for mo to secure a protection 
from tho British, when I havo a husband, a father, and five brothers fight- 
ing the British ? I think not, and therefore I will not do it." For the safety 
of her family sho wa3 urged to that course, but with tho magnanimity of a 
Spartan and tho faith of a Christian, sho replied, " I will not get a 'protec- 
tion' from tho British: if tho God of battles will not tako care of us, then 
wo will faro with tho rest!" She was not alone in her resolve. Morris 
County could boast of hundreds of women who would endure any hardship 
and encountor any danger, rather' than sanction by a word the presenco of 
an invader, and "tho importinoncc of a foe. 

As for tho men, tho first alarm sent them to tho rescue, leaving tho plough 
and reaping-hook to tho women, whilst they should repel tho enemy. Ono 
man was stacking his grain when ho heard tho sound of tho alarm cannon 
booming oyer,tho 111113..' In an instant, ho sprang down with tho oxclam- 

' ation, "I can't stand this!" seized his gun and hurried to Morristown. 
Tho KltchoUjJtho Condicts, tho Beaches, tho Dickinsons, tho IIowolls, tho 
Dellarta, tho Jacksons, tho Tuttlos, and other clans of like stuff", throw them- 
selves with animation into tho contest, to share its dangers and glories. 

Many, if not all tho townships in tho county, forrncd patriotic associations, 
both to guard against tories and to further the general interests of tho 
American cause, . Tho original paper signed by ono hundred and scventy- 
soven citizens of " Pcqwuioc" township, is among tho curiosities to bo seon 
in tho Library of this Society. •£ his township embraced the present town- 



ship of Rockaway, and tho articlo itself whlrh wn = j~~*a l k 
habitants of tho town, may stand a^Tn index toZ fS n « wL^° "^i 
tho County. « The Association of mu i » , *" hich P^dod 

adoptod.the following X" ° f ^ to Pc< * uan «* «>™Wp «* 1776," 

cialCo C n ^ ,ngt0th0R T ,Uti0n9 ° f th0 nforcsaid Continental and Provin 
cial Congresses, wo aro firm v determine K - „n ~„ • *" 

To tho honor of tho Morris County' yeomanry let it bo said that the Brit 

JfaT£ T f 7 1 * m ° mCnVa Wttmln « t0 fl ^ * ^ "™* of their 
fiSS&i S ' T Bom \*y°™^s b»ve told me that, on th 


the Provincial Congress ; he preached and prayed in behalf of our armies ; 
and although ho did not join the army at Springfield in 1780, ho was pres- 
ent to encourago his countrymen in their resistance- to the enemy. Tho 
mothers and tho ministers, tho mon and tho muskets, tho powder and tho 
pulpits of Morris County all were pledged to encourago and aid her sol- 
diers in tho general causo of freedom, Her Whig' Associations contained 
tho bono and 6inew of her independent yeoman, and hor Vigilanco Com- 
mittees kept so sharp a look-out for treason at homo,' that toryism could do 
little more than show its a few violent and .bloody acta Her soil 
was tho homo and tho hospital of American soldiers, and was consecrated 
by the frequent presenco of Washington. .Her grain fields, her herds and 
flocks, afforded food to tho patriots of (ho- onny, and her iron mines fur- 
nished cannon-balls with which to fight tho enemy. In such men as Lord 
Stirling of Baskingridge, and General Winds of Hockaway, Colonel Dayton 
of Succasunna, Captain Dellart and Bcnoui Hathaway of Morristown, 
Aaron KitchelJ William Tuttlo and Samuel Beach of Hanover, were found 
competent leaders for every emergency, and tho people stood, ready to go 
whero they might lead. The causo of American independence was eminently 
a popular causo in Morris County, to which tho rich and the pdor, tho old 
and tho young, tillers of tho soil and makers of iron, all pledged themselves 
with admirablo enthusiasm. In that day there were not tho. most liberal 
means of education, btit.all tho men and some of tho women had been edu- 
cated to tho use of fire-anus, and whilst their Whig Associations numbered 
many who signed tho pledges of freedom by making their "mark," all of 
them knew how to wing tho fatal bullet to another kind of marl; even tho 
heart of any enemy to tho sacred cause they had espoused. 

Among the patriots of Morris County, we must assign a prominent posi- 
tion, to William Winds, of Hockaway. liy wealth ns fc landholder, and by 
natural gifts, ho was'n leader of tho people.' It cannot bo too much regret- 
ted that tho history of such a man should havo been left unwritten, and thu3 
at tho mercy of limb. His namo will novcr be forgotten, and tho numerous 
anecdotes CQncoming him will bo handed down from generation to genera- 
tion. Ho will bo ft favorito hero of local tradition for ages to come; but 
tradition makes sad work with tho finor elements of history, retaining and 
retailing ns it docs only tho disconnected anecdotes which arc calculated to 
gratify tho popular tosto for something, striking. Tho popular memory is 
very strong in its impressions concerning men ; but connected narratives 
made of facts are as fleeting as tracks on tho sea-shore. It will bo the ob- 
ject of this paper to gather- up, so far us possible, what remains of General 
Winds's history; and in doing this, it will bo proper also to delineate tho man 
as ho lives in tho traditions pf Morris County. : . 

William Winds was born in Southhold, Long Island, in the year 1727 or 8. 
Tho Hon. Mai Jon Dickerson informs me that a few years since he 8aw the 
house in which Winds was born ; but so careless or ignorant aro thoso who 
ought to know these things, that I am only ablo to guess the year of his 
birth from tho record on his monument that he died •'October 12th, 1789, 

<rt.w u « » wii m w ij i .j. i ..iih. . i , , . . — n 


in tho C2d year of his ago." ) From " a list of tho names of old and young, 
Christians and heathens, Freemen and servants, white and black, Ac. lnhab- 
ittclngo within tho Townsbipp of Southhold," it would appear that the Winds 
family, early in tho last century, was quito numerous. (Documentary Hitt . 
New York, vol. i, p. 463.) William removed to Now Jersey when ho was 
a young man, and purchased a part of tho Burroughs tract of land, on 
" Pigeon Hill." After improving scvoral acres of his purchase, he ascer- 
tained that the title, under "which ho hold it, was not roliable, and with a 
frank statement of tho facf ho sold his right, giving a quit-claim deed. He 
then bought a largo tract of land only a short distance from tho village of 
Dover. . Hero ho resided until his death. Tho barn which ho^bullt is still 
standing, and tho foundations of his houso aro yet to bo seen. "^Hq sold from 
his original purchaso sovcral farms, retaining for his own uso what is still 
known as " the Winds farm." For these facta I am indebted to Jacob Lo- 
scy, Esq., a very aged man, who is still living. 

His wealth as a landholder, and his natural force of character, gave 
Winds great influence in tho community, at a time when tho savages yet 
infested New .Jersey, and the whole country was agitated with tho contest 
between England and France. At such a period a leader, who might bo 
looked up to for counsel, would be in great demand. Besides this, Winds 
was so chh alric in his bravery, and so decided in his views, and withal 
thero was in him Buch a blending of couragb with great physical powers, 
that his fellow-citizens naturally turned to him in times whero ordinary 
gifts wero insufficient to meet the emergencies which wero constantly arising. 

In conversing with an aged nativo of Rockaway, I was informed by her 
of a tradition which had been currently reported ever sinco sho was a child, 
which seems worthy of boine; sifted, as sho was twenty-three years old when 
Gen. Winds died, and sho had lived a neighbor to him all that time. Her 
father, Deacon John Clarke, was intimato with Winds, and in this way sho 
recmed tho story. 

As Mrs. Anderson related tho tradition,* it was without dates or places.- 
In tho old French war a brigado was raised in New Jersoy to aid; in tho con- 
quest of Canada, and in this brigade Wind&was commissioned as an officer. 
On their march, a great way north of Albany, tho New Jersey troops wero 
exposed to tho enemy, and whilst being attacked wero forbidden by their 
own commander to flro ogain, or offer any resistance. Winds, although a 
subordinate, ran up to tho general officer, and remonstrated with him, but 
ho drew his sword on him. The warm-blooded Winds seconded by the en- 
raged troops mado such an answer to this, that tho commander put spur to 
his horse and fled for his life. ' Winds now assumed the command, and 
brought off tho troops with honor. 

Such is tho statement of an old lady, who retained tho cheerfulness and 

* There U to much lh»l It Improbable In IhU tradition, thit the Committee on Publication* are 
unwitting- to allow It to printed under their direction wlthoot llatlnc their belief that It li Dot la 
any way cosnrmtd bj conlcmporaneou record*. 








vivacity of youth, until sho nearly attained ninety years of age. In con- 
sulting Mr. Loscy, tho nged man already alluded to, I ascertained that a 
battallion was raised in Now Jersey in 1758, the term of enlistment being 
for one year, and Winds received a royal commission in this battallion as a 
'major, but Mr. Losoy is mistaken in tho rank ho assigns Winds at that pe- 
riod tfneo in tho Records of the Presbyterian Parish of Bockaway on Jan. 
29th, 1771, bo is called Captain Winds, and his name as. Major Winds is 
not given until tho record of April 20th, 1778. , He Was a captain in that 
war. The narao of tho delinquent commander ho is not able to state, nor 
tho placo at which tho sccno described by Mrs. Anderson occurred, but he 
has no doubt that Eomo Buch incident did occur, was a common talk 
when ho was a young man. Ho was acquainted with Winds, having lived 
several years in his neighborhood. In comparing his version of this inci- 
dent with that of my other informant, I find a very great correspondence 
between tho testimony of tho two witnesses, but Mr. Losey further states 
| that Winds was not present at tho' capturo of Quebec by Wolfe, in 1759, 
1 tho term for which tho New Jersey troops wcro enlisted having expired. 
. Yet Winds was present in many skirmishes, and assisted in taking many 
i prisoners. His treatment of theso was so generous, that several accotnpa- 
! nlcd him back to New Jersey, and 6cttlcd there. Among these was a man 
nau< -d Cubbey, whom Mr. Losey know, and to whom Gen. Winds became 
bo attached, as to present him with a deed for twclvo acres of land in the 
vicinity of Dover. This man acted as a 6ort of body servant to Gen. Winds 
for many years. Tho conduct of Winds in this campaign was favorably re- 
ported by hia soldiers, and ho became mOro than over a popular man at > 
home. In this as in all his future campaigns ho gained tho love of his 
troops by bis standing between them and greedy speculators, who thus 
were not ablo to push a merciless warfare on tho means of the common sol- 
diers. ". ; 

With Blight variations tho tradition is confirmed by Col. Joseph Jack- 
son, of Rockaway, who was personally acquainted with Winds, and whose 
father repeatedly Borvod under hhn during tho revolutionary war. 

That Now Jersey Bent troops to Canada in 1758 is certain,* and that they 
formed a part of tno army which | Abercrombio led to the attack on Ticon- 
deroga, in July of tliat year, is also certain. This probably affords us tho 
clue to tho tradition hero related concerning Winds. In that disastrous 
battle, tho gifted Montcalm commanded the 'French, gathering laurels which 
only served to render tho wreath of victory, which fortune' on tho succeed- 
ing year gavo to tho dying Wolfo, tho moro fadeless. In Bpite of the sound 
advice of Stark, the husband of " Molly Stark," and also somo English o Ul- 
cers, Abercrombio calling them " Rehoboam counsellors," precipitated his 
gallant troops upon a foolish and bloody defeat. His conduct was severely 
reprobated by tho survivors of his army, and by the authorities at home.t 
Hero Is tho seed out of which grow in all probability tho Morris county 

• 5«« Bancroft* 0. g., rol. It. pp. S09, 304. t Bancroft 1 ! V. B.. vol. It, pp. 800-307. 



■. -....-. 


tradition. At homo Winds was not merely a bravo man, but " tho bravest 
of tho brave." In somo respects ho was tho most noted man In tho county, 
. and he bold thcro a relative position which was not so obvious In an army 
mado up of bravo men from England and Scotland, and tho New England 
Colonies who, among other noted spirits, had sent Wolfe, Putnam, and 
Molly Stark's man. With communities as with individuals, there Is a natu- 
ral tendency to vanity, and with tho former this is gratified by dilating to 
the'ff utmost dimensions the heroic deeds of their representative men. ThuB 
it was not unnatural for tho good people of Morris county to discuss, by 
blazing hickory fires, and over mugs of cider, the deeds of their, soldiers in 
that bloody campaign. Among theso reminisences, under tho general inspi- 
ration of such occasions, tho important sharo which such an eccentric, brave, 
and popular man as Winds, took in thoso scenes, would receive a large al- 
lowance, for thus not only did they find the themo of good flresido stories, 
but food for their vanity as a community. 

But be this as it may, there can be little doubt that Winds was a com- 
missioned captain in active service, in the. severe campaign at tho north in 
1758, and that ho there gained himself tho reputation of being a bold and 
trusty officer. 

I have not been ablo to learn whether Winds engaged in military sonnco 
at any timo during tho period intervening between tho French War and tho 
Revolution. Meanwhile he received a commission from tho English author- 
ities as ono of the King's Justices of tho Peace for tho county of Morris. 
■ This was previous to 1765, a year famous in American history for tho pas- 
sago of tho odious Stamp Act. In common with the masses of his country- 
men, lie regarded this act as an intolerable oppression, and resisted its prac- 
tical enforcement, a thing more difficult than common in his caso as a Jus- 
tice of tho Peace. Tho bold resistance of the New England Colonies has 
found a'placo in history, and yet tho mountains of Morris county furnished 
as singular an evasion of tho act as any on record. To avoid tho uso of the 
stamped paper, Justice Winds substituted tho bark of the white birch. War- 
rants and writs, bonds and executions wcro not then so numerous asm those 
days of litigation, and the simplicity of tho times allowed a brevity in theso 
legal documents which might now bo considered indecorous, but when tho 
constable displayed a warrant to arrest " Richard Roc, and bring him beforo 
mo, William Winds," thcro was no ono bold enough to deny tho summary 
authority. If thcro be another instanco of a sworn Justice of King Georgo 
nullifying tho Stamp Act with white birch bark, it has escaped my notice, 
and this must thcrcforo bo reckoned as ono of tho signs which marked that 
generation of freemen. 

The Presbyterian Church of Rockaway was organized about tho year 
1752, although measures had been taken somo timo previous to put up a 
meeting-house. Tho first subscription for this purpose bears ditto of 1740, 
but so far as wo can now ascertain, tho framo was not raised until tho third 
year afterward. It remained unfinished for more than half a century. 
With this congregation Winds was connected, nod at somo time, which no 








record in existence points out, ho made a public profession of religion. In 
all probability it was during tho ' pastorate of the Rev. James Tuttle, tho 
"first pastor, who held tho office from 1708 to 1771. Tho records of the 
parish show that Winds was a liberal contributor to tho expenses of the 
church, and also that ho assisted largely In building the first meeting-house, 
although it must bo acknowledged that his warm imperious temper betrayed 
him into somo extravagances scarcely consistent with his profession. For 
instance, finding his horses one Sabbath morning to bo somewhat fractious, 
ho compelled them to drag his family to meeting in a sleigh on bare ground ; 
and on another occasion, after the commencement of tho Revolution, when 
tho congregation was startled by a messenger on horseback, bringing the 
news' that thd'enemy were on tho march to Morristown, "Winds exhibited the 
most angry impatience" bCcauso \' tho minute men" had come to church 
without their guns. Ono venerable woman is still living who witnessed the 
scene, and she says that Winds never went to church in those days without 
his arms, and that on this alarm ho was so provoked at the remissness of 
his fellow soldiers, "that ho spoke, or rather bawled, so loud that I should 
think he might havo been heard to tho Short Hills!" 

■The samo old lady tells mo that Winds sometimes led in prayer when the 
congregation, for want of a pastor, held "Deacon's meetings." Sho says 
that in his prayers his voice usually was gentlo and low, until he began to 
pray for tho cause of American freedom, when his excitement became ex- 
plosive, and his voice was raised until it sounded like heaVy thunder 1 She 
has heard him suddenly raiso his voice from a low pitch to its highest power . 
whon praying for America, 60 that the congregation would be startled as by 
a sudden peal of thunder 1 

All witnesses agrco in describing Winds as a largo and powerful man. 
Dr. Ashbcl Green, in his revolutionary reminiscences, sayS that ho "was of 
gigantic frarao and strength, and no one doubted his courage. Rut the 
most rcmarkablo thing about him was his voice. It exceeded in power and 
efficiency (for it was articulate as well as loud,) every other human voice I 
ever heard." Tho Dr. aptly denotes it as a •• stcntorophonic voice." Mrs. 
Anderson, who lived more than hajf a mile in an air line from Winds's house, 
tho valley of tho Rockaway river intervening, says that sho has frequently 
heard distinctly tho various orders which ho was issuing to tho laborers in 
his fields. Tho anecdoto of his frightening ofF a detachment of Rritish sol- 
diers, by crying out to tho top of his voice, "open to tho right and left and 
let the artillery through," is familiar to every Jersoyman. Tho 6ccno of 
this anecdote was on tho Hackensack river, as was testified by Stephen 
Jackson, Esq., father of CoL Joseph Jackson, who was present whon the 
farce was enacted. There aro many anecdotes still related, which show 
that since tho days of Stentor, such a voico has rarely been heard, but its 
most singular exhibition was in church music. When he Bang, the old 
people say ho not merely drowned tho voiees of tho wholo congregation, but 
he Boemcd to make tho very building itself shako. 

At this point it will bo in place to glean some, facts which show tho mall 



as ho was at home. Here. every thing was planned and executed with mili- 
tary precision. Ho insisted on literal obedience to his orders, and this when 
his own interests ^suffered by it. From Mrs. Winds to his slave, no one 
dared vary a hair's breadth from his commands, under penalty of such a 
Btorm as it was fearful to encounter. His favorite laborer, for this reason, 
wa3 a man called Ogden, and on one occasion his prompt attention to orders 
was to tho cost of his employer. Winds was starting for Morristown ono 
morning, when he saw that his sheep had broken into a grain field. Great- 
ly excited, ho roared out, " Ogden, go : and kill every ono of thoso Bhecpl" 
and springing on his horse, ho rode off at full speed, which ho did not abate 
until he had gone more than a mile. Then ho bethought himself that his 
man wis a terrible litcralist, and wheeling his horse, ho rodo back at a John 
Gijpin rate, at every leap of his horse roaring out like the report of a brass 
field-piece, "Ogden, hold your hand 1 Ogden, hold your hand I" Rut Og- 
den had executed orders so far as to havo slaughtered seven of tho sheep 
beforo ho received counter orders. In the greatest good humor, he com- 
mended the man for his promptness, but assured him that ho had done 
enough for the present. * 

Anecdotes of a similar character arc very numerous, somo of which do 
not place the man in a very amiable light. Whilst lie never laid violent 
hands on his wife, yet it is said tjiat he has locked her up in a room for some 
deviation from his orders. She was in feeble health, yet with a woman's 
wit she usually adapted herself to the oddities of a man sho really loved, 
and often shielded his men from tho effects of his displeasure. Although 
feeble, she outlived him. He had reason to regret a great while one of his 
orders, which was to a niece, to whom he was much attached, to" execute 
some errand on the horso which ho himself usually rode, and which was as 
fiery as his master. The young woman, not daring to disobey, got on the 
horse, and was thrown. The fall made her a cripple for life. During her 
tedious' illness he watched her as tenderly as if she had been his own child, 
and when he died he left her a legacy, amounting to " one-twentieth of his 
Wholo estate." 

At another timo the wife of his favorite Frenchman, Cubby, camo to ask 
somo favor when his temper was not altogether placid. With tho palm of 
his hand he knocked her over. Her husband went to a neighboring Jus- 
tice to get a warrant, but good 'Squire Ross, knowing Winds's peculiarities, 
took Cubby and his wife to the General's house, when tho following good- 
natured colloquy healed tho rupture: 

!* Molly," said Gen. Winds, "you ought to havo known bettor than to 
come about with such an annoyanco when you 6aw mo out of humor I" 

" Yes, yes," replied tho woman, " perhaps so ; but mad or not, you ought 
io havo known bettor than to knock a lady down with your fist I" 

This retort raised a hearty laugh, in which the offender Joined, and so tho 
difficulty terminated 

Uncommonly prompt and energetic in all his own movements, laziness 
was a crimo which he punished unsparingly. A man, who was a cooper by 

I ■■ 










trade, hod moved into tho neighborhood, and ono day Winds, entering his 
shop, said : " Next week I am going to kill my hogs, and I want so many meat 
casks by Friday night ; will you mako them ?" " Yes, I guess sq," drawled 
out tho lazy fellow, At tho appointed time tho General was at tho shop, 
but his casks wcro not done. Ho demanded tho reason, and getting an an- 
swerwhich showed that laziness was tho cause; he seized a hickory whip, 
and gave him n sound threshing, all tho timo roaring out, " I'll teach you 
to lie, and bo lazy tool" IIo then ordered him sharply to work, or ho would 
administer" SOmo moro wholcsomo correction. It is needless to say that tho 
cooper did not run further risks, but executed the order to tho letter. 
j But whilst theso anecdotes present tho man as imperious and harsh, yet 
thcro is much evidenco to show that ho had a kind heart. When ho was 
killing a sheep or a beef, a part of it was sent to his minister; and if ho 
knew of any poor family in want, choice bits wcro sent to them also. On ono 
occasion a poor man tried to buy njebw, but was met with tho disheartening 
reply— -"A cow indeed ! what do you want of a cow ?" " To keep my fam- 
ily from starving." " Ilavo you got anything to pay for a cowV" " No sir, 
but I hope to have, somo of theso times." " You can't have a cow of me, 
for you will never sec tho timo when you can pay for her 1" 

He was annoyed at tho tlmo with n thousand things which ho was ar- 
ranging in order to get in readiness for tho army. His horso was then at 
the door, but a mile's rido had dissipated his anger, and ho rodo back to 
givo his man orders to drive a certain new milch cow, with tho calf at her 
side, to tho poor man, with tho messago that he need givo himself no troublo , 
about tho pay 1 '• 

All tho survivors of that generation with whom I havo conversed, testify 
to his great generosity if tho poor and distressed. IIo had a rough manner, 
but a kind heart. Imperious and petulant, yet a little time would displaco 
theso unamiablo traits whh-gcntlencss and generosity. Tho man is beforo us 
as ho appeared in tho primo of his manhood, at tho commencement of the Revo- 
lutionary war. Physically ho was a giant, with a giant's strength and a Stcn- 
tor's voico ; as a citizen, ho was a kind neighbor and a warm friend ; as a ma- 
gistrate, ho regarded equity and not technicalities, and dispensed justice in 
modes moro consonant with martial than civil law ; as a Christian, ho shrunk 
from no pecuniary obligation to religion, and was as punctilious as a Phari- 
see in all religious duties ; as an employer, ho suffered no interference with 
his plans, and thoso who obeyed him most closely enlisted his kindest re- 
gards; as a military office^ ho was always ready for duty, and his soldiers 
wero dovotcd to him as a father — his very eccentricities endearing him to 
them, for oven theso wero employed in their behalf. 

"Wo havo already seen that tho masses of tbo Morris County people 
warmly espoused the cause of American Independence, and led on by such 
men as William Winds, thoy practically pledged their honor, their lives and 
their fortunes to the enforcement of tho Great Declaration of July*4th, 1776. 
Whilst tho towns of this county wcro not harrasscd liko those nearer Now 
York and Philadelphia, yet they sent men to defend their suffering brcth'- 



rcn. What thoy wero not obliged to suffer from tho hostile depredations of 
tho British army, their fields and granaries made up in supplies to the Ameri- 
can army. Almost tho entire malo population, over eighteen years of ago, 
boro arms olther on Bpccial occasions or in the regular army. Somo of her 
sons assisted in capturing Burgoync, and others in capturing Cornwallis. 
Tho pulso of liberty beat full and strong in tho hearts of tho Morris yeomen. 
Among these thcro was no warmer-hearted patriot than tho subject of this 
paper.. . 

Tho date of his commission as Liculenant Colonel in tho First Now Jersey 
Battalion was Tuesday, November 7, 1775 ; and by appointment of tho Con- 
tinental Congress. Previous to this, on October 28th, 1775, tlio First Bat- 
talion of New Jersey had elected tho very officers who were afterward com- 
missioned by Congress. From a letter bearing dato " Mcndhara, Dec. 7th, 
1775," wo asccrtaian that Winds was searching the country vigorously for 
the purcliaso of arms. Tho letter is a curiosity, and may be in part trans- 
Ecribc'd literally, to show thfi education and temper of tho man : 

"Sir — I received yours of Nov. 30th, and am much obliged to your Honor 
for your cear (care) in sending my commission. I havo ha I somo success 
in purchasing arms, but cannot send tho number at this time, they being in 
different places purchased by men implied (employed) by me, but will send 
the number sune. * * * * * * 

Sir, I have heard that you have been desired to recommend Jonathan T. 
Morris for an ensign. I beg leave to inform the Colonel that it. would hurt 
the Company much if ho is commissioned^ ] 

From your ycry humble servant, WM. WINDS. 

" N. B. When I camo from Burlington I found Capt. Howell's Company 
had only twenty-eight, and Capt, Morris'jS about nineteen guns only. '* 

On December 10th, 1775, Major DoIIart wrote' to Lord Stirling that somo 
complaints had been made of " tho prico and quality of somo of tho arms 
purchased by Col. Winds." Among tho same manuscripts I find an order 
under dato of November 21st, 1775, from Stirling to Winds to lead three 
Companies, of which Capt Morris's and Capt. Howell's wore two, to tho 
Highlands, but tho order was probably countermanded. 

During tho contest between Governor Franklin and tho Assembly, we 
find Winds at Perth Amboy, the seat of Government, in command of a de- 
tachment of troops, subject to tho order of his Colonel, Lord Stirling. Un- 
der dato of January 10th, 1770, Stirling writes to tho President of tho Con- 
tinental Congress that ho has ordered Lieutenant Colonel Winds to sccuro 
tho person of Governor Franklin, and removo lu'm to Elizabethtown, where 

• MSS. Id poucmIod or N. J. IINlorIc»l Soclotr. 






ho had " provided good and genteel lodgings" for him. Two days previous 
to this, Winds wrote the following letter to the Governor: 

"Bawiacks at Pektii Ambov, January 8tri, 1770. 
"Sin— I havo had hints that you intend to leavo the Province in case tho 
letters that 'wero intercepted should be sent to the Continental Congress. As 
I have particular orders concerning the matter, I therefore desire you will 
give mo your word and honor that you will not depart this Province until I 
know tho will and pleasure of the Continental Congress concerning the mat- 
ter. Iam,&c." 

Franklin replies tho'samo day: ."I havo not the least intention to qiu'tthe 
Province ; nor shall I, unless compelled by violence." Hut meanwhile, as 
tho required pledge had not been given, the. zealous "Winds had stationed 
his sentinels at the Governor's gate to assist him in keeping his resolution. 
This calls out an indignant letter tho. next day, January Oth, and it is con- 
cluded with this significant sentence : "However, lot tho authority or let the 
pretence bo what it may, J do hereby require of you, if these men aro sent 
by your orders, that you do immediately remove then from, hence, as you 
will answer tho contrary at your peril." 

To this letter Winds replied tho same day in a strain which shows the 
stuff ho was made of : >. ' * 

- " Jaxiakv Otii, 177C. 

"Sin— As you in a former letter say you wrote nothing but what was 
your duty to do as a faithful officer of the Crown; so I say, touching tho 
sentinels placed at your gate, I have-dono nothing but what was my duty 
to do as a faithful officer of tho Congress. I am, Ac." ' 

Tho situation of Franklin was uncomfortable enough, since on the 10th of 
January Lord Stirling sent a message to him by tho out-spoken Winds, 
"which kindly invited him to dino with me at this place," (Elizabethtown,) j 
and such was tho decision of tho messenger, that "he at last ordered up his 
coach to proceed to this place." Tho intervention of Chief Justico Smyth, 
rcho prevailed on him to make tho promiso which Winds demanded, saved 
the Governor from a dlsagrcfcablo rido under a guard to Elizabethtown.* 

From Franklin's Becond letter to Winds it comes to light incidentally that 
ho was not only a Lieutenant Colonol, but an elected representative of tho 
peoplo of Morris in tho Assembly. . • 

Tho journal of Timothy Tuttlo also shows that from December 21st, 1775, 
to January 14th, 1770, Winds's troops wero on duty around Perth Amboy 
and Elizabethtown; on tho 14th of that month they searched Staton Island 
forftorios ; and on tho 18th thoy marched from Borgcntown to Now York 
city, thonco to Ilellgatc, Nowtown, Jamaica and Rockaway, on Long Island,^ 

• Life Lord SBrllnf, pj> 119-133. 



in pursuit of tofics. On the 22d, at Elizabethtown, ho stood gentry over a 
ship lately taken from tho enemy. 

In February of this year, Winds informed Congress that ho was stationed 
at Perth' Amboy with a part of the Eastern Battalion of tho Continental 
forces; that ho was destitute of ammunition, and that ho stood in need of a 
supply. Congress, by their President, requested tho Committee of Somer- 
set county to furnish him with four quarter-casks of powder, and tho Conr- 
mittec.of Middlesex county to, furnish him with 150 pounds o*f lead. 

Tho journals of Congress show that on " Thursday, March 7th, 1776, it 
was ordered that William Wind*, Esq., bo promoted tq^fto Colonel of the 
First Now Jersey Battalion, and Matthias Ogdcn, Esq., be appointed Lieuten- 
ant Colonel of the same."* The news of his promotion was accompanied 
with the following letter from the- President of Congress: ' 

" Philadelphia, March 7th, 1770. 
"Sin — The promotion of my Lord Stirling to tho rank of Brigadier Gen- 
eral in the Continental Army, having occasioned a vacancy, the Congress, 
in consideration of your merit and attachment to the Amo'ic/fn cause,' have 
appointed you to succeed him. I do myself thclionor to enclose your com- 
mission; and am, Sir, your nimble servant, 

JOHN IIANCOCK, Trcsldcnt. 
"To Col. William Winds, New York."t 

In a letter to Congress, dated a week after Hancock's, Winds acknow- 
ledges the honor conferred on himself, but protests in behalf of tho Rcgi- 
ment against the appointment of Mr. Ogden as Lieutenant Colonel, and hopes 
that " this young gentleman's merits might be rewarded in some other way ;" 
and from "Stillwater, May 18th, 1770," lie writes to President Hancock^ 
stating the extortion and the negligence of "Doctor Burnett," and request- 
ing that "Congress will appoint some other person to serve in that depart- 
mcnt"J This letter was evidently written on tho march Northward, to 
which service Winds's Regiment had been ordered. . 

From the depositions of several soldiers applying for pensions, wo gather 
tho fact that early in May, 1770, Col. Winds's Regiment set out to join tho 
expedition against Canada, in which Montgomery lost his lifo tho previous 
year. The Regiment proceeded as far as tho town of Sorell, If not to Three 

Tho inhabitants.of tho several towns in tho Now Hampshire grants WTOtc 
. to General Sullivan, asking protection in viow of " tho retreat of tho Amer- 
ican army from Canada, and tho news of tho savages killing several of our 
men on tho west sido of Lake Champlaln." They petition that a guard bo 
Rent to Onion river, or somo other placo Judged to bo most advantageous to , 
thclmny and the inhabitants. Under date of July 2d, 1770, Sullivan writes 

.« Vol. I. p. J80. 1 

t American Archlrci, 4lh Period, vol. 5th, p. M. . * 

.1 'American Archlref, 4th B«rle«, toL S, p. KB. ... 

I 1 




I j 




■ A 





to General Washington : " I have- ordered Col. "Winds, with a hundred and 
fifty men, to take post on tho Onion river, to guard thero until I could havo 
your Excellency's and "General Schuyler's opinion."* That he actually took 
this post, is evident from a letter which ho' wroto to General Gates from 
«' Sherbourno, July 15th, 1770. Sir — I am hero, by leavo of Gen. Sullivan, 
with -26 men, and havo built a stockaded fort for tho safety of my men and 
tho inhabitants. I this day hoard that my Regiment is ordered down to Ti- 
conderoga ; and if so, would bo glad to receive somo orders whether to stay 
hero or to go after them. I havo sent a battcau for provisions, as wo aro 
just out Beg tho favor that tho Commissary may be ordered to send some 
by the' bravo Sergeant Edwards. "WILLIAM WINDS, Colonel 

" To the Commander at Crown Point."t 

A general order issued by Gcnoral Sullivan on November Gth, 1770, at Ti- 
conderoga, is as follows: " Col "Winds is ordered to prcparo to embark .to- 
morrow morning for Skeenesborough with such officers, non-commisioned offi- 
cers, and soldiers of tho said New Jersey Regiment, whose terms of enlistment 
arc out, who aro desirous of being immediately discharged. They will embark 
at 5 o'clock, five In a boat." Tho samo orders contiin a request that these 
officers and soldiers remain until tho 13th inst, when " they will be permit- 
ted to depart with honor, and shall bo allowed pay for their return home." 
The general order of tho 7th instant expresses tho hearty thanks of tho 
General to tho officers and soldiers of tho 1st Jersey Battalion who remain 
with tho array, 4, for tho honor and public spirit they shew in disdaining to 
follow tho infamous example of their Colonel and tho deluded soldiers who 
followed him. Tho Goneral would inform them that tho drums wcro beat 
by his order' in dorision of tho few who had the baseness to quito their posts 
in tliis tiruo of danger."*, • " r , • 

An unpublished journal kept by Timothy Tut tie, of "Whippany, who was 
with Winds during this cntiro campaign,, confirms tho statements already 
made, and gives additional light on tho movements of tho brigade. 

"May 28th, 1770— Started from Crown Point down Lako Champlain. 
31st— To St John's by water, fifteen miles. Juno 4th— Reached the town 
of Sorcll, thirty miles down tho river, and forty -fivo below Champlain. Cth 
—Sick of fatiguo, working at a battery under Capt Miller; two Penn- 
sylvania regiments started 'for Thrco Rivers ; various tidings of the 
strength of tho enemy, 8,000 regulars and 1,700 Hanoverians. 7th— 
New England troops embarked for Three Rivers; cannon firing beard. 8th- ' 
—Embarked for Three Rivers; rowed over the lakej heard heavy firing, 
and soon camo in sight of tho contest, but could give no assistance, tho ene- 
my's cannon preventing; Capt Morri3 and a party sent out in a battcau 
wcro nearly captured, and only saved themsclvcd by hard efforts with thcir 

• Amer. Arch., 4th Serlo*. Tol. tl, p. 1119. 

t lb. tol. I, p. 849. „ *• • • , 

t Journal of Lieut. Elmer, Id ProctoJIogi of New Jeney Hl.torlcal BocW Tol. Ill, pp. 40. 4 L 



oars. Oth — Passed ofT in battcauz for Sorcll ; when in tho lako could sco 
tho enemy firing from their ships ; reached Sorcll at noon ; heard our army 
had been destroyed. Remained four days at Sorcll. Hurried off to St 
John's ; small pox among tho men. 24th — Reached Crown Point, when 
many men began to sicken with tho 6tnall pox ; lost several teen by it ; ro- 
mainod at Crown Point somo time. July 14th — Left Crown Point, and 
reached Ticondoroga on tho 15th. ; <Scpt 1st— Col. Winds returned from 
Jersey, having been absent about a month, Oct 10th— Col Winds applied 
to the General for leavo to go home. 18th — Bad news; our fleet destroyed 
down tho lake ; expect to bo attacked. 28th — Enemy in sight ; gave them 
a few cannon shot Nov. 5th — Col Winds and men havo permission to re- 
turn homo. Cth — Lef/ Ticondcroga for home." 

Tho entry in Mr. Tuttle's journal under Oct 28th, 6hows tho reason of 
Gen. Sullivan's earnestness for Col Winds's regiment to remain, but there 
eccms no proof that thore was any danger of an attack, for in that case Col 
Winds would not havo imitated Sir John Falstaff, " fight and run away." 

Tltat this was the causo for this sevcro expression in these general orders 
I havo no doubt, but it is very plain that no good ground can bo assigned 
for it Between Col Dayton, who lived on Succasunny Plains, b Morris 
county, and.CoLiWinds, thero was a bad 6tato of feeling, and this may havo 
had its effect on Gen. Sullivan's miniS, but that ho was notT-eally guilty of 
an "infamous cxamplo" is evident from tho fact that ho Bimply graphed 
with his duty in conducting his soldiers homo as ho had promised them. 
And that his conduct was approved by his fellow-citizens at homo is plain 
from his promotion on tho succeeding year. The journals of tho Provincial 
Legislaturo show that on "Feb. 8d, 1777, William Winds, Esq. was, by 
tho joint meeting elected Colonel of tho Western Battalion of Militia in the 
county of Morris, lately commanded by Col Jacob Drake," and that on 
'.'March 4th, 1777, Col Wm. Winds was elected by ballot a Brigadier-Gen- 
eral of tho Militia of this State." This all goes to provo that Winds had not 
lost tho confidence of tho soldiers or pcoplo of New Jersey. 

It is worthy of remark here, that in November and December of 1770, 
Gen. Washington wroto several letters to Gov. Livingston, of Now Jersey, 
Gov. Trumbull of Connecticut, John Augustino Washington, and to tho 
President of Congress, in which ho employed these sevcro terms : " In short, 
tho conduct of tho Jerseys has been most infamous. Instead of turning out 
to defend their country, and affording aid to our army, they are making 
thoir submissions as fast as possible."* Ho speaks also of his having been 
"cruelly disappointed" by tho New Jersoy militia. That ho spoko hastily, 
and that ho condemned tho Jerseys too sovcroly, is manifest from his subse- 
quent admissions, that "hopo was beginning to rovivo in the breasts of tho 
Now Jersoy militia," and " tho militia aro taking spirits, and I am told arc 
coming b fast from this State t " Tho mud rounds," as they were named 
by tho soldiers, wcro accomplished during theso memorable dark months. 

• gpirkji Wtihlngton. Tol. It, p. 830. 





Tho roods were intolerable, and when frozen, tho soldiers might be traced 
by tho blood pressed on tho ruts from their badly protected feet Tho en- 
emy was triumphant, and yet no etato outdid New Jersey in its devotion to 
tho sinking fortunes of freedom under such appalling difficultise. Several 
regiments had been sent north of Albany, and tho New Jersey militia at 
homo turned out in'as largo numbers -«s could bo expected, to check tho 
common enemy. Whole companies, as has been testified by witnesses who 
aro recently deceased, followed Washington in his bloody retreat through 
tho Jerseys, although their terms of enlistment had expired. Lot posterity 
honor their memory. i 

Wo havo seen that Col. Winds loft Ticonderoga'ort'thc Cth of November, 
1770, and soniff-of tiro" revolutionary 6oldiers say that he was with Gen. 
Washington during his retreat. If so he must havo joined the army imme- 
diately on his return from tho north. Although I have no proof of tho fact 
beyond that just given, from tho character of tho man, I consider it not at 
all. unlikely. However dilatory others might be, he was ever ready to 
march to his country's hid at an instant's notice. Bo tin's as it may, we 
know that ho was on duty that winter. The British lay at Now Brunswick,' 
and Winds commanded tho troops which guarded tho lines. Ho had sev- 
eral, skirmishes with the enemy during this winter. His headquarters wero 
at Van Mulinen's, and from thonco ho mado frequent excursions to Bound 
Brook, Elizabcfhtown, and the neighboring region, to hold in check the for- 
aging parties of thej enemy, which greatly distressed tho people that feeason. 
James Kitchel, of Rockaway, a very reliablo witness, deposed jthat early in 
1777, "ho was threo months under Winds at Woodbridge, Van Mulinen's, 
and that frontier, and that not a week passed without a brush from tho en- 
emy. Tho engagement at Strawberry Hill was during this-time." William 
Cook, of Hanover, deposes to the samo facts, and specifies tho Strawberry 
Hill affair. In addition, ho says a sharp engagement took placo at Wood- 
bridge, In which Winds commanded. Job Love, another revolutionary vet- 
eran, speaks of a skirmish near Quibbletown, that spring. N. Wittaker says 
tho wholo country was in a stato of alarm, and that Winds's troops had sev- 
eral fights with tho enemy. ' \ / 

An amusing anecdote is told of a trick played on him during this spring 
campaign, by two young soldiers named Hcniman and Camp. They wero 
really Bhort of provisions, but thought to try tho General's sympathy, f^ 
they knew ho would bo around shortly. So thoy got a smooth stone, and . 
placed it In their camp kettle, and 6et it to boiling. Byo and by Winds 


"Well, men, anything to cat?" he inquired. ' 

"Not much, General," they replied, with much gravity. 

"What have you got in tho kettle?" said he, coming up to the fire. 

"A fitone, General, for thoy say there is some strength in stones, if you 
can only get it out PS 

"There ain't a bit of strength in it. Throw it out You must have some- 
thing besides that to eat" 



With this he left tho house, and rodo rapidly to tho farm-houso of a Qua- 
ker in 'the neighborhood. Tho good man's wife had just baked a batch of 

"'My friend," said Winds, "my soldiers aro starving, and I want that 
bread." ' y 

" Thee cannot have it to help men to fight" £* 

" I don't care a fig about thee and i/wu, but I want tho bread. ^Here's 
tho poncy." 
• " I cannot take thy money for such purposes." 

"Very well," said Winds, "it will bo left to buy something elso with, 
but tho bread I will have, money or no money 1" 

With that ho placed tho loaves of hread in a tag, and throwing it across 
his horsp, carried it back to tho camp, where ho distributed tho bread, not 
forgetting our wags, who wero making the stono soup 1 

A number of veteran soldiers unite in tho testimony that Col. Winds did 
his duty in repressing tho enemy with thp greatest activity. One night a 
musket-ball struck near his tent, as if some traitor in tho vicinity had in- 
tended to shoot him. ^ 

' During this year, tho militia, of New Jersey seem to have stood in better 
credit than when Gen. Washington condemned them so severely, sinco John 
Hancock writes to Gov. Livingston, Sept. Cth, 1777, that "by their lato con- 
duct against our cruel enemies, ihcy havo distinguished themselves in a 
manner that docs them tho greatest honor, and I am persuaded they will 
continuo to merit on all occasions, when called upon, the reputation they 

havo so justly acquired."* 


During this summer, Gen. Winds was stationed somewhero on the North 
River, 60 that ho did not participate in tho capturo of Burgoyno'e army, 
which took placo Oct 16th, 1777.t William Patterson writes from Morris- 
town, Oct 18th, to Gov. Livingston, " Glorious news! glorious news! Gen- . 
oral Burgoyne has surrendered himself and his wholo army prisoners of war 
to Gen.- Gates. * * * * Enclosed aro two letters for your Excellency 
and a newspaper. One of tho letters is from General Winds, and being in- 
formed that it was on business of importance, I havo dispatched tho mes- 
senger sooner than I should havo done. I believe our militia will not bo 
wanted up the North River, if so, would it not bo best to recall them ? At 
all events it would not bo improper to order Gen. Winds, (i^nkss ho be al- 
ready ordered" by Gen. Dickenson,) to return tho instant tho enemy sail 
down tho rivcr."| 

Tho last expression of this quotation shows us what duty Gen. Winds was ' 
engaged in on tho Hudson. Tho plan of tho British was to form a junction 
between Burgoyno's army from tho north, and that of Sir Henry Clinton, 
from New York. Tho latter began his share of tho enterprise by surprising 
the garrison of Fort Montgomery, and his troops committed some shameful 
depredations along the river. Nevertheless ho did not effect his purpose, 

• N. J. Rer. CorrM., p. ». 1 13th MUltr"! Kng.. vol It. p. Mi J X. ]. B«t. Contu P. 1»- 



Bincotho American troops holding tho passes of *ho river, prorented him; 
U was to aid in guarding the Hudson against Sir Henry Clinton, that Winds 
was dispatched thither, probably in August* After the English returned to 
New York, Gen. ^inds was recalled. This fact is fully confirmed by the 
testimony of Luke Miller, who was with Gen. Winds. I am unable to far- 
ther trace his movements during this year but ho was probably engaged as 
in the spring in repressing the foraging parties of the enemy, and in pro- 
tecting tho State from the incursions of tho enemy. 

In 1778 Gen. Winds was several months in activo service in the region or 
Elizabcthtown and the nackonsaek, and during tho time several severe skir- 
mishes wcro fought with tho enemy. Tho depositions of many revolutionary 
pensioners give proof of this fact This was an eventful year with him, sinco 
ono mistake on an important occasion reduced him to partial disgrace. 
During the spring and tho early part of tho summer wo find Gen. Winds 
commanding a detachment of militia in the neighborhood of Elizabcthtown. 
Sir William Howe had been succeeded! by Sir Henry Clinton, in tho com- 
mand of tho British army. Franca had sent assistance to our country, in 
consequence of which Clinton had b<jen ordered to detach 5,000 of his. 
troops to aid in a descent on tho French possessions in tho West Indies, and 
8 000 men to Florida, with tho remainder he was to march to New York. 
Tho American/fermy was at Valley Forge, and as soon as the news of the 
evacuation of Philjidolpbla was known, Gen. Washington crossed into New 
Jersey with his whole army, to pursue the retreating army. Clinton crossed 
tho Delaware at Gloucester Point, and marched through Mount Holly with 
the intention of reaching tho Raritan at New Brunswick. But finding that 
Gen. Washington was in force at Kingston, near Princeton, ho changed his 
direction for Sandy Hook. On tho 28th of Juno 1778, the British took a 
Etrong position at Monmouth Court House and awaited the attack of the 
Americans, which Clinton saw to bo inevitable. All tho dispositions of 
Washington wcro admirable, but in two of his plans ho was foiled through 
the incompetency or cowardico of tho officer sent to execute them. * It was 
on this occasion that tho cowardly retreat of Gen. Leo excited tho usually 
placid tempor of Washington, to the highest degrco of wrath. This misera- 
ble conduct of Leo threw every thing into such confusion that during tho 
night tho British escaped to their fleet at Sandy Hook. In the battle of 
that day tho Americans wcro victors, and had Leo done his part, they might 
have destroyed or greatly disabled tho enemy. •« 

In tho plans of Gen. Washington was ono which was entrusted to a body 
of tho militia ! under Gen, Winds. • As soon as tho plan of tho enemy was 
perceived to march to Sandy Hook, orders were given to Gen. Winds to lead, 
his command to Now Brunswick, and then follow tho South bank of tho 
Raritan towards Amboy and Sandy Hook, for tho double purposo of inter- 
cepting tho baggage train of tho enemy, and in case of their defeat at Mon- 
mouth Court House, to cut off their retreat. In pursuanco of an arrangc- 

.J • N. J. Rot. Corns., p. M. ; 



ment which tho inspection of a map will pronounce admirable, Winds had 
followed tho Raritan as far as Spotswood, reaching that place before' noon. 
Tho sounds of the cannon at Monmouth wero constantly heard as it wcro to 
stimulate his zeal. But they fonnd tho bridgo over tho stream at Spotwopd 
takcn^ip, and thoy were hastening to repair it in order to cross with M Uttlo 
delay as possible. At this point my informants differ slightly. Mr. James 
Kitchcl, who was under Winds, and was present, says that Gen. Winds hero 
received orders to march- back to Elizabcthtown, as tho enemy wore on tho 
way from New York, and in this several witnesses agree, but it must bo ad- 
mitted that theso witnesses wcro privates, and therefore could not hive had 
the best means of knowing tho roasons for their commander's course. An- 
other witness says that a sleek Quaker, looking as innocent as an angel, 
brought tho nows to Winds that tho enemy were marching on Elizabeth- 
town. But it is not material as to how tho information was brought, sinco 
it was brought in sorao way ; and although it was false, it led Gen. Winds to 
march back to Elizabcthtown. That ho must have dono this on his own re- 
sponsibility, and contrary to express orders^ is evident from tho impossibility 
that Gen. Washington or any of his general officers could ha^o issued an 
order so at war with tho wants of tho occasion. Besides this, tho vordict of 
the community against Winds for his conduct would not havo boon give D 
could ho havo plead in extenuation tho orders of a superior. All tho facts 
and circumstances show that ho acted hastily and with no good grounds on 
which his disobedionco could bo justified 

Tho testimony of tho soldiors who wero with him, indicate that a strong 
feeling was oxcitcd against him, and that 6omc in tho heat of tho moment 
attributed the retreat from Spotswood to cowardice. It is said that ho came 
near being court-martiallcd, but of this I find no evidence. His character 
for courage was too well established for him to be punished as a coward, and 
his past deeds, marked with such ardent patriotism and daring, procured for 
him exemption where a woijso man would havo been cashiered. I am sorry 
to inako this record concerning ray hcro^nd shall be glad to alter it if tho 
proof can bo furnished of its incorrectness. ■ 

Dr. Green's reminiscences show that after tho battlo of Monmouth, prob- 
ably in July, Gen Winds led a detachment of troops to Minisink on 
the Delaware to repel a threatened incursion of Indians, but tho enemy did 
not appear.* Tho samo vcncrablo witness shows that during tho remainder 
of the summer and fall ho guarded the lines on tho Passaic and Hackcnsack 
with great courage and prudence. On several occasions he attacked the 
enemy, and repulsed them in all their attempts to cross tho rivers. Tho 
vcncrablo David Gordon, when ninoty-ono years old, repeated to mo a 
speech made by Gen. Winds during this campaign, which is sufficiently 
characteristic Thoy wero at Aquackanonk, and ono Sabbath morning 
Gen. Winds paraded his troops, and thus addressedthem : "Brother sol- 
diers, to-day, by tho blessing of God, I mean to attack tho enemy. All you 

• Ut* of Dr. Greta, pp. tt-i. 


► -* 





that tre sick, lame, or afraid, stay behind, for I don't want sick men : lame 
men can't run, and cowards won't fight!" The Spartanic brevity and 
hearty wit of the address are quite notable. 

• My venerable Informant pronounced the words with the vivacity of a 
young man, and when he had finished, warmed up with the stirring recol- 
lections of his old commander and the scenes through which ho had followed 
him, he exclaimed, " Some say Gen, "Winds was a coward, but I toll you ho 
was an old warrior, and I don't believe any such charge. If he hadn't any 
thing else to fight with but his voice, ho could scare a regiment out of their 
wits with that!" 'And this was a fact during that sumor when tho amusing 
anecdote, of his scaring away a detachment of (he enemy, by roaring out 
" open to tho right and left and let the artillery through," actually occurred. 

Here I may appropriately insert a characteristic anecdote of Gen. Winds, 
which I supposo to be as reliable as an oft-repeated anccdoto can well be. 
Jt sounds very much like tho man. 

Col. Joseph Jackson says ho often heard his father relate this 'anecdote. 
Tho detachment under the command of Gen. Winds, was lying at Ilacken- 
eack, and one Sunday morning they were ordered to parado, fully equipped, 
for some expedition not yet made known. It seems that through some 
oversight of tho quarter-master, a Mr. WoodrufT, of Elizabvihtown, the sol- 
diers had had short rations on Saturday, and none on Sunday. The Colo- 
nel's father, being a neighbor and friend of the General was commissioned 
to state the facts to him, and tell him that tho troops wcro not in a very 
good condition for sor so long a march. * 

"When Winds heard this he was furious, and asked if "there were no pro- 
visions r" Mr. Jackson replied that ho "supposed there were provisions 
enough." " Where Is quarter-master Woodruff?" demanded tho General, 
with growing impatience. And without waiting for a reply he strode up to 
the building in which tho provisions were stored, and seizing a heavy stick 
of wood, he stove tho door in at a blow. "There," 6aid he, "help your- 
selves, men.'' 

Just then tho quarter-master, who had without leavo mado a rapid visit 
to Elizabethtown, appeared on the ground. His presence called forth tin 
following colloquy, which on the General's part was sustained in his loudest 
tones. '- - • - 

""Where have; you been, "Woodruff, leaving the men to starve for your 
&bominablo negligence?" 
." I have been homo, General Winds." ' . 

" Home ! What did you go homo for ? Go homo and neglect duty, eh ?" 

11 1 went homo to get Bomo clean clothes." 

" Clean clothes, indoed 1 I wear my nigger's breeches !" 

Then in a tone tremendous for its angry loudness, and yet ono in which 
those who knew him, could detect some roguery, ho cried out to his officers, 
" Bring out a rope and hang him up to tho first tree !" 

Tho quarter-master, well knowing tho resoluto character of the man, be- 
gan to think he would have to swing for it, and turned deadly pale, when 


theGeneral cried out again, "never mind it this time, but lookout fa the 
After the troops had eaten, they were march*, * n p~l 

sentinels,. probably fc lair promises, M dZlo a Si 0?^ S""J' "">,, tireerailes S , to, eaTp £L 21 «t '"* ?T 
. ft. house and totrcioeed himM to the taner and riSlf S V" toto 

narratives and anecdotes concernl™ «,. «'•.*,: ™ ,ert » l "«i him with 
/-. tho Nik worn, a littl *Jjg& tLT' "^ "* 0U "' lwo """a 

They found fteb-desto to the shone o/.„ T 1 " ""^ of *">'«»>■. 

»nd some leave, o/tead. 1 fiXlS T?fr& U - batl ". 

SE5&3J? •*»■**£«* «~^.SJ.Ta. 

prisoners, and accord^ .o^el, £&,£»*& £ £*•& toirt, 
near Conneetieut farms, ,nd 0UP informant iys it was to »?»££. 
. ^"°«>« M»-n.8 J-ear he was net m„eh SffiSSgSSfef 
learn, and owing to tho foolincr i>t*u»a «~.- a i. BUT1C ° so far as I can 

Ira Dodd a,., of Bloomfield, who had it from his lit "SSjftgS 
5S*1W «** Cornwall!* beforo him, and had begun £ S fi 

^ako a great demonstration on tho British fc, New York^ F ftffi BCnt <0 ■ 

fho^r to t> coUcct * thc boat * in ** sssj^swc 

those abovo Patterson Falls on thc Passaic Th™„ JL " • ! S 




- * 37 



cttc in & great rage. General Winds was in command of a detachment, and 
his voice vied with tho tempest as ho cheered and directed his men. Mr. 
Dodd said that Winds roared louder than tho thunder. When Lafayette 
was in this country, ho met Mr. Dodd,' his companion-in-arms, and laughing 
heartily said, as ho grasped his hand, "Ob, how mad I was that night at 
Cranetownl" ' 

In 1788, General Winds, William Woodhull,-and John Jacob Facsch were 
elected by Morris county to. the State Convention which ratified tho present 
Constitution of the United States. . On tho 12th of October, 1789, ho died 
of dropsy in the chest It was remarked as a fact not a littlo singular, that 
for many years ho had expected to bury his wife, who was in feeblo health, 
but she outlived him several years. In his will, signed the day before his 
death ho gives the use of all his personal and real estate to his "dear and 
well beloved wife, Ruhamah," "for her sole use and benefit" as long as she 
should remain" his widow, and should sho marry, "tho use and benefit of 
the third of his whole estate." lie insorts the praiseworthy injunction " that 
sho shall at no time, nor on any occasion, nor by any persons whatsoever 
bo obliged to give any account for any waste or damago dono by her, or her 
order on said estate." Tho last bequest in tho will is in these words, " For 
that great regard I have felt for tho interest of Christ's kingdom, and for the 
benefit of tho Presbyterian Chjirch, I do hereby give and bequeath to the 
Presbyterian Church at Rockaway all tho remainder of my whole estalc for 
a parsonage, and do hereby further will and order that tho said remainder 
of my estato shall bo and remain for ever for that use and purposo only, and . 
that it shall never bo disposed of for any other purpose whatever." 

Mr. David Gordon informed mo that General Winds had in his family at 
the timo of his death, one of his soldiers, named Phelps. This man insisted 
that his old commander should be buried with the honors of war, although 
Borne opposition was mado to it Accordingly, Capt Josiah Hall, who had 
. frequently served under General Winds, assembled a company of Winds's 
Boldlers, who buried their deceased General with tho : honors of war. Dr. 
' John Darby, of Parcippany, seems to havo officiated first as General Winds's 
physician, then as his lawyer in writing his will, and lastly as his minister 
in cheering hid with tho consolations of religion. In this last capacity ho 
also pronounced tho funeral sermon, from Job xxiii: 8-10. "Behold I go 
forward, but he is not there, Ac. . 

His monument of brown froo stone is just in tho rear of tho church, and 
bears tho following inscription, Written by Dr. Darby : 

"Under this monument lies buried tho body of Wm. Winds, Esq., who 
departed this life, Oct 12th, 1789, in tho 62d year of his age. 

" His natural abilities wcro considerable, which ho improved for tho good 
of his fellow-men. Whenever tho cause of hiaxountry and liberty called, ho 
ventured his life on\ho field of battle. As a cmKmagistrate ho acted with 
integrity, and also sustained tho office of Captain, Miyor, Colonel, and Gen- 
eral, with great honor. 

"He was a provident husband, a kind neighbor, a friend to the poor and 
a good Christian. Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord " 

S"ch was William Winds, a man whoso name is a fixture in tho traditions 
of Morns county, but tho details of whose history have already JSy P*r 
shed from the memory of his countrymen. Full of genuine counJe Zt 
too hasty and impetuous -for great military deeds ; self-reliant as ^self- 
made man " yet sometimes tho dupo of the designing ; truly eenerous. vet 
most exacting; a friend to the poor, yet impend a tyra'nf "the ^t/on 

neglect of gentleness i and meekness; a whole-hearted patriot, holding his 
hfe and property at the call of his country, yet doing his country a wVng 
from heady mcons.derateness ; such was this remarkable m-wlfosc mem 

Morfri c r B y h y p* to chcrish ** ^ th ° ch °^ * *« ™» 

SSKfl ' *l • wb rA am ° ° Ught to bc cmbalme < 3 ^ the warmest 
regrets of the parol i in which ho spent so much of his life, and to which he 

fat histoTT h ^ rf ° f Jrf^ In Prcparin * «* W ouUuTe of 
his history, I have felt ready to complain of the cruel destructiveness of 
time which has suffered so little of him to survive, but imperfect as if*, I - 
dedicate this paper to his memory, with the single reflection that it is some- 
what singular the task should have been left to a stranger to collect suffl- 
cient .his hfe to keep safe and sacred among tho historic records of New 
Jersey the name of William Winds. May it never be forgotten I 





a ■ 




^amspntairt ml C$iUim gteantor, <£arl jrf Stirling, 

(Oontintud/rom V6L ji,p. 9C.) 

. Adolph Benxel to WUUam Alexander. 

Philadelphia, March lGtn, 175G. 
Sir — I have tho honor to acquaint you that I have returned to the regi- 
ment near seventy recruits, approved by the Major, and have eight remain- 
ing at New Castle, whom I intend to send by tho first opportunity. I have 
been very ill treated in many respects by the recruiting party that fell, by 
Captain Jocelyn's orders, to my lot; a recital I 6hall waive until another op- 
portunity. I presumo the Major will acquaint tho General thereof. I have 
really been at a loss how to act by them till his Excellency's further com- 
mands. The warrant and promise I had from tho General have authorized 
mo to confine a certain Sergeant Nestor, and Ross and Mahon, recruits, who 
have behaved indecently to the inhabitants, and after all treated mo with tho « 
greatest contempt I am in great hopes to havo his Excellency's promiso 
completed. You may bo assured, Sir, I Bhall, in every respect, act to the 
utmost of my power that may be conducive to my duty and his Excellency's 
commands. I am, &c. 

William Livingston io the same. 

Nfcw York, March 16th, 1756. 

Dear Brother — I received your letter in relation to defending tho officers, 

and shall obsorvo the directions therein given. Sir Charles* has not passed 

the bill you montion, nor, I believe, ever will whilo it remains inconsistent 

with his instructions.! Evans has just published a voluminous pamphlot in 

• Bir Charlet Hardy, Governor of the Province. ' " '*•'• 

t It would teem from the former part of this letter, that Mr. Alexander had written a leparato 

one to hli brother-in-law, upon the suhject of tho »ulu against the recruiting offlcen,tn which he 

referred to the topic s embraced in this answer. 



8vo, to asperse the General, and ingratiate himself with some of oar invid- 
ious politicians. 

I am just preparing for Amboy, and must therefore break oft" abruptly 
Offer my compliments to the General, and bid you farewelL I am, Ac 

William Alexander to Wdilaai Balth. Jr. 

* . Boston, March 23d, 1766. 

Dear Smith— I shall inclose to you copies of tho two' Councils of War 
held at Oswego, and also a copy of that lately held at New York; but re- 
mark, my dear Smith, of what a nature those minutes are : No person must 
even know that you havo them, except yourself and William Livingston. 
What I write you for tho future, I intend for you both ; and I hope the Bou 
will take that for a sufficient apology if I don't write to him. 

I have read part of Evans's voluminous performance. It is full of misrep- 
resentations and falsehoods ; but, upon tho whole, I can't say that I am 6orry 
that \t is published, as it gives me an opportunity of knowing, and being put 
in mind of the quarter in which tho enemy utend to attack. What leisure 
moments I have, I shall employ in stating the truth of facts— a copy of 
which you shall have. 

By this time, I suppose, you havo been sufficiently alarmed with terrible 
news from Oswego, and of two largo armies of French and Indians being on 
their march— ©no to attack Oswego, and tho other to fall on tho Oneida car- 
rying place. As to the stato of Oswego, it is sufficiently able to defend it- 
self against all the musketry tho French can send against it ; and as to can- 
non, I will give my lifo if thoy bring any against it at this season. They 
had— notwithstanding all their reports— provisions to tho middle of April, 
and so early care has been taken of them from hence, that unless very im- 
probable accidents happened, they had a fresh supply of provisions arrived 
there about six days ago ; another supply about Tour days ago, and by this 
day or to-morrow, they will havo above three months' provisions in store. 

As a month since, a detachment of thoRoyal Artillery marched for that place 
from Albany, and abovo threo weeks since, ono of the Chief Engineers 6«t 
out, you sco no time has been' lost in endeavoring to give it all tho security 
-that possibly could bo given to it; and as to their two armies, I believe the 
one consists of Oswcgaians, and tho other of twenty Orcndaets— whom' the 
General, about threo weeks ago, had intelligence were to infest tho passage 
between tho great carrying-place and Oswego, and immediately desired Sir 
William Johnson to get out Indians to endeavor to intercept them, and there 
arc accordingly threo parties gone out for that purpose. I mention these 
things only to put you and the rest of our friends in New York out of any 
pain on this account. I am, &c. ,■ 




Tic same to Col. Feter (Schuyler.* 

Boston, March 27th, 1750. 
Dear Sir — I shall now send you tho.draught of a vessel designed by Capt. 
Washington Shirley, so as to carry eighteen six-pounders, and to draw but 
seven and an half feet water, and yet to sail very well ; which, as the French 
arc endeavoring to strengthen their naval force on Lake Ontario, is such a 
vessel as I think wo ought to have there : whercforo I must desire that when 
you arrive at Oswego, you will direct the master buildor there to build one 
vessel of these dimensions, instead of one of the Erigantincs wo agreed on 
at New York. 
I must also desire that you will take the trouble of inspecting the building 
• of the vessel at Oswego, and giving such directions as you shall think ne- 
i ccssary for carrying on the same, or-for building a store-house for the naval 
stores, or for enlarging the wharf, and any 6uch other buildings as you find 
will be useful. # 

Such of your regiment as arjo ordered in detachments, I will endeavor to 
relieve with detachments frorn tho Independent Companies, as soon as possi- 
ble. : • < 

If you think that Captain Shirley's draft of the vessel may be mended by 
adding a few inches in depth or breadth, I leave it to your discretion to make 
that alteration. I am, &c : • 

■John Smyfh to William Alexander. 

Perth Ahbo7, March 29th, 1750. 

Sir — I have received your letter, and shall willingly assist Mr. Skinner all 
in my power, but I beliove he will not want it. If he should, as it is a mat- 
ter of consequence, I would advise a moro ablo assistant to be employed 
.than I am. 

I have within this day or two heard that Mr. Bailey, of the regiment late 
Sir Peter Halkottfo is arrested at Trenton, but don't imagine the action will 
bo prosecuted •'. Mr. Edmondson, of Col Dunbar's regiment, was somo timo 
ago arrested at New Brunswick, but tho person who brought the suit was 
bo frightened, tho next day, at what he had done, that ho paid tho cost and 
dropped the action. These suits were brought for enlisting servants. 

My youngest brother, named Lawrence, intends for the army. I shall 
send him up a volunteer in tho General's regiment immediately, and beg 
your interest with tho General in his favor, which will be at all times grate- 
fully acknowledged by, &c. 


' Colonel Peter Bcbojler, of New Jeriey. 



Jaraea Parker to the tame. 

Perttj Ambot, March 80th, 1750. 

Dear Sir— Lest through a multiplicity of business of greater conscquenco 
you may forget it, I take tho liberty to remind you of the promise you made 
mo of being serviceable to Mr. Lawrence Smyth, a young follow that waits 
upon you with this, and has a mindxo try bis fortune as a volunteer in Gen. 
Shirley's regiment 

Ho is a young fellow that has little dependence but on his friends ; and if 
they had not neglected doing what I think their duty towards him, I make 
no doubt but that ho would have had a commission before now, as I am con- 
vinced that ho is as fit for it as others that are greater favorites of fortune. 
But as I suppose you will hear moro of him from other hands, and hurry of 
business will hardly admit of your reading this, I 'shall conclude by repeat- 
ing your promiso, which was, that you would be a friend to him if it lay in 
your power and he deserved, which is tho footing I now put it upon. May 
all your undertakings bo attended with success, and may you long live to 
enjoy tho blessings of peace, is tho hearty prayer of, &c. 


John Window to William Shirley. 

Camp at Lake Georoe, August 2d, 1750. 

Sir— Your Excellency's favor from New York, of the 20th of July, I re- 
ceived the last evening, with an account of tho information given to Lord 
Loudoun, in these words, viz: " that you and other officers of the Provin- 
cial troops under your command, have declared that, in caso you Bhould be 
joined by tho regular troops, in your march to Ticondcroga, for the reduc- 
tion of Crown Point, you would withdraw your troop3 and return home, or 
to that effect," and your Excellency's great surprise at so mutinous a declar- 
ation, and concern that it had gained credit with his Lordship. 

These fads, were they true, would bo exceedingly bad ; but as all tho af- 
fairs I havo boon concerned in sinco I have seen your Excellency have been 
reduced to writing, and nothing dono on my part (or, I hope, by tho gentle- 
men concerned,) but what has been looked on by General Abercrombie, Sir 
Charles Hardy, Sir William Johnson, Colonel Webb, Governor Delancey, 
and the principal officers of the army, so far from being mutinous, that it 
has met with their approbation ; and with them I parted, and from them re- 
ceived all tokens of friendship when I left Albany on the 17th of July, and 
have pursued, 6ince, these plans then agreed on, without the least deviation, 
and not sensible of any thing criminal either, in deed or otherwise ; but 
which interpretation may bo maliciously made by far-fetched inferences of 
any thing urged in argument before thoso great men by designing persons, I 
don't know, but rest assured that it is impossible that thinking people* can 
believe that they would have countenanced any thing like mutiny. 



1 ; 





Your Excellency may remember that the day you left Albany when there 
was a convention of officers, and I had the honor to be present, the plan wa3 
settled that the whole of the Provincials were to proceed forwards, and to 
endeavor to remove the encroachments made by the French on his Majesty's 
territory, and that the regulars should pass the posts that we then occupied, 
and have a force at Fort William Henry, to assist or sustain us as occasion 
should require, which was then agreeable "to all concerned ; and in this sit- 
uation we remained till, the 14th, when wo made our grand march from 
Half-Moon: And being on my march, I received from Mr. Adjutant-Genoral 
Glazier a verbal order from General Abercrombie desiring my return to Al- 
bany, which I immediately oboyed, and left the army on march with our 
teams, &c, under the command of General Lyman ; and when I arrived at 
that place, was informed by the General that it was agreed that ono of- the 
regiments of regulars was to go on to Oswego, and that Colonel Webb was 
to take possession of the post at Half-Moon, Stillwater and Saratoga, and 
also of Fort Edward, when wo should bo able to rcmovo our stores from 
thence; and that tho Provincials must garrison Fort William Henry, and 
that while wo remained at tho Fort last mentioned we were to supply ' what 
workmen the engineers had occasion for, which I made no objection to, al- 
though I much better liked the first plan, after which tho inclosed question 
was put to me, which, after debating, I made the answer to annexed, and 
found no one L'ssatisficd with it I took my leave, and on tho 19th set out 
for the army. On tho 10th, overtook them at Saratoga, and on tho next day 
pursued our march to Fort Edward ; and on that day arrived with tho front, 
at tho Fort last mentioned ; tho rear, under General Lyman, tho next day, 
as several of tho carriages of the cannon were disabled, which we were ob- 
liged to repair, but finally arrived all safe. On the 21st, encamped. On the 
22d, called all tho field officers of that place together, aud according to my 
promiso mado General Abercrombie, laid before them the question men- 
tioned ; which they had under debate and consideration till the 24th, and on 
the 25th reported ; to a part of which a number protested. Of all these 
matters I send your Excellency copies. ' 

The whole transaction, as soon as endedj with a copy of my commission, 
I forwarded by Colonel Fitch to tho General, and also Sir Charles Hardy, 
and other Governors concerned in the expedition. Tho General's answer 
thereto I have not yet received ; nor has Oolonol Fitch returned. The grand 
•debate with tho officers in regard to tho junction, arises from tho general 
. and field officers losing their rank and command, which they wcro univer- 
sally of opinion they could not give up, as tho army was a proper organized 
body, and that they, from tho several Governments from whom these troops 
were raised, were executors in trust, which it was not in their power to re- 
sign ; and even should they do it, it would end in tho dissolution of tho 
army, as tho privates universally hold it, as one part of the terms on which 
they enlisted, that they were to be commanded by their own officers, and 
this is a principle so strongly imbibed that it is not in the power of man to 
remove it. 



Your Excellency is fully acquainted with the difficulty of governing new 
raised troops, which on my hands is doubled by these consisting of several 
different Governments, and put under different regulations by tho Govern- 
ments that raised them, and must necessarily conclude my task is no easy 
one ; and you may bo assured that I have nothing at heart but the King's 
service and the good of my country, which I certainly prefer to any applause 
or private advantago to myself, and could tho business be carried on, I 
Bhould not look upon myself as disparaged to servo under men of more 
knowledge ; and on the other hand, should I not freely open the difficulties 
which are so obvious and plain, to his Majesty's General, I should look upon 
myself as desorving the .gallows, as tho fate of this expensive expedition de- 
pends on theso matters, and must bo carried on by numbers. /\ ' 

Thus have I endeavored to set the facts in their true light ; and as no as- 
persion, that I know of, lays on me by those gentlemen before whom I have 
been heard and concerned with, I hopo your Excellency, so far from blaming 
my conduct in theso intricate affairs, that it will meet your approbation, and 
I obtain the samo favorable opinion from your Excellency this year, as I 
have hitherto had, and as should recommend me to your Excellency's 
friends, &c. 

We, on tho 24th, at evening, received three French deserters from Ticon- 
deroga or Carlton ; have sent your Excellency a copy of their examination 
at large, and also a return of our forces. On the 20th instac^ tho time I 
left Fort Edward, having before sent forward our heavy cannon. On that 
day marched with part of Colonel Plaistcd, Colonel Ruggles, and Colonel 
Wooster's regiments, to the amount of cloven hundred men, besides tho 
common guards, with powder, military stores, &c, arrived here that eve- 
ning, all well, and encamped. Tho next day examined into the state of af- 
fairs here, and found everything agreeable to my mind, and everybody (able) 
employed on two large sloops of thirty-six and thirty-seven tons — hope to 
launch them to-morrow; and shall then set on in repairing and fixing our 
battcaux, which arrive every day from Fort Edward ; have four large scows, 
and four bay boats, and ono lighter building by tho Connecticut people ; 
whalo boats at work on, yet still am fearful that wo 6hall bo retarded for 
want of water carriage. 

Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York and Rhodo Island provisions will, 
I expect, bo up this week. New Hampshire next; and should our two can- 
non and powder arrive in that time from New York, hope to make a move- 

Rhodo Island has mado an addition of ono hundred men to their quota ; 
and some gentlemen of consequence from Connecticut assure mo theirs 
shall be completed. Our Government only, behind, who keep back almost 
one-third, which is a great miss. I wrote the speaker fully and plainly on 
that head. Should your Excellency be in Boston, doubt not but that tho 
men will bo immediately forwarded, and join us before we march. 

We, in the army, havo a great many down with fluxes, but few with fe- 
vers, or dangerous ; yet theso distempers weaken us. I proposo to send for 

\lf ! 

. . — . 








tho Rhode Island regiment in & day or two ; and for the rest, gradually, till 
we oro complete, and draw off thoso below, as their provisions remove. 

Colonel Burton with the regulars are encamped at Ealf-Moon and Still- 
water, and their head-quarters, at present, at Saratoga ; and I don't discover 
any discontent between us and the regulars who are concerned, but wo ami- 
cably assist each other to forward the service. 

I have sent Lord Loudoun a return of bur forces, as I had before done to 
General Abcrcrombie, and acquainted him with our situation ; though not 
meddled with tho scandalous ^Jew York report,as I apprehend I am sup- 
posed not to know it; and question not but tho gentlemen mentioned at Al- 
bany will sot me right with his Lordship, whoso commands I shall, agree- 
ably to my commission from your Excellency, ever obey. 

Since I left Fort Edward, Colonel Angel is returned to that place with 
three hnndred men, from reconnoitcring South Bay, Wood Creek, 4c, but 
made no discovery ; ^either have wo heard anything of tho enemy since our 
being at this placo ; though, a few days before, two men were killed within 
a hundred rods of tho Fort Captain Rogers with forty men, and Captain 
Lcurner with sixty men, aro now going on a scout, to reconnoitre the land, 
and make discovery on tho west sido of the Lako ; cd, if possible, find a 
road for our march. Havo not yet finished fortifying our camp, but ^o 
days more, hopo will complete it; and when done, shall bo more busy with 
scouting parties. 

I presumo I havo tried your Excellency; shall therefore add no more 
than to assure your Excellency that I am, 4c. 

[In September, 1750, Mr. Alexander visited England and Scotland with 
tho view of prosecuting his claim to tho Stirling titles and estates. He re- 
mained there until 1701, and during this period his correspondence relates 
principally to tho business that took him abroad.] 



The Earl of Stirling to William Pit t.' 

, .: Portugal Street, Orosvener Square, (London,)) 

July 11th, 1700. } 

Sir — The business at which I did myBelf the honor to call on you this 
morning, is, in short, this : Mr. Shirley, being appointed Commander-in- 
Chief in North America, with every usual power from the Crown for carry- 
ing on its service, judged it necessary to establish a naval force on Lake On- 
tario ; for which purpose ho ordered a number of sailors, carpenters, saw- 
yers, diggers, sail-makers, smiths, and other tradesmen, to bo engaged to 
go to Oswego, to effecbtho necessary work. A proper number of them 
were with great difficulty engaged to go, on condition that in case they 

» . 

• Afterwardj Earl of Chatham, then Secretary of State, and Prime Minister, 



should bo taken prisoners by the enemy, their wages should go on during 
their captivity, and until their return to New York. During Mr. Shirley's 
continuance in tho command, thoy wcro regularly paid their wages, and be- 
foro ho loft tho command he ordered their wages to bo settled up to tho 24th 
of* August following, supposing that a reasonable timo for their getting home 
after their finishing tho business he had employed them In. 

On Mr. AbercrombHo's arrival, ho ordered all these men to bb continued 
in employ at Oswego, in order not only to finish tho vessels already ordered 
by Mr. Shirley, but to build another brigantinoof 14 guns. On Lord Lou- 
doun's arrival, a few weeks after, he approves of tho works going on at Os- 
wego, and orders tho workmen to be continued in tho prosecution of it. 
Very soon after, viz: on tho 14th of August, Oswego was taken, and most 
of theso peoplo taken prisoners, carried to Canada, and from thenco to 
Franco; and about the latter end of Lord Loudoun's command, some. of 
them returned to New York. On applying to his Lordship for their pay, 
due, he desired to know who they had contracted with. They answered, 
General Shirley and his agents; and to them, his Lordship said, they might 
apply for their pay. 

Mr. Abcrcrombio succeeded his Lordship in tfio command; they applied 
to him, but he, having tho precedent of his, Lordship, would not meddle 
with tho matter, but promised to writo to the Ministry for instructions about 
it Tho men remained without any recompense. On Mr. Amherst's coming 
to the command, applications wero made to him, and I believe ho wrote to 
the Ministry about it Ho has sinco seen the real hardships tho peoplo have 
labored under, and that tho want of payment of such just debts of tho 
Crown has. been a detriment to tho service in that country, as it occasioned 
a want of confidence in the Crown. Mr, Amherst is very willing to do them 
justice, but as it passed two of his predecessors, he is desirous to have some 
instructions from henco for his justification. 

I would not havo troubled you, Sir, with this matter, as I know all money 
matters properly belong to tho Department of tho Treasury, or to tho Pay- 
Masters ; but tho Treasury excuso themselves by sending the applicrs to 
them back to the General in America, and he, for reasons beforo mentioned, 
waits instructions from henco. Thus you see, Sir, that tho matter being 
once thrown out of tho common channel of business, thero is an absolute 
noccssity for tho Ministry interposing to bring it intodt again ; and I believe 
all that is necessary is a few lines to Mr. Amherst to desire him to appoint 
proper persons on tho spot to inquiro into and report to him the just dc~ 
mands of theso peoplo in ordor for payment 

Believo mo, Sir, this affair not only ,hurt3 tho credit of the Crown in 
America, but has brought almost to ruin a number of worthy peoplo who 
left good business, purely to serve the Crown, when none else could do it 
I am, 4c. 


Richard Pet&rs to tba Earl of BtlrUoj. 

, Philadelphia, Nov. 1st, 1761. 

Mt Lord — Tho' gentlemen Commissioners join with me in returning 
thanks to your Lordship for your obliging letter about the astronomical 
quadrant We shall send one of our Surveyors for it who will bo able to 
understand its construction, and how to put the parts together, as well as 
the uses of it, after ho has once heard your Lordship explain the instrument 
to him. 

If tho instructions are not with tho instrument, I fancy they must have 
been brought by your father to tho Council of Proprietors at Amboy, and 
left there. It is certain that thero are a great many papers and certificates 
somo where or other, which camo with tho instrument, and it would bo a 
great misfortune if they should not bo found. 

Tho Commissioners have adjourned to the first of ApriL To-day it is ex- 
pected that tho Surveyors will have finished tho radius and determined tho 
:tangcnt-poiut on the circle, as it has been found by calculation. I am, &c 

Henry Drammond to the tamo. 

. London, Dec. 12th, 1761. 

Mr Dear Lord — I could not omit this opportunity of inquiring after j?our 
health, which I was very sorry to hear by a letter from Monse was not so 
well as I could have wished. - 1 hope you found Lady Stirling and all your 
family well. I havo not time to write you any politics, and refer you to 
what I wroto Monse, 

You will have heard before this reaches you, that all thoughts of an ac- 
commodation is at an end, and that not only a continuation of tho French 
war, but likowiso ono with Spain, is unavoidable. This, you may easily 
imagine, has fallen the stocks lower than ever they were, even in the timo of 
tho Rcbcltion not excepted, and consequently the scarcity of money greater 
than ever was known. Three per cent's aro at 03, and it is the opinion of 
most people they will greatly lower. * * * * * 

My dear Eliza* begs her kind compliments, and joins mo in the samo to 
Lady Stirling and tho young Ladies. All your friends on this side of tho 
water often remember you in tho kindest manner, and all hope you will bo 
hero by tho time your affair comes on in tho House of Lords. I am, &c. 

i Richard Pcteri to the tune. 

Philadelphia, 6th April, 1762. 
i Mv Lord — On Saturday, and not before, the letter from Mr. Hampton, of 
the 26th of March, copy whereof is on the other side, was left at my house. 

• See note "Life of Lord Stirling," p. M. ' '. 




It seems to me that tho very best way would be to buy off the Elizabeth- 
town and New Britain rights — since nothing can be done at law with them 
— for £20 or £80 per hundred, as Hampton writes, and then I can have 
£8,000 for the tract as it is. 

I really do say that Mr. Lardner and I both thought ourselves clear from 
any offers or treaty about it made by Mr. Hampton on behalf of any of tho 
people of New York, You see in what manner tho letter is wrote ; as if I had 
not given them my concluding answer, which I really did In declaring that I 
would not take ono shilling less than £4,600 for tho tract In its present con- 
dition, and in Hampton's saying he would not give it, nor nobody else. 

As for tho rioters and tho claims, such is the looseness of the law, that an 
expense would accrue, and as fast as one is driven off, another comes on. 
It is an endless expense. 

Mr. Lardnor and I aro both extremely uneasy that our multitude of busi- 
ness will not suffer us as yet to sit down and separate what is sold from tho 
unsold; but it shalfbo dono when his affairs will admit his being In town 
long enough. In the mean time, my Lord, from what passed between you 
and me, I find myself entangled about this swamp tract, which I foresee 
will be cut to pieces unless somo determination is forthwith taken. 

I will not answor Mr. Hampton's letter till next post, when I hope I shall 
hear from you. 

My Lord, Mr. Lardnor and I would bo glad to raiso a sum of money out 
of this tract for tho Proprietors. If we can't soil it for its value, we would 
likowiso prcservo tho utmost honor with respect to any conversation with 
.your Lordship ; and what to do in this embarrassment, I cannot tell. Fa- 
vor us with your sentiments and advice, and you will oblige us. I am, Ac. 

Jonathan Hampton to Meurt. Peten and Lardoer. 


» ' Ellzabethtown, March 25th, 1762. 

Gentlemen — This day I received your favor, the duplicate of tho 13th of 
February last I let Mr. Parker know the contents of tho first, last Friday 
at Amboy, where I was to havo ejectments entered in tho Supreme Court 
against four Swarapiers (?) turned to tho Now Brittainniers, when at the Jamc 
time the New Brittainniers entered ejectments against many in that neigh- 
borhood, and against one that wo ejected who talked of coming over to us 
again, which caused them to eject him. They are survoying it and selling 
rights every day. They ask but twenty pounds a hundred, and for some 
thoy ask ten — by which they havo raised a largo fund, and arc determined 
to try it on this tract I expected, by your letter last fall, you would havo 
wroto to Mr. Ogdcn about it some'timo ago. 

' Mr. Livingston & Co. was speaking to mo about it tho other day, to know 
if you concluded to lot them havo it They were much alarmed by this 
now mob of gentry, who, after fifty-nine years of fruitless struggle, now 
threaten harder than ever. Gentlemen, perhaps you don't cast up the con- 






tents of this tract right ; for Mr. Penn, when last here, sold a tract to ono 
Tichonor, of 1100, and a tract of Mr. Allen's of 500, run 28 chains upon it. 
This may also cause a dispute, for 850 acres; but they will pay you £400, 
and take it by tho surrey, bo it moro or less. Or, if you will warrant the 
whole bounds of the good right and quit the pine, they will give according 
to your last letter to mo about it— that is, pay you £4,500 inWay next. I 
beg your immediate answor, for May will bo hero soon. At this, no person 
knowing tho real difficulties, I will warrant, will gi7e more. I am, &c. 

Henry Clinton to tho Earl of Stirling. 

Loxdon, November 22, 17C2. 
Mr Deab Lord — Was J not assured of your Lordship's friendship for me, 
it would bo necessary for mo to mako many apologies for tho trouble I am 
going to give you ; but I know how unnecessary that would be. I wrote to ' 
"your Lordship last year upon a subject of great consequence to myself, but 
fear that cither that letter was not delivered to you, or yours in answer mis- 
carried. As tho first may bo tho case, I will mention tho purport of it It 
was to inform your Lordship of tho situatidn I was left in by my father, 
who by somo mistake (for I cannot conceivo ho intended it,) Instead of leav- 
ing some littlo fortuuo, obliged mo by his will to pay $1,500 I had borrowed 
of him, and for the present loft mo nothing but a claim on Government, 
which I havo hitherto made nothing of, and somo old parchments which I 
hope by your Lordship's assistance will bo moro to my advantage. A letter 
I received last year from Messrs. Tappendor and Torvey, with proposals 
from their correspondent, Mr. Isaac Mann of Now York, occasioned my first 
letter to your Lordship," and tho favor I havo to ask of you is that you will 
givo yourself tho trouble of inquiring of Mr. Mann the price he will givo 
for tho lands ho seemed desirous of purchasing. lie was misinformed of 
their quantity, as it appears from tho patent they were two thousand acres 
granted to John Ayscough, and sold by him "to my father, as thoy arc re- 
corded In tho Secretary's office, Lib. Conveyances, commencing 20th of 
June, 1750. . I must beg leave to refer you to Mr. Banyar, an that office. I 
must also beg your Lordship will bo bo good as to give me your opinion of 
tho valuo of the lands, and advice whether I should sell them or not. - 

I find likewiso among my fathoms papors, grants to Jacobus Bruyn and 
George Murray, for 4,000 acres, conveyed by them to John AyBcough, and 
by htm to my father, and recorded in tho samo book with the 2,000 acres. 
As I havo drafts of each, I beg to refor you to them— if they ire not exact, 
you will forgive It, as I supposo it is no great consequence. Your Lordship 
will infinitely oblige tne If you will let mo receive your commands as soon 
as possible. I set out for Bath to-morrow to recover of a wound received 
last campaign in Germany. If your Lordship should havo commands of 
your own, you will do me tho justice to believe I Bhall obey them with tho 
greatest pleasure, I am, A-c, • 

P. 8.— If Mr. Mann is still inclined to purchase, I should bo glad to know 
his terms, and your Lordship's opinion. 





lefo ffpfg |iS||IS| 



:■■■ hm 

; 'No."'2.' ji ' 1 



i '^P^9^^««H^'l9th,lW4.; ; 


• I 

•■' j ■: U : i tit \at teTij ... -„y i , :r ^ rTTi/ „ w ^, p«r-«ii ; -,. 

ThUb«ij^.th.flday;appoint«dib J ' l the:aMreal butting of the Society Ahm • 
members convened in the. City Han at 12 o'clock,^ and;ths Chair was 
taken J>y Jhe Hop. Jaius Paster the first ViceProklent. 

' M T S' min, f! e f I 5 f ***** ***** W. '*«*• bj the Recording Secretary, 
Mt.'David AJHatw, and approved.^ }i : ■ l^vaijf jc ^'Tr'i^ 

ffi5!S&^%? ^"^P 011 ^? Secretary, submitted' «vwal 'letten 
rweivedjitace the last meetings among them being letters from Rer. Gso. J. \ 

i ™"S. rr. NoMrt HAUTro;E6q., acknowledging their election as 
T^v' ^^I i ^ 8o ^^ P ^^«^theReg^tsoftherjniTef. 
sity of New York,'andthe Antiquarian' Society at Worcester, acknowledging .^ 
theneeipt of -the Society's publications J from M. Alexandre Vattemarv<5 
S,S KDDT I\ *$ S * fcret * , 7 of Smithsonian Institution, and Caleb 
V. Hilstcd," Esq, of K Y., aeccompanylng donations , from Rer. George - 
Hale, of Pennington, O.S. Stryker.Esq, of Blawenburg.Hon JaTed Sharks, 
i . R. Quicks, and othors, in relation to the Society's operations. ' ,{? 

Mr. Whitehead also reported that he had completed the duty assigned to • •' 
hlmin relation to the papers of Governor Belcher ; copies, ex'teta and ab- 
stracts of more than 650 letten baring been obtained He submitted a 
specimen of 4he work, and stated that a further-examination bid confirmed i 
tho opinion he had before expressed/that tho papers were a most rateable 
addition to the historical materials of the 8tate, • Should these papers be > 
published. by the Society iha fom 'corresponding with thoseof Governor 
Aiorns, a considerable quantity of biographical matter in the possession of a 
gentleman of Boston would be placed at the disposal of the Society. It gave 
^pleasure to acknowledge his obligation* toThecdoro Russel Jenoks, 
»W of Boston, an honorary member of the Society, for the active part he 
naa taken In supervising the copying c/the papers. " " • 








MEzmraia TXEjrroN. 



: f 



I "f'i - 


1 1 

The Librarian, Mr. S. H; Conoar, reported donations received sinco May^ 
the whole number o£ additions to the library since the last meeting being 00 
volumes, 118 miscellaneous pamphlets, 2 maps, and 88 historical and popu- ' 
lar engravings. He reported that the books had all been stamped with the 
name of the Society, and that notwithstanding the exposed position of the 
library, at times, since its foundation, he was not aware that more than two 
or three volumes were missing,- JFba present arrangements would probably 
prevent any future appropriations by unscrupulous borrowers. 

Mr. J axes Ross, the Treasurer, reported a balance in the Treasury of 
|4S7.06, but nearly an equal amount was flue for the printing of the Peri- , 

' r 


cal of the Society ; and thero were arrearages due fi 
.to tM68.D £o J ]; ) J J UKIvk i L I 

from members amount- 

'< J 

Bev. Dr. Mukray .submitted -the report of the Executive Committee,. 
briefly reviewing the progress of the.8ociety during the year. The Period- ./ 
ical had been continued with its usual variety of interesting matter. As 
years pass away, the papers which it contains and the matter it preserves 
will be of increasing vaiuo to the historian and antiquarian, and greater pat- 
ronage wes due to it >m tho people of the State, especially from those 
interested in its past and. future. :The Society's library how consists 'of ' 
1811 bound volumes, -and 11078 pamphlets, .with maps, paintings and 
pictures of much historical importance. There are now upon the roll three 
hundred and nintUm resident members, of vthomfcrty-tieo ore members 
for life, by the payment of twenty dollara.into the. Treasury. lit had been I '. 
found necessary to omit tho September meeting oX the Society, in conse- 
quence of the Committeo being unable to secure papers to be read thereat : 1 
The report concluded .with appropriate reference ito the deaths of the Hon.. . 
Mahlon Dickcrcon, Col Isaac Baldwin, and Hon. James 6. King, members 1 1 
of the Society ; end in relation. to the latter it was stated that, - 1 ■ ■ . . ••'., ' . 

•'Since tho organization of the Society it has met with no more severe- 
lost than .that which has befallen it in the sudden death of its third Vice- S 
President, Mr. King. Ho was ono of its earliest members, was rarely ab- .0 
Bent from its meetings, and its eealous, enlightened, prudent, generous, we I 
might say, its enthusiastic friend. Ho was no more upright as a merchant .T 
or ibanket^-no , more honorable as a publio man — no more generous as a 
private citizen— than he was xealoua as a member of this Society, i Although ' 
an adopted citizen of .our , State, it is doubtful whether he has left any be- i 
hind him more keenly alive to all its high interests— no one who contrib- >. 
uted sojrenerously to collect the materials for its future history. . .Wherever <A J 
else, the works. of , time. may obliterate the traces of his name" and services, '>■•■ 
they should W preserved on i the records of the New Jersey Historical So- : ; 

Dr. Mtnuuv, from the Qommittoe on Publication*, reported that since the liil 
I* 8 * feting of- ,fte Society the first j number of the seventh volume Of ihe aft 
"Proceedings" had been published, containing Bev. Mr. Tuttle's ^Memoir-* tl 

of Colonel Winds,? and other valuable matter, -and bringing downthe trans- ! 
actions to the present time. . ..,-. * 1™™$%?, 

The Common Council of the city of Newark having acquiesced fcvtk. ; 
proposed publication of their records, dating back to the •eWem.mtto IM" 
and appropriated a liberal sum towards it, fte copy w„ beUmXt fte 
expense of the. ^preparatory thereto; and fte Committee* wtre *£* 
to proceed underfte resolution of the Society adopted May IJS, %$ \ 
which aothorued the issuing of a volume of "Collections," conffi tho ' 
records, so soon as the necessary funds are placed at the dispwsUf the n 
Committee by private subscription' or otherwise. , . ^^ - ' 

The attention of the.Society was also drawn tothe proposed publication •> 
of the Analytical Index to the New Jersey Papers to the EngM fiStim. A 
which is new complete. The Legislature having authorized I » wbwipnW- ' 
on the part of ft. State for as many copies as $500 will pay for, J22S 
both proper and wise to proceed at once with its publication, particulariya. 
the character of the work will necessarily require some tim< , to be CXpSS 
- m preparing! for the press, and in editing it judiciously so that'iVmiy be 
made as useful and comprehensive as possible. . ■ ^i m ... 

The Society could never bo more efficiently employed to advancing the 
oojects it was organized to secure than when facilitating ft e researches c° ' 
local and general, historians by placing within their reach, to printed vol- ' 
umes, original authentic materials; and the Contemplated volume,' should it 
be made to include references to documents on this aide of fte Atlantic as ' 
well as in England, would be of great Value by directing tothe sources of ' 
information, as well as by conveying, in the summary given of fte contents' " 
of each paper, much that can be available at once. . 1 

The Committee, therefore, proposed for the action of the Soeiety fte fol- 
lowing resoluUon, which was adopted: " 

SaoUfa That fte Committee on PubUcations be authorized to issue 
another volume of " Collections," containing an Analytical Index "to docu- 
ments referring to tho History of New Jersey in the English Archived aid ' 
other depositories, as soon as they may foci warranted by fte\8tate7f'fte^ 
treasury; adopting such measures for the editing of fte voluWas ihev ,' ''S 
may deem advisable. * '*T J 

■ ■ . ■ ■■ ' ' / ' 

A letter was read from Arches Gittohd, Esq., of the Committee charged 
with collecting biographical information respecting distinguished JersevmenX 
stating that what had been said at fte last meeting of Dr. Peter WflsonTat 
ono time Professor of Languages in Columbia College, New York— a mem- 
ber of tho New Jersey Legislature— reviser of fte statutes, Ac, has elicited ' 
further information, and he hoped at another meeting to present a mora 
perfect biographical sketch of that gentleman, and In fte meantime he would 
be glad to receive communications from any members who might be in pot- ' 
session of any facta respecting his career. 

Mr. WHrrnr*Ai>,.from tho Committee charged with the management of 
the Colonial Document Fund, reported that tho remaining portions of fte 




**wnra r^ Tjutatox 


j; 1 

l Hi r T . 

-}■?.■ I 




I' i 

Analytical Index to the' Now Jersey Documents in the English ' Archives 
had been received from Mr. Stevons, the Society's Agent, so that the work 
is now. complete, excepting tho transcribing of some Of the' slips or titles, to 
corw^nfl.lritbthoMplreTiotWj'reoelved. '■ r 

A letter from Mr; Stevens was also submitted, : which presented his TieWB 
in relation to the publication 'of the Index, 'and as the object for Which the 
Committee was appointed had been thus secured, they respectfully asked to 
be discharged— first submitting for the action of the Society the following 
resolution;.-:.-: '■ .-.V;'--' ■ .'■ '; ■ ''■ 

Baolved, That the* slips or titles of documents received from Mr. Henry 
Stevons bo transcribed; under the direction of the Secretaries SO as to cor- 
respond whh those" previously recerred. ' v : 
"Which was adopted, and the committee discharged. ; 

Mr. Ditbtee said,' that in consequence of the' lamented death of Mr. King, 
the duty had devolved upon him' to 'iurnidh a report from the Committee on 
' thSFfre-Proof Building. 

Immediately after the meeting at Newark "last May, tho Committee ad- 
dressed circulars to the mpi .'er3 and 'others interested,' desiring their ac- 
tive' cooperation!' Jfr/Ktng e^^ application by ,4 subscription him- 
self; of. 1600,' to "00 repeated if nwieflsary^ttus sbbwing'how deeply he was 
tobbTc^W'.ln the 'puc^ess 'of .this enterprise. ^He^regretted; to report that 
thdse patriotic purposes; had mfi^buV K 1|n^ti^'r^p^n^'an4 only 'fbW sub- 
Bm^tra^'fiB^^ab^^^^^^d^laad^^n^b^^^- A few of the members 
replied 'to v the 'circulars, expressing a' (desire to assist (the undertaking, but 
up to this time, very little devotion has been given to the' work. . ' A 'suitable 
sito can be obtained at a reasonable price,and If not secured now, an op- 
portunity will be lost which will not offor again, of a, location so entirely 
adapted to the purpose of the Society! and an' effort now would insure this , 
important result The Committee, therefore, urged immediate action, and 
a hopo was expressed that a sufficient amount would be contributed at once 
to make sure; at least, of the rite for the building, 'it might not bo out of 
plaeo to indulge'on t the'irreparabio loss the.Society had suffered in the de- 
cease of the Chairman of the Oommltte, Every interest of the association 
was dear to him, and yet if any one consideration was more so than another, 
it was this of procuring & suitable and Becure deposit for the 'archives of the 
Society; and with; the hope that' tho savor of such Influences' might carry 
tho enterprise forward successfully and speedily, the Committee submitted 
their report ; N 

The deaty ! of Messri'Dl<ierBon , 'and King having occasioned two vacan- 
cies .in this Committee,' they were 'filled by the appointment of the ifpn 
Wml P. Robeson and HonDudloy S, Gregory. r$y? 

The Committee on Nominations having reported favorably upon names of 
soveral gwUemen, «now members, they were "duly elected. 



noqrrra ©SjPjraciujffis^Messrs. TT. A, Whitehead, Dr. Isaac i 

ford, 8. Aloften, Samuel H. Cpngar and Rev. Dr. Davidson. 
5 -sJ^S^Si^felSWrr^frwi.^: ?, Bndl.ey,,Dr.S. 1 Congar h Rev 

Samuel fetarf, JoiuyB^gers and Dri Lewis' Condict ' 

ft&ES? °^™^ M ^' » * *>«. f^jfl. IW- »d 

■rwT" ¥ ^^^ h Khkpa,trick.'and. Dr. Coogar were appointed a 
: B^fcaPNyfwIl^ ensuing year, who wfcJEXy^ 

i ported the following, who were thereupon elected j ' ■ 

Fob Pwaporr— Joswh C.Howiwowxr, LL D 

VWJW^^n^Hon. J ^« p wker»!Hw..6Wcy-«- .Po^'fion. 

■'SA--' o ' • ••"-" - "„a 

F oa Coaaxsroswao Sscrctabt— William A. Whitehead. - 

Fob Excordwo 8soRxiA*r—DaTld A* Hayes. . , • 

Fob LoK4au»-^Sam«el H. Congar. 7- 
: " i'B TaaAsratB-7-James Ross. 

Fob Exkottvx CuKHma— Archer Gifford, Esq., Re T , NichoU Murray 
SeWSSS S?W Pon. Daniel HaW Hon. Henry W.Qmi 
Richard a Field *g Rev George W f Doane, RD,, LVD, Uo0} ^ B 
D. Ogden, and Rev. Ravaud K. Rodgers. ' 

The Society then took a recess untfl. 8 o'clock,'P t M. 


. 'i •' . 


• K '• 

; At 8 P. Mthe Society .re-assembled, most of the members' of the Legisla- 
ture and public functionaries being present-Governor Pjuci oecupym* a 

seat with the President 

•■ , ... ■ . . ■ 

Dr.; Mtojut,. referring to the fact made known in the morning .that' the 
arrearages duo from members exceeded l% t itX>, and to the urgent Dec^ajty 
tnat called for.exertlon'to raise funds for th'e;flro' proof buDdipg, lobuvitied 
, \h* following resolution, wtych was adopted : .' , . 

Rttclttd, That the'Treasurtr take measufes to collet the outstandig 
and unpaid dues of fte Society, ind that'th(? amount collected bi appro- 

'Mr; WnrrsniUD remarked tha^ the' annals' of most 
i, ,*?"^? contain the'record of particular voyagesor enterprises,' b^ripg 
Ipecial .relation to .their ty settlement, and important bcarf^p\^eir 


■ -- -— r~«HTTMg 









I | 




subsequent history. The names of some of the vessels employed, like the 
"'May Flower" of the Pilgrims, and the "Half Moon" of Hudson, have 
attained a notoriety which have Hindered them household words in their 
respective districts.' ' Within a few years some interest had been taken by 
Jerseymen, in perpetuating the name, of the bark which brought to our 
shores the first Governor with his small band of emigrants, the pioneers of 
those who came directly to the Province from Great Britain, and it was 
probable that "the good ship Philip" would, in time to come, receive due 
notice from all our local chroniclers. 

But there was another vessel, the record of whose voyage Was calculated 
to excite our warmest sympathies and regrets, and he purposed presenting 
to the Society some notices of the circumstances connected with the incep- 
tion and prosecution of the undertaking. He alluded to the " Henry and 
Francis," on board of which the adventurous George Scot embarked in 
1685 with his . unfortunate arid oppressed countrymen, for Fast Jersey. 
Every student of our history must nave felt interested in bim, whoso 
"Model of the Government of East Jersey" contains so much valuable 
matter, referring to the early settlers of the Province, who cherished such 
high anticipations of happiness ibr himself and others, from emigration, but 
who lived not to realize them, and some particulars respecting him might be 
acceptable.' '•* -\ 

He then read a paper, ' embodying an account of the voyage 'of the 
" Henry and Francis," with sketches of Bome of her passengers, a copy of 
which was, on motion, requested for publication. 
/ . . , . 

The Hon. Jacob W. Miller then delivered the Annual Address, his sub- 
ject being "The Territory of New Jersey: its natural position, power and 
wealth." ?;.';; ' , 

On motion of Mr. Hates, it was 

Xttohed, That tho thanks of the Society bo tendered to the Hon. Mr. 
Miller for his valuable and interesting address, and that ho bo requested to 
place a copy at the disposal of the Committee on Publications. 

Chtef Justice Green remarked, in substance, that the Society needed not 
to be reminded that since their last meeting they had lost one of thoir num- 
ber, whose place there was none to fill ; that although it was not the time or 
the place for an extended eulogy, yet it was fitting that the Society Bhould 
place.on record some attestation of the regard they entertained for James 
G. Kwo. Ho alluded to his eminent position as a banker, the high reputa- 
tion of his house being proverbial on both sides of the Atlantic ; his useful- 
ness, arid the success which marked his career as a member of Congress 
J ''from New Jersey, the devotion with -which he attended to hVduties as a 
citizen ; that although not born in New Jersey, with nls faaiily connections 
elsewhere and his business elsewhere, no one could havo more zealously pro- 
moted tho best interests of the State, sustained its benevolent institutions 
more generously,' or attended more assiduously to the calls upon him as a 
neighbor and friend. In his official visits to' the county of Hudson many 

—————— j- *, mt¥m M || >< , IWW|M( ,| > ,| 

•'Mttrcto'nc-^ruirTO.T ' ($ 

•opportunities had been offered 'him of observing how carefully Mi ^Kinjr 
discharged his' Obligations' to the community in which he resided. •'- His con- 
nection with the Society bid efer been oT the'most effective character.' He 
-referred not so tooch to the liberal pecuniary aid he had extended to its de- 
- serving objects, u' that might be* considered but the natural exhibition of his 
-^liberal spirit; mW his earnest Interest in its proceedings— hh'active, cheer- 

• fal cc-operation at 'all times with those who bore the burdens of the Society. 
^Bor' these and various other reason* which would occur to the minds of the 

• tnemberi; it was proper that they should evince their high respect Tor his 

• character' and their deep sense of their loss, 'by the adoption of aoch resolu- 
tions*! itfght 'permanently record both.' He. then offered the *Ilowm<r 
resolutions: ' *■ ' ' '<..■'■'•• ,•/•.-••-.■..• .■, 

_ Booked, Thai the recent decease of the Hon. Jakes Gobs Kcro; late a 
: Vice' President or this Society, calls for an emphatic expression upon its part 
| of the sense it entertains of the distinguished character and •eterimi? merit 

• of tho deceased. •"■ »i»n«'.3 A; -•-■•.,<;../-. , •■ , .° 

.BwJwdVThat as members of this Society, 'we, in the first place, ac- 
knowlddge with grateful pleasure, the warm and efficient interest manifested 

• by the deceased b the success of the Society'. " And in an especial degree 
' do we acknowledge that hearty, generous and liberal support with which 

he has aided its purposes and objects fromthVWginhing. 
' ' Haol««d, •Thht in the eminent success of uie deceased in the Various do- 
' partmenta of life,' we witness but the natural result of his high Intellectual 
•' and moral worth. Characterized as he was,' by great pubHc spirit— pos- 
sessed of a mind highly cultivated and enlarged— marked by an especial 
' earnestness of character and directness of purpose, he has everywhere left 
; upon his ^temporaries In public and private lift, tiio imprcao of his power 
' and the benefit of bis noble 'example!. ; : .,.ii :.,■>. .• ; , .' 

Ifaohtd, That while as 'Jerseymen we entertain a just pride m the brief 
■ but eminently useful career of the deceased as' our representative fa the 
councils of the nation, his memory Is further honored and endeared to us 
by his kind spirit and liberal charities towards the benevolent institutions of 
bur State. We feel that as a public man, he was able and patriotic :' as a 
business man, he was energetic and wise : : as a private man, he was charac- 
terized by all the graces and virtues of a Christian gentleman. 

Hetohed, That the foregoing resolutions be entered upon the minutes of 
the Society, and that the Corresponding 'Secretary transmit a copy thereof 
to the family of the deceased ...... 

Tho resolutions were seconded by Bishop Doaitx, who said: 
Ma. President— I rise to second the resolutions, which have been so 
eloquently enforced by the Chief Justice of our State ; and I do so with a 
sorrowful and sacred pleasure. It is a pleasure,"' among the highest which 
our nature knows, to bear Its testimony to departed excellence ; and deeper 
fa proportion to the elevation'of Its virtues, and the comprehension of their" 
influence. ' But It mixes Itself with sorrow at the sense of their departure : 
' and we feel the woe, as we' recount the grace* which adorned the loved and 
lost To me, this is emphatically a sacred sorrow. I bore to our departed 


« \ 












friend -a relation the most sacred.' . At my last visit but one to the place of 
, his abode, and to {her church of his delight, I had :the satisfaction, which | 
. only Christian pastors know, -to administer to hjm for tho first, time, that ; 
. Holy .Sacrament, which is tho Christian's highest joy and most abiding con- 
solation. And one of the .very latest acts' of ibis beautiful lift; bo beautiful 
in piety, and ch?jity to all mankind, .w^a the inritation; on my next annual 
visit,- to the hospitality of his deli ghtfubhome, , Though but a short week 
' intervened between his messago and the enjoyment which if) offered i me, it 
overran his life; and,- before the Sunday same, I had discharged tho last sad 
offices of our religion, to all in him that t could be mortal. ,' You will feci, 
with mc, Mr. President, and members of this Society, when I odd my teqti- 
mony to that of our distinguished friend, who proposed the resolutions now 
\ before us. ■ Ho has sketched, with truth and power and beauty, tho public 
character of .our departed brother. I knew him rather in his private- lifo ; 
end I never knew a man who, in ill its offices and relations, was more to bo 
admired. Bis daily life was all instinct with charities and courtesies. An d 
. there was this ia him, which perfectly sustains us in our tribute to hi 3 mem- 
ory, that ail, who kn»w him, owned it, ,,, ; . \$ >,;-/:;..■• 

In Mr, King, we had a Jerseyman indeed. , Not born here, not connects 1 
- mn, not doing business here,' yet there was not one among us who bad our 
interests more, deeply ct his heart ; and I have' looked with admiration on the 
. man, "that, for two and twonty years, could kayo tho great commercial em- 
porium of our western world, ^.prestige of his position, and.the confidence 
. »»da*iu^on of jbis,fellow-cUu»ns, tq cast in.hls lot with usuwd be, in 
heart apd snub, in name and : yote, a Jjerseyman. , ; . ; > b 

,] Ur< 'President,. it was my privilego tnd -pleasure' to know > him well; to 
sbsjewUbhim In bis domestic* sabred joys; to mark the j dally f beauty of 
bis life ; to see him ripening and mellowing, for that glorious garner of our 
Ctod, (pwhl,ch, : too8ooniQrn^b^hM been taken. !Bu«v to attempt the full 
delineation of his character, would be, to you who know him, to fhll far be- 
low bis mark ; and to do him, with you who knew him not, a rank injustice. 
I leftvo his honorable name, and sacred memory, to you, in the apt words of 
our distinguished fellow-citizen, and close what I have now to say, in the 
inimitable Lingucgo pf an toimitaUp man— language, which all of you, who 
knew him, will allow, wu true to the Yery letter : 

: C ,\ 

1 . 

And iay to the world, faa wai a Wjl».» C 

The resoluttons/prere, tb^n adopted.; 

! wJT 

I S»lfo& ThAt, the jp J[crsey;fai^rieal j S.ociety; re^rds^thsesneoial 
.^th'pf the Hop.JlAnio* J)tafiaapii, lateameraberc^tbls So- 
I :H#^WjW ^wo *n private jifej and nefriptism, ^^ evin^"in;l^,nub^c»er- 
' -..' :- ; i ."'■1 V;.".T:f! j! v\ -;',;':.:. ;.' |t ;,'i ,. 1. -T -• : 

vices through a long series of years, will ensure the perpetuation of his 
name among those of the distinguished sons of New Jersey. 
■'■■'..<.-■. ■'' I ' 

The Society then adjourned to meet at NiwaJue on the third Thursday of 


... .,,,,■', 

Laid before ras Socixtt, January 19th, 18M. . 

' Trom M. AieuaJre YiUoire. 

. ■'■'■.■ Cestraj. Aosscr roa Istskutiohai. 

I„i Lit. Eicnx^oEs, 96 uvz ni Cuorr, 

1 ' Paris, June '28th, 1 86jj 

, ; .Ihus,:SiR-rf receiyed youx. lotter, of the 9th of thusjmontb^^rfth^the 
greatest gratification j for, receiving no reply to the two letters I wrcte to 
you since my return to Paris, I thought that your Socio tjywno was' one of 
the kindest and most constant friends to my system, wef since 1848, and 
who was the only medrum through which I was so ^ippy to communicate 
my .grateful feelings towards your good and noble State,' had ah>o withdrawn 
ita kindness and patronago from the bumble, but devoted to the last, mjs- 
Bionary of our great cause, of intellectual union of nations. You m*y there- 
fore, have an idea of my happiness on recognising your handwriting among 
the letters I received tho day before yesterday. , 
Will you be so kind, at the next meeting, as to present my respectful com- 

; plimenta to the members of the Society, and to assure them of my sincertst 
devotion to the interest and welfare of the Society, and that. they will al- 
ways find mo most happy to use my humble efforts to provido them with 
e^ery thin^g they may want in the prosecution of. their scientiflo labors for 
the promotion of knowledge, happiness and good will among the people of 
Now Jersey. All you have to do, is to let me know what you want I beg 
of you to believe, dear. sir, that nothing could shake the resolution I took, 
ever since my/ first rrisit to your State, to do every thing to serve it 
Whether my motives are or are not appreciated by .the present generation, 
pay perseverance, and my devotion to this good cause will last as long as it 
will please Divine. Providenco to keep mo this side of my grave, j 
You may baye, nad specimens of my . courageous perseverance. For, 

^evor.sirice.lBjSO, J wrote and transmitted many valuable .works to Trenton. 
InTebruary, f i§ol, I took the liberty of writing to his Excellency, the Gov- 

' eryor, trahimltting to him a copy of the Appendix to my Keport to Con- 
gress, informing him, at 'tho same time, (hatl had a number of valuable 
works, amounting to about 200 volumes,'" and that 1 was only waiting for 
bis orders to transmit them to America. But, alas, I received ho answer! 








lis j- 






wuuaammmtmMismmmmm mtmsmKaammmf^ 


No doubt my letter did not reach His Excellency. In 1852, daring my of- 
ficial visit to the Netherlands, at a public meeting in the University of Ley- 
den, I made an appeal to the personal and patriotic feelings of the Dutch 
towards the distant brethren of New Brunswick. ! This appeal was most 
cheerfully received. On the 18th of December, I addressed, from Amster- 
dam, to the honorable President of Rutgers College a case of books forward- 
ed to me by the Minister of the Interior of Holland, containing a scries of 
valuable Dutch volumes, the voluntary and personal contribution of profes- 
sors and private individuals of Leyden to their kindred colleagues of New 
Brunswick. . .•..,• .,-.*/-. .\ .'-..' •:•*. , ..;•*.. ; . * 

Now, my dear, sir, allow me to make, through you, an appeal to the pat- 
riotism "and liberality of the members of the Historical Society, to the Leg- 
islature and people of New Jersey to help to make their alcove in the Amer- 
ican library of Paris, already well provided, as complete as possible in works 
published in the State or about the State, from the most indifferent pamph- 
let to the most valuable publication. Let every one bring his stone for 
the erection of this splendid monument to the. genius of your great and glo- 
rious nation. No other motive, than the desire of showing America in all 
its beauties and merits^ stimulates my ardor in the formation of this library. 
Every true and patriotic American will appreciate my efforts, and at that 
time, hot very distant perhaps, whaa I shall bo no more, they will pay justice 
to my intentions, and say " he was a truly disinterested friend of our country." 
I beg of you, my dear sir, to inform, as usual, the Executive of the State 
of what you shall have received, through me, in the name of France, Belgi- 
um and Holland, tokens of friendship placed in the hands of the Society as 
" a new evidence of the good will of those nations towards New Jcreey, and 
for the promotion of knowledge among tho people of this State. For you 
know that the adopted rules of tho Agency for International Exchanges, 
prescribe that every thing must be done' through the Executive of tho 
States. And this is the reason why I would hot send you personally any 
thing in exchange for your own donations. But the result of your liberality 
' returns to your State ; Whence donors inscribe their names as public benefac- 
tors both at homo tad abroad. '■■'■'■ '' ( ' t; 
' With great respect, 

'Dear Sir, •' 
Your most devoted friend and humble servant, 


Joxr 8d.— The list of the worka, 80 in number, destined for the use of 
your Society, is here inclosed. The parcel containing these, worts wjll be 
forwarded this week. Among their number I would call respeotfulry your 
attention to ," Th* Unit eon '£riu»t}* or tho Declaration of Independence, 
a folio, document, contraining \hafae-timile of the members 'of the '.' Etats 
Generaux," assembled at Brussel on tho 9th of January,' 1^77, a moat valu- 
able document, accompanying the Proceedings and Resplutiona of Said As- 
sembly during the years 1576 and 1677. 




From 0. 8. Btr jker , E*j. 

Blawkhbuboh, N. J., June 18th, 1853. 
It is to be deeply regretted that tho Society should find it so difficult to 
continue tho publication of the Periodical ; it certainly must arise for the 
want of correct appreciation of the valuablo information which is conveyed 
to the public through its. columns. Much interesting and valuable knowl- 
edge in regard to the early history of our State and of the men who lived 
and acled f at that period, which, probably, never would have been known, 
is brought to light through tho instrumentality of the 8odety. The future 
historian and delving antiquarian will, doubtless, feel themselves greatly in- 
debted to the Society for the timely rescue from oblivion it made of tho 
comparatively UttU that is left of the history of New Jersey in past cen- 
turies. . In view of this important feet, it is much to be regretted, that fr^rj 
individual who has the honor of being a member of the New Jersey Histor- 
ical Society, does not feel the importance of contributing of his influence 
and means in aiding the Society in carrying out its original and legitimate 
object, and not suffer it to wasto its energies in a kind of pecuniary con- 
sumption. * • * • • 
With sentiments of respect 

I remain yours, 
. . . . . 0. S. STRYKER 

gtan&trs tfUrto 

• JANUARY 19m, 1854. 


Henry C. Carey, Burlingtim, . 
John R. Chapin, Newark, 
Rev. Jonathan F. Steams, D. D. Kevorl, 
Winslow L. Whiting, . " 

. William H. Maxwell, Feui York. 

James Lenox, Kev York. 

Announced Jantaey IStd, 1604. 

From the Eist. Soebtyof'PenntyhanJa-^Addresa -delivered .before .the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania^ at the Celebration of the iVOth ' Anni- . 
versary of the Landing of Penn, on the First ' Constitution, 'irid .'Govern- 
ment oTthe 8tate : of Pennsylvania. * By Robert T. Conrad. ' .' 

From the New Bedford City Library— First Annual, Report of the Trustees 
of tho" New Bedford City Library. ' City Document: ' New Bedford; 1853. 

FromSomiiel G, Drake—- The New England 'Historical aid Genealogical 
Register and Antiquarian Journal, for July, 1&B8. VoL VH,' No, 8 arid 
4, arid VoL-Vm, No. 1. 

From the Smithsonian Institution— Smithsonian Contributions td Knowl- 
edge. VoL V c .;". • 

From Thos. S. Allison— Ada of the Severity-seventh Legislature of the 
State of New Jersey, and Ninth under the New Constitution. 1853. 

From John R Burnet— Thirty-fourth Annual Report and Documents of the 
New York Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb to the 
Legislature of the State of New York :' for .the year 1852. 

American Annals of the Deaf and Dumb ; edited by Luzerne Rae, un- 
. der the direction of W. W. Turner of Connecticut, H. P. Peet of New 
York, I. S. Brown of Indiana* Executive, Committee. Vol. V. Nob. 1,2, 
8 and 4. October, 1852 ; Janriary,'i858 } July, 1858. 

Eulogy on Thomas Jefferson, pronounced at Richmond, July 11, 1826 : 
byJohnTyler. >' '. 

Speech of William Cost JohnsoD, on the Sub-Treasury Bill, Oct. 12, 

1887.- '■ ••■■'/"■' ; : ►.'.'». 

From the Department of 'State of the V. fit—Journal of the House of Rep- 
resentatives of the United States: being the First Session of the Thirty- 
second Congress : begun arid held in the"city of Washington, December 
1,1851. - , ; r,v - 

The Miscellaneous Documents of tho House of, Representatives, during 
the First Session of the Thirty-second Congress,, ■ 

Executive Documents) Thirty-second Congress, First Session. Vols. I 
II. (Part 1, 2 and 8.) .Ill, ,rvy(and Part »,) V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, 

xi, xii, xiii, xiv, xv; ' ' ■■' v 

The Miscellaneous Documents of the Senate of the United States, being 
the First 8ession of the Thirty-second Congress. 

Journal of the Senate of the United States of America,' being the First 
Session of the Thirty-second Congress ; begun and held in the city of 
Washington, December 1, 1851, In the Seventy-sixth year of the Inde- 
pendence of the United States. 


' 'i 




The Reports of, Committees of the Senate Df -the United States, during 
tho First Session of tho Thirty-second Congress, in two volumes. 

Executive Documents, printed by order of tho Senate of the United 
States, during the First Session of the Thirty-second Congress, 1851-2 : 
in 16 volumes. Vols. 1, 2, 8, 4, 5, 1 and Part 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 
14, 15 and 16. 

• Report^ of Committees of • the Houso of Representatives, ■ made^ 
tho First Session of i tho Thirty-second Congress. 

• Seriate Documents, First Session, Thirty-first Congress. ; 

Documonta printed by order of the Sentato of the United States, daring 
tho Special Session of tho Senate, begun and held at tho city of Wash- 
ington, March 4tb,J851. VoL 1 and 8. 

Report of a Geological Survey of Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota; and 
incidentally of a portion of Nebraska Territory. Mado under Instruc- 
tions from the United 'States Treasury Department By David Dale 

. Owon, U. 8. Geologist, 

LUustrations to the Geological Report of Wisconsin, Iowa and Minne- 
sota, Philadelphia. 1852. . 

From Peter Force— Supplement to " Grinnell Land." Read at tho ordinary 
moeting of the National institute. July, 1858. By Peter Force. 

From, the Regents , of ', N,- Y. University— Documentary History of tho 
StatoofNcw York. VoL 8 and 4. . 

Cataloguo of the Cabinet of Natural History of the State of New York, 
• and of the Historical and Antiquarian Collection annoxed thereto, Al- 
bany. 1853. 

Froni Richard S. Field — Address before tho surviving members of tho 
Constitutional Convention of the Stato of New Jersey. Delivered Febru- 
ary 1st, 1823, on tho occasion of their First Annual McctiDg. By Richard 
S. Field. 

From the Commissioners of the Patent Office— Patent Office Reports; or, 
Report of tho Commissioner' of Patents for the year 1851. Part I— Arts 
and Manufactures. Part II — Agriculture. ' Washington. R Armstrong. 
Printed 18C2. 

From Israel D. Andrews — The Report of Israel D. Andrews, Consul of the 
United States for Canada and Now Brunswick, on tho Trado and Com- 
merce of tho British North Amorican Colonics, and upon tho trado of tho 
Great Lakes and Rivers ; also Notices of tho Internal Improvements In 
each State, &c Ex. Doc No. 112. 82d Congress— 1st Session. And 
Maps. . 

From the American Philosophical Society — Proceedings of tho American 
Philosophical Society. Vol. 6. January-Juno, 1858. No. 49. 

From Pet. Nicholas Murray — Men and Things as I saw them in Europe. 
By Kirwan. New York 1858. 

From A. D. Bachc— Annual Report of the Superintendent of tho Coast 
Survey, showing tho progress of that work during the year ending 1851. 
With Maps. 







From Eon. Geo. E. Brown — The Congressional Globe, containing the De- 
bates and Proceedings of the Second Session of the Thirty-second Con- 
gress. . Tolumo 26th. And 

The Appendix to the Congressional Globe, for the Second Session, 82d 
Congre&Sr-contalning Speeches, State Papers, & c. 
From Benjamin F French — Historical Memoirs of Lousiana, from the first 
settlement of the Colony to the departure of Got. O'Reilly, in 1770 ; with 
Historical and Biographical Notes. Forming the fifth of the series of 
Historical Collections of Louisiana. ■ By Benjamin Franklin French. 
From Eon. J. W.Miller — The Congressional Globe; containing the De- 
bates and Proceedings of the Second Session of the Thirty-second Con- 
gress. " >• 
Appendix to the Congressional Globe for the- Second Session of 82d 
Congress. - Vols. 26 and 27. • : 

From Caleb 0. Ealttcd — The Documentary History of the State of New 
York, arranged under the direction of the Hon. Christopher Morgan, Sec- 
rotary of State. ByB.'O'Callaghan, M. D. .4 vols. Quarto. 
From R. Nicholt, Esq. — Speech of jHenry Clay on taking up his Compro- • 
miso Resolutions in Senate, February, 1850. : •■ 
A full Report of thoTrial of Dr. Achllli for Seduction and Adultery. 
From Geo. W. Eiggi— Tho Narrative of Alver Nunez Cabeca de Vaca. 

Translated by Buckingham Smith. Washington. 1851. 
From David "A. Eayea— Poll List of Totors in the township of Newark in 

18l2, 18, 14 and 15. . > 

From Jamet Lenot^Vojtgcs from Holland to America, A.|D. 1632 to * 
1644. By David Peterson do Tries. Translated from, the Dutch by 
Henry 0. Murphy. New York. 1853. 
From Belgium, France and Eolland, per if. Vattemare— Critical Obser- 
vations on the book entitled Conditional and Productive causes Of Ideas. 
By Gruycr/ Paris. 1848. ' 

On the Society of the Belgian literary men. Brussels. 1 849. 
On Spiritualism In the 19th century. By Guyer. i 
The Now Constitution of New York for 1847, with, a Commentary by 
Jottrant Brussels. 1847. 
Pantheon of usual Laws: Law and Regulation of the Superannuation 
..Fund. Brussels. 1851. ! 

Project of a Law on Patents. 

Project of a Law on Industrial Ownership. Brussels. 1852. 
Brief Refutation of tho extensive Report of the Committee of Belgian 
Patents. ' - » . 

Constitution of an Industrial Nobility, by means of tho Fabrication 
Marks. By Jobard. .Brussels. 1846. • 

Question of Flanders. Brussels. 1849. \ 

On tho means fit for restraining Syphilitic Disease. 1848. 
On the Structure and Disease of tho Conjunctive. [By J. Losen. 1816. 
Priority Patents. Project of a Law. j 1849. 
On tho Police for Deaths and Burials. Brussels. 1848. 

On tho means of Collecting and Employing Manure. By Schmitt 
Leige. 1850. 

Congress. of Economists, convened at Brussels. •,1847. j 
Congress of Public Hygiene. 1851. 

Establishment and Working .of a Public Slaughter-house at Ixelcs. 
I860. . .' : ... 

Inspection of Parish Roads. By Yergote,. Brussels. 1848. 

Practical Instruction for tho Construction of Sewers. Brussels! • 1 852. 

Measures of Public Hygiene.— Salubrious Works. Brussels; 1851. 

Public Hygiene. Parish of Besike. • 

Public Hygiene. | .Documents relative to the Cleaning of Insalubrious 
Places. Brussels. 1850. 

. On the Institution of Provision and _Mutual Assistance, Brussels. 
1847. .:':■' 

Furnaces of a New System. By Lambert Mons. 1845. 

Journal of Economists. Abstract by.Treaschling: Brussels. 1844. ; 

Biographical Notice on the Baron of Rciffenberg. By Treaschline 
Brussels. 1850. 

Biographical Notice on Gr. B. Craan. ' 

Bibliographical Researches on tho Prognostics of Time. 1 849. 

On the Influence of Marshes on Health and tho Duration of Life. 1848. 

On Taxes and their Relation with Agriculture. - 

Now Considerations on the Incomo Tax. • 

Historical Bibliography of the Statistics in France. 1851. 

Historical Bibliography of the Statistics in Germany. 1851. 

Essay on tho General Statistics of Belgium. 1844. 

Statistics of tho Kingdom of Bavaria. 

On Births in the city of Brussels. 

General Census— Populatioa 1645. 

On tho Increasing of the Population in Belgium from 1831 to 1840. 

On the Movement of the Civil Estate in Belgium— 184i to 1844. 
New Tables of Mortality of 'Belgium. 

Popular Songs. By Volksgangcn. Brussels. Containing 6 Plates 
, 1852. • < . 

Popular Museum of Belgium. (Series of 88 Historical and Popular En- 

Popular Library. RcadiDg Book by nerpin. Paris. 1838. 

Elementary Notions on Land Measuring. By Her- 
pin. Paris, 1833. 

Popular Dialogues on Rural Right By Do Nalsure. Paris. 1833. 

Historical Annual for 1837. Paris. 1836. 

Republic and Parties. By L. Lcfranc. 1648-52. 

Health Cookery. . Prevention of Disease. 1832. 

Codo of Ecclesiastical Laws. By Dupuz, Advocate. 1843. 
• On Individual Sovereignty. By Ricard. Paris. 1850. 

Small Agricultural Catechism. 1842. 

Tullii Ciccronia de Legibus. Gottenge. 1804. 

h ■ 

.. -V- 



'Introduction to the Study of Political Economy. • By Urbain. Paris. 

1833 ' 
Part to bo taken In the Question of Foundlings. ByOareL 1846. 

Topographical, Medical, &c Studies on BrazlL ' By Neader. 1848. 

An Unpublished Letter on Montaigne. ByJubinaL 

Parallel between French and English Colonies. ByJollivet 

. Report on the Military' Operations which hate taken place in Algeria 
In 1851. > 

Notice Oh the Eastern Republio of Uruguay. By Don Andrea Lamas. 
Paris. 1851. 

'Biographical and Bibliographical Researches on Gabriel do Tnrrlgua. 
ByDelpL Bordeaux. 1848. 

Report on the Publication of New Documents relative to Land Credit 
which exist in the various European States. By Jofeeau. Paris. 1851. 

Report on the Project of a New Law, having for its object to revive 
Art' 88 and 87 of the Penal Code,- < By Count de la Ciwronmere. i Paris. 

Defence of the Marquis of Vogne. 1853. \ ■ 

Study on the Contracts for Metayage. .By Lapongade. Bordeaux. 
1850. ; ;, 

• Letters on tho Removal of ^TVorks <>f Antique 5 Art from Athen9 and 
Rome. ByMctsumer. Paris. >)3886. 

An Episode of the History of the Academy of Fine Arts at Bordeaux. 
ByDolpit Bord. 1851. ■■■■■ 

On tbo displacement or Exchango of Foundlings. ; By Herpin. Mitz. 
1838. S ■. • S~ 

Collection of tho Civil and Criminal Laws of the Modern States. By 
Foucher. Paris. 1838. 

Historical Monuments. (Report to the Minister of tho Interior.) 

Roport of the Labors of tho Commission of Historical Monuments and 
Documents, and Civil Buildings of tho Department of the Qlronde, during 
tho yoar 1849. By Rabanes. Paris. 1851! , 

The" German Agriculture, its Schools, &a 1847. 

On tho Institutions of Land Credit in Germany and Belgium. By 
Royer.'. Paris. 1845. 

On Maritime Interests and Protection. Bordeaux. 1847. 

General Account of the Administration of Criminal Justice in France 
in 1840 and 1850. . 

General Account of Civil and Commercial Justice. 1849 and 1850. 

Diplomata and Ohartao Merovlngia octates in archive FrancaXso a&scr- 
vata. 1851. -. 

« ■ Atlas. • 

Historical and Statistical Notice of the Pup-point Industry at Calais, 
*c Paris, 1861. 

A Glanco on the Navigation of the Rhino. By Op den hoof. Amster- 
dam. 1880. 

Observations on the Germanwark, the Navigation of tho Rhine. 1828. . 




Collection of Diplomatic Documents relative to the Affairs of Holland 
and Belgium from 1830 to 1832. 

The Principal Pictures of tho Museum of Hagen. 1826-1830. 4 Noa. 

Letters on the Archives of the Kingdom at Mugen. By SchoteL 
Kroger. 1861. J 

A Memoir on the Relations of the Duchy of Limbourg. By Fuhn. 

On the Mothod of Writing tho History of tho Netherlands. By Bry- 
artm* 1830. 

Memoir to serve for the Composition of a History of the Netherlands. 
By Royoan di. Hagen. \ 1830. 

Memoirs which may serve for tho Composition of a History of tho 
Netherlands. By Van Brenstun. Hagen. 1830. • 

Resolutions of tho General State of the Netherlands. 1576-1577. 
Hagen. 1828. In sheets! 

Fac simile of the Union of Brussels. Hagea 1827. 

Declaration of tho Independence of the Netherlands. 1577. Folio. 

$wi]jts an& Jistoroiwnts at t\t $. g. JiJtortal Srjrutjj, 

From Jan. 20, 1853, to Jan. 19, 1854. 

Prom Member*, for du«»,*c., ttti 00 
" Ker. Geo J. Van Neite, 
(Cor. Mem ) donation, 
" Sale* Vol. I, Bocletj'i Coll, 
" Vol.11, do. 

" Vol. lit do. 

" " Vol.IV. do. 

6 00 

a oo 

9 00 

8 SO 

63 60, 

Total Receipt*, 
Balance on ham), ai per Annual 

Keport, Jan. 

, ai per , 
90, l&Ji, 

8.M M 
Ml T9 

•444 t» 

For eipenaea. Belcher Paper*, #M T5 
Purchaae* for Library, 44 SI 

" locldentaJ* for do. 11 W 

" General IncMenlali, Mil 

" CommUilon oo |168 60, H 86 

i - Total e-f kiici. 
BJicce on hand. Jan. 18, ISM, 

ir> a 

4J7 04 
•664 68 

Respectfully submitted, 

. JAMES ROSS, Trtaturer F. J. Hut. Soe. 


Wo have examined tho accounts and vouchers of the Treasurer, and find 
thorn correct, and tho balanco remaining in his hands to be four hundred 
and thirty-seven dollars and six cents, ($437 06.) 

PETER S. DURYEEJ rnmm : tlfjL 
JOHN R. WEEKS, \ Committer 
January 18, 1854. 

■■• - ______ _ — - 







Held in Trenton, on Thursday, January 19th, 1854, 


______ ■ • -■-■-- »■: -'■ ' - ■■•••"••>--. -.- ■-.__, : J 


Mil I Will 



' Tehmtorial position is one of tho elements of national power, and the 
geographical features of a country give direction to (ho" labor, and tone to 
the character, of its inhabitants. Nature,' governed by unerring laws, is su- 

. l perior. to art, and man, with all his wisdom, roust yield to the works of 
his Creator. Climate and soil, rivers and mountains, Oceans and conti- 

' ncnts, Contractor expand the enterprise- of man,' and control the destiny 
of nations. History is not always truo to nature. It yields to man and his 
works more credit than they deserve, by representing that the power and 
prosperity of a country aro but tho results of association and government, 
and that national wealth is ctcatcd by tho labor and craft of its inhabitants. 
Under its flattering teachings wo arc brought to look upon a land, teeming 
with the richest productions of nature, and supporting by its bounty mil- 
lions of free and happy people, as only a work of art, wrought but by polit- 

'ical economy, and sustained by the administration of civil authority. In 
our exaltation wo overlook tho true sources of prosperity. "Wo forget 
that national wealth Is drawn from material nature; that a genial climgto 
gives health and vigor to population; that the soil which roan treads as 

' dust beneath his feet, provides him with food, and clothes him with raiment ; 
thai) tho mountains aro store-houses of inexhaustible treasures ;' that 'tho 
rivers, tho natural channels of trade, givo value to the productions of art ; 
that oceans aro tho great highways of commerce, and that upon tho wings 'of 
tho wind arc borno tho rich profits which build up and sustain magnificent 

Men and governments, war and politics, do not make up all of history. 
They aro but the actors and tho shifting scenes in the great drama of na- 
tional life. Generations of men come and go; social and political institu- 
tions, ever changing, rapidly pass away ; but the Land upon which they 

i | 

. ,■■ i ...:•„ — 


jib. millek's address. 

Kvedand movod, remains as fixed as the everlasting hills. And Nature, as 
fconntjful as her Creator, ever exists to Bupply from hor inexhausliblo foun- 
tains, tho wants-of mon, and to bestow wealth ui>on tho nations. 

While it is our duly and our prido to collect and record each old Btirring 
logend and traditionary etory, portraying tho heroismrand virtues of our 
ancestors, and never to forget the history of those glorious institutions un- 
der whoso shelter wo now enjoy personal and political liberty ; let us not 
'- bo unmindful of the Land, that rich inheritance, which God in his provi- 
dence has given to us for bur home and for our country. "It is a good 
hnd, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and doplhs that spring out of 
Talleys and hills, a land of wheat and barley, a land wherein thou shalt eat 
broad without scarceness, thou shalt not lack any thing in It, a land whoso 
stones arc iron, and out of. whoso hills thou mayst dig brass." ... 

Tho Territory of Now Jersey has a peculiar history of its own. It ante- 
i dates our political annals, tt carries us back into tho freedom of Nature, 
when this broad continent in all its vastnoss, and wealth, was unappropri- 
ated to the uso of civiliicd man, either as private property or public do- 
main. It informs us when and 'by whom, and under what circumstances, 
the territory, afterwards called Now Jorsey, was first selected from the vast 
* domain, and by fixed boundaries, appropriated for separate ownership and 
government. It teaches us that titlo to tho land preceded the right to 
govern its inhabitants ; that deeds woro .before constitutions and that pri- 
vate grants gave immunities to property, which survived tho prerogative of 
the royal . grantor 5 and which are still preserved by constitutional law, as 
tho sacred and inviolable rights of freemon. It was by and through theso 
old land title-deeds, that tho colonists acquired right to, and fixed the bound- 
aries of, those thirteen Bovcral territories, which now constitute tho Atlantic 
States of our Union. 

Had the territory of New Jersey been acquired by conquest, and its 
boundaries Bottled by border wars ; bad its mountain passes and river banks 
been the scenes of bloody conflicts, with tho aboriginal owners ; then our 
early history would have been written in traditionary lays, and in legendary 
song, giving namo and distinction to hills and valleys, by their association 
. with tho heroic deeds of our ancestors; but a land acquired by fair purchase, 
with no higher origin than a parchment deed, wo must bo content to writo 
Its annals in humblo prose, Yet the history of such a land is not destitute of 
interest , Tho peaceful efforts of man, to subduo physical nature to his use, is - 
a contest which approaches the heroic It is tho conflict of labor, slnglo-handed» 
unaided by capital, and without the facilities of art, making its first onset upon 
■tern nature, and writing its own history upon tho soil, in those great land- 
marks of fallen forests and cultivated fields, and in deep mines of the mountains. 
There is a history written by the sword, in blood : there is also a history 
written by the hand of labor, with tho sweat of tho brow; the former is 
prcservod by art and poetry ; tho latter is Impressed upon the Boil of the 
valleys, and engraved upon the iron rocks of tho mountains, and illustrated 
by the rich and varied productions of tho land. Tho former may administer 
to the prido and glory of a people; but tho latter teaches us tho true prin- 

ma. miller's address. • 71 

> ' 
-ciple of political progress, by recording the results of labor and enterprise, 
as they are developed in tho gradual improvements, and in the advancing 
prosperity of the country. 

On the 24th of Juno, 1604, James, Duke of York, by one of those ordi- 
nary instruments, known to the common law for the conveyance of lands, 
granted the soil, and fixed tho boundaries of the country which now forma 
the State of New Jersey. By the same deed, which conveyed title to the 
land, was also granted the prerogative of government ; and if allegiance 
could bo made the subject of bargain and sale, his royal highness under au- 
thority from his brother, King Charles, by a parchment deed of lease and 
release, gave both territorial identity, and political existence to a State. , 

Tho land is still held under the titlo granted by this deed, and according 
to its general boundaries; so that the territorial jurisdiction of the State, 
and the private land- titles of its people are derived from the same source. 
Thus did the Horry Monarch of England, to gratify a passing whim, or to 
reward a favorite of tho Court, or perhaps to rid himself of an urgent cred- 
itor, give geographical position to one of the independent States of our 
Union, and transferred to tho possession of our fathers that goodly Land, 
upon which they afterwards erected those noble civil institutions, which 
now protect and defend tho lifo, liberty and property of Jerseymen. 

This incongruous association of title to the lands, with authority to gov- 
ern tho people, formed by tho grants to which I have alluded, is a singular 
feature in our provincial history. It exerted a controlling influence over tno 
settlements and progress of tho colony, and gave a peculiar character to its 
laws and social institutions. Out of it grew the proprietary government, 
which for a time divided tho colony into two separate political Jurisdictions, 
each with their local government, creating sectional customs and foelings, 
the Influences of which aro not yot entirely lost Yet, in and through this 
conflicting and confused system of deeds and concessions of proprietary 
rights and civil authorities, wo must trace our territorial, legislative and ju- 
dicial history, extracting from old deeds, obsolcto statutes, and forgotten 
decisions, many a principle of law and government, which now gives secu- 
rity to our property, and protection to our liberty. This task has already 
boon ably performed by two worthy members of this Society, and the re- 
sults of their labors given to the public in those two most valuable volumes, 
11 East Jersey under tho Proprietary Governments," and "The Provincial 
Courts of Now Jcrsoy." 

Tho political portion of tho grant was destined to a different fate. The 
contract conveying tho property in tho soil, survived the grant of civil gov- 
ernment over tho people. Wbilo neither war nor revolution disturbed the 
title to Linda derived from tho king, his authority to transfer tho allegiance 
of his subjects, although acquiesced in for a time, was never acknowledged 
by freemen, and was finally scattered to the winds, as a baseless assump- 
tion of power, in tho storm of tho revolution. 

r The; royal grantor lost his throne, and died in exile. And tho American 
peopto, Ion the very soil which ho granted, wrested by war from the hands 
of his toost powerful successor, all right of government over the territory; 



, Y2 l '. mr. boxer's address. 

yet the parchment deed of James, Duke of York, Burvived both events, and 
Bbll exists a respected muniment of title to all lands within the boundaries 
of New Jersey. . Thus, we see written in our territorial history, and recorded 
with our title-deeds, that great 'conservative principle, now the organic law 
of the Uni6n,-^tho sacred right of private proporty, and the inviolability of 
legal contracts. 

'■( < It should be noted in our annals that the territory of New Jersey was ac- 
quired by purchase and not 'by aggression; that it was neither wrested 
from ' the Crown of England, nor stolen from the Indians ; but that every 
acre of the wide 'domain is held by legal tenure, unstained by blood, and 
unpolluted with fraud. It is to this land, thus acquired, and thus holden, 

1 that I Would call your attention. r 

The lerritory of Kea Jertey— its natural position, power and wealth ; 

those, together with some old chronicles, rescued from the impending rub- 

" bish, undor which time buries memory, shall be the subject of my address, 

imd will, I trust, bo an appropriate offering to tlio historic Muse who pre- 

Bldcs ovor our Institution. 

The position or New Jersey is ono of great nntural beauty, and of im- 
mense power and influence. I With the ocean in front, and flanked on either 
side by two noblo rivers, hor territory, well defined and defended, stretches 
'from the sea-board to the blue ridge. To tlio north, are mountains clothed 
'In forest and rugged in rock, but these rocks give covoring to endless accu- 
mulations, preferable to tho mines of Potosi and Golconga ; for zinc, copper 
and (ron aro masters over gold and diamond, and crcato tho highest of all 
productions, the strong arm, the bold heart, tho energetic enterprise of free- 
dom. 1 'Between tho mountains, are vallies waving with the benediction of 
'Ceres, and orchards bending under the luscious giils of Pomona, while in- 
■ dustry seats herself upon every rill, and the air is vocal with tho sounds of 
1 the hammor, tho wheel, and tho axe. To the south, the land assumes a less 
'rigid aspect; meadows Btretch far and wide, and tho pastoral scenes of 
Acadia aro renewed. On mountain, valley and meadow, tho house of prayer 
forms a leading feature in the landscape, and from every town and village, 
tall spires point to tho upward path of pure morality and fervent pioty, 
whilo court-houses proclaim the empire of law, and numberless poles an- 
nounce tho universal reign of liberty. 
Our position thus secures to us the advantages of foreign commerce and 
i the facilities of Internal trade; It is truo that our two powerful neighbors 
have almost monopolizcoVthe first, but they cannot deprive us of our locality. 
And New York and PbHadolphia,' although outside of our boundaries,' afford 
toufl the two best Markets in the country.' Tho barrel maybe tapped at 
both' ends, but the barrel Is still our own, to bo filled or emptied at our 
pleasure, according to the demand and tho supply. ; ' ( 

Our geographical situation is also one of national consequence. I speak 
not of tho'political influence, which extent of territory and population may 
•give in the administration of the general government, but of that power 
which accrues to a stato from Its connection with tho great events of history, 





from its position in tho struggle for liberty, in tho inarch of empire, and in- 
the development of national wealth. It was not accident, that made New 
Jersey the "Flanders" of America; it was not choice, that made her sod 
tho battle-field of the revolution ; it was the central position of her territory 
which exposed it to tho shock of war, and for a time converted it into a 
broad highway for tho tramp of armiea Tho position which she held in 
war, she is entitled to enjoy in peace. -She still controls the road from New 
York to Philadelphia, ovor which in 1776, the car of war rolled from the 
Hudson to the Delaware, but now the great thoroughfare of travel and of 
comniorce, over which two great cities daily transport their merchandise, 
and nightly send a portion of their weary population for repose among the 
green' hills of Jersey. And along that line of battle-fields, where armies 
fought for tho empire of America, now peacefully pass tho rich and varied 
products' of thirteen frco States, whoso independence was there achieved. 
Our territory lies between tho ocean "and tho coal-beds of Pennsylvania, 
and also commands tho shortest lino of travol from the western lakes. And 
• at this moment, vast accumulations of products from mines, land and forests, 
aro pressing upon our western boundary, for a right of way orer our soil to 
the markota on tho Bcaboard. This right of way is part of our great free- 
hold estate, is Incident to the public domain, and belongs to tho people of 
Now Jersey in thoir sovereign, capacity. 

The- roads of a country constitute part of its wealth. Thoy increase pro- 
ductions, Btimulato labor and enterprise, and givo facility to trade and bu- 
Binoss. Modern invention has given to local roads, a moro extended use, 
and clothed them with a national character. Commerce, formerly confined 
to ships, and convoying its wares upon rivers and oceans, now with tho 
steam-engine claims empire over tho land, and upon tho railroad track Bend3 
mighty cargoes of merchandize, and armies of men from city to* city and 
from State to State. 

; Tho territory of Now Jersey forms a controlling section in thosj; great 
inland ways of commerce. And this control over tho right of wayis ours 
for tho great purposes of trade, and for tho general welfare ; It is ours for 
improvement and progress, for tho development of tho natural wealth of tho 
land, and for tho encouragement of tho labor and enterprise of its people. 
But whi!o it is our privilcgo to possess this right, and our duly to improve it 
for tlio benefit of oiir own State, let us not forget that It is also an instru- 
ment committed to our hands, for the advancement of tho power and pros- 
perity of tho wholo Union. Let us remember that our railroads aro but 
links in that groat chain of internal improvements, whlclt, stretching along 
tho wholo extent of tho Atlantic coast, and passing far oht toward the west, 
is soon destined to reach tho shores of tho Pacific, binding together states 
and cities, towns and people, by the strong tlos of social and commercial re- 
lations, and uniting all in a closer union of national feeling, interest and s«n- 

Now Jersey has done much for internal improvement, and onr roads and 
canals, constructed under the authority of our Legislature, by tho enterprise 
and capital of our citizens, compare favorably with those of our sister States. 






Yet we have not improved the advantages of- our position to their full ex- » 
tent; we have looked more to present profit than to future advancement, 
and our system partakes more of the character of private business, than of 
public enterprise. \ 

With the advancing prosperity of the country, and the increasing demand 
for new facilities of travel and transportation, our position will enable us to 
build and maintain the most useful and tho most profitabe roads upon the 
continent Theso great thoroughfares will not only give to New Jersey a 
commanding influence over the internal commerce of the whole country, 
but will also enable her to improve to their full extent, her own rich, but 
neglected fields, of mineral and agricultural wealth, by giving to every farm- 
house, and forge, and workshop, the inestimable advantage of rapid and 
cheap transportation', by making every mountain pass echo with tho roar of 
the passing trains, and by bringing each .homestead from Gape Hay to 
Sussex within the sound of the locomolivo'a whistle. For theso advantages, 
whon we enjoy them, wo shall be indebted to our territorial position, to bo 
secured and improved, or wasted and lost, according to the policy we may 
adopt .." 

But Now Jersey has other treasures besides that of tho right of way over 
its surface. With many varieties of soil and exposure, warmed by a sun 
" whose temperate rays render tho climate neither too hot nor too cold, and 
refreshed by clear cold-mountain breezes, tempered by tho milder air ofthe 
ocean, tho land produces all kinds of usoful grain, brings forth the earliest 
products of the spring, and ripons the most luscious fruits of autumn, while 
the variegated scenery, and accessible elevations, invite tho stranger to take 
up his abode upon tho hill-Bide or in the valley, and bind tho heart of every 
Jersoyman to the home of his fathers. Nature has dealt bountifully with 
us ; there are also treasures beneath tho soil, and where the rocks forbid 
tho plough, and where tho sterility of the land rejects vegetation, there, be- 
neath tho barren and rugged surface, in dcop broad veins aro deposited vast 
treasures of rich and valuable minerals. . 

• A range of rough and broken hills, extending through tho counties of 
Passaic, Sussex and Morris, and passing off into Warren and Hunterdon, 
mark the rich mineral regions of Now Jersey. These hills are made acces- . 
eiblo on all sides, through gorges and valleys, formed by numerous moun- 
tain streams, the head waters ofsthe Passaic, tho JUritan, and the Husco- 
netcong, which afford by their perennial Bupply and rapid descent, a cheap 
and never-failing water power. 

But a few years ago, the traveler in passing up and down, theso water 
courses, would havo seen little to attract his attention, except here and 
there, a forsaken excavation in tho mountain sido, disturbing its rugged soil 
by fragments of up-torn rock, and old^ ruins of massive fltono walls, sur- 
rounded by heaps of cinders, marking the spot, on the banks of some stream, 
whore forge and furnace in times loDg gono by, converted the ores of thoso 
mountains into iron and steel. These old mines and forces have traditions 
of their own. Their discovery, the character of thoso who first opened and 
worked them, their early progress and success, their subsequent falling of! 

and failure, tho manner in which their advantages^wcro appreciated in war I 
. and neglected in peace, would form a most usefbfebapter of political econ- 
omy, teaching by time and experience that which theories cannot antici- 
pate. I havo neither the time nor tho ability to perform this task, but I 
must content myself with gathering a fow of the broken fragments, which ho * 
scattered upon tho surfaco of this unworkod miDe of historic lore. 

About the beginning of tho eighteenth century, when the manufacture of 
iron was yet in its Infancy, before tho mines of Wales had felt the effect of 
English capital, when Birmingham was yet a town oIMittle note, and Liver- 
pool just rising into commercial importance, a Teasel from a foreign port 
discharged a small cargo upon ono of tho London docks. The quality of 
tho importation attracted tho attention of mechanics and ship-builders, and 
its superiority over everything of tho kind then manufactured in England, 
was noticed by all. This strange but appreciated cargo, was Jertey Iron, 
made from ore dug from tho mountains of Sussex. The mine, which sup-' 
plied this first importation of American bar iron into EngUnd, still exists, 
and although long neglected, has lately been re-opened, and under the di- 
rection of its enterprising owners, again y I olds its rich ores for the uso of 
the country. This mine is a typo of many others of equal importance, and 
its history will Dlustrato tho progress of tho Iron business of New Jersey, 
. through years of changing success and adversity, up to its present im- ■ 
proved condition. 

-•• Fifty years after tho grant of tho territory of New Jersey, by tho Duko 
of York to Carteret and Berkley, and when the House of Stuart had ceased 
to reign over England and bor American Colonies, a mantwho had been a 
favorite at tho court of tho dethroned monarch, but uncorrupted by its 
vices, became a freeholder in New Jeraoy. Ho was a statesman, and a 
philanthropist His namo is perpetuated by one of tho largest and richest 
States in tho Union, and his principles of moral and social government were 
deeply Impressed upon ono half of our State. And although his mission to 
America was the great work pf establishing upon tho New Continent an 
empire of peace, liberty and law, he was not unmindful of the natural wealth 
of tho country, and tho lands of New Jersey did not fail to attract his atten- 
tion. On tho 10th of March, 1714, by a warrant from the Council of 
Proprietors, ho acquired titlo to a largo tract of land, situated among th<y 
mountains, then of Hunterdon, now of Sussex county, and William 
Pans becamo tho owner of ono of tho richest mines of iron ore in 
New Jersoy. This mine, since called Andover, was openod and 
worked to a considerable extent, as early as 1760. Forges and furnaces, 
the ruins of which aro still visible, were erected for smelting ore, and 
making it into bar iron. Tradition reveals to us, that the products of 
theso works wcro carried upon pack-horses and carta down the valley of tho 
Mosconctcong, to a place on tho Delaware called Durham, and from thence 
transported to Philadelphia in boats, wlilch were remarkable for thoir 
beauty and model, and aro known as Durham boats to this day. 

At tho breaking out of the Revolution, tho Andover Iron Works had ac- 
quired sufficient importance to command public attention; before that period 

L ' 


__. r „._- ^__ ...- 

' ■ ■' • 



•most of their iron had been exported to the mother country, and there used 
for government purposes. But now steel and cannon balls were required 
for the uso of the confederated Colonies, and the iron ores of New Jersey 
were to bo put under requisition for jtho defence of the liberties of the peo- 
ple. "And tho Andover Iron Works were ordered to bo put in blast, for 
the purposo of procuring Iron to bo made into steel, it being represented 
that Iron made at tho Baid works, is the most proper of any in America for 
' that purpose" But unfortunately for the public Bcrvice, Andover was un- 
dor tho control of tho enemy. Its owners wero enjoying the protection of 
tho British army in Philadelphia, and all its iron had been converted into 
hostile steel. Thja^mcrgency produced tho following resolution : 

>fthe 1 

"In Congress of the Confederation of the 
" United State* of America. I r 
< . "Thursday, January 15th 

"Tho Board of War brought in a report; whereupon, resolved, That tho 
" Board of War bo authorized to direct Colonel Flower to mako a con- 
"tract with Mr. Whitehead Humphreys, on tho terms of the former 
" agreement, or such other as Colonel Flower shall deem equitable, for 
"making of steel, for the supply of tho Continental Artificers, and works 

'. "with that necessary articlo; and as tho iron mado at tho Andover 
"Works only, will with certainty answer tho purposo of making steel, 
"that Colonel Flower bo directed to apply to tho Government of Now^- 
"Jersey to put a proper person in possession of. these works, (tho same 
"belonging to persons whcNidhero to tho enemies of these States) upon 
" such terms as tho Government of tho Stato of New Jersey shall think 
"proper ; and that Colonel Flower contract with tho said person for such 
" quantity of iron, as ho shall think-thc service requires. 

"Keiohed, That a letter bo written by tho Board of War, to tho Gov- 
" crnor and Council of tho State of New Jersey, setting forth tho pecu- 
liarity of the demand for these works-, being tho only proper means of 
"procuring Iron for steel,' an articlowithout which the service must irrc- 
"parably suffer; and that tho said Governor and Council bo desired to 
*' take such means as they shall think most proper, for putting tho 6aid 
"works in blast, and obtaining a supply of iron without delay." 
New Jersey promptly answered this call, on tho 18th of March 1778, by 

tho following legislative resolution : 

"Tho Council, having iaken into consideration tho resolution of Congress 
"of tho 15th of January last, and tbp letter from tho Board of War ac- 
''.companylng tho Baid resolution, recommending it to the Government 
"of this Stato to causo the Andover Iron Works in tho county of Sussex, 
" to bo put into blast, for tho purposo of procuring iron to bo made into 
"steel ; it being represented that the iron made at tho said works is tho 
" most proper of any in America for that purposo : And having also taken 
"into consideration, the application of Colonel Benjamin Flower, Com- 
" mlssary General of Mililary Stores, agreeably to tho said resolve, who, 
" at tho sarao timo recommended Colonel John Patton, as a proper person 

,:. ....' 

.: . • •.'_ '..' ... 


.-.-.--. •■■■- -. i ■ :..-':: 


" to carry on the said works : And considering, that it is not yet ascer- 
" taincd that tho estate in tho said Andover Iron Works is confiscable to 
"the use of the public, or whether the owners thereof have committed 
" any act of forfeiture ; and at tho same time being desirous that tho pub- 
" lie Bervico may bo promoted, by the use of the said works ; 
•' " Jtetolved', That It be recommended to Colonel Patton to agree with 
" tho present owners of the said works to take the same, to wit : the fur- 
" nace and forges on lease, hereby assuring him, that in caso the said es- 
" stato shall bo legally adjudged to be forfeited, or otherwise become un- 
" dcr tho particular direction of this Government, Buch agreement shall 
" be confirmed to the said Colonel Patton, or to such person or persons 
" as the Legislature shall approve, for any period not exceeding three 
"years from the date hereof: But if tho said owners shall refuse to let 
" the said works for tho use of the public, tho Legislature will then take 
<" tho necessary stops for putting them in tho possession of a proper 
Y " person in order to have them carried on for tho purposo sbovo men- 
" tioned. 

" Ordered, That Mr. Hoops wait on tho House of Assembly, with the 
"foregoing resolution, and desiro their concurrence therein." 
"Which message being read and considered, Resolved, That tho House do 
concur in tho resolution contained in tho said message." 
Under these authorities tho old Andover Works change owners. Passing 
from tho control of their traitorous proprietors, they are now in the hands 
of truo men for tho uso of their country, mine, and furnace, and forge 
6ccm to catch tho patriotic spirit of their new occupiers, tho Arcs glow 
with an intenser heat, and tho anvils ring louder and clearer, as if conscious 
that they aro forging arms with which bravo men Bhall defend their homes 
fend their country.. . . : 

It was not only Andover that responded to tho call of tho Government 
for aid, but all along that mineral region, from Sterling forgo in Bergen, 
to Union furnace in Hunterdon, was ono Btirring sccno of action, effort and 
labor ; miners and forgemen, wood-choppers and colliers, urged on by citi- 
zon soldiers and patriotic oIBcere, wcro all engaged in procuring iron and 
steel for tho uso of tho Continental army," while through tho valleys and tho 
gorge/} catno tho echo of tho sound of tho hammers, as, swung by stalwart 
arms, they rang upon the anvils, and kopt timo to tho song of tho forge. 

"CUnf, cUnst the nuuilTt anrlU riof ; 
CUnj, clang! k hundred hmmrcerii rwlng ; , . . 
. . . B»j, brother* of lh« duikj bro». 
Wb»l »re your Krone iron forgioc now ?~T\. . 
TheBwordl— ■ D»me ofdreid— . . . , . 7\, 
.' . . Vet illll whene'er the b»ltle-»or J 
It Liberty, when men do lUnd 
• For Juitlce and their Ntllre Land, • 

Then Ucaren blew the Sword P 

War had made terrible ravnges in Now Jersey ; her brave men had been 
slain in battle, her towns had been sacked, and Iter churches and farm- 
houses given to tho Games j her State treasury was bankrupt, and her pco- 



MR. lin-LEn's ADDRESS. 



plo impoverished, yet, thank God! her means for the defence of liberty and 
country wore not yet exhausted ; her mineral wealth was beyond the reach 
of invading armies, and her iron mines entrenched in rocks, defied tho 

"power of England. And now, at tho call of liberty, out of tho deep -caverns 
of the mountains, as from a mighty arsenal, pours forth tho true motal of 
war, iron and steel, and New Jersey, in tho hour of her country's utmost 
need, furnishes both tho soldier and his sword. 

But to continue our history.. The Andovcr Works were held by tho 
Government until tho close of the war, and tho mines of New Jersey for 
five years furnished iron and steel for tho Continental army. Then came 

' peace and independence, and tho country, rejoicing in its fresh liberty, soon 
recovered from the devastations of war.. The land, rolievcd of hostile armies, ( 
again yleldod its rich harvests of grain and fruits to reward the labor of the 
husbandman; and commerce, young "and lusty, plumed her whito wings 
over the freo ocean, and commenced that onward flight, which has sinco 
borne our ships to overy sea. But there was ono interest in the country, 
which did not partako of this reviving prosperity. That which had by its 
nationalimportanco commanded the attention of Congress and Stato Legis- 
lature, is now neglected and forgotten; and tho manufacture of iron from 
native ores, which was found to bo 'so invaluable for the dofcoco of the- 
country in war, is not thought of sufficient consequence to demand, tho en- 
couragement and protection of tho Government in timo of peace. It is true, 
that for a few years after the peace of 1783, that gTcat interest, owing more 
to tho stato of out foreign commerce, than to any efficient domestic aid, con- 
tinued to advance, and tho iron mines of New Jersey wero worked to ad- 
tago by their owners. But this short-lived prosperity was soon to be followed 
by long years of adversity. Left to contend with their old enemy in a new 
field of warfare, tho iron mines of Now Jersey, which had ropclled the armies 
nf England, fell before her invinciblo capital. And now tho sccno again 
changes at old Andovcr ; forsaken by tho Government, its owners driven off 
by bankruptcy, its mines deserted, its furnaces having given their expiring 
blast, and its forge-hammers resting upon tho anvils, nothing but heaps of 
ruins marked tho place, where labor and enterprise bad once supplied the 
wants of a nation. j . 

But tho war of rival interest did not stop hero ; the enemy was not satis- 
fied with tho temporary destruction of our iron works, and tho bankruptcy 
of their owners. Tho'inexhaustiblo mines wore still there, to supply mate- 
rials for a ronowal of tho contest at somo more propitious moment. And 
advancing upon tho ruins of our prostrate manufactories up to the sources 
of our national wealth, England went on until she was enabled to imprison 
our ores by tho iron bars of Wales laid across and over tho very doors of 
our mines. 

Advantages in commerce as well as thoso of war, when pushed to ex- 
tremities, produce reaction. This triumph of English iron over American, 
was too destructive to our interest, and too humiliating to pur national prido 
to be long submitted to. 
The prosperity of the country outstripped tho cautious policy of tho Gov- , 

' crnment, and individual enterprise and private capital, stimulated by tho 
• wants of trado, came to the rescue, and manfully contended with English 
manufactures against their monopoly of free trade in iron. Now, all again 
is life and activity in thoso noglcctod mineral regions. ' American labor and 
enterprise, with strong arm and bold hand, with railroad and canal aro 
thoro,*contendlng with' the might of British capital. 

They have stormed thoso mountain heights, and unbarred the doors of 
tho imprisoned mines; and agian tho emancipated ores come forth in triamph 
to tho music of an hundred forges, and American Iron once more success- 
fully competes with the English manufacture. 

Those sterile mineral fields are again occupied, and feel the effects of la- ' 
bor and capital. But together with the miner and the bloomer como a host ' 
of strange operators. They are workers neither in ore nor in iron; yet 
thoy aro laboring in digging deep excavations in thoso hills, and in making 
railroad contractors, with their army of Irish laborers, havo entered the 
broad highways leding into tho very doors of the mines. Engineers and 
mineral field, and constitute part of the efficient force employed in modern 
mining. Tho progress of the arts has developed new elements of power, for 
the raising and smelting of ores, andfor tho manufacture and transportation 
of iron. 

Tho steam-engine becomes a mining instrument, and relieving the tedious 
labor of man and hoi^«, lifts tho ponderous mineral from its deep damp bed, 
and then, sends it with mighty speed upon iron ways into distant localities, to 
meet tho coal, and assimilating ores of Pennsylvania, to be converted into 
iron beneath tho hot blast of tho furnace. 

That revolutionary mine, for fifty years a neglected waste, has been 
transformed by tho magic power of modern art, into a deposit of productive 
wealth more valuablo than gold, and has sent, during' tho last five 
years, upon railroad and canal, constructed along the lino of that old cart- 
way, 150,000 tons of its rich ores to the banks of tho Delaware And by a 
strange coincidence, upon tho very site, where in 1778, these ores wero con- 
verted by tho Government into weapons of war, the present proprietors of the 
mine, havo erected their works, from winch they daily roll out tons of Iron, for 
tho implements of husbandry, tho tools of mechanical arts, and tho great 
pathways of commerce. 

It is not within the scope of this address, to enter into an analysis of tho 
iron ores of Now Jersey! My object is merely to CaH^public attention to 
their admitted superiority, co that their' importanco as a sourco of wealth 
and prosperity to tho Stato may bo more fully appreciated A few statis- 
tics will accomplish this. Within tho mineral region to which I havo al- 
luded, thcro wero raised during tho last year about 176,000 tons of ore* 
Now veins of rich and extensive deposits havo lately been discovered, and 
aro now In process of being opened ; these, with the improved facilities of 
mining, stimulated by tho advancing demand for iron, will, it Is estimated, 
incrcaso tho production of our mines during the coming year to 250,000 

I will givo you a still more practical Dlustration of the increasing value of 



- r -~- •- - .--,-; --..-- 



our mineral productions. In the year 1851, ono of the largest iron manu- 
facturing esUblishments in the county of Morris was compelled, by the ru- 
inous state of the iron trado in this country, to undergo the mortal process 
of a sheriff's sale. In the bands of its new owners, and under a more aus- 
picious state of the market, its fires were re-kindled in 1862, and during the 
last year "Boonton IronWorka" used 11,600 tons of Jeraey magnetic ore, 
consumed 23,000 tons of Anthracite coal, 8,000 tons of limestone, 6,600 tons 
of pig iron, employed in its operations 600 men, paid out for wages $22,000 per 
month, and manufactured 6,600 tons of nails and railroad spikes. Other 
establishments in the State consume a still larger quantity of ore, while the 
demand from abroad Is daily increasing. 

Our mineral productions are also about to be enlarged, by tho opening and 
working of extensive veins' of the Franklinlte, This ore, by reason of its 
peculiar combinations, has hitherto boon of littlo use in the manufacture of 
iron ; but nature's concretions, although not readily comprehended by man, 
are always .intended for his .benefit ; . he has only to discover the key 
which will unlock tho mystery., Tho discovery has boon made, and this 
salamander of the charcoal furnace, now yields to the heat of the Anthra- 
cite, and becomes both a flux and a vapor, producing the best of iron and 
the most durable of paints. 

In the year 1862, about one hundred years from tho time when that first 
cargo of Colonial bar iron made its •ppearance in England, there was placed 
at the door of the Crystal Palaoo in London, because it was too Urge for 
entrance, a mineral rock, which by its size and rare quality, commanded 
attention even at tho World's Fair. This was a Jersey production, a peb- 
blo specimen of our mountain of zinc. And tho New Jersey Zinc Company 
had the honor of obtaining the prize medal, over the competing companies 
of Franco and Belgium. The Committee which awarded this prize, com- 
posed of tho most distinguished chemists, pronounced tho introduction of 
tho oxide of zinc as a white paint in place of salt lead, as ono of tho remark- 
ablo ovonts in tho recent history of chemical art. 

This new use to which zinc ore is now applied, will soon mako it one of 
tho most important of our minerals. Tho Now Jersey Zinc Company, tho 
, first of tho kind in this country, commenced its operations about three years 
ago. In 1852 they manufactured 1,200 tons of paint. In 1853 they raised 
0,082 tons of ore, producing 2,200 tons of paint Their improved works 
are now making regularly from 75 to 80 tons of paint per week, and during 
tho present year, they expect to mino 12,000 tons of ore. 

If experiments now boing made provo successful, our zinc ores will also 
assumo national importance, by affording tho only chemical substance which 
will protect our naval and .commercial ships against the ravages of those 
destructive agents of tho sea, tho marine worm and barnacle formations. 

This Jcrsoy manufacture has also acquired a celebrity seldom attained by 
an American production. It not only embellishes tho rooms of our'Dcmo- 
cratic houses, but lias found its way into royal palaces, and it is said that 
ono of tho apartments in Windsor Castle may bo distinguished from tho 
others, by the glossy whiteness, which is peculiar to Jersey zinc paint. . 



»»«, anui'a'i ADDRESS. 

; ^Fu^fl^XZ^ IS --J"* her & 
wealth in America; these, to~eL SnTh^ f * ** U ° f n,inc * 1 
secure to the State a source of pub ic wealth ttZ^u °i hw ^'^ 

■ The extent to which this source of Sk Vn I , m>n ' 
Tanceme^t^haUonalprosncX^^ , 7b ° f ,mrK>Ted for the ** 
by English labor Z^SZto^'^T, 1 **"™* *"**« 
richer than tho one which k is oH^S ** "* mUch ht *« nor 
..prove. , Whl , ° P lIegCtopo,,e ^ tnd '>«'l««y«olm. 

" At the close of tho reign of Charles IT " «„». u i „ 
of tho iron which was used in ^22? 7 Mac * uI V. "a great part 
the whole quantity cast here a, «£S?£ " im P ortcd ^.abroad, .rid 

constituted tho whole of tho iron worSTS Li- , V nd M fu ™«* 

• tho iron manufacturers of FnlnJ thc , kl "S d °m. From this period 
revolution of 108 8 h" Jrc S The £3322 £*S **£* *"** Thc 
dens of unlawful e^^^^fe* ESS** 
monopolies. Industrial pursuits becalm I T, h ° *"** of ro ^ al 
*& nnd.tho „, L\Z SiHE "l* ^". .nd more profita- 
couhtryr'como to' tho rescue of Z W ^; ho P™>°K dc™nds of tho 
American Independent m 1 c h d rl * v C ? ^ nufnctu ^ Then came 
compelled her to £ok to e r ow fij mSl SS&^Sf *&*■ M ">> 

land, were prepared to it S f T^'r ^ *** «»«''"*urm of Eng- 
turn to their oTn f&£ ^S3£ H£ P ^" ° f "™* ^ * 
tinguish the present 2? Th fk£ »f / ^T™?* '" th ° tH ' W,,,ch di <- 
the discovery of th ho blast anH f ° f 5? U 1* ° rC8 r,th stono «»'. 
railways, wcVe inventions 2" «"»™-«>ginc, the modern system of 

• from w'hlch ^£^ ^ 

In 1740 tho fiftv n; n « „„ i » j I d tT '° nc1, «t proflu. 

17,000 ton's of Iro 18 Si t ^ 1 ^ S^**"* only 

rolled out about 3,000,000 ofton, SrS?SSS E7T W "* 

iron from her Colonv of N«£ i~ . to 1776, England imported bar 

sevcntv-eMith Z17J t/TO t0 "^P 1 -* hcr ho ™ ™rket In this 
600,00^0 So^nulr.dlrJn " 110 ^ 8 " ** to * U "^ d ■£ 

«ron of England, mo'e SS& tZ Z h. »T ^ ," ^ W ° rli Th ° 

the gold of California, and by ii e«o„,. ft "^ "° W COmmand ^ 
exchange, and an agent in th. ^ f USC6 ' h " bccorao » tedium- of 

ing in government bonds \»A T 7^ (ransaclio "» of the world ; deal. 

"lent, It has come to tho aid of ,hl » .' , pro S rc8siT0 thftn *» Gorcm- 
fi mo aid of tho liberal movements of tho age, and Js an 

i ; 



'«'! t IIM'iWMW'li'Mi' iWM«t»nmi!i 



essential element of progress and reform, and that triple alliance of Iron, 
labour and Libert/, Is rapidly changing the physical and social condition 
of the world. \.> > ■ . 

How strangely, yet how certainly, does xatcral wealth, God's gift to man, 
connect, itself with the aflalrs Of thVworld ; being Itself an element of na- 
tional powor, it Impresses Its own Influence upon the very springs and 
sources of social and political life, enters alike into the business of men and 
the policy of Governments; makes itself fclt in peace and In war, rouses 
tho stagnant energies of old nations, quickens the dormant life of now coun- 
tries, and gives direction' to tho commerce of tho world, by. furnishing ma- 
terials for tho construction of railroads, stretching from ocean to ocean, and 

. ' lines of steamers, passing from continent to continent. 

This element of i-owbh and we alth So triumphantly developed by England, 
is also possessed by New Jorsey. Heretofore wo have not had the ability 
to Improvo It. And our Iron mines havo neither advanced tho fortunes of 
thoir ownors, nor the prosperity of tho State. But the' time has come when 
Yankee enterprise can compete upon more jqual terms with English capital, 

, and American labor now enters the mineral field with higher prospects of 
aaecoss. Commencing our mining operations just at, the time when the 
progress of society requires tho largest development of the natural resource % 
of tho world J and when our own country especially, by'its wide extending 
territory and Increasing prosperity, is opening the largest and most active 
market for all tho mineral productions, and when by tho improved state of 

. tho arts, wo aro enabled to avail ourselves to tho greatest advantage of all 
tho new discoveries of tho ago j tho manufactures of New Jersey must ad- 
vance to tho highest point of prosperity, and our State become what Wales 
,fa to Great Britain, tub Iron District or tue Union. 

I havo shown that our iron mines aro associated with our history from 

. colonial times to tho present day ; how they entered into tho Rovplufiooary 
struggle, and rendered essential aid in the achievement of national independ- 

. enco. They havo given historical character to tho State in tho past; they 
still exist to aocurohor future prosperity. In peace and in war, iron has 
been associated with tho name of New Jersey, and is still an clement of her 
power and wealth. Mountains and river?, trees of the forests, and tho 
rocks of the quarries, havo by thoir localities and uses, given familiar names 
to States, and distinguished the escutcheons of nations. , 

Tho sons of Now York rejoice in tho title of Emi-iuk State, Pennsylvania^ 
in tho Keystone, South Carolina tho Palmetto, and Ohio tho Buckeye ; and 
almost every member of our Union has its own peculiar war-cry, from t)io 
granite rocks of Massachusetts, to tho grizzly bear of California ; yet Jersey- 
men havo no kindly name of affection for their native land— no appellation 
beyond tho stlfT, formal, officially Btcreotypcd "New Jersey." It would bo 
worthy of tho Historical Sqclety — nay, it would 6com a province of Its ap- 
propriate duty — to stamp upon tho country of whoso annals it is tho guar- 
dian, somo characteristic and descriptive, noma familiar and yet dignified, 
somo short and pithy word, by which her sons may hail their mother. A • 
popular word of endearment in the field, the forge, the meadow, tho factory ; 



a word of active teal In the halls of legislation, a word which .fc.n w i 
with the crash of artillery and the clafh of U^n tme ?2LZ& 
field where our descendant* may struggle fpr Liberty. Might not such a 
word bo found-ought we not to salute and present her toVer la^Tate* 
Surterj as The Iron State,-* name indicative, of j valor, strength, pW„ 
ance, Industry, and union T V B ' l*™ 7 "' 

; Having discoursed so largely upon mines 'and minerals, my time will per- 

£ iSi*^ *f* ° f ^ A0R ' ct7t ™<< "*>VRC* of the Slate Vari - 
t oof soil, genial climate, cheap manures, and ready market*, are the chief 
dcmonU of prosperous husbandry. The people of New W So?3f 
these advantages, in the formation and position of the countaTihS thS 
ST ' nt'T f °r ti0n9 ° f ° Ur S ° uthern «»»«* the^rTvel of tne 

££ \ 7 % C 7 J f - NOrthern ' ' ff0rd the ■«"* «* «S .rabble 
form land for tho production of all varieties of grains and grasses. And in 
tiioso less favored localities, where tho soil hafiot SSS5jff£ 

'iTJi ? SfW T n ' Uie 8ind - fields « SKS into gardensTfCt 
ablcs, and the hill-sidcs are covered with orchards laden wShgold.n HK 

vaS^ P ~T5 V th V tW0 bcBt Dlarket8 of th « ""-try? TSfSSt 
value to our horticulture, by scaring a ready and rapid eal/of thZ^X 
iluctiona, winch by their delicacy and perishable nature, require hnTcdiat 

EKSK Alth ° Ug , h V ^ n0t * •*»« * co-Pet. XsomTofo 
i If 5 , C T,1 nd *!•* yct 0Ur ** l *> n ** ur <* »«> M ^e control of 
the fruit and vegeUblo markets of New York and Philadelphia. 

Bcs.des tho inexhaustible lime quarries of Hunterdon and Warren we 
Al„L ft tT Ce t ^ U ^ 1 H-rovement, aomewhat peculiar to Z E Jr 
Almost the cntWa-board of New Jersey has undergone a geological rev- 
oluuon The tffe the Atlantic has been raised, andbocorno iftBSL 
bank, o d enough o shoot up into pine barrens, but not sufficiently old to 
aocumubto an avaiUblo coat of vegeUblo mould Here kind Providence 

% erts tho blank and bleak sterility into a smiling eipanse of verdorT 

*or m.ny ycars^ forming was a secondary object, pursued by men of 
small means and with limited opportunities .but at present, thanks be to 

iSSSf rftl S , . act,CR ' T n gcncral cducati0 ". •pecuniary' case, an£ aomo 
not.oXfin.chinery aqd chemistry, as useful co-operators, our farmers are 
rising InTJe acalo of liberal and successful industry. The hand of improve- 
ment guidell by Intellectual and pecuniary power, becomes everywhere ap- 
parent ; our .only want Is increased means or intercourse and conveyance o 
make our State the most productive agricultural district in ^Unlon. ' 

Nations, like individuals, havo their golden opportunities j occasions when 
advantages must be Improved, or lost forever. The people of New Jersey 
now occupy that position. All about us Is activity and development The 
progressive spirit o tho age seems to have touched the very spring of in 
du try, giving new mpuUcs to private and public enterprise* and advancing 
both ndmduala and communities to a higher grade of prosperity. * 

Lahor, always an efficient instrument of national wealth, hu advanced to 



1 an indent agent; S ^^^^1^^ 
the groat ™tlv* pero f ^^ ^^^istrumcntaof cupltal.and 

Tvcalth where timid governments feared to ™d ^ 

,n this mighty indu^la co^fl ct, ^^^t $&* Though 

Jg more of a passion jha J»^ mcam of improvc . 

occupying but a "^V ^^^ 6C cesslbk markets, commanding 

dre d thousand American clUmis.jl.0 are i enterprise accumu- 

SSSgg mmk : 

££3 It embellish It with Ml useful institutions of learning, and sane- 

tifv It with beautiful temples of religion. i 

TheTncreaslng prosperity of the State Indicates, that we are upon the on- 

' ward ma "h yet wTstfll lag far behind some of our sister States. Let us 

Ten oucken our energy, rally our forces and press forward, and never rest 

U we'p ce New Jerse% the relative position which she ^pvcdm 1,76 

* In the. front rank of the Atlantic States of the Vmon,-thc flag of Tun Ihoh 

State waving as high as the highest 


or mi 

$fcfo lerseg ptstoritnl J^rietg* 

Vol. VII. , 1854. No. 8. 

f Newark, May 18th, 1854. 

The Society met at V2 o'clock in their Hall, the President, Hon. Joseph C. 
Hoilxdlower, LL. D., presiding, assisted by the Hon. Jauzs Pareek and 
Hon. Wm. A. Dcer, Vice-Presidents. 

The Minutes of the last meeting wero read and approved, and the Cor- 
responding Secretary then submitted the correspondence since January, 
comprising letters from Wm. H. Maxwell and James Lenox, Esqrs., of N. 
Y., and Mr. H. C. Caret, of Burlington, acknowledging their election as 
members ; from Mr. Charles M. Morris of Philadelphia, requesting a trans- 
fer to the Pennsylvania Society of certain manuscripts of Samuel Smith's ; 
from the Secretary of tho Wisconsin Historical Society, announcing Its or- 
•ganlration ; from tho Historical Societies of Pennsylvania, Connecticut and 
New York ; Regents of the University of State of New York ; American 
Philosophical Society; American Antiquarian Society; and various Individ- 
uals on subjects connected with tho operations of the Society. 

Tho Librarian announced the donations received 6inco January, consist- 
ing of 16 bound volumes and 27 pamphlets, and a large number of valuable 
manuscripts; and 15 volumes purchased. Ho also reported that tho total 
number of volumes now in the Library was 1,642, and the number of 
pamphlets 2,006. Tho manuscripts were received principally through Hon. 
A. 0. M. pKKHEtfaTON, M. 0., from Alexander Boteler, Esq., of Virginia, 
and were the original memorials, letters and communications presented to 
the Now Jersey Provincial Congress of 1775 and 1776, essentially necessary 
to the duo Illustration and explanation of tho proceedings of that body. 
The Librarian, in some appropriate remarks, pointed out tho value of thc6o 
papers, and tho propriety of the^r being restored to New Jersey. 

!the Treasurer reported a balance in the Treasury of $434.20. 






Dr. Pennington, from the Committee on Publications, reported the publi- 
cation of another number of tho ''Proceedings of the Society," and sug- 
gested in behalf of the Committee that, as the publication is now furnished 
gratuitously to thoso. members who arc not in arrears, and to others, only 
on receiving payment in advance, tho expense of printing, &c, should bo 
paid out of the general fund, and that the amount now due therefor, should 
bo paid-out of that fund. . • 

The Committee also reported that nothing had bccn.dono towa 
publication of tho Newark Records — tho necessary transcribing not having 
been completed j and also that in accordtfrrce- with the resolution adopted at 
the last meeting, tho Committee had takan incipient steps towards tho pub- 
lication of tho Analytical Index to tho ktw Jersey Colonial Documents, 
and had entrusted tho publication of tho volume to Mr. W. A. Whitehead, 
tho Corresponding Secretary.' Tho Committco coincided in opinion with 
Mr. Stevens, through whoso agency the Index in its present form was se- 
cured, that the value of the work will be much enhanced by making it re- 
fer as veil to documents in America, as to those in tho English State Paper 
Office ; and by introducing notes explanatory or illustrative that may bo re- 
quired to elucidate any of tho papers. Sorao timo, and considerable labor, 
consequently, would havo to bo expended in tho preparation of tho volume. 
It would relievo the Editor from considerable trouble, and fucilitato 
lication, wcro members of tho Society, and all others, having documents or 
rare pamphlets in their possession relating to tho Colonial history of New 
Jersey, to furnish him with lists embodying tho dates of tho documents, 
and a succinct analysis of tho contents of each. 
1 Tho Committeo Bubmittcd tho following resolution, which was adopted : 

JRcsolced, That the Treasurer bo authorized to pay to the Committco on 
Publications tho amount duo for tho publication of the six volumes of " Pro- 
ceedings," Ac, ($309.56) and that hereafter the expense of printing tho 
eamc bo charged to the general fund of tho Society, and credit given that 
fund for all proceeds of, sales. 

Mr. Whitehead, from tho Committco on Purchases, reported verbally 
tho purchase of several works as stated in tho Librarian's report, and ex- 
pressed a desiro that tho members generally would communicato with tho 
Committee at any time, in relation to raro books or papers obtainablo 
by purchaso or exchange. It was very dcsirablo that tho Socioty's set of 
Legislative documents should bo mado moro complete, and it was thought 
if tho members would instituto inquiries in their rcspccUvo localities, many 
of tho missing volumes might bo supplied. • 

Mr. W. stated that he had endeavored recently to secure for the Society, 
tho Manuscript Letter Hook of Gov. Pownal, and a revised copy of his 
"Description of tho Middle Colonies," containing much additional matter in 
manuscript, which, with other valuablo original-documents, had been sold' 
in New York; but they brought prices exceeding thoso ho folt warranted 
to offer. It was to be hoped that the present possessors would have thorn 

printed. This was only one instance of many constant JLL* 
valuable original materials are offered, whic/'wS grttly 3^7° 
brary, could they be secured. g 7 Wlch Uic Ll " 

Mr. GirroRn, from the Committeemen Biographies made a r^» i , , 
ment of the progress mado by him £ procuring Materials for a H. v" 
cal notice of Dr. Peter Wilson; mentioning sevm Sc/SJ fc 
iiectccf W ith his public and private career which SiS ,1 g . C ° n " 
-cuing his name and services ^£S^SS^ $S2E 

thaM^T^' • r ° m <h ° CommiUcc on' tho Fire-proof Building reported 
that they had g,vcn some attention to the matter entrusted «„ ?>, P ~? 
after consultation with tho officers of t,o Society a^d other, T\ "*' 
chased the lot of ground referred to in &^^5*i£ PUr " 
a proper site for the proposed edifice. meCl,n& " 

.. It is situated on the north side of Park Church Pk™ inn La r 
Broad street, having a front of 30 feet, and extending bS 1 3 fee, boT 
adjacent to tho grounds of Park Church. Its S2?i! , S 
ter of tho street, and other peculiar S^SS^S^Sti^Si 
desirable of any known to the Committee, obSnS at ftftftrf 
would eel warranted to give. The cost of the lot was #"?00 ,Kl 

SsfiSB tSffi BUb r iptiono to . the fund ™ £SN2S 

to pay for it, and t was hoped an enterprise commenced under such favor 
able auspices might not be allowed to fail of success through any ack of 
£S;j CXCrt, ° n °" th ° Part ° f UlC m - lcrs ° f ^ Society and' clten/ 

eri^iS?i£?!f tImt Z ] \T'r CJCaTS EinCC ' thc ^« ~ dis- 
. „ , , , 7 ,or , c i tnc ^ilrary of the Society should be located he had taken 

SO t fcK " t T ° f ^»* « «« regretted* ht f" 
JO. He felt then, thnt.years would sW thc wisdom of that decision and 

h s7rlhcr T l t,mt fCdl ' D£ - II0 did DOt kn - ° f «ott r cc \£ 

2", "m Wi ' ,C ,nrgC ftnd Tfl,uabI ° colIcction of books and docu- 
ment the shelves in the Library are loaded, and deprcca ed tho 

toSve'a d!-ed t for th?M m 'J tCC * f* ^^ ^ M '^ *» ™»«™* 
w receive a deed for the lot of ground purchased for tho Society and hn™ 

J l ueauon, m port, to such purposes as may produce a revenue. 

I ' 



I-Ji. L I ' I 






Mr. Hats, from tho Committeo on Nominations, reported upon tho names 
referred to them at the last meeting, and tho gentlemen were duly elected, 
and new nominations rccjlvcd. 3 

Mr. Gifford, in refererico to the application from Mr. Moms, reforred to 
by the Corresponding Secretary, .submitted the following/preamble and 
resolutions, which were adopted: S4y 

Wueheas, An application has been received from Mr. 0. M. Morris, in 
behalf of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, for a transfer to .them of 
portions of tho manuscripts of Samuel Smith, in tho. possession of this So- 
ciety, which wero thought to bear more particularly upon the history of 
Pennsylvania than that of New Jersey; but which, on examination, 1 " are 
found to be inseparable from othor portions referring exclusively to tho lat- 
ter, and to be, moreover, intimately connected with tho latter State, bo it 

fte«»hed, That the Corresponding Secretary inform Mr. Morris that, 
while, the Society would be glad to relinquish to their sister institution of 
Pennsylvania any documents under their control not connected with tho 
history of New Jersey, or which it might bo considered tho more proper 
depasitory, yet in the present instance they' do not, for tho reasons above 
stated, feel at liberty to grant his request ; but every facility will be afforded 
any person authorized by him or tho Pennsylvania Society, to make copies 
of puiji portions of the Smith papers as may bo desired. 

Mi. \Vuiteuead remarked, ]n substanco, that an examination of the man- 
uscripts received from Mr. Boteler had satisfied him that they deserved all 
tho commendations bestowed upon them by the librarian, and that tho 
idonor deserved tho special thanks of tho Society. It was rather curious 
that these MSS. should bo found in Virginia — (President Maclean 
explained, that Mr. Boteler .was connected by marriago with one of tho old 
fainill' A of New Jersey) — and expressed his regret that more care was not 
taken by officers of the State, in different departments, and also of towns 
and cities, to preserve the records and official papers connected with their 
©fliers, and transfer the in to their successors, or deposit them where they 
void I i>ver remain for refcrehco and examination. Ifo referred to several 
install' i s which had come under his cognizanco where, from tho want of a 
law on the subject, important papers connected with tho administration of 
diff r lit d partnients of the State Government as well as of the Counties, 
Wove r\ garded as tho private property of tho individual holding office, and 
rebin d by him on his retirement He offered tho following resolutions, 
whirl) were adopted: 

AY;- leal, That the Corresponding Secretary communicato to Alexander 
BoM« r, Esq - ., tho thanks of this Society, for his valuable donation of origi- 
nal manuscripts connected with tho sittings of tho Provincial Congress of 
New .Tersey in 1775 and i77C, received through tho Hon. A. C. M. Pen- 
yl'e-'oJv <l, That the Librarian procure a printed -copy of tho proceedings 


of the Congress during those years, and cause the manuscripts recoil 
rom Mr. Boteler to be bound with it in their proper connection 

On motion of Dr. Mcrrat it was 
befttow^' That the 8eplcmbcrmcctin S of the Society be held at Eliza- 

On motion, 

Smhed, That the Executive Committee determine on what dav ib* 
meeting shall be held, and give notice accordingly. 7 "" 

Jlhl'o^ K ' ?° DCEM P, rcsentcd an "Oration by David Ramsay,' delivered 
C " and.T T T7r f ^^ Ind ^ dcn «. H76, at Charleston S 
■ Si'n .^/Commissioners, &c, in 1812, in relation to the In er 

nal Navigation of the Stato of New York." 

made an interesting statement of the manner in which it had been dkcov 
Sonll * ° V 08505 ?;?" ° f ft COl0rC<1 fami '^ rc,nled l0 tt *™«r arrant of 

BuSkthS E©? Ut ,h °, Sh0rt Hi " S - DCar Sprin ^ fie,d - Portrai « of 
Burr s father and mother we.-e found at the same time, but in a lesa perfect 
condition. Aaron Burr was born in Newark in 1776 

curious M Ztr ll ° f PCl1 v a * Mr " a7C8 W ° Uld COmffiit hi3 to«*i*t and 
curious narrative to writing. C" 

*%' . M v ACI ' EAN . said 1 that frori » <h° Portrait of the elder Burr thus discover- 
cd had beep painted the one now in the possession of Princeton College 

Mr. Wurman presented in behalf of Mr. David Ryersfcn, of Newton, 
a copy (printed on satin) of Evan's Map of "the Middle British Colonies in 
America originally published in connection with Governor Powmll'a 
description of tho Colonies, in 17D5. 

He also presented in behalf of Wxa. Duane, Esq., or Philadelphia, a Manu- 
script Copy of tho "Instructions of Freeholders of Hunterdon Count v to 
hen -Representatives in Assembly, May, 1771," the original of which is' in 
he possession of the descendants of John Hart, one of the Representatives 
and afterwards a signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

Ho also presented in behalf of C. M. Morris, Esq., of Philadelphia, "The 
Note-maker noted, and tho Observer observed upon," a rare old pamphlet 
referring ;to matters of much public interest in the Province in 1742 and 
tho ordinal Instructions of Win. Penn, GaVftn Lawrie, Edward Bvllvn K e 
Nicholas Lucas, and Eclmond Warner, to the Commissioners tent br'thfm 
to West Jersey In 1670, to arrange their affair* with John Fen wick and 
provide for the survey and settlement of the country. • This ancient docu- 
men, bearing the veritable signatures of tho grantor',, is in good condiiion 
and Is a valuable acquisition to the Society's manuscripts, 

preserva^n ADrEL PrCSCntC<1 " * m ?* " C ° U ° D *'*"'* **?»*< ta *>* 

The President presented in behalf of Col. Jo,Ern Ja«sox, the 1st volume 
of the Journals of Congress, which had belonged to John Jacob Facsch, 




with the manuscript notico of that gentleman, who was identified with tho 
early iron establishments in New Jersey. 

Mr. Conoar stated that in the prosecution of the so calyd improvements, 
which of lato years had been attempted in the old Cemctlry in Newark, a 
hcad-stono bearing tho name of "John Shelley" had be* discovered, and 
ho had been reminded thereby of a statement ho had slcn, but which ho 
could not then refer to, that J>crcy Bysshe Shelley, the English Poet was 
born in Newark Ho alluded to tho mattcr'hoping that it might elicit infor- 

Judgo Dcer doubted, from the fact that Shelley's parentage was well 
known, that he could have been born in America. 

Mr, Parker 'suggested that it might havo been Newark in England.* 

Tho Executivb Committco not having succeeded in securing any regular 
papers for this mooting tho Society then ad.'ourned, and subsequently tho 
members dined together at the City Hotel, being joined by Governor Price 
and other gentlemen., After tho cloth was removed appropriate speeches 
and remarks were made by tho Prcsldoutand Vice Presidents, Governor 
Price, Drs. Maclean, Murray, Scott and Abcel, Messrs. Whitehead, C. Parker. 
Duryce, Robeson, Rev. Mr. Sherman and others. 

* To show that there were good grounds for^WfTCongnr's supposing there might 
bo some connection between Newark and the Foot the following article from tho 
Daily Advtrtiwr of June 6tb, 1854, is hero inserted. 

"The Antiquities or Newark. — Percy Bysshe Shelley, was born at Field Place, 
according to his biographer, Thomas Mcdvrin, on tho 4th of August, 1702. His air- 
nanio of Percy being derived from an aunt, who was distantly connected with tho 
Northumberland family, and that of llysshe from tho heiress of Fon Place, through, 
whom that portion of the estate was derived. 

"Tho family of Shelly, Shellie, or Shellcv, as the name has been spelt at different 
epochs, is of great antiquity, and is descended from Sir William, Lord of Aflfendary, 
brother of Sir Thomas Shelley, a faithful adherent of King Richard the second, who 
was attainted and executed by Henry IV. ' Without tracing the pedigree, and refer- 
ring thoso Interested in such matters to too Peerage under the head of DcLisle and 
Dudloy, I will only say that Sir John Shelley of Marafield Park, who dates his Baron- 
etage from the earliest creation of that title, in 1611, hod besides other issue, two 
sons, Sir William, • Judge of tho Common Pleas, and Edward, from tho latter of 
whom, in tho seventh descent, sprung Timothr, who had also two sons, and Bcttlcd 
—having married an American lady — at Christ's Church, Newark, in North America; 
whoro Byssho was born, on tbo SMh June, 1731. As often happens to tho junior 
branches of houses, ho began lifo with few of the goods of fortune and littlo chanco 
of worldlv aggrandiiemcat America was then tho land of promiso hut it was only 
auch to him. He there cxcaciscd the profession of a Quack Doctor, and married, as 
It Is said the widow of a miller, but for this I cannot vouch." 

"At a recent meeting of tho Now Jorsoy Historical Society, it was stated that a 
■tone had been disinterred— probably buried when tho aplrit of improvement com- 
menced appropriating the old burring ground for streets and buildings— bearing tho 
inscription JOHN SHELLEY, DElT. JAN. 8, 1728. That it related lo a member of 
tha family of the poet, was doubted. . The above extract from bis biography, written 
by a relative, it calculated to remove that doubt. The statement that Timothy Shel- 
ley, the father of Brissey, was married in Christ Church, Newark, Is not perfectly 
satisfactory, as It Is believed that at that period, the friends of Episcopacy bad not ao 
coalesced as to form tho mother parish Trinity. It does not appoar in the map pub- 
lished by tho Society for tho propagation of tho Gospel in foreign parts, showing tho 
towns to which missionaries woro soot iu 1730." 



Announced May 18th, 1854. 

From Samuel O. Brake — A Review of "Winthrop's Journal as edited and 
published un der tho titlo of "Tho History of New England from 1630 to 

Tho Now England Historical and Genealogical Register and Antiquarian 
Journal. VoL VIII, No. 2. 
IVcm the State of New Jersey— Journal of tho Ninth Senate of New Jer- 
sey and Minutes of Votes and Proceedings, of the Seventy-seventh Gen- 
' eral Assembly, convened at Trenton, Jan. 18, 1853. 
From the Authors— Tho First Sussex Oentcnnary, containing the Addresses 

of B. B. Edsall, Esq;, and Rev. J. F. Tuttle, with Notes and Appendix. 
From Eon. John R Thomson— Report of an Exploration of the Valley of 
the Amazon and its Tributaries, by Licuts. Hcrndon and Lardncr, U. S. 
N., with Maps accompanying. 
From the American Antiquarian Society— Proceedings of A. A. Society 

in Boston, April, 1853, and in "Worcester, October, 1853. 
From the Maryland Historical Society— A Discourse by G. "W. Burnap 
"on the Origin and Causes of Democracy in America," delivered before 
• the M. U. S. on its 8th Anniversary Celebration, Dec 20th, 1853. 
From the Regents of the University of the State of 2feu Y^i— Docu- 
ments rolativo to tho Colonial History of tho State of Now York ; pro- 
cured rfi Holland, England and France. VoL nL 1853. 
From the American Fhilosoj>hical Society— Proceedings of the A. P So- 
ciety. Vol. V. No. CO. 

■Translations of tho American Philosophical Society for Promoting Use- 
ful Knowledge. Vol. X, New Series. 1853. (~ 
From the Historical Society of Pennsylvania— Ecclesiastical Character- 
istics; or the Arena of Church Policy, being an humblo attempt to open 
the Mystery of Moderation. By John Withcrspoon, D. D. Philadelphia 
1707. ' 

Somo Remarks on a Pamphlet entitled, The Enthusiasm of Methodists 
and Papists Compared, wherein soveral mistakes In some parts of his 
past writings and conduct aro acknowledged, and his present sentiments 
concerning the Methodists explained. Philadelphia. Reprinted 1749 — 
By George Whitfield- • 

Directions for tho River and Gulph of St. Lawrence with Remarks.— 
Philadelphia. 1774. • 

A Letter to tho Inhabitants of tho Provinco of Quebec, from tho 
Minutes of Congress. Philadelphia. 1774. 

Address to the Inhabitants of Jamaica, and other West India Islands, , 
in behalf of tho College of New Jersey. Philadelphia Printed by Wm. 
A Thos. Bradford, at the London Coffeo House. • 1772. 

Discourses before the Pennsylvania Historical Society, on the Surviv- 
ing Remnant of tho Indian Race in the United States. By Job. R. Ty- 
son. 1830. 



:•>,:, -.,•■..■•..'. \::"':Z::u,zc . : 

— —-- .„-_. -... 




Calvert ami Penn : or the Growth of Civil and Rellgous Liberty Jo 
America, as disclosed in the Planting of Maryland and Pennsylvania. 
By Barntz Mayer. . 1863. - - 

On the First Constitution and Government of the State of Ponnsyl- 
. vania. By. Bolt T. Conrad. 

Canada and. the Continental Congress. By William Duane. 1850. 
Collections of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Vol.1. 1851, 
'62, 68. • 
From J. JR. Burnet— Proceedings of tho Third Convention of Amorican 
Instructors of the Deaf and Dumb, hold at Columbus. Ohio. Aug., 1858. 
From lion. A. C. M. Pennington— Tho Seventh Census of the Unltod 
States,' embracing Statistical Views and an Appendix with Notes upon 
tho Tables of each of the States, etc. 
From J. 8. Loring— Third Annual Report of tho Superintendent of Public 
Schools. Boston. 

Seventeenth Annual Report of tho Board of Education, with tho 17th 
Report of tho Secretary of tho Board. , 

First Annual Report of tho Secrotary of tho Board of Agriculture, with 
Roports of Committees appointed to visit tho County Societies. 

Rules and Regulations of tho Public Library of tho City of Boston. — 
Nov. 8, 1853. 
From W, A. Whitehead— Congressional Globe and Appendix from Dec 

1884 to Feb. 1841, in 8 volumes, bound. .; 
From Jame* D. linen— Antiquities of tho Stato of New York, boing tho 
results of extonslvo original Surveys and Explorations, with a Supplement 
on tho Antiquities of tho West, By E. G. Squier, M. A. 
From P>ev. 0. S. Henry, D. D. —Tho Indebtedness of tho City of New York 
to its Unlvorslty. An Address by Professor J. W. Draper. 
Tho Truo Idea of tho University, and its relation to a Complete Systom 
of Public Instruction. An Address by 0. S. Henry, D. D. 
From D. A. Hayes, £>?.— Specimens of tho, Paper Currency of 1887. 
From Win. T. Harris, Camlriilge, Mats.— A Catalogue of the Officers and 

Students of Harvard University for the Academical Year, 1858-54. 
From Charles King, L. L. D.—A Memoir of tho Lifo of James Goro King. 
From tne Connecticut Historical Society— History of Ancient Woodbury, 
Connecticut, frpm the First Indian Deed in 1650 to 1854, including tho 
present Towns of Washington, Southbury, Bothlcm, Roxbury and a part 
of Oxford and Middlebury. By William Cothrcn. 

From — i Cuba Y Su Ooblorno, con un Apendice do documentos, 

Historicua. Londres. 1858. 

Lewi? A. Hall, M. D., Kacarh 
William 0. Price, Elitilethtottn. 






' TO NOVEMBER, 1770. ^ 

Josern Clark was born in Elizabethtown, Oct, 21, 1761. no was 
admitted to tho communion of tho Church at an early age, by that distin- 
guished Christian and patriot, tho Rot. James Caldwell. Do was appren- 
ticed to the trade of a carpenter at tho age of seventeen, and bad gTeat dif- 
ficulties to contend with in obtaining tho elements of loarnlng. After 
working all day at his trade, ho ttudied the Latin grammar at night bv tho 
light of a pine knot, and thus by indefatigablo diligence made himself ac- 
quainted with the classics. In two years after commencing this course, he 
presented himself for admission into Princeton College, and after a crcdita- 
blo examination was received into tho junior class. Tho Revolutionary 
war for a time broke up tho instructions of tho College. He thereupon 
joined tho army, and served for several years. He received flattering testi- 
monials from several distinguished military personages, for bis fidelity in 
tho discharge of various important trusts. After repeated Interruptions bo 
returned to College, and obtained his Bachelor's degree in 1781. 

Ho then applied himself to the fctudy of theology, and in two years was 
duly licensed to preach tho Gospel. On the 21st of October, \1bl, be took 
charge of the Presbyterian congregation at Allcntown, whence hi 'was 
translated to New Brunswick, Jan. 4, 1707. The people of his first charge 
mado a vigorous opposition, but were finally overruled by the Presbytery. 
Tho Church in New Brunswick was highly prosperous under his ministry, 
tho number of communicants at his death being double the number at his 
accession. Ho was a good disciplinarian, aud very attenlivo to tho semi- 
monthly catechising of the children. He was' greatly esteemed by his 






brethren in tho ministry, and his counsel and judgment were prized in tho 
ecclesiastical courts, llo was for many years a Trusttcc of tho Collego of 
Now Jersey, and a Director of tho Frinccton Theological Seminary- llo 
was ono of tho'mOsf, successful agents in collecting funds for tho re-building 
of Nassau Hall,- after it had boon destroyod by fire. It is from tho joiJrnal 
• which ho kopt during this agency, that the extracts berowith presented aro 
taken. ' 

Dr. Clark was a fino specimen of tho clergy of tho olden timo. To tho 
last ho wore powder and small clothes. As n preacher ho was solid, serious 
and impressive,. Ho was capablo of moving tho fcclings,'as well as instruct- 
ing the intellect Ho wept freely himself, and tho' tears of bis auditory at- 
tested his mastery over their hearts. Ho blended great dignity with affable 
manners. Few ministers have enjoyed to a greater degrco tho confidence 
and cstocm of their people. .1, 2 

Tho only production of his pon which was published, was a sermon on 
tho death of Oovornor Paterson, a mombcr of his flock, who, after an ex- 
emplary and useful life, dicd ( in tho enjoyment of a clear Christian hope, 
Sept 0, 1806, in tho Cist year of his ago. This discourso- was so accepta- 
ble that tho Trustees ordered $yo hundred copies to ho printed. It was 
written in a clear, manly stylo;, first defining tho character, of a Christian 
Statesman, and then applying tho description to the deceased. The closing 
part of tho discourse was a masterly appeal to tho conscience and feelings of 
tho different classes of hearers addressed. 

Dr. Clark continued in tho pastoral chargo at New Brunswick, beloved 
and esteemed, till his death, which occurred on Wednesday, Oct. 20, 1813. 
Tho Sunday beforo his death ho occupied tho pulpit, and preached from tho 
text, •' The time is suort," 1 Cor. vii, 29. On Tuesday night he retired 
to rest in his usual health, and suddenly expired in his bed ahout 3 o'clock 
tho next morning. ' A monument was aftorwardscrcctcd to tho memory of 
this excellent man, by privato subscription.* 

* For tbls sketch of Iter. Mr. Clark, the Committee on Publications tiro indebted 
to Kov. Robert Davidson, of New Brunswick. 



iSwrv 8 S r 7 Tl her i WaUing f0r tho Com P an 7 m Friday ; then set 
off on foot and travelled to Pompton, where I waited for tho men till Satur- 

17th of May. We continued at Pompton, at Mr. Bartoffs, having bad our 
Company and Captain McCullough's joined into a party, until May 27th, 
when we were ordered down to Taramus. The Company set off this dav 
but as the Brigade Major bad gone homo for 4 or 8 S^tSSS 

ZatPh&tiPfl i° 8h0U]d rctura - 0n thc 26th & %S 

bin I 6 ,, 'J ° ff r d ? m ° t0 ParamU8 i f0UDd th0 C °°A »«W 

beyond tho guards; stayed with thorn till Sunday, when wo were removed 

within the guards to Zabriskie's, This day bejng tho 1st of Juno, Co lonel 

i-Frdinghuyscn came to this place and took the command in tho room of Cot 

Soward, who was at this timo ill with thc small pox. Col. Frclinghuvsen 

255$ /rv" 11 Juno 16th - ,n wLkh tira ° * bad ™«* ™™ 

towards Bergen and took several articles from tho Tories, and some of them 

SftK* 1 th Jimc> a 8trong part7 of tbo ^ c ^ ( 21 °) ™* 

up to Hackcnsack ; wo soon got word of it and sent down our light ho-se 
who exchanged a few shots with them and returned. This, wo were toU 
afterwards put the enemy in great consternation. When our light bo™ 
returned the officers met to consult what was best to be done, as wo wer^ 
but weak at this tune, It was agreed we should make a feint retreat, about 
10 clock to too evening, which wo did in such a manner that th J whole 
neighborhood thought we were actually retreating. We marched on Ihrou.h 
a rough, tedious road, a dark^ight, and rain, thunder and lightning: Some- 
time after midnight wo arrived near tho place appointed, and where by an 
express, wo had appointed Gen'l Heard to mee£ us with his party from 
Pompton Hero wo took shelter from tho rain in a largo barn, and XfoS 
tin I dayhght In the morning, as Gen'l Heard did not join us, and as near 
300 of our men s times were out, who now refused to march down to meet 
«io enemy although wo had already proceeded some miles towards them 

b«A C /° ? ' gC ' ^ , W ° WCr ° D ° W but * ,ncon ^erablo handful, to march 
back again to our old station, where wo arrived about 11 o'clock. lSh of 
June we nudteA wilh ^ ^ ^ ^ lhck •' 

of those green coats might bo lurking about not far from that place, Siting 
for an opportunity to attack us, which we were resolved this day to giv! 





. ■ .- ■ . 




I i !- COS 

them, if they were there. We marched from Hackensack to the new bridge 
and took quarters this night. At 2 o'clock in the morning we all marched 
off to Paramus. 

Sunday, Junoipth, we sent out a scout of about 80 men down to tho 
English Neighborhood, having had straight intelligence that the green coata 
were to be this night in thoso parts to press wagons and horses, Ac The 
Ecout arrived there the same night Next morning, about 10 o'clock, hav- 
ing taken two Tories, as they were fixing them with the. guards ready to 
march off for home, they were fired upon by a party of the enemy, which 
was so sudden .and unexpected that it threw them Into confusion ; and 
although the two officers behaved with the greatest activity and spirit, it 
was impossible to recover them, and form thorn in rank ; and well it waa 
they did not, for, had they not escaped as they did, they would in a few 
minutes have been surrounded. Several of our men fired, and it was judged 
by all, did some execution ; three of our men were missing till two daya 
afterwards, when they all returned. Monday, Juno 36th, we received 
orders to march our Whole battalion to Pompton, where we arrived about 9 
o'clock in the evening. At Pompton wc stayed two days. This day, Juno 
19th, we received orders to march down to tho lines. We marched at sun- 
rise^ and took quarters this night below Morristown. : Next day came on to 
Bullion's tavern, where we took quarters, Waiting for further ordora. Tho 
enemy had, some days before this, removed from Brunswick to Millstone, 
near the Court House, and it was thought would make an attempt for Phila- 
delphia. This roused tho militia of all tho neighboring Counties, and they 
turned out with such a spirit as will do them honor to the latest ages. — 
Never did the Jerseys appear moro universally unanimous to oppose tho 
enemy; they turned out, young and old, great and. small, rich and poor. 
Scarcely a man that could carry a musket was left at homo. This Boon 
struck a panic into tho enemy, for they conld scarcely stir from their camp 
but they were cut off. They then fled with the greatest hasto to Bruns- 
wick ; but tho militia pursued them so close and so warmly, that they made 
no stay here." On Sunday morning, Juno 22d, 1777, they were drivon out 
of tho town and chased near to Amboy by the spirited militia and a small 
party of riflemen, who bchavod with tho greatest bravery. This was all 
affected with' almost no assistance from our standing army. Tho enemy, 
when they left Millstone and Brunswick, burnt several houses, strangled 
two or three women, ravishod others, and behaved in tho most cruel, bar- 
barous manner. Aftor the enemy was driven from Brunswick, our army h 
took possession of tho town, and the militia wcro discharged— such as haaV 
turned out on this alarm. "Wednesday, Juno 25th, part of the militia at 
Bullion's tavern were discharged and part ordered to march tho next day 
for Pompton, which they did. Friday, June 27th, I went to Baskingridge ; 
stayed all night ; wciV next day to Morristown; samo day to Elizabethtown. 
Tuesday, July 1st, I went into Amboy, which tho enemy had left tho night 
before. On this mcmorablo day wo had, tho pleasure to reflect that tho 
enemy had entirely left the Jerseys, except a few at Powlcs Hook. On 
Thursday, July 3d, I went from Elizabethtown to Morristown, where I con- 



tinued some days. Tuesday, July 8th, I was appointed D. Q. Master to 
Gon'l Stephens' division. Mustered two regiments on tho 10th On the 
11th the camp moved to the northward. July 19th, (I having been sick 
from the time that the army moved from this until this time, and now not 
perfectly recovered,) I set off to Join tho army ; got this day as far as Pomp- 
ton, where I lay very ill 4 days. July 24th, being much recovered, I went 
on t6 the Clove, and finding that Gen'l Stephens' division was gone to Ches- 
ter, I followed on to that place. Next day the division moved towards tho 
Delaware; I followed on and went to Sussex. Tho division passed on 
througa Sussex to tho Delaware, but I being unwell, wentto Morristown 
on the 20th July 81st, I went on to Baskingridge; next day to Raritan 
; and Amwell. August 2d, went on to Pennsylvania ; the 8d, to near Ger- 
mantown; the 4th, to camp, below Oermantown. August 6th tho camp 
moved towards the Delaware; on the 9th, I came up with them; on the 
10th, the camp moved to tho Cross Roads; I joined them tho same day 
continued with them, and completed my business by tho 14th of Aujrust! 
This day set out and camo to the Jerseys ; lodged at CoL Chambers'- next 
day came to Jacobus Johnson's ; stayed all night ; next day went to Prince- 
ton, made somo preparations for pursuing my studies. August 19th re- 
turned to Amwell ; 22d, wcnl again to Princeton ; waited to seo tho doctor 
Sunday, 24th, lost my horse; stayed looking for him till Wednesday 27th' . 
when I advertised him and camo off on foot to Amwell. Next day rode to 
Trenton on a borrowed horse, then returned him and proceeded on foot 
with the two Jersey regiments, who were on their way to the grand army 
This night reached Bristol ; next day proceeded on to near Philadelphia, 2 
miles below Frankford ; next morning passed through the city and cftssed 
over the Schuylkill at the bridge ; hero I left the two regiments and hastened 
on to camp. This day I got 2 miles below Chester. Next dav, Sunday, I 
fortunately got in a covered wagon and rode 12 miles t6 Brandywine ; from 
thence I went on foot through Wilmington and found the division 4 miles 
below that place. Monday, September 1st; began the mustering, and pushed 
on the business as far as possible. On Wednesday, while I was musterinr 
a regiment, about 8 o'clock In tho morning, wo were ahrmed, and struck 
tents Immcd.atcly. Tho whole division, with Gen'l Green's, marched about 
i l miles down, and posted ourselves, waiting for tho enemy till some time iu 
the afternoon, and as they did not come, we returned to camp again. From 
tho time the enemy landed at the head of tho Elk, wo had our scouts out, 
composed of enlisted troops and militia, who engaged them at different 
times and with different success ; sometimes killing and taking some of the 
enemy, and sometimes sharing the samo fate themselves. On Saturday Cth 
or September, the whole army moved nigher to\ho enemy; head quarters 
was moved from Wilmington to Newport. 'On Saturday night all the heary 
baggage was sent off to Brandywine, expecting next morning to make the 
attack but tho enemy did not como on, so nothing was dono this day but 
lortirylng; parapet walls were thrown up to a great extent, trees fcllcd to 
secure tho ftfnks and important passes. By Monday morning everything 
was in readiness for an engagement; tho troops marched down and took 






post in the entrenchments and went through the exercise. Tho reserved 
corps took their station at a proper distance and performed several manoeu- 
vres. After waiting till ahout 10 o'clock, tho'trooj>s from tho lines marched 
to their old camping ground. I went then lo Newport, and from thence to 
my quarters. Soon after I left tho town, I heard tho alarm guns fire. 
When I got home, word camo by a light horseman that the enemy wcro 
advancing very fast. Our troops woro kept in readiness and a largo scout 
sent out under tho command of Gcn'l Maxwttl, who in their route fired 
several times upon tho enemy. As our situation near Newport was such 
that tho enemy could not pass that way to Philadelphia without meeting 
our army, and thereby bringing on a general engagement, *hey, this night, 
(Monday night,) .by ft by road, with good guides, got privately round our 
right wing of encampment and was advancing towards Philadelphia by. tho 
Lancestcr road ; wo, however, got word of it in time, and tho wholo army 
moved at 1 or 2 o'clock at night Fortunately for me, ono of our Brigado 
Major's being unwell, lodged in' tho samo house I did. Word was sent to 
him in tho night of tho movement of tho army ; ho woko mo up and wo 
camo off in tho night and joined tho army beforo day. "Wo continued on 
tho march till past noon and crossed Brandywino at Brumadgham, and 
and posted on tho heights by tho main road, where the enemy must advanco 
if they come this Way. . I took lodging at a house this night not far from 
camp. On tho 10th, preparation was making for a stand ; and on the 11th, 
about 8 o'clock in tho morning, the alarm guns fired, and in a very short 
time the cannonading began. Tho situation of tho heights on each side of 
tho creek was nearly aliko advantageous for both parties, thongh thositua- 
tion of the enemy with their cannon very much favored their design of 
crossing the creek. Our army was drawn up in a lino on ono side, whilo 
tho enemy lay with their main body concealed on tho other, and, indeed, 
tho greater part of our lino was concealed. Wo had, likewise, a party of 
light infantry on tho other sido of tho erect, who had several skirmishes 
with the enemy, and. wo judged, at tho lowest computation, killed 200 of 
them, and took a field pieco which they wcro obliged to leave, for want of 
tho horses, and tho enemy being on tho advanco with a reinforcement. Tho 
cannon continued to play from tho different batteries, though not very 
briskly, till about half-past 4 in "tho afternoon. There were three folding 
places on tho creek over which wo expected tho enemy to pass ; tho mid- 
dlo ono at Brumadgham bottoms, whoro his Excellency was, and where, on 
tho heights, our batteries were. At this, tho cannonading began in tho morn- 
ing. At tho upper ford tho enemy sent a great part of their force about 
noon. Three divisions of our army wero sent immediately to oppose them, 
viz ; Sterling's, Sullivan's, and Stephens' ; but as thoro wcro no heights at 
this ford, on our side, to prevent their landing, by cannon from battories, wo 
were obliged to oppose them after thoy had crossed ; but as their number 
was larger than was expected, thoy stretched their lino beyond ours, and 
flanked our right wing, shortly after tho action began. This occasioned tho 
lino to break, to provont being surrounded, though tho firing, whilo tho 
action lasted, was tho warmest, I believe, that baa been in America sinco 

■-• .-■ 

■ - 

diary or JosErn clark, 

tho war begun ; and, as our men on tho left of the lino wero pretty ^vell 
stationed, they swept off gTeat numbers of tho enemy beforo they retreated 
and from the best accounts I could collect from the officers in the action, tho 
enemy must have suffered very much from our people beforo they broke, 
though, indeed, our pcoplo suffered much in this action, and would havo 
suffered moro if Gcn'l Green had not been detached to their assistance, by 
whose timely aid they made a safe retreat of the men, thauzh we lost somo 
pieces of artillery ; he, howevca, got up too late to form in A proper lino 
and givo our party that was broken timo to recover. Notwithstanding this 
repulse, which wa3 tho most severe upon tho 8d Virginia regiment, who, 
through mistake, was fired upon by our own men, our wholo body got off 
with but an inconsidcrabfo loss in men, though something considerable in 
artillery. When tho action began at the upper ford, tho batteries at tho 
roiddlo ford opened upon each other with such fury as if tho elements had 
been in convulsions ; tho" valloy was filled with smoke, and now I grew 
seriously anxious for tho event For an hour and a half this horrid sport 

. continued, and about 6unsct, I saw a column of the enemy advance to ono 
of our batteries and tako it Under cover of their cannon they had crossed 
at tho ford, and were advancing in a largo body. What we lost at our bat- 
teries I havo not yet hoard. As all our militia were at tho lower ford, where 
was no action, and Gen'l Green sent to reinforce at tho upper ford, wo had 
not a very largo party to opposo tho enemy at tho middlo ford. Tho body 
stationed across tho valley, drew off to tho right, and formed farther back, 
on an eminence, when an engagement began with musketry, and tho enemy 
gavo way ; but, as night was spreading its dusky shade through the gloomy 
valley, and our army was something broke, it was necessary to leavo tho 
field of action and tako care of tho troops. Accordingly, after sunset, tho 
party at the middle ford drew off and marched down to Chester, where tho 
wholo array, by appointment, met Tho Bun^Tvas set when I left tho hill 
from whenco I saw tho fate of the day. Ills Excellency I saw within 200 
yards of tho enemy, with but a small party about him, and they drawing off 

i from their station, our array, broko at the right, and night coming on, add- 
ing a gloom to our misfortuues, amidst tho noiso of cannon, the hurry of 
people, and wagons driving in confusion from the field, I camo off with a 
heart full of distress. In painful anxiety I took with hasty step tho gloomy 
path from the field, and travelled 15 miles to Chester, where I slept two 
hours upon a couple of chairs. Next day wo came off to Philadelphia and 
took post near tho Falls of the Schuylkill. Our loss, cither in men or artil- 
lery, I havo not yet heard, though it is certait) our loss in men is not by a 
great odds equal to the enemy's. Sunday, September 14th, tho whole array 
crossed over the Schuylkill and marched up as far as tho White Horse. 
Gen'l Washington finding tho enemy had a design against our stores at 
Beading, was obliged to divido his attention -two ways, both to secure tho 
Store*, and, if possible, tho city; but, finding it impossible in his present 
situation to do both, he attended chiefly to the security of the stores, and by 
extraordinary vigilance and forced marches, he baffled all the stolen marches 
of tho enemy. Having proceeded with his army to a little beyond Beading 



ciarv cr josErn clahk. 

Furnace, Ihc enemy found it impossible to tako tho stores, without coming 
to an engagement, which they seemed to chooso rather to decline, and 
marched farther down tho Schuylkill, and crossed over part of their army, 
while the other part continued still on the. west side. Gen'l 'Washington did 
not, however, according to their wish, proceed down far with his army, to 
give their party on tho west sido, an opportunity of taking tho stores, but 
prudently kept.back his army, and proceoded downwards with great caution. 
lie lay for sometime with his army about tho Trapp Tavern, watching tho 
motion of the enemy, as well as recruiting his army by giving them rest, 
after their long, fatiguing marches, by day and night, in very uncomfortable 
weather. Ho was, at this time, also gotting very considerable reinforce- 
ments to his army, both of enlisted troops and militia ; the Jersey, Penn- 
sylvania, Maryland and Virginia militia joined him at this place. After our 
jinny had crossed over tho Schuylkill, 14th of September, I stayed at that 
place till tho 18th. of September, when I hired a horse to go to tho Jcrsoys to 
get some clothes. I came to Jacobus Johuson's on tho 19th; nest day I 
went towards Princeton.' When I got to Jno. Updiko's I found the marq 
which 1 had lost 24th .August, and tho hired creaturo I had with mo being 
unwell, I put her in the pasturo and rodo tho other to Princeton ; did some 
business there and rcturnedj'tho same night to llpdike's. Next morning 
the creature I had hired was dead. I then camo off with tho other to Am- 
well, where I left her in pasture, and next morning took my saddle to James 
Grccloc's wagon to get it conveyed to tho owner; wc were detained Monday, 
Tuesday, and till Wednesday noon mending tho wagon. Wednesday night 
we lodged at the Ferry, below Tronton ; next day went on to Bristol ; then 
took the Bristol road and lodged this night at a private houso, beyond tho 
Four Lanes End ; next day went on to the Cross Boads. and lodged at tho 

widow Carr's; next day, Saturday, proceeded to North , lodged at a 

private house, and tho next day wo came up with tho army about noon ; 
stayed all night out of camp. Monday, September 29th, tho wholo army 
moved or 7 miles lower down on tho Scupack Boad, whero we halted till 
Thursday ; then the whole army marched about a mile farther down and 
posted on very convenient heights. On Friday morning tho whole army 
was under marching orders, and kept in constant readiness till evening, 
when they were ordered to leave all their baggage, and tents standing, and 
to cany nothing but their arms and accoutrements and ammunition, and a 
little provision, that they might bo os light as possible. Thoy marched 
about sunset and took about half tho pieces out of tho park, leaving tho 
rest with a guard, of such as wcro less fit to go on with tho army, who had 
orders to put all tho baggage and tents in tho wagons, and to wait further 
orders. About daylight, next morning, tho advanced part of our anny 1 
camo uj. with tho enemy's picket ; and although the picket was reinforced 
to near 1600, as it is thought, they wero put to tlie flight by only Gen'l 
Conway's Brigade. Immediately the separate division of tho army (or Bomo 
of them) drew up in order for battlo ; but tho fogs so obscured our sight that 
that it was 6carcoIy possiblo to discern for 11 or 12 rods between our men 


and tho enemy. Notwithstanding, the enemy wcro driven 8 or 4 mileB and 
our mon pursued with great spirit almost through German Town ; but by 
the unhappy circumstance of tho thick fog and two of our Divisions mis- 
taking each other for tho enemy, and the enemy advancing two large col- 
umns against our flanks, while the centre of our army was pretty far ad- 
vanced and had their attention too much taken up with some of the enemy 
that had got into a largo house or church, from which they fired upon our 
pcoplo out of the windows, wo were obliged to draw off to prevent being 
surrounded, as our flanks were not able to oppose the columns that camo 
ngainst them. This threw the whole into disorder, and occasioned a retreat 
in some confusion. In this action there was a considerable slaughter on 
both sides, though I think it may be said with truth that the enemv in this 
a:tion also sufl'ercd both in killed and wounded a great deal moro than our 
army ; however, I am noLablo to ascertain tho losses on cither aide. On 
this evening marched up and encamped near Paulin's Mills ; hcrowo lay 
till Wednesday, collecting our army, getting in recruit, and equipping our 
men with aims and ammunition. On Tuesday evening, just about sunset, 
an alarm was (Ired, which, though it was false, proved of great scrvico to 
tho army in hastening on their equipment On Wednesday, October 8th 
the army moved to Moyamcn.sing township, whero wo wero farther employ- 
ed in completing our men with an:<s and such clothing as had come to hand. 
At this place also wc had several reinforcements come in. Tuesday, tho 
14th, by an express from the northward wc learned of the glorious victory 
over Gen'l Lurgoyno's army. Next day wo had rejoicing— guns fired. On 
Thursday, October ICth, tho army marched down the Scupack Boad below 
Wench's Tavern, and encamped on the heights. On Saturday, by express 
from the northward, we learned of the total overthrow of Burgoyno's army 
—of his being, with his army, made prisoners of war. On this Joyful oc- 
casion cannon were fired, and a feu dc joie with musketry and huzzahing.- 
The chaplains were likewise ordered to preparo short discourses to deliver . 
to their respective brigades. On Saturday evening several detachments 
from the different brigades Wero sent down towards the enemy, and pro- 
ceeded through German Town to tho Bising Sun. Monday morning tho 
whole army moved 4 miles lower down the Scupack Boad to a placo called 
Whipping. Tuesday, Oct. 21st, moro detachments were Bent down to relievo 
thoso that wcro Bint before. This night they passed and rc-passcd the 
Schuylkill at Ford Mecca Bedwnrd (?) : next day more men wcro sent down 
to the detachments. On the 20d, a heavy cannonading began very early in 
the morning between the enemy's ships and our row galleys. Tho cannon- 
ading continued till past noon, when a fino ship and raft were sent, which 
grappled with two of their ships— the ono a 04, tho other a 82— and in a 
short time consumed them ; and a third, 'tis said, took Are, but was put out. 
This night our detachments that were sent down tho other- sido of tho 
Schuylkill, returned to camp. October 24th, account was brought to head- 
quarters that our pcoplo at Bed Dank had killed and taken 600 of tho Hes- 
sians, 12 field pieces, and the Hessian General was amoDgst the shin. Tho 
2i ' 



account soon after came out in goncral orders, making the number of killed 
and taken at least 400. The battlo was on the 22d of October. Count 
Dcnop was wounded and taken ; likewise his Brigade Major taken. The 
two ships were destroyed on tho 23d, being set on flro by their own men af- 
ter they had run aground. On tho 2d of. November the camp moved from 
Whipping to White Marsh, from whenco scouts were daily sent out. No- 
vember the 0th, 14 prisoners wcro brought in — 7 light-horsemen with their 
horses, and 7 foot-men.' Almost every day numbers of women came to the 
camp from the city, bringing word of tho scarcity of provisions there. 
November the 11th, I left tho camp and came over to the Jerseys. Thurs- 
day I wont to Princeton ; next day returned to Araw6H, nnd next day to 
Col. Chambers's. Sunday, Nov. 16th, proceeded to Raritan. On Monday 
I went to Morristown, where I stayed, getting some clothes made, till Satur- 
day, when I went to Elizabcthtown. Stayed here till "Wednesday, the 26th, 
then set off for Morristown ; got as far as" Springfield, where I heard that 
our militia wero to go this night over to Staten Island. I then turned back 
to Elizabcthtown. About midnight we set off, and crossed at llalsted's 
Point. My brother was appointed pilot to Major Crane's party, and I went 
with him. At Abraham Spcrsc's we were attacked by a plcquct. After a 
short firing wo drovo them ; then proceeded on a little farther, nnd were at- 
tacked a second time, when wo drove them also. Then we went on and 
finished the route that was appointed lis. Searched some houses for the 
enemy and stores. In ono house was found a number of knapsacks blan- 
r kots, &c. My brother and I got each of us a knapsack, in ono of which we 
found 14 yards of linen and some small articles; then meeting Gen'l Dick- 
inson, wo camo off to the Jersey shore. Our rear, in coming off, was fired 
upon by tho enemy, who followed them to the meadow-edge ;' but when our 
cannon fjred upon them they soon ran off. In this route little was done, 
becauso .the enemy had got word, by a certain Tory, of our coming. I 
went this night to my brother's ; next morning to Morristown. Saturday 
was a severe storm. Sunday evening I left Mori istown and came, to Bask- < 
ingridge ; next day to Amwcll. Tuesday I stayed at Amwcll. Next day 
wont on to tho Cross Roa^ls ; lodged at Mrs. CarrV. Thursday came to 
camp, and was preparing for mustering. I lodged this night in camp. At 
8 o'clock tho alarm-guns flrccLwhen the tents were all struck and sent oil' 
.with all tho baggage 10 miles from camp. The trrops paraded on the lines 
and waited some time, but as tho enemy did not conic on to the attack, they 
grounded their arms at tho lines, and went to their huts.. The enemy came 
up within a mile and a half of our encampment, and appeared to be cutting 
n great store of wood.' They burned Fomc houses at German Town and 
Chestnut Hill, and mado several attempts to get round our left wing, but 
found us too vigilant to givo them such an adyantago without cost, On 
Sunday, Dec. 7th, there was a small skirmish between n party of the enemy 
and Col. Morgan's riflemen, joined by some militia. At first the enemy re- 
treated, but soon reinforced and drove our little party, tliough with but 
littlo loss. Gen'l Erwinc was taken prisoner this week, goin£ out as a vol- 



-w 103 

untccr with somo scouting party. On Monday night tho enemy went back 
to Philadelphia, after plundering and distressing tho inhabitants in a shame- 
ful manner. It seems the enemy had waited all this timo before oar lines 
to decoy us from tho heights we possessed, and thereby get an advantage 
ovor us; but finding they could not succeed in this, nor in getting our left 
flank, thoy thought best to go off While the enemy lay beforo outlines, 
our men suffered much frOm tho cold, being without their tents and bag- 
gago; nor had tho baggago got to the camp Thursday morning when the 
array moved very early to tho Schuylkill, where tho enemy met us at tho 
Swccd's Ford. About 10 o'clock in the morning there was a short firing 
between the advanced party of the, enemy and our advanced party who 
wcro attempting to cross tho Schuylkill ; each party soon took back to tho 
heights on each side of the river. Our army encamped on the east side till 
Friday night, when they crossed at tho Sweed's Ford, over a bridge mado 
with wagons. Tho seems had gono lower down tho Schuylkill, or 
into tho city. Our array proceeded over the Schuylkill to tho Gulph Mills, 
whero thoy encamped. I camo up with them about noon, and went on two 
miles from camp for quarters, where I stayed till Sunday night About 9 
o'clock we were alarmed by sovoral messengers who brought us word that 
the enemy were within two miles, advancing fast. I immediately ,went to 
camp;, reconnoitring parties wcro sent out, and the regiment paraded 
• at their alarm posts and waited some time ; then returned to their tents. 
This alarm, it scorns, arose from somo of our light-horse, who wcro dressed 
in red, and pretending they were of tho British, began to plunder somo of 
the inhabitants some miles from camp. After this alarm we wcro detained 
at this encampment somo days by tho rain and excessivo muddy roads. 
_ Friday, Dec. 19th— Tho camp moved to near the Valley Forgo, where wo 
immediately struck up temporary huts covered with leaves. In a few davs 
we began the building of our log huts. About tho 21st of tho month' a 
largo foraging party of the enemy camo out towards Darby. Several scouts 
from tho army, with Col Morgan's riflemen, went down to oppose theci and 
had several skirmishes, inVhich, by what I can learn, each fared nearly 
alike. The enemy, however, after plundering tho inhabitants severely, 
went back to tho city, and our scouts rvturncd to camp. General Sullivan's 
division, under tho command of Brig. Gen. Smallwood, removed from tho 
camp to Wilmington. Gen'l Sullivan undertook the direction of bui! ling a 
bridge over the Schuylkill. Tho building our log huts at this timo was 
going on very fast. 

A schooner, bound from New York to Philadelphia, was blown ashoro 
near Wilmington, when Gen'l Smallwood, with a party and two field-pieces, 
went down and took her, and in her was taken 800 chests of arms— 25 in' 
each chest-total, 8,760, the baggago of the officers of four regiments, liquor. 
•fee, A\ c had reports that three other vessels were taken at the Jersey shore 
about tho same time. About tho loth of January, 177S, a quantity of blan- 
kcts stockings and shoos arrived at camp from Virginia, and were distrib- 
uted among the Virginia troops. Almost daily reports prevailed in camp 







I n, 


of a war between England and France. For my own part, I could not toll - 
whether to look upon it as a matter of reality or amusement About this 
time also a general dissatisfaction prevailed in the army with Congress, es- 
pecially amongst tho Virginians, who now appeared to have lost much of 
that public spirit and heroic resolution which at first roused them up to 
vigorous oxcrtions. 'Us true tho Virginia troops nt this time 'were very 
naked lor want of clothing, as was indeed tho army in general, especially 
for shoes. However, I could not sco the propriety of blaming Congress for 
all our 'deficiencies. Could they have seen into futurities, they might per- 
haps have prevented some of them. . , 

About tho 15th of January, wo had our huts nearly completed, and tho 
men in corafortablo quarters. Monday; Jan'y 10th, a party of about 200 
of tho enemy's light ho/so attacked ail advanced party of our horse — 8 or 
10 in number — befbro they wcro dressed in tho morning ; but by the bravery 
of Capt. Leo and his little party,'thcy wcro prevented entering the house, ' 
and driven off with tho loss of twVkilled and four wounded. Capt. Lee's 
Lieutenant was slightly wounded J Same day some of our small scouts wcro 
attacked by parties of their horse, but camo off without loss. The cry 
against Congress qtill continued as high as ever : men of no less rank than 
Colonels spoko of thorn with tho greatest contempt and detestation ; indeed 
every body of men who were entrusted with supplies for .the army shared 
largely in tho profusion of curses and ill will of tho amp, I plainly saw 
that thoso whom tho cry of Liberty had called into the field, could now 
(whon tho same causo ceased to be a novelty) bo held in it by no other tio 
than that of Interest 

' Sunday evening, January 24th, a party of 200 of our men went with 30 
or 40 wagons down to German Town, and took a great quantity of leather 
out of tho vats, and brought it oft" to camp. The enemy got early word of 
it, and pursued tliem a ponsiderablo distance with 8,000 foot and soma 
horso, and 4 field pieces, but had not tho good fortune to overtake them. 
As our huts wcro now completed, and tho men in comfortable quarters, wc 
immediately set to fortifying tho encampment This, with the advantageous 
situation of tho camp, and tho bridgo over tho Schuylkill, not only made us 
very secure in camp, but enabled us to act with advantago against tho 
enemy in almost any route. Tho troops being thus securely fixed in their 
winter quarters, the attention of our councils and leading men was in a moro 
particular mannor turned to now-modeling tho army. For this purpose a 
Committco of Congress 1 camo to camp and entered upon the business; and 
although this was a matter which should havo been sottlcd from tho first, 
yet considering tho situation of tho country, and how our army was first 
raised, and tho pressing call for them to appoar immediately in tho field, tho 
revolutions that havoainco takon place, and tho harrassod condition of the 
army since they wore called in service, 'tis not to bo wondered at, that tho 
regular njodcling of tho army was doferred till this time. Tho Committco 
having settled tho plan, Bont it to Congress for examination and ratification. 
Tho opinion of Congress is not yet known. 


During the winter, forage was exceeding scarce, and vast numbers of the 
team and artillery horses died. 

v A great quantity of clothing came from Virginia, for tho officers and sol- 
diers of that State, which was much wanting. 

About tho 1st of April, a new plan of exercise was fallen upon In the 
army, introduced and taught by Baron De Steuben. On tho 1st of May, 
accounts arrived at camp, of Franco having acknowledged our Independ- 

On "Wednesday, Cth of May, a feu de joic was fired, and a general invi- 
tation of tho officers of the army to dine with His Excellency in the centre 
of the camp, whero several remarkable toasts wcro drunk. Tho day was 
spent in mirth and rejoicing, and in very good order. .The officers returned 
to their regiments, and took particular caro of their men to bo in readiness, 
lest the enemy should surprise us in our mirth. About this time tho re- 
cruits from the difforcnt'Stntes were coming in, though but few from the 
eastward reached our camp, being stopped above New York to join tho de- 
tachment there. The enemy's lying so still, gave us an opportunity to re- 
pair the destructions of last campaign, and the losses and ruin of the win- 
ter ; also to inoculate such of our troops as had not had tho small-pox. 

The 11th of May I set out from camp for tho Jerseys. On the 12th, 
reached Jacobus Johnson'-;. My horse being badly foundered, sold him. 
14th, went to Princeton ; was very happy with my friends. 16th, returned 
to Amwell. 16th, went to Elizabethtown, having bought me a good horse 
at Princeton. Stayed at Elizabethtown till tho 23d, then went to Morris- 
town to see my mother. 25th, went to Mcndham, saw friends, and 20th, to 
Baskingridgo, and so on to Boundbrook ; 27th, to Princeton, where I stayed 
till 80th ; then came to Amwell, got ray things ready, aud set off for camp 
Juno 4th. Arrived in camp Juno 6th ; found the camp all in expectation 
of a speedy and sudden move. Tho enemy were expected to go through 
New Jersoy, which Stato has made tho utmost preparation to give them a 
warm reception ; had also made every preparation to cxpedito tho march of 
our troops to ovcrtako tho enemy if thoy should move that way. The reg- 
ular Jersey forces having all moved from camp down to Mount Holly, where 
they wcro joined by tho drafts, and tho regiments completed, half tho mil- 
itia wcro also called out to join them, and tho other half wcro ready to 
move upon tho signals being given. A little before this time, Gen'l Gates 
was sent to tako tho command abovo New York. Genl Sullivan's division 
was recalled from Wilmington to camp. Our army in camp waa now very 
8trong; but a fover prevailed amongst them, which in many instances 
proved mortal. To provent this misfortune, tho army removed from their 
huts the 10th of Juno, and encamped front of our old ground In clear 
fields, whero wo had good air, good water, and comfortable shelter and sup- 
plies. About this time wo got word of the arrival of tho Commissioners, 
as they sent despatches to Congress and to Head Quarters, and matters 
wcro now seemingly pretty quiet, waiting, as we supposed, the result of a 
conference, by persons appointed, with the Commissioners. 

• ,■■-- 

- - ,. — - - 



Thursday, June 18th, tho enemy moved very early out of tho city, and 
crossed the Delaware at Cooper's Ferry. Some of our light-horso and 
scouting parties immediatc.y pushed into tho town, and took CO or 70 pris- 
oners, among whom were officers. Same day Gcn'l Leo was detached 
with Hunterdon's, Poor's, and Varnum's brigades, and moved at 8 o'clock 
towards the Delaware. . Gcn'l Wayno's division and Iato Conway's brigade 
moved at 6 o'clock, tho samo course. Next morning tho whole army 
moved towards tho Delaware, and the rear crossed. Monday morning, 
Juno 22d, tho whole army encamped near tho now meeting house, having 
got word that tho enemy were moving toward Trenton, tho army marched 
next morning towards them, and encamped at Hopewell, the enemy having 
altcrciTthcir route towards Monmouth. Thursday, 25th, thoy marched to 
Kingston ; next day to Cniriborry ; ' next day to English Town. Tho onemy 
finding that our army had got so near them, had by appointment joined 
their two columns at Monmouth Court Houso, when they immediately sont 
off all their heavy baggngo, ,cattle^ &c, with an advanced party, towards 
Middlotown Point ; at tho samo timo choosing out their gronadiers, light 
infantry and guards for a covering party. 

Sunday, Juno 28th, tho two armies had drawn near to each other, when 
in a Council of War it was thought proper to attack them. Accordingly 
tho proper dispositions wero mado, and parties of militia and regular troops 
were detached to provoke them to tho attack. After somo trifling, skir- 
mishes in tho early part of tho day, tho enemy were drawing off below 
Monmouth, when Gcn'l Leo with his command advanced upon them and 
began tho cannonade. Tho enomy immediately turned and prepared for 
the attack. Gen'l Leo, finding his ground not 60 advantagaous, withdrow 
gradually to lead them on, though 'tis said ho at length withdrew so far 
and so fast as to bo highly culpable. Howovcr, having secured proper 
heights, a resolute stand was made, and prodigious execution dono with tho 
cannon. A large flanking party was sent down upon the loft of the enemy's 
line, who did great execution. Small parties of musketry wero stationed 
at different places on tho enemy's right, who wero also serviceable Tiio 
cannonade began about 10 o'clock, and continued till lato in tho afternoon, 
whon tho onemy gavo way and retreated some distance, then halted, and it 
was expected would como on again to tho attack. In tho mean timo, our 
mon having pursued thom BOmt) distance, wero drawn up and posted In such 
a mannor as to recelvo them to tho bosVodvantago. But tho day being bo 
excessively warm, and tho enemy so handsomely drubbed already, thoy did 
not attempt to meot us again. His Excellency commanded in person, and 
tho officers and men in general who wero in action, behaved with tl o great- 
est spirit Thoro were upwards of 250 of tho enomy buried in tho field, 
and about 40 of our people, Tho number of wounded and prisoners on 
either side I have toot boon.ablo to collect About 12 o'clock at night tho 
enomy went off with tho greatest precipitation, and our troops noxt day 
came up to Englishtown. Col. Morgan and somo of the militia wero dc- 
tachod to hang upon thoir rear, who followed them to Middlotown. 



Wednesday, July 1st, our army, all hut Gen'l Maxwell's brigade, marched 
towards Brunswick, where thoy arrived next day, and encamped on, each 
sido of the river. Sunday morning the left of tho front lino marched off 
through, Quibble Town. Next morning tho right of tho same lino marched 
the samo course, and the next morning tho third and last Division followed 
them. Gcn'l Maxwell's brigade and CoL Morgan's corps pursued their rear 
and took several prisonors, a number of horses and some baggage, 

Monday, July 6th, tho enemy wore all embarked, and Gcn'l Maxwell and 
Col. Morgan returned. 4th of July, while the enemy lay at Brunswick, a 
Jen de joie was fired, it being an anniversary celebration of Independence. 
Tho army moved from Brunswick by the following 6tages: — 1st, to Scotch 
Plains; 2d, Springfield; 8d, Wardlston; 4th, Aquackanonk; 6tb, Para- 
mus ; 0th, Cakaryatt ; 7th, King's Ferry, whero (ho army crossed. Scott's 
and Woodford's brigades crossed July 17th. Next day Gen'l Scott's brig- 
ades ' proceeded on towards Croton's Bridge. Gcn'l Woodford's marched 
by Peekskill to above the village, where thoy lay till Monday, July 20th, 
then followed after tho army, which had by this time got within 7 miles of 
White Plains. I Joined thom Wednesday, 22d. From this "placo detach- ' 
mcnls wore sent to tho Fort at West Point, and somo to Rhode Island. 

Friday, 24th, the army moved down to Whito Plains and Joined Genl 
Gates' army. Immediately large detachments were sent down towarus tho 
enemy's lines. Tho French had, somo days before this, left tho Hook, and 
sailed for Rhodo Island to attack part of tho enemy's fleet and army that 
lay at tlint place. Varnum's and Glover's- brigades wero sent to act in con- 
junction with them, under tho command of Marquis do Lafayette. 

' Soon after the arrival of tho French flcot at that place, wo got word that 
tho onemy evacuated Conanicut Island in such hasto that they set fire to 
the King Fisher and 2 or 8 now gallics which were aground there and could 
not speedily bo got off. •• Wo heard, also, by somo deserters from tho city, 
that on Sunday, 2nd of August, 20 odd buildings wero burned in the city, 
some of which wero magazines of provision. Deserters came over to us 
almost every day, moro or loss. About tho latter end of July wo received 
the shocking news of tho massacro at tho Wyoming settlement, perpetrated 
about the 1st of tho month. The Indians and Tories wero headed by one 
Butler. Our troops at Rhodo Island, after suffering prodigiously in their 
landing, by reason of a sevcro storm, besieged the enemy on tho Windmill 
Heights, and continued tho sicgo sovcral days with success, having opened 
6omo batteries within musket shot of tho enemy's works. Mcanwhilo tho 
British floot from Now York, under the command of Lord How, hovo in 
sight, when tho French fleet immediately pursued them ; but during their 
obsenco from tho Island thoy were so sadly shattered by tho storm, that 
upon their return thoy wero obliged immediately to go to Boston to refit ; 
consequently, our peoplo on tho Island were left In danger of being Bhut in 
by the British fleet, and all taken beforo thoro could bo a possibility or suc- 
cour. In this situation they continued tho sicgo somo days, and at length 
quit the siege ; but as our rear was withdrawing from their lines, tho enemy 


diary or Joseph clark. 

sallied out upon! them, and a brisk action ensued. Each side continued re- 
inforcing till tho action became genoral, and enemy were finally drove into 
their works ; but tho loss was considerable on both sides. 

On Saturday, August 20th, a largo number of transports went up tho 
Sound towards Rhode Island ; though our troops had fortunately got off, 
with all their stores and baggage, beforo their arrival. During tho sicgo at 
tho' Island, sovoral littlo skirmishes happened down towards King's Bridgo ; 
in ono wo lost somo of our Indians. Dcsorters almost every day, more or 
less, wero coming in to us j and tho 8th of September, very early in the 
morning, a largo body of tho enemy camo up within 7 or 8 miles of our 
camp, and stolo off a' number of our poor wagon horses below Marincck, 
and hastened back wjth.all speed. Our troops were all paraded, expecting 
they wero about to fall in Our way somo whero ; but it seems the sun had 
got too high for them, and they skulked back to their dens. . 

Thursday, September 10th, I set off from camp for the Jerseys; reached 
Lyon's Farms ; day to Elizabcthtown, eo on to Princeton and Amwcll, 
then back to Morristown and Elizabcthtown. On the 10th, tho camp moved 
from White Plains to Fredcricksburgh, in Dutchess' county. The Virginia 
troops marched to Robinson's seat, opposite tho Fort at West Point. 22d, 
n largo body of tho enemy came over to Ilackcnsack and pitched by the 
Now Bridgo ; immediately set to building a redoubt and entrenchments, and 
plundering the country for forago and fresh provisions. The militia were 
instantly alarmed, and almost tho whole of tho Provinco turned out? 

Whilo tho enemy were plundering at and about Ilackcnsack, their troops 
on Statcn Island (which were reported to bo very strong by reinforcements 
from Now York) mado several feints .to come over to Elizabcthtown, the ex- 
pectation of which kept Gen'l Maxwell's brigado in the town, and large 
parties of militia stationed along the shore as far as Woodbridge, whilo 
Oon'l Winds', brigado took post at Paramus, near tho enemy's fort. Tho 
militia along tho river under tho command of Col. Hay, marched down to 
Clarkstown. About tho 27th, Gen'l Winds' brigado removed to Aquacka- 
nonk Bridgo. A party from Gen'l Maxwell's brigado wero stationed at 
Newark. When tho enemy camo to Ilackcnsack, Col. Baylard's regiment 
of dragoons and & detachment of infantry, who wero posted there, retreated 
to Paramus. 

Sunday, tho 27th/ Col. Baylard's regiment removed to the neighborhood 
between Tappan and Clarkstown, whero before day next morning thoy 
wore surprised in their quarters by a party of tho British horso and infant- 
ry, who hacLcotno up tho river and landod below Tappan. Thoy al armed 
tho different quarters so instantly that but fow had titno to mount. Several 
were murdered on tho spot, without tho least morcy Or quarter given them. 
Some wero inhumanly butchered and loft for dead, who wero aftorwards 
brought off. Major Clow was killed, tho Colonel badly wounded and left, 1 
Captain, 1 Lieutenant, 2 Cornels, 2 Surgeons and about 50 of the men were 
taken. Upwards of a dozen men wero killed on tho spot, and most of tho 




' wounded wero mortally so. Tho escaped got up to Paramus, Now City and 
Pompton with their wounded and some of their horses, found in tho woods. 
Gen'l Woodford's brigade was ordered down, which crossed King'* Ferry 
tho 20th, and took post at the new city, whero thoy lay till Thursday morn- 
ing, then moved very early towards Cakiat Samo day I crossed King's 
Ferry on my way to camp. Lay by tho 2d. Saturday, Oct 8d, arrived at 
Eobinson's farm, opposite West Point fort. 

. On Thursday, October 1st, a skirmish happened between a party of the 
enemy and some of Gen'l Scott's light infantry, in which Gen'l Scott's in- 
fantry killed 12 of the encn-jy and took one. 4th, some dayi a'fter, .they 
took 14 inorp. 

On Monday, the Cth, I began mustering, and finished tho brigado tho 0th. 
Tho 10th it stormed. On tho 12th, set out for Gen'l Woodford's brigado ; 
found them tho 13th, near Paramus, Tho snmoday the enemy left Ilack- 
cnsack and went to the English Neighborhood ; next day wero crossing the 
North River to New York. Our light horso pursued their rear, and took 
some prisoners. While they lay about Ilackcnsack gTeat numbers of de- 
serters camo over to us, After the enemy had gene back to New York, 
Gen'l Woodford's brignde, on the 10th, marched to Newark, and took post 
there. On the 20th they set out for Pompton, where they took quarters 
and dejached parties to repair tho road between Morristown ond King's 
Ferry.., About the ISth of November I set off for Robinson's Landing to 
muster the brignde there. Arrived the 20th, and found the troops at this 
place under marching orders. The nppearanco of a speedy. inarch was 60 
great that I gave up all thought of mustering at this place, and on tho 23d 
6ct out for Pompton. They were, however, detained 6omc days afterwards 
on account of tho Convention troops, who were about crossing at FLshkill 
on their way to Virginia. Tho Carolina troop3 crossed K. Ferry the 20th, 
on their way to winter quarters. About tho end of November, the troops 
nt Robinson's Landing set out for Middlebrook, near about tho samo timo 
tho Pennsylvanians left Fredcricksburgh, with tho park of artillery and the 
magazines stores. The Maryland troops at.Fishkill waited somo days 
longer, as they covered tho march of tho Convention troops. It was In tho 
beginning of December when tho troops, artillery and stores from Frcder- 
kksburgh.wcro crossing tho river, tho enemy, who thought It a good oppor- 
tunity to disturb us, mado a diversion up tho river with a number of armed 
vessels with troops On board. His Excellency, who had learned their inten- 
tion, changed tho order of tho lino of march, and 60 timely brought tho ar- 
tillery to tho ferry as to put it out of their power to injuro us. They did 
not, however, leave tho river immediately; but after tho troops had crossed, 
proceeded up to tho Ferry and burnt tho littlo huts of the ferrymen on each 
Dido tho river, with somo other low pieces of mischief. It however occa- 
sioned the troops to halt and turn back, to prevent their further progress. 
Wo had not returned far, when we heard they had all gone down the river. 
Tho troops then, without further disturbance, proceeded on their way to 

■ •>"■■■*■' - " : ' 



DiARr of JosErn clark. 

■:o,i-i ■■?■. ■ v- ■ --.- ■■•■■ 

winter quarters. The Virginia, Maryland, Delaware and Penn^lvan a 
troops were appointed to encamp under the mountain back of Middle 
Brook They began- building huts about the- middle of December, and suf- 
jercd exceedingly' with the severe -cold before they got their huts com- 
*/ The Diary thus ends abruptly) In tho same book' is the following 
statement of the strength of several Regiments, but without date : 

3d V. Hf g'l-S C-omiiniiloi. 



Copt. Wallace, . 
CoL Loc, • . ' 

Col. Pevton, 
Col. PoVolI, 
" Chilton, (<Uad,) , 
" A roll, . „•_ 
" Ashbov,' 
" llristol, 
•1th V. Ilcn'i.— H Companies. 
Capt. Lucas*-- . j 
• *' Mathews, 
" Ridley, 
" Bruit, 
' « Wallis, 
" Holcomb., 
•' Smith, 
" Stitb, .. 
?th V. Re«*»-10 Companies. 
Copt. Crockott, 
'' Sponcer, 
" Lipercomb,' 

" Fleming, 

" Webb," 

" Hill. 

'" Mosloy, 

•' Young, • 

" Janett, 
8th V. n«-a't-9 Coropanlfi. 

•' . Crogharn. 
" Wwtfall, . ( 

" Ruugten, 
" Stephenson, 
•« Berry, 
Llout. Ixracl, 
" Steed, 

11 lb V. IWt-0 Comp&nle*. 

Capt. Alox. 8mlth, 28 

f< Porterflald, ' 24 

" Johnson, 2S 


2 'J 




•a - o 

< H 

23 08 

10 80 

5 £7 

10 49 • 

10 00 

43 78 . 

6 24 

7 29 
18 84 

13 44 
12 89 
10 83 

14 47 

18 40 
10 89 


27 62 

19 CI 

22 69 
29 49 

23 64 

20 60 
10 42 
20 65 
20 62 
20 49 

7 15 

7 80 

19 44 

7 27 

85 48 

10 88 

12 42 

7 23 

19 60 

6 88 
82 46 

6 80 

11th V. Kea't-lOontlnutd.) j J 

8 B iJ 


a, < t-> 

"D.W.&U.D.Haugbton,85 11 40 

«< Rice, 16 .14 80 

" Galihues, 28 28 49 

" ltruin. 84 6 89 

«« Win Smith, 17 4 21 

«' DIackwcll, • |84 14 83 

1 2th V. Rcgi- 1 Companies 

Capt. Waggoner, ; 

•' 'Langdon, 

" M. Bowver, 

" Lapsloy, 

" Wallace, 

" .Madison, 

« 'Mitchell, 

•' T. Bowycr, ' 
' " Vanse. 

" Ashbey, 
13lh V. ILegl— 7 Oompanle*. 
Capt. Hull. 

" Edmund*, 

" Grimes, (dtad,) 

" I'oster, 

" Grav, 

" Gregory, 

" Mason, 
CoL Graymu'a Ilegt— 8 Companion 

Capt. Mitchell, ' 18 11 24 

'« Smallwood, 83 17 89 

. •«« Willis, 86 18 63 

" McGu're, 89 10 65 

•• Smith, 10 8 18 

'" Moore, 20 85 65 

" Triplet, ■ 18 10 23 

" Grant, 24 6 29 

CoL l*nttoi>'« IUgt-T Companlea. 

Capt. rrovroll, 9 8 IS 

*« Redman, 81 10 . 81 

" Dirkors, 11 

" Kecuor, 14 
" Orubbs, 
" MoLaues, 
", DcnnU, 


42 113 







8 'J 
































4 'J 










8 19 

8 17 

6 U 

83 18 46 

8 6 14 

*elect;ons from the 

Corrtsponbtiue jjf Milium gtobtf, <£nrl of -Stirling, 


I - i 

(Ctml.i.uid/romji. 4S, of (hie lul.) 

Henry Wllmct to the E.irl ofHllrlln«. 

Lincoln's Inn Fields, Nov. 2olh, 17C3. 
.Mv Lord— I received the honour of your lLordship's commands of the 
20th July last, and it is with inexpressible concern that I acquaint your 
Lordship with tho f.ite my attendance on tho New Jersey Bill at tho Board 
of Trade lasi Tuesday. Mr. Charles, as agent for New York, and I, attended 
to obtain tho Report of tho Board for the Royal assent to both tho Bills from 
New York and New Jersey. No objection was mado to the first; but one 
to the last, viz : your Lordship's name, and to this Lord Hillsborough said 
they could never advise tho Royal assent to a Bill wherein your Lordship 
was styled Earl of Stirling. Whether the Lords had observed this them- 
selves, or anybody objected it to them, I don't know ; but it was hinted to 
ino before we went in. I endeavored to give it tho answer I was able. I 
said the clauso in whi:h tho agents were appointed was hardly substantially 
any part of the Act, and I hoped their Lordships would overlook tho names 
of the Agents rather' than delay so necessary nwork by ordering a dcw Act 
to bo sent over not liable to this.objcction, especially as tho Royal assent 
could not bo any confirmation ofyour Lordship's title. To this it wis 
answered that it wai- contrary to the Resolution of tho House 0,f Lords, and 
that they would tako offence; and that they could not suffer anything to 
pass so contrary to that Resolution. I then proposed, and submitted tho 
the practicability of it, that it might be passed with some kind of salvo ; 
but no instance of this kind could bo.found, and tho whole must bo passed 
or rejected. I then proposed that as the Acts would be in force until re- 
jected, that they might remain at tho Board of Trado and never receive tho 
Royal assent at nil. Lord Hillsborough did not at first seem disinclined to 
this, b- I Mr. Charles objected to it, that possibly in the future proceedings 

■ ■"":, '.- 



in this business, it might be requisite to have tho King's confirmation of the 
whole, and then this objection would stand in the way of it, and insisted on 
not proceeding until both nets were, confirmed. 

It being then determined that a new Act must bo passed, tho question 
was how your Lordship was to be styled. I objected to tho namo of William 
Alexander, for, if it was objected, that the King confirmed this Act, wherein 
your Lordship is styled Earl of Stirling, it would bo a sort of recognition of 
that title ; if your Lordship was styled "William Alexander, and acted with 
that name, it might with much more reason be looked upon as a desertion 
on your part to tho Earldom. My Lord Hillsborough thought there could 
be no objection to your Lordship's bciijg styled, as in the Governor's in- 
structions, which he said was William Alexander claiming to be Earl of 
Stirling. Hut he would, consult the Lords and consider of this; and after- 
wards, tho same day upon consulting with Lord Marchmont, and after I had 
Keen the Rcsokilion of the House of Lords, he said it could be no other than 
William Alexander, nnd a i\Q\v Act must be obtained. As this Resolution 
of tho Lords was made since your Lordship left England, I have got a copy 
of it, and have here inclosed it to your Lordship 1 *' ; and I must leave it to 
your Lordship, whether you will not rather prefer to be totally left out of 
the Act. I am, &c. 

Carrot RnpcIJIe to the same. 

New York, March 30th, 1707. 

May it tlease yovr LoRpsmr— I received your kind favor, 20th inst., 
nnd note tho contents. I congratulate you in purchasing part of the 
Hibcrnia Iron Works, and return' you thanks for your kind offer; but at 
present, don't suit me as I have large sums duo to mo in the country which 
I must endeavor to collect to pay my debts, or should bo very glad to join 
your Lordship. ; But, if agreeable; will purchase all your pigs, if they 
prove as good asnvhat have been made, I will take all you can mako for 
8 or 5 years, at £0 per ton, proc., and settle accounts every months. 
But would havo all or none, as last fall Mr. Cooper engaged 60 ton to me, 
or 100, If could bo mado^ and sold half to other people. And if I can be 
Buppliod with pigs from your Works shall not take any from Hanover, as I 
contracted with Colonol Hackett a few days before ho died for 800 ton a 
year, which Messrs. Turner, and Allen would rather not ngrco to our con- 

Plcaso to send mo an answer as Boon as possible. I shall send by Joseph 
Rigg, Esquire, coal for your works; 8 barrels of good Hiberniaor Irish beef 
and 2 of pork, which I think will answer. Plcaso also to ordor Mr. Banckcr 
to give my noto ho has in hand, and I will settle tho same with him and pay 
him tho balance, and it will extremely obligo, &c . 

. • See Life of Lord SUrllog. p. 63. 




Lord SUrllng's state of the case irfth Lewis Morris. July 1st, 1K4. * 


In the year 1725, General Shirley appointed John Ewing, William Alex- 
ander and Lewis Morris his agents for providing provisions and other neces- 
saries for tho array then under his command in America. In 1760, the 
eaid General appointed P. V. B. Livingston and Lewis Morris his agents for 
the same purposes. It was agreed by tho said agents that tho profits arising 
from tho said agencies of both years should <bo equally divided between 
them, tho said John Ewing, William Alexander, Lewis Morris and Peter 
Van Brugh Livingston. 

Tho business of this agency was chiefly transacted by Mr. Livingston. 
lie made all contracts, received and paid all moneys, employed what clerks 
or agents he found necessary under him, nnd paid such expenses and losses 
on the agency as ho thought reasonable. The Company never disapproved 
of his conduct, but were always supposed to be bound by his engagements. 
In tho latter part of the year 1750, it was found that there was a very con- 
siderable balance due from the Crown to the said Company — no less than 
£2, GOO was brought to account duo to tho Company, or for which the Com-' 
pany was answerable, besides several thousands of pounds duo to carpenters 
and seamen who were taken prisoners at Oswego, whoso accounts could not 
then be collected. i | 

Tho accounts were by Mr. Livingston presented to the Earl of Loudoun 
for payment After several applications to his Lordship, Mr. Livingston 
found it In vain to expect a discharge of his account on this sido of the 
water, his Lordship having positively refused it Mr. Livingston then ap- 
plied himself to tho before-mentioned Mr. Alexander, (tho present claim- 
ant', tho Earl of Stirling.') who was then in England, desiring him to apply 
to Government thcro for\tho payment of tho balance of the said agent's ac- 
counts. This 6tcp, Lord Stirling supposed, was taken with tho approbation 
of the other two gcnflcmenNxmccrncd in the agency, viz: Mr. Ewing and 
Mr. Morris ; and that it had their npprobation will sufficiently appear by tho 
original powers nftcrwards transmitted to Lord Stirling, which are now 
ready to bo produced. 

Lord Stirling accordingly prepared himself in tho best manner he could 
to prosccuto this business. It was some time beforo ho was furnished with all 
tho accounts of .tho agents, and their vouchers ; howovcr, bo early as July, 
1757, a complete set of the accounts was laid beforo the Lords Commission- 
era of his Majesty's Treasury. A petition, at tho samo time, was pre- 
sented to their Lordships, stating tho claim and demands of the said agents. 
From this period, Lord Stirling most industriously pursued this affair ; not 
a Board day passed but he gave his attendance at the Treasury whilo tho 
matter lay there. After somo months it was referred to tho Paymaster 
(icnoral and Secretary nt War, and after several meetings they reported on 
it. Tho Treasury then referred it to tho Auditors of tho Imprest, before 
whom it lay from tho 27th of January, 1758, to tho 11th of July, 1759; 
during all which time Lord Stirling was confined to London by these ac- 
counts. Scnrco a week but he gave two or three days' attendance on the 


Auditors ; and hero innumerable difficulties arose which ho had tosuYmounL 
Tho method of auditing tho accounts; tho Vouchers required, so different 
from what had bocn used in America, and from what he was furnished with, 
occasioned great pcrploxity and delay. A thousand other embarrassments in 
this business, ho met with at (hat time, which will both appear from his let- 
ters, and other papora which ho is now ready to produce. However, on the 
11th of July, 1759, ho obtained a Report from tho Auditors so much in fa- 
-vor of tho Agents that ho had little room to doubt that tho Lords of the 
Treasury would very soon order payment of the balances found to bo "duo, 
which was oqual to tho wholo sura claimed. Tho Treasury at this time was 
much taken up in providing for tho great operations then going on. They 
wore willing to catch at any pretence to put off any old demand, and not- 
withstanding Lord Stirling's application to thorn as a Board, and to each of 
the. members in their private capacities, through friends, to them and their 
chief Secretaries, C\crks, Ac., &c, for near twolvo months, he could not ob- 
tain an order for payment \ on tho contrary, in July, 1700, their Lordships 
wore pleased to postpone tho further consideration of tho demand "until 
they had made tpnie inquiries of Lord Loudoun concerning them." 

This order necessarily occasioned a further delay; but the steps Lord 
Stirling took to suffer as littlo of it as possiblo to take placo, will best appear 
by tho papers nov ready to be offered. Tho fresh difficulties occasioned by 
this unexpected application to Lord Loudoun — tho new task of" labor il 
brought on Lord Stirling will also best appear by tho papers now offered. 
Tho Treasury having received Lord Loudoun's answer to their ajiplication, 
with a long train of objections to tho Ap ents' accounts, and answers thereto 
by Lord Stirling, were pleased, on the 2d of January, 1701, to refer the 
wholo back to tho Auditors pf tho Imprests, desiring them to reconsider the 
certificates of tho New York agents, the remarks theicon, and to stato an 
obstruct of all tho several vouchers which had been produced. This order 
reduced Lord Stirling to the necessity of applying closely for near two 
months to tho business of making an abstract of all the vouchers of 'the 
chargo and delivery of all tho several specie's of goods and provisions con- 
tained in tho accounts of tho agents, a work of which some idea may be 
formed by inspecting tho several abstracts now ready to be produced. 

Tho.22d of April, 1701, the Auditors mado their second report to the 
Lord of tho Treasury, which Lord Stirling labored incessantly to have 
brought under their Lordships' consideration, but tho excuso of a multi- 
plicity of business, and tho real want of funds in tho Treasury to discharge 
this demand, Btill prevented his obtaining an order for that purpose, till at 
length, tired of applying in tho ordinary way, ho was determined to try 
what he could obtain by tho influo'ncc of his friends at Court Ho had tho 
good fortune to engago several of them warmly in his interests, and at 
last to bring tho stato of Ills case to the Royal car. "When thus" prepared, 
ho ventured to mention tho matter to tho King himself.' Tho Duke of New- 
castle was immediately desired to dispatch their business. A special meeting 
of tho Board bf Treasury v> as summoned, and an order obtained to Sir Jcf- 




frey Ambera.! to cause the accounts to be liquidated, and tho balanoo to be 
forthwith paid. 

Besides the foregoing, Lord Stirling had another affair of importance to 
negotiate, in which the same agents were Jointly concerned. Many, of the 
before mentioned carpenters ahd seamen who were made prisoners at Oswego 
returned' to New York in 1750, and claimed payment of their wagea from 
these agents ; one of thdm them actually brought a suit against Mr. Morris. 

The Agents applied to Sir Joffrey Amherst for relief. He told them that 
as it was a matter which had commenced before his command, he could not 
, meddle with it without orders from home: Mr. Livingston sent a statement 
of tho matter to Lord Stirling, who immediately applied to the Ministry, and 
ufter repeated solicitations obtained an order to bo sent to Sir Jeffrey to 
settle the matter. The carpenters and seamen wcro accordingly paid off 
and the Agents rid of tho burden of a demand which amounted to some 
thousands of pounds. Lord Stirling has now ready to offer a number of 
letters and papers which would tend to conoberato all that la herein ad- 
vanced, but he will content himself with troubling the Arbitrators with only 
a few of tho most material of them. 

Lord Stirling now begs leave to show that he left Now York in September, 
1750, to goto England with General Shirley; his dosign in taking that 
voyago at that timo, was partly to servo General Shirley in vindicating his 
general conduct, and partly to bo useful to his Agents in case Loudour 
should rofuso payment'of tho balance of their accounts. Tho former part 
of that business, as well as all the other business ho then had in England 
was finished early in the year 1757; and he would then havo returned to 
America had not his stay in England been necessary for soliciting the pay- 
ment of tho Agents' accounts. Ho soon found reason to bcliovc that if he 
had left England, tho accounts would novcr have been paid. Many accounts 
of tho same nature lay in tho Auditor's Cffico upwards of twentv years- 
some sinco King William's time— and that the Agents or some or them were 
of opinion that Lord Sterling's stay in England on this account, was abso- 
lutely necessary, will appear from several of their letters, in some of which 
they y^ry prcssingly dcairo him to stay in England till this business be 
finished, and which letters wcro in answer to letters from Lord Stirling, 
wherein ho informs them that ho has nothing else to detain bim in England. 
Lord Sterling did accordingly stay till he got this matter finished there in " 
Juno 1701. JIo immediately afterwards prepared for his return to America; 
left London in July and arriv.ed at New York in October 1701. 

Lord Stirling's claim on Mr. Morris is thus founded : 

1st For monies ho actually paid at the several offices for expediting 
these accounts, which amount to £704 lis, sterling, as appears by an ac- 
count of tho particulars herewith. Most of these payments wore Of such a 
naturo as rendered it impossible to take vouchers for them ; but Lord Stir- 
ling will lay such matters before tho Arbitrators as ho hopes wi'l be sufficient 
to satisfy them of the justness of this charge. 

2d. For a reasonablo allowance for his expenses from the time of bis 
first soliciting their business to tho time of his returning to Now York, the 


m nm m .; 

-■- ■■ ■ ■„, ' , ■: -• ■■ '■■■■■ ~ — 



threo last years of which he was detained In England BOloon account of this 
business; during which timo he did expend at least one thousand fivo hun- 
dred guineas per annum; and, from tho situation ho was in, ho could not 
live at loss- expense. Had he not lived in such a manner as necessarily 
brought on that expense, ho would not havo boon ablo to havo rocourso to 
thoBO friends-^r to have obtainod tho order ho did by their influence ; and, 
in all probability, tho accounts would havo remained unsettled and unpaid 
to this day. Tho Agonts know that Lord Stirling must live In London in a 
manner suitable to his character, and that would occasion at least tho expenso 
boforo montionod: and they surely could not expect (hat ho would stay in 
England on thelfthisincss without being reimbursed his expenses In tho 
samo proportion. Mr. Morris hlmsolf onco proposed to go to England to 
assist Lord Stirling In soliciting this affair, but on tho condition of being 
well paid for it by tho Agonts. This, Mr. Livingston can testify. 

8d. Lord Stirling also claims a rcasonablo recompense for his timo and 
scrvicos spent and done for tho Agonts, In England ; what thoso wore, and 
what they dosorvcytho Receivers will bo ablo to Judge, in part, by what has 
already been said, but ho can with truth say, that had ho quitted England 
in tho year 1768, and had the accounts novcr been paid, ho would havo 
been better off than ho is at present, unless ho has an amplo allowance for, 
not only for bis expenses, but also, his services In England ; for his own 
privato affairs in Araorica wore Buffering greatly for want of hfs presonce, 
especially during tho last throe years of his absence. Lord Stirling was 
' under the necessity of keeping n Clerk during tho greater part of tho timo 
ho was In England, at least ono-half of whoso timo was taken up In making 
fair copies, &&, In this afl'uir. 

4th. For which ho also claims an allowance 

8th. And lastly, Lord Stirling claims an allowance of Interest on all the 
several sums ho advanced or cxpondod in England, which, on an average, 
ho thinks should bo estimated at least from Januacy 1st, 17C0, to the 
present time. • . - i 

When tho Roforocs havo considered these several matters, and affixed 
what they think rcasonablo to each artlclo for tho whole company of Agents 
to allowj ho expects that Mr. Morris will bo charged with ono-fourth part 
thcroof, thoxt) being four partners in tho Agency; Lord Stirling being one i 
of thom, expects to bear ono equal fourth part thereof; and moro than that 
ho thinks ho ought not to boar, as in that case ho would be put on a worse 
footing with regard to this Agency" than any of his partners. 

Lord Stirling Boon after his arrival from England, exhibited to his fellow 
Agonts an aocount of what ho thought a very rcasonablo allowance for his 
• cxpenaos. Mr. Morris did not accept of that account, but refused to allow 
it; wherefore Lord Stirling thinks that that should not now restrain the 
Reibroes from exacting the Bums charged in that account, in any instanco 
where they may.think he deserves more — and fully entitles him to interest 
on the sums so allowed. 

All which la nevertheless submitted. 


or Tno 

c $tk $er«j> historical 

Vol. VII. 


No. 4. 

Trenton, jffuary 18th, 1855. . 
This being tho day prescribed in their by-laws for the annual meeting of 
the Society,, tho members convened in the City Hall at 11 o'clock, A. M., 
and tho sitting was organized with the President (Hon. Joseph C. Horn- 
blower,) in tho Chair, 

Tho minutes of tho last meeting were read by the Recording Secretary, 
and tho correspondence of tho Society, since May last, submitted by tho 
Corresponding Secretary. . . 

Tho letters presented were from tho Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
covoring a prospectus of a new plan for tho publication of historical works 
relating to tho State ; from tho Historical Socioty of Maine j H. W. Carey, 
Esq., of Burlingtdh ; Israel Russcl, Esq., ind Dr. B. W, Budd, of New 
York, tendering. donations to the Library ; from tho Wisconsin Historical 
Society, with tho proceedings of its meeting in December ; from Mr. Rich- 
ard Lawrcnco, of New York, making inquiries as to the public records at 
Trenton; from tho Librarian of tho State of Pennsylvania, returning 
thanks for a donation of tho publications of tho Society ; from the Rev. Rich- 
ard Webster, of Mauch Chunk, communicating an interesting letter from 
Dr. Hopkins to Dr. Bellamy, dated July 20, 1758, giving some account of 
operations of tho northern army, thought by him to. refer to transactions 
alluded to in Mr. Tuttlo'a biography of Cen. Winds, recently printed by tho 
Socioty ; — and a few others by different individuals. 

On motion of Mr. Whitehead, the letter of Dr. Hopkins was referred to 
the Committee on Publications. 

Mr. OirroRD submitted the Annual Report of the Executive Committee. 
as follows. 




The Executive Committee of the New Jeruy Biilorical Society leg J^ate 

topraent their Ninth Annual Report. 

Evert year gives increasing assurance of tho.bcncfits which are to bo de- 
rived from tho Society whoso Intorosts aro confided to our care. The So- 
ciety was established in tlio year 1845. Since that period, sorao of its most 
respected members liavo departed Uiis life, without whoso contributions 
many highly-prized documents connected with tho early Government of 
Now Jersey and the adjoining Provinces might never havo been obtained.' 
Scarcely a week passes without' o donation of somo work to enrich our ar- 
chives; whilcour interchanges with kindred associations arc continually 
flowing in upon us. Purchases of raro and appropriate books have been 
mado, and various periodicals and records of events and their localities, and 
of privato biography, havo boon placed whero they will becomo moro valua- 
blo as tirao advances, and may as profitably bo resorted toby futuro chron- 
iclcra as aro now tho Ilarlcan miscellanies, or tho quaint memorios of 
English pastimes and occurrences by Sir Samuel Pepys. Such materials 
alono would constituto a fund for tho historian of another century, which 
entitles them to thoAvorablo notico of every Jerscyman.- To furnish a 
proper cstimato of roch resources, we may refer to the additions in the past 
year, which consist of proceedings of other Historical, Philosophical and 
Humano Societies— various rcliqucs of the past, such as silver, and copper 
coins and memorials of Revolutionary thncs-^Public Documents and Laws 
of tho United States, to completo that department on hand— Geological sur- 
veys and Reports from other States— papers relating to Indian affairs — to 
tho proceedings of tho Smithsonian and other Institutions — biographical 
notices, and familiar narratives pf early incidents — besides many foreign 
works embracing various topics of national interest; all which aro care- 
fully arranged for rcferenco by our. judicious and attentive Librarian, and 
wo havo tho satisfaction to learn that our collection has been resorted to for 
information which cannot elsewhere bo obtained. 

Among tho various means which havo been used to render our Society 
attractive, tho publication of our Periodical has not been without its advan- 
tage. This Iras been statedly issued — the last having recently appeared — 
furnishing in a condensed form tho yearly proceedings. Many papers havo 
been thus ro-printed and placed in the hands of members at a comparatively 
low price, any ono of which being equal in value to the cost of tho entire 
journal. Your commtttco earnestly commend to tho attention of members . 
this *' important auxiliary" to tho 6ocicty, and adviso their iufiuenco to giro 
it wider circulation. 

.In reviewing tho proceedings of tho several Committees, nono of them 
appear of greater moment In following out our great and distinctive object 
— "Stato History"— than tho possession of our primitive Colonial document*^ 
Tho Society Is apprized of tho deep interest which has boon frequently 
Bhown on this subject, and tho exertions mado to obtain them from tho 
Mothor country, which as yet havo been unsuccessful. Itwould hardly appear . 



necessary to direct the attention of our Honorable Legislature to this matter, 
and more'espccially to the necessity of procuring some portions ofthe Pub- 
lic Laws which aro deficient in the collection wo havo in tho State Library, 
which is tho nearest we have to a completo set to be found in any other 
place, the absence af which might occasion no little embarrassment if at 
any timo hereafter our public authorities should have use for or bo applied 
to for such documents. It will bo readily observed that our progress in 
this work must necessarily bo slow, and perhaps ineficctual, by reason of 
not having sufficient authority from the Stato for that purpose. It Is grati- 
fying to observe that other States aro re-publishing tho records of Colonial 
times, and that our Library has received, 6inco tho last anlversary, twenty- 
four volumes of such documents from tho State of Pennsylvania. We aro 
encouraged to bolievo : that New Jersey will, by pursuing a liko course^ show 
more prominently tho position which sho so proudly sustained at that pe- 
riod among hor sister Colonies. 

As tho proceedings of our Society become more generally known, a cor- 
responding interest in its prosperity is widely diffused, and more frequent 
donations made, with the confidence that thoy will be sccuro from loss or 
injury, and may havo their appropriate use. It would be a subject of much 
congratulation If your Committee could report that tho efforts which havo 
been mado to confirm that confidence wfcro realized. A convenient lot of 
land, centrally located in tho city of Newark, has already been procured at 
tho cost of two thousand fivo hundred dollars, tho subscriptions bein^, al- 
ready sufficient to pay that sum, and tho Committee authorized to receive 
a deed for tho sarao. Plans for a suitable structure on tho lot eo obtained 
will probably bo submitted for the consideration of tho Society at this an- 
nual meeting. Meanwhilo somo temporary place of security is desirable for 
certain articles of value, which if lost, cannot bo replaced. 

Your Committco further recommend a compliance with the inquiries an- 
nexed to tho Society's circulars by all who receive them, respecting histori- 
cal recollections or mementos, what thoy may possess or may havo knowl- 
edge of in tho possession of others^ Most of these interrogatories relato to 
institutions civil or ecclesiastical, and to statistics of trade, commerce and 
tho arts, which aro equally as interesting to every business man and scholar 
in tho community as to tho historian, ever bearing in mind that tho funda- 
mental object of our Society, as expressed In its Constitution, is " to 
discover, procuro and prcscrvo whatovcr relates to any department of the 
history of New Jersey — natural, civil, literary or ecclesiastical ; and gener- 
ally of other. portions of tho United States." 

Tho Librarian reported the donations received since May, and stated that 
tho additions to tho Library during tho year have been 128 bound volumes, 
including 11 of nowspapers, Ac, besides tho weekly Issues received from 
tho offices of tho Paterson Intelligencer, Jersey City Sentinel, New Jersey 
Stato Gazette, Somerset Whig, New Brunswick Fredonian, Princeton Prca* 
and Burlington Gazette, and 285 pamphlets on various subjects, (not in- 





"eluding 65 duplicates,) several maps, 117 manuscripts, many of which aro 
interesting and valuable as memorials of revolutionary times; also several 
Bilvcr and copper coins, an original portrait of Burr, and various curiosities 
for the Cabinet. At this, its ninth anuual meeting, the Society possesses 
a collection comprising 1,080 volumes, (2,000, if duplicates aro included,) 
and 2,205 pamphlets. 

The Treasurer reported a balance in the Treasury of $248 02, of which 
$166 received on account of arrearages, constituted part of the fund for tho 
Flro-Proof Building. , 

Mr. Field, -from tho Committeo on Publications, in tho absonco of Dr. 
Murray, reported that another number of the " Proceedings ". was now 
ready , for distribution among tho members not in arrears. This number 
brings tho current transactions down to the present time, and contains the 
Diary of Mr. (afterwards Rev. Dr.) Clark, while attached to the American 
Army in 1777 and 1778 ; printed from tho original manuscript. 

Tho preparation for tho press of the Analytical Index to the Doctlmcnts 
reforring to tho Anti-Revolutionary Period of our history, was in progress, 
but circumstances beyond his control had provontcd Mr. Whitehead, the 
editor, from carrying the work forward to completion as rapidly as ho 
desired, or as tho Committee thought it practicable when they made their 
last report To roako it, what tho Society intend, a complete Indox to all 
the original materials for our history, existing on both sides of the Atlantic, 
would necessarily render its compilation a work of timo. 

Tho Committee submitted with their Report a specimen of tho form in 
which it was proposed to publish tho work, and Mr. Field mado somo re- 
marks upon its valuo and interesting character. 

. Mr. "Whitehead stated in referenco to tho closing • paragrngrnph of tho 

' '" committees report, that soon after tho last mooting ho had addressed circulars 
to various public oQlcers as well as individuals throughout tho state, known 
to have in their possession cither public records, official documonts or 
collections of manuscripts, hoping to sccuro their co-operation in making 
tho projected Index more perfect, and consequently mora valuable ; but ho 
regretted to say that with vory few exceptions, ho had failed to elicit cvenl 
acknowledgements of tho receipt of his communications. Tho labor that 

.must, therefore, dcvolvo upon him personally, if tho intentions of tho 
Society in rotation to the Index aro attempted to bo carried out, would 
necessarily delay the completion of tho work. 

* Tho venerable Historical Society of Massachusetts had signified its esti- 
mate of tho importance of tho undertaking by appointing a spocial com- 

, mittoe to oxamino its library with a, view to tho compilation of a list of 
books and manuscripts in its possession, that might facilitate the labors of 
the editor. Similar inquiries had been instituted by the Maryland Historical 
Society, and to tho Rev. Richard Webster, of Mauch Chunk, ho was 
indebted for a largo number of valuablo letters systematically prepared, 
ready for insertion in the index ; and it was probable that the additions to 



be made referring to manuscripts on this side of tho Atlantic would Increase 
the sizo of the work at least one-third. 

Mr. W. submitted some copies of his circular, to which he hoped tome 
response would yet be made. 

In consequence of the absence of Mr. Dcrthk, of the Committee on the 
Firo Proof Building, who was necessarily detained from the meeting, his 
report was read by the Recording Secretary, stating that— 

Since tho meeting in May last there had been received on account of this 
fund the sum of $2,535 from subscriptions, and $166 from arrearages of 
dues, which by a resolution adopted at the last January meeting, are to be 
appropriated to the fund. Tho amount of tho subscriptions received had 
been applied to tho payment for the lot purchased last April for $2,600 
with tho interest which had accrued thereon, amounting to $65 49 ; tho 
difference ($35 49) having boon relinquished by the gentleman from whom 
tho lot was purchased. Tho amount now remaining to the credit of the 
fund therefore, is tho sum of tho arrearages ofdues which havo been col- 
lected, and further additions from that source w^pknticipated. The Soeiety 
now holds tho deed for tho lot, which is considered ono of tho most eligible 
in Newark, and, even at this time of depreciation in property values, ob- 
tained at alow prico. . Owing to tho unfavorable condition of business mat- 
ters through tho past season it had been deemed advisable not to press the 
Subscription ltsi upon tho attention of members, but tho Committee had 
nevertheless been disappointed that a more general response to their 
application for aid had not been mado by gentlemen in different parts 
. of tho State whoso names are identified with its history. They trust that 
tho liberality of their deceased Chairman — tho Hon James O. King — who 
projected tho enterprise, will bo emulated by others, and that all who lovo 
and venerate our historical associations will accord to the undertaking their 
cordial sympathy and co-operation. 

Mr. Hayes, from tho Committee on Nominations, reported favorably upon 
several names .of gentlemen nominated at the last meeting, who were 
thereupon duly elected, and other nominations wero received. 

Mr. S. ALorsKN presented the Society with a largo number of original 
manuscripts and drawings. of Robeht Fcxtoji, and others, having reference 
to the early application of steam to the purposes of navigation, to the 
construction of torpedo ships, and other Inventions, many of the manu- 
scripts being in Fulton's owu hand-writing. 

Tho President appointed Messrs. Sherman, Field and Paterson a Com- 
mltteo to nominate officers for tho ensuing year, and announced the follow- 
ing Standing Committees — 

Commits en Publication*— Rev. Dr. Murray, R. S. Field, W. A. White- 
head, Dr. 8. H. Pennington, and Henry W. Green. 

Committee on PureKcutt — Messrs. Wm. A. Whitehead, Dr. Isaac S. 
Mulford, S. Alofsen, Samuel H. Congar and Rev. Dr. Davidson. 








Committee on Statistics— Messrs. Dr. Lewis Condict, J. P. Bradley, Rev. 
Samuel Starr an d' John Rodgors. 

Committee on Nominations— Messrs. D. H. Hayes, Peter S. Duryee and 
President Maclean. T 

The Comrolttco appointed reported the following gentlemen as officers for 
tho ensuing year who were then elected : 

President.— Joszrn 0, Hornbloweb, LL.D. 

, Vice-Presidents— Hon. James Pabkeb, lion. Stacy. 0. Potts, Hon. Wm. 
A. DfEB. ' V- 1 

Corresponding Secretary— Wit. A. ■Whitehead. 

Record in g 'Secretary— David A. Haves. 

Librarian — Samuel II. Conoar. 

■Trca»urer~Jiiits Ross. 

Exccntiue Committc—Ancnr.n Gifford, Esq., Rev. Nicholas Murray, 
I). D., Hon. Wm. L. 'Dayton, Hon. Dudley S. Gregory, Hon. Henry W. 
Green, RicnARn S. Field, Esq., Rev. Georob Vv r . Doane, D. D., LL.D., 
Rev. A. B. Paterson, and Rev. R K.'Rodoebs. • 

• Tho Sceioty then took a recess until 8 o'clock. On re-assembling Mr. 
Whitehead reported verbally that/in conscquonco of tho inability of tho 
President and Chairman of tho Executive Committee to accept tho invitation, 
tho pleasing duty had dcvolve"tfupon him of attending tho Semi -Centennial 
Anniversary of tho Now York Historical Society in November last, as tho 
representative of tho Society ; and that, as such representative, ho had 
received every attention from the officers and committee of arrangements ; 
attentions which showed that tiie Identity of tho history of the two States 
In tho early periods of their career, which tho two Societies, were mutually 
engaged in Illustrating, was not forgotten. Tho occasion was ono of rc- 
' markablo Interest, tho orator of tho day being Mr. Bancroft, tho historian, 
of whoso address it was sufficient encomium to Ray, that it fully sustained 
his high reputation for scholarship and brilliant diction, whilo tho speeches 
of Mr. Wfnlhrop and others, subsequently delivered were of great interest 
and ability. ( ■ . 

Mr. R. Laird, of tho Senate, presented tho original muster roll of a com- 
pany of militia, forming part of Got. Frclinghuyscn's command on service 
at Elizabothtown in January, 1761. I 

Judgo Robeson remarked in substance, that as ho lived on tho western 
borders of tho Stato, it was not always in his power to attend tho meetings 
of tho Society, although It over gave him pleasuro to do so ; that whenever 
ho had attended the meetings in Trenton, ho had been' struck with the 
littlo interest manifested by tho members and others residing at the scat of 
government, in tho important objects tho Society had In view ; and ho could 
not think that its membeSr^in other parts or tho Stato wcro at all callod upon 
to tako a journey in mid-winter for the purpose of holding their annual 



meeting at Trenton, when they could scarcely expect to see thereat any of 
tho members resident there or in the neighborhood. As this, however, was 
provided for in the By-Laws, and notice was required at a preceding meeting 
of any proposition to change them, ho would state that at the next meeting 
of the Society a resolution would bo offered providing for an alteration In 
tho By-Laws prescribing tho time and placo of holding the annual meeting 
of, tho Society, and requested that the notice should be entered on the 

Tho annual Address was then delivered by Rev. C. S. Henrt, D. D., of 
Belleville, on the conclusion of which Mr. Field, aftcrsomo very appropriate 
and complimentary remarks, moved a resolution of thanks and request for 
a copy to be placed at' the disposal of the Society. 

The Society then adjourned to meet in Newark on the third Thursday 
of May next. 


Announced January 18th, 1855. 

From the American Philosophical Society— Proceedings of Society— Jan. 
and Juno, 1854. 

From the American' Antiqnarian Society— Proceedings of tho Society in 
April, 1851, and October, 1854. 

From the Smithsonian Institution— Smithsonian Contributions to Knowl- 
edge— Vol. VI.,— and' Reports of Committees on tho distribution of the 

From the Commissioner of Pa tents— Report for tho year 1653 on Arts and 

From the' Commissioner of Indian Affairs— Information respecting tho 
History, Condition and Prospects of the Indian Tribes, Tart IV. 

From the Superintendent of the Cocut Surrey— Report showing the 
Progress of tho Survey during the year 1852, and Charts of the Atlantic 
an'd Pacific Coasts. ' 

From the Department of State of the United States— Tho Seventh Census 
of tho United States, Journals of tho Senate and House of Representa- 
tives, Executive Documents, Ac. 80 volumes. 

From the Secretary of State of Feu Jersey— The Acts of the 78th Legis- 
lature. , 

F'rom Samuel 0. Prale, Esq., Boston- -Tho New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register and Antiquarian Journal— July and Oct, '54, and 
. Jan., 1855. 





From James L. Lorlng, Etq., Baton— Fourteen Reports respecting Schools, 

Libraries, ic. •, . 

From Professor Paclard of Bowdoin College — History of tho Bunker 

Hill Monument 
From' Hon, Stephen Congar— "The Jubilee of the Constitution," a Dis- 
course before the N. Y. Historical Society, 80th April, 1880, Southard's 
Address before Newark Mechanics' Association, July 5th, 1830, and fire 
Journals, Ac,, of Senate and General Assembly of New Jersey. 
From W. A. Whitehead— Tho New York Mercury from 1833 to 1839 in- 
elusive, 7 years, bound in four volumes; also for 1844 and 1845, the 
Spirit of Missions,— Vols. XVI, XVII and XVIII— for 1851-52-53, and 
a collection of 120 Reports, Speeches, Letters, Sermons, &c • 
From theNewarl Daily Advertiser Offie^-The Sentinel of Freedom from 
July 1850 to Juno 1852, and tho Daily Advertiser for 1653. 8 volumes, 
From the Maryland Historical Society— Annual Report of tho President, 
and List of Members, also, a Catalogue of the Manuscripts, Maps, Medals, 
Coins, Statuary, Portraits and Pictures and an account of the Library in 
1854. • 
From the Historical Society of Jfew 1 'orl— Proceedings of Society. Oct., : 

1853. ' . \ 

From the Historical Society of Conneeticrit—Vrocceiinga at the Com-. 

plction of tho Woostcr Monument, with the Oration. 
From the Society— Collections of tho Maine Historical Society. Vol. VIII. 
From the Historical Society of Pennsylvania— Proceedings at the Cele- 
bration of tho 172d Anniversary of tho landing of Wm. Pcnn. 
From the State of Pennsylvania— Minutes of tho Provincial Council of 
. Pennsylvania from the organization to tho termination of tho Proprietary 
Government. 10 volumes. 

Minutes of tho Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, from its 
organization to the termination of tho Revolution. volumes. 

Pennsylvania Archives, selected and arranged from original Documents 
in the offlco the Secretary of tho Commonwealth, conformably to Acts of 
tho General Assembly, Feb. 15th, 1851, and Marcli 18*1852, from 1604 
to 1781, Inclusive. 8 volumes. 
From the Itegcnts of the University of the State of Kev, Font-Journal 
of the Sonate and Assembly of tho State of Now York, with tho Docu- 
ments or 70th Session. 12 volumes. 
From Wm. Duane, E*j.-Co V y of Instructions of Freeholders of Hunter- 

don County to tholr Representatives, May, 1771. 
From CortlanJt Parler, ^.-Bayonet from tho sito of Old Fort George, 

Lako Chatriplain. 
From James letm, JW-Cople do deux Lcttr^s envoie do la nouvclle 
France, au pero\ procurer dos Missions do la Compagnlo do Jesus en ccs 
. contrees— a Paris, MDfJLVI. (1056.) Ileprint. 

Representation from New Netherlands concerning the Situation; Fruit- 
fulness, and Poor Condition of the samd. 1850. Hague. Reprint 

"Broad Advice to the United Ncthorland Provinces, made and arranged 
from divers true and trusty memories. 1649. Antwerp. Reprint 

From B. CCalhghan, Esq. — Representations of tho Lords Commissioners 
for Trade and Plantations to tho King, on the state of the British Colonies 
in North America, .1721. Reprint 

From Israel Iiutscl. jfieio Tori — A valuable collection of 140 Pamphlets, 
Reports, Ac, on various subjects. 

From Walter Bntherfur'd, Esq. — Supreme Court of the United States. 
John Den ex Dem., Archibald Russol is. the Associates of the Jersey 
Company. Ejectment from a lot of land in Jersey City. • Points and 
Arguments of Walter Ruthcrfurd ono of the Counsel for Plaintiff. 

The Thirtieth "Report of tho Commissioners of her Majesty's Woods, 
Forests and Land Revenues, datod 4ih October and 1st August 1852. 

Crtasum's Report. 

The Treasurer of the Kew Jersey Historical Society respectfully submits 
his Annual Report^ tis: 

From aalcs Vol I. Collection*. 
' It, do. 




" Members, for dues, Ac , 

Total receipt*,' 
Balance on htud Jan. V), 1834, 

l a oo 

1 60 

S 20 

10 80 

SOS 60 

823 40 
437 0« 

759 4« 

- . tXMXDtTClti. 

Taid for Incidentals, US 95 

•• " Book* for Libr»ry. BJ 78 

" Com. on Publication*, 809 53 

" Commission on 1311 60, 81 16 

ToUl expenditure*, 811 44 

Balance On hand, S43 09 

759 45 

Wo h»ro examined Die account* and voucher* of the Treasurer, and find lb* tarn* 
correct, and the balance remaining in hi* band* to be two hundred and forty -tight 
dollar* »nd two cent*, (1243 OX) 

PETER 8. DURYEE, 1 .^^ 

January 17, 1855. UKNRY O. DARCY, f n**""""- 

11/ a resolution of tho Society, passed at the but annual meeting, tb* amount re- 
ceived thereafter from back due* wo* directed to be appropriated to the Building 
Fund. The *um of ono hundred »nd »lxty »lx dollar* ha* been collected from that 
•nuroe during the pa*t year, and l« »ubjeet to tbo draft of the Committee on Fire- 
Froof Building. 

There are 818 re»ldent member* On the book* of tb* Tre*»ur*r, of whom 41 are 
life member*. • • 

All which I* respectfully lubmitted. 

JAME3 R0S3, JVamV. 

Newark, Joa. 19, 1354. 


Elections front He ' Ctospontonte anH .$)aj!irs 

Laid before the Society, January 18m, 1865,. 

From Ibe Itev. Klch»r J Wcbiter. 
' . • . ^ Maura Ciicxk, May 17th, 1854. 

Dear Sir:— Through the kindness of tlio Rev. MivTuttle, I havo re- 
ceived n copy of his Memoir of Gen. Winds— a note appended to a tradition 
by tho publishing Committee reminded me of tho Interesting statements in 
an unpublished letter from Dr. Hopkins to Dr. Bellamy. I transcribo it; 
perhaps tho tradition may havo grWn out of these circumstances ; they 
certainly divest it of its improbability. 

. Sheffield, 20th July, 1758. 

■ : R. D. S.— My head and heart Is full of tho sorrowful news from tho army. 
Yesterday I had tho particulars from Col. Partridge, who can tell as much • 
as any ono man in tho army, probably, and is to be depended on. I will 
■write you tho heads of his story. It may bo you havo not had so direct an 
account • ' . . i 

On tho Cth inst, tho wholo army set off, and on tho 7th, in the morning, 
landed at the upper end of tho Lake. Tho whole army passed in plain 
sight of a French encampment on tho East sidoof the Lake, but tho French 
never saw them. Kogtri went and fell upon them (which was the first 
notice they had that tho English wcro there,) killed 4. Tho rest fled, left 
their tents standing, dough in tho troughs needed, their ovens heating 
blankets, packs, poU, kettlos and all tho camp furniture. They broko the 
heads of their Torses of Wine, Ac. 

Tho amy soon marched towards the Tkomhrogo In columns, each regi- 
ment in a column on tho West sldo of tho lake, thro' a very thick wood, 
tho regulars iin tho center and provincials on each wing. When thoy had 
marched about three-quarters of a mile, a party of about COO French fired 
on the center, but did no execution, they being at a distance. Upon which 
Lord Howe sprang forward, and his men with Lin/, and fell upon tho enemy. 
Ho was soon slain. . 

Tho provincials clos'd in and fell upon tho French and killed and took 
above 400 {n half an hour. Wo lost in tho encounter about 12 men. Ono 
unhappy accident happened here. Rogers was gone forwartl and had past 
tho rrench before tho engagement began. Upon hearing tho fire, he re. 

. .'.-. 


*■ 127 

turned and fell upon the French in the rear. The Jersey regiment saw 
- them and taking them to be the enemy, fired upon and killed 6 of Roger's 
men. The array was now got scatterd,'mix'd and con fus'd in the midst of 
a thick wood; it was necessary, theroforo, to retire to the open ground 
from whence they sot out, to get Into form again in order to march. 

Tho party they had Ju9t cut off, were sent out by M. Montcalm who was 
incamp'd about 3 miles forward at tho place call'd the Mill), with ^battalions 
on tho east side of tho Narrows. Coll. Partridge, with four more regiments, 
wero ordered to Cross the Narrows and march directly to Montcalm's incamp- 
ment, while tho rest of .tho army follow'd. They accordingly march'd with 
with tho utmost alacrity and spirits. And when they came to the French 
incampment, they found it deserted by tho enemy, they having first 
destroy'd all they could, they burnt their waggons, threw their cannon 
bullets Into the lake, partly cut down their mill, cross'd the Karrorci at the 
Mill and then cut down their bridge. They broke the heads of their Terscs 
of Wine, which was still on the ground in such quantities that the ground 
was quite wet and soft with it for a great way round. Our men rebuilt tho 
bridge beforo the rest came up. 

Not far from this they incamp'd that night 

Tho next day tho orders were "that several of the proyincial Regts. sVuld 
march within 3 gunshots of the French fortification, and ly On their arms, 
flat on their bellies, That tho regulars should pass over them and make the 
first assault If tho regulars wcro beat back, they were to run over tho 
provincials as thoy lay, and tho provincials were then to riso and do what 
thoy could. Tho Rcgts. of tho provincials, ( the number I think was six,) 
march'd and posted themselves according to order. After they had remain'd 
in this posturo about 8 hours, ( tho French not attempting to do them any 
hurt, but scem'd to bo busy in falling trees, Ac.,) the regulars came and 
made tho assault But to no purpose, for when they camo near tho Fr»nch 
entrenchment, thej found they had fallen a great number of trees beforo 
their entrenchment, which- much resembled trees blown down by a hurri- 
cano, lying from tho ground 10 feet high, so that there was no passing 
them without climbing or creeping. Hero tho regulars were non-pluased; 
they mado many attempts to get through, but as oft broko their ranks and 
as oft camo back to form again. In tho mean time, the French cut them 
down by hundreds with their small arms (for they mado no use of cannon.) 
After Bomo time, a Coll. camo. down from tho engagement and declar'd that 
tho orders wcro for tho provincials to come to the assistance of the regulars. 
Tho provincial Colls, said this was contrary to tho orders they had, and 
therefore their mon Bhould not stir. Not long after, other regular Colls, 
camo down and sworo it was tho General's orders that the provincials 
should make an assault, tho regulars being broken and defeated. Most of 
our Collonels knowing there were no such orders, and that the attempt 
would bo vain and only provo tho death of their men, rcfus'd to stir. How- 
ever, some of their Captains and their companies could not bo kept back. 
Some of the Collonels then were oblig'd to go up to fetch their men off", 

: I 
I 1 


which they did; tho' some were kill'd and many wounded. The engage- 
neat lasted 6 hours, in which time an incessant heavy fire wis kept up on 
both sides. Few of the French were kill'd, 'Us suppos'd, but near 8,000 of 
our men were kill'd and wounded — most of thorn regulars. Near an hun- 
dred officers were kill'd. . (Died they as the fool dieth,) When the engage- 
ment was oyer, they returned to their last night's encampment, with their 
wounded men. 

In the ftght, ColL Partridge (from whom I havo the story,) saw a fire in 
the camp, and gave orders to have it immediately put out." The return 
made was that an officer was reading a letter by it Upon which, the Coll. 
went himself and found it was a regular Coll. with whom he was well no" 
quaintcd. Ho ask'd him the meaning of that light. The regular ColL re- 
k pliod, "Aro you here, ColL ? For God's sako draw off your men as 'fast as 

you can, or you will be left alone." Upon which Coll. Partridge examined 
and found the regulars had secretly gono off to the Lake. Ho expostulated 
a little with the regular Coll. ; asked what cause for such a withdrawal, &c. 
The Coll. replied, "God knows, I don't" i ' ■ 

Coll. Partridge's men had then sticks to cut to make litters to carry their 
wounded men on, which they did through a most tcrriblo road in the dead 
of night, and got to the lako just at day; whero they r ound most of the 
army already embarked lor the other end of tho lako. They destroyed 
some hundreds of barrels of flour, put off and arrived safe to tho other end 
of tho lakol Three men that deserted from tho French the next day say 
that the night after tho engagement tho French packed up all their valuablo 
things, ready to put off tho next day by water to Crown Point, expecting 
. no other but our army would appear again, whom they despaired of op- 
\ Was ever anything like this ? It is an exact fulfilment of Lovit 26 : 17. 

A bravo array infatuated ! and fleoth when no man pursues! Butas words 
fail me, I leavo you to your own reflections. 

The Coll. says the army consisted of as bravo men as ho could wish to 
have. That an able officer might sodn have carried them to Montreal. If 
you ask, whore tho Gen'i wasf\ Somewhere behind, I can't toll whero. 
Wens there any Councils of War ? Not that any body knowsj>f.,- Did tho 
GcnT consult nobody ? Nobody can ML The death of Lord Ilfw? was an 
unspcakablo hiss. Ho was tho life, the ieul of all, and in him wo havo lost 
alL Threo or 4 Reg'ts aro sent up Mohawk river, and things look as If thoy 
were going to build a Fort at tho lake. Our men, if not called off soon, 
will probably die liko rotten sheep. All is over for this year, it acems. 
Now It will bo known if the land will feel in any moasuro as thoy ought to, 
undor God's uplifted hand, 4c Yours, 




thty did. The Gen'l after his return order'd public thanks to be given to 
the provincials, for their assistance and bravery. 

If this were not a caso to rouse Winds into a tempest, judge ye. 
I beg to submit this copy, with Dr. Hopkins' variations in ipelling^and 
his Americanisms, to you for the Historical Society of New Jersey. 

Very truly, 


\ : 

January 18th, 1855 


Jesse Baldwin, KevarTc, Rev. Aloxander W. Maclure, Jersey City, 

Silas Ford, Kewarl, Stephen 0. Gould, Xeicarh, 

Rodman M. Price, Trenton, John M. Phillips, Xttcarl; 

Christian Henry Scharff, Xeicarl. 


_i Hon. Luthcr.Bradi^h, Xcw Tori. 

P. S. Somo of {ho regulars blame *and curso tho provincials for not 
corajng to their assistance. Others, the'morc considerate, say they did woll 
and wisely In not ccming up and throwing away their lives, like fools, as 



Newark, May 17th, 1855. 
In accordance with the By -Laws, the Society met in their room in thi3 
city, at 12 M. Tho President (Hon. J. C. Horndlower) was present, but 
tho lion. James Parker, First Vice-President, took tho cnair. 

Tho minutes of tho last mooting wcro read by the Corresponding Secre- 
tary and approved. 

Tho Corresponding Secretary submitted tho letters received sinco January 
among thorn being communications from tho Historical Society of Connecti- 
cut, tho Regents of tho University of thd Stato of Now York, and American 
Antiquarian Society, acknowledging tho receipt of tho Society's publications 
— from tho "Wisconsin Historical Society and Iowa Historical Society, giving 
information of their present condition, &c. ; from Dr. Dudd, of New York, 
roncwing a promiso to give to tho Society certain documents in his possession 
— from Mr. A. B. Thompson, transmitting a donation— and from other in- 
dividuals referring to tho business operations of tho society. The publica- 
tions of tho society were directed to bo 60nt to the kindred institution in 
Iowav . • 

Tho Librarian reported donations received sinco the last meeting, from 
tho Historical Societies of Pennsylvania, Maryland and Massachusetts ; from 
tho States of New York, Pennsylvania and Now Jersey ; from tho Wcsleyan 
Institute, Newark; tho CollogoofNcw Jersey, Harvard University, Young 
Men's Mercantile Association, Cincinnati!, and Mercantilo Library, N. Y. ; 
from Jas. S. Loring, Esq., Boston, Hon. "Win. Wright, Messrs. H. 0. Carey, 
Joseph "Willard, Royal R, Uinman, S. L. Sibley, and Silas Ford ; from tho 
Supcrintondohfof tho Coast Survoy, Rev. J. F. Stearns, Rov. S. L. Tuttle, 
and from tho publisher of tho Newark Daily Advortisor. Many of theso 
wero valuablo works, adding materially to tho interest of tho rapidly 
increasing library of tho society, 'j 

Tho Treasurer reported tho balance in tho Treasury to bo $378 89, of 
which amount $103— being receipts from back dues, wore applicablo to tho 

._■ .. MM 



" Drc-proof building fund under the resolution of the Society of January 18, 
1854. • 

Dr. Murrat, from tho Committee on Publications, reported that no'thing 
had boon issued since tho last meeting of tho Society, but another number/ 
of the proceedings was in the hands, of tho printer. J 

Mr. Whitehead, who had been charged with the duty of editing the; 
Analytical Index to tho Colonial Documents, was making as rapid progress 
as circumstances permitted In preparing the additional matter relating to 
manuscripts on this side of tho Atlantic A large number of documents 
bad been examined, and. nearly flvo hundred had been analyzed and the 
summaries of their contents made ready for Insertion in the Index- As 
Mr. Whitehead had failed to securo tho co-operation which he Bought by 
tho circulars addressed by him to various individuals in privato and public 
stations throughout tho Stato his progress in preparing the work for tho 
press wss necessarily slow, as all the requisite examinations had to be mado 
. and tho necessary manual labor performed by himself. 

Tho value of tho Index would be very materially enhanced by having 
this additional matter Incorporated with It, and if tho plans of the editor • 
wcro carried out as respects tho obtainment of full reports from all tho 
public offices which aro depositories of tho State or County reco."*, tho 
volume would bo a completo synopsis of tho documentary history of New 
Jersey prior to tho adoption of tho Federal Constitution, serviceable not 
only to the general andjocal historian, bat also to the politician and states- 
man. , 

Tho Committee submitted the circulars of tho editor, making known his 
wishes to all having knowlcdgo of documents referring to tho history of tho 
Stato, .and also a specimen sheet of the work, to which they directed tho 
attention of tho members. 

Mr. "Whitehead said that the work upon which he was engaged could 

, only bo rendered completo by securing from all public depositories— tho 

Counties, Townships, Churches, 4c— reports of the condition and extent of 

•• tho records in each ; and so dcsirablo was jt to obtain these reports, that ho 

t earnestly requested tho co-operation of all the members. 

Mr. Dlrvee, from tho Committee on tho Firo Proof Building, reported 
verbally that ho further progress had been made In the collection of funds. 
That It was setisfactory to knbw that the site for the building had been se- 
• cured and paid for, and as tho amount thus far collected had been drawn 
principally from gentlemen In Newark and its vicinity, it was hoped that 
thoso residing in other parts of the State would now be induced to contributo 
that the enterprise might go on, and tho historical traesurcs of the Society 
be placed in safety. 

. Mr. Haves, from the Committee on Nominations, reported favorably upon 
& number of gentlemen, whose names wero submitted at the last mooting 
who wero all duly elected, and other nominations received. 



i. • 

h \ 


I ' '" 


m ' 


■ '-. « 

The special business requiring the attention of the members, — the pro- 
posed change in the By-LawB relative to tho place where tho Annual mooting 
should be held, of which notice was given at the January meeting, — was 
then taken up ; but in the absence of the Hon. William P. Robeson, who 
proposed tho change, and from the desire expressed by several members for 
its postponement, the subject was laid over until the next annual meeting. 
A long and irregular debate preceded this decision, in which tho Chair, 
Judge Duer, Rev. Dr. Murray, Rev. Mr. Sherman, the President, Messrs. 
Whitehead, Morris, Gifford, a,nd others, participated. 

On motion of Dr. Mubrat, it was 

JRctolued t That tho Librarian be requested to prepare a list of the draw* 
ings and papers of Robert Fulton, in tho poscsslon of the Society, with such 
remarks and explanations appended aa he may deem advisable. 

In view of tho difficulty experienced in getting the wishes of the Society 
carried out respecting Monumental Inscriptions in conscquenco of members 
not being specially authorized to mako tho examinations, it was, on motion 
of Mr. Whitehead, . . 

lletohcd, That Messrs. Daniel B. Ryall, of Freehold, Thos. J. Strykcr, of 
Trenton, Richard S. Field, of Princeton, John Rodgers, of Burlington, S. 
Alofscn, of Jersey City, Revs. Drs, Davidson, of Now Brunswick, and 
Murray, of Elizabcthtown, Rev. J. F. Tuttle, of Rockaway, rind the Rov. A. 
B. Patcrson, of Salem, bo requested to servo as Chairman of Committees, 
to bo by them organized in, their respective places of residence, for tho 
purposo of adopting such measures as may bo necessary to prcservo for tho 
Society the information obtainable from inscriptions remaining upon monu- 
ments in neighboring cemeteries, bearing date prior to -tho present century, 
or of a later period if it is thought advisable. 

Mr. Conoar submitted an inquiry as to the origin of tho old coins of 
New Jersey familiarly known as the " horse head coppers," as no authority 
could be found for their issue in any act of the Legislature. 

Dr. Lewis Condict replied that it was thought they wcro coined upon 
individual responsibility at a houso near Morristown, and promised to obtain 
more definite information. 

Mr. Hayes presented In behalf of Mr. David Demarest, an old stono 
com mill, such as was used by tho early settlers, which was thought to havo 
boon used in Bergen County 200 years or more. 

Mr. John Rooers presented an autograph letter from Titus Livic, English 
Commissary of Prisoners in Now York, dated March 12th, 1*778, addressed 
to Elias Boudinot, of New Jersey, who hold the same office ii\ the American 
cause, proposing tho exchange of Capt Manley, of the Hancock, for tho 
English Captain Furneaux, of tho Syren ; and onp from tho English Com- 
missary Loring, at Philadelphia to tho samo gentleman, dated Mareh 20th, 
1778, enclosing an order for tho exchango of Lient Col. Ethan Allen for 
Lieut. Col. Campbell, of 71st Regiment i 




The Corresponding Secretary presented In behalf of A. M. McBvalne, 
~Esq., of tycwportvillo, Bucks Co., Penn., a manuscript of sixty-four pages, 
entitled — -^ 

• " A short acco't of the Discovery, Settlements and Grants of^New Jersey 
under which the Proprietors hold, and also the Grants that have occasioned 
the several Riots and Disturbances therein, almost from ytho first settlement 
thereof; the matters whereof have been chiefly collected from Record." 

The author's namo is not known, but it was found among the papers of 
tho late Wm. Rodman, of Bucks County, Penn., and was probably written 
between 1747 and 1760. It is an unfinished sketch, and although it con- 
tains nothing which is not now to be found in, print, it is an interesting 
memorial, indicating some intention to write & history of the province prior 
in datd to that of Smith's. 

He also presented, in behalf of Mr. Airem H. RooebS, a lithographed 
portrait of the President of the Society, ex-Chief Justice Hornblower, 
which, on motion of Dr. Mdrbat, was directed to be framed under tho 
.supervision of the Librarian and hung in tho Hall of the Society. 

On motion it was 

Retolztd, That tho September meeting of the Society bo held on such 
day and at such place as tho Executive Committee may appoint 

A paper was then read by Rov. Robert Davidson, D. D., of New Bruns- 
wick, on "Tho cslablishmci.!. of the early Roman Catholic Missions in 
California, and their subsequent history, down to the transfer of tho country 
to tho United States."* 

Georob TATtOR, Esq., of Brooklyn, read a paper giving "An account of 
tho British Prison Ships during tho Revolution, and the sufferings of thoso 
Confined on board of thorn in Wallaoout b»y, Now York. 

Mr. W. A. WnrrenEAD read a biographical sketch of Gov. Robert Hunter, 
Governor of New York and New Jcrsoy from 1709 to 1719. 

Tho thanks of tho Society were, on motion, returned to these gentlemen 
and copies of their respective papers roqucstcd.* 

The .Society then adjourped, and subsequently most of tho members par. 
took of dinner togothcr at tho Metropolitan Hotel, at which appropriate re. 
marks weromado on introducing or in response to the toasts that were of- 
fered by Mr. Taylor, Rev. Drs. Hurray and Stearns, Judge Duer, Messrs. 
Hayes, Whitohoad, and Frclinghuysen. 

• Dr. DatidWi Taper biu iineo been printed in the Prcibrkriia Mtgajlao to T 
Juno, lSn. rubllihcd iu Philadelphia. 

■■ : ' .-.-.-..-. <-> 



5?-T . . 


Announced May 17rn, 1855. 

From (he. Historical Society of Pennsylvania— The History of an ex- 
pedition against Fort Du Quesno in 1754; under Major General Braddock. 
Edited from the Original Manuscripts ; by Winthrop Sargent - 
Tho History of Mason & Dixon's lino; by John H. B. Latrobo, of 

• Maryland. ~; n 

From the Maryland Historical Soiiety—h Sketch of the Lifo of Benjamin 
Banneker: by J. S. Norris; of Martin Behaim, tho German Astrono- 
mer and. Cosmbgraphcr of tho times of Columbus : by John G. Morris, 
. D. D. ; and Remarks on tho African Slavo Trado in Jamaica— papers 
read before tho Society. y". 

From the Massachusetts Historical Society — Collections of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. Vol.11. Fourth Scries. \ 

From the State of New York — Journal and Documents of the Senate ; and 
Journal and Documents of tho Assembly ; with tho Laws of the Stato 
of New York, of tho 77th Session of tho Legislature; — 11 volumes. ; and 
Documents rclativo to tho Colonial History .of Now York — procured in 
England, Holland and France : by J. It. Droadhcad, Esq. Vol. IV. 

From the State of New Jersey — Minutes and Journal of the Senato and 
General Assembly of Now Jersey, with Documents and Appendix, for 

From the State of Pennsylvania — Report of the Stato Librarian, to tho 
Legislature of Pennsylvania, with a Catalogue of Books, for 1854. 

From the Newark Wesleyan Institute — The Collego of New Jersey, and 
Harvard Univorsity. Reports and Catalogues. 

From S. 0. Drake, Esq., Boston— No. 2— Vol. IX— of Tho New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register and Antiquarian Journal. •" 1 

From Jo*. S, Lorina, Esq., Boston— Gov. Gardener's Address before tho 
Legislature of Massachusetts, Jan. Oth, 1655 ; a Sormon delivered before 
tho samo Legislature on Jan. 8d, 1855, by S. K. Lathrop, D. D. ; Circular 
of the Boston Subroarino and Wrecking Co., Nov. 1854 ; and Eighteenth 
Annual Report of the Board of Education, with tho Eighteenth Annual 
Report of tho Boord. Boston, 1855. 

From the Hon, Win, Wriaht—A Statistical view of tho United States, 
boing a Compondum of tho Seventh Census, with comparative Tables 
and Notes ; Andrew's Report on the Trado and Commerce of the British 
North American Colonies ; Foster and Whitney's Report on tho Geology 
of the Lako Superior Land 1 District— Part 2d— with Maps; and Corres- 
pondence rclativo to tho Naval Expedition to Japan. 

From the Superintendent of the Coast Survey— Report Bhowing tho 
Progress of tho Survoy during* tho year 1853. \ 

From the National Observatory, Washington— Reports and Charts of tho 
Cruiso of tho U. S. Brig Dolphin. 



From the several Authors — The Slavo Trade, Domestic and Foreign — 
Why it exists and how it may be extinguished ; The Past, The Present, 
and tho Future ; and Principles of Political Economy— Part 1 K 2 and 8 ; 
by H. 0. Carey. , 

A History of tho Presbyterian Church, Madison, N. J. : A Discourse 
by' Samuel L. Tuttlc, Pastor'of tho Church, on Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 
23d, 1854. 

. Historical Discourses relating to the First Presbyterian Church in 
.Newark, N. J. ; by Jonathan F. Stearns, Pastor of the Church. 

An Address in Commemoration of the Two Hundredth Anniversary of 
. the Incorporation of Lancaster, Massachusetts ; by Joseph Willard 
Cataloguo of the First Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut, 
Nos. 1, 2 and 8 ; by Royal R. Hinman, Esq. 

A History of the Town of Union," in the County of Lincoln, Maine, to 
tho middle of tho Nineteenth Century, with a Family Register of the 
Settlers before tho year 1800, and their descendants; by John Langdon 
From the Associations — Twentieth Annual Report of Young Men's Mercan- 
tile Association, Cincinnati ; and Thirty Fourth Annual Report *of 
Mercantile J^ibrary Association, in tho City of New York. 
l, From Silas Ford, Esq. — A Specimen of Crushed Quartz frori 'tho Grass 
f . . Valley Mines ; and Cinnabor, or Quicksilver Ore from tho Almeda Minca 
From the Publisher — Chcrokeo Almanac for 1855. 

From the Publishers — The Sentinel of Freedom from July 1853 to Juno 
1854 ; and the Newark Daily Advertiser for tho year 1854. 8 volumes, 
. .bound 

Mat 17nl, 1855. 

Horaco N. Congar, Newark, Wm. Kitchell, M. D., Newark, 

Moses R. King, Newark, Nehcmiah Perry, Newark, 

John Kennedy, Belleville, John Morrison, Newark, 

* Caleb H. Shipman, Newark. 

Israel Russel, Nete York. 

Lewis M. Ruthcrfurd, New York, Mrs. Helen Stuyvesant, New York. 

. * a 





fltafptorw at William glewitiw, (Sari of Stirling, 


jQr- ... ... 


William LlTlogttoo to llio Karl of Ellrling. 

Elizadetiitown, May 7th, 1770. 
■ Mv Lord — In tho caso of Lewis Morris against Peter Van Brugh Living- ' 
ston, tho Chancellor gave his decrco last Thursday in favor of tho former. 
If your Lordship is inclined 'to appeal from tho decree, it is absolutely 
necsssary for you to bo at New York for that purpose without delay. And 
if you acqulesce'in it, it will also be necessary for you to bo there to raiso 
tho money to satisfy tho decree, as tho defendant has it not, and if ho had 
it would be unreosonablo he should pay. it, as your Lardship has had tho 
monoy, and tho affair is your own. I would only further inform your 
Lordship that tho defendant does not foci himself obliged to appeal at his 
own expense, as ho is not Indemnified beyond the decrco already passed, 
but will on furthor security, given by your Lordship for that purpose, suffer 
your Lordship to uso his narao to carry on tho appeal to effect ; but without 
this, ho Is determined to suffer (his decrco to bo carried into execution 
against him, of which ho desires mo to notify your Lordship, as I now do 
by express. ' I am, &c. ' 

* . i 

• Lord Stirling to Ucndrlck FUbcr. 

t Morris, November 28th, 1775. 

Sir— I have this day received two companies of my regiment raised at 
this place, which, by order of tho Continental Congress, I havo put under 
order of march for a very consequential purpose, which you well know 
admits of no delay. In theso two companies, I find thcro is, a dcfjtfcncy of 
ono hundred and thirteen arms. TbUy"aro to be had In this County, pro- 
Tided monoy is ready to bo paid for them j and as you havo twonty-flvo 
hundred dollars In your hands of Continental money for this purpose, I 



must desire that you will pay to Captain 1 Silas Howell, whom I fend exprass 
for that purpose, eleven hundred and thirty dollars, for which, the rnetrwb«! 
reoeivo those arms will be put under stoppages of two dcdlart t-abBtHln 
the Commissary's hands,, to repay this advance. 

I am well informed that thoro are aboot seventy Tery good arms;' tfitH J 
accoutrements,- at Hackensack, which I mentioned to the- Committed of- 
Safety. It is absolutely necessary that we should have them } and if jta' 
will find the money to pay for them, I will see that they axe forthcoming. 
This must bo done immediately, or the service suffers. I am 4c 

Goorge Wuhlngtoa to U>« £*rl of BUrlingS 

May. 11 Lb, 1776. 

Mr Lord— I have received your letter of yesterday. I had no particular 
person in view, when I issued the order respecting the slow progress of thr. 
works ; at the same time, I acknowledge that I am exceedingly mortified at s 
Bccing and beholding tho delay of them; whether unavoidable or not,- 1 do 

^not undertake to determine 

( Colonels Brearley and Barber inform me that the officers of their regi- 
ments aro now ready to take tho oaths, and as there is somo little boggle in 
this matter in other coi ps, I must beg your Lordship to administer them 
without delay, as it will bo a good example to others. I am Ac. . 

J»m«l Loti'J to ih« unM. 

Philadelphia, June 6th, — — 

I)bar Sir— If yours of tho 25th ultimo, is 'really a fourth, one has been 
intercepted ; for I have received only those which I have before acknowl- 
edged, of the 19th of April, and the 11th of May. I have but little 
expectation that this will como fairly to your hands; therefore, I here insert 
a curse for the dirty scoundrel who shall'be guilty of opening It 

I am sorry that I did not press yon In my last to keep yourself easy 
till you could be called away from tho Northward with honour, upon somo 
occasion which must soon offer, I wish Boston was, at present, such a 
post of honor as to meet your acceptance. But without some more certain 
danger, and a number of troops of some figure, I cannot think it worthy 
of you. As dangor is talked of in your quarter, I doubt not your presenco 
will bo most agreeable to the Commander of the Department It is under- 
stood hero that you have no objection to his residing with the army where 
you aro ; but you do not liko to be controlled by a Senior at a distance from 
the field of danger. I can only say at large, I hope the army at Ty will 
not be ruined by any misunderstandings of the leaders. 

I am writing to you before tho post arrives ; I expect much fret when he 
delivers what Is now on tho road from you. I hare lost more flesh by tho 
devilish arrangement than I shall recover again this season. I do not, how- 
ever wish myulf under ground, nor yov. 

■ * 




. • . ....-•-- 



If you should receive this anywhoro .on the other sldo of the Jersies, I 
beg you will speedily give me one lino in return." » 

. The Gorernor of Now Orleans is ready to do us every kind sorvicc. He 
will not allow harbour to British vessels j but gives Spanish papers to all 
the Colony Traders bound up tho Mississippi, to secure them from a Sloop 
of 'War cruising in his neighborhood : and ho offers aid evon to cash, if we 
make any expedition that way. I am, Ac. 

Memoranda or Lobd Stiblino. 
Octobor 15th, J778. Arrived at Elizabothtowu. " , 

Monday, October 19th. At Amboy. Fleet going down. • ' 

Tucsda/j . " 20th. At Newark. Fleet sailed, 150. Admiral Byron 

sailed tho day beforo with 15 of tho line. 
November 1st 23 sail went to Sea, and returned in the evening, the wind 
•'coming from tho South. 
" 2d. A Storm. They remained. 

11 8d. 80 sail dropped down to tho Hook, having on board Gcn'l 
Grant, and 10 Regts. Tho wholo sailed (109) in tho evening. . 
" 4th, 6th, Otk and 7th. Wind at W. and N.W., fresh. ', 

" 11th. A violent storm, at S. E. !;, 

" . 12th. • Another fleet fell down to tho Hook. 
" 18th. Wind S. A large ship camo in dismasted, and proceeded 
to New York. At night, a violent galo at S. E. Wrote to 
General Washington and Congress. 
41 14th. Wind fresh. W. N. W. Tho fleet remains. - Tho fleet 
gono down aro 81 Transports, tho Vigilant and 8 Gallics, 
having on board tho wholo of tho 71st, Allon's; 2 Regts. of 
. Delanccy's; 6 Co's. of 83d; 2 Battallions of Hessians; 
another detachment of liritish. In the wholo, 4,000. 

No largo ship left but tho Ardent Tho 6hip dismasted 
and a largo two-decker, also dismasted, went up yesterday. 
On tho Island, Barton's, Buskirks, 87th, 2 Co's Artillory, 
2 Batts. Hessians. 
•• 15th. Wind at N. W., fresh. Wrote to Gen'l W. and Congress. 
< Howel says two moro ships, dismasted, came in ; ono a 40. 

Lyell 6ays, fleet still at Sandy Hook. 
", ICth. In tho evening fleet weighcd,and went up to tho watering 
, " 17th. Wrote to G. W. and C. 19th, again to G. W. 
'" I8th. Sent ordor to Spencer and Morgan. 
" 20th. Tho fleet remains at tho watoring place, taking in water. 
■ " ■ 21st Wrote again to G. W. and 0. 7 of the Store Ships taken, 

bound Jo Quobcc. 71st landing on Staton Island. (a 

spy ) with the above circumstances. In the evening received 
President's (of Congress ) letter of tho 18th. » 

" 22d. Received G. W.'s letter of the" 21st. 


- IS* 

■ „ Ka ^X c»g^ *■ o. ir. W aw; •»*•• • 

■ : '1 Ci* V - £ £?&&£-* ( •>» to p™»- 

..,4th. * 1 , 6 ^";K' v „tc.«tidrotorii8dt<)Pmm M ,6iia.nstbe 

i. 7th Returned to Eliiabethtown. 
• '' «• 10th. G. W. went to Middlebrook. . 

bo for Jamaica. About 40 sail. 
.... 2 4tl, ^i^J^SS^S^^^iSSl the Bay. 

: mSmmm 

Emerald; ^^^l^t^U fallen In with 

l5 T n h o' Somerset was cast on shore near Capo Cod, on tho 

^cunt B'Estaing sailed from Boston the 4th Nov., b the 

T . TSfpiUl, dfsmasted, arrived at Rhode Island, about 20th 

* Adnuril Byron must have arrived ^jj ** "jf ' 

waa of Byron's fleet, and separated aoon alUr my 
• E tf a Fr'igatek,' several have been dismasted, and got bto 

... ^t^^J^l^^ 

By Rivlngton's paper of 4th January, » »PF 

Corps aro arrived at Halifax. • 
22d Deo'r Gcn'l Washington, went to Phuada. 

■February 4th. He returned. , v^ifA at Elitt- 

» 25th. Tho enemy attempted to lurpriso Gen 1 Maxwell 


January 1st. 


.; \, '..,'' '•*' "' *""'" " 



■ George Wuhlngton to the Earl Of Stirling. 



Head-quarters, Middlcbrook, May 25th, 1779. 

Mr Lord— Xour letter of yesterday, enclosing a plan of operations for 
the ensuing campaign, came to my hands this morning. Communications 
of this kind are always pleasing to me, because it is my earnest wish to 
• avail my sol f of every useful hint, and to have my own opinion strengthened ( 
by the concurrence of others ; but where circumstances are either not well 
known, or not duly balanced, a plan may appear very well in theory, which 
would fail in practice. 

The plan your Lordship has sketched out contains many valuable thoughts 
—not now to me — but subject to a variety jof embarrassing considerations, 
among which the relative strength of the two armies, the call upon mo for 
'men, (or rathor, the impossibility of concentering what wo have,) and diffi- 
culty of drawing out militia, — aro not tho smallest Besides these, tho 
combining a naval force— dispersed wo [ know ] not whither — subject to no 
one head — and to bo obtained ( if to be had at all > — by application to a 
' variety of powers ; with a weak land force, whoso (?) success must depend 
on socrcsy and despatch, does not promise much. However, as you very 
justly observe, circumstances will at one time warrant an enterprizc, which 
prudence would rcprobato most soverbly at another. Every project, there- 
fore, not fundamentally wrong, is worthy attention. For your thoughts on 
this occasion, you have my sincere thanks ; and wish you to offer them with 
the same freedom and candour upon every other. 

From correspondent accounts, I am left without a doubt of tho enemy's 
having concentered their force (that at Rhode Island excepted,) at New 
York and its vicinity ; that they havo' collected their boats ; and that every- 
thing indicates a capital movement very shortly. "With very great esteem 
and regard, I am, Ac 

The i.irue to lis him, 

\ ' June, 8d, 1779. 

Mr Lord — The enemy havo landed at King's Ferry :— are in such force 
and seem to have such capital objects in view, that I must movo my whole 
Btrerigth towards tho North River. I shall therefore despense with your 
, Lordship's coming down on tho business we talked of, respecting Staten 
Island, as I wish you to : bo with your Division as soon as possible. I ex- 
pect to lcavo this placo, myself— if there is a possibility. Nothing 
is amiss with us on tho North River, and tho troop9 in good spirits there. 
I tim, Ac. 

r The mat to the lime. 

» "VTbt Pors-T, July 24tb, '79. 

Mt LoRiH—Having received intelligence, (though not in so precise,* 
manner as I could wish )— of a pretty considerable embarkation at Dobb's 

Ferry, and that the Transports that received tho troops had fallen down the 
River' I think it advisable that your Division should remove to Suflerna. 

By'th* time you reach that place, some further information of the ex- 
pediency of your remaining there or advancing to Pompton, etc. The latter 
is to take place opon well grounded information, or strong appearances of 
the enemy's operating in the Jersles;— in which case, or rather actual in- 
vasio^-thii fore* of the country is to be called out— agreeably to the plan 
already fixed with the Governor, and the Militia Officers of that State. 

I have, ordered Captain Bedkln with his troop of horse, to join yoor 
Division, being: persuaded that your Lordship will not permit them to be 
used improperly— contrary practice has worn down our horse, and dis- • 
mounted more than half the Dragoons. 

I need not. recommend vigilance, because I am sure your Lordship's 
caution and prudenco will sco tho necessity of it, and will use tho means to 
guard against surprise. I am, Ac 

The uaii to the wme. 

"West Tom, July 25tb, 1779. 

Mr Lord— My letter of yesterday has, no doubt, reached you before 
this. To it 1 refer ; I have only to add, that it is my wish, that the division 
Bhould not bo moved boyond Sufferns till further orders, except in the cases 
mentioned in my last. 

As tho enemy arc in respectable forco at Stoncy Point, and may wish for 
an opportunity to retaliate, your lino of march through the clove should 
bo conducted with much caution ; I therefore advise a' light regiment or 
two, to lay upon the road from Jersics toHavcrstraw (pretty well advanced), 
till your baggago arrives at Slolt's, and then to join by the nearest 
route. This will effectually spcuro your left flank, and be the best guard 
to your baggage. I am, Ac 

The, time to the tune. 

Wist Pocrr, Oct 4th, 1779. 
Mr Lord— By advices which I bare just received from Congress, I have 
no doubt of the French fleet (under Count D'EsUing) coming this way, 
and that it will appear In these seas Immediately. The prospect of prevent- 
ing tho retreat of the garrisons of Stoney and Verplank'i Point (so far as 
it is to bo effected by a land operation ) again revives upon probable ground 
and I am to request your Lordahip will concert with General Wayue, the 
proper means; having regard to a relative position to this post and the 
certainty of forming a junction with the troops at It, in case the enemy 
(contrary to expectation) should move in force from below. "With great 
regard and esteem, I am, Ac 


:d ■ - 


■ y 

__-,-._• — ...- . .. 




The lame to the tame. 



Head-quarters, Morristowx, Thuisday ) 
r Evening 18th January, 1780. J ; • 

Mr Lord— I have received yours by Colonel Stewart Upon your letter 
and his representations, I shall direct the wholo of the detachment which is 
to move to-morrow, to proceed directly to join the main body. Should the 
severity of fhe weather continue, and [your information of the numbers, 
situation and circumstances of tho enemy mako it probable that an attempt 
upon thorn, openly, will succcd, I leavo It to you Lordship and the principal 
officers to carry tho matter into execution in such manner as you shall judge 
prbpor. If you determine upon tho attack, I do not think you should lose 
a moment after the troops are assembled, becaufse, in my opinion, our success 
depends, in great measure upon tho weather, which in its present state 
would alono bring men to terms in a short time. I scarco need recommend 
to your Lordship an attention to the North river. I do not apprehend much 
danger from that quarter, tut wc do not know what men may attempt for 
tho relief of so valuable a detachment as that upon Statcn Island. I shall i 
direct tho artillery to movo as early as possible to-morrow. If you mako 
tho descent openly, and in tho face of the enemy, you may probably havo 
occasion for it I am, Ac. 

The larca to the lame. 
; Head-quarters, Moriustown, 14th Jan., 1780. 

My Lord — I havo directed LI Colonel Do Hart, with a detachment of t 
250 men, to movo from Paramus to Nowark, and send parties of observa- 
tion from thenco to Bergen — to watch tho motions of tho enemy upon tho 
North River, and at Paulus Hook. Ho will communicato with your Lord- 
ship by way of Elizabcthtown, and is directed v to rcceivo any command from 
you. The detachment will movo from hence a$,soou as the sleds, which' aro 
coming in, aro collected. 

I havo reason to bcliovo that many of tho inhabitants, suspecting that 
somolhlng is in agitation, aro preparing to go upon tho Island with intent to 
plundor. Everything of this kind should bo prohibited as far as possible. 
If any of tho Militia willx mbody thomsclvcs regularly, and put thomselvcs 
under your Lordship's command, and sharo tho fatigues of tho soldiers, I 
think they should bo encouraged in such case, and be admitted to an equal 
aharo with the continents troops,* of whatever shall bo brought off by ' 
authority. • 

•I bavo furnished the party that march this morning, with woolen caps 
and mitts, and shall send down a parcel for those below. I think it will be 
advisablo when you get upon the Island, to let the inhabitants know that 
such as are found in arms must expect to be treated as enemies, and. their 
effects given up as plundor. I would bo understood to hold out this by way 
of threat, rather than put it in execution as to taking their effects. Such aa I 
arc^ found in arms must bo brought off as, prisoners of war. • 

A central position to tho three posts on the Island will no doubt be thought 
most eligible,— that tho garrisons may afford no relief to each other, or have 
any communication, I am, &c 

i The time to the' lame. 
Head-quarters, ! MoRRrsTow^ January 28th, 1780. 
Mr Lord — The present condition of tho ice opening an easy communication 
to all parts of the enemy, and thereby affording them occasions to make 
attempts ,on such of the officers of the army as may bo most remote from 
its protection. This, with other reasons which mast occur to your Lordship, 
induces mo to request that you will as soon as possible choose such quarters 
as may give perfect security in this respect When tho ico breaks I would 
flatter myself your Lordship" will have an opportunity of returning to your 
present quarters. I am, 4c 

The lame to the lame. 
IIead-qcarters, Morristown, March 22d, 1780. 
Mv^Lord— Inclosed you will find an extract of a letter which I received 
yesterday from Governor Livingston, with twelve copies of tho Act for 
recruiting tho number of men therein mentioned. You will bo pleased, 
in consequence of tho Governor's request, immediately to order so many 
officers as can bo possibly bo spared from tho Jersey line, to go upon tho 
recruiting service, 6olecting such as aro best acquainted with that duty, and 
who arc supposed to haVo influcnco in the respective counties. The words 
of the act arc confined to " able-bodied and effective men," but I wish your 
Lordship to draw a set of additional instructions for tho recruiting officers, 
directing them not to enlist under tho above description, any deserters from 
tho enemy ; and letting them know, In very explicit terms, that the recruits 
will upon their arrival in camp, be inspected by the Inspector-General 
or ono of the sub-Inspectors, ahd if they shall be found ruptured, or in any 
way unsound— too old, or too young for tho service, or in any manner un- 
qualified for soldiers, that they shall be accountable, notwithstanding they' 
shall havo been passed by the County Muster-Master appointed by the Act 
I think this caution necessary, because It wouldjnot be a difficult matter to 
imposo an improper man upon a gentleman In the country not well ac- 
quainted with, or not very attentivo to military matters. 
■ You will be pleased further to direct the officers to send forward their 
recruits to camp in squads of ftvo or six, as they obtain them : for which 
purposo each officer should take with him a non-commissioned officer, and 
ono or two trusty men to perform that duty — well-dressed and well-looking 
men should be selected. 

Your Lordship will obscrvo by the Act, that a bounty of ono thousand 
dollars* is to be paid to each recruit enlisting for the war, exclusive of tho 

•In Continental money— then grc«tljr depreciated. 




: : 

1 If 

S i $ 



•3 .;, : : 





Continental bounty and emoluments; but, thai there may bo no miscon- 
ception or deception by the officers, or on the p*rt of the men, you are 
clearly to express in the additional recruiting instructions, that the conti- 
nental bounty and emoluments onjy extend to clothing, land, and such 
other bonofits as may hereafter be allowed to soldiers serving during the 
war,— in short, that ono thousand dollars is the whole bounty in money 
which they arc to expect. And the officer is to be informed that the two 
hundred dollars bounty, allowed to him for each recruit, is to include, and 
to be considered by him as a compensation for his trouble and expensed 

Officers of Militia are, under this Act, allowed to recruit men; and it h 
therefore necessary that thoy should be apprised of the bounty in money.- 
The best way, in my opinion, for communicating this, is for the continental 
officers, upon. their arrival in the several counties, to shew their instructions 
to the County Mustcr-Mastors, and County Pay-Mastery and request them: 
to communicate the subtance of them to tho officers of tho Militia. 

I shall bo obliged by your Lordship's favoring me with a copy of the in- 
structions which you deliver to tho officers, that I may file them with my 
papers. I am, Ac. 

Tho lime to th« lime. 

IIbad-quartsrs, Mobristown, May 16th, 1780. 
Mr Lord— Colonel Craig of the 3d Pennsylvania Regiment, has laid 
before me a copy of a Division Court Martial, held by your order, upon 
Joseph English for deserting from that Regiment and enlisting in Colonel 

i Livingston's. I observe, that your Lordship has disapproved the sentence, 
( which has found the prisoner guilty, and ordered him to return to his 
former Regiment,) upon a presumption that no soldiers were enlisted for the 
war in 1770. By this, I imagine your Lordship to be unacquainted 
with a circumstance by which tho enlistment of & great number of the 
Pennsylvania troops depends. Commissioners were sent from Pennsylvania 
to Ticonderoga — to arrange their officers upon tho now establishment, and 
to re-engage as many of the soldiers as possible for tho war — which was the 
term then fixed upon, tho' it was afterwards unhappily altered. English, 
Col. Craig inform* me, was among those re-enlisted, but being left sick at 
Albany, as appears from old muster-rolls, he enlisted into Livingston's. 
From tho foregoing state of facts, your Lordship will, I am convinced, soo 
tho propriety and^nocessity of ordering tho man to join Colonel Craig's- 

. I am, Ac. 

The lime to tho mnt . • '*- 

Hxad-quabters, MoimotowTf, May 19th; 1780. 
Mr Lord— You will po/ceive by the inclosed letter from General Maxwell, 
that there is a greajt diversity of opinions respecting the proper position of 
tho Brigade. I would ride down myself and view the different grounds 



but I am engaged in business -with the Committee of Congress. I would 
thcreforo, wish "your Lordship to go down again in the morning with Captain 
Rochofontairio, and ultimately detcrmino the matter. Tou are to keep two 
things in Viow ; a position that will cover the country, for which tho Brigado 
was sent down', and a proper regard to its own security — either from surprise 
or open attack. The people soera so exceedingly desirous of having it near 
Elizabctbtown, that I would gratify them as far as prudence would possibly 
admit They cannot remain in tho neighborhood of tho town without works 
of sorao kind, and yet, from the uncertainty of their stay, it docs not appoar 
worth whilo to throw up any of much cost or labor, or to destroy private 
property for tho sako of a particular position. This must bo tho case, if tho 
ono generally approved bo fixed upon. It is an orchard of Mr. DeHart's. 
Something should bo determined speedily, for the troops in the present 
unsettled situation, aro neither safe, nor answering tho purposes for which 
they were sent down. I am, Ac 

P. S. I bavo instructed General Maxwell on tho subject of the person 
takon carrying deserters from U3 to the enemy. 

' Tht lamo to tho lime. 

June 8th, 1760— SunteU 

Mr Lord — I am now at tho Connecticut Farms' Meeting-house, whero 
tho Head of ono of our columns is advanced. Tho troops aro halted and 
will lie on their arras to-night, to act as occasion may require. If tho enemy 
begin to cross over to Staten Island, and you are veil and clearly ascer- 
tained of tho fact, and that thoy mian to continuo passing— tho troops, on 
your informing mojof'it, or such part as may bo deemed necessary for tho 
purpose, will bo put in motion ; but, as I have already observed, I wish tho 
mattor with respect to the enemy's passing to be well understood, and not 
to bo taken upon light grounds ; as, otherwise, our moving might lead to 
very serious consequences. . 

And whilo I am speaking about tho enemy's crossing, I think it necessary 
to rcquost'your Lordship's equal attention that they do not move against 
us without tho earliest advices,— which is an. object they may have still in 
view, and which thcy'may, notwithstanding appearances to cross, endeavor 
to carry into execution. It will bo essential that good sentries or patrols 
should bo kept on your left for this purpose,— and somo horsemen or trusty 
persons should, also, bo kept at Ualsted's point, lest thoy should after cm- 
barking mako a "landing thero or at somo other place in its vicinity, and 
ndvanco from thence. 

I shall bo found at a house whero tho roads fork on this 6ido Springfield. 

It will bo best to withdraw tho troops which aro advanced, a little in the 
Tear of tho town, whero thoy will bo secure, as you and General Schuyler 
• proposed. I am, 4c. 

P. 6. Tho house I Blsy at is Mr. Whitehead's. 

• > 



Enrt'C Marbols* to the lame. 

I present my respectful corapliments to milord Stirling, and desiro he will 
bo so kind as to .tako caro of the two letters for Mr. Livingston and Mr 
Djier, and to forward them by tho safest opportunity. 

I wish a good and happy journey 'to his Lordship, and to bo Informed of 
his safe arrival. 

Tho Mir.istcrt desires his best complimetn3 to milord, and is sorry ho had 
so few occasions of showing him his respects and attention during tho short* 
residence that the General has made hero. Wo wish he could persuade Mr. 
Ducr and Lady Kitty to como at Philadelphia for the latter part of the winter. 

January 29th^l781. 

George Wanhlnglon to (he «nme. 

• Uead-quauters, Donn's.l'nRiiv, July Mth, 1781. • 
Mv Lord— While I am with tho detachment of tho Army below, you 
will remain in command here. Your principal attention will bo paid t'o tho 
good order of tho camp, and the security of tho baggage and stores left in 
it. There will bo no need of advanced pickets, as you will bo fully covered 
in front The camp-guard should be vigilant ; and tho officers commanding 
them see that tho men arc not permitted to Btraggle, or to plunder tho 
baggago of tho officers or soldiers. 

Tho greatest harmony having hitherto subsisted between tho French and 
American soldiers, your Lordship will bo particularly careful to sco that it 
is not interrupted by any act of imprudence on our part, and as Major-Gen- 
oral tho Baron do Vroincnel— who will command tho French line, is older in 
commission than your. Lordship, you will take the parolo and countersign 
from him daily. 

It Is scarcely probable that tho enemy will mako any attempt upon this 
camp whilo bo respcctablo a force is near their own lines;— should they do 
so, Umust bo by wator. Tho officers commanding tho water guard will 
communicato any ( movement to Colonel Greaton at Dobb'a Ferry who will 
give immediate -Intelligence to you-which you will of course transmit to 
Uaron Vroincnel. 

Jollt^L*^* ^ boin «/° rtho purpose of erecting a work there, 
aro not to be, withdrawn for camp duties. ; I am, &c • , 

under the^oDatitutbo of 1705 n_tDd l "» ldl ' Dt of '&« Council of AncionU 

t Tho Chonlier do la Luiernt. , 




William Falerion to the lame. 

Rarita*, 28d September, 1781. 
Mt Lord— I was near two weeks at Princeton, where tho Legislature sat 
In Juno last, and had opportunity of conversing with several of tho members. 
I soon fodnd that that was not tho season to urgo your business; for all 
their timo and attention was occupied in money matters, and in reducing 
their finances to some order and. stability. As pressing a point at an im- 
l proper moment always does hurt, and very frequently proves ruinous, I 
j judged it'most prudent to let business sleep for that time, and not to call it 
• forth until a coincidence of lucky circumstances should direct Another rea- 
son, indeed, operated powerfully with me, and would, perhaps, have induced 
mo to dofcr it even if tho Legislature had been disposed to tako it up. Your 
Lordship was absent, and I know well tho forco and efficacy of a personal 
application in matters of this kind ; and, therefore, did not think it advisable 
to proceed upon tho Memorial without having them enforced by your Lord- 
ship's presence. 
■ Your Lordship's letter respecting tho depreciation of your pay, did not 
reach mo until I had rturncd to Princeton. I gave It with the account to 
Honorablo Mr. Stevens, who, on returning it, informed me that ho was not 
able to do anything with it, for tho Legislature did not know of such an 
Act of CongTcss as was referred to in your letter. . ' 

A fow days beforo tho present sitting of the Legislature, I was laid up 
with a fovcr which confined me to my room. I should not have solicited 
them upon your Lordship's business, partly for the reason already mentioned 
and partly because 'their term of offlco will soon expire. In all probability 
they will not bo together moro than eight or ten days, during which they 
will havo the far greater part of tho officers of Government to elect ; this, I 
imagine will bo tho bulk of their business. Tho election of representatives 
will como on tho second Tuesday of next month, ; and tho new Legislature 
will convene on tho fourth Tuesday of tho same. Their first sitting U 
ecncrally.long; they seldom rise before Christmas. If the operations or 
the army will admit, your Lordship should attend tho Legislature at their 
next sitting, and urgo them to decide upon your business, or at least put it 

In a train for that purpose. , 

I expect that your Lordship will do mo tho honour of calling upon me in 
your way down'. It will add to my happiness to serve your Lordship on 
this, or any other occasion. I am, 4c. 

Td.EatI of Stirling to Brlcaaier-Oeneral Tan Ren-elatr. 

Albaht, Oct 25th, 1781. 

Snv.-By intelligence received this day, the enemy are advancing [both 
from the Northward and Westward, and accounts say are within . .lg u,le 
of Schenectady. I must request you immediately to turn out your bngado 
of Militia, and march, with as much rapidity as possible, to this city. 




wish them to bring, at least, six days provision with them; our stores, I fear 
will he short, and unless they bring with them several days provision, they 
may want sooner than the situation of the enemy will admit of their return- 
i ng. I beg you will suffer no delay in marching as soon as possible. I am, 

Oeorge Washington to the Earl of SUrllnj. 

Philadelphia, 80th Nov., 1781. 
'My LonD— I havo had tho pleasure to receive your Lordship's favor of 
tho 20th, inclosing your correspondence with Colonel St. Lcgcr. , 

I thank you, my Lord, most sincerely for your congratulations on tho 
late success in Virginia — an event, which if properly improved by tho 
States, I should hope might bo attended with tho happy consequences you 
Si aro pleased to enumerate. My fear is, that from an overrating this succcss» 
a spirit of relaxation will take placo in our measures;- which, shouldjit bo 
tho case, will provo very prejudicial to our futuro operations or negotiations, 
and may servo to protract a' war already too long continued. L • 

I am extremely pleased, my Lord, to find that tho Military operations in 
tho Northern District, under your directions, havo been attended with such 
happy success— tho consequences, I think, caunot fail to bo very important. 
I a:n,"*&c. 

Tl;« aamo to tho same. 


Mr Lokd— When your Lordship proposed meeting at General Knox's 
quarters to deliberate upon tho subject of my propositions, I roadily assented 
without atteuding closely to the matter, or considering how far it accorded 
with my idoas and views ; I therefore— as it is by no means my intention to 
have thocollcctive opinion of tho officers upon tho points mentioned— wish 
tho mooting might be avoided, and that each gentleman would give mo hi3 
sentiments separately in writing, that I may compare ono with tho other 

; —weigh and digost tho whole, and take my measures accordingly. 
• Not knowing whether your Lordship really did appoint tho meeting, or 
not, I now enqulro, begging at tho samo time, that it may not bo hold,' for 
the reason btforo mentioned, and others I could giro your Lordship. I am, 

. Ac. 




.Abcol, Rev. Dr., 4. Donations irom, 7, 89. 

Address of Hon. Jacob W. Miller, 67. 

Alexander, General William, Earl of Stir- 
ling. Selections from tho Corroapoud- 
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American Antiquarian Society. Donations 
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words, in old deeds, 4. 
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on Publications. Reports of, 9, 

60, 66, 120 ; for 1854, 63 ; for 1S55, 131, 

on Colonial Documents. Re- 

ports of, 4. 61. 

on Fire Proof Building, 4, 63, 87. 

on Statistics for 1334, 63; for 

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Biographical Sketch of receded, 8. 


Sally Advortisor Olllco. Donations from, 

fl24, 185. - • 

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read by, 183. 
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Dickenson, Hon. Mahlon L. .Death noticed, 

60, 68. . 
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W. A. Whitehead, 18$. 

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King, Hon. James O., 1 j Death noticed, 

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, o 

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King, 64, 6(5. > 

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' M ■ \ . 

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03, ia; Jan. 19, 
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I, 1171 

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124, 184. 

Periodical. • Resolutions respecting tho 
Publication of, 8 ; Post cost of, to be 
paid out of Treasury, 86. 

Prico, Gov. Rodman M., 83. 

Totter, D. D. Rt. Rot. Alonio, 1 ; Letter 
from, 9. 

• R 

Reports of Corresponding Secretary, 1, 
49, 85, 117, 180; Librarian, 8, 60, 85, 
119; Treasurer, 9, 60, 65, 85, 180. 185 ; 
Committee on Publications, 9. 60, 69, 
181. Commlttco on Biographies, 8; 
Committee on Colonial Documents. 4, 

• 61s Committee on Flro Proof Building 
4, 121, 181 j EiecutlTO Commlttco, 60, 

Riggs, George W. Donation from, 63. 

Robeson, Wm P., 122, 183. 

Rodgers, Rev. R. K. Donations from, 7, 59. 

Rodgirs, John. Donation from, 182. 

Russel, Israel, 117. Donation from. US. 
Rhode Island Historical Society. Dona- 
tion from. 10. 
Rogers, Alfred H. Donation from, 188. 
Romeyn, Rev. J&a , 1; Letter from, 9. 
Rutherfurd, Walter. Donation from, 135_ 
Ryerson, David. Donations from, 89. 


Sparks, Jared. Donation from, 11. 
Bavage, Hon. James, 1; Letter from, 8. 
8t«arns, D. D., Her. Jonathan F., 186: 

Donation from, 185. 
Sibley, John Lansrdbn. Donation from. 135 
Smithsonian Institution. Donations from, 

Shelly, Percy Bysshe. Probabilitr of bis 

having been born in Newark, 90. 
Schroeder, D. D., Rev. J. F. Donation 

from, 11.' l. 

8tryker, C. S. Letter from, 69. 

Taylor, George. Paper road by. 133. 
Treasurer. Reports of. 9, 60, 65, 85, 120, 

126, 180- To collect back dues, 63. 
Thomson, John R. Donation from, 91. 
Tuttle, Rer. Joseph F. Memoir of Goner- 

al William Winds, bj him, 7, 18, 117 ; 

Donation from, 91. 
Tuttle, Rot. Samuel L. Donation from, 



United 8tatcs. Donations from, 60, 113. 


Van Ncate, Rot. George I.; 49. 

Vattomare. Alexandre. Letter from, 67. 

Virginia, Fac Simile of old Map of, pre- 
sented, 1. ■ ' , _ 

Voyagoof tho ship Mary A Francis. Pa- 
per on, road by W. A. Whitehead, 64. 


Willard, Joseph. Donation from. 135. 

Winds, Gen'l Wm. Memoir of, by Rct. 
Joseph F. Tuttle, 7, 18, 117. 

Webster, Rer. Richard, 126. 

Whitehead, Wm. A., 4, 6, 120,183, 183; 
Paper on Voyage of ship Mary A Fran- 
cis read by, 13 ; Appointed Editor Vol. 
V. of the Collections, 89, 63, 120; Do- 
nations from 99,134 ; Report from, as 
delegate to New York Historical 8«cl«ty 
Anniversary-. 123, Paper on Got. Robi. 
Hunter, read by, 188. 

Wright, William. Donation from, 1S4. 

Zabrislie, Abm. O., 4, 6. 











NEWARK, N. J. : 

1S39. ' 

C'VLST^T^r-.""*^- ^ '■ "'**~- • • '"^^VVyZJL 



■ s ■ - .-. - 

~2*jt m * Bt &£?ZT"J-'' 

52 ' : 

.0"ON-.T : EISrTS. 


J. -UP "' l, 

: • - ' . * 




.. Pbociioros Of Meeting at Trtnten, January 17, 1854, ■ • . . 

Drawings and Papers of Robert Fulton in the possession of the Society, 
Account of the Establishment at Morriatown of the first Academy, Li- 
brary, and Printing Press, • ' » - • ' - ■ '; • . . • 

Pbocmblvqs of Meeting at lihrarl, May 15, 1850, • • . > ■ 

Supplement to the Act of Incorporation, • ■ .'..•_■ 

PBOCusnras of Meeting at Jtrtty City, Sep t ember 23, 1856, ' . .^ ^ « 
Extracts from Manuscripts of Samue! Smith, -..'•• » • 

Psocmdixos of Meeting at Trtnton, January 16, 1857, ■ • • ', • 

Psoc«E0J5Q3 of Meeting at 'fcwarl, May 21, 1SJ7, ■ - - • - ■ r '. 
Field and Staff Officers Now Jersey Regiments in B evolution, ,'. - 
Appointment of Nathaniel Jones as Chief-Justice In 1768— by W. A. 
Whitehead, •-'•.•», - J ;...... ." » ■ - . 

/Journal of Capt. Darid Ford, doiisg the Expedition into Pennsylrsink 
in 1794, : - • ■ "■•" " L * * < ' * ■ - ■ •]' • - "'•".'• 

Pbocixdisos of Meeting at Trtnton, January 81, 1868, • ■ . - - • 

Proposals of Colonel Mawhood to the Militia of Salem County in 1778, 

■ and Answer of Colonel Band, -• - - - «. - 

*^ Female 8uffraga In New Jersey— by W. A. Whitehead, -. - 

Brief History of the Boundary Disputes between New York And New 

Jersey— by'^Hon. James Parker, _ • • « - - • • 

Staten Island part of New Jersey, - • • • » • • ■: 

rsocKDiscs of Meeting at Ktvarl, May 20, 1858, .».«.<• 

<yfei tract from Journal of Lieut. Isaao Bangs, - • • • - • 

PabcusixGS of Meeting at Trtnton, January 80, 1859, • » . • : - • 

Paocnoaros of Meeting at jTnwifc, May 10, 1859, - - - • •' 
The Circumstances leading to the Establishment In 1769 of the Northern 
Boundary Line between New Jersey and New York— by W. A. White- 
bead. '« * * * * * '•-••.• " ** # * 
Index, ... - - - .-...■. . 


• 4 . 

• 14 

. 84. 

" - : -l n \ 

i 49 

". 5» 


r 70. 





lit " 







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?* Si 

P W 86 fc ^iol SW he«, for «0, . Htrena" read CiOSRaien. - ■ 
« v 89 r Llna 8, for "Committal read OommUttener. SkAsM&&$ 
■« 89,Llna84, for "Miss" readifr* •■•--'« '■■■■■^.^. -., ,-. . w 

"•^^^^^^^rfiidii^io: ; : ; ; T - - ■ 


•/.rjC.-.-,-:-\.T Ki ;i;i. 


-in f sr. .'-,", -.'i -: ; --- -;. RSI 


• yo^-yiu.' I •" " " ~yz$m7 : :: :[ ;:*:o ~ :;yo; T i; 

■ xjffv^fc: ?i^''v^," ; .'Tbeht6i», January 17^ 18S6. .. 
Lf accordance with the By Laws, the members convened today, in this citj, 
at Hi o'clock. The Hon. Willi a u P. RodesoXj of Eelvidere, was called to 

the Chair.'; ; j ' v ' r '- ■•: rCy?''Z'\ ■'■ \ .'• ^Z?^} '. 

I After the reading of the minates of the last meeting, Mr. WnmEiAD, the 
Correspocdiog Secretary, laid before tho poclotr various Jettcre rewired 
sincQ May last; among them being commanicstior.8 from the Ei^orlcal Soci- 
eties 1 of Wisconsin, Iowa and Pennsylvania, referring to exchanges of publi- 
cations ; from Mr. F. B. Ilouon, of the New York State Census Department, 
promising some copies of rare manuscripts referring to New Jersoy; from' 
Mr, liKA el R ussell, of Ne w Tork r ack n wl e dgi ng bis election, as a corr c 1- 
ponding member, and transmitting a donation of pamphlets and Interesting 
manuscript records relating to the establishment of the first Academy, Pub- 
lic Library and Printing Press In Mtrris town ; from the Department of State 
and 8mitbioni»n Institution; forwaijdlng* donations . for the Library ; from 
Bon. Lbwu Ooxniov, of Morris town, In answer to inquiries at the last meet' 
ing relative to the " Horse-head ", copper coinage, and from other gentlemen 
in relation to tfia Society's operations. :. < 

:■ In addition to the Items of in forma t ioD coram onicnted by Dr. Cond ict In 
reference to the old "Horse-heids," Mr, W.' read a communication from Mr. 
Chjiklm J. BcsmtMX,'Of ^New York, to the Newark Daily -Ad vertlser, em- 
bodying much not generally known respecting that coinage. Th»so com- 
munications were referred to the Committee on Yublicatioas. 

• ■ •; ,•':•■..>,■■ ' ; . : ;. f L) i • '■• ; /. : * •■ .- ; 

jVTha Arinual Report of the ExecutiTe Ocmmittee .was then presented u 
follows: -■;/,' [si? 1 ■ 
The 'KxecijUre Committee of Ihe tfiw. Jcreey Historical Sociefy teapaot' 


- ' . - ■.'•■;' 

'-■ ,: ! .; V .7'V,:;:>-;; • . h'^t/l&xrt'izirt .' •. \ / --. ■ 

• ' '•' : '- :i n- :..'"'.; ,-;.-\<-",T):. % i?.'-.: ; \\ .'■_■ .■; .• -,>.. :.-•_. ■.- J .-.:\ ■.■.-/!; aoL— 

'^mR O C JE E D ING S 

'■;■■' ••_J5*v" ' ' ' ' :: ■■■"-"»"■■-'• ••v-:r > :-^ '■■ ^: ■:.,'-■ ■■ : . ,' - ,*. - . ■ . _. ■$■ • 

.': , . • , . . . . OF TH1 ' ■ . • - -» 

.JC M« -• ' .' ■' " - •• t ;. •-: ' :.. .... ' : • ■ .. -■. ;. ,.. -.-. ; -.^ 




w, — trw . i unyyii i 

li i H » m w»iW*<>|— ■WWM* 

! ! 


** 2 _ :.V ; { : ; '.?; / MKBTINQ IN TRENTON. . _ <^ 

full/ present their Tenth Annual Report, with no Jess flattering prospects of 
the usefulness and prosperity of .their Institution, than at any previous, an- 
: niversaryi '•. • ' ■ ' ; i ; .•■'■• ',':—".' •'.'.- 

Although many have passed away, who were among its original founders, . 
or have since contributed to its prosperity, and while, from the nature of our 
W Association, we cannot rely pn general patronage, it has been steadily ad- 

Tanc ing in a manner that justifies all the expectations and hopes we have 
entertained respecting IE; indeed, if no greater acquisitions should be made 
< . than those i which now fill the depository, there would be a continual source 
of valuable reference for an accurate and important knowledge of events in 
past times, relating, not only to the history .of New Jersey, but that of 
' • many oiher- States.'" | .,(_..! ^ '*$M$&- ' (| ,....,.; i';. • /^.lY'As 
t The system that has been. adopted for interchange of books and documents' 
1 with similar soci/ities in the V nited States^ affords a constant supply of their ' 

current transact* ons; As will be seen by the Report of our Librarian, itijere 
baa been no dimunition of this interchange,. but rather, such aa increase' of 
' i '. contributions' as to require additional accommodations, in the Society's room, 

which have been made. A subject of considerable moment should engage ' 
the attention of the Society, which has been od verted to in the Librarian's 
Report, wbich is not of less Interest than the accommodation of books, it 
is, the means of binding ihe great variety of pamphlets, maps and printed | 
documents, which have been collected in largo quantities, — these are of great 
value to the antiquarian, the historian, and man of business, but for want of 
* 1, a proper state for' consultation ate lumbering the shelves of the Library^' '> .' 

--In the present state ofour funds, exhibiting only a balance in the trea- 
sury, of ono hundred and eighty two dollars and thirty-eight cents ($182 88), 
• it would bo'impracticAble to adopt se'veral measures, of great utility. . The 

, IttenUoh.ofihe^ociety is invited to the adoption of some means to increase 
iUfundsi great remissness existing on ihe part of members in paying thejr ; 
;Y . •.' annual duei> : ' r ' hi '", a ' ^'j . •*.."- ••„• .; ',■ .,-..■- • : . : ., --,. : .;^ ; v ■ 
- 'if attert Which were deemed of vital consequence, required that the Depc*- 
Kory should bo located in tho Eastern section of New Jersey, and liberal 
t contributions wore expectod On that condition, for the erection of a euitablo 
*,-■'•".' bulldirlg for the permanent security of property, in books,paperaand valua- 
ble donatipna.' These 'expectations haro been, to eomo extent, realized. As 
heretofore stated, a lot was procured in a central position in Newarki at the 
cost of (9,500, by subscriptions principally from that city, which have been .' 
P&ld; other subscriptions havo been added, but as a largo appropriation will 
befaece8B^mrthatpur^se,^tepK^ea8iB8low. :ltla hoped that Qw;in» 
creasing importance of such a work, wiH be 'sufficient encouragement 'for 
i' raising the, means' to finish' it It must be evident,' that the advancement of 
the Society must and should depend on the- unanimity of its members, 
wlthoaViregird to any geographical limits, or to the location of ita depository, 
which tanbw in tho midst of the largest population In our State, and near to 
* ' the groat Metropolis. [In no part of the Union .does there exist so much of 



•commendable^State pride as in New Jersey ; ita early and Revolutionary bis- ' 
tory have 'contributed to an .identity ,bf .interest and Reeling, and H ia corft- • 

dtntly hoped, fhiitiotMng juiill prevent jiU 'coJ\tiiwanci. .' v 

Occasion was presented in a prevldua Report, to mention tho perishable 
nature of the napnuments exposed to in this' latitude of. the United 
States,* owing to extremes 'of temperature, and the disintegrating quality of 
the material out of which .they are; formed, .and , thereby, showing ,the,lm-' 
portance of Paper' Seeordt^ as ttte important memorials of the . evente de- 
signed by these monumehteV' <."A fact worthy of notice haa been .ascertained 
in one of our Eastern States, that the only kind of stone which ia not effec- 
ted by this 1 variation in temperature, ia the ShU, which, is said to retain in- 
scriptions upon it for centuries without. any sensible defacement ... V, '■' . 
* Arrangements are contemplated in the course of the ensuing year, to pre-. 
s«nt through the Report of the Executive Committee some of the most, In* 
t&resting transactions of other Historical Societies, as well as of our owr . 

- The Librarian reported the Donations received since the lost meeting, and 
also, m foUowsr '^ ":•'.- '■* 

i -.'. • '•■ -,'•.: -..*'. ..-:-i;_: . -n ' I . J ' '■,.■'■:■''.':-• i - ' • 

la conscqhence of the increase in the Society's collection, since the hall 
was first fitted up, additional accommodations have been found 'necessary. 
These Tiave been provided, and greater facilities are' now afforded for con* 
suiting the volumes in ita possession. ! r' ; ! V r «;^ 'T- r ' \ . ''. 

Pamphlets oh a variety of subjects, newspapers, and periodicals constitu- 
ting volumes, accumulate asyears elapse. '<lt ■is desirable that a Selection 
from these should be bound, for the easier reference to their contents, as well 
aa their better preservation. , A gentleman of Boston has presented .the 
American Antiquarian Society with'flve thousand dollars to be invested, ita 
annual interest to be devoted to the binding of such books and pamphlets as 
may require it ' We would welcome the fifth part of that amdnnt to be hv 
vested for the samo object, and "promise the donor our special thanks, 1 with 
life membership, and for his name a long and grateful remembrance.' 

. . A copy of the Minutes and proceedings of the Town Meeting* of ,tbi In- 
habitants of Newark, from May ,21st, 1660, when, the. first meeting with ref- 
erence to its settlement was held on the x banks'of .the Pajsajc, until l688, 

. when it was^dirlded into wards for tfye more convenient transaction of busi- 
ness, has been deposited with the Librarian. There la yet another manu- 
script, the original record Of landa, deeds, willa,^, :commouly called MTha 
Town Book,",of which there is no i perfect copy.; iThis waa kept after the 
manner' of the towna of New England. It la presumed that other towna in 
Netf. Jersey have had, and possibly may yet have, their " Town Books " alao, 
together with other, fragmentaxelative to the ^past, which if accessible would 
would enable uate^correct received and current traditions, or to discredit 
them altogether ; and also, give us the knowledge of transactions which wo 
neither ■aspect nor imagine. -'- 1 v •' +*'':" ' 

... Jjy • 

;1 tv\ • 

■ I • 

-#! : ! "! ' M'J. ' <■■'- ' .'■■ r 


I . 




-t ml i h ' .i wll 




• ■ .- ■.,-,;. .-i,/...:- ....-:":^ .■-.■..:,.....* 

' The original record of Proceedings of the Freeholders and Justices of Es- 
. • sex county, firohi 1785 to 17.8? toclusive, which appears to have been', lost 
sight of for half a century, arid not in the custody of the proper officer,' 
• : ha* Very recently come Into the possession of the Librarian. Several facts, 
somewhat Interesting, may be gathered from its pages.' Orle, to which ref-; 
crence may be made, is that, about 1789, three of the inhabitants of Newark 
were' allowed .twenty-two' shillings for ^he burning of "two negroes." 
i The example of the authorities of the city of Newark -with respect to Jits 
ancient records, iri causing a fair and perfect copy to be made, is worthy of 
imitation by the towns, cities, and counties of the Stale, and of its Legisla- 
ture. " ^ough thus securing only 1 a duplicate of Documentary ' History/ 
j ' such action would materially tend to the preservation of much that is Val- 
uable and interesting, arid indispensable in the preparation of that yet to 
be written book, the faithful arid perfect History of New Jersey.' ;\ ' -; " ; '; 

. Tub^ Drawings and Papers of Robbot Frr/roN, presented by Mr.f5. Alpf- 
sen ; having reference to Submarine and oteam Navigation, and Harbor. 
Defence, of which the Librarian was requested to prepare a list, are about 
. ! one hundred in number, and are as follows : • - > .<;" * , ' -' 

, A Copjf.of the Patent to' John Fitcb, and of the Petition, Specifications/ 
and Drawings deposited by him r arid filed in the office cf the. Department 

- ..of State.- Patent granted August 26, 1791. Copied by N. King. " ; Cer- 
tified by James Monroe,' Sec'y of State. July .12, 1811. 4 sheets, , ; 

PeUtiori/ References, Specification and Drawings of Daniel Keller's Im- 
provement in Propelling Boats, by the power of Horses aid Oxen. 

Dated May 9, 1795. 2 sheets. - 

- .•',■'.■.;•':•.* ;...-',> /..' .-..■•: -f : , j ■....-,"- -.;■! •-...•• - v, ; ,.. ■;',:'. ,,'.■' 

PcUtipn,Vpe8cription, References and Drawings, relative to Jehosbaphat 
,t StmV Improvement, iri the, Application of Steam Engines to Boats. 
,.; Dated April 87, 1797. k sheets.; 

Petition and Description; with WDrawing of Charles Stoudinger's 'Machine-'' 
' ^7 ^ o r P^J^^ 8 j? **** j*^ .: X> * tented Jano *» 1798.. -8 sheets. : 
Specifications' arid Diiwlng of. R, Claiborne's Improvement in' the Oar or 
~P»ddle for propelling Roata. Feb. 18, 1802. 2 sheets., , • 

' Dnwingand Explanation of Wm. Bell's Boat, for Inland ^navigation, pro- 
i pelled by a succession bf paddles ;©n an endless 'chain: \ Dated Not 84^ 

• : ^m^i^mt :: f- :,| , ;■ ■ ,......- ,_ .' •.-,.._.. ZA 

Oopyoftho 1 Petition of .Mo^6^ : !Ma - 8^fie«««h8'-tiia Drawing of 

Copy.Ot Potion of Jameij A. Pearco, of Virginia, and Specifications and 
! Drawings of his Invention for proptlling Boats bj Oars or Sweeps Feb. 
/*7;18o7. 8 sheets. ; -^ 

- Drawing and . Explanation of an. Engine , for Rowing Ships, . copied from 
Harris's Lexicon Technicum, printed in London in 1710. ,': Copied .by If; ' 
King.- 1 sheet," < 

A Drawing and Explanation of the Combination of the Steam Engine 1 and 
-' Machinery in the Albany Steam Boats. Signed Robert Fulton.- July 22, 
? 1811. ;1 sheet ■ • *ij>* 

Drawing and Details of a new mode of arranging the Side Pipes arid 
.Working Gear of a Steam Engine. , ■ Presented to his friend Robert Ful- 
: . ton, Esq*., by Henry Latrobe, engineer. Dated 1812. 1 sheet 

Drawings relative to Inclined' Plane and Canal Navigation. Plate 11 repre- 

< aents Boats for Passengers, to have wheels beneath for the purpose of 

■the machinery. Plate 12 shows the mode of conveying timber '.to be 

- bound in parcels and floated, a sett of wheels to be chained to the parcel 

> for passing oyer the machinery. . 10 sheets, hf.l'c 

A Sketchor Drawing by F Fulton, 1800, and Explanations, showing the 
impropriety of making b^iall Paddles to a large Boat and seeking the 

. impulse by giving great Velocity to the Paddles, also a sketch of im. 
proved band gear. Feb. 7, 1814. 2 sheets. '' • : ,. X V!: 

Drawings having reference to Submarine Navigation. .R. Fulton, 1806. '.<■ 7 

sheet* •-'•-:■ • •'.-... " ~-\-;<- ; ; 



Drawings representing. Boats, Machinery, and Devices, with their successful 
application in the destruction of enemy's vessels! \ sheets. 

A Sketch showing a Method of Blockading the British .'Channel by (190) 
one hundred and ninety Torpedos. '/,'... 

A Sketch of a Boat 82 feet in length,' with a bowsprit of 17' feet, arid a 
. boom of 82 feet,' attached to its bow In such a manner as to thrust a tor- 
pedo under the bottom of a vessel drawing 12 feet of water:'''/ 

•■•-'.'--.■...''' ■ ■- - 
A 8ketch of an Anchored Torpedo, with a description by Robert Fulton/ 

May J21, 1811. , The lock to act with coriunon powder, or perhaps, says 

■ Mr.F., in a more simple manner with the silver fulminating powder, . - 

Sketches represehting Torpedo 'Ships, or old Merchantmen of 800 tons; 
filled in with empty puncheons below the water line, and pine cord wood 

■ or timber to tho deck, to prevent sinking, 4 or of them to run on an 
' enemy at the saine time, f MShe being at anchor how can she defend her- 
- self? or how could she defend herself if in our waters and under way ?" 

■ The above are Mr. Fulton 1 ! questions.' i 

Sketches having" reference to Harbor Defence. 6 shee'ta 

Drawings of Machinery, and Sketches illustrating the above subjects. ' 40 
Q sheets. . . ; . . ,- .. | .,' 




.6 — - * :•' , 'lESETtBtQ IN TBESTOIf. 

/^!]$e^i«afrbm ;.tKe"^trtt'ofice ;: we«mtdi"-b7K i HiiL;. A«, uluu . 
ber appeajrw be Mr. Fawh's-^many having hi^ signature. 

-- ' "' -. -:r.;v, , ;■ :/*, , . :, --. T^ - --•- -J^N^ 

;„ The Treasurer .reported .the balance. In .the Treasury as amounting* to 
$87$.8^fwbio> amount $196, . received from back dues, .were applicable 
to the Fire-Proof Building Fund. A large amount is due the Society: front 

the -members. ■ ■ .{ *■.-■■ •. 

. . • 


-J , 

' The Committee on Mmtions/repoHeSlhattt^ 
Society had continued to be issued— bating been brought' down to the pres- ( 
«nt thri«T: ^numbering In all seven' volumes. - V % m &f*J,s r '■>- *& ss •;.;• h^jCT * 
* f V- As iastas published the numbers containing the Current proceedings are 
sent grafoltouslj to every member en the payment'ofTus annual dues, and 
he is /consequently kept aware of whatever may be before the Society ' at 
j any of its meetings, and placed In possession of many of the important 
• .ff^wunlcadons.wceived.^an.d^apers read before ,it An examination of I 
iheso,. volumes wMshowmost satisfactorily the progress theSociety had 1 
, made In, illustraUng &e history .tf the State; ; The', series; from the Value " 
? andyanety of the contents, has become desirable to every student of our' 
' ™"gft "J ?Tery mombep of the Society should avail himself of the on- S 
portunity of procuring the volumes necessary to complete his set while yet I 
♦they are attainable. \ .. '. f~.Vy 

; -T^fl^T^^pf « , Coilection a »isoutpf print ;The Society possesses - 
only, few copies, kept for exchange wjth other kindred assc^UonTX I 
S? &S v DS *? J)Urchase ^q«ently made cannot 'be complied With 
Of (heo^.volumes>well asof the "Proceedings,- "the LibraWcln 
furnish copies to thoso who wish them. ■••"-"■ H?4 tW^Sfa" 

' S^Pff^ 00 ^ 6 "^- volume of "Collections, 1 ? to contain the Ai- 
aJytical^dex.toou^lonial Documents at home and abroad h« net bt?» 
much fcrwarded hy fflw Editor, (Mr. Whitehead) in con^uenc^ onh! 

"SKl-i-? H° |f#S M $8 * V PHwte- depositories, so necessary tl 

ernor to ihe ^subject, it is hoped thatWgJabers^yWfiicliitateTbVttV-- 
-^m>M^MI f j.lM.€l>te;(p'fhe l^islatu^faugge^i tne an! 

^&Sf P °^ ?W01cda ' -P«W^.St»ieiJttTe#tthfa-».TearoJtwVh?d 

' SSm^S?^^ examination of the Sblio : ■ 
^^|£^ ^ gg p! the;condiUon : of most of th^m is 

' i*r£d1^ 

™J5m , 8ubacri P faon h *d been received since the last meetfrrf^ It 
w« a matter for congratu Won that so favorable [ ^iTuT^J 

. i-- . "'•..■■'■• ' ■ '- • 

as it had materially risen in value since its purcha Be, and it may be hoped 
that means would not long be wonting for the erection of the building^' - 

■-: '*, ■-.^.■•:: ■•■??•:■> '>;:':••'■■> h):;'.*rr j; '; .'.': *p.h ; \ ■,•,„''. : .. Xt:[ 

? Thi Society theii' tooVi ' recess tintil 8 ? b'cl6c^iK !| M;''"- *^ ! «VT 

■•'■ Ori re^assembling, : irespebtabie audience; 3 cempceed principally of pienv 

here of theLeglslatuie, were present ■.:>.'! ?Gfca <)\ vSt 

The Ob^appohi^'tte'fonowing Stan"ding A Oo f mmittees'for':i880 : 

v On fltattofo— Messrs. Dr! lewis OiAm'ct,'J.^.- V BWdlbg ,T Job^^odger^ 
and Dr. Stephen 1 Congaf?^ fj»&f§*! J^ I: ^ l ;^^f *? *^Qp£&r 
f?' On 'JTominaliont— Messrs; D>A/Hayes] 'Peter S/Duryce',' snd President 
• Maclean.',, *:*"•:■ ;;v • " '. ; • -A,;:». fei rfy*flfcfi **(?i' 

Some change heing advisable in' the Committee on the' Fire* Proof Jtufli- 
ing, it WWxonaycf^ 1 ;.:';;; .. V.; Jg ,; '. ** \\ ff™« 

; ,^Hon^. "^Gregory;' P. ' S^Duryee,' -TTm.'iJeison Voo'J, VTm. P. Robe- 
: ; ^ ^chard Sr.|ie\d, Rev^^B. .^hernian; ^ifio^tk^ ^/^U^'-tV 
■ The following g^f^n^w^^en^ect^^c^.-for the ensuing year; 
. JPretident—Uov. Joseph 0. HonsBLbwsa, LL.D.,-]ffewarfc- !. sJ .vulryd' 
- v>;Ffo« Pr*»W«»<*-r-HoD. Jambs PabhpI,- Perth !)Amboy; flon. StXCT.O. 
Pons, Trenton •> Hon. W*. A. Dceb,^LLiD., ^Morristown,' > -,-;) .Vi •>:•>>:* k|* 
: , Oorreiporuling SecMtary-^Wx. A, WhitShiad, iJew.ark;: Jadop>ki! *Uiw 
.-. Recording Becretaty^-T>jinx> A. ^ Hayss, ; Newark.: *>,•>, . (i rt 
v ^Librarian and TrMWrar—SAMnrt, H. CiKQAR, Newark. 
':, Executive OommitUer-AsiCBJUi QrrrOab, Esq", Newark {.-ReV-.^NicaotAS 
Murray; D. D., Elizabethtown ; Hon. Tfitl,, Davto.v Trenton ;"rion. 
DudievS. GregObv, Jersey Oity:; Hon, His»T W.:GRaar,;Trerto« {.'Hon. , 
W: P. RoBssoir, Belvidere; RichabdS.-FuXo; Esq.^ Princeton jiBeY/A^B* 
. Patsbso?!, D.D., Salem { Rev. R. K/Rodoers," .Bound Brook;; iv'wj^ikfsj 

••• : • • '. •_• ;' ; .'■.' I '.'" ■■■>*■■; , ■ -.^:u V-'i •' n . ■•.':'■/ 1 ii -JiiViilr'R 
'The special business before tho Society— the -proposed alteration in tho 
By-La\r6— coming up, the Chairman called NsimfiAH Perry, EsqV to pre* 
' side, and presented tho amendment of which 'he had given notice, as fcl. 
lOwil^f^Ai .=' r. e<l i:!^i.:j' K i^rwU'v 1' ••; ; y.Vi'jii-'.-. : ; V 1 . ■.',■',*! vy In:- 
v Tnat the first By-Law be "bo amended as to' read^- M Meetings' of Che "So- 
ciety shall be held on the tiriW Thursday of :Mayj In Newsrk, infl W Wch 
, days in January and September, and at such plaleeS as the Socltty'miy froto' 
tim* io time deygnani, Ac.''' " - . ^ ■ . . '••! 5^«Vc :>& 5>> 

, Junoe Robeson said that the operation of the amehdmehtwotild^be' to 
render ft no longer Migatory upon the'Sodety b nold its manual meetings 
ln'Trehton.^ That; he had felt mortified at lhaJittle Interest ihanifestedby 
the'eltiaensin the proceedings "of. the 8odety, and did not think that g*ftfle^ 



_j men from other parte of^the State should be required to hold a ■ meeting In 
Trenton, when no' one In'the place would be likely ito meet with them. 'He 
had proposed the alteration, hoping that it would arouse the members In 
Trenton, to some little, riraliy with others residing elsewhere in sustaining 
• the Institution, but as it,had not had the desired effect, he would-nowask 
for Its adoption. ■■ ;. ; , . .7\\ ■■■'.--,->'■ 

Jtov.Mr. Hamcux, "of Lawrenceville, thought the change tod important 
to be bastfly made. He had been present at the organization of the Society 
In the T«7 room in whioh they were then assembled, and he should regret 
the. adoption of any By-Law that might deprive the members in that part ' 
of the State of the privilege of attending one of its meetings in each y«r 
■ -for It was Inconvenient -to him, and it might bo to others, to attend those' 
held in Newark or elsewhere. The historical associations about Trenton, 
as well as its being the capital of the^State, seemed to gire it claim tost 
least one filed meeting annually. .'•'■"-" .'">.., 

; JudotNajji did not conceive that the citizens of Trenton were any more 
bound to attend the meetings of the Society than those of any other place. 
As a State Historical Society, all were alike called upon to aid In sustaining " 
it by their presence, and In proporti/n to the- popuStion Trenton did *o 
At the-present meeting, whw wefe the President, Vice Presidents, R* 
cording Secretary and, Treasurer ?-they were all missing. : The citizens of E 
Irenton had sucka number of meetings to attend, and other engagements; 
that they ecu d not be ejected always to be present \ Not snfflcttnTnotiS 

with a request that others would copy, but nothing was «id about cbS 
therefor, and it could not therefore be expected of them ; and. moreore? 
the officer, of the Society were too concenh^ted inone piT Sj 
way jn which an Interest in the Society could be kept up, was by scattering 
Jts officers, and distributing its privileges more widely. ™ ^S^ 
-i Mr. P^ttn, although he had regretted as. much as the mover of the 
amendment, th^pathywhfch seemed to characterise the connection of Z 

S ^Tf ^^S &tt f^ e ^>^e could not but depre^&auy 
action that would withdraw from the place the annual meeting AsZ 

tcksWiT e ? «r puw for ^ ssajsys 

a Bte>.Socfcfr. ...All knew that such associations mainly depended unon a 
few fcr their success, *ndhe did not think that the absence oTrSn^n 
e^ywouW detract therefrom , and although "m^.tSr ofT 

Leg^arjy it gave an p PP ortunity,to. many gentlemen .from diffeSSs 

, ^.WarnrasAn said that eleven yearahad ^^A^LJ'^''''^^ 
«Iwi»tion of the Socie^, and year after year had about the same dumber. 


. until two or three years, past, come up to its anniversary, but, as had been 
stated by Judge Naar, that number had become less, and on this occasion 
there was a marked deficiency— owing, as had already been stated, to the lit* 
fie interest manifested here in the objects of the Society : which some gentle • 
men had frankly acknowledged grew out of the dullness of the meetings. 
He conceived that the remedy lay with the gentlemen themselves, There , 
was scarcely a member of the Society who could not, by recording some 
complicated story, or illustrating obscure events, place the Society under 
obligations, and contribute to the interest of its meetings.; He, for one, . 
had always attended the annual meetings cheerfully, for cherishing the So- 
ciety as a State Institution, he was willing, at some inconvenience to him- 
self, to hold jts anniversaries at the capital. -Yet there was no impropriety 
in holding them elsewhere. The historical societies of New York, Pennsyl- 

„ vania, and Other States, were not located at their capitals, ' He corrected 
Judge Naar, by stating that the By-Laws rttttkted the paid advertisements 
of the meetings to two papers, one in Newark and one in Trenton — and 
that the officers were hot so centralized as he thought— out of the sixteen 
just elected there were Jf presiding in Newark, three in Trenton, and cm 
each at Salem Princfton, Perth Amboy, found Brook, Jersey City, Mor- 
ristown, Belrj^re and Elizabethtown. . \ ,4 

•• Mr. Durtxe wished Judge Robeson would withdraw the amendment, as 
he hoped this interchange of views that had taken place would lead to ben- 
eficial results. 1 If Jerseyman did not take a pride in their past history, he 
knew not what they could be proud of, and he appealed to all present to 


sustain the Society in its important work. 

Judge Robeson was willing to exercise forbearance in the hope that the 
anticipations of gentlemen would be realized,' and thereupon withdrew the 

- •. .. 11 


The Rev. Joseph F. Tcttli, then read a paper on . ',' Washington to. Mor- 
ristown," detailing most graphically the trials and sufferings of the Ameri- 
. can trdops^during the, winters of ,1776^-7 «nd 177&t80, and. the circumstan- 
ces attending thq residence of tho Commandcr-in-Obief during the first win- 
ter In the old Arnold tavern, and during the second in the Ford Mansion. 
The paper abounded, with happy illustrations of character, pointed anec- 
dotes, and lurid expositions of localities, whioh rendered it highly accepta- 
ble. ..' , •■-.... .. , . . ,. "',:■■;, ■ . ■ 1 . . ' 

Mr. Field, after some appropriate remarks highly complimentary to tho 
author of the paper, moved a special vote of thanks, with a request for a 
copy to be placed at the disposal of the society, which, after some comments 
by MesssB. Duryee, Hammill and Congar, was unanimously adopted, .•:-'* 

wV'j ■ . ' • } i>y ." 

: , The Bociety then adjourned to meet at Newark on the third I Tuesday Of 

May nextl • . ' . ; . , >; r -i 

*■-* -• -'«■■--• 1 *■ -T i rt i w 1 


■-■■ ; • •■ """^TTV - ' 


■ - 

-:■ . ■:.'■, 




Laid befobe the Society, Januaby 17t^, 1850.. r: , ,■ 

.-■ "•■•• ,,;. ••> r"/-;, -■■■>: ' ■.■■: «: . • : . £»4* ■•• 

s - THE NEW JERSEY "HORSEHEAD" COPPERS; 5 *■?* •- *; > -''' 

4 - s 

. MtnorarUi r<c*i*xJ/rom Hon. Lewis Coxdict, J£ />., <tf MorrutQwn. ^ [ ..[. , 

An Englishmen; named Mould, fa or about the yearJL781, came to- Mori, 

* ristown with his family, and occupied the premises called "Solitude," owned 
by John Cleves Syniroes, Esq., who had just gone to take possessi"n of a 
large purchase on the Ohio river,. then called the Miami Country. '' "^ !.; 
' - Mr. Mould had been an artisan in some of the shops fa Birmingham, and 
had brought to'this country the* tools and implements of his trade. ' / "~\ 

' Coin of any kind, Was very scarce, and especially copper coin! ^ No mint.- 
! then existed in any of the States of the Union. .The United Sta1e«,"under 
the articles of the confederation, could exercise no power over the currency,, • 
nor fa any !way supply the deflciencyl ' Mould suggested to 'some^ of bis. '■■ 
neighbors; his knowledge of the process of -coining, and his willingness to 
undertake it, if permission could be had. *■ ,- ^ •",,.■'"> 

Silas Condict, then and for somo years previous, a member ojf the Legis- 
ktive'CetfacIl of the State,' and the next door neighbor of Mould, wis con- 
wilted by hlmi-yrho advised to apply to the Legislative authority. .' 'He ; soon 
had his machinery fa operation at Solitude, about tiro miles west of Morris- 
town, on tho Turnpike leading to Sossox Court House, where" he sold his 
< x Hortehe*da'". *§ >mm\cm&iti l Hb 'aMl who desired to purchase and Issue'on 
their Own responsibility. - They -were,- if. weight and purity,' "about equal to 
i the copper emission of Queen Anne,' a few of which were then in circu- 
lation— tho principal difference cbnkiBting <fa' the substitution of ;i[ : horse's 
liead, ft* the head of her Majesty,* change i tot highly offensive" fa; the nos- 

• trfaof*' rebellious* Oolom^t»;'ix>''r^ntrynnder"fte"l»n ! of her successbri , 

Mr. Condict subsequently added that he had been ' informed tfio manu- 
facture of " Horseheads" was also earried on at Ellxabethtown, and, it was 
, ;thqagh"Vl>/M£ Robert Ogden, Jr. nnder the auspices Of Colonel Mafitias 
* Ogden. But it was very certain that Mould's first enterprise waiRat .Uo& 
'fade, near Morristown. \ - r - • vr 





Mr C J. Bui\nen W the Editor of the Neirark VtOj Adrertlier. 

■■. ;N xw Yea*, August 1,1^ 
The JJew Jersey Historical Society having taken up for;favestigation th* 
subject of the coppet^oinage of the SUto, -m»de and issued previous to the 
oreaniiaUon of the Rational. Mint, » few: points fa regard to the history of. 
these coins may not be altogether without interest to.the pubUo, -i^wjog-. - 
the vear 1786/a ptoposal was made to the Legislature of the State of ^ew 
Jerser, then fa ueWorv by Walter Mould, -Thomas Qoadsby, andAlw*n 
Cox for authority to coin a certain sum fa copper.^ The proposals were 
referred to a committee, of Whom Abraham Clark, was Chairman, who, after 
having had a conference With the petitioners upon the subject, ■»** M» 
port favorable to the objects of the petition. .Accordingly, on the 1st of 
• June following, an act was passed by the Legislature Uraft*ttM ^the^par. 
ties to strike copper.coin to the amount in value of £19,000,- at the ratecf 
18 coppers to the Bhiliing, each coin .tq be.of pure copper, to be of .the 
weigh? of six pennyweights and six grains each, l#»gSl Si 
State/and to have such works and inscriptions as shouldbe directed. by. tho 
Justices of the Supreme Court, or any one of them., .The contracwra, be- 
fore proceeding upon the '.business of coining, were mreoverto enter fato 
bonds to the Governor, to the, use of, the State, fa ^ sum. of £10,900, 
with at least two sufflient securities, that they should, within two years from 
•the publication o£ the act,, coin the full.sum of £10,009 fa copper, and. 
faithfully and honestly > perform their .contract They were a so to deliver 
: ,to the Treasurer of the State, for Che use of the State, one-tenth part of 
the full sum so struck by them, which amount was to be paid 90f««V» 
and they were likewise required to'account tojthe Legislature, for the faith- 
-ful execution x>f .the trust reposed fa them. . ; y , . • 

On the 22d day of November of the same year, a supplemental act was 
passed, fa the preamble to which, aft«r setting forth that the good inten- 
tioustf the people of the State were likely to be defeated, by the .drconv 
stance of the parties being Jointly bound to execute the contract . Thomaa 
Goadsby and Sbian Cox were authoriied to coin.twq-thixd. of.the amount 
of £10,000, and Walter Mould the .-remainder, and incase of any neglect 
' or refusal on the part of Mr, Mould to .comply with. fegS^W^J 
enter uponthe performance of iiia'part of ; the coining,; ' within two months 
from tie-date of the passage of the act, then the whole amoun of the 
coinage was to be carried . on by the other parties, W,^^ °n the part 
of either party to gite the required. bond rendewg him liable to forfeit and 
pay the same sum, to be recovered> the same .manner that other persons- 
were made liable to pay, for striking or coining coppers by the prerioua ac^ 
. The Legislature, desiring to protect the contractors fa their pperations as 
far as possible, it was still further, enacted on the fourth day of June, ijph 
that* penalty pf.tep tfai«^ew>mInalTalueXtte.»um.OTSum»»o^^^^^ 
fa :paymeni should be; imposed upon any.person or persons who offered l to 
pasTln payment or exchange, any coppers otfeer than those coined under 






and by tho authority of tbo acta subsequently passed by the Legislature of 
' the State, or any which might be issued under authority of the government 
of the United States. Albian Cox and Walter Mould, two or the, contract- 
ors for the striking of these colhav were merchants in. the city .of Now 
York, the former carrying on business at No. 240 Queen street, and the 
latter at No. 23 William street, and were each of .them men of standing and 
responsibility. •• ^^j££v ■-.■".■- 

■» The' coins bear upon the obverse, a heart-shaped shield, with stripes run-' 
nlng perpendicularly, with the .legend ^BPluribiu tfhum M — on there*. 
Torse, a plough, surmounted' by a horse's head, and bearing the legend' , 
u Nova Cauarea" with the date in exergue. There are quite a variety of 
these coppers, which were coined for three successive years, and they bear 
the dates 1786, 1787 and 1788, respectively. . Of .sixty specimens of these 
coins, which I have taken indiscriminately from a number totny cabinet,. I 
find the troy weight of the lightest to be 4 dwt, 19 grs., the heaviest dwt 
17 1-2 grs.— the gross weight 1 lb. 6 oz. 1 dwt. and 14- 1-2 grs., and the 
average weight of each coin a fraction over 6 dwt > Some of these coins 
were made at Morristown, bat it is more than probable that there were two 
separate mint houses. . \ :■'* ."*.: r&$<£ ■■:.;.. ;J- '•.--■ ki% ' 

Hoping thwe few items of intelligence upon the 'subject may be of use - 
to the committee having the inve- Ration of these coins under considera- 
tion, as well as to your readers generally, , .' , f ! . - ' : -. r Lv 
■'■• I remain, dear sir, yours very truly, . ' i. - 

. . - r ; OHAS. J. BUSHNELL, % 

--'■: , No, 68 Wall street, N. 

■-:■ ■: ! 

from Mr. lsr«el RoimI. 




."■'V-"v-:' : - : '?'[. ''■■'-.• ; . i '- ''■•:': ; -v : ' •:■•'■' .**'•:'/. $** Yonx, August 8th, 18oo\ % 
" Sir. — On reading the f Circular issued a few years since bj your Society, 
one of which I received from the Corresponding Secretary Jast Spring. I 
< noticed among the many objects of which the Society solicited information 
from any one having the opportunity of giving It, was that of the establish- 
mentof Academies, Public Libraries, Printing Presses and Newspapers. '" 
Being one of the last representatives of a largo family, and having in my 
possession the books jmd papers of my father, Caleb Bussel, who was a res- 
ident of^Morrlswwn^Mo^ decease in 
tho year 1805, during 'which period the three obJecU which I 'have named 
• abora, 'were established and brought Jnto^practical operation to MdrriglbWn.; 
I do not know that it will tw deemed Improper in mo to communicate the 
information I jam able to give In relation to these objeck '■ ■ ■ ■ . ■ ' ■ '■ ' 
^J&jk regards the. establishment of the Academy; h has occurred to' me, a 
tiaple copy of the minutes of the ProprietoVt from Its first faceptton inHo- 
Tember, '1TM, to the completion of the building In Wcrembek 17W, ; ir6uld 
. mi tfstli \ : i*:j s-jw.w'vve;-" .-^'i.-hx-i v.> tii&mu '■ 


establish all the facts necessary to know as to the origin of an Institution, 
which has obtained some celebrity from the numerous scholars from many 
parts of the United States, who have at various times received their' educa- 
tion in part, and prepared for College. 

' Attached to the same Paper containing these minutes, are correct memo- 
randums in regard to the Library and establishment of the Printing Press, 
and Newspaper, 60 that any person wishing information on these subjects - 
may refer with confidence to these statements., 

Mr. Russell was a man of so much industry that it has given but little 
trouble to transcribe from his Books the memoranda given in relation to his 
School accounts, and it may amuse some who know anything of Morristown 
to look at'the trehBactiohsof that day; 

The observations 1 1 have made in .regard to Mr,' Wheipley, lore, Entirely 
from early recollections of him, and I believe, inmost particulars toy memo- 
ry has been faithful to facts. ..;: ...'.....•/. 

I am aware,- the -little information I have communicated in '■ these' manu- '• 
script pages may be considered of little general interest. 'We ooght not, 
however, to 'compare our enlarged views of tho present day, in regard to all 
these objects which our increased population, public and individual wealth 
and prosperity have i oabled the whole country to present in such giant pro- 
portions, to the samt, uijccts, as they. appeared more than sixty years since, 
when every thing depended on individual enterprise, when every one. was 
comparatively poor, and nothing was done for the benefit of education of the 
people by the State.':"-' 1 v ' ".'* j., /'?,,• ''■ - 

. I do not know of a i better depository than your Sodet/s Library,- for the 
preservation of the facts I have communicated to these aheela, for I doubt 
whether there are many persons now living in AforriBtown'who are at all 
conversant withjallThe subjects to which they refer; and as most of the in- 
formation comes within the scope of your enquiries, trust, it will not be 
deemed out of place to deposit it with you, for reference by anyone feeling 
an interest in the matter. ' '" ' ■ - -v- ~ '' '- 

' ■' . ' I am respectfully,"**., 

J; :■ ' ' ■ ISRAEL RUSSELL : 

• .■ "' 5 . . . : '" • '- ■ . ' f 

■■-':■ 1- • '• -■ '. 

•• ■ • , 

. . '. ■; :■■. •'.-• .' i \ I 

• ■ - ' 


, • V _ . 

■■ fc I ■■ afc i 

Wg li». l l« l A »l 



-OP BECBIPW AND EXPKyDrnmKS dubixg the yeab 1855. .;-' 


, On account of General Fund, viz : 
From Dues..., ,7, .$1*0,60 • 

« Periodical 7i :. ' T.OO 
. •«• vSalesofVol'L. : • 
' -- Collections . .'-.- . . . 3 . 00 ' - • 

•'. From Sales Vol. JI..V4.00"" 

Tc J Receipts Gen'l Fundi ;$155.10 
i : t'a account of Back Dues, vto :' / ■< 

*• • ^rom duos.; i'.ir;.- $28.00 n:-:; 

. «« 6ale8T?eriodical> 2.60 V >* 

JotaT receipts back dues, . . . .80.00 

do. for the year. . ".' 185.10 
Balanco on hand January 18,- '. ; " 
} iWtt .-. .'••-•• . '.. -v. &&i\ 248102 

-Newaek, Jan. 10, 1856 

,....,.* eXBENDCTUHES, '. :._...■:<■. 

For Incidentals . t.". :.'.'.,. t $19. 80 
" Books for Library. .'. ; . v ' 8.89 
" Fitting Library: .■./..'.. '8.60. 

" 'Sewer v Assessment ■ ~ : 
(chargeable to ..'! Building ;. 

zfggffi ,v*\*y.. .....:.. .;. e.oo 

For. .expensesAbn ^Colonial 

• Documents ......;.... . . J UM: 

Total expenses .:.[ ; ;-.■ . .' i ; . : ' $54. 'ti„- 
Credit to ! Building i Fund, ., $ T ^>'; 
,■ amount received ,. on that - - 
-account to this time... .., .196.00 
Balance on hand for general" 7 t - 
purposes . ; .' . .'.'.'Vri *V*™v382.iB8 • 

*> ;tv; : !"•;: ^ 

■_■;'■> -.v. .iVi L* g*. 

■ ■■■: ' 
I Respectfully submitted, -J "fZ V 

Wc hftvo examln9d the accounta and vouchers of the Treasurer, and find 
the same correct, and the b&lanco'on hand for the Building Fond to be one , 
hundred and ninety-six dollars, and the balance on hand for general purposes \ , 
1 one hundred and eighty-two dollars and thirty-eight cents. 

*.. Jan. 16V1850,' " P. a DUBYEE, 

• l ■.•"■ DAVID A- HAYES, 

- '."' Auditing ' tiomthUi*. 

K - 


, '. : ANKOUHCED JfHtABT .17THJ 1856, . 

From the Eho&p Island Historical SocUty—A. Discourse on the Life and 
Times of John Howland, late President of the -Society. By E. B. Hall, 

From the Etiloficajk^kcitty of Wuconsiri-^-Fiist Annual Report and Col- 
lections of the 'Society for 1854. \; ' ( '.-''' ;.' \ 

From the tiwn&iicutllutorical .Society— A History of the Church, in 
NewingtoD, by J. Brace, D. D. ; and Reports of tho , Officers of the Re- 
treat for the Insane— the Deaf and Dumb Asylum — and Transactions of 

•'the State Agricultural Society for 1854., " '.^ 

From 'fie American Antiquarian ^e^v— Reports of its Proceedings ia 
Boston in April, and at Worcester Jn i October, 1855. 

From the American 'Philosophical /Socwt*y— Proceedings of the Society. 

MypL6:; ; No;w,;::;;-;,; : .';;'; ; _ : •, . '■ . • - . 

From the Regents < of the University of the Stale of \5?eu\ Teri— Docu- 
ments relative .to. the Colonial History of thf Stato of New . York, ,' pro- 
cured In Holland, England and France. J By J. R. Brodhead, Esq.j Agent 

- Vols. 6 and ; 'and Reports on tho State Library and Cabinet of Katural 

"History. 1 ri-- r \' ' 

From, the Department of State of the U. S. .4.— Journal o( .the Senate and 
' -.House-bf Representatives. '; Reports of, Committees, -Executive .and Mis-. 
'- ceHaneous Documents. 46 vols. - * . '. : :I ; -' ■' » 

From Hon, J.S, Thotnsofr-'the Congressional Globe ^d. Appendix, for 
> r 2d se>slon,''88d Congress. ■\^:^' : l ''- , ; ' ' ' ' ,. ' . 

[ft<ltmfffa*Wm!'wfa of tho, Board^f Rigento 

.' of the Smithsonian Destitution, ;^i|n5 of other Pubh'c Documents. * 5 vols. 
From Hon. A- v. M. Pennington — Measago'and Documents at commence- 
{ .;'inent of 2d sessJon, 88d Congreis: *■ * ' ' .' ■; J \\- Jjjg^ £*£. 

From the ^Smiifucjiian Jn*^7ur^n^mlthsonIan' Contributions to "Knb'wl- 

'ed'ge,.' ; VoU t Vn. ( . . . --^j— ,v- '•'••-'■ -' r, •'*,"' 

Promt he : U.'& L Paieht O/^-Repbrt at the Commissioner bf'PatehU fbr 
" 185i !t ' ' ■" '" : '"' '>" •' "~ ■'--'' / -' ' 


■ ■ ) 








From ihe Authors— Orifpn and operation of the U. S. Naval Astronomical ' 
Expedition. By J. M. Gilliss. . 

•' Review of Camden and Amboy Company's Report on/the Accident of t 
August 29, 1855. Rev. Mr. Van Renssalaer. - 

An Address at the Anniversary Exercises, at Edgehlll School, March 

20,1855. R S. Field, Esq. - ; '^' !'■;-• I - - . .;-.■■-, 

From the Compiler, F. R. Hough, M. J).— Plan for Seizing and Carrying 

toNenr'York, CoL'-Wni. <Jofle, the Regicide, as set forth in the Affidavit 

of John London," April 20, 1078. From the original among the State. • 

. ,. papers of New York, with others on the same subject from State Papers 

- of Connecticut • _ -V:: * '::.-•}■■; '-- .', ,' -i 

From Israel Russell, Etq.fcf JV. T.— A Manuscript copy of the Minutes of 
• ^tbe Proprietors of Morris Academy, founded in 1791 ; with notices of 
the Morris Academy, founded in 1792, and the. establishment of ,the 
' Printing Pr^ss and Morris. County Gazette, in 1797 ; with potes relative 
- to Rev. S»muel t Whelpley, J &a. ; ,^ .':.,. ■ .' ._ 'y,'^.'. .'. .. "-' '•*,., 
' > . Also 64 Pamphlets arid Documesw, comprising Reports and proceed- 1 ' 
in gn of Public Institutions, -the Corpmtion of N. Y. City, and of Con- ,> 
-rentions and Societies in several States.. .' 7 ; ',-'? 

From 3.0. Drake, Esq., Boslon-r The N. E.'Historical and General Regis- > 

gcr, and Antiquary Journal. Vol. IX. Nos. 8 and 4. ; >-t '_"; 
'From Hetekiah Smith Chase, Esq., Boston— Tho Hundred Boston Orators, w , 
appointed by the Municipal Authorities, and other Pcb!ic Bodies,' from 
'1770 to 1852; comprising Historical Gleanings, Illustrating the Principles , 
'° an4 Pwjr* 88 °f our Republican Institutions. By James Spear Loving. 
From James 3. Loring, Boston— Laws and Resolves of the Legislature of \ 
Massachusetts, Session of 1855, and sundry interesting Reports and Doc- , 
• uments. ..,_•,.;-;'. —r .;.--.■«',, .v'. v '-.':. ■',,... ,'.:'-■. ;,.--/ 
From J. R. Sibley, Assistant Librarian of Hartard— Catalogues of Bjuv 
Vard University ; also, Historical and Biographical Notes, privately 
- . sprinted- ; ■■. . , ■. ., •/ ,: ; ' ... ,11 \ ^ \*/ __, 

. From ffotL'W. B, Laurence— Elements of International Law. By Henrys 
. TVheatohj LI* By with the laat,correcticns of the ". Author, Additional 
Notts, and Introductory Jremarksy A noUce of Mr.WheatWs 'Diplomatic 
Career, aid of the i antecedents of his life. By William Beach Lawrence. 
jfron' WiUkm J. Davis, Esq.,J?twYorhr-£ Treatise upon the Estate and 
: , Rights of the City of New York as Proprietors/By' Murray Hottnan, 

JSSQ. - , . • 

_ , ' * • • i \CSsj":;' ' lS j .. 

: Also, Valentine's Manual of the Corporation of tha C|ty ibr 1855. 
p * From 8. 6. JSurt— Essays on the Five Senses and other subjects. Imprinted I 

iatl^ndofljlOSS. . ... J. r ,..•,, ,, . 
FromMrt. William Ohetwood—ti Specinien of New Jersey coinage, ' \li& 
■ Drom F. T. 'FreU*ghuyton,'Eiq.— Manuscript agreement of elghty-ive In- . 




habitants of Newark relative to the observance of the Sabbath. 

July 10, 1778. ,' 

From J. Jf. Laurence, Bor&entovtn, 2T.J y — Geological Survey of the State 

of Indiana, the Governor's Message and reports on the Treasury, Schools, ' 

Canals, 4c, with Report, &c, of State Agricultural Society of Missouri 
From John R Burnet; New Jeney— American 'Annals of the Deaf and 

Dumb. • Not. i, 2, 8, 4, of Vol VII, and No. 1, of VoL VIIL ■**{ :■ 
From Joseph Black, Etq., Newark— -Poems on various subjects. By Phillis 
. Wheatley, Negro servant to Mr. John Wheatley of Boston, in N.£. Lon- 

don Printed; Philadelphia Re-prin ted 1786. A collection of Miscellaneous 

Pamphlets, arid the New Jersey Eagle for the years 1827-28, 29 and 80, 
' theTariff Advocate, published at Newark from -July ;23d to Nov. 9th 

1844, and a collection of other newspapers. 
From John Jordan, Jr., Philadelphia— A. history of Nazareth Hall from 
. 1775 to 1855, and of the reunions of its former' pupils at Bethlehem in 

1854 and *55; By Rev. L. T. Reichel of Salem, NTO. ; 

Seventy-five volumes and brie' hundred and thirty pamphlets have been 
added to our collection sine-, 'he last meeting. During the year, 121 vols, 
and 160 pamphlets, our whole number being about 2,050 of the former and 
2,425 of tho latter. Trom their several publishers, The Pa tenon Intelligen- 
cer, Jersey City Sentinel, New Brunswick Fredonian, The Princeton Press, 
Hunterdon County Democrat, Somerset Messenger and The State Gazette, 
have been forwarded to the Librarian. 

. >2 

■i . . "• 

. .. ; 

: - : . | . 


..-.•" i" 




.' •' g • - 

■ • '' : - ■■ ' 5 : r 

■''•■ : ' ' *■*''•■ ■' ■' ■ ' 
/' • ■ ; ' ■ !'•■ • ■■■:' ■'-'••' 

. . •' 




:..'"■-.' • ' ' ' '.• 

-" - ■ - '_ ■ 

'"■•'. '■-.■.■;' i • - 

: ' - 

JD/AlXlilUl O 



.. -.'- 


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■ S ...•■:''•:..■'"■•-■':- - . :• 



rocxsBO A. d, 1791. 

"In order to establish and maintain a permanent School for the education 
of youth in the different branches of literature in the Town of Morris,— 
We, the Subscribers, agree to form ourselves into a Company, to devise 
•nd accomplish a plan for that purpose, upon the Capital of Six hundred 
Pounds, to be divided into twenty-four Shares; each Share to consist of 
and bo equal to Twenty-five pounds ; and we promise and engage each to 
the other that we will pay into the hands of such person or persons that a 
majority of us In number of Shares, counting cue vote Tor a Share, shall 
hereafter elect and choose to receive the same, the several sums of money 
each of us do hereby subscribe, at four different quarterly payments Mbe," 
first to be made on or before the first day of May next ;— the second, on or 
before the first day of .August next ;— the third, on or before the first day 
tf November next ;— and the fourth, oner before the first day of February/ 
3793, for the sole purpose of purchasing the ground and building an 
Academy thereon, not less than fifty foet in length, and thirty feet in 
breadth ; to be two stories high, with a hip or gambrcl roof, and a cellar 




under 'the same large enough to contain, fire wood sufficient for .the use of 
the said house; and in order to carry our intended plan Immediately into 
execution, we promise and engage to meet at the house of Benjtmin Free* 
man, in Morris town, on Thursday, the eighth day of December next, at six 
o'clock in the evening, to elect and appoint some suitable person or persons 
to receive the money subscribed, and. to contract with some person or ' 
.persons to build said house; \-' 

*• Witness our hands, the twenty-eighth day of November, in the year of 
our Lord, Seventeen hundred and Ninety-one,. , 

Caleb Russell, two shares. 
IsraerCanfield, two shares'. . . 
Dan'l Phoenix, Jr., one share. 

.- 1 

:.......... &o o 


Alex'r CarmlchaeJ, one 

Gabriel H. Ford, one ": " -;i-,v,.l... 

Timothy Jones, Jr., one " 

Moses Estey/one " .'....,.. 

Jabez Campfield, one ; . M . ,\ .-, .'. . 
William Campfield,- bne : V ••'. . .\Y, . . 
Aaron ; C,Collins, one " , ...... .', 

Johna than Hathaway, one share.. £', 
John Jacob Faesch, one share. . . . ... ... 

Richard ^ 

.... 25 
.... 25 

m, one 
Johh"KihheyV one' 
Abraham Kinney, one 
Isaac Canfleld, one - <;' -: 
George Tucker, one ; 
David Ford, one ■ 
Nathan Ford, one 
Theodorus Ta'thfil, one 
John' Mills, one 
, Joseph Lewis, one 




25\0 ;0 
25 .0 . 


....... ,i.. 


25 "0 
25 ;o 

'25 .0 

.25 ' 





• -;. ... ■•..: 

■,- . ..' - 1 . 

v ..-f-i .- « ... . . 

Jacob Arnold,- one of .0. [Russell's shares... ....... .. 25 

Cbtlion Ford, one of Israel Canfleld's shares. .,...../. 25 ' ,0 

-"Thcrsdat, December 8th, 1701, a majority of the foregoing Subscribers 
baring assembled at the house of Benjamin -.Freeman, at ;Morristown, 
agreeably to their Subscription, elected Doctor Jabez Campfield, Modera- 
tor,— Whereupon the Subscribers by majority of votes elected William 
Campfield, Gabriel H. Ford, (Caleb Russell, -Joseph .Lewis and Nathan 
Ford a Committee to draw. up and report at the .next meeting a* Constitu- 
tion for tho government of the 'Company,., In like manner Dr. Jabez Camp- 
field, Caleb Russell, Joseph Lewis, John Kinney and Dan'l Phoenix, Jun'r, 
were elected, each, one to bring in a separato Draft or plan for an Academy, 
to lay before the Company at their next meeting.. •, . .»•.-.- 

"The Subscribers then adjourned tin next Thursday, the fifteenth instant, 
to meet at the house of George O'Harra,' Innholder, at Morrlttown, at Six 
o'clock in "the Evening^ 



^20 ■ *! ilOBEIS ACli)EMY. 

1 v««Tffi^AY ! ErBWicQ,'l5thDecemlMr, 1791— The Subscribers mei agn»*>. '$ 
'bly to ad>'urhmeht— Present, Jabez Campfield. Moderator, Caleb Russell, 
Gabl "H. Ford,' Aaron 0. Collins, DanT Phoenix, 'Jr., Moses F^uy, Jpna- 

-"than fS&i^f^ ■ 

Richard Johnson, Joseph Leiris, John Kinney,'Jolin Mills,^ Wml Campfield. 
" The Committee appointed to draw 1 up and report at this meeting "« 'Con- 
futation /or the government of the Company, 'reported a Constitution. byr. 
their Chairman,* which was read and debated by paragraphs and ordered to 
lie oyertiU next meeUngibr a' Second reading^ L' 

FV'A Committee consisting of Jabez Campfield, Israel Canfield, JDanl 
Phoenix, Jun'r, ' Theodorus Tuthili, V'Alexander . Carmichael and , Caleb 
Russell were' then appointed todrawjup and report a. set of rules at the 
" next meeting to regulate ,the debates. Doctor Campfield, Caleb Russell 
and Daniel Phoenix" produced various [plans for in Academy.— Ordered to 
lie over. Also, a Committee was appointed, consisting of Daniel Phoenix, 
George Tucker,' Aaron C. CoUins,'RichardJohnson f \John Kinney,' Moses 
Estey, r AlexV Carmichael, Israel Canfield, Jabez Campfield, Caleb Russell, | 
Joseph Lewis, William Campfield, John Hills and Nathan Pord to revise 
the Constitution reported by the CommUt?e>this evening, and propose such V 
amendments and alterations as they shall^e fit '/;]/,•/. -^ 

"The Subscribers then adjourned to meet at the house of Benjamin'Free- .. 
man, Innholder, la Morristown, on the twenty-Sixth 'instant,' precisely at 
One o'clock' In the afternoon." . ."•;,'; 

"MoroAY.the fiOth December, 1791— The' Subscribers met agreeably to 
adjournment— Present, Jabez Campfield, Moderator, Caleb Russell, William. 
Campfield, John "'Mills, Nathan ford, George Tucker, Israel Canfield, \ 
Richard Johnson, Moses, Estey, Alex'r Carmichael, Theodofns'.Tiithill, 
: Joseph Lewis, John Kinney, A. C. Collins, Dahl Phoenix/ Jr.^Jrio. jM 
Faescb, (by Proxy,) Jacob Arnold. * " ^; '' 

; "The Committee appointed to draw up regulations Yor the government of 1 
debate and preserving order, handed their report to the Moderator, by their 
Chairman, which being read by paragraphs, was unanimously consented to, | 
and ordered to bo Inserted in these minutes. [The rules are omitted] ; 

" The Committee appointed to revise and propose amendments to the- Con* 
tion, made their reports, and the same being read, was debated by para*' 

"The Constitution, as reported by the Committee, together 'with the h 
amendments made on the present reading, was transcribed, 'and copies 
were ordered and provided to be made and delivered to every subscriber ;— 
and also resolved that the Subscribers meet together in order to finally ratify :- 
the same, on Tuesday, the Sd day of January next, at 2 o'clock in the after- 
noon, at the house of Benjamin Freeman, Innholder, in Morristown'. (At 
which time the same subscribers, with the exception of Richard Johnson, 
Theodorus Tuthili and A. 0. Collins, with the addition of Isaac CanfieW, 



David Ford, Abraham Kinney, Jonathan Hathaway, and ChilioaEord were 

consisting of Jabez Cahfleld,' 
Ford, Gabriel H. Ford, Caleb Russell and Daniel Phoenix, JqqV; was ap- 
pointed to draw up a Cod o of By-Laws for the government of the Company ; 
and another, consisting of Willkm Campfield, Alexander Carmichael, John 
Mills and Aaron 0. Collins, for the purpose of examining and recommend- 
ing proper situations on which to erect the Academy, &£] . y. : , 

" jASUABTlitbj 1792----The Proprietors [met agreeably to' adjournment— 
Present, Jabez Campfield, Caleb Russell, Alexander Carmichael, Aaron C. 
Collins, Moses Estey, Chilion Ford, Nathan Ford, Richard Johnson, Abra- 
ham Kinney,; John Kinney,' JacbV Arnold, Johnathan Hathaway, John J. 
Faesch," pr. N. Ford, his Proxy, David Ford, pr. Proxy, Gabl H. Ford^p'r. 
do.', "William Campfield, John MUIs,' Daniel Phoenix, Jr., Israel Canfield,' 
Isaac Canfield, pri Proxy, Geoige Tucker, Theodoras Tuthili, Josiph Lewis,' 

"Doctor Jabez Campfield was chosen Moderator, and Joseph Lewis, Clerk. 

"Abraham Kinney, who was appointed to draw, a fair copy ffjh$ Consti- 
tution" .npon_parchmeht, j,-:csented the ,8ame, and.HJbeing read and com- 
pared, the Subscribers present subscribed thereto, and Benjamin Freeman, 
and Jo*epb Byram signed their ^ : . *^ 

"The ^Proprietors of the Morris Academy Resolved that they proceed ,in*,- 4 
mediately. to the Election of Officers, agreeably to the Constitution, and the 
votes being Haken by ballot, the following Officers were elected '.---Jftbcjs 
Campfield, President; Caleb RusselV-a-DjriJctor; Gab'lH. Fprd,3d Di- 
rector; William Campfield 8d Director ; Daniel. Phoenix, Jt^ Treasurer; 
Joseph Lewis, Clerk. '.>..--, & -■:',^>.v 

." William Campfield refused to accept the office of. Direc tot, and thexbtes 
being again taken, Nathan Ford was elected Tbjrd Director jnhia room. 
, *• :'••*•.'.'*' ■' * •-'-.•-- * • * •.* ■: 

." Adjourued to Thursday, the 19thjuistan^ to meet at the.^ho'uWof Benj'n 
Freenun, at 2 o^ock.^' . - ' ' .'',':' I "' ■"• 

" Jimuabt 19thi if 98— -The Proprietors met according to adjournment— ' 
Present, Caleb Russell, ; Alex> Carmichael,' Gab'l H. Ford/ Moses Estey, 
Jabez Campfield, (Proxy,) William Campfield, John JfFaetch,' .David Ford,' 
(Proxy,) Nathan Ford,' Theodorus Tuthili, John Mills, Joseph i Lewis, Chliion 
Ford," (Proxy,) Daniel Phoenix, Jr.!," Richard Johnson, • Abraham Kinney, 
John Kinney, ; Israel Canfield, Isaac Canfield, <Proxy,) George Tucker. 

"The President not attending, Mr. Carmichael was elected Pro tern. 

"The President, by his Proxy in writing, accepted the Office 'conferred 
upon him at the last meeting; and particularly stated some things which he 
thright proper, to recommend to the attention of the Proprietors. 
* 'V Tlie Committee appointed to report By-Laws, reported 'the same, which 
Ving'readind amended- 

'^ >> -*^^ l ^-»rr-^acr- < ^t9 rftf&-twt»-», 






" Sc-tolccd that the same do posa in the word3 following : "Laws and 

Ordinances made and passed by the Proprietors, of the Morris Academy, for 

. the government of the said Proprietors and their Officers." [The By-Laws 

omitted.] : :'•/'■/:.:;,,/'-: .. .' v r -' - >'■•: , . , .' ' 

; "January 10th, 1793— The Committee appointed to report plana ; for the 
Academy, reported sundry forms which were examined and thereupon' 
. "Jittolvtd that the Academy be built by apian reported by Nathan Ford," 
and marked A, excepting that the house shall be Sixty feet long instead of 

* Fifty-six as by him reported, and a Cellar underneath .the whole, of seven 
ftet clear, the windows of twenty-four lights, each eight 1>y ten— the Baid 
building to be of Timber.,' ■;■ f -' , ;- ' - 

i •'Adjourned to meet again at B. Freeman's, on Thursday, the 2d day of 
February next, at i 'o'clock. [At which meeting nothing was done, and the 
Proprietors adjourned to 6th February, when the President resigned his 
office, and a now election .was authorized to bo held at the next meeting, 
February. 18th.] ,'v ;,.;-,';/-: " ..;■-., a-- v 

.. "FaBBnjuiT 18th, 1792-^The Proprietors met according to adjournment— .1-y 
Praent, C^-ieb' Russell, G. H. Ford, Nathan Ford, Directors ; Dan'i Phoenix, 
Jr., TreasY; Joseph Lewis, -Clerk; Alex'r Carmjchael, Timothy Johnea, 
A Jr., Moses Estey, Jona. Hathaway, J. J. Faesch, (Proxy,) John Kinney, 
Abni Kinney, (Proxy,) George Tucker, David Ford, (Proxy,) John Mills, W 
Ohilion Ford, ffJProxy,) Rich'd Johnson,' (Proxy,) "Isaac Canfield, "Jacob 
Arnold. t '^;-';\^---^-; : : A, ; ';' '->-■•' - ,-'-■ \. : -'^: ^/^f^ 

' M Th* votes being taken for a President, Caleb Russell w«s elected. 5 ' "•' . « • 
> "Mr. Russell accepted the Office, and resigned his office as first Director, 
which being accepted, — :>■ :.''.! 

" EaoUtd, That a Director bo immediately elected, and the votes being 
taken, Doctor T. Johnea, Jr., was elected to serve as first. Director, and ho 
b^ing present accepted the Office, 

••The Directors reported and laid before the Proprietors the proposal re- 
ceived for building an Acadomy, by Caleb Russell, for £520, payable in 
four .quarterly, payments, asper the Report and Proposal filed. 

^jUtoltdi, Tbattha same be accepted, and that Directors enter into an 
article of agreement with the said Caleb Russell agreeably thereto. . L . 

• "Jtmlted, That, the President, Dr. Johnea, and Mr.. Phoenix, be a Com- 
mittee to enquire what terms and title can be obtained of John Stephenson, 
and also upon -what .terms a lot may %e bad of. the Trustees' of Morris $ 
Church, and report, <£c. 

VAdjourned to Friday evening, 6 o'clock." . . ., 

[Various meetings were held without result until]— ' 

. M FxMijA*Y37tb,i709— Israel Canfield, Alex'r Carmlchael, Moses Estey, 
Jabea Campfteld, (Proxy,) Jona. Hathaway, do., Jno. 'J. 'Faesch, da, 
Rich'd Johnson, Jno. Kinney, Isaac Canfield, George Tucker, David Ford, 


' 23 ■' 

(Proxy,) Theo. v Tuthih\ John Mills, Jacob Arnold, (Proxy,) ChQion Ford, 
(Proxy,) Abm. Kinney; (Proxy.) ' • 

i "The Committee oh Situations reported, that they do not think the title of 
Mr. Stephenson's land is good, and that they are offered 'one of three situa-' 
tions from the Trustees of Morris Church, on the following conditions :— ' 
• "70 Feet from Mr. Russell's corner in front,' and to' Mr. Canfield's line, 
at £28.. -:"'• ;:; ti i#iy&&& ' 

••100 Feet in front on the bill opposite Coanor'sland, and 130 feet, for £30. 
The Parsonage Lot 

" 80 Feet front and 100 feet deep adjoining Win. Johnea' Shop, for £25. 

•' Eetoteed, That the' Academy be built on the' Trustees or Parsonage, 1 
opposite to Connor's Lot; That the President' procure a Deed from the 
Trustees to the Proprietors, and have it recoWed, ; * ■' 

••On motion," Hudlted, That each and every Proprietor of the' Morris 
Academy, before the 10th day of March next, give to the Treasurer, an 
obligation under hand and Seal in the Penal Sum of £50 proclamation 
money, conditioned for the payment of £25, in the following, vis :— £6 5 
on or before the 1st day of May' next;— £8 6 on the'lst August next;'— 
£6 5.0 on the 1st November next, and the remaining £6 6 ~, the 1st 
February next; and that the Treasurer thereupon give, to elch Proprietor 
a Receipt for said Bond In full of his Subscription to said Academy. 

•• Adjourned. ; \ ,....,..:. 

" OctofiEB 4tb, 1792— At an annual meeting of the Proprietors at the 
house of Benjamin Freeman,"— [the same officers were elected.] 


After the Building was completed, although Caleb Russell was Clerk of 
Morris County, and had a variety of other business' to attend to, he con- 
.sented to take charge of the Academy as Principal Instructor, and on the 
*5th day of November, 1792, opened the School with 83 children. The fol- 
lowing are the names :t— Ellas Riggs, Stephen Thompson, •Anthony Dey, 
Henry P. Russell, Henry Extell, David Bates, Munson Day, Charles Russell, 
Ezra Halsey, Richard B.. Faesch, Jacob 8tiles, Jacob Lewis,' .Timothy J. 
Lewis, James "Wood, Nancy Lewis, Betsey Estey, David Estey, Phoebe, 
■daughter of Jedu than Day, Sally Cockling,- Hannah Hathaway, Eleaaar 
Hathaway, .Geo. W. Cook, Thomas Kinney, - Henry Mills, David Stites, 
William Beach, John B. • Johncs, Alexander Phoenix,- Silas Day, Rob't M. 
Russell, Eliza P. Russell, Chaa. Freeman, Chilion Stiles.— Total, 88 * . 


•School optatd 6th NoTrmtxrr. lfM. . . .. . '. 

lacnit* to 1 ft Drc*mb«r, 1T9J. . 
' Do. •'< 1st J«M4f7. 1TM... 

• To Jinturx tot. TJW...' 

Do.; . toiur,w,Jisa.. ...... .;... — 

;>?«if' Do. '.-. to DwtabtrSd.. 1W.... ;...'.... . 
' To<»l numbrr of dlffrrtol iwM to DeC«mb«r M. 1T93. . 

M • 

..,.../.... It 

........... a 


.>.. -.n 



WM WWia t .-in ^r> in ^y . . . 




Of? this number , there a^ present iAugqa^,l 8553 &P*i lJiWtojfol77 i 
Anthony "Dey/reslding between Jersey City .and, Newark, N. J.j Dt^. ; 
Estey, Jtaiding at Cincinnati, has been a Judge .of the State of Ohio;. Henry 
#01% lfatopq#ia i the Theological ^Seminary at Auburn, New.Yc^kfcDrf 
Jno. J3, Job^es, residing in Monkfcwn, N. J. -Betsey Estey, married a J^ 
Nottinghanv ^idow, residing in Pennsylvania; Elijia !P. Buase^^married/v, 
Mr. WmV A.' Tomlinson, Widow, residing in New York; Nancy LewJV ; 
roarr3»<J,Chaa..H. MorrelJ, Widow, grandmotherof Rot.jT, L. Ouyler, New [U 
York.'"' ;"'"• .' ,.'/. •;•'' -. ;: ••'' .' ■ - ?,y:-^^.'-:s-^*:iy. 

Mr. Russell continued in charge of the Academy until the close of 1795, 
anaVmprp ©rjess so until August,. 1797, rwhen.BeT, SamXWhelpley *»» ..';■;' 
called to take charge of it. - Bis assistants during that time wero Eliaa *' 
Biggs, Henry Exteu^ and JpOv Ball, who first c^me to th'eAcademy as bis ; 
Scholars} also John Woodrufit : • . f£% ■--'. ■ .-.- 7> :~- : - 
~Tha,,numb«.,©f 1; accounts in .his r School Book against • parenta 1 and . 
guardians, appears to be 150 names, namely/ of strangers, from New York, 
Phjjaileiphla^ ;Charjestpn l 8, C., from Trenton, New Brunswick, Amboy, 
Pompton, Newton, Sussex Coun,fy, and other places of lesser uole, in tb$ 
Stato,of ,New Jersey, were^,'.,-. : )~i;i\ : ;- s, -.•>-> a 
-.•i'. ■ .-; ■■ ;; ¥,- ■--■ sy.-,~:. :..., \ .. •" -, -: C ../ ' bots, 

*83 sending 43 Boys and 6,Glrk in all 48.-. ..... ..-. . . 43, ; 

123 of Families Jn the Town and precincts, sending 153 \Xka .£ 

<■}••"' ;.....>.. j 

Boys and Girls, in all 221, 

GIlU£,,: t 


196 « 73 

73 — \ 


From Bth Not., 1792, to April,' 1795— Total; ......... 268 

. : i 

I ' 

'. -.-■•■:.■ ,,'■-■ ■:;■:-, :. ! . ,■:..:,. -I--.-: '- \ .: . :■ :>. tf •• ■■■ .'■ -. ' '' [■: ' c .'.. 

...Sotojum ATTErorso School at thb Morbis Academy, -•. > ;- 

'-':.- ^ rj ' hV • ; ■ • ; :' ; : 'V»6« WW 10 JTSWT9A 

I*— Languages, Mathematics, and) 0K . _„ A „. w .i . , :.u{ * 

F.— French .'. . \ . . . i . : . .'; . ". '; . . . Quarter. , 
■ English Studies or different ■' ' ■ ■■ : jX ;.' r ' &Y*' 

7 ' PBicra or TtrmoB [1796.1 


bub or rmQ,T. 
r- Hot. ajTW... '.''','" 

.Jno. Jacob 

wobfMKh .....i. r ESrtB^t^LVrVil'.'.r.'.'junt. jtm.' •'■ 

MQBB18 AOAH£liy. 


. PIT*. I BUBQrtiJBT..' v , 

!m^wS: A j 

K(lS:: Ak «*» nKta *' s - ■ 

Kiwi zp 

^P ly^t.'Dr.ItoYJohDti..;.; 

iexV Carmlcliae). 
J i. 1 ™vJoha Klnn«y.....'.M. 

,G«ori« Tucker.. 

June 10,1^3. 


arid K. Erter, »■ 


in.......... ■ - 

nil. l... ....... 


IIMad. ......... 

- Jfohnti, L...., 


BttiejJohDd... ...... 

r.... r .i-... f ^ 


V» K.1T9S.. 

j^Ji^J^Cot. Jacob Amoli..: 4. 

...Sept. ta 


«, <M..IirMlOaafteld. 


Not., 6,17BJ..Ell*»RJof»....... .....1. 

M " ..Henry AtWI ...1. 

API ST. W.. John B»U... 1. 

1- - . ' ..JohaWoftJroff. 

Not. 2, *SS..Jol» Dtekenoo....... 

Dec. SX, -SI.. Ann iUrla Wood 

^i^^'.HtMj tooatau..^.: _ 

fe, '\ '^g;;John Harporw.... .^A 

Not. ^ M W»G^^JcmnvBfi^.;:.,i.^ ; ..a!.'. 5: 

8^ I'^I^B^:^::::::::^ 


.Capt Jabet Beach. .. 

10..J.,hn Xing..., 
3»..Bwm fiataw. 

»»r. «. ? ^•ijJebul Ooiior....... 

Nor. ' (, m W. .BteplMn Tbonpnn. . .'. 

... . h ••Jonathan euie*. Esq... 

Jan-J AITS'. ■ ■•., ; 

2ui>JA W.Jamnel Day...... 

ffr 2 Mir-V - ■-- 


(DtTld Bymjon. . _ 
Glttyirnold....... .......Dec. 
Brailer Arnold .Mar. 
Jacob Arnold.......... ••••"!, ■' 

. KHajRl^iti became A»«t Teacher T- 
eprjTAxtel, Ditto ■JL 

oodrnff. ''' V\Uo " %, 

Plcker»on...........,..Ap1 K IT!?. 

VattB«verhoudl........Mar. ». *'. 

. _ oojiu , Sept. 15, SC. 

' gXacr tta/porw , Oct. K W.- 

Hannah Harporte Not. A , 3*> 

Sss£:::::::::::::;::: fi ^^^ 

Charlea Ofden. .....rtb. M. "M. 

; DtTld Bale.. Apl S • VJ. 

■.WuihunRlfbter... Bepi IS. W. 

~ n'r PlenoD... alar. 14. *•• 

m Beach..,,... .....Mar. tj. "M. 

y Beach....... ., Jan'y 1. <H. 

ley Beach.. .............. ...Aor. IX W. 

Ira Beach... .................. ..Jan'y IB. V. 

. fanny Jeach.... M ,..A ~.Noj- *<» .*• 

...1. ■ AaronKlna... ............. ...J5«<. J. "g. 

...1. ^raHyUey. L...... ijuS | g. 

A i petiey Connor.. v.. ............ .Vlay 1. W. 

'"V,';*,jgta^nnor.. ...... ........ ....". • _■ 

<0T. «^ 

Jane 10. 


•Oement Wood. 

•Jetluthan Day.. 



;WUow EAchael Conklisf ...1 

." Widow — —_ Johna.......I. 

.'fophar Halhjray 1 \ 

..'.'.John ftephennon i.l. , ; 

&"».§. g..a*or«fSiry ......1.. 

A !T<aT.'St«Pb« , Ajw'....-..';.;..i.' ■ 
tL '^"Oabrlel Uoeter. .......4. | 

A *N.;B«nrn Hamilton.... ,'..L 

oiw.r..., Ki ■ 1. it* 

~ Jom ,!•■ 2fr 

.•.." ; M ... ....... p«e. 11. s- 

^•■:::::::::::::S|:| ' 

.................... .Jan7 1. jfj- 


... f . 


00.. ...; apI jj. 2- 

••»•«•• «?. T - «■«*«' 


^xt *. 

-**"• T 11 n a in nm« 1 111111 





E?f is 3S; 

■aid 6t riimr. J 
BeoJ'n &jach 

Sylvanos Arnold....... 

'.Botce Prudden" . .'. . . . 
•SUsjitoweU •• 

.Widow Sarah SUlei. . • 

.'Mrs. B«r»h Dlckerion. 

.BenJ*n Marsh.. , 

.Joseph Ma rah. 

•Joseph Byram ••• 

'Widow Sarah Beach.. • 
"Isaac Plerson... 

"Joe*. Skkenoa 

H r ' ** -^iWwMd Milta.. ...... .. 

'PP' ^ j^J;;Jo»»ph Mudiod.. .;.;•. 
"jpt. S9, . V5"Bamuel Morrison...... 

BenJ*n Freeman.. 

t9, 17W... 

y30, 1W.. Widow jentb£*i 

'. 13, JW.. 
une B, u f»i..NapthaU Brno....,., 

£**John Rowell..... ...-..< 

Tj'.iAmos Prudden........ 

"Abraham T. Schenck. . 


^g; 'SathuUt WHfoa. , . . . . 

..Was Hedges. .'> 

May' 't 2f..'jna«h Plerson. ........ 

Ap'l li W..Hetek1ah8tebMns..... 

Jon* 8, "93,.Pet«r I'alrchild 

Aft 1 IV^NathMBem....;...; 
fir- » J M..JeMph'Ta<ti«..;«^... 

*Wf- /.%*'*'BttM OoadM...; 
"?•*• g. 55* • BU * J Brookfl«M. 


..I. J. 



•Comfort MerrUe. 


Job Allen Beach. 

8amacl Beach 

John Arnold.....;; 

Lewis Arnold. i 

Jojtph Plerson 

- hue! Prudden 

Howell.... T... 
Jo well. 


IttySUIes , 


Dlckerson .'. 


, Uejr Marsh........ 

Olden Byram...... 

* hn Byram 

lUlam Beach..... 

Harriet Beach Vi, 

John Beach........... .-..., 

Sancjr Beach 
iijah Pleraon; ■'• 

Polly Dlckerson i 

Aaron DIckersoD, L ...... 

John Dlckerson. t. < 

Philemon Dlckenon, L. . . . 

rbebe Dlckerson 

Clariua Drake...;...'.:... 

JabealtlUa A.'. 

lewis Mllhw.... 

Samuel Honaoo..... 

Jabex Munson. ........... 

Caty Morrison...-. 

Charles Freeman. 

Benfn Freeman 

Isaac Oodon. .-.....!..... 
William Hamilton 

Phebe Jennings........... 

SUas Byram ........... 

Bally Byram 

~~ i Byram........ 

ona. Howell 


ohn Prudden 

' ter Schenck 


job Vail........... 

Jehlel Rom........... .... 

Jacob Wilson..... .......v, 

Joseph Wilson. ....'. 

Anna Hedges 

•Ruth Hedges.. 

Jas. Durham 

JSonT Stebblns. ... 

bner Falrchlld. .......... 

aeklel Reeve 


WDllam Tuttle. ..'.'. ..;....; 

ohn Cooper. M. t. L 






11 % :: 
..Mar. U, !«..' 

..Mar. 11. v 

Mor. H ;■».. Samuel Beach........ 

Dec. 1-W.. S»niuel Baldwin..... . 


•Joseph Lin ds ly, Jr.... 

^P:,v ; ................. 

,. ,7«;;M»Jor Joseph lindaly.. 
..BeoTn Undslj.; 

•;I»»a Wool ley.... 
"Isaac Beach- 
Jetae OuUer. 

jfarli g: 


:::c':>t» :^ 

.July % 

Mar. J, 


.-{ D»Ttd Cutler....; 


..'."'..Wot. p. 



pin. " i i 

hixp o? yurar. 

W f 2"0ol. WuTuUBDeHart,'..".'.'.*. 

fen, »• 25"' 

ICgr s. a ^..g,,^ HoDoTay.,; ."...a. 

A_pl 15. ■M:. , WUllamL<e......,.. 1 .......V 

a5«. » 2::Jon*ttan Browa.. . ....„....! | 

"ft 7 , 14, •^••fattteof Jno, Crane... V.»Ja^ I , 

§B, 'MilMatthlM Crane. L ' 
Si. . "93.. Joseph Prudden ;...!. 
11, 36.,DaTld Wood... 1. { 

Ad.1 Sjw'.' Widow XaiMlhPItnej..! 



oiGw;:;::;::;;;;:::^ t « 

1 ollow ay . , 

bOsborn fatr.lL.W; 

i Brown....... ....,....,.., .Anr. to, .JC' 


dtDi • * * *^ 


Jan. 1 ^6..ElUah Uolloway 

Not. U. . w..,.. 

•N Kc J, lTW..WuUam Johnee 

S Feb. » jJg,. BlW , Bnethen;.. "..'.'- 
Feb. M, 'VSiiPetcrDaJgluh.. .;.... 
Auf. ia S; Jonathan Ogden..... 

ApI Ji' S"Henrr Kbr..-.*.V.•." 

Oct. K w'.'.WUllamHudson.....; 

Dec !*.. •M.OeorgeO'lI.ra. 
' Aug. U. *M. .Joseph Lodlam 

Deo. IS, 'M.Jlebblos Norrls 
_ Jan.. IT, /W..Beaaar Byram 

Jane 10.' •».. Michael Mount. 

Jane M, "Hi.. Thomas Gelling. 

"a/ 11. VS..Mo4c» Kltchell., 



...hen I 

Stephen o| 
Wayne Ogden. . 
Jacob King,,,.,... 

GeorgeKlng. i Aug. U. "9*. 

Hannah Hudson .Dec. li. *B8. 

BeolVDlckerson Mar. fa. W. 

•Ebea'r Bayre. 

1....1. Abm. I^dlam 1 Oct. 10, "S3. 

.....J. • Sally Norrls -. May K Jf. 

; J.::\John,Iotten ;.... Apl V, M 

int.; ......1. Joseph Monnt .'........Hot. J. 5«. 

ling ....J. - Thomas Gelling. L. ..Feb. B. "!«. 

itll. ; 1. . James KllcJiefl. ..Mar. K <M. 

....."...,...... .1. GeorgsDlxoiu..... ..*..•• -J. .:~' 

i-Coyle 1. - DarldCoyle .Aug. «, W. 

. ■ - • j SamuefBiyre...... .,,,.. .-Mar, B. <M. 

*& ■•M^MCapLJno.Couett,!, JMtto. 
r. ft. 3**'.feteT Mackle, U N. York. 

r." », W. .LcwU Forman. 1, Do, , • 

»^ r-Ut. wmiit, ;■:•,' Do'. v 

W'.ilenry Wm. Dcs> 1 Charleston, 
w.. warn », . j t «tc. •. 

M •»*, .^amesJParter, 1, Amboy . 


wi KusseU,.., 
Ullam RoikII, L........ v ....j 

Igernon Sydney Russell L....I. - 

Ism Butler F .Sept. B. 



June 1», •».. Thomas Anderson, i, DiUo. , 
May K m.. -I 

• " „ " . .Solomon Smtth. J, 78oa»tx Co. 
Aog.lJ, •»».. . i ... ,<„^ 

Dec. IT •»., f 

??"Sf .*• J*;f^t^jMksofci|sV)ekaw»i. 

Knt K w'.'jVlHlam Ryertoo. f, Pompton. 
Nor. a, «W..Blis Cook, EsqTl, Basklngrtdge. 


i Jonas WillS,.-.... 
Charles Willi* 
Frances De**ao-iore, L. K SejL 1J, ' tt. 

n Henry...... 

ViB Faeaoh. 

ChrWU'n Koghr, L. F 

tv:::::::-::;^'^ g: 

v. B. T....\ June. - ,lT»i 

Walter Anderson. 
Oakley And e 
Solomon T 
Hannah S 

Jo*rph Jackson. S. iF.'." 

Jackson. L.......... 

ames i Jackson, L. AbI f W. 

!RwsSwifi&3Bp« ft 

" "" in s uu-^-^ma; i r ii w ii a ii ii^uia ii uaAjusWtjM pa 


-.....-•■, . »jjho»»cw 

. l.B»«k!nfrlJg«. Obodltb NIWiU.. ...... 

nt CSoiSexO*?, yUtoooDiiiop 

J, Buccuunjyr. O ■fr»£Pj»H: {V 

Ull.., B11D Or F1M1LT. 

Majt )3t 1TV5., Jacob Dr**«* 

Nor. t?, vL.Ju. P. Eomt, 1. Dover. -• J»mwLo«y.... 

Dm. 13,- tfTJoEp Sharp, 1, lUaMMi Town. i«^WJP;'V 

.*.;,<*. *..*r-Do<torV»<^l, Bottom '? •I»»»*- ¥ * *-*'v«— 


Ijfcuj" $£*»«tun tori %'< Ditto. ( :fe^^/.!H:;::::::::::lS^Sp 

Memorandum of Scholars, attending the Academy from Ha opening; on 
No*. *Bth^.;i792, until March ll'fh/ 179«, when Mr. Russell gave "up *jQ»/ 
chsrgejiofjit:-- ;. y.;;- ..',■-:'<'?.-'-■ . ■ -■; -< "■ '<- - 

Number of Scholars in Morristown. . i. . .'. . ..... '...;... .'. . . . .,233 i' 

«. •"■•«"•.- from abroad. ...... ."..'v.':'..". ;/.,'".'.. ..V, 42U1 


■'rS m 


Caleb Russell was born at Bridgeharopton, Suffolk County, State of New 
Tpr^iTune- 4th, 1749. -f ; • &J-- <r) ■■/ ' 

' 'He graduated at Princeton I College in the class of 4770. i?^. es ^ t '-W* 
ltoghuysen'and Matthias "Williamson were graduates the same year. He 
was married the following year, and removed from Long Island to tho State 
of NeW Jersey a few years afterwards. ' He Studied Laww^th Jud^e'Rohert 
Morris of Now Brunswick. His License to practise Is dated at Elizabeth 
Town," 1 ; Sep^ 8th, 1784/ by ^YVilliam Livingston, first Governor after 'the 
Revolution,': .-. f ! • •,..'..- °_j ,■ 

i He was appointed Clerk of the County of Morris Your terms of 5 years 
each. ■•'.«". % .'•"■"•; '";:■;".'".■.'. '. "", ; -J-.: '.. • ; \ ; '*'': »'?-.■ 'i<:f$M 

His tlii Commission, ty ¥a Livingston, is dated 81st Oct,- llfftjf? 
-^*V Sd 7^-Do.;- ;'«• ^nv Patterson, " ' ,'\ 6th N07,, 179& p 
•,,«« ,»8d v> Do. ; -:r ..,.'• ; Richard Howell, '«.' 1 80^*6^! 1797. 
i « ; 4th;v Do. . ; ; ". "Jno. Lambert, Lieut Gov.; 25 th Nov., ifiOSCi > 
He died in Offlco June 8th, 1805, aged 66 years. During his term of, 
Office, he built a fire proof Office lor the preservation of tfie Public RjKQrdV 
at his own expense. ■ 


■His |o^'-Oharie8 i Russell, was appointed by Gpv£ Bloomfield to fill the 
offlj»'«nta"4he ; meeting' of the LegiiUture, ', At ^t.sessioo pr. ■!**}* 
Cpndict and Hopi. Jai Barker being members of the Ai^mblyVivaxirdjYand 
aedoualy jadyocated.the'. reappointment of ?0baries Russell, but jt , was 
unsuccessful John HcCarter was appointed by tho Legislature to 'fill the 

Office^ *-'/^'.-. '.'■-•'.'-' ']''."' ''^■■■"■■'r't/i'-i ' ,•.;-. 

Charles 1 Russell died in Morristown Bee. 17th, 1816, agod 83 year£ ; V £' 
Jared S. Russell. Merch'V was first a 'clerk to Jeue Baldwin, residing in 
Newark, N. J., died to Satanh'ah July 6th, 1808; aged SO yeanSiS^v 


SylTestcrDearing Russell, r the eldest son, studied Law. with Joseph 
Bloomfield, at Burlington, 1 N. J-. Bied ' in Morristown March 10th,; 1827, 
aged 51. years, , , 

Robert Morris Russell, a Merchant, died of Cholera, in the City of New 
York, Sept. 8d, 1882, age^ 46 'years. , ^ „ 

,'Henry P. Russell died in Savannah Oct 16th, ; 822, aged 43 years. 
", 'William I Russell djed in Stratford, Conn'.; Aug."^8d, 1848,' aged 89 years. 

Algernon Sidney Russell, a physician,' died at Arney Town, N. J.; Sept. 


; 8d, 1819, aged 26 years. 

- ■ ,; '' ■■"..■•<":•■■■''• -■■■ ■■'<■•■ '•-. 
; . • ' ; 'X : "^, '■'■■'■ 

. i In' the" month of .March* 1798, the Academy was intentionally set on fire, 
• but was fortunately discovered by the man who went early In the morning 
to build the fires for the schools, before much damage occurred. 

A Reward of $200 was offered for the discovery of the Incendiary; 1 but it 
Was never known who committed the act «' r ;-'" 

From the year 1798 to the year 1820, with the exception of three or fopr 
years, s an Annual Theatrical Exhibition by the Scholars took place in the 
Academy at the fall vacation.' 1 '' The ' small charge of 25 cents made fcr 
admittance; produced an average of nearly $2l0 per u tihxn,' which kept the 
Building always in good repair ;— paid for a pair of Uiobes, Ac^ici, and a 
good Bell, -which was purchased at Jno. Jacob Faesch's Boone ton Iron 
Worksin 1798, where it had been uisid. It was put up the same year. I- 
doubt whether it has ever been lowered frd'm its first poeltion in the Tower 
although it has '''worn out many a rope, and for years 'summoned many 
Scholars reluctantly to ^"thelrduty. ;: : ' -"-•;.. 

The' members of every familj in the town, of suitable age, attended tho 
School while in chsrge of Mr. Russell. The younger members of families, 
after ho left, attonded.tha Academy while under the charge of Mr. Wbelpley. 

Mr. Whelpley.was a good Scholar, a man of talcnt,"and a most rigid dis- 
ciplinarian,— £0 much 60, that a growing dissatisfaction on the .'part of 
Bereral who sent Scholars to the Academy in 1S00 ahd/l 801, induced them 
to organize a new Institutioh; The "HVarren" Academy was accordingly 
erected in tho 'North-east part of the town,' and opened under the charge or 
Mr. James Stevenson. < It was considered a sort of rival Institution. But 
this Building was accidentally burnt March 6th, 1803. It was discovered; 
euYeloped In flames, at midnight, before any ajarm was given, and in a few 
hours was burnt to the grouM. •' " 

. The Proprietors* re-buHt It with Brick on the Morris Green, on a lot 
n^'iiidyhlch'was botfght of ihe Trustees of the Morris Church. , : But 

•.. •. .• ■? ■ . •> ... •( ■ ••.' •■ -■ 

"Mum or rmnatam or tn tjeum. Ocroaai. 18M.-Oal*b toMtn. I Shart* i DaaW Pjw»ix, 
Jmob Arootd. Wm. ttopfttUU Le»i» 0oo41ct, AdmVr of John J. TtMOh. SubI WJ^lay. Wn. 
3<*ux*. Otort* Taekar, David Fonl, KaUtaa Ford. Theedonu TulMU. John Kill*, lots Doofhty, 
B»«fbeo J»ck»on. 8xlT«t« D, XoJ»«U-e*ch 1 Burt-la aU, » Sure*. 

»wvt3^..^,;>-.»-»t.r-r-. : -- — , macm .. , - . --; ——;—_— " ■ .. - . . - . rrrrt 



this Institution existed only a year or two when it was abandoned and the 
- property sold to a private' citizen, who made dwellings and places of busi- 
ness of it Leaving the field alone to the venerable old Academy, which 
has, through various fortunes, and Instructors, sustained itself without any 
material change, from its original appearance, to this day.' '■,-'•: • ; £ ' 
. Mr. Russell was mainly instrumental in obtaining Mr. Whelpley as the 
, Head of the Institution in Aug., 1797, and was always his. firm and -unde- 
•viating friend, under all circumstances, through, life. '.- At the time when he 

* -experienced the greatest opposition," and strong efforts were made to drive 
"him away, Mr. Russell stood resolutely by, and sustained him through all 
his difficulties, and at his decease leaving Mr. Whelpley in the position he 
was instrumental in placing him In eight years previously.' ,-'■•. i 

This he did, not only from his warm personal regard for Mr. Whelpley, 
but because he believed him best calculated to promote the cause of educa- 
tion, and believed the discipline he exercised was the means of giving the ' 
School the reputation it had attained. ■...< ;' . -r . ... ; , , ■■■■■.. ■■*'% k .>/., 

In the year 1805 Mr. Whelpley resigned his charge of the Morra i ■ 
Academy, after its able administration »s principal Instructor eight yean 
Ho then opened a Private Select School in his own houses which he con- \ 
tinned several years. He was well patronized in this enterprise, generally 
by New Yorkers and many Southern gentlemen. He numbered among his 
Scholars the following names:— -.- . . ..- \ : ../...•^u! 

Wm. Bayard, Jr., Herman LeRoy, Jr., William and Henry -Delafleld, 
.William, Robert and Edward BarnwaU, Ogden Hoffman, Charles and Ogden 
Hammond, Llndaly and Martin Hoffman, David 0. Colden, Robert Ray, 
Colden Cooper, Edward Lawrence, John D. Ogden, T. W. Satterthwalie, 
Elias L'Hommedieu, T. L. and other Dgdens from N. York ; William Gib- 
bons and others from 8avannah. Two of his own Sons were also very 
prominent Scholars. Philip Melancthon Whelpley, who became Pastor, kt 

• several years, until his decease, of the'lst Presbyterian Church in the City 
of New York, as successor to Dr. Rogers, Dn McKnight andDoct. Miller. 
His second son, Samuel, had charge of a Church in the northern part of the 
State ofNew, York for some years. ■<:■< . : . 

Mr. Whelpley's talents and character have never, hi my view, been truly 
appreciated}— they were ; ; of a superior order, but. he was in simplicity a 
child. He always needed a friend, and seemed to require" some one to 
assist and rdvUe him how to meet the daily cares and necessities of life. 

My knowledge of him is almost all from my. early. recollections in my 
School-boy days j he was one of my first instructors, and I hive ever felt 
for bis memory the greatest respect. and regard./! saw * great deal of 
him } Mr. Russell was his great friend and adviser, and living very near/the 
Academy was consequently made acquainted byldm with all his wants and 
the difficulties he sometimes had to encounter. He knew his worth a* a 
teacher and instructor, had great respect for his 'talents and attainment^ 
and with, a few^others'never faltered In sustaining him' through mucVopp^ 
' , • ■ ' ! ■••■• • ■: . -..■'■■.• 




sjUon, H my memory Is not in fault, he was a native of Stockbridge or 
Lenox Massachusetts, and I believe graduated at one of the New England 
Coflejces. He studied divinity ^tji. the intention of entering into the minis- • 
try as aBapUsi, butwhen-hexSme tb Morfiatown in. 17 97 to take chargoof 
the Academy behave up that intention. After a few years his views on the 
subject of religion changed, and in a'.- very able discourse delivered in the 
Church at Morriatown in 1802 or 1803, gave his reasons for renouncing tie 
Baptist and embracing the. Presbyterian faith as more consonant with his 
views at that time; He was a man of fine imagination; wrote several 
fugitive pieces, which were considered fine specimens of Poetry, and waaan 
ardent lover of the study of Astronomy. A remark I have heard hhn fre- 
nuentiy make, was, that his head 'was formed for contemplation, and tho«A 
who recollect his high forehead and peculiar and animated expression of 
countenance, will not deny the justness of thC remark. About this same 
period, "he wrote an Historical Compend, comprising, I bebev>two ▼olumea, 
which he intended as a school book, but like many men. offonius and talent 
wanted the tact necessary to bring his works into pracb^l usefubess and 
profit to himself. I do pot ,now recollect the fate of this,^ althoogh at the 
• time it was considered a valuable acquisition for School purposes. . ■ • 
He removed to the City of New York about 1810 or 1811, but I believe 
did not succeed in establishing any School; Soon after that a Theological 
discussion occurred, in which several eminent Presbytery dergymen took 
part, in relation to 8onwl>eculUr pointe. of doctrine, .^^elpley wrote 
what he" called the M Triangle," which was considered an able production, 
and a very effective reply to his opponents views, among whom wcri Dr. 
Mason. Dr. McLeod, and others. . 1. - . . • ' ', ' 

I do not now recollect the entire merits of the wntxoversy, but It mada 
: considerable excitement at the time. . I believe Mr. W, died about the year 

18 Havbg /eft Morristown in the early part of 1807,'and become a dti- 
ten of.New York, my knowledge of the Schools after that period te very 
Imperfect, although I believe there have ^^^Wffi-^g 
bofomalvand female,. which have maintained a high reputation for in- 
' struction, and always well patronized. ■ - ■ 

Morris Cocstt Librarv. . - 
. About the year 1792 an Association was formed ^«^''The Morris 
County Sodety for promoting Agriculture -^*^ *""*££* 
from which originated the "Morris County Ltbrarj." ^The officers on 
the 1st October, 1797, were :-Samuel Tuthill, Esq., President ; Genl John 
Doughty, Vice President ;, Israel Canfield Treasurer ; Joseph j^g* 
'rian ; Dr, Wm. Campfldd, Secy ; Daniel Phoenix Jr., Caleb *J»_gft , 
Silas Condict,Esq., Gabl.H. Ford, Esq., Mr. John Key worth, Tobiaa 
'Boudinot Esq., Committee of Correspondence, . .- 
' For many years this was a popular and much used Institution. , 


, . .. r : 


' The Second Librarian was Dr. William CampfieldV'or Dr. Jabez Cimp.' 

'field. *,Y? :: '"' ' : 

- The last Librarian was Israel Canfleld. _ '.,.'. 

' I never knew the number of. Tolumes In this Library/nor do I know 'what 

the "present condition of it lav' _■;' T 

J 8oon after the "above date the following gentlemen were eleded:-iJohn' 

.Doughty/President; David Ford, Vice President; William Cainpfldd, 

Librarian; Jared S. Bussell, Secretary. "^ _j' : '; v ,--. 

■■■■■' -T" TT,.t •:•-.: ... - y--i£'fr::- 

■ ■ '° -j ' -'., ■ 

JuLT 26th, 1797.— A Fire Association was formed for protection against 
fire in Morriatpwh ; its officers were :— Samuel Tathill, Moderator ; Jossph 
Lewis, Clerk p^Alex'r Carmichael, Caleb Russell, "CoL B. Hathaway,' Moses 
Estey, Genl J. Doughty, Capt..David Ford, Dr. Wnv Campfield, Executm 
'Committee.'. ..," "' : :'/"."'" *' ' '/' '"' :"?i r fl?:' 

■ r At 'the 'same meeting, , all the Streets. and highways through the To*u 
were' giTtn the names they now bear. '?' , " J *'' • ' vit- 

.:„. f I 'Establuhhi.kt or ths Pinrnxo Passs Aim Nswspapss 

_ VH MOEBDTOWK, N. J.'- // .*>?.* ?§^ 

In the year 1797 Caleb Bussell became the owner and proprietor arid 
established a Printing Proas, and employed Elijah Cooper, a practical 
printer, to' attend, to its details. "On the '24th MayV1797, the first number 
of the 5 ""Morris County 'Gazette* "was issued by & Cooper & Co. '.[' . ^ ; 

. -Cooper remained until November of the same Year, when he left, and Mr. - 
Russell continued sole editor of the Paper. In the early part of thereat 
1798, ho invited Jacob Mann,' who had learned the printing business with . 
Shepard KoHock in Elizabeth town, to come to Morris town, and take charge 
oflhe.Paper.whichhedid. .Vine" Morris County Gazette* was continued 
< «nti} ihelBth May, 1798, making CmV Year, when' the name of the Paper 
was changed to' the "Genius of Liberty,* which was edited by Jacob/Mann • 
tontil May 14th; 18Q1, making three Years, when he retired and went to 
Trenton, wbcrehe established the " Trenton True American," in Company 
with Jas. J. Wilson. .i .;. ~ ■ , U 

'These two first Volumes are In my possession, also one from June 4fly 
18p2, to Dec 88th, 1805, by Henry P. Bussell. Caleb Russell then gave to 
his Son, Henry P, Russell, -the entire establishment of the Press and Newt- 
paper, who continued it, for several years' on his own account « ' i'< - ' 

• '•• '- ■ ' .• , .;: , 

/ ■ ' W." ¥.^ A ,^ deduct Association,", tor conveying Water through th*; 




■■; "- \ KAT,;1856. 

$?'.-. ;-_ ■:'•■"- ■■.--■■'. <■ - 

.■ ■ -.,-:o\'' -.•'•-■ 

.. Niwabx, May 15,1856* 

. The Society met to-day at 12 o'clock, in their Hall in ihe Library Bufld- 

' Hon. Jams Pabzsb, Vice President, took the Chair— the President, 
the Hon. Joseph 0, Hornblower, being detained from the meeting by akk- 
ness-the,Hon. William A. Due*i second. V|ce President, being <•!*> 

present ';- : - •:"■-.'-".■ ■ % ; --" ':' - ' '■'■ -■'•' ■ '••-.' ; 7 • ■ •' ' " 

The Minutes of the last meeting were read and approved, and the Cor- 
respondence of the Society | since, the last meeting were laid upon the table, 
comprising communications from. Hon. Charles King, .of New Y<fk, Rev. 
R K. Bodgers, of Bound Brook, Be"v> .Dr. Cogswell, of New Brunswick, 
regretting their inability to attend the meeting ;\from the H^toricai Socie- 
ties of Pennsylvania, Iowa and Connecticut, the Smlthsoniw institution, 
the Regents of the .University ofthe Stato of ^ew.York^ ^transmitting or 
acknowledging donations; from Mr. F, B. Hough, of the Census, Depart- 
ment, New York, Informing the Society of the possession by ,>lm of the 
Journal of David Ford, of Morriatbwn, while on an expedition to Western 
Pennsylvania, in 1794; from Mr. Darius Peck, of Hudson, N. Y H | making 
some enquiry relative to an ancestor, who was an early settier of [Newark 
Or EUzabethtowni which had elicited researches by the Librarian, leading 
to his Identification with' the ReV. Jeremlih Peck,' of Eisabethtown in 
1670, and of Newark previously; and that probably the. first •cbdol in the, 
i.»J.i.^w M t.t,«rhtbThlm.- - 

latter place was taught, by him. ; 

The Librarian reported the addition of 67 bound volumes and 
den IS the Llbrarv. since the January - meeting. } \ •; ■ ■ r *? 


phlets to the Library, since the January -_.-- 

The balance in the Treasury was atated to be $848, of which $160 be- 
longing to the Building Fnhd. : r,a > ; ■■ '; .1- 'V :> ; :: "^;;. 

Mr Girrons from the- Executive: Committee, reported, that at the last 
•tasionof 4be Legislature, thrpogb the .instrnmentalHy M Mr. McDoiut*, 
Senator from Essex Coimty, in Art was passed exempting thS property © r 

•the Society from taxation; which was read, as follows: .-; w v 
A SUPPLEMENT ioVc* Act entitled' "An Act to' incorporate the New 
Jersey Historical Society." -• - 

Bs rr waCTtn oy thi Senate and Otneral Auembly tf tJu StoUtf Jiew 
>^, That no SUle, eeunty,' cityi ward, township, or other public as- 









1 • 



II ■ 

J ' ■■ 


•r ■ 

• 1 ' 



Bcasments, taxes, or charges whatsoever, shall at any time be levied or im- 
posed upotf the said Society, or upon the stocks, estates, lands or tenements, 
which hare become or may become rested in them by virtue of the Act by 
which they were incorporated, so long as said Society Bball appropriate and-' 
use the whole of their income to promote the objects set forth in the said 
Act of incorporation ; provultd alwayi, that the yearly income of the said 
ralof personal estate, or both, do not at any one time exceed the sum of 
five thousand douarsV^U t&Vfi ■-'• .;- ; \ : : .• ■, rpt't-i ) ■>-, »j*ti£c J :i M 
'Passed March 5,1856. 
.'--L-«-'i iti^£isfrO&£&L ij±i~ >&*?? -' iv l 5 • ' .■: !'-.■;- 1 .i-.-.'.V: ';■>.- i'>>- 

<_• • " ■ ■ t ..'-■■ _ - ' -'-" 

";' l>.-PfawraaT05,'from the Committee on Publications, reported that since 
'the last' meeting, considerable progress has been made in preparing for the 

press the Analytical Index to the Colonial Documents,, which is intended to 
-forWfa'en^^vofamebf the Society's •'OoUectiohs.'? ^The labors of the 
> "editor (Mr.^YY^tehead) -had "beeii retarded, 7 not only'by'erigage'mentij of a 
•.pr|raie nature^ but also by ihe difiJMuHies ehcountewd In obtaining the co. 
. operation of public officers' 'and ! - others, so necessary, If the : views <Jf the 

Society are to bo carried out in making the volume a complete index to the 
•'dbj^enVy^^^^'PW.-hlst^.^^. ]■■'■-'■ j?,*^ /v^Jtus'vjv;.:;!-; 
i^Jffif recb^eWdation'of the 'Cjovernpr of the State to toe Legislature on 3 
'^^^l^^f^^^^^^lvti^t^ toiri the last repor^ '.not hivfegn- 

. U?, tt 'J»»d. bad. their attention 'drawn' to it, within i 
n/wJ|HlHftWK' 0, !5 Wn«« too Ute to prevent grot'and lasting injury 
|f ^wpnWlc and, private Interests, from the loss.' mutilation, or destruc- 
tion of records tbatcould not be replaced. ',' So ^m it depended upon the 
editor> own exertions, the Index will probably be completed during the 

• The Records of the Town of Newark-wbich the Society, by resolution,' 
pssaed May 80, 1868, determined to publish so soon as placed in funds for 

-fh^pijrpWe; »jfe subscription ©r/otherwise-^havfag been transcribed at the 
expense of the city, the copy had been placed fa the hands of Mr. Samuel 
H. Oongar, the librarian wlMWih^rough acquaintance with the localities 
If'iSftSS?'? m . ****** •«* SUtev particularly qualifies him foe 

- »*!?m* Preparing the records for the pttss.^.^(^(>ie« »ad explanai v 
v t^ont>rfl| be Appended as might be necessary for their proper ihiddatioK ' 
Another number af the Society's periodical,' bringing the proceedings 

«W8RM£^&$^ ^^ wto were an duly 'elected; and 
i new nomiaationi were received.' ^-v : .' * ! ™ '- n W 3iwl?5 

■ m ■ 



Mr,. W^ltkr.Bcth^ubd ntnarkedjthat l£was very desirable the. rn^rn-, : 
bers of the' Society- should come tbgeme^jmoro';frequenUy.thw' s th'ej.iioV 
do, and that he thought if an informal meeting was held monthly, it weuld' 
tend to generate greater'xeal fa the members fpr^ advancing the pbjectaof 
the' Society^; 'and render 'the wgular"mee r tings mpro interesting and profit- ' 
able. ' HepMposed a resolution/' which after some' discussion by 'different 1 ' 
genUemehi was finallyadopted, as fouowsr'^ - &.M ^*~*- 7**W 
: Bttohti, That the Bxecutive "Committee , be requested, to .cause the LI-. 
brary of.the Society to be thrown open to the memberjjjand. tbeir N iriends' 
en the second Wednesday evening of each month, with a ^e^,to consults-, 
oon and coriversation upon topics connected with ,the operations of the 

8<>de y^/>' : •; 'i.- ■'' g&$i '-;': i-.T ^ ; - -.-''. .iVfJ:.:':-T.'W>;*t'.!'^i--v:-.M-s*' 
It was understood that on these .evenings; the .counties should esch^ln 
tors be made particularly the subject of con vcrsation and coram en t : H u d- 
spn ^County to be taken jup'on _the .designated : meeting in. June^j >v , ^ 

i> v-;-'.:-,- -tit '•jf l sy.-T-"*N- -i : '-^+ t-A- ; ; .^ }i -.: y' •-•iv,^.':' t^c fc'i-r^/-t>rf«5: 
Mr. Dubvxb stated tLi^feom the improvement in the.vslue.of property, 
in the part of. the city.^ where the .lot of ground belongtogVto^e^S^ctety 
was situated, an adyahtageoui exchange might probably be made for p: 
e^elsewbere,' or.thatsoine alteration^. fa_ £e, dijnensions'of Jthe Jot'pSl 
b>,heoessary, (or » sjJe.bec9me..hlgb^y^ .desirable i and fa order ih*t c nct ^ 
peirixh^^'/taVpr?(nP^ , .''ttiie* «rectl<m"- !of .'fliej *Flre* . ^?roof Bctl^iug jsnoujd be! 
lost, he would propose a resolution which was intended, to effect the object 

j , Eetohtd, That a Special Committee be -appointed by the Chair, and 
authorised to make such disposition of the lot of ground belonging to the 
Society on Park Church Place, by sale, exchange, or otherwise, as they 

may think faost advantageous forthe r 8ociefy, and Ukely .to ^ iacQItato ajjdj 
promote the erection of a Suitable building for its occupation ';" It being on^ 
derstcod that no sale Is to be made of the properly unless the amount rtal- 

the I 

i answer 'to an enquiry by 
thitthe'value of the lot was now thought to be fSOOO— it had cost the So- 

cittyiswo; ^' : ■-• •■ •i i r , ^! i ';'. ' ■'. • ' ■'; : '*;k : 'f$* 

■Mr. 'Wim&tkv thought the apppintinent pf the Cota'm'toee very' neces;-; 
sary, : u several projects had been trbached, which were thought to promise 
beneficial results, bat at presont" there was to'ohe' authorized lo take faem' 
■into consideration.' £»?$*; '4^. ' ; '. . / . 
'*The Cluh*' (Mr. Pabxi'sJ did hot regard the 1 appointment of the Com'mit^ 
tee with fcvor,- (earful that any change in the location might lead to the In- . 
cwring of debtor to speculating fccheme^^hlchhelhould deprecate.'' 
;Mr. 'jptarxs>nd ^'TvajrEnr' - 
would ensue, "and aftei 1 some furth 

[fin^did not'eohceive' that any soch resolV- 
ther conversation ; the resolution w»« adopt- 


'•> m 8 



m ■ 



> •' I F 

» 1; 


t ifi 

■is '•> 


II- .- 




ed, and the Chair, appointed ak the Committee, Messra Duryee, Darcy L. 
D. Baldwin, Hayes and. Whitehead. : 


r - : . : 

MjvWhitxhxu> aaid tiiat from a desire to^render the Library of the So- 
ctyyaauaeful aa possible to the member* and other persona engaged in luV 
torical or kindred purauits, it had bW customary to accord pe/nriiaaioo to% 
enter at any .time without the presence of the librarian being always W 
quired, and he aay that auch permission aeemed to hare been, to 
some extent, abased, by whom he did not know, but certain it was there 
were books missing that should be on the" shelves, and ItVaa impoasible to 
aay! In whose, hands they were. In many instances the Society had been' 
made cuatodiana of rateable documents and looks, by persona who neyer 
intended that they should be taken possessionof by individuala/and kept 
an indefinite period fbrptivate use, and such as had'been procured by pur-' 
chase or exchange, had been so procured for the benefits all the members," 
and ahould not, therefore, except for some special purpose, recognised as 
such by the proper officers,' be remored from the common halL ^ i f M 
-He did not wish tole understood as insinuating that the missing vol- 
ernes bad been taken witb.any.tjew of retaining' them' beyond the r&w 

W'» . M $$g$&M P*Pf*«* W Society; ftc., but merely as taking' 
equany ; «nt{fled to the use U them, and who might be put to serious W 

•2Ilf£^SL ,taa Si• dl8C<mtlnQ « 4 ■'■=• *eafred, therelbrey to . 
l^J^ ^ WflWcti0M thriwn ftr<Jond th0 ^^ " *««>' h» force « 

to SSI '^'^WK^e Society, ^^erpen^^U permitted' ? 

Execute Oommlttee^ and bay* the tame receipted for in UiXbrary; 5* 
v^«** Thai it abaabe the duty* the Librarian to reqWe any boeff 
i-SSSLSS-* ^ * rtJd ! M **£*•* * *• returned promptiyat 
S^SSl^^ ! #Aft**W«S ■ W think ftSSSle, 
l^S^*, d *Fft# 6 .^P^*^ ■'• »W> equal to' the >alue of the 
¥*Wft;8!WS .Wowtog U to be remored from the iihrary. 7 , " ■ ,' ! 
it Aton^eau^^ Mesia." Bradley and 

fce^ffi^ J° ?* **?*"■*!>•. *** ft necessity of coSninJ 

• ex5Sl^^^^^^^I^^^ TheCha* 

expressed*, opmton that the resolutions were virtually an olteratkn'ot the 

: ! 



By-Laws, and Bhould therefore lay over until the next meeting; and on 
notion of Rev. Dr. MtreiuY, the resolutions were, referred to the Executive .. 
Committee to report upon at the next meeting. 

Mb. GnxoBn introduced, with some prefatory remarks, copiea of two let-" 
tera to the Legislature of New Jersey, from Governor William Livingston, 
dated January 24th and February 25th, 1777, received from Mr. O.C. Ha- 
vens, of Trenton, which were read by Mr. Hayes. - 

■ _ - - ■■ . -.;-- '.;■ . . - • ._ 

A paper Was then read by Rev. Dr. Muiuut, on "The Old Borough ,of 
.Elizabeth"— for which, on motion of .Judge Ddxb, the. thanks of the Society 
were tendered. ' ' - . - ); ._ \- • • .. -/j 

^ ; Some portiona of. a paper by Mr. t. C. Young, upon different versIona y of 
Metrical Psalms and Psalmody in New England before the Revolution, were 
read by Mr. Hayes. ; % 

^'»Sli ui -• .■'■-'■•' - '>** ■ >• ■■-■•: . " 
Dr.' 8. Congar presented in behalf of Mr. John R, Pierson— lo 

The Commission of Captain Abraham Lyon aa Captain in .'the Jersey Line 
' during the Rerolution. , : -: '- :■• ( . 

A Purse used by bin:, aud some Trimmings of his Unlforuu 
A Flask of Stone In the form, of a Fish, which be bad carried. 
The Pay Roll of biaCompany, from June to August, 177& 
A Letter from bim to bja Wife, written /at Valley Forge, ; May JSSd, 1778— 
■■- and A Sketch of the^lhieof ^"baWeat G^rmantowp- l : '.\ 

-." •:.;•'',.-'.•: ..,,-. > -: ,-■,•(--,. .; •','-- ■ ■■ .. ■ . ' ' ^ ■ • 

Mr.'HATxa drew the attention of the Society to aerer*l entrie* "* the .Ac- 
count Book of the Board of Freeholdera of the County, of Eaaex. ,|n 17*2, 
illustrative of the changes that time has' .wrought in. public opinion and legal 
practices, among others being several charges for wood used In b^rnbg aev- 
eral negroes, under laws then hi force. , ., 


I X)n motion Tjf Mr. Oifford: ' • | 

Booked, That the time and place of holding the September meeting, be 
left to the ^Exe^ilve; Committee to designate. 

The Society then adjourned to give the .members an opportunity to exam- 
ine the library, and subsequently the members dined at the City Hotel 
Speeches being made by Governor Price, Chief Justice Green, Mr. 
Whitehead, Mr. Bradley, Rev. Mr. Sherman,' Judge Haines, Rev. Dr. Mur- 
ray,-Mr.- Jackson, Hon. D. S. Gregory, and . others, during the. eo^Ja' 11 * 
ment -' ' {: "' •■; '' • - 

"■' ■■■-''■'. : ■ • ■ ( 



I - ' 






* i 



, ». 





AnNOCNCD) JaiTOABT 17m, I860. ' 

FromHhe Committee of Indian Affair*— History of the Condition and V 

Prospects of the Indian Tribes. Part V. •* 
From ike State of Next /tfrwy—Acts of the Wth Legislature, ■ Jonrnal of 
j the "Senate, Minutes of Votes 'and Proceedings of the 79th General As- % 
sembly and Appendix to the House Journal, 1855. I 
From the Stat* of New YorTc— Journal of the 'Assembly and Documents, 
Journal of the Senate, and Documents, and laws of the State" of New 
York, passed at the 78th Session of *he Legislature, 1855, Documents" 
relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York, VoL YL ,f. 
.' /Results of a series of Meteorological Observations, aide in obedience' 
to Instructions from the Regents *>f the University, at sundry Academies 
In the SUte of New York, froml826 to 1850, inclusive. '. <^/i > 

■- . : Annual Report of the Trustees of the State Library, and 69th? Annual 
Report of the Regents of. the University of the State of New York. ; ' \ -'. 
From the Department of State^RtgUter of Officers and Agents, Civil, MA- 
itaryand Naval, In the service of the United States on the 80th of Sept 
; 1$W, withthe Names, Pdrce and Condition of all Bhips and Vessels be- 
longing to the United State*; and when, and where built, Ac.' * '■'-'' 
HooioLlstof Private Claims. " Vols. Sand 8. _ 
Senate Reports, 2d Session, 88d Congress. 
' ; p *^?™T t *? ok ?' 9 » 3 » 4 « 6 » 8,7,8,9,10,11,13, 18/ and 14, % 

R^rt of Committees; 2d Session 83d Congress; and Executive Docu^T 

r n 2', *™ r 7 p * rt '» 2 - *• VoIa ir » " m » ™>X*h Vn-Partl,2, v. 
s^voia ,.yni. ix, .x,.xi-Parii. , vols, xiii, xiv. , ; 

^Ex Doc.,Jst session 88d Congress: ; Vol. XV-Part 1 and 2. ' Vol : 
JLVJLU-rPart 1, 2 and 4. , 

rC ^W^T 8 - Docm «e nta °' H. of R. 2d session, 83d Congress. 

From-foAuthort-A Lecture/on Naplesand Pompeii, delivered atBur- 
lington, Dec, 4th, 1865, by James W. Wall, Esq - \ 

Contributions to the Early History of Perth Amboy, and the adjoining 
Country, by W. A Whitehead. _ . - 

^ Washington and his Army, during their march through and return" to 
New Jersey, in Dec., 1770, and Jan., 1777, by C. C. Havens. ! 

From the Eon. Wm. . Wr ig h t— Report pf the Coast Survey—of the Sec of 
Treasury on Finances/ and relative to Commerce and NavlgaBon for the 
/year ending Jdne 80, 1855— and of the Committee on Naval Affairs on 
the memorials of Capt Stewart and other Officers. 
* Messages of the President relative to enlistments by Agents of the Gov. 
of Great Britain, within the U. S.;— and relative propositions to jefer dif- 
erences between G. B. and the U. S. to arbitration/ , I ;_ ' 
From Svrgeori General Lawon— Army Meteorological Register for 12 years 
from 1843 to 1854, Inclusive, compiled. from' observations' made by 1 the 
Officers Of the Medical Department of the Army, at the Military Posta of 
the US. ■>:>■■"■■■:'■•;,<■ :■ ^:; -^ I ' : 
From Eon. Fro. Parry— The New. Jersey Mirror, containing a Narrative 
'•"• by John Shreeve, relative to the War of the Revolution/ written afthe 
'age of 92, . . . g*? ' ." < * 

From the Essex (Mast.) Institute— Catalogue of Its Officers and Members, 
' Constitution and By-Laws. ." » .-'",'* 

Account' of Leslie's Retreat at the North Bridge, Salem, on Sunday, 
Feb. 26, 1775. .Bj .1. ,M- Endicott " .'( 
From Mercantile L& Association of Oineinndti^-blsi Annual Report. S • 
From Sam' I G. Drake, Esq.— The N. E. Hist and Gen. Register; imd 'An- 

tiq. Journal. Vol X— Nos. 1 and 2." * \ - 

From Dr. W. Eitchell— Second Annual Report on the Geological Survey 

of New Jersey. - ,i ' ,■ I ■ 

From the Amer. Phil. Society— Proceedings. - VoL VI— May-December, 

1855. No. 54. • * ; >J : ■; : 3 . S . 

From the Eist. Society of JPennsylvonia — The Right Use of History,' 1 an 
' Anniversary Discourse before the Society, by W. P. Foulke,' Nov. 26 th, 
1855.... ..... '.,.....,.. ' '.*. '■' 

Chambersburg in the Colony and the Revolution. A Sketch! ' By 
Y Lewis H. Garvard. . . 

From Israel BunfU, Esq.— A . Collection of Reports of Benevolent and 

Humane Institutions and Miscellaneous Pamphlets. 62 In number. ' -j 

'? From Archer G\fford, Esq.— -Two Sermons in MS. by Rev. Lewis P. Bayard. 

h From Miss Julia M. Smith — A Calm and Dispissionata' Enquiry into the 

Question of the Chesapeake, and the Necessity and Expediency of War. 

By a Yankee Farmer. 1807. 

A Letter from the Hon. Timothj Pickering, a Senator from Massachu- 
setts, exhibiting to his Constituents a View, of the Imminent Danger of 
an Unnecessary and Ruinous War. 1808. 

The Political Progress of Britain ; or an Impartial History of abuses in 
the Government of the British Empire, in Europe, Asia and America; 
From 1668 to the present time, 1775. By James Thomson Callender. 
| The Political Fugitive; being a brief disquisition into the Modern 
System of British Politics; and the unparalleled rigor of Political, Perse- 
cution, ftc By John Butler. 1794. 


% Letters on {he. Impolicy of a Standing Amy", in time of Peace, and on 
the unconstitutional and illegal Measure of Barracks ; with a Postscript, 
illustrative of the real Constitutional mode of Defence for this Island—con- 
' taiaiug also a short Ee view of the effects which are produced by a Standing 
*•- u Army on Morality, Population and Labour. By Matt Campbell Brown : 
London— 1793, ; ., . 

Advice to the Privileged Orders in the seTeral States of Europe, re- 
* suiting from the necessity and propriety of a General Bevolution in the 
; Principle of Government— Part 1. By Joel Barlow, Esq., 1792. '/' . : .' ■ -. 
Speeches of ,Mr. Giles and Mr. .Bayard, in the House of Bep^Jon "An J 
Act to Bepeat certain Acts respecting the organization of the Courts of 
'.-the U.S.— 1808.-.. ".' $£%* \v'---.--: , ...• ■• * - ~£~$M 

A Dcfonce against Calumny; or Eaman, in the 'shape of Christopher 
--" JElle'ry, Esq.,' hung upon his own Gallows.— -1803. . . v~* 

i An Oration, by Andrew Bitchie^ Jr., Esq.,' pronounced in' the Town of 
J. /Boston, July 4th, 1808.' - '".-.; .V-T: 

- Proceedings of National Convention of Business Men at Phila., Aug. 
' 1st, 1887. ■'" ' '■'■■ : ' : ■'- ■'• '//.;"!.', -f ff£& : ; •■- ' S '■'..** ' §. 
; Remarks of Hon. J. 0. Calhoun in Senate of U.S., Jan. 13, id3'4, on' 
Vibe Bcmoval of the Deposites. ^, .> ■ -.■,".'■ •• ".'''.- : ' £w ; ■'■'-' 




gUwYtfi' (BlttitiV 

• :jr Mar 15th/ 1866. !'C' 


Bev. Burtis 0. Magie, Dover, fw 
Junes Douglas Orton, Jffoarl, • & 

: HONOBABY MEMBER.- ■.-„:-..' 

« 5 k]« 

. ' ••' IS 

-. ■■" 

'• 00 (.LieotMattheir P. Maury, Vifttitrj-Wathinfton Wy. 

; '■' " ' . ' ' ' ■ " • ' ' ''■ .-'-'•'- "" > ■ 

•" : ' ■■•' '■ - : :■>■'•- I -•:.-.•'.■•■ '-_ t>IJ 'UfA" 

V- ■i".-W'; : -( >*?!.'£ ■ ■ ; 'ill J,.iJ:.. r,-i ' . ' ) \ ■ ',; ■„ ■ . , [{$ • 

■ ' "■■■■ ' - 'i ; :i, •:... '■••'■ • '■■: . 

«V^ I • • • V- : "'-'' ' • ' •''. ' '' '" •- " ■ '■ :■■ j'd'r^l •■': 

•;" ; -- '•'■ '' •• •'^••' , -",-- | -' 1 ■ ■ ' ; =rfj '.5 l««Ba«V/?y 

1 .-;;•.;•;*;.•;.'!.:■.-,;' . ;. , { .0775 ,'>::-."; :<;3j vkjojIjoJ <^vi ::■;</ iU" 

^v'Vf ^^i.:.J'f V> ;, : - : i • ..;^;-.^y.f'.; fj ;.v..i:*tV/I fejhSi 1u iroi^ ' 

L"f" ' ' ■■* -' .*itt :*»hu'J Ptkl vU ^:*a&Lri>8rl 




HI ferstg SlistontsI ^widg. 

vol.viu. a 


No; 2. 

', ) ' Jebsbt Cttt, September 2Sth,' 1858. ' 
' -Tma being the. day designated by the Executive Committee for the meet* 
inj cf the Society, in accordance with the resolution adopted at Newark on 

l tie 1 5th May, the members convened at 12. o'clock at the Lyceum Bidding. 

'The Hon. JossphC. HoENDtowKB, President of the Society, took the 
Chair; the Hoi.' Jaxxs PaRiia, one of the Vice Presidents, being also in 


' After the rnmiitefof the last meeting were .read," Mr. WHrrraxan, the 
Corresponding Secretary, laid.before the Society Beveral letters received 
since May,— trom Lietit M P. MaTOT, acknowledging his election as an 
honorary member; ^he America* AimQOaBXUJ Socwrr, acknowledging 
• the receipt of the Society'* publications; the Department of State, trans- 
mitting a donation for;the Library ; : from Mr. 0. Hosmra, of Hartftrd, 
accompan-ring a portion of the Charter Oak for the Society ; from Mar* 
now a HssbTj -in reference to a projected work upon the Indians names 
in New Jersey; from Mr. L. A. BbwiaM,'of Orient, Suffolk county, Long 
Island, respecting tbe present location of tho old windmill, formerly stand* 
ing in Jersey City, whence it was transplanted to Long Island ; and others. 
The Secretary also stated that by a'private. letter received from' Ber/ Jo* 
atm F. Xmxi, of Bockaway, he was bformed that that gentleman had 
secured for the Society some letters from Bobert Erskine, engaged In the 
manufacture of iron in Morris County,' before the EctoIu Hon, written to 
the Company in England by whom he was employed, whkh were raluable 
from the light they throw upon events In that region at that time, Mr. W, 
also referred to, the death; since the last meeting, Of the Ber. Bichard Tfeb- 
tter, of Mauch Chunk, to whom the 8o<Hety was much indobted for' Inter* 
eatmg communkationa' relatingTtotbe history of the State. ; Mr. Webster 


I- I 

i ■• 



III i 













had been engaged for several writing a history of the Presbyte- 
rian Church; and while so engaged had amassed a large amount of mis- 
cellaneous materials, which it was desirable should be obtained, If possible, 
for the archives of the Society. Mr. Whitehead read a private! letter from 
his widow, giving her consent that such a disposition might be made of all 
the Society might desire. ' , , ' ; 

Bev. R. K. BopasBs spoke briefly of the character and services of Mr. 
Webster, and offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 

Etiolved, That the Bev. Dr. Mobrat be authoiized to solicit from the 

Ber. 0. Van Bensselaer, D. D., the literary executor of the late Bey. Bich- 

ord Webster, 'all such manuscripts and papers in his possession, as refer to 

the. yajjfejiaiticai or Civil ) ^Uto^' 6t|elew Jersey, "^to "^ deposited^ in J» 

■ library .bY the Society.' ' " M K -i- 

* ~ The Librarian, Mr. S. H. Cosoxb, reported the donations received sines 
if ay, consisting of twenty-one bound volumes— more than 850 pamphlets and 
periodicals, several maps, manuscripts, ic. Besides a number of old and 
scarce pamphlets and books, received from Mr. Parker, his donation In- 
cluded a large and valuable map of the Russian Empire, from the best 
Russian authorities,' and another of the country between Musconetcong 
Creek and the Delaware River, showing the ; boundaries of all tho .farms, 
and the names of the settlers about the time of the' Bevolutlon. , T. / l .'i l 

Mr. Congar also reported, as Treasurer, that the balance in the Treasu- 
ry was $358 61, of which $150 belonged to the BuildiDg Fund.. . 
' r '.'1' *"■"*, ' '.''. ' V.' 1 - '" '.'-. Y" ■'•'.'•. 'V Yi 

Rev. Dr. Taylor submitted for the examination of .the members, tin 
original Register of the old Dutch Reformed Church in Bergen, containing 
the record Of Baptisms, commencing with 1CG6 ; -of Marriages, commenc- 
ing with .1605; of Burials, commencing with 1666 ; and. of Communicants, 
commencing with .1664, when the congregation consisted of eight men and 
eighteen women— the name of 'Nicholas ■Veriett being at the head of the 
|jat, and the next being TulmanVanYJeck, from whom Bishop Yan'YJeck,' 
of the Moravian .Church, was descended. , ■-,. . _, ■■ ; 

Dr. T. stated as a notable ., circumstance in the history of this churct, 
that /or. the long period of 03 years after its first organization, it was wfth- 
Out a pastor, the liturgy of tho R. D. Church being regularly .read .with « 
ecrmob, end the clergymen of the Dutch Reformed Church in New York, 
visiting it three time3 a year to administer the communion j the Bev. Dr. 
Dubois performing that service for fifty rears in succession. This highly 
interesting volume also contained an account of all the calls made out at 
different times for various clergymen, some of which were yery singular In 
their terms and provisions. ;• Dr. Taylor also stated that from the early 
period covered by the old Register to the present day, the record of bap- 


tijms marriages, ic, is unbroken, It is doubtful if there is another con- 
gregation in the State that can Bay as much. 

Mr. S, AWsek presented to the ! Society J. Wagenaar's History of the 
Netherlands, in 21 vols., octavo," handsomely illustrated ; and Mr; Waitee 
Rcthebtord a cop/ of the Patent to William Sandford and his associates, 
for the lands between tiie rivers Passaic and Hackensack, grim ted July 4th , 
. . .- • i, '. .' 

• Mr. GirroRD,' from the Executive Committee, to whom was referred at 
' the last meeting resolutions intended to regulate the' use of the Library by 
the members, 'submitted a report "recommending that the books, 4c., of the 
Society be used only in its rooms; whkh^'alte'r some' discussion by Messrs. 
Gifford, Whitehead, Parker, Hayes, and others, was finally laid upon the 
table. •■ ■ 

Mr. Hate3 then, submitted the following resolution : 
' Eetolved, That no member of tho Society, or other person be permitted 
ttrtake from the Library any printed book, manuscript, map, or other ar- 
ticle. ' s . f ^: : " . 

' Mr. WHrrEHBAD thought this resolution entirely too restrictive. Many cf 
the most valuable members of the society, r much interested In making re- 
searches for the illustration of our history, residing in different parts of tho 
State, oould BQi satisfactorily examine the authorities they might wish to con- 
sult daring brief visits to the library-rthe room was pot always warm, the li- 
brarian not always in attendance, and many other obstacles were to. the way 
of satisfactory researches; he. .therefore frnoved as an. amendment, to .-bo 

.added to the resolution of Mr. .Hayes : ri 

; -'.— Without the 1 consent o* tho Librarian and the Chairman of the Exe- 
cutive Committee, and having the same receipted for in the Library. .1 .- 
' And as amended the resolution was adopted. I _"' 

. The Committee on Publications reported that the' proceedings of the So- 
' dety had been' published down to 'and Including those of the last meeting, 
and the number of the Periodical, containing them distributed among" tho 
members not In arrears for their annual duos;' 

' The preparation of the 6th volume of u Collections"--*© contain the An- 
alytical Index to our Colonial Documents—was in progress, the Editor, Mr. 
-Whitehead, 'making abstracts from such papers oh this aide of the Atlantic 
as are obtainable, a large number having been thus Indexed ; "and probably 
the work would be bcreased one-third in sbe bythese 'additions. - 

No progrtss'bad been made with ihe publication Of the Newark Records, 

me Society riot having yet been placed In rands for the'purpose. The man- 

! tiscrlpt Is in the possession* of the Librarian, Mr. Oongar,' to whom the 

task of editing the work has been assigned, as announced at the last 

meeting. . ' •' "'"' ' '. : ' ;i ' r > ' ' 

• ■ 




i K ■ - 

. ■::■: am 




- ■ ' ■■■■'. ■: rt.--.-j .-■■''■ 


. » •.,.• - t 

■-■,. -- ': ■ - ] : ' '; :. '■ v. '-:.' ■■ . ■ .■ : fi ?«:•;* . •' . .-.-> .-. . 

The Nominating Committee reported favorably to relation to several gen- 
■ tlemon, whose names were referred to them at the last meeting, and the; 
were unanimously elected members, and new nominations received- '* 

The President appointed Da. L. A. Smith and Mr. James Boss a commit. 
tee to audit the Troasurer'a account prior to the January meeting. 

Bar. Do. Taylor then .read a long and interesting paper upon the cm] 
history of Bergen County, from the first settlement in 1618 to the present 
time, which occupied nearly an hour and a half of the session. -Dr. Tat- 
ior has furnished a most valuable contribution to our local histories in tba 
paper, and the Society J evuved its sense of its merits, by requesting, % 
motion of Mr. Bans, that a copy might be placed at the disposal of the 
Committee on Publications... •;/;- ._, . ,.■•*". . .. , , ; ; 

At 4 o'clock' the Society adjourned to meet at Trenton in January next 

*'. ' ■'-'.'■ 

Letter from Mr. tewlj A. Ed w trrfi. 

.''.-;.. Oaixjrr, Suffolk Co.,Kev Tori, July 4, 1866 

•H6s. J>. Bs Ghxgobt, Jertey City : v T , . ; . f r^' 

'-■ I observe, sir,; in the papers of the day an outline of the proceedingi 
of the' New' Jersey Historical Society,* wherein Mr. Walter Butherfurd, fa 
connection with his map 7 of Hudson County, says: " Near the slte.;'of tbi 
% present New Jersey Railroad depot there was a wind-mil], bunt by Isaac Edp 
in 1815, which many present remember. It was demolished in 188». rt -Tfa) 
mm is. also spoken of by other gentlemen at the meeting, as a resident c( 
r: M Gothani5for mora than s> quarter of a century. I remember the old wind 
mill well ; as a matter of hletory.Khowever, I beg to inform the Historical 
Society of New Jersey that though *" demolished & ft was not nor ' is it 
■ defunct, . ' • >VA'v:>^;<: ■ ..."' . / ..- ,7 ..\ " 

:' It„ was placed on board ©f vessels and conveyed around the eastern ex- 
tremity of the north branch of Long I«Un<j into town harbor, from thena 
.toMillflfll, In tha town.of JSouthold,in Suflblk County, where It was aga& 
placed upon its jrfnt as natural a* lift, where it has since done good serrifcj 
. W« Jive tea migratory age it is true, but a migratory wind-mill even at tS 
^ ; day mayibo considered, a novelty j The old mill U at this day in an excellent 
•tata^f pre8orTatioo,potwUbstanding its forty years wear and tear and 125 
r^es, of .travel, and I Venture tosay» would stand as severe a tilt with Don 
Quixote as any wind-mD| he oyer camein contact jritb.,) ' • ,>;.; 
, Not knpwtog. the. names of the officers of ;tho N, J, ffiatorical'Society, I 

b^v^takeii the Uberty of addrtssmgth^ 
i .quest that if you deem it of sufficient important*; you will band it over to 
;<,the.Socie.ty, ■;.:■..-•• .-■;..; ■■>:-,■„ ... (. , T - ,- .•: . .V 

> Most Bespectfully yours, 

"•■''. LEWIS A. EDWABlfc ?! 

• At a MovwntloMl m/tttag of SNakcs, 

t from. , ' 

i Aototockd Jasttart a7te, 1866. ^ 

V ". ' ; ■■'■■ 7.' ' ". "•'■ 

:. ? ,:.i -r j^i . '. 

trm tto u4vftor-^Explanations And •Sailing Directions to accompany 

.. the Wind and Current Charts, approved by Com. Ohas. Mortis, Chief of 

\fte Bureau of Ordnance, ftc^and published by the authority of .the Sec, 
of the,Navy. . By M. F. Maury, LL. D. - 

Frm Eon, Wm.?Wrig\t-rU^ bf^Oentral America; compiled from mate- 
rials furnished by the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate. . . 

from Q* Connecticut EitU £^^ty~TTansactions of the. Conn. SUte Ag- 
ricultural Society for 1855, with' ^^thewporta. of, the' County Societies for 
^4he same yeax..^.. •-...;..•■■ -. .',;<;■;,;. .;■,. • 
I The Fortieth Annual Beport of the.pirecwrs o? -the American. Asylum 
at Hartford for the education of the Deaf and Dumb. ^. 

. /.The Thirty-Second Annual Beport of, the oflloera of theBetreat for the 
Insane at Hartford. \- ' ;,.'.— ,^'. ,- v ..„ ■■,.•'',.--. ^, .,••' 

From the EUtorical Bociety of ' Penntyhanut- -History of the . Ordinance - 
of 1787. By Edward' Coles, formerly Governor of the State of Tlb'nols. , 
Bead before the Society June i 9, 1856. , 

Trm 8amtQ/J>rciJe«, .Ety'.-^Tbe~ New 'England Hist and Genealogical ' 

' Begiater and An^quarian Journal. No. 8. Vol X. \ £ . - *' 

frm tU American Thibtophtcal &<^fy^Proc««d^gs of the Society. J" 
Jan.— June, 1854 '." No.BS. .'.• '.^ ' ' . ( ' : 

Frm the U. 8. department of Slaf^-Narrative of the Expedition of 
an American Squadron to the China l 8eas and, Japan, performed In; the 
years 1852, 1858, and 1854, undef.the tommand of Com. M. 0. Perry, 
tU b'n ■■..•■ 

From the tXercofiiOe library Auociation, Few Forl-Tblrty-fifth Annual 
Beport of theBoard of Dfection. " : ' **P -> - 

From Jem Baldwin— Certificate of membership, in St .Tammany Society, 
dated at '«» the Jersey Oam^'.May 1, 1709. '^Signed, WilUam De^Hart, 
Pres., Eben Elmer, Sec 

rrn- -* '^i vr:} V. An Address deUvered at the dedication of the School - 
House In Broad street, m.Salem, Mass., March 18, 185'6;'on<he wxiaslon 
of uniting 'the Bowditch and Saltonstall Schoohv- ;By Henry K Oliver. - 
With addresses from other gentlemen. 







1 r' 


i 'i. 

1 '' 








-A Chronology of Paper and Paper making. PrintecL 

for presentation only, 
From W. JRutherfurd, E*q.— Charter of, and Acts relating: to Jersey 

*City, and the ordinances thereof, Ac ; Published 1844. 
From Wtf^JL Whitehead— k collection of periodicals and pamphlets— 88 

in number. %'ivf , ■'. * . ..,,■-' 

From Eon, Jama i > ar^r—-lioll's Geography, folio. 
' Perry's Yiew of the Levant, folio. — 
The English Pflol Part L, folio. 1750. 
A general description of all trades, in Alphabetical order. London, 

1747.,;- 4 '; '' , ' k '.-.•../' \ , • -• 
Every Man his own Lawyer, or a Summary of the Laws of England. ■ 

Seventh Edition. 1768. ■ .■:■'•'- 

British Curiosities' In Art and Nature, Ancientand Modern. London, ! * 

.The Age of Error, or a Poetical Essay on the Course of Human Action* 
. By * Philadelphia^ 1797. ,vVA i '; •' ' ,- ■ 

A Collection of Pamphlets and Periodical*, 808 in number, including 
the i Port iTollo for 1808, and several others rare and valuable.' ; 12 man-' 
— uscripts. ;■-.:.■■•■•' ; -«' ; -■■■ -'■"''■■• - '■■■'■ • '■.*•■ 

A large Map of the Russian Empire', from Russian authorities. 1869/ 
Map of the Country south^f Musconetcong Creek, on the Delaware, 
as jt was before the Revolution, showing the different farms^ the position 
of the houses, and the" names of the settlers. : ■}, " \" /. 

From Eon J. W.Stuart, Conn.— A block from the Charter Oak' at Hart- 
■ ford,' recently fallen! 1 ',' ', •/,''" '■' .. ,'■' 

From fhi Mechanic*' %turanc4\Co,, Newark, N. J.—k file of the New.. 

York Commercial Advertiser, from Dec. 1825 to 1858, Inclusive. < 
From fhe State of New York— George W. Clinton's Address at the closing 
exercises of tho Normal Schoolof the State, July 10, 1850. 

Communication 'from the Governor, transmitting A. Vat'tc mare's Be- 
'port on the Universal Exhibition aVParia " v .. 3c 

; Ninth Annual Report of the Reg. of the University, on the condition 
of the State Cabinet of Natural History and the Historical and Antiqua- 
rian Collection. . 

Documents relative to the Colonial History of the State of New Tort * 
YoiVtL' ' . v '*>: •.•' ; •; p 

FromArchibald CUolleton, E$q. t of Bound Brook— One volume Net*, 

jflVl^ws of New Jersey. . 
FromJBeviR O. ftyhr, J). 2>.«-Lithograph of Bergen Church: 




Since the Annual Meeting in January, there have been received : 

Bound volumes.*. ..;... • • • • 

Periodicals and pamphlets.. ........ 

Kips. ....•••• 


.. 87 
... 8 

Newspapers. ............. V .80 volumes, or years. 

Bound volumes since May.meeting. •_ ^ 

Pamphlets and periodicals,'....! . ......*.•.•••••'•..... 

Maps. ,....••••••«••••••••••♦•• ,•••* 

. 2 

\ tesarofr gtpwrt 

Balance in the Treasury : . ..,. . . 

Of which belongs; jo General Fund.' 
Oi which Wongs to Building Fund 


,......$858 61 . 

208 61 

, ... . . . 150 00 . 

m »ij'i» 

Sbptxuber 16th, 1856. ji ■ 


MelancthonF. Carman/ Newark. Elibu Day, Newark. . 

John King Duer, U. 8. N.; iforrutoien. Edward G, Faitoute, Ne**™- 

Richard W. Howell, Camden. Daniel Holsman, Pateaic 

John O. Mofflt, D. D., Princeton. Walter Tompkins, ™<"*- • ' 

Bit. 8. 8. Shedden, D. D. Eahway. John F. Ward, M. D., Newark. 

Samue;G.'D^ak'a,^ft. Samuel B. Rugglea, JT*w Ycri. 

- ' - ■- 




-41 > l» 

'i^S&V^S? d,reCti ° n ° f th8 Societ ^ M P Tenin the resolution 
adopted September 18U,, 1849, (See Proceed^ Vol. ir, p. 103) the'. 

SSEiSSftSSS* f 0m w tt? * *° «» M ?P* ce '»»J offer, intend*. 
?J2?i S "P"^^" wch portions of the Manuscripts S>f;fli^t1 
Sjcth, in the possession of the Society, as may throw additional light upon 

HWory of New Jersey for the Press, or been overlooked or underrated by 
Psora, when culkng from ihem the materials he so bountifully used in the 

JEt V £ ^ ° f S8»fo** Wo portions weaken by 
bim, verbatim from these manuscripts, and in muifplaces are Seon the 
correotion, and alterations made by 5th him and BiSKSiSSsS 

of the phraseology used in the original Materials., ^ 

" I ^ I ? MT L !£ M ' ^J" 588 ^ b7 the ^onds in West Jersey, assembled ia= 
i early Meeting In London.* -;-. 

"Dhax Famm, ^ D Ba CT Haw.-Whom God hath^noured with his 
.heavenly Presence and Crowned with Life .nd i Dominion iS? of « 

ilil^T *, y^T* (,Dd fa 0Qr «"^P»rtakers wi "yo^In &Z 
aolemn Annual Assemblies, in the Remembrance of which StSSS 

$£S!8S£& ft K d ^ ^ orethe ^ ** ^nt wpwi 

edgemehU to him to whom it belongs for ever *wt>™ 

"And dear friends, being fully satisfied of your Lore, care, and real for the 

• TbU If onlrrtfmtd to by Prodd. VoL L p. 1». 


lord ; wThis Truth, and your Travail and desire for the promotion of; it j 
hath given us encouragement to address ourselves to you, and request your 
. assistance in these flowing particulars, being sensible of the. need of it, 
and behering that it will conduce to the Honour of God, ,' and benefit of- 
his People, for the Lord baring by an OTerruling Provid ence cast our Lots 
in this remote part of the "World, our care and. desire is, that he may be 
honoured in us and through us, and his Dear truth which we profess may 
be had in good repute and esteem by those that are yet strangers to it 

"Dear Friends, our first request to you Is, that in your several Counties 
and Meetings out of which any may transport, themselves into this place, 
that yon' will be pleased to take care that we hare Certificates Concerning 
them, for here are several honest, Innocent People that brought no Certifi- 
cates with them from the Respective Monthly Meetings, not foreseeing the 
service of them and so never desired any, which for the future of such de- 
fect do Intrcat you, that are sensible of the need of Certificates, to put them 
in mind of them, for in some Cases where Certificates are. Required, and 
lhat have none, it occasions a great and tedious delay before they can be 
had from England, besides the hazard of Letters miscarrying which is very - 
uneasy to the parties immediately concerned, and no ways grateful to us ; 
yetin some cases, necessity urgeth it, or we must act very unsafely and par* 
tfculariy in Cases of Marriage in which we are often Concerned, so if the 
parties that come are single and marriageable at their coming away, we dc- ; 
sire to be Certified of their Clearness or unclearness from other parties and 
what else you think meet for us to know, and if they have parents, whe th- , 
er they will commit them to the care of friends In general in the matter, or 
appoint any particular .whom they can trust, and if any do incline to come ■ 
that profess" truth and yet walk disorderly and BO become dishonorable to 
Truth and the Profession they have made of it, we do .desire to be Certified 
of them and it by some other band (as there is frequent opportunities from 
London of doing it) for we are sensible that. there are several that left no 
good savour in their native Land, from whence they came, and it may be 
probable that more of that kind may come, thinking to be .absconded In ' 
this obscure place | but blessed bo the Lord, be hath a People .here whom 
he hath provoked to a zealous affection for the Glory of his name, ' and are 
desirous that the hidden things of Esau may be brought to Light, and in it be 
Condemned, for which cause we thus Request your assistance as an advan- 
tage and Furtherance to the work, for though some hare ,not thought it 
necessary either to bring Certificates themselves or require any concerning 
others; we. are not or the mind, and do leave it to the wise \a heart to 
Judge whence it doth proceed, for though wo desire this as an additional 
help to us, yet, not as some have surmised, that we wholly build upon it, 
without exercising our own Immediate sense, as God shall guide us, some 
we know that have been otherwise deserving, but have unadvisedly denied 
this Impartial Right, of a Certificate, and very hardly could obtain it mere- 
ly through the dislike of aome to their undertakings in their coming hither," 

mmammt mwm mm 

i V 


r — ' ■.. . 

■which wo believe to he an injury, and though we would not that any should 
reject any sound advice or counsel in the matter, yet, , we do believe that 
all tho Faithful ought to be left to God's Discretion in the patter, most Per*.' 
talnly knowing by the surest e rid e nee, that God hath a hand in the remo v- . 
al of some info thl3 place, which we desire that all that are inclined to come ' 
hither who know God, may he careful to know before they attempt it, lest j 
their trials become unsupportable to them, bat if this they know they need 
sot fear for the Lord is known by sea and Land, the shield and strength of 
them that fear him. ".-'-■.. ■ .,,!•.. 

"And Dear Mends, one thing more, we think needful to intimate to yon to 
warn and advise all that Come Professing truth, that they be careful ._ Cir- 
cumspect in their passage, for it Is well known to some of you, that such as 
are employed in sea affairs are Commonly men of the Vilest sort and many ' 
of them use great diligence' to betray the simple ones^ which if they can do, 
they Triumph in it and spread it from Nation to Nation To ' defame Truth: 
therefore Jet all be warned of It, especially young Womenp*that they ; ,be-, 
bafe themselves modestly and chastely, that they may not be corrupted in- r 
mind and so drawn to gratify the wanton Luxurious Inclination of any,' for ' 
many Temptations may be mot with, some times through short or straight 
allowance for the enlargement of which, some hath Complied with that 
which hath dishonored God, and grieved his People, and though we know 
that true Friends are more Enabled than to submit to any unrighteousness 
to gratify so'mean an End, yet all the professors of Truth are not of that 
growth, and for thetr sokes it is intended, that all be preserved and grow 
In Truth's dominion.' ' ' ', .' ' .V 

' ''So, Dear friends, this, with what further you may apprehend maytend 
to truth's promotion In this place, we desire your assistance' .which will be 
?ery kind, and gladly Received by us who are desirous of an Amicable 
Correspondency with you, and do Claim, a part with you in that holy Body 
and Eternal Union which the bond of Life is the strength of, in which God 
preserve you and us who are your Friends and Brethren. 

Thomas Budd, 
William Peached 
Wih\" Brightwen, 
Tho. Gardiner, 
Rob! SUcy, 
Jnr Hoillngshead, 
Robf Powell, 
Jn" Burton, 
Sam; Jennings, 

Jn* Woolaton, 
Daniel Leeds^ .• 
John Butcher, 
Henry Grubb, -''.-,.' 
W.* Butcher, \ , 

Seth Smith, ,.',."_ 
Water Pumphrey, 
. The, Ellis, 
James Satterthwate. 
"Several Friends not being present at the said Meeting; have since as a 
Testimony of the Unity with the thing, subscribed their names. 
:. Tho. Lambert, ,' Rich;* Arnold, : 

v Jn* Klnsey, | Jn* "Woolman, 





Sam* Cleft,. ' JnJ Stacy, ;,. . 

' <-Wil- Cooper, V . Abra..Hulihgs, ' 

Jn,-Shinn, ; Peter Fretwell, 

WuT-Ss; Tho. fives, 1 ' , 

Thp- Harding, Jn Payne, 

Wul-Hulings, . ... ;;,,;• , , . , . > Jnf Cripps, ... 1 . . 
'" From ".'our Hon'fi Monthly Meeting in Burlington, in West Jersey, y*. 7th 

of y* 12th Mo.,' 1080." , ,- _. . 

.'-''■;• ' 5 '.'■ - ■•■: '•,/•• ">"■■"' .- 

■ ' y ..'■-'.:■ '.'. foiia) ":■■:■. ■ ■ ■ • 

No portion of the following Letter from Mahlon SUcy is inserted in either 
Smith's History, or Proud'.s. --■'. 

•' ■ . Miidon 8Ucy to George Hutchinson. ' 

. The. 12th of the 6th Month, 1680. 
l< Dbarlt bklovsd Friend akd Brother.— In the blessed truth of Jerus, 
do I dearly salute thee, thy dear wife and all tender friends, ^irith I whom 1 1 
have been conversant, and amongst whom my spirit hath been refreshed » 
my dear love in the Lord salutes them all, desiring as one travelling for the 
good and prosperity of all that love the Lord Jesus, thAt g™* mercy and . 
peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus ..Christ may be.multiplied 
amongst ^^^B/iM^-f^^'m^^^^^^l i lurnlshod, want : , ; 
ing nothing, being made able to s'tan^' m. the slormy^ay^hlc^ to hastening ; 
on to try the foundations of all professions^ in which it shall be said, Tfo to 
the Wiciea\it ehaUgo.ill with (hem 'ih'thatdoy iehtnthey'tyiy^comefr 
recent the reward of p*ir doingt, But to the . Righteous it may. I* well 
said, It ihall go veil vslthyou, even all of you that hateleren the ruime of 
Ve*u»,for the reward of my hve'itgiven you ;WM the ', lord, and great, 
thall le your peace and portion forever, Amen. ... ...,;.,, . iri 

•'Dear Friend— Thine or the 23d, 11th Ma, 1679, 1 have received with 
great gladness and acceptation as a token of ; thy endeared Love and care. 
with thy tender desires for us, and grave Counsel to us, all which I dearly 
accept of, knowing It was the Sowings forth of a soul filled with Love to , 
the heritage of God in these parti, for the Watering of whom God has filled 
the hearts of 'his servants with his pure Love, precious Life and streams of 
living refreshment for the Comforting 'of Jacob, in bis travels and tryals and 
for the gladningof Israel'ln {he. day or exercise, so although we are separated 
as to the outward (a little scattering as I may . say) , yet, the God or Lift 
abounds with his love to his little flock dally extending his peace as aRirer 
to his remnant arui is determined of, a Uniatt *umler to male a great ,anf i 
Strohg'nation. , And this I plainly saw before I left my nahve ^"jjg 
and the Lord la Mightily bringing H to pass in his removing the heaven 
that know him not and making room for abetter people that fears his name 
Tis hardly credible to believe how the Indians wasted In Two years time, ard 





especially the last summer, and how the English are increased, both in Cattle 
and in Corn, in a little time. Things go exceeding well withFriends since 
they were settled and oar Meetings are duly kept The L*^i our God is 
with us and the shoot of a King la amongst us, -Glory, Glory ' to tho Lord, 
cur Godformtr. I perceiTe you have strong Reports concerning us and 
our Countrej, yet our condition Is far Otherwise than is represented unto 
you, for our Land yields its strength to us in a plentifull manner and we en- 
joy fulness of Good things, the greatest want is that of our Friends, yet the 
Lord is adding to pur number greatly and in a thort timo this place will be 
populated. Friends are generally heathful and well, mine and my wife's 
dear and tender Lore salutes thee and thine with all the faithful in the Lord 
and that the fountain of the lore of God may be your dally refreshment 
and consolation praycth thy endeared and Loving assured friend. 


[An abstract from the following letter is given by Smith, p. 115, but he 
changed the phraseology considerably in the portion he inserted. It is 
here given as it appears in the manuscript .<. '. 


"Danld Willi to William Biddle, London. 

-!■■: . 

"Dear Friend: I receWed yours by Henry Salter, but it came too late 
to my hand, so that I could not write anything in answer until this time; 
I understand thou would at know something from me concerning New Jer-' 
sey, which indeed I had given thee a large account of without thy desiring, 
only Joseph Hehnsley satisfied me that he had done it 

"Let every man write according to. his Judgment, and this is mine con- 
cerning '(hit Countrey. I do really believe it to be as good a Countrey as 
any Man need to dwell in, and it is much better than I expected every way, 
for Land I will assure thee here is as good by the Judgment of Men as any 
in England, and for my part I like the .Countrey so well, and it is so pleas- 
ant to me; that if I had a good Estate in Land in England, I should not 
come to live upon Itj for through industry here will be all things produced 
that are- necessary for a Family, as is in England, and far more easy. . I am 
satisfied vrhen I am 'Walking alone, and the Lord Is with me, and the sense 
of his good dealings Is brought before me, I cannot but admire him for his 
Mercies, and often in secret bless bis Name that ever he turn'd my face 
hltherward, and give me. Confidence in himself, and boldness by faith to 
oppose all gainsayers, though never so strong, although then I could not 
say I badaXMjor Command to leave the land of my NaUvity. ' Yet now" 
of a truth 1 canTsay the Lord removed mo. therefrom, and in what I did I 
had peace in him ; and to all my exercises by Sea and Land I never felt the 
least matter In me as to desire I had not pbmc'forward, but rather rejoiced 
in the Lord In the midst of all. Though jpy removal was not ordinary 

V _ 




because of the Largeness of my .family, yet blessed be' the name of the -. 
Lord, all is well to our content. So if thou beedest every one's sayings, 
though wilt have work enough. . I heeded none but the Lord. My reso- 
lutions was, and my sayings to several opposers, that I would come, if God 
hindered me'not, no man should. ' I have writ about the 2Cth of the 6th 
Month toJohn Mulliner and Edward Cooper largely concerning the.Coun- 
trey. Thou mayest write to them to have a copy of it, if it comes to hand 
before this, which I something Question. And now my dear friends and 
- Antient .Acquaintance "William and Sarah Biddle, my Love you may feel 
beyond expression. " "And if you have clearness to come to New Jersey, 
let nothing hinder you; but. if you have a .stop upon your spirits, let not 
anything farther you untill the Lord clears your way. In this my Writing 
I do assure you I deny myself, for if I might I should write to forward 
you, but I dare, not, though you may understand by my letters how it U 
with me and mine, and many Others. I know if a man cannot live here, 
I do believe he Can hardly live in any place in the World. ! This being the 
place set before me of the Lord, .and he gives length.of days, I will see 
'what he will afford me in it The last ship that came to New York brought 
several passengers, some of which came to see 'this Countrey, and liked it 
. well So dear friends you may stand against all opposers concerning the > 
Land, for it is Good. ','"."' 


Burlington, 8th of 11th mo., 1679-80." 

, < . . 

" Of such friends whe came from Europe on truth's account to ▼kit their 
Brethren in North America were 1678 and 1681, John' Haydock, Sol- 
omon Eacle's, John Stubbs, Benjamin Brown, and John Hayton from 
England, and Jacob , Fillnor, from Holland, who all passed through these 
Provinces, and their Services were well accepted, and I think It must be 
somewhere about this time, that George Koffe came upon a religious visi- 
io Friends in North America, and died on the "Continent Barbara Bevan, 
of Trevrigg, in Wales, an honest virtuous young woman, also very early 
visited in the Works of the Ministry, the meetings of Friends in West and 
East Jersey." • " 

■■■...■ ' . 

"A considerable number of Friends In and about Dublin in Ireland, being 
inclined this year [1681 J* to transport themselves Into the Province of West 
New Jersey, wherein several of them had purchased an Interest they for 
that propose sent to London and chartered a Pink, whereof Thomas Lurt- 
ing, noted for his his remarkable deliverance .from the Turks, was Master, 
who accordingly came, but being taken sick at Dublin, could not proceed. 

• Tl» Ionnd»Uon of Not* In Prood, YoL L p. IK. 





Bis mate, John Daggerdish, took his place, and sailing the latter part of the 
' * Seventh Month, they arrived in about Eight weeks at Elsinburg, hear 

Salem," where settied John and Andre^ Thompson, and Robert' Lane, former 
acquaintance of settlers .there, who*had Industriously provided a supply of 
. .— Provisions sufficient to handsomely ' 5 accomodate them. Several of them 
) " accordingly remained with them that printer. There was then a cpnsider- 
" f able' number ■ of Friends, at Salem, and. a Meeting House built, and there 
\ being several Houses empty, whose Owners bad removed further into the 
Countrey, they that had families had the benefit of them. In some time 
several of them went to Burlington, where they got orders for the taking 
■\ up their Land," which was restricted to the third, or as it is since from them 
called the, Irish Tenth, and having made search flied at Newtown Creek. 
They surrey ed their Land in common together in one Tract, and in the 
following Spring having laid out , some Lots in ' the nature of a small Town 
A -. upon the old Newtown Creek, and built some ace omod a tio as, they settled 
1 there, not without! some doubts and fears about the Indians, which proved 
groundless.' In'tho same spring they settled a meeting, which was kept 
at the house of Mark Newby, there being .then no persons seated fiear- 
j gave William Cooper and hto family, but; in' a little Time after, ' several 
other persons fixed contiguous, wtbein;" The Jealousy and fear touching 
the Indians being removed by a more familiar acquaintance with them, jand 
finding it rather inconvenient to be seated so near together, dividing their 
Land, they removed to their several properties, and notwithstanding - tho 
Land had been purchased by the Commissioners of the Indians, they gave 
them a Compensation .to remove .off... The Indians were friendly and kind 
to them in many respecls, often supplying them with both Venison and 
.. jCoru, before, they cocld help themselves by any returns from their Labour, 
.«o that what, with, their help, and the supply ; they had from Salem, they 
: were sustained without much suffering. Some of them had been tenderly 
bronght up, and not used to hardship or Countrey business, yet had their 
health and Btrength, and wore well contented beyond expectation. In two 
• -years afterwardi they built a Meeting House at' New Town, but before that 

many friends being settled, some by the River Side, some on the Other 
'■id« Cooper's Creek; and some at Woodberry Creek, these joined, and with 
. . _ the permission of .BuxUngton friends set up a monthly meeting for the good 
Government of their Religious affairs, and some time after Salem and they, 
encrcasing 1 a number, Joined and made up one Quarterly meeting." 

. . - ► 


"In the latter end of this year, [1681] George Fox visited the new Settlers 
in these Provinces, with a half ehcot of advice respecting their Treatmtot 
of tho Indians, and other Important matters, which was as followethi* 

• Mm! to bj Proud, To', U Wilt. Note, 






"An Epistle to all Planters and such who are .Transporting themselves 
in foreign Plantations in' America, Ac. 

My friends t^taw gone' and are going to make outward plantations in 
■America,' keep '-your ( wn PjanUtions in your hearts' iplth the Spirit and 
power of God, tiiat your own -Yines *i*d LiUies be not hurt, and in all places 
yherejyou'do'oul^^ and their 

■ Kings, and have 'ineeti^gs with jhjm, or ,they, with you,''sp',that you may 
■ make in^rd .^Plantatioq^'witii' ! the, Light and. poweV of ,G^-ti^ Gospel 
. arid the grace and' jtruth, and spirit of Christ, land with It you may answer 
. the Light, Truth and spirit of God In the Indians, their Kings and people, 
and so by' it you may, make; heavenly -Plantations" in their 'hearts for the 
^Lprd, and so beget them to^Godithat they may. serve andjvorsbip him, and 
spread his truth' abroad ;' and so that you'may all be l^ept warm ini jQod's 
Love, power, and. Zeaje, for ,the_Gj6ry of his' great name, ihatliuriatM may 
.Jb« great among tte&eatbsn pr,&mtiU£ iniyq may ,see over .'or, be over- 
Beers' with Ijhe^HpIy'Ghosti ^ 

'man and waman, So with this Holy Ghost you may seo and .oversee that 
r fhe' unclean' (jjhost.sod bis works'jmay be kept, ,6ut of jtbe.'Camp of : God, 
so that Ms Camp.may 'bebPtyV* 11 * all the holy may Come Into "It ',_'< And he 
who is holy may walk in the midst of you his Camp," and be glorified in 
and among you .'all who is over "all," and worthy of all Glory) \frbm Ever- 
lasting to Everlastmgi blessed and praised forever more. ", X •■■•--;<-•.<■■ 
.- , ,.-,..«. -.,..-.. i,-..r.i',v..^r^. ..,...,, s ...... . q j«q X » 


'London, 21d 9th Month, 1681.' 

. ; 

"From the rising of iho sun even to the going do wn of the same, my name 
shall be great among the Gentiles, and in every place Incense shall be of- 
fered unto myjname, and a pure offering, for my nam o shall be great among 
the heathen saith the Lord of Hosts. — Mai »'. 11. 

■ "The Lord reigneth, let the Earth rejoice. Let the multitudes ofthe Isles 
be glad, let everything that hath breath praise the Lord, for the Lord takoth 
pleasure in his People. He will beautifie the meek with Salvation. — Ptal 
97 and 98, and Psal 149 and 150." 

The following is part of the information respecting John Scarlorovg\ 
contained in the manuscript, which was omitted by Proud, from his note, 
VoLI., p.228: ' . ' 

"The Natives were remarkably kind to them, in supplying them with 
Such provisions as they could spare, and were otherwise serviceable b di- 
verse respects; having made some improvements on his Plantation, and got 
things ready for his Voyage, leaving his son under the care of a Friend, he 
sot sail for England. But finding his Wife, who was of another persuasion, 



sot willing to Ten tare with him, and persecution beginning to cease, he did 
not return again. . Bat after some time, by Letters giving his possessions to 
-biff son, with a particular charge to fear God, and mind the Truth he was 
convinced ofj told him withal that he believed it to be the Lord's doings to 
dispose' of him in that manner, and that he would bless him, and make him 
serviceable, if he continued faithful to him; concluding with this particular 
Charge, that when it should bo Well with' him, to be shore to be kind to 
the poor Indians, who had been kind to them when they were in great 
need. His son remaining with the friend where he was left, afterwards set* v 
tied at Mid die town, [Penna.] on the place given him by his Father, and in time j 
bad something to say in Public Meetings. In the year 1700, he removed 
further up Into the Wilderness, as about Buckingham and Solebury was 
then accounted. He first went up alone to view the Land,' and receiving 
confirmation, as he thought, that it was his place to remove, and that there 
would be religious people raised to inhabit thereaway, he accordingly took 
his family up thither. Soon afterwards several families of friends followed. 
Tbeyheld a meeting at one another's Houses for some time, till their num- 
bers encreaslng, they bunt a Meeting House. v The Land being' laid out into 
Townships, the place where he dwelt fell into Solebury ; but ihe Meeting 
House in' Buckingham, by which name it since goes, and is now become a 
large congregation. This John Scarborough was kind to the Indians, '^nd 
used to say they were a sensible people, had an' honest principle, and from his 
acquaintance had perceived they acknowledged an Almighty supreme being, 
whom they called a good Manetta or Spirit, that would reward ihem if. 
they did well, and that they should then live with him after death, and. on 
the other hand that there was another Manetta, or evil spirit, that was be- 
neath, to whom they must go after death, if their deeds were evil" 

- • . i _ , 

■ . : '- ! >?■' ■'■■ ■'" ■' • 

■ ; ■■■•'■. 

..';.' :• 

,■■.•',•,- : j . ■ . •' 


^ ■ ■' ■ . ■ ■'■' - 


*— timiwiiWMiIWi t'rex«^^sa& 


Trektoh, January 15&, 1857. 
The Society met in conformity with the By-Laws. The members con- 
▼eaed in JTemperance Hall, at 11 o'clock, and in the absence of the 
President and Vice Presidents, the Hon. Wolluc P. Robesok was called 
'■ to the Chair. 

After the reading of the minutes of the last meeting, the Corresponding 
Secretary 'laid before the Society letters from |Professor Johk 0. Moftat^ 
Rev. 8. S. Sheddan and D. Holsvan, Esq., acknowledging their election 
as resident members, and from Samuel O. Drake, Esq., of Boston, 
acknowledging his election as an honorary member of the Society j-^from 
the Historical Societies of Connecticut and Penrjrylvania, acknowledging 
the receipt of donations; — from the Departmen* of State of the United 
States;— the Secretary of State of Rhode Island; — Mrs. H. L. Pannelie, of 
Sing Sing, and Mr. Israel Russell, of New York, transmitting books and ,. 
manuscripts for the Library;— and from k). B. Richardson, of Boston, 
relative to the proposed publication of a "Historical Magazine." The 
communication of Mrs. Pannelie placed at tho disposal of the Society a 
collection of valuable letters written i>y Peter Wilson, at ono time re- . 
nowned in New Jersey history as a successful teacher of youth, and a 
prominent member of the Legislature, which had been in tho possession 
of her father, the late Dr. Theodore Romoyn Beck, of Albany. 

The Librarian presented his report of tho additions to tho Library sinco 
ttio last meeting. During tho year 111 volumes on various subjects, 461 
pamphlets and periodicals, 80 volumes of newspapers, and several maps 
and manuscripts of value to tho antiquarian and historian, have been added 
to the collections of the Society, besides several miscellaneous articles of 
interest' Tho Library now contains 2,000 volumes and 2,880 pamphlets, 
many of them bound in volumes. The Librarian acknowledged with 
thanks the receipt,' during the year, of the weekly issues of tho Patcrson 
Intelligencer, Jersey City Sentinel, New Brunswick Fredonlan, Princeton 
Press, Hunterdon County Democrat, Somerset Messenger and New Jersey 
8tate Gazette, but regretted that more of the conductors of tho press in tho 
State did not contribute their papers to tho Library. 

Tho Treasurer's report exhibited $150 in the Treasury sppropriatcd to 
the Fire Proof Building Fund , and $13,68 for general purposes. 





• Archer Gutokd, Esq., presented the Annual Report of 4he Executive 
Committee, aa follows.— ■ ' ., 

•* The revolution of years is the capital from which Historical Societies are-w 
.' ^able to draw materials for their most valued operations, becoming moreA 
valuable as time advances. One more of these revolutions brings us to the J 
Twelfth Anniversary of the New Jersey Historical Society.' There was but 
small encouragement for the people of our State to enter the list of these 
Institutions, which profess to chronicle such events as helped to form the 
character of our early States or lay the foundation for that of those which 
have been more recently admitted into the Union. If History is but the 
embodiment of tho lives and actions of men who have figured in the past, 
surely tho minutest event connected with tho stirrjng periods of our coun- 
' try's history may not be unworthy of notice. We celebrate with enthusiasm 

-v rl tho day which gave birth to our free institutions, and perpetuate the names ' 
c*o of those who flourished in our revolution and subsequent wars, by books, 

~*~ statuary and pictures, which, however frequently re-edited or renewed, 

come with a certain freshness to our perusal and observation, to grace our 

libraries and galleries, and to adorn the walls of our capitols. But it is not 

to gratify either a morbid or healthful curiosity that such collections are 

valued. .Political events an better understood and explained by develop- 

- . roents of character or documents which have emanated from men of genius 

and enterprise. The titles to property, — tho change in the jurisprudence of 

any country, which depend on and grow out of incidents that have taken place 

in the early settlement and subsequent progress of business, are often sought 

for, and the loss of them much to be lamented by thoso who are engaged in 

the prosecution of the study of these important and necessary branches of 

knowledge and science. These are, in substance, the materials from which 

the true history of every Stato are to be educed, and without which there 

. could be no- true history of it How often do we hear the remark, When 

shall we have a correct and perfect history of New Jersey ? He who for 

. "\ twelve yeara past has watched the progress of this Institution, may answer 

' the question by pointing to our records and collections, and may truly say 

no correct or perfect history of our State can be presented without resort- 

J Ing to our Archives. r -J 

"."It is not in the nature of such a body to attract the attention and co- 
operation of our citixens, though well disposed to favor its object Its 
benefits lie too far away in the domain of Time, and there is an apparent 
dryness and w;antof some appropriate object in the gathering of musty 
records and decyphoring their contents ; but whlchv»re to have their use, 

* • for according to the saying of Benjamin Eranklin, V Evefy thing stored up 
will come In play once in seven years.". ..Indeed we have found ^the adage 
to havo its application much within the timo fixed by this sage's remark ; 
yet some in tho community must submit to the labor and employ much of 
their time to obtain these results, and if others are to succeed them, it will ' 
; not be without a consciousness in eyerj man's breast, who may bo so dis- 



posed, that he lives not for himself alone, buf as a Bocial being, to contribute 
somewhat of his timejand substance to the good of all in his own day and 

for posterity. ' ; , 

V It is well to bear >n mind the resources in which our treasures may be 
said to consist There are now on hand according to the report of, the 
Librarian, 2,090 volumes of books, and 2,886 pamphlets, besides many rare 

• and interesting MSS.', together with many .loose magazines and papers. 
The great quantity of, valuable newspapers in a state of excellent preserva- 
tion, alone constitute, 'as it were, a diary of events from an early period to 

• the present time,— a source of knowledge which is continually resorted to. 

"His statement points to the propriety of repeating the appeal to the 
• Society's members, and to the public at large, for the building which has 
been proposed to be erected on the lot already purchased, the funds for 
which is only now $150. The use of this bunding must be obvious— the 
■ impracticability of erecting it without more exertion to obtain funds still 
greater. Some plan 'for the increase of this fund is commended to the 
attention ofthe Society at this meeting. j 

•'The state of our Treasury is by no means encouraging— $12,68 is the 
entire' sum "its contents, applicable to general purposes, and after pay- 
ment of certain bills for printing are paid, now due and unsettled, this 
small balance will be' exhausted. ■ - , 

" Resources of money, so well termed in other emergencies " the sinews 
of war," may no less be deemed the motive power and means of perfecting 
any work of mind or body for availment by society at large ;— evidently bo 
with respect to our work. The printing Of our quarterly proceedings— of 
books and documents— the binding of newspapers and pamphlets— and 
above Till, the building, which will be a safe depository for our records and 
coUectiuos-these objects require money. We do not require large 
bequests' or munificent donations, if the regular annual dues were punc- 
tually paid. By economical management these difficulties would be 

obviated. • , _ ( ," , t %-, 

"A statement of the Treasurer shows that of 825 members 52 arc for life, - 
and contribute nothing, and 154.bavo neglected or declined payment of 
dues for five years past These deducted, there are only UM 
members left, and the amount of annual dues remaining unpaid ta nearly 
$2,000. 'These are facts, and facts constitute reasons for serious dehbera- 

. ' tion. > . . 

- "The subject of the early statutes of Now Jersey and journals of tho 

' Provincial and later assemblies have not been deemed unworthy of tho 
attention of the Society in years past No complete set of the .Utate. at 
large can be found in our State or elsewhere on this ride of ^e Atlantic 
Pearliest bound volumes in our State Library are defective, and if these 
should be destroyed or lost, would occasion great embarrassment Alius 

we present to tho world tho anomaly of a State without tho possesion of a 



perfect record of their statutes. The journals are also' very defective, and 
although the suhject has been heretofore submitted to our Legislature, 
without any action on their part, it is a subject, nevertheless, that should 
•not be intermitted, and worthy of the particular attention of the Society at 
this sitting pf the Legislature." 

Mr. Whitehead, from the Committee on Purchases, submitted a manu- 
script work on the •' Indian names of Rivers, Creeks, Ac., in New Jersey," 
by Matthew S. Henry, which had been purchased for the Society since the 
last meeting, and with it a letter from the author, as follows: — ' *■ 

p. Philadelphia, November 11 th t 185G. 

W. A. Whitehead, Esq.— 

Dear Sia — In regard to Indian names in New Jersey, I. find the same 
difficulty in adopting the proper name as I had in Pennsylvania. Every 
author that I have examined puts his own construction upon the meaning of 
the Indian word, and in nine cases out of ten entirely incorrect Smith 
mentions some translations entirely erroneous, and I think that he invented 
the" Indian name for Cross wick's Creek, which 1 ho says is Crossweksung; 
likewise Chinques for Rancocus or Ankocus, &c, Ac. I can readily excuse 
all these authors, as they had not the opportunity of making proper ex- 
aminations, Mickle's History of Gloucester mentions some names from 
Campanius and Lindstrom, yet ho misplaces them, and in fact it is appa- 
rent to me, that no one, unless ho knows the meaning of the word quoted, 
can possibly arrive at any certainty where tho name belongs ; but hero is 
another great difficulty to bo overcome — the Indian names as they are 
written have generally no meaning ; both Campanius and Lindstrom intro- 
duced tho letters R, F. and V,, which are not in the Delaware alphabet ; 
this makes it troublesome to ascertain what is meant The Indians had no 
names for the rivers and creeks previous to tho arrival of the Europeans ; 
these, upon their arrival, as they were or had been accustomed in Europe 
to have a name for every stream, would, as a matter of course, enquire of 
the Indians what their name of such and such a river or creek was; in 
reply they mentioned something that suited their manner of thinking or 
acting, or in accordance with their habits, and with the assistance of their 
recollection of an event or , ovents having taken place at any spot near or at 
the stream, the name of which they were asked to state ; in such case they 
said ''here are Dcor ;" this stream thereupon derived tho name of Deer 
Creek ; here are fish, or here wo catch fish, this would be Fishing Creek, 
and so forth. Yet there- ,aro also other names accidentally given: Egg 
Harbor rivers are of these. It would have been an easy matter for me to 
put down the Indian name for an egg or eggs, but, unless I had some proof 
from history, I deferred it ; at last I discovered its origin. It appears that 
Hudson in coasting along this Atlantic shore, was atsevoral places supplied 
with fowls and eggs, more particularly the latter, which, says Juet, tho 
natives called "Willocks." This at once shewed to me theorigin of the name. 

'« K K j^^^ ^^--r^, . iiiiniiiiwriniiiiuiiiitoiBi^ .M w^.ai.wii 




Campanius says «' Wooe" for an egg, and Zeisberger says Wahh, and in 
S plural "Wahhvale" for eggs; and here, (making the usual allowance of 
spelling an unwritten language,) it must be *fi**ff&^*fc 
hated accidentally. Mullico may have been Intended for it; but this isr . 
n ot so nearly similar as Wahhvale. Juet was a Dutchman and heard the 
name with a Dutch ear. Campanius was a Swede, and heard the word 
Wooe for egg, and Zeisberger, a German, he heard .tWahh. The laUer 
iWed amongst these Indians for 43 years, and was a genUeman of good 
edacation, and had published a Delaware Indian and English book, 
Staining upwards of 200 pages of Indian words, with the meaning in 
English attached. This work is the test of the name* I examined. Heck- 
•erwelder likewise published some histories of the Indians; but even he 
refers to Zeisberger as his authority in many cases, and besides this,^s 
works are based upon fanciful representations, not always reliable I found 
toio Wthe case in Pennsylvania, where he adopts many translations £ 
Iriuois words, a language entirely dissimilar to the Delaware, and of which 
SnotJnderstand^a word, yet he underktoo to palm upon the public 
Si as Delaware, by making some alterations^ and inventing ^ 
- SingTin fact, his credit is not good as a f..thful expounder-it is 

SetS noLaro sometimes given .n 'thesingular and Retimes in 
thb plural: the verbs also in different tenses. This occasions an additional 
3eTn' finding the meaning, as many Jords -ry very much, as you 

moro closely to ^^^^ e "^nted with the topography 
The fact is this, hat if I was not so weU ^acq 

and geography o New Jersey, and M nQ * 8 ^ fv J e . but tlUr 
it would be an impossibihty !^gf2S2S certainly is not attributa- 
• having all this, if my notes are not %ffi£5kZ merit 
ble to endeavors to present your Sodet, with 

• • ' . ? " MATTHEW S. HENRY, 

had been oflered. 


■ " ■ wmw p i f 



The work was very neatly engrossed, having maps of the different coun- 
ties, with the names inserted in their proper places.* 

Mr. DuRTEg made a verbal report relative to the Fire Proof Building 
project, to the Effect that no additions to the fund for its erection had been 
received. Mr.',FiELD and Mr. H a vens expressed their convictions that no 
assistance need be expected; from gentlemen in the southern part < of the 
State, and some suggestions were presented by the hitter relative to the 
' - transfer of -the Library at Trenton. President Maclean deemed it unwise 
to agitate the subject, and he had no doubt that in time a suitable edifice 
would be erected upon the site the Society now owned in Newark. 

Mr. Gifford, from the Committee on Biographies, -made a statement as 

" to the progress he had made in preparing a sketch of Dr. Peter Wilson. 

Its completion required other necessary materials, which he had not been 

; ablo to procure. He was requested to submit to the Society a paper 

> embodying the facts he had collected. , ' . , 

Mr. Havens, in referent to the value of Monumental Inscriptions, which 

Committees of the Society had been appointed to secure, with but partial 

success, made some interesting statements- relative to the death of Colonel 

Rawle, after the battle of Trenton, and the difficulty met with in identifying 

' the place of his burial. ■ 

'■-.'''" . " ' "* 

1 The Nominating Committee reported favorably upon the ^nomination of ■ 
several gentlemen for membership, who wore thereupon elected. 

The Chair appointed the Standing Committees for 1857, as follows ':— 

On Publication— Rev. Dr. Murray, R. S. Field, W. A. Whitehead, Dr. 
S.H. Pennington, and Henry W. Green; .' 

On Purchase*— W. A. Whitehead, Dr. Isaac S. Mulford, S. Alofsen, 
Samuel H. Congar, and Rev. Dr. Davidson. ; 

On Statistics— Dr. Lewis Condict, J. P. Bradley, John Rodgers, Dr. 
Stephen Congar, Dr. L. A. Smith. / - - 

On Nomination»-D*y\& A Hayes, Peter S. Duryee, President Maclean. 

Committee on Fire Proof Building— Hon. D. S. Gregory, P. S. Duryee, 
Wm. Nelson Wood, Wm. P. Robeson, Richard S. Field, Rev. H. B. Sher- 
man, Hon. Stacy G. Potts. 

Meisrs. Field, Moffat,' Havens and KirkpatricV were appointed a Com- 
mittee to nominate officers for the ensuing year, and the' Society ' then ' 
adjourned for dinner. 

8 o'clock P. M.— Tho.Committeo appointed to nomlnate^officers,- recom- 
mended the following, and they were duly elected :— 
President— Joseph 0. Hornblower, LL. D. * \ 
Tux Prcsidents-J\uia Parker; Stact G. Potts, Wic A. Ddkr, -LL. D. 





Corresponding Secretary-^ J^^- A. Whitehead, Newark. 
Recording Secretary— David A, Hates. , 

librarian and Treasurer-^ xuvti. H. Conoab, Newark. ., 
L E ZutiveCo mm itte+-A*cB** GirroRD, Newark; Rev. Nicholas Uv* 

U r D. D., Elizabethan; Woliaic L. Dayton, Trenton; Dudley 8. 

Soobt, Jersey City; Henrt W. Green, Trenton; Wh. P. Robesoh, 

Sere; Richard S. Fi*u>, Princeton-, Rev. A. B. Patkrso*. D. D., 

Salem; Rev. R. K. Rodgers, Boundbrook. 
•Mr Whitehead, in view of the state of the Society's funds, as set forth 

-in the report ' of the Executive Committee, oficred the followmg rcsoluUon, 

^T^af^VecuUve Committee be requested to adopt such 
jneasa. es as they may deem advisable, to secure the more prompt payment 
of the annual dues of the members. 

, Mr. Havens exhibited a photographic copy -of an old print , "presenting 

"the Triumphal .Arch erected at Trenton in 1789, under which Gen Wash- 

• n ton pa^ed ,n his way to New York-a copy he intended 

- hold be placed in the Society's Library. He made some remarks as to 

K doubt? that had been entertained relative to what was known u J * 

Zttta of the Assanpink, and^tated that hi^ researches bad convinced h.m 

. S a battle was fought, and>at the evidence left no room for longer 

' ^D^C^aVan, of Princeton, then read a biographic! sketch of 
Judge Cdoper, of Cooper*™, N. Y., who, as well as b,s son James Fen- 
nimoro Cooper, the distinguished novelist, was born in how £«* .The 
Rev. Dr. was personally acquainted with Judge Cooper, and the interesting 
sketch of bis life was well received. 

upon » Tho Aim of BMory," for which, oo mohon of Dr. L. A. 5«i™, too 

' ZS&SZXg: ?T& o».n M^» ^ itf* .in - 

in Newark. ] v 








AiraotwcED Jasuart IStti, 1857. = ' 

From the Smithsonian, Jn^&u^wn-^Smithsonian Contributions to Know- 
ledge. Vol VIII. 

• From ihe Department 0/ State, U. S. A.— Observations on Zodiacal Light, 
from April 2, 1853, to April 22, 1855, etc, by Rev. George Jones, A. M., 
Chaplain U. S. N ; being VoL 8 of the "Japan Expedition. 

From the State of Rhode Island — Records of the Colony of Rhode Island 
and Providence Plantation in New England. Printed by order of the 
Legislature: J. R. Bartlett, Secretary of State; Editor. -Vol 1. 1630 to 
1663. . ._'_.- 

From the New Hampshire Historical Society — Collections of tho N. H. His- 
torical Society. Vol.8. I, II, III, IV, and VI. 

From the State of New Jersey — Journal of the XIIthSenate : r jd Minutes 
of Votes and Proceedings of Eightieth General Assembly of the State, 
with Appendix to the Houso Journal ' '. •• 

From the American Antiquarian Society — Proceedings of tho A. A. J3, in 
"Boston and Worcester In 1856. k r 

From Philadelphia Library Company — Catalogue of Books belonging to 
tho Library Company of Philadelphia, containing titles added from 1835 
to 1856, with an Alphabetical Index to tho whole. 

From Hon. Win. Wright — Tenth Annual Report of tho Board of Regents 
of the Smithsoni *n Institution. Maps and Views to accompany Message. 
1855, 1856, and Patent OJBco Report on Arts and Manufactures, for 1855, 

From the Author — An Historical Discourse in Commemoration of tho 200th 
Anniversary of tho Settlement of Norwalk, Con. in 1851. The History 

. of Education in Now Hampshire — A Discourso before tho New Hampshire 
Historical Society, June 12th, 1833. Two Sermons in Commemoration of 
f tho Organizing of "the First Church in Concord, eta, in 1730; and the 
Hist "ry of Concord, from its first Grant in 1725, to tho Organization of 
tho City Government in 1853, with a History of tho Ancient Pcnacooks, 
<tc., by Nathaniel Bouton, D. D., Pastor of tho First Congregational 
Church, Concord, N. n.' • . 

From S. 0. Drake, Esq.— The New England Historical General Register, 
No. 4, Vol. X., and No. 1, Vol. 1, new scries. «Tho New England Cou- 
rant, No, 80, from Monday, February 4th to Monday February lltb, i 
1723, a fac aimilo of tho. first Paper ever issued by Franklin, and printed 
Sopt 1856, on a press onco used by him. Now Hampshire. Gazette, No. 
. 1, Thursday October 7th, 1756, Stereotyped by H. 8. Houghton & Co., 
Cambridge, 1856, with a collection of valuable pamphlets. 



From Rev. C. Davis Bradlee-Korih Cambridge, Mass. The Boston Com- 
' mittee in Canada, a series of Re-printed Letters. Boston. City Document ,. 
No. 46 ; and Hon. E. Washburn's Address before the Boston Young Men s ■ 
Christian Association, Nov. 26, 1855. „'„.,.' 

From Ira Dodd, Esq.— Plea for the Old Foundation ; a Sermon Historical 
and Doctrinal By Bev. J. M. Sherwood, Pastor of the Presbyterian 

' Church, Bloomfield, N. J.,' with an Appendix by Rev. Stephen Dodd. 
Delivered at the Re-dedication, Dec 18, 1853. »■•/* ■ «• 

From Henry B. Dawson— Reminiscences of the City of Now York and lis 

vicinity. \ Reprinted 1855. £ J 

.from Isrdel Russell, ^.-Journal of the Board of Education of the City 

of New York for 1834 and 1855. Documents of the Board for 1853, 54, 

'55- and the Board's Annual Report for 1855, 7 Vols. Also, Charter of 

the Society of the New York Hospital and the Laws relating thereto, with 

• tho By-Laws and Regulations of the Institution, and those of the Bloom- 

" ingdalV Asylum for the Insane, 1856; with 18 valuable Public Docu- 

ments and Reports of Benevolent Institutions. - .' * * 

From J. Lanodon SiJfcy-Catologue of Harvard University for the year 

From Union College-CMo^t of Union College, M Jera, 1856. 

From S. S. Morris, Esq.-A Copper Coinof N J.of 1787. • 

From Daniel Squier-A Map of the town'of Newark, N. J., Published in 

1806 * t By Charles Basham. 
From A. B. Norton— X Cherokee PamphleL 






Newark, May 21, 1857..' 
Tn« SoCiett met at their room in Market street at 13 o'clock, the President, 
" Hon. Joseph C. Horsbloweb, being in the Chair, assisted by'Hon. Wk. A. 
Dcer, one of the Vice Presidents. After the Minutes of the last meeting 
were read and approved, - 

Mr. Whitehead, the Corresponding Secretary, submitted letters from 
Mr. Win. T. Rodgers, Rev. T. D. Van Cleef, Usher Parsons, M. D., and 
Hon. J..V. Lv Pruyn, acknowledging their election as members ; from Hon. 
J. R. Bartleti, Secretary of State of Rhode Island, accompanying a donation 
for the Library ; from Mr. John 0. Raura, in relation to a history of Tren- 
ton about to be published by him; from Mr. J. M. Singfricd, ,of EastoD, 
Pa., proffering an exchange of Autographs ; from Mr. A. B. Thompson, 
relative to the Tammany Society of New Jersey, and from Mr. M. S, Henry, 
of Philadelphia, relating to a proposed work upon Delaware Indian names, 
and soliciting the co-operation of the Society in its publication. 

Mr. "Whitehead also referred to some privato correspondence he bad had 
with Mr. E. B. O'Callaohan, Editor of the New York Colonial Documents, 
in relation to a note in the seventh volume (p. 837) in which Governor 
Franklin, of New Jersey, is styled Sir William Franklin, Knight, upon the 
.authority of "Tho Court and City .Register," for the years 1764 and 1765, 
in which his name has these appendages, whereas In "MellaVs Universal 
Register of Court and. City Officers, Ac," for tho year previous, he is sim- 
ply styled " W. Franklin, Governor and Captain General." " Thus," said 
Mr. O'G, "finding him plain « W.' in the list of 1763, and ' Sir W.' ' KnV 
in the Register for 1764, I inferred that he was knighted in 17C8." Mr. 
Whitehead thought the Registers were wrong, inasmuch as Governor 
Frnnklin left England in January 1763, so that it was barely possible he 
could have been dubbed a KnighMn that year. .None of the biographers 
of his father, nbt^ven his own son, Wm. Temple Franklin, mentioned the 
circumstance," which they all would probably havo done had it occurred. 
A large number of letters written to him and Jy him, and proclamations 
issued in his name, had passed through his hands, nono of which had con- 
tained any Intimation of tho asserted Knighthood, and the inscription on 
his wife's monument in St Paul's Church, New York, written by himself^ 
designated him only as "William Franklin, Esq,, Governor." Theso rea- 
sons Mr. W. thought sufficient for discrediting the statement ' . ' .; 




Mr. W. also drew attention to the " Historical Magazine," published in 
Boston by Mr. C. B. Richardson, several numbers of which were on the 
table, as well deserving the patronage of all interested* in historical pursuits, 
being intended as a depository of the proceedings of the various Societies in 
the Union, and of matters of general interest illustrating bur common 
history. , . 

Mr. Henry's letters, asking for, aid from the Society in probating re- 
searches into tho Delaware Indian names, elicited a discussion in relation to 
•the finances, in which Rev. Dr. Murray, Mr. Lucius D. Baldwin and other 
gentlemen participated. Mr. Whitehead enquired of the Treasurer if any- 
thing had been dono by the Executive Committee under the resolution 
adopted at the January meeting, recommending the adoption of such meas- 
ures as might bo necessary to secure the prompt payment of dues from the 
members; to. which that officeryMr. Congar, replied in the negative ; and 
it was made apparent to all that, without greater punctuality on the part of 
members, the usefulness of tho Society would be materially interfered with. 
Dr. Murrat offered a resolution appropriating thirty dollars towards Mr. 
Henry's object, which was laid on the table temporarily. ' 

Mr. CbxoAR, the Librarian, reported the donations received since the 
January meeting, comprising 29 bound volumes and 65 pamphlets.; He 
also, as Treaau/er, reported $202.55 in the Treasury, $153 of which 
belonged to the Fire Proof Building Fund. • . * . • 

Dr. Murrat,' from the Committee on Publications, reported that tho, fifth 
volume of the " Collections" of the Society, tho publication of which has 
been so' long delayed by various causes, will soon be ready for the press, 
and prove, it is thought, a welcome and valuablo addition to the historical 
literature of tho State and country; for although- only an Index to the 
Colonial Documents of New Jersey, it will bo found to furnish a large 
•mount of information to which access has not before been had, and mate- 
rially assist tho historical student in his researches. It was to be regretted 
that the editor's exertions to secure the co-operation of the legislature in 
procuring reports from the various public officers and depositories, .as to ~% 
the condition and extent of the records, have failed,' and that the volumo 
must be published, in consequence, less full and complete than it otherwise 
• would have been. The public interest in having the county and other 
records properly kept, preserved and arranged, did riot appear to our legis- 
lators to bo sufficiently great to warrant tho appointment of commissioners 
to make the required examinations, although it would have entailed littloor . 
no expense upon the State. While the labor and time required would be 
too great for ono person to undertake these examinations, the : Service could 
be easily rendered by two or three in each coonty, and it was' to. be hoped 
Sed! 80m ° Ufe Per|<>d th ° import * nce of the me uun would be recog- 



The legislature during the session of 1852 having authorized a subscrip- 
tion on the part of the State, for such a number of copies as would amount 
at the subscription price of the book to $500 — it now devolved upon the- 
Society to authorize the committee, so soon as the work .was completed, to 
' take the necessary steps to forward its publication. The committee there- ' 
fore offered the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted : - 

Besohed, That so soon as a sufficient number of subscribers to the Fifth 
Volume of the Society's Collection may be obtained to warrant the expense, - 
(he Committee on Publications be authorized to proceed with the publica- 
tion thereof. 

Mr. Whitshhad, in reference to the failure of the application to the leg'*- . 
••lalu-e noticed in the report, made a statement of the circumstances, and' 
remarked that the only expressed objection to the measure — the apprebefl- . 
sion, entirely unfounded, tl a* it would be attended with conBidcrablo ex-' 
pense — might have been obviated by positive enactment, had any dispell- • 
tion been felt to comply with the wishes of the society. -The following is' 
the resolution which was introduced into the Assembly by Mr. McDonald, 
and after passing the House unanimously, only received three tote* in the 
Senate:". ' • . •--•.', ':• • 


*•• Whereas, the people of the State are deeply^ interested in the proper 
preservation and arrangement of the public records, and whereas the man- 
ner of keeping and preserving said records' is not now uniform and system- 
atic in the different counties, leading to inconvenience and detriment to the 
public interests ; therefore, .-.-..• . 

" Be it resolved ly the Senate and General Assembly of the State of Few 
Jeruy, That in each of the counties of thl3 Stato a board of commissioners 
be organized under the authority of the Governor, to consist of the clerk of 
the county,' the prosecutor of the pleas, and two. competent citizens to'be. 
selected by the Governor, for the purpose of inquiring into the extent and 
condition of the records of each county, and of the measures taken for their 
preservation, and that each board of commissioners report to the Secretary 
of State, on or before the.first day of December next, the result of their 
examinations, particularly as to the number of volumes of each kind of 
records or documents, whether wills, deeds, judgments, registers of mar- 
riages, proceedings of courts, &,c, with the dates covered by each, tho 
, number of volumes or documents referring to particular townships, churches, 
congregations, or'precincts, with their dates, and what documents, such as- 
sessments, maps,, valuations, and other statistics, throwing ligbtjupon tho 
.condition and progress of the county, or any portion of it, at any period, of 
which they may obtain information ; and that the Secretary of SUte, on the 
receipt of said reports from the different counties, cause a report to the legis- 
lature to be prepared and printed, giving the results of eaid examinations, 
with such suggestions and recommendations as may lead most effectually to 
the introduction of a uniform system for tin t reservation of the public, 
recorJs of tho State." 


■i M i ^ w n 






"Dr. Murray also reported, from the committee appointed for that pur- 
pose, that he had applied to the literary executor pf the Rev. Richard 
\ Webster, for such of his papers as referred to New Jersey, in conformity 

with the wishes of hia widow, and had heen informed th&t in due time a 
selection would be made and forwarded to the Society. 

. Some gentlemen were elected members upon a favorable report from .the 
Nominating Committee, and the nomination of several new members was 
received and referred to that committee. ' ' 

Rev. Mr. Rqdoers submitted the following proposed amendment to the 1st 
By-Law, to be entered on the minutes, to be acted on at the next meeting : 

" Meetings of tho, Society shall be held on the third Thursday of May in 

Newark, and on such days in September and January, and at such places, 

as the Society may from time to time designate." 

• ■ ••■ An irregular discussion followed the introduction of this proposed amend- 

i ment, in which the mover, Judge Duer, Dr. Murray, Dr.Smith, and others, 

took part t . . -.'"••"-. J '-. 

Mr. S. S. Morris called for tho reading of the resolution adopted May 
s 16th, 1856, authorizing the ^committee in charge of the Fire-proof Building 
$ Fund to sell or exchange the lot now held by the Society ; with a view* to 
add to the power of the-committee, so that they could consent to arrange- 
ments for the construction of a building for the joint occupancy of the 
Society and tho Park street Church congregation. 

Mr. Lucius D. Baldwin thought the project a feasible one, and likely to 
result in the construction of tho desired edifice. .. • 

Mr. Duryee, although disliking the object of a joint tenantcy, was desir- 
ous of having tho matter duly considered, and after the resolution was 
amen ded, at the Bnggcfetion of Mr. Wbitedead, by associating the Execu-. 

ve wub>the Special Committee, it was adopted as follows : 

Retohtd, That the powers of the Special Committee appointed May 15. 
1886, bo so extended as to authorize them, in connection with tho Executive 
Committee, to negotiate with the Trustees of the Park Presbyterian Con- 
gregation for the sale of a part of the lot on Park Church Place, or for the 
joint construction of a building suitable, for the purposes of this Society, and 
for a lecture room for tho said congregation— clothing them and tho said 
. Executive) Committee with full and ample power for such purposes. 

Mr. WnitEnEAD offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 
Itesohed,, That the Executive Committee bo requested to apply, in behalf 
of the Society, to the descendants of the different Governors, and other dis- 
tinguished citizens of New Jersey, for" "portraits or other memorials of them, "* 
to bo deposited in tho library; 

Mr. James Taylor, of Somervillo, presented, in 'behalf of Mr. John Le 
Grange, of Vestal, Broomo county, New Yoik— : now about 87 years old — a 



Drinted list (contemporaneous with the event) of tbo.namos of the Provin- 
Skilled andwoundedby the first fire of the Enghsh In April 1775 : 

"1"W of the Manifesto and Proclamation circulated by the English Com- 
naissioners in 1778, being the very copy which wasfound po*Mp onthe 
parket house in Elizabethtown, and .taken down by # Mr. LeGrango s father- 

Ker. Mr. Rodcebs presented acopy of the Guardian, | or New Brunswick 
Advertiser, ferDecdSr^^^ - 

under which the property of the Brick Church, New York, was. held. - 

- An old book containing a few records ^»S*?^^J "J"*' ' 
and Meteorological and other memoranda, by John Ogden, from, 1787 to 
1790, was received from Mr. WicxLirrE E. Baldwik. • 

' Dr. MtJRBAY announced the publication or a History of St J° hn \Ch ur ch, 
ElSbethtown, by the Rector, S. A. Clark; and that the Rev. Mr ghedden, 
.of Rahway, was preparing a history of the church of he is pastor. 

After a hrief recess to allow the members to examine the books', etc, in 

^r Whitehead read a brief Paper on the Facts connected witk the ap- 
pom ment of Nathaniel Jonesin 1759 to be thief Justice of New Jersey, and 
S Twunter claim of Robert Hunter Morris to hold the office during good 
oeharior ncidenU which Mr. W. thought had no little>fluence In Indue, 
bg the mi istry to require judges In the colonies to hold office only during 
the royal pleasure-one of the prominent complaints brought ogamst the 
Crown In the Declaration of Independence. t . V _ ! ■ 

the various movements were delineated. 

adopted. , . . 

1 Dr. MDB.AT'. ^solution, .Btod In lh« c.rlj- p»rt of th. o.y, ™ tta> 

^ZZTtTvC* Hr°"«, S. Henry h.» rignlBrf bta di.pj.j- ' 






ceiring evidence of the co-operation of the Historical Societies of Pennsyl- 
vania and Maryland, to pay t#Mr. Matthew S. Henry thirty dollars oat of 
any funds not otherwise appropriated. 

On motion, it was resolved that the Executive Committee be authorized 
to designate the time and place for the September meeting. V ' ' 

The Society then adjourned, and subsequently, with their guests, partook 
of an excellent dinner at the City Hotel, at which speeches were made by 
the President, Judge Duer, Mr. Jackson, Mr. Viele, Mr.> Hayes, Rev. Mr. 
Sherman, and other gentlemen ; the remarks of the President, embodying 
many highly interesting reminiscences of his early years, being exceedingly 
well .received. V " •• 

jttlitMs ham'th ^xtts^tm anb tapirs .'.'.• 

\ Laid befobe the SociETr, Mat 21st, 1857. • ' . 

'ir ' ■ * "n. • ' '.*•'■ 

From Mr. Al«. B. Thompson. .-."■■ 

. ' Newark, May 20, 1857. 

Dear Sir.— In. explanation of the nature of the Tammany Society, - of 
which there Is a Diploma in tho possession of the New Jersey . Historical 
Society,* I am informed that there is a reference to it in Isaac Collins'' N. 
J; State Gazette, of May 15th and 22d, Sept. 4th and 18th, 1780. The So- 
ciety appears to have been formed during, or at the close of the Revolution- 

The names of the persons inscribed on the Diploma have appeared in 
various publications of your Society, withirr-a few years past, , and ' two of 
Of them will be found in the list of officers of N. J. Regiments, which I 
have sent you. ,-"- 

•Tha l Diploma or Certificate li a* folloivs ; 



I Indians (round a 

Council tire, with a 

rtprrtcnting Europeans 
Coancl _ 
winged flrire blowing • 
trumM In th« cloml... 
The motto around twin* - 
_ St.'Tjjuiixt. 
BrtQi nionutnmtum 
. art I'trtunlm. ' 

' This is to Cwnrf, That Mr. J<#m EaUicin 
it a Member of the Society of the Sons of St. 
Tavmamt. In Witness of which I have here- 
unto affixed dit Band and tho Public Sea), at 
th« Jtruy Gimp, the firtt day of May, in the 
year 1779. 

Attttt, ETJEN ELMER, Srerttary. 

W1I. D'HART, Pmtitnt. 



- Col WmJ DeHart, the President, was Lt Col of the 2d N. J. Reg t 
The Secretary Ebon Elmer; was Surgeon Of the iiameRegiment 
Mr Jesse Baldwin was a Lieutenant and Quartermaster .to the Army.. 
Of CoLDcHart, I have heard much in connection; with -Revolutionary 
rJte^ at MorriVtown, where' he-resided, and it will give me pleasure, to 
ZS& some future time, some'of my recollections of conversations with 
oTwbo was nearly related to hitn, and to myself, In a mow extended and 
more extended and more valuable communication. • 
■ . -• I am, sir, 

■ * Very Respectfully, 

.- '• ' YourObd. Servant, 
' ^, -n ' ' Aiix. B. TnoKTSOH. 

' - WaLIAM A. WHITEHEAD, Esq. fT.a • h, 

; . - Corresponding Secr'y of N. J. Historical Society. 

* * . 

•Received with the forgoing letter. . 

FiELnOrncERs.CAPTAmA.nSTArTof the three Kegiments^sed In 
New Jersey in December 1765, and February 1776, wWhsmrf in the 
Northern- Army, extracted from a Manual of the N. J. Cincinnati. 

'. CoL Wm. Winds, vice Lord Sterling, appointed Maj. Gen. 
-T. .. .... yv i._ * ir.; n . Willi«m Defclart 

Major William DeHart 


Silas Howell. 
John Polhemus, 
Daniel Piatt, 
'. . Elias Longstreet, 

Qr. Master, Matthias Halsted. 
Surgeon, William Barnct 

' 2d regiment. ■ 

* Lt Col. Israel Shreve. . 
Major, David Rhea. , ^ . .-; ' 

captains. .. - .<' • 

Joseph Brearly, 
Joseph. Stout, 
John B. Scott ..' 
Qr. Mr., Buddell Shinn. ^ 
Surgeon, James Holmes. - 
Surgeon's Mate, Ab'm Appleton. 

/ 1 1 Col AnthoDV W. White. 
Colonel, Elias Dayton. I Ltl*l., Antn j 

Major, Francis Barber. 
Joseph Bloomfield, Peter Dickerson, 

Lt Col. Matthias Ogden. 

Joseph Morris, 
John Conway, 
Andrew McMins, 
Joseph Meeker, 
Adjutant Alex. Clough, 
Paymaster, Aaron Ogden 

Col. Wm. Maxwell. 

William Faulkner, 
"William Sbute, 
Richard Howell, 
Archibald shaw,' 
Adj't, Eph'm Anderson 
Paym'r, William Shutc. 




Samuel Potter, v , .Thomas Patterson, 

John Rosa, Thomas Beading, - f ■• 

W. E.Imlay, Anthony Sharp. -\ 

Adj't, Samuel Shepherd. Qr. Mr., Wm. Norcross. 

Paymaster, Jonathan Dayton. Surgeon, Lewis Dunham. 

Surgeon's Mate, Thomas Rood. ■ Chaplain, James Caldwell. 

In February, 1776, two Companies of Artillery were raised. 


'■ Captain, Frederick Frelinghuysen. Capt' Lieut, Daniel Neil, j 

Lieutenants, Thomas Clark, John Vandyke. " . J 


' Captain, Samuel Hugg. CapL Lieut., John Wcstcott. 

< ' .Lieutenants, Scth Brown, Eli Elmer. 

Jertey^rigade, raised in 1776 and' 1777, commanded .by Brig. Gen 
Wm. Maxwell. ' : , % ,- ; - / . • . . 

V^ ,.- 1st. REGIMENT. ;^ • 
i; Colonel, Matthias Ogdcn. " * Lieut'CoL,~William DeHart 

Silas Howell, 
John Polhemus, 
Daniel Piatt, 
•Daniel Baldwin,-' 
. Adj't, Jacob Piatt 
Paymaster, Aaron Ogden. 

Major, Joseph Morris. 

• CAPTAINS. ■ t .' 

John Conway, : 
Andrew McMins,' 
' Elias Longsireet, . 
Peter Voorhees. 
Qr. Mr., Joseph Periam. 
Surgeon, Wm. Barnet, 

'..\ ,,' , 2d REGIMENT. 

Colonel, Israel Shrove. * / Lt Col., David Rhea. 
Major, Richard HowelL 


James Lawrte, h Joseph Stout, 

James Dillon, " Eph'm Anderson, 

John Hollirigshead, John N. Cumralng, 

Samuel Reading, William Helms. 

Adj't,- Luthor Halscy. , Qr. Mr., Benj. Osman. 

Paymaster, John Peck. Surgeon, Lewis Howell. 
] Surgeon's Mate, Ebenezer Elmer.- . 

■ ■ "l .". : 8d REGIMENT. 

Colonel, EliasDayton. ' ,Lt Col, Francis Barber. 

Petor Dickenson, 

Major, Joseph Bloom field. 


Thomas Patterson, 

. *_l>»»»'el JB»l<*j^tn Io«* » 1(« »l Otrmantoirn : to a memtxr of th« ClndnwtU Bodctjr ', dl«d In 
Kit. Did he b«loDg to Ku«x County? ; - 

HRHMpniM BMP ;'^^,^:'*^r — t~ 

Colonel, Ephraim Martin. 



John Ross, $ William Gifford, 

Richard Gox, John Mott, 

Samuel Flanagan, Joseph Anderson.' 

Adj\ Sam'l Shepherd ; Qr. Mr., Nathan Wilkin; Paymaster, Jonathan 
Dayton; Surgeon, Lewis Dunham ; Surgeon's Mate, Eph'm Loring. 
4th : REGIMENT. 

Lt-CoL, David Brcarley. 
Major, Thomas MorrelL 

• . ' CAPTAIKS, 

Wilh'ara Bond, 'John Anderson, 

Noadiah Wade, dfcf • ! James Holmes, 

. Jonathan Kinsey.r' .'.,•' Jonathan Forman, 

Abraham, Lyon, Archibald Dallas, 

* Adj't, Joseph King ; Qr. Mr., Eph'm Darby ; Paymaster, Abraham Mar- : 
tin; Surgeon, J. B. Riker; Surgeon's Mate, J. Harris. 

Brigade Major, James Witherspoon. 

Chaplain, Andrew Hunter. 

In 1780 these four Regiments were reduced to three, as follows: 

1st REGIMENT. .' 
• Colonel, Matthias" Ogdcn. • Lt-Col., John Conway.' 

• . - - Major, Dan'l Piatt 

• CAPTAIXS. , • m . 

Jonathan Formal Peter VoorhccS, 

Alei'r Mitchell, Aaron Ogden, 

Jacob Piatt,- £ -William Piatt 

Capt-Lieut, Cyrus DeHart . . 


John Howell, ; ' " ■ William Barton, 

Abraham Martin, i ■■ . ■ Eph'm WhiUock, . 

Eden Burroughs, Peter Lott 

Jonathan Snowden, -, Sam'l Seoley. . , - 

Adj't, Eph'm WhiUock ; Qr. Mr., Peter Lott ; Paymaster, Cyrus DeHart , 
Surgeon, William Barnet; Surgeon's Mate, Jacob Harris. 
Colonel, Israel Shrcve." - it-Cot, William DeHart, 

• 4 Major, John Noble Cumming. 

CAPTAI58. ' • 

William Helms, 5 . NatbanlelBowman, 

.' Jonathan Phillips, • Sun 1 Hendry 

Jonathan Holmes, \ Capt-Lieut, Abel Wym.n. 


■Deride Lane," J',' Abraham Stout, 

Ab'm Appleton, Sam 1 Shute, 


~ •- ~ — : 7~ ~~ ~ ~~ "~~~ 




'Jonathan Rhea, John ShreTe, l~.- * 

,' Saml Conn, • James Paul.' • 

Adj't, Luther Halsey; Qr. Mr.,. Derick Lane; Paymaster, John Peck; 
Surgeon, Ebeneier Elmer ; Surgeon's Mate, Moses Elmer. 
"'V'- 8rd REGIMENT. - 

Colonal, Elias Dayton. Lt-CoL, Francis Barber. : 

_- Major, John Ross. . 


Richard Cox, 

Joseph Anderson, 

Seth Johnson," -.- -<". 

Capt-Lieut, Nathl Leonard. 

Edmund. D. Thomae, 
Benjamin Horn, . • ^ 
Nathan Wilkinson, 
Jarvis Bloomfleld, 

Jeremiah Ballard, 
Bateman Lloyd, 
. Jonathan Dayton. 


i John Blair, 
. John Ren castle, 
•, ■ William Kersey, 
Wessel T. Stout, 

Adj't, SamT Shepherd; Qr. Mr., Eph'm Darby; Paymaster, Jonathan 
Dayton; Surgeon, Lewis Dunham ; Surgeon's Mate, Eph'm Loring. ' 


Sam'l, Shepherd, 
John Peck 1 ," 
Benajah Osman, 
Absalom Bonham, 
Peter Faulkner, 
Wm. Shute, 
William Tuttle, 
George Walker, 
Almarine Brooks, 
Cornelius R. Suydam, 

Luther Halsey. 
Eph'm Darby, 
Silas Parrott, 
Aaron Rhea, 
Francis Luce, 
Moses Sproule, 
John. Hopper, 
Joseph Buck, 
Jacob Hyer, 
John Read. 


••' Announced Mat 21st, 1857. - • £ 

From the State of New Jersey— Acts of the 80th Legislature. ' ■ " : 
From the State, of Eeto.York-Joiintte and Documents of the Senate and 

Assembly, and Laws passed utthe 70th Session of tho Legislature of that 

State. 18 vols., 8vo. 

Documents relative to.the Colonial History of the State of New York. 
Vol. 1, 4to. ; . . 

From the State of Rhode /,W-Index to the Printed Acts and Resolves 
of, and Petitions to the General Assembly of the State of R. I. and Provi- 

donations. 60 

dence Plantations, from 1768. to 1852. By J. R. Bartlctt, Secretary of 
State. 8vo. 

From the Commissioner of Patent* — Patent Office Report, Arts and Manu- 

, factnres.. Vol 1-2. 1855. 

From the American Philosophical Society— Proceedings of the Society. 
July-December, 1850. • ' 

From J. L. Sibley— Report on the Rights and Duties of the President and 
Fellows of Harvard College in relation to tho Board of. Overseers, and 
Thirty-first Annual Report of the President to the Overseers. 

From the Author, A. E. Palmer — Documents and Facts illustrating the 
origin of the Mission to Japan, &c. 

. From the 'Author— Life and Times of Anne Hutchinson, read before the 
Baptist Historical Society, by H. B. Dawson, Juno 18th, 1858. Pub- 
lished in tho New York Chronicle. ■ -- ■■ 

From Bon. Win. Wright — Report' on tho Commercial Relations of tho 
United States with all Foreign Nations. . _ 

From L, A. E. Latour, Montreal — Reports of the Superintendent of Edu-" 
cation for Lower Canada for 1850, 1858 and 1854. 

From Mr. Bctte Nicholas, Flanders, K. J. — Sketch of tho History of tho 
Presbyterian Church, Morristown, N. J.,* compiled by Albert Barnes, 

. Pastor, 1823. . ■-.''■■■ ^ ■ 

Sketch of the History of tho First Presbyterian Church, Elizabethtown, 
compiled by John McDowell, Pastor, 1824. 

From the A uthor— Notices of the Histories of Boston. 

From Alexander M. Bruen, Esq., E. Y.— The very singular Life, of John 
Bruen, Esquire, of Bruen Staplcford, CheshVe, by Rev. Wm. Hindc. 
Originally published in 1641. Reprinted for private circulation. 

From Jacob Eundtperfund—A Three Pound Note, No. 1842, New Jersey 
Provincial Currency, dated April 23d, 1761. 

From Israel Russell, Esq., E. Y.— First Annual Report on tho Improve- 
ment of the Central Park, Now Yoric January 1, 1857. 
Report of the Special Committee on the Deputation to India. 1856. 
R O. Winthrop's Address before the Association of the Alumni of 
Harvard, July 22d, 1852, with several other valuablo pamphlets, 85 in 

. number, and 6 vols. Annals of Deaf and Dumb, bound. 
' From the Publishers— Tho Historical Magazine, Boston, and American 
Notes and Queries, Philadelphia. 

. fJUmbm (BlttttM., . 

MAY 21, 1857. 


Geoboe A. Emmell, Eewarl: Joris R. Pierjon, Eeicarl:' ■ 

' Isaac A, Nichols, M. D., Eetcarl. 




®\t gppintnuni ai gatj>atwl %tiH5 

.. Read beforb the Society,' May 21, 1857,* 


'* - - • * . . i < . 

Tm New York Mercury of March 31, 1760, contains the following it«m 

'. of intelligence : . ' • ^ 

"We learn from Perth Amboy that, Tuesday 18th inst, being the first 
of the March term for holding the Supreme Court at that city, for theProv- 
inco of New Jersey, tho Hon Nathaniel Jones, Esq., appeared in the Court 
House there, with his Majesty's Commission, appointing him Chief Justice 
of thatprovince, and demanded the necessary requisites for the exercise of 
that oflfce.'Ticfore the Hon. Robert Hue ter Morris, Esq.. Chief Justice of 
that Province, and the Hon. Samuel Nevill, Esq., Second Judge of the said 
Supreme Court : Whereupon the Commission appointing Mr. Morris to that 
office was read, and also Mr. Jones'; and that of Mr. Morris being found to , 
bo during good behaziovr, and no instances of his misbehaviour appearing 
against him. after some learned debates on the law, it was the opinion of 

• the Coort, that as Mr. Morris was never legnliy 'superseded, Mr. Jones could 
not be admitted to the execution of that office." ;' , •'.-.. •; » ' 
■ This event and the circumstances which led to it aro treated of by Mr. 

. Field in his highly interesting volumo upon the "Provincial Courts of New 

' Jersey ;" but as the facts wore not as fully known to him as they have since 
been revealed through the Index to our Colonial Documents in the English 

""archives,' I would present them to tho Society, briefly, without attempting 
to solve the" knotty question involved, which, so far as I know, nevjer re- 
ceived a satisfactory solution cither during tho Provincial Era or since, viz: 
Did the raignaiion of an office hM "during good lehazior" barton- 
sumption by thetame party on tome future occationf 

Robert Hunter Morris was appointed Chief Justice of New Jersey on the 
deaffi of Robert Lettice Hooper, on the 17th March, 1788, and rendered 

, himself so generally acceptaBle to the government "at home," as well as to 
those' among whom his duties were exercised, that, when in 1754 he re- 
ceived from the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania an appointment as Governor 

, of that Province, his resignation of the Chief Justiceship was not accepted 

^ by the Ministry, and for thotwo years that he held the office of Governor 
of Pennsylvania, the Associate Justices Nevill and Saltar, discharged all the \ 
duties of the No wJersej* Supreme, Court ;• - 

On the 9lh February, 1767, the Board of Trade recommended to the 
King that William Aynesley, Esq., be appointed Chief Justice of the Prov- 
ince of Now Jersey in the room of Robert Hunter Morris, Esq., il reiigned, n 

and on the 16th of the same month an 6rder of Council was adopted, ap- 

., ..«;, 



pointing Mr. Aynesley Chief Justice in accordance with that recommenda- 
tion; the order repeating the circumstance of Mr. Morris* resignation aithe 
grounds for tho, appointment, and Mr. Aynesley's warrant, or commission, 
was issued the following day. 

Now this took placo while Mr.'Morris is thought to have been In England, • 
he certainly was there not many months after, and there Is no Indication of 
a word having been'exprcssed by .him adverse to ihe appointment of Mr. 
Aynesley. This, together with the fact that tho appointment was made 
some months anterior to the' death of Gov. Belcher, which occurred Aug. 
31, 1767, deprives of all significance the suggestion of Mr. Field, that the 
peculiar circumstances of tho Province .growing out of the Governor's 
death, and the absence of Mr. Morris, may have been the operating causes 
why tho Chief Justiceship was conferred upon another.'- 
''• Another proof of acquiescence on the part of Mr. Morris Is found In the 
fact that Mr. Aynesley took his seat as Chief Justice in March 1768, and was 
recognized as such in the Province during the brief period of servico which 
was terminated by his death on Cth July, 1758, from imprudence In drink- 
ing milk and water the day previous, when overheated. 

We learn of no resumption of the office by Mr. Morris Immediately sub- 
sequent to Mr. Aynesley's death, but on the contrary, after the lapso of some 
weeks, on the 24th May, 1750, Nathaniel Jones was recommended to tho 
King by the Board of Trade, to fill the vacancy, and on the 81st an order 
of Council appointing him Chief Justice "in the room of Wm. Aynesley, 
Esq., deceased." Shortly before tho appointment was known in New Jer- 
sey, however, Mr. Morris had proposed to resume the offlco, much apparently 
to tho embarrassment of Governor Bernard ; and probably at the sugges- 
tion of that functionary the matter was referred for tho decision of the 
Board of Trade, — he abstaining from exercising the duties of tho office un- 
til that decision should be obtained; but on the 28th August, 17^9, tho 
Governor wrote for instructions as to tho course he should pursue should , 
Mr. Morris assert his right in opposition to Mr. Jones, whose commission 
had then arrived. ., 

Before this letter reached England Mr. Jones had left for America, having 
kissed tho hands of his majesty, and taken leavp on the 0th July ; and the 
Lords of Trade on the 14th December — so infrequent wcro communications 
then — wrote to Governor Bernard commenting on the "extraordinary 
"claims" of Mr. Morris; sustaining the newly appointed officer, and giving 
directions to tho Governor as to tho course he should pursuo In arraging tho 
difficulty. What these directions were we have not the means of knowing 
at present,, but, in conjunction with the animadversions' of tho Board 
of trade, they seem to have had the effect at tho timo to^produce some 
change in Mr." Morris' Intentions ; as tho Governor, under dato of 25th 
February, 1760, on Inclosing to their lordships a letter from Mr. Morris, ex- 
planatory of his course, states that although Mr. Jones did riot give satisfac- 
tion in the province, Mr. Morris' claim to the office had been settled. 



APPOnmtKrr or nathTmei* jojtes. 


Subsequently, however, Mr. Morris reasserted his right, and oa the open- 
ing of the Supreme Court the next month, (March,' 1760.) the" circumstan- 
ces occurred which are stated in the extract from' the New Yorkj-Mercury, 
which I have read, and which are more particularly detailed in Mr. Field's 
C worlc, (pp. 152-154) from the Minutes of the Court ; which state the ground 
of Mr. Morris' claim to have been that his commission had conferred upon 
him a freehold in the office of Chief Justice, of which it was not shown that 
be bad In any way been divested. It is not improbable that an opinion 
given in July, 1758, by the Attorney and Solicitor/Jenerals, relative to the 
' appointment of Chief Justice Delancy of New York, during good, behavior, 
by Governor Oiin ton, may have had weight with the Court in coming to 
this conclusion. - The instructions of the Governor were *• hot to insert any 
limitation of time in the commissions which he should grant with the *dvic£ 
and consontof the" Council," (moaning that they should read " during pleat 
urc,") ancVon tbo questions being submitted whether he had the power to 
grant a commission during good behavior under those instructions, and if 
the Crown could revoke It, those law officers decided that the Governor 
" should not have granted" the commission ; but, say they, "as the power 
given by the Commission is general, wc apprehend the grant is good in law, 
and cannot bo revoked without misbehavior." ;.' " ..,' ;. J-; 

The Minutes of the Court were transmitted by the Governor to the Lords 
of Trade on the 22nd of March, and on the 22nd of Juno following a repre- 
sentation of the whole matter was'laid by them before the King", with a 
recommendation that the case be referred to the Attorney General, with 
directions to report what measures were proper to be takerf'to support the .' 
King's right of nomination against what was styled " the extraordinary and -i 
unprecedented claim of Mr^Morris." ", * 

Mr. JoneVseems to hav,e'quietly acquiesced in the decision, although it 
may well be imagined that his disappointment must have been great, for en 
his arrival in tho province everything wore a favorable .aspect, ^almost tha 
first notice of his presence being in connection with an account of a public 
entertainment given to him at Elizabeth town, when the Mayor, Recorder, 
and other authorities presented . an address, in which they expressed their 
gratification at receiving such a "fresh instance of the King's paternal in- 
dulgence," and pleasure at his having selected their borough as his resi- 
dence To this he made a very proper response, concluding as.foUowa;^ 
"My residence among you will bo rendered happy because you are hot de- 
void of humanity, but apparently practice the .religion you profess. The 
confidence you repose In me will influence my conduct so as 'to merit your 
: esteem aad attach me by an Inviolable fidelity. 11 Three short months 
changed the sceno, and after his unceremonious rejection and consequent 
' return to England, he probably concluded, as suggested'by Mr. Field, |that 
the' people of New Jersey were not quite so humane and religious as he' had 
taken them to be," , It would seem, moreover, that his disappointment 





not mollified by any consideration extended to him' by the government In 
consequence thereof. In -1707 he was an applicant to the Earl of Shelburne 
for the vacant Chief Justiceship of Now York/on the ground that he had 
received no recompense for the loss of time and the expenses which had 
attended the transportation of himself and family to America, Incurred 
under the sanction of an appointment to the Ch^ef Justiceship of New Jer- 
j sey. But the application was in vain, and the.ensuing year we find him a 
U suppliant to Lord Hillsborough simply for relief— tho loss of his practice 
consequent upon his absence from England haying rendered him destitute 
of any Bupport for himself and family. No subsequent mention is made of 
him. ■ .,•...; ■•„ 

The retiring of Mr. Jones 50 quietly from the contest did, not, however 
altogether give assurance to his opponent The fact of a reference to the 
matter to the Attorney General appears to have led to a rcstatcmentby Mr. 
Morris, of the circumstances connected with his reassumption of tho office, 
under dale of Aug. 10th, 17C0, to Governor Boone, shortly after that func. 
tionary's arrival, and the document was by him, at the request of Mr. Mor- 
' ris, transmitted tolhe Board of Trade under date of Sept 8d ; and subse"-' 
quenlly (Dec 15) a further memorial in support of his claim was.transmitted 
leading to another urgent request from tha Board of Trade, (April 17, 
1761,) that the King would cause such directions to be given as would de- 
termine a matter so productive of confusion. 

Such directions eventually appeared under date of December 2d, 17C1, 
and were transmitted by circular to thej Colonics under date of Dec 12th ; . 
the action of the Assembly of New York in passing "an act providing that 
tho Judges of the Supremo Court shall hate their commissions during good 
behavior," probably conducing to tho emphatic announcement, by order 
"from the Council, that any Governor assenting, under any prctenco what- 
ever,;^ any act that would sanction tho conferment of commissions to the 
Judges otherwise than during pleasure, 6hould be. retnoved from his gov- 

Before this expression of His Majesty's will reached America, Governor 
Eardy had taken Hho placo of Governor Boono in New Jersey, and very 
soon after ht3 arrival he afforded tho ministry an opportunity to evince their 
determination to carry out to tho letter their recent instructions, by renew- 
ing, among others, tho commission of Mr. Morris "during good behavior." 
His letter to tho Board of Trado convoying tho information was dated Jan. 
20, 1762 ; it reached London somo timo in March, and on the 27th of that ' 
month tho Board proposed his recall ; and although Mr. Morris and tho 
other officers, on tho receipt of the instructions, resigned their scats " during 
good behavior,"' for such as were revocable at the King's pleasure, yet tho 
mandate had gone forth, and In August William Franklin was commissioned 
Governor of New Jersey, in pbco of Josiah Hardy, recalled, t 
As stated by Mr. Field, Mr. Morris "continued to occupy 'the Beat of 

r 1 .:— --'-—- - ,..,.., : .. t ...... . .. ~ 

. 1. 



Chief justice until bis deathi" in January, 1764; bat it can scarcely bo 
said to have been " without interruption," if the doubts entertained in the 
province respecting his right to the office, and the governmental opposition 
to bis exercising Its duties aro considered. Not unlike the Vicar of Bray, 
he seems to have kept steadily to bis "principle," which was to live and die 
Chief Justice of New Jersoy. ■ - 

Such are the facts connected with this incident in our provincial history. 
It evidently had considerable weight in inducing the British Ministry to 
rigorously enforce the rule which gave causo to the fraroers of the 'Declara- 
tion of Independence to say of the King, "He hasjrade Judges dependent 
on his will alone for the .tenure of their offices, and the amount and pay- 
ment of their salaries," and consequently may be said to have had a direct 
influence in hastening the separation of the Colonics fiom the mother, 
country. ,.- • '<^h 



* < 




or a 


■wrrn x 



_■■• |p _ : | . 


Albany. .* 





[Davip Ford was a native of Morristownj N. J., and having in early life 
lost both parents, be spent bis childhood with bis paternal grandfather, 

'Jacob Ford. The death of the latter occurred in 1777, but tho writer of 
this sketch is not further informed of the early history of Mr. Ford until 

-S1804, except what Is given in the following journal. In 1804, (his brother 
N»than having eight years previous made the first American settlement on 
the' St Lawrence, at Ogdcnsburgh,) ho received of Governeur ;Morris an 
agency for settling the township of Hague, (now Morristown, StLawrenco 
county, N. Y. Jlind removed to that place, where bo resided most of tho 
remainder of his life. During the war of 1812-15, ho held at*. Colonel's 
commission, and at various times was honored with public office. He died 
at Ogdensburgh, Nov. 0, 1835, aged 75.y ears. CoL Ford was. a man. of 
kind and hospitablo manners, and strongly attached to his family and 
friends. The difficulties of a new settlement bad in a measure ;bcen alle- 
viated by tho energetic and successful efforts of his brother, Nathan Ford, 
than whom, no man ever more resolutely encountered the difficulties inci- 
dent to beginning a new colony, remote from the jurisdiction of law and in 
tho midst of active and unscrupulous enemies, in tho persons of Canadian 
tradersj squatters and timber thieves. F. H.] ■ - 

i% For other papers referring to this expedition, sco " Proceedings ajL,' 
(ho Society," Vol. Ill, p. 178, and Vol VI, p. 113. - • ^f\ 

■ Cth Sept 1791. This day received orders from Major Lcddlc, to march 
with my troop immediately for New Brunswick. I instantly gave the nc- 
<cssary orders for assembling tho troop.' \- ■ 

7th. Still busy in preparing for tho march. 

:8th. The same. I 

:0th. • Tho same. Gavo order for marching at 7 o'clock next morning; 

10th. This morning, agreeable to orders, the troop assemlrfed-At Boon- 



ton, from whence, about 11 o'clock, we marched for Morristown, • at which- 
place we arrived about 1 o'clock, and joined Major Lcddlc, Capt Tuttle r - 
and the other troops assembled for marching. Here my troop had the 
honor of turning out more men than all the rest of the county. Ready to 
march after taking leave of my friends and taking dinrior, - We marched' 
from the parade under repeated shouts of applause from our fallow citizens, 
a great number of whom had assembled on the occasion. It afforded me . 
much pleasure to observe the spirit with which the troops marched off, and 
is we left the Green we returned three cheers to our friends. We pro- 
ceeded by Baskingridge to Dead River, where we encamped for tho might. 
Most of our men lay in barns, and appear very happy ; fcjuny own part, I 
tumbled on a bed with my clothes on, to be ready for thoimorning's march, 
which I had ordered nt daylight 

11th. Long before day my men were ready, and at tho dawn of. tho i 
morning we departed for Brunswick. I was deputed by the Major to wait ' 
on General White, and request that he would honor the squadron with bis 
presence into the city, which he very politely agreed to do. ~On our march 
we fell in with the Bergen squadron, and marched into town together ; and 
without 'vanity,' we cut a very fine figure, and much the best of any that 
had come in. Here our troops wejavery much dissatisfied '"ith ihvir for- 
age. Orders are given for all the troops to march to-morro^ for Trenton. 
We now havo the Essex squadron, and part of the Middlesex, so that we . 
march near 200 men. This afternoon the whole cavalry'-pdrodcd in tho. 
grand street to receive their standards, at tho delivery of which tb.e General . 
gave a most elegant and honorable charge to the Coronets who ,were pres- 
ent, impressing on them the confidence placed In them by committing to 
their charge tho standard of honor; to which Coronet Beach, In .behalf of - 
the whole, made a very handsome reply, pledging themselves never to dis- 
grace or part with their standards, but with tbojr lives.. After tbis'6olemn 
ceremony, we. were marched through the principal 'streets to our quarters 
. in-the barracks. 
• 12th. Agreeable to orders, the troops were on tho parade precise'y at 
10 o'clock. About 11 o'clock tho General arrived, and marched us off 
through town for Princeton, which is to be our next stage. Nothing of con- 
• sequence happened on tho march ; our troops well satisfied, and very happy ; 
We arrived at Princeton about 8 o'clock, and were ordered for forage, 4c, 
to CoL Morgan's barn, where the contractors' had purchased bay by tho 
lump for the wholo squadron. Hero the troop were pretty well satisfied. ' 

13th. Early this morning the troops paraded to march for Trenton, to s 
meet tho Governor, who met us near Trenton, and reviewed us ; after which 
he marched at our head into Trenton! By this time we had been Joined by 
different companies, that mado our number upwards of 800. Hero we took 
up quartcrsj drew our tents, and began to live actually tho lives of soldier?, 
and I could not but observe *ith what casb and facility tho men began to- 


; . ? 



do the duty of a camp, and to accommodate themselvcs^o their new situa- 
tion. Hero the necessary supplies and attention .to providing the troops 
were multiplied on my hands; every one looking up to ine for what they 
wanted here. I was highly gratified at the confidence which toy men 
placed in me. Before night, fhad my men in their tents, and well supplied 
with everything to mako theur comfortable. ■'._. 

14th.' Being Sunday, lay in camp taking our ease. In the afternoon 
th'o Muster-master mustered us, and the valuers of our horses* CoL Forman 
and Mr. Vandusen, begun by valuing my horses. __ 

15tb. Lay in camp, preparing every necessary for our march ; getting 
everything ready to proceed to Carlisle. Had orders to change our camp, ' 
which was done with speed and cleverness, and our tents again pitched and 
our men well under cover. ■ - • . "• 

ICth. "Began to rain in the niorning ; wind N. E., threatening a storm ; 
bnt cleared off by noon. Order to prepare for a march to-morrow. 'While 
at Trenton I spent my time very happy. Most of my old acquaintance were 
very civil, and we had cove (?) of gentlemen with us : new "acquaintance's 
," wcro made withWso and facility among ?he officers, and each one: seemed 
happy to find the honor of the Stato likely to be 6b well supported ;by the 
cavalry. •■ - • 

17th. Orders for marching having been given, and notice that th'o Com- ■ ■ ', 
mander-in-chief of New Jersey Intended taking command of the troops from 
the State, and honoring the cavalry by marching with them, we all pre* 
pared, and about 2 o'clock left Trenton. There I was fortunate enough to 
meet my amiable friend.*, Miss Cornelia and Hannah Lott, ^of whom I took 
leave. I also was so fortunate as to make an acquaintance with Miss For- 
man and Miss Milnor, Iwo very fine girls, with .whom I was very loth to 
part Wo marched across tho Delaware, (that to',' forded it,) and reached 
Newtown that night This is the county town of Bucks county, Petnsyl- 
vanla. Here slender accommodations had been made, and the troops suf- 
fered for forage yctj much, particularly for hay.' n J=£r> 

18th. This morning several of tho troops were unwell, owing to their 
having lain on tho ground without straw. We however moved on with the 
whole corps for tho Crooked Billet, at which place we arrived at about 2 
o'clock. Hero our camp was pitched in a very rough, bad piece of ground. 
It had been rldgo-ploughed for wheat, and waiajl, hills and hollows. • On 
our march we had a shower, and towards evening the hemisphere began to 
thicken and look liko a heavy gust ~fl had determined this morning that I 
would take up my quarters in my marquee this night, and had attended to 
the pitching of it accordingly ; notwithstanding the appearance of the 
weather, which now grew more tempestuous, I took up my lodging In tho 
marquee. Tho wholo heavens appeared in a blaze, and peals of thunder . 
succeeded each other so rapidly as scarcely to afford an interval for several 


CArTAIX ford's jocrxal." 

hours. A more tremendous storm (for a thunder Btorm) I never saw. Here 
igain I was very much pleased with the countenance and enterprise of my • 

■troop, who had all taken the precaution of trenching roundthelrtenta^and ' 
when the storm began, they turned out with whips, which Uey had 'pre- 
viously prepared, and whipped their tents; the effect "bfjvhich is to wet 
them all as soon as possible, after which they leak no^nore. I did so with • 
my own, and laid myself down to perfect rest 1 The TCrooked Billet Is a 
small place of 10 or 15 houses, tolerably well-built ; tavern dirty and extra- 
vagant; the people well disposed to take advantage of the troops, and In j 
general 1 not very friendly to our camp. 

• 19th. We marched early for Norristown, the county town of the county 
of Montgomery, 172 miles from Philadelphia, where We arrived about 2 
o'clock. Our camp was beautifully laid out on' the banks of the Schuyl- 
kill, in a very pleasant meadow. Hero we were well supplied with short 
feed, but infamously with ,hay, owing to tho villainy of a farmer, who had 
sold and promised to deliver good hay, and brought bad.; Norristown Is 
beautifully situated on the Schuylkill ; has a handsome court house, goal, 
and yard, in a separate pltrs, a building for public papers, &c. ,lt lays on 
an eminence, and has a most commanding prospect Here we were joined 
bv the Philadelphia light-horse, who lift Philadelphia Thursday. They 
ire most. completely mounted and equipped, , and very genteel looking 

troops, about men, being three companies. Here wo, found many 

people very much In favor of the rioters. These wererhowever all of the 
most ignorant and uninformed part of society. The most strange and ab- 
surd notions s of the Government sccni to have been Industriously propaga- 
ted by some wicked Incendiaries ; such as, that Congress were going to lay , 
a tax of two dollanum every male child that is born ; that one shilling' is 
. to be laid on every now coat, and a number of such like stories. At this 
place we were overtaken by Gov. Mifflin, who came here to procure tho 
quota of troops from tho county. He harangued the citizens (a great many 
of whom had assembled,) very well, (as I am told,) after which he paid a 
very high compliment to our State, and was very bappy to see us on tho 
ground;— in short, every friend of tho Federal Government seems delight- 
ed with our appearance. ' 

-.* 20th. Marched early for Potts Grove, distant 15 miles, where we arrived 

i about 2 o'clock, and pitched our camp most beautifully on the banks of the 
Schuylkill. Potto Grove is a charming village, pleasantly altuaUd^on that 
rirer, and inhabitod by ranch tho most genteel, hospitable peoplo of any 
town we had passed through. It was originally laid out by Mr. -— Potto 
and Is now very much possessed and inhabTte^byirhi descendants, of that 
name and the name of Butter. As wo wcro marching Into the camping 
ground, I had tho misfortuno to roceivo a very bad wound by the kick or a . 
horse, which cut my boot stocking, » nd Jnto m y ,c 8 on the ,bin '. 
about as largo as a dollar, and bruised tho adjacent farts very much. 





Here I experienced the attention of many of the inhabitants, by their kind 
offers of assistance; hut in particular, my friend Jesse Potts happened to 
be in town, who immediately came to see me, sent for his suikey, and took 
me .to his nephew's, Mr. Thomas Potts, who had come to meet me. Here 
I found the most polite hospitality and sympathy I could wish, from 'an 
amiable womanfMrs. Potts, ana Miss Potts, a sister of my friend, Mr; Jesse 
Potts. Here I spent the sight, and had every possible attention from. all 
' the family. Several of the Messrs. Potts and Rutter Vailed to sec me, and 
pressed me to stay the next day ; and all have very cordially invited me to 
spend some, time with them on my return, whichl have promised to do. 
The Messrs. Potts are all largely concerned in extensive iron works of exerj 
kind, and sqme on new and improved constructions. My friend Doct An- 
derson, who has joined our. squadron as surgeon-, was eo good as to stay 
with me at Mr. Pot la', and is, as well as myself, well pleased with the po- 
liteness and hospitality of the people. , • 

I have as yet not made any ohscrvations as'to the country. 'It is very 
much of a sameness, from the hills abovo TrenUja ferry to. this place, and 
what I call a very fine country, hut not as highly improved as I had ex- 
pected from tho representations of tho Pennsylvania farmers. I could not 
help observing the small quantities of meadow, and the few good streams 
wo passed, and we did not see many fine clover jields. " Another observa- 
tion which was made by all the troops, was, that wo found no good hay 
between Trenton and Potts Grove. The quality of the grass had generally 
hcen good, hut In curing it had all been spoiled, and was so very musty as 
to give all our horses a cough. ' 

At Potts Grove we found the people very generally our friends, and fed- . 
cral, but heard a bad account of tho adjacent country. 

21st .The troops marched for Reading. Dr. Anderson and myself staid 
behind until 11 o'clock, when by the assistance of Mr. Potts, who Bent me 
his sulky, we proceeded for Reading, through a country more mountainous- 
and rough than what we had before passed. Road not very good, yet tho 
lands appeared in good culture, and the farmers happy. On our wholo 
march in Pennsylvania, I find ;the .country by no mean* as thickly settled 
as New Jersey} the building! are generally of stone, and the barns and J 
outhouse* very good. ;Wo arrived at Reading about 2 o'clock. This is a 
town pleasantly aituated on the banks of the Schuylkill On tho back, 
about N,E,,' are high bilhv and mountains, at the foot of which the town 
stands; to the 8.E., S. and 8, $& Is a beautiful; valley of 8 or 4 miles, 
when hills and* mountains again begin 1© rise. This is the county-town of 
Berks; consist* of about 400. houses, 8 churches, (one very elegant,) ft 
court house, goal, building for public papers, &c The houses in general 
illy built, the taverns but indifferent, .particularly as to cooking, which is- 
very bad. •This town Is mostly inhabited by Germans; as ia'also the whole- 


81 *r 

Here we found the people of the lower order very ignorant and flly in- 
formed, full of prejudice iagainst our happy government, and Tery un- 
friendly to" our cause./ The more enlightened were all with us, as must be 
the case where reason governs. -. . . 

2°d. The troops rested here this day, myself confined to the house most > 
of the day ; in the afternoon Col. Rhea, who had been very polite, called on 
me to go and see a gentleman by the name of Mr. Rose, a most complete 
musician and plays on at least 10 different instruments ; in addition to 
which he has a collection of curiosities for his own amusement, and some 
very excellent paintings. " . , . _ _j - ; 

He favored us, in company with his daughter, with some music en the 
piano forte, violin and an excellent organ. He/treated us with great polite- 
ness, and is a good federalist He very obligingly offered me his chaise to 
get on, but having procured a covered wagon I declined troubling him. 

23d. The troops marched for Womelsdorf ; . town distant 14 miles, where 
we arrived before sunset, and encamped. The country begins to grow 
better ; almost all of it inhabited by Germans, and ip good cultivation ; hero 
we found the people divided as to the object of our march; tho taverns 

poor, though not dear; there Is ft church and about houses.' 

• 24th. Marched for Lebcnon, at which place we arrived -it 10 o'clock, 
distance 14 miles. In this day's march, we passed through the finest coun- 
try I have seen in our march. We begin to find blackwalnuta growing 
spontaneous. The country well cultivated ;, buildings good L and of stone, 
and mostly inhabited by Germans. We passed a small village of about B0 
houses, called Major town, near the Tulpehocken, on which is the ftimouj 
canal for joining the Susquehanna and Schuylkill together. Iwasunablo 
to go and see it, but many' of , the gentlemen did, and tell me it Is a most 
grand undertaking; that the canal is already dug ten miles, In which are 
five locks, to embrace thirty feet; that they ore executed in a masterly 
manner— that rathe distance already dono there is a great number of elegant 
arched bridges over the canal, wherever It goes across tho road. There 
are now employed 600 hands at it, and every prospect of succeeding In this 
part of the bold enterprise, which if once accomplished, from this to tne 
Schuylkill, and from thence to tho Delaware, will turn such a torrent or 
wealth into Philadelphia, as will certainly secure it the emporium of Amor- 
ica.' • • , 

2o\h. This day tho troops wero ordered to make a forced march, and 
relch Harrisb'urg, distant 26 miles. Of course the line of march was taken 
up early, and by ft little after 6 o'clock the troops wero In motion. About 
3 miles from Lebenon we passed the Quilapahillo, the branch by which tho 
lock navigation Is' to be carried to the Susquehanna. It Is a flno lively 
stream, but does not contain much water. On this day's march wo found 
the inhabitants better informed and much more friendly to our caoBO. ir-e 
country now bo.-omes very fine, tho land well cultivated, blackwalnut and 






locust very plenty. At the di9tanco of 17 miles from Lcbenon, came to a 
small village colled Hunnelstown, consisting of about 40 houses, illy 
.built, inhabited principally "by Irish and Germans/very poor to appear- 
ances.- Near this we passed the Swatara, the creek emptying into the Sus- 
quehanna, by which' the boats are to ascend to tho canaL This is a'very 
lively fine stream, containing about as much water as the Passaic at Pater- 
son. During this day's march found more .Americans, Irish and Scotch. 
Tbo country by no means thickly inhabited, and the fashion is here'very 
much to build from the road. • About 2 o'clock we bad by industry per- 
' firmed our march and reached Harrisburg. This town is beautifully situated 
on the banks of the Susquehanna ; consists of about 800 bouses, 2 markets, 
court house and other public buildings, 3 churchci" a number of very genteel 
well built brick houses,. and displays an air so perfectly different from any 
of the towns wo had lately passed, that to use the language of our soldiers, 
wo thought wo had again got among white folks, or Christians. Indeed 
everything wore a different and more agrceablo appearance. "We arrived 
in a storm, and were received by tho inhabitants with the greatest cordiality. 
- Each seemed to vie in offers of accommodations for ourselves arid our' 
horses, and in a very short time, by thch hospitality, all our men were well 
provided with good houses and stables, some gentlemen taking 20, others 
10, and so as thoy could accommodate. Of course we did not pitch our 
tents this night. It had been tho intention of the General, to have passed 
over tho river, fearing a fresh would prevent us in the morning, but he was 

2^ \ assured by tho gentlemen of the town that two clays rain would -effect the 
river but little, and that no possible danger could be before morning. • The 
Susquehanna is hero about one and a quarter miles' wide, bounded by high 
banks, which in a fresh are filled. At a distance, up the river you see the 
gap in the mountains, (called the Blue mountains,) through which it seems 

' , to havo broken. The hills jotting boldly on each side to the river. Below 
tho mountains a fine intervale .country to tho town. Down the river, at a 
distance, mountains tower on each other, and seem to lock in the river. 
The country between rery fine.„ ; Tho river is a roost beautiful clear water, 

.with a stony, though not rough bottom. At present so low that the army 

forded it, and in the deepest not more than 8 feet .Here they take very 
11 no rock fish, and shad in the season. The taverns were much better and 
cheaper than at Reading, in short the situation and hospitality of this placo 
has left the strongest impressions of gratitude on the troops'. This is the 
county-town of •« — — County. ., <■'.:',[.'- 

20th. Orders for marching at 6 o'clock for Carlisle, distant 17 miles, 
made us All up early, and the line of march was taken up early (the bag-' 
gage being o|dored off earlier,) thedroops took to the river and reached tho 
opposite shore in about half on hour. Tho General' moved on and 
reached Carlisle by 2 o'clock. At this place we were received with much 
politeness. The troop of horse came out to meet us ; the company of light 






infantry paraded and did the same; the ' artillery fired a salute and many 
fire* were noticed with pleasure. ■ 

Her7are some rery. fine barracks, sufficient to hold — men, built tat. 
JrS brick, two stories, and -r~ feet, long and ^11 covered. Our • 
£«&3 pitohed their camp near them on fine ground. This ggg 
XLntly situated, tolerably well built, and contains about — bouses . 
£ county-town of Cumberland Co ; has a court house goal, bu.ld.ngs 

r public purees, a market, tolerably well supplied, a ^*g&& ' 
care of the famous Dr.' Nisbet, well endowed and cons.stinj ; o 15 > "holars, 
Churches, many of the inhabitants polite and very much attach d toow 
cause though in the country not so much so, but I here find tbo approach .y 
?£ 53 has had a ver? great influence on the people V It had been the S> 
« i form opinion that our troops never would *9&^&g&&$ 
posers of government-ond indeed the spirit with which they hav turned 
Jut has exceeded tho expectations of its friends. The country through 

31&Sm 58 S s* ° n v rod T s i r kv u td u t r go"* 

very fine white oaks, more, meadows than we had been used tc see good 
tilUge, houses well built o stone, good barns but not very Mjf^% ; . 
ited,. greater mixture cf'|nhabitant S Dutch, Irish Scotch «&»&£ 
ThebeSinformedhere/iinallother parts ore &&*&$$& 
ernment, without regard to the locality of tho>w Here we fell .low th 
a numbi of the militia officers, particularly Gen. Buchanan. • T-o pfflcgi . 
are generally for turning out, but the men are very, oackward owing to tbo y 
mulfitude of scandalous stories imposed upon ^^-%^M^ - 
signing theabsurdity of them, if possible, exceeds those , told in Bcrks^ _... 
County One is that each plough is to pay a dollar, that each wagon go ng 
So PbllodelpbU is to pf a dollar, that for eoch bushel of ****** 
rround 6* is to be paid to tho mill, besides a great var.ety oT such jrtun, 
SuSiifa 'surprising Gcrl Buchanan tells ro*hc has been gMggg 
some good well-meaning men, to know tho truth, they the stones. 
.By such like stories, the ^-federalists in all P^^#WJ 
deavoring to render the minds of tho people sour ond d.ssa hsfled w th the 
covcrnment and sorry I am, that Americans seem so fond of he ,Wea .or 
SSEEgSi chanSng.goiernment, that the flame of a Uratloo , cetob 
with avidity. We are her? led to believe that ^J^^MJS^ 
over the mountain, are disposed to support government, and fflm* 
the law, and that wo shall havo no trouble with them-that thu .ma , b , the . 
case we all wish-that they may return to a m^i^9J' 
would be much more grateful than having to, compel them by arms, 
but unless they do, we most certainly shall try our strength. . 

27t'b. Troops pleasantly encamped ; tho water very bad, being the lime 
stone country,^? men and horses cannot drink it, and I £iWJ 
them will bVick from that cause Thus far the troops have ben remark 
ably healthy. Heaven grant a continuance j they seem very well sausned, . 




much more bo than could be expected. They only wish a resting spell and ' 
then to be led on to execute the business they came upon. I am Btill 
mortified by being obliged r to keep housed with my leg, the wound is much 
worse than weat first imagined, however its on the mending hand. , I have 
not mentioned but in tverj county-town they have a very good market 
house, and in Reading and Harrisburg quit* considerable ones. 

-• ' 28th. This day the Philadelphia horse arrived, about 420 men well , ' 
mounted and equipped. Many of them are young gentlemen of the first 
property In the city. The day was not very" 1 good, stormed a little. Our 

• troops -well encamped. 

Thig day moved my lodgings from the sign of the Indian Queen to Mr. 
Davis'.- At the Indian Queen our landlady was very cross and sulky ; very 
unkind to the unfortunate soldiers and officers who happened to be unwell 
and sought shelter In her house ; Inhumanity and ill-nature seemed her 
chief qualities; they so offended Dr. Smith, my physician, who has been 
with me since we left Reading, and is surgeon to the Jersey Calvary, that 

■ -" Wo departed with pleasure from their roof. N->^ 

20th. Fino day, very hot This day the Philadelphia horse determined 

to begin the business of collecting the gentry of sedition, in which some , 

' volunteers from our troops joined. Theywent out in two or three direction* 
and brought in several of the Pole gentry; ono of them, after being a 
prisoner, used very abusive and provoking language, after which he en- .-. 

/jdeavored to mako his escape, upon which one of tho Philadelphia^ troops 

ordered -him to stop, which ho disregarded, upon which he shot him through 

with his pistol, of which wound ho died next morning. This was rather 

an unfortunate afiiiir as it doubtless will irritate some as well as intimidate 

others, but by misrepresentation it may be mado very bad use of,, and as 

falsehood seems tho forte of the anti-federal gents, there is no doubt but they 

will embrace Hi is occasion' to display their abilities. One of the fellows 

brought In this day was an Irish schoolmaster, who had been a very busy 

fellow in tho ways of sedition; he was very much frightened when taken; 

he had repeatedly said, he would himself blow the President's brains out 

if he attempted to lead tho army over the mountains against the insurgents? . - 

and- much such like talk; he was committed to jaiL Our men were sll^T 

readylo cut hjm up, but a word to the civil authority prevented any Inter- ' 

ferenco. "We 'find a great majority, of the people In this county havo got- 

tho canine madness against government, but our, appearance, has silenced 

them, and given the friends of government an opportunity to show them- ' 

selves, ■'."•' ;', '?, ' ~ ' 

' ■■ ■ 

80th. This day news arrived that the President was on his way to 
Carlisle, and that Governor Mifflin would bo there in two days. Nothing 
of Importanco transpired this day. 

Oct 1st Cavalry busily employed In making provision for the march 
expected, j Foraging parties went out ; and also parties for the collection of 
the polo gentry. . ""* ■ ' . -A, 

cIptaix i-ord's jocrsax. 



Oct 2d. Gov. Mifflin arrived, and was received by all tho horse,' about 
one mile out of town, and- was conducted in. On his' approach to the 
town, he was saluted by a discharge from tho artillery. The Governor met 
the militia officers of the county, and mado a most flaming speech to them , 
on the necessity and propriety of turning out on this occasion. I was 
' unable to ottend it, but am informed it was pretty 'well written and dcliv- 
k cred. Some companies of Infantry arrived this day. 

Oct. 3d Gen. Proctor, 'with a most beautiful train of artillery, a great 
number of Infantry, artillery, and horse, arrived this day, and began to en- • 
camp on the commons. Orders this day for the troops to turn out early 
in the morning to receive the President of the United States, who is expected 
early, paving lodged at Harrieburgh this evening. • > 

4th. Tho greatest vieing between the New Jersey and Pennsylvania 
horse who should bo first on the ground to receive the President At ten 
^o'clock, the signal for mounting came, and away went the horse. The van- 
"guard of the Phila. horse yery Improperly pressed by our troops, and took 
post in front This was considered as not polite by the New Jersey cav- 
alry, more particularly as we were strangers, i The President came on. He 
was.mct by a very largo train of Generals and other gentlemen, and all the 
troop's that could be mustered. • On his approaching tho t'wn, ho was sa- 
luted by a Federal salute, and tho ringing of bells ; and evt./ heart expands 
with joy, except the whiskey boys. They made a passage through tho 
town to the Pennsylvania camp, and after receiving them, he took up his 
quarters in town. He was accompanied by Col. Hamilton as an aid, and a 
small scout of horse. No army ever received him wUh moro.hcartfelt joy 
and satisfaction. I was much mortified that I could not attend the train. 
I was only a spectator of tho cavalcade. - 

6th. The officers of each lino of tho army, with tho Governor of each 
Bute, waited on tho President at 12 o'clock.and were introduced to him, 
and received with that manly dignity which would have won enemies had 
they been there, unless their hearts were as black as their actions. My 
'confinement provented me this lionor, which was a very great mortification. 
* Cth. Nothing miterial excepting preparations for marching for Pitts- 
' burg. You are saluted .from every quarter with tho arrival of troops, a 
great many of whom aro uniformed and well equipped, and in general good 
looking young men. , ; ■ 

7th. Nothing of consequence, ^a ' (j 

8th. General review of the horse from Now Jersey, at a sight of which 
tho President was pleased to express his great satisfaction, and to pass tho 
most flattering commendation on tho spirit and patriotic conduct of our 
SUte. This day I mounted my horso for the first tlmo In eighteen days . 
rode a little, and found it more inflamed. This nignt a most serious mlsfor- 
tune had nearly happened in tho army. From some initial*, Gov. Mifflin 
had, in expectation of a meeting in CoL Gardner's regiment, ordered out 
' ' Eome of tho Phila. light horse/ with orders to fire on any parties of men ; 


^.^ ^ 





which had nearly involved us in a serious battle. It is said thero was se-' • 
rious reason to apprehend a disturbance, owing to a want of regular supply 
of provisions. 4 And it must be owned that the regiment was composed of 
such rascally materials as' to be easily blown into a-flame. Our camp was 
alarmed ; orders for every officer to leave town, and repair instantly to 
camp for every dragoon to saddle his, horse, and dress himself complete, 
lay on his arms, and be ready to mount at a moment's warning. One squad- 
ron, under Major Williams, wero ordered out," and lay on the road all night, • 
with a design to intercept those, if any, who should attempt to desert ; 
, happy, however, it was, that no serious consequence ensued. . Much blamo 
fell on Gov. Mifflin ; he was charged with being in a shameful state of in- 
toxication, arid was obliged publicly, to ask pardon of some officers and 
make that excuse. ' . 

9tb. Genoral orders for marching, and the final arrangement of the com- 
manders, made Gov. Lee, commander-in-chief, Gov. Mifflin next, Gov. 
Howell next, Gen. White commander of the horseln chief. This day was tlw 
first I was able to go out to make any preparations for my camp equipage, 
and I was mortified to find everything engaged, almost, that I wanted. The - 
cavalry ordered to march to-morrow : > • 

10th- The Philadelphia horse, McPVerson's blues and a number of other , 
corps were formed into a legion, to bo put under the command of- Gen. 
Frelinghuyscn, to lead the \$g of the army. This corps began their march . 
; and was reviewed, with a critical eye, by the President They were fol- 
lowed by tho train of artillery, arid were to have been followed by the Jer- 
sey horse, but by some mistake or other the wagons for transporting our 
baggage were not provided. This default was severely censured by the 
President Our march was, therefore, put off until to-morrow. In my ob- 
servation of yesterday, I neglected to mention that a deputation from the 
peoplo from tho other side of the mountains, came^o wait upon the President 
to prevent, if possible, tho march of the troops into their country. This 
committee consisted of tho danjned scoundrel Finley, who most certainly 
was jtho first founder of the opposition to law in the four western coun tic p, 
and of a Mr. Reddick. Tho materials in part were so bad that but little could 
b/cjrpected. The President received them; jcoldly told them he was de»X^ 
tcrmlned to see tho laws executed, if there was energy enough in the United M 
States to do it; that what they said of the disposition of the people to re- 
turn to order did not appear; that ho was now at the head of one of tho 
finest armies ho had ever commanded, and thai he could have as many more 
as he pleased", and Bhqrtly, that ho was determined to march tho army to 
tho scat of rebellion, and told them, if they met with the least resistance, 
h% would not answer for tho consequences. This stern reply seemed to 
discomposo tho old villain, and to please every federalist. Wo have now an 
army from all parts, among whom are a great number of men in "the first 
fortunes in tho ranks. 

11th. This day we paraded for marching; was joined by the Pennsyl- 
vania horse, and after saluting the President, marched on to Mount Rock. 

c;aptacj ford's journal. 


We were, by our delay of yesterday, now put in the rear of all the Pcnsyl-? 
vania infantry and.ihcir Vaggage wagons, which made the raarqti very slow 
and tedious; though not raore than seven miles, we arrived hi four hours, 
and found the ground very good for encamping, but no water to bo had in 
quantities nearer than half & mile j this was a serious want to the cavalry.- 
I rode my horse all the way. 1^ 

12th. Marched for Shippensburg ; the cavalry by themselves. This 
day we passed one of the largest springs, which turned several mills in a 
few rods from its source, and in three miles there was a number of other 
mills. This town is pleasantly situated, consists of about two hundred 
houses, and belongs to the Shippens in Philadelphia, put out on porpetual 
leases, on a moderate quit-rent.' 

lSthi The cavalry themselves marched for Chambersburgb, a pleasant 
village consisting of about two hundred houses, much better built than 
Shippensburg. This town lays on the waters of the famous Conogochcche 
near where it was proposed to have the final seat of federal government, 
and is the county-town of ; has a very handsome court house a 

market and some capital mills, nnd belongs to Capt Chambers, who has 
leased on moderate terms. This town has risen suddenly, not having been 
laid out more than ten years ; here wo found the best tavern we had seen 
for a long time. Capt fhambers was 60 polite as to invite me, with "Gen. 
White's family, to drde with him. 

Uth. Halted this day here, to give the Pennsylvanians an opportunity 
to vote for Congress and Assemblymen. The country down this valley is 
very fine and good. ..• 

15th. This day marched for Thompson's Cove at the foot, of tho range 
of mountains called the North, and thrco miles from Merccrsburg. Hero 
we lay this night, drew provisions, arid made ready to scale the mountains 
in the morning. 

10th. ' Marched, and in one milo be'gan to ascend the mountain, which 
here is very rugged ;and seemed to wind round one point after another for 
three or four miles, until we reached the summit, whenco in every direction 
w^could see nothing but hills and mountains towering over each other, as 
if they were trying who* should get tho highest Wo descended this, nnd 
raised another, and after descending that, got into a small valley called 
Wallace station, where wo found just room enough to encamp, and hay to 
feed our horses, bu t found the most wretched houses and improvements, and 
poverty that we had seen. " *• "' • ■ \ 

17th. j Marched to tho Juniatta, whero we encamped, and found Gov. 
Uifflin with the Pennsylvania troop ; here we had but a poor supply of 
hay and straw; at this place there had been a battlo with tho Indians, in 
Braddock'a campaign, in which they were foiled ; here we had one cf tho 
most merry nights among tho officers, they had on the march. Hero in a 
poor hut, we found a poor child, one month old,' with a head swelled to tho 




circumference of^hrfco feet, an object of real di-iu-ess. A great number of 
officers vjsited the "house, and each presented the mother with a few.' 
shillings. Here we were informed that Gen. Mifflin was determined to. keep 
the horse In the rear of tbeJrifantry, and that we should not go to Bedford 
that day. This was-a great mortification to us 'all, and Gen. "White had 
some sharp words with him on tho subject. .'•..>* 

18th. Marched, and forded the Junictta, about — — yards wide, and 

"three feet deep ; hero the river bends round a point and seems to run three 

or four miles almost directly back. After a march of seven miles, we were 

informed that we might proceed on to Bedford ; this we did with very great 

alacrity, and arrived at sundown. 

10th. Here wo are to stay a few days, and then proceed to Pittsburg : 
distant one hundred miles. This 1 town is not very pleasantly situated ; con- 
sists of about eighty or one hundred houses. 

[Here the Journal abruptly -ends.] 

[ The following Officers of the New Jersey Brigade of Infantry and Artillery, 
marched on the Western Expedition to Pittsburg. • - 

Joseph Bloooaflcld, BrigaJUr-Oen*roJ. ■ 
SV'tlliam Pearson, Brigade-Major, r < 

~" "" FIRST REGIMENT. . .' 

- ukmtl, Davenport-; Maiart, Hunt and •Brooks! Captain*, Fitliian, Tuft. Lncai. ■ 
liiinimct, Downcs, *Beasiey,. Collins, Johnson; LUuUnanU, Daris, B. >Vejtcoat, 
Bi'hop, Toy, 8. Wcstcoat; Ensign*, Jenkins, Rose, How, Smith. 
STAFr— Surgeon,- Dr. Otbbs'; Paymaster, Dougherty; Adjutant, Holllnshead ; . 
■ Quarter-Matters, *lluan, Wriggens; (Jr.-Muter Sergeant, *£5ayres; Sertft-Majcr, 
Y cuniraore. f ' 

M'Oor-Commandanl, Kipp; Myor. Gould; ■'Captain*, Crane, *Minton, Coo] 
Brown, Stull, Miller; t.itutenanl*; Slgfer, Conklin, Blancb, Wodller, Marshal, Oliv 

I ; Mate, Dr. Freeman; A<(jutant,°Lr\<s; Paj/master, r • 
Pelt, <Ji:-Master Sergeant, VavnQj^SergfanLMajcrrpk^ 

*Miirton, Cooper, 
..Marshal, Oliver ; 
BnsljiU, Zabrisklc, Minton, Dcmarest, Van Arsdale, Stausbury. '" t 

8t\tv. — Suryeon, Dr. Chctwood ; Matt, Dr. -Crane, Paymaster, Johnson ; Adjutant, 
Ballard; Qr.-Master, J. Ogdcn; Qr.-Master Sergeant, ilcUcnnis; S*rgea)\t-Major, 
Veils. :* -■— ■ - - . 

'■Colonel, Fonnan, (Senior Colonel in tho-Brigade); Major, E. Ogden; C«piaiu>, 
Schenck, nanlon, Price, Marsh, Beardslee, AfSmtth.Brlndfcy, Lloyd, Squire^ Melick. 
Lieutenant*, Stevons, *llarl, 'Taylor, Gillman, Imlay, Outc'alt, T, "Brown,' C. Phil- 
' lips, Loofbury, Ayrcdj Ensigns, "Stivers, Asburu, Swallow, Brewer, IIuBjDUdiuc, 
Driskoy. - 

Stait.— Surgeon, Dr. Whlttall 
lAwrcnce; Quarter-Master, Van Pel 
Rodger*. Humrawcll. " 


Colonel, Crane- : Major, Ross; Captain*, Burnet, B. Smith, Kceuon, Borland, Dar ; 
LitulrMnU.y?M<:, Gultck, Board : J'ntioni, •Burrill, "\Wckoff, •Stille, Doty, Ray' 

Staff.— Surgeon, Dr. Morse; Matt. Dr. J. Hoisted; Paymaster, R. Thomas; Ad- 
juhint, Lyon; ^ua/^r\J/arf<T, .Hendricks; Qr.-Master Sergeant, Lawrence J Sergeant- 
Major, Jaqucs. > . 

- -. ARTILLERY. ". • ' • 

Captflin Qmimandant, Elmer; Captain, Conlicld ; Lieutenants, Ilerrican, Slrin^rr, 
Campbell; Quarter-Maeter and A(l/utant, dunnj Qr.-Master Sergeants, •Ponriu, 
and Ptorson.- • i ■ J • . > 

William Dayton. Paymester to the A'ete Jersey Line; Samuel Robert Stowart, 
Brigade Quarter-Master, Aaron Howell, Cofriuctor Military Store*. . , ' 
Tnoae marked * engaged in the six months sen-ice? '''.*• 

NT" The march of Major Parrot and Porter witlfthe residue of the Offlccrs'and 
Soldlor* In requisition was arretted on the 14th October, 1794, by tho Secretary of 
Yf^r, under tho order of the President of the United States.— W. A. W.] 
> » ■ •• 


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■'; ;'i .i 

■ - Ti '■ 
■-::. ". »-%ii 


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Mtio Mttm 1 lisiflrital 3ic«i£ 

IW ^ X7 fi| ' ...' -"XT' n 

- - VOL. Vlii. , _- ...-_:. j ,1858, JNo. 3. 

• - - -■■'■--■■ '■ : -•' .". ..;■.; ,.,-..,;.-;,/•- q & 

."■ ,7^aEW>s, January il ; 1858. .- 
The Historical Socnmr met in tho CLtyHall to-day at 12 M., the Pres- 
ident, Hon. Joseph 0. Hqehblowib, bShe'Cluir.//{ v - t~ ,V- •) tj 
Tho Eecording Secretary, having read tho mihuics of the last.meeh'ng, 
' the ^rrtspotlflence slnte'May ^ was suhmltted "by th^ConrespondtrigiSecre- 
tary, comprising letters from the Historical IjSocletlesjof Connecticut, iHori- 
t5a tod -Wisconsin ; "the Regents of the TJnrveTsfty of New York j 5 Am'fcrican 
-PhfloBopbJcal Society; from Bon. J. V. *L. Preyn, ,'ot Albany, acknowTedg- 
teg hli election as to Honorary Member ; Archer -Gilford, Esq., and ether 
gentlemen. - 

. •'..'; : .••■"•,: •'■ " ■ ' *■ ' ...'' '. ' ":.:o'J oilT 

The Librarian announced the donations sinco tho last meeting, nujnbering 
58 volumes, 108 pamphlets, tod 8 maps. . The whole number of bound 
.yolomes belonging -to . the Society \% now 3,181| **& of pamphlets 3,069— 
exclusive of duplicates^ ' .(1..!: 

The' Treasurer reported the balance In .the treasury to be |2«3.27, 
1 only $59.27 of which were the.general purposes of the Bodety. 

. Tho Executive Committee presented their thirteenth Annual Beport, in 
which, while they congratulated Jibe' Society trpon the. progress made In 
achieving the great object of the organization, they commented upOA the 
necessity for. devising means whereby the treasury might be replenished, 
tad Jfit» eealoos coropenitlon of "theTn'em'berB'be mCTeefiicroiDy secured j 
^! 1 <rtWbitteft'miicb'of whstervet neglect of the'teterests o^the AsiocitfiBh 
1ti$Ak ^inpartn^ <t> ^he difficulty «ttendteg tn'e fitheringbrii rjwnm of 
- ; tho : Hjfecuthe t>onimitte^*4rom the tnembtrs of h beteg icmttertd onf fl» 




St*te. Nothing had been done towards the erection of the fire-proof build- 
ing for the Society's occupancy, nor had any change been made in the site 
secured for it ; nnd they drew attention to the recommendation made on a 
former occasion, that steps should be taken, to procure from the English 
archives such' statutes and journals of the Provincial and later Assemblies, 
as might bo necessary to complete the set in the possession of the State. ■ 

r Rev. Dr. MuaBAr/from'fho Committee on Publications, reported the issue, 
since the last meeting, of another number of thfe ?' Proceedings" containing 
the operations of the Society from September, 1836, to the present time, with 
much raluable additional matter'; and jhat-the Fifth Volume of the " Col- 
lections," containing the Analytical Ind'ex'tfr-theJDplonial Documents, was 
about being put to press.""* *■%/>', • .-'*^f- -.'"-. \ ( /; ' 

;> t-< r> r i *-*' \ ;'-W - ■'• J if ;*■• '. V '■ ■ finf* 

■» 'Several members, previously nominated, were elected on the recommend- 

. »ation of the Nominating Committee, and new nominations received. 

The Chair appointed Messrs. R. S. Field, P. S. Duryee and "W. L. Dayton 
a Committee to nominate Officers for the ensuing year, and named the 
i&Upwing Standing Committees for 1858 : . '— ; 

On Publication— -Bev. Dr. Murray, k 3. Field, "W. A. Whitehead, Dr. 
B. H.Pennington and Henry W. Green. . v , ..■''. 

' ~OnPurenate*-'W. A. Whitehead, Dr. Isaac S. Mulford, S. Alofsen/S. 
H. Congar and Rev. Dr. Davidson. ; r .'' . p-Z 

■On Statistic*— Dr. Lewis Condict, J. P. Bradley, John Rogers, Dr. Ste- 
phen Congar and Dr. L. A. Smith. . .' •• : "... 
On Nominations— David A Hayes, Peter S. Duryee, President McLean' 
i . \ Committee en Fire Proof Building— -Hon. D. S. Gregory, - Peter S. Dur- 
•yee, BTS. Field, W. P. Robeson, John Ohadwick, Cortlandt Parker/Jacob 
D. Vermilye. 

Tho Committee appointed to nominate officers subsequently reported the 
"following, who were' thereupon duly elected for tho ensuing year : ' 
Praident—Josxpu 0. HoasBtoWER,JLL,D. /** 

VlM.Pfetidehtt^Jiasm Parker, : Wm. A: Duer, LL.D., Wini L. Day- 
ton, LL. D. 

; Corresponding Secretary— ¥m. A. "Whitehead. 
Bewrding Secretary— David A." Hayes. , 
Triaiurer av^TJAbrartan — Samuel H. Congar. '■ 
::• Extevtiw Committee— Archer Giflbrd, Nicholas Murray, D. D., Dudley 
8.'<3regory, Henry W. .Green, "Win. P. Robeson, Richard S. Field, Rev. R. 
R> Rodgers, Wo. Pennington, Peter S. Duryee. ■ 
1 i,r"l-*rf , ;'->-v-'' i !-■..- .• vie . , . , .-, . [y ■ - -• . • 

, f; Tho Special Business, being an amendment to the first By-Law proposed 
at thilwt meeting by Rev. K. E. Rodgers, was then taken up : the purport 
of the amendment being to leave It optional with the Society to hold the 
.annual meeting at Trenton or eUewhere// After a discussion, in which the 





"' ■ MEETKO IX TBEXtON. • 91 

Rev, Dr. Murray, Hon. Wm. L. Dayton, Judge Robeson, the President, 
Messrs. Haven, HammDl and "Whitehead, participated, the subject, oumo- 
. tion of Dr. Murray, was indefinitely postponed. . 

Pending this discussion, the Society adjourned for dinner. 

8 o'clock, p. v. 
On the Society's re-assembling, Mr. 0. C. Haven presented to the Society 
a photographic copy of a Print, contemporary with the event, representing 
the triumphal arch erected by the ladies of Trenton in honor of Washing- 
ton; on his passage through the place in April, 1789 ; and exhibited a pho- 
tographic copy of the original note, (now in possession of a descendant of 
the lady who received it,) which was written by "Washington at the time. 
The note is as follows : 'J* 

• " General Washington cannot leave this place without expressing his 
acknowledgments to tho Matrons and Young Ladies, who received him in 
so' novel and grateful a manner at the Triumphal Arch in Trenton, for the 
exquisite sensations he experienced in that affecting moment, • The aston- 
ishing contrast between his former and actual situation at the same spot — 
the elegant taste wiui which ft was adorned for the present, occasion — and 
the innocent appearance of the wMte robed choir, who met him with tho 
gratulatory song, have made such an impression on his remembrance, as he 
assures them will never be efiaced. . 
Trenton, April 21st, 1789." . 

Mr. Eaten also made an oral statement of some facts which corroborated 
what he had published in a pamphlet form, relative to the importance of 
the engagement which took place between the Royal and Continental forces 
on the Assanpink, which had been in a great measure overlooked by histo- 
rians. • - •• '• \ 

Mr'. Whitehead read "A brief statement of the tacts connected with tho I 
Origin, Practice and Prohibition of Female Buffirage in New Jersey.". ' 

Rev. Dr. H^ll, of Trenton, read some extracts from a historical paper, 
-containing statements referring to the plans for establishing at or near 
Trenton, the seat of tho Federal Government, which had engaged the atten- 
tion of the old Congress, prior to its location on the Potomac; with other 
matter relating to the condition of the site of Trenton at an early period. 

: Mr. Field, on rising to move a vote of thanks for, tho interesting Items 
furnished by Dr. Hall, expressed his regret that the researches of tho gen- 
tleman had not been prosecuted farther, so as to Bhow by what means the 
location was fixed on the Potomac, and proceeded to give an interesting 
statement of the intrigues by which New England, to secure tho assump- 
tion of its debt by the General Government,' was brought to consent to" the 
transfer of the site to the place as selected by the South. Alexander Ham- 




■ ■ 

" ' * '■ I JJ |I IM1 ' 

$2 J - ' meeting w tbekton. '■■■?' 

a ton being the chief promoter of the scheme in order to insure the fending 
' of the debt, which the Sooth wu unwilling to accede to- unless some equi- 
valent was granted, and Mr. Jefferson's dinner table, being the coun cfl board 
around which the plan was arranged. ' 
The motion of thanks to Dr. Hall was seconded by Mr. Duryee, with 
' some remarks referring to the information given by Mr. Field, and adopted. 
The President stated that it had been his privilege, when a lad, to be pres- 
ent in the old Congress when sitting' hi New York, at the time when' the 
subject of the location of the seat of the Federal Government was under 
discussion, having accompanied his father, who was a member, and that bis 
recollection of many of the speakers was very vivid" . 

Mr. Whitehead called the - alien tion of the Society to a paper which he 
was about to read, which had been prepared by the Eon. Jajoa Parker, 
which indisposition had prevented that gentleman from presenting in per- 
son. Although complete in itself, it would have been rendered more valu- 
able had the intentions of the venerable author been carried out, from the 
perscjal explanations and uTustrations,' which his thorough acquaintance 
• with the subject would have enabled him to give. -T • ! : # 

Mr. WnrrnrtiD then read «*A Brief History of the' Boundary Disputes 
between New York and New Jersey," and accompanied the reading with 
some oral statements relative to the manner in which Staten Island had 
been absorbed by New York, and also of the nature of the dispute respect- _ 
ing the northern boundary, exhibiting a map upon which the lands acquired 
by New. York were delineated, and also, for the inspection of the members, 

_* large collection of original manuscripts, from his' own library, connected 
with the proceedings of the Commission, by which the northern boundary 
was settled, as it now is, in 1789. . The paper of Mr. Parker attracted much 

. .attention, and on motion of Hon. Win. L. Dayton, it was 4 
Be»oh«a\ That the thanks of the Society be presented to the Hon. Jam 1 es 
Parker, for his valuable paper upon the subject of . the Boundary Disputes 
.with New York, jmd.fliat he be requested to furnish the Society with such 
additional details respecting the several Commissions as may be in his pos- 
session. '■ ~. : • - 

Judge p^rolr remarked, in substance, that the settlement of the north- 
ern boundary, = whkh had been particularly explained by Mr. Whitehead, 
was a matter which; had not only affected the relations of New York and 
New Jersey, but from its having made a great change in the position of the 
northwestern corner of the State, had necessarily effected the interests of 
both tiie Eastern and Western Proprietors and of those holding lands under 
them, as It necessarily occasioned a material change in the direction of the 
line dividing their respective lands. . It was therefore a matter of grot im- 
portance to a largo number of land holders, and particularly to members of 
the bar, that all possible light should bo thrown upon the proceedings of 
the Commissioners settling the boundary, as well as upon subsequent and 



preceding events; and suggested to Mr. Whitehead the propriety of enga. - 
ging In the required examination and eoHection bf the various document! 
and authorities hearing upon the'subject. ? 5 & - •'--'-' L • 

Chief Justice Grkex, in behalf of Miss Leake, presented copies of the. 
correspondence between Colonel Mawhood, of the British forces, and Colo- - * 
nel Hand, of the American army, proposing to the latter to surrender and 
each man to depart to his borne, &c, dated in Salem county, in March, 1 773. 

In view of the low state of the Treasury, it was 

Eesohed, Thai the Treasurer be requested to. address a special circular 
to the members of the Society, drawing their attention to the condition of 
the treasury, aadjequesting them to respond more promptly and regularly 
to the demands upon them for annual dues. - 

The 8ociety then adjourned to meet in Newart on the third Thursday - 
ofMaynext T ' ■ , ' 



: ■. • _ 


j 1 

', i '".'■- v . . : 

i Announced Jakvabt 31st, 185$. 

■ .• . -'..-- -'-i .'-' r 

From the Amer.Thil. Society— Transactions" of .the Amer. Ph&Jioeiety, 
held at Philadelphia, for Promoting Useful Knowledge. Vo£ XI,' ' New 
Beries. Parti. • 
Proceedings of the Amer. PhD. Soc Vol VL January-June; '1857, - 

NO. 07. 

From the Smithsonian Institution — An Account of the Smithsonian Insii- " 
tution, Hs Founder, Building, Operations,'etc. ByW. J. Bheea. 
.' Tenth Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian In- 
stitution, showing the Operations, Expenditures, Ac., to 'Jam 1658-rend " 
of the Board to March 22, 1856. % • 

■ Eleventh Annual Report, Bhewing the Operations, 4a, for 1S55— and 
Proceedings of the Boardto Jan. 88, 1857. . 
Smithsonian Contribution to Knowledge. VoL IX 

From the American Antiquarian Society— Proceedings of the A A. Soci- 
ety in Boston, April 29, 1857. 
Proceedings at Worcester, Oct 31, 1857. 

From Eenry Bond, M. R, the Author— -Family Memorials, Genealogies 
of the Families and Descendants of the Early Settlers of Watertown,' 
Mass., Including Waltham and Weston— with tho Early History of the 
Town ; with Illustrations. Two Vols, in one. . ' 

. -/' 





.Fhwn Benjamin C. Taylor, D. D. t - the Author— Annate of the Classis of 
• Bergen, of the Reformed Dutch Church, and of the Churches under its 
care ; including the Civil History of the Ancient Township of Bergen, in ■ 
New Jeroey. ..... 

. From Jonathan F. Euntington— The Genealogy of the*Brainard Family 
in the United States, with numerous Sketches of Individuals. Bv Rev 
i Darid D. Field, ,D. D. , . '~ 

From Gen. J. WatU Be Puytter, the Author— The History of the Life of 
iLeonard Forstenston, •« The Argus-Eyed" Senator of Sweden. 
• , Commissary,. Wilson's Orderly Book. Expedition of the British Pro- ' 
vincial Army, under Gen. Amherst, against Ticonderoga -and Crown - 
Point, in 1759— also valuable Pamphlets. •. .._..'■.' 

From John V. L. Pruyn— Papers.relating to' the Island of Nantucket with 

i Documents relating to the Original SetUement of that Island, Martha's • 
Vineyard, and other Islands adjacent, known as Duke's'County, while 
under the Colony of New York. Compiled by F. B. Hough, from official 

. Records. - v^ " ~ 

From Franilin B. Eough, U. D.—K collection of Pamphlets on various 
subjects. , ;. . 

From Em. J. L. Sibley, Librarian if Eartard— Catalogue of the Officers 
- and Students of Harvard University, for. 1857-8. 
From W. A. Whitehead- Journals of the Proceedings of the Annual Cori- 

IX? m l^SrS^i F^* 1 M™* in New Jersey, for the years - 

■05- 55- 57. '., i . ~, ;; -- •- 

■ Report, ofthe i Decision of the Supreme Court of the United States in 

the case of ,Dred Scott-with thirteen other Pamphlets. 
From the Commissioner of PatenU-V*l ea t OfflcfiReport for the year 1856 
■*31m 4 » **«»M»«~Beportaontie Alleged Corrupt Com- : 

binationsof Members of Congress, with the foments of the Parties 

Implicated, Feb. 19, 1857. ' ^wues 

F ^MIM W $*£7*'po lla of Explorations and Surveys for a Rail- 
road Route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. 
eiSo^^rHndt- !£* theUnitedStateswithallFo, 

Fourth Meteorological Roport of Prof. James P. Espy.- '! 
^Obituary Addresses on Occasion of the Death of Hon. John M. Clay- 

Patent Office Reports, Speeches, Ac 

*Z Ssi rfSri^ A ^r 0bltuai7 Addressea ° n ** ***** or 

on SSSffiSS wS^ * the SeDal ° ° f Te -> N - ™> ™> 





From' the Superintendent— 'Report of the Court.of, Surrey for the year-j 
r 1W5. ■. -. n , \ir...::t j - 

From the State of Nev> Tori— Catalogue of .New York- State i Library.'— : 
i Vol 8. , Report on the State Cabinet and Documents relating to the Co- 1 
, lonial History M the State of New York, 'VoL VIII.v 1768-1782/; 

From the New Tori Eistdrieal Society— Collections of the N. Y.'Hist'So- 5 
-ciety.;. Second Beries. .Vol 8.; Parfcl. r.l857.iv>". Vx'^Yil ' &.1.T ^*Jjp 

From the Connecticut Eittorieal Society— TransactionaJDf the'Cbhnecticut "• 
--State Agricultural Society for -the year ; 185 6^-with the' Reports' of ihe ! 
- County Societies for the same year. ■ ■ j^S *JJ Ci M*g*q 

t ■ "Forty-First Annual Report of 'ihe Directors of American' Asylum, 'at.' ' 
•Hartford. '■' • 

s ; ; Minutes of the General Association of Connecticut— J dnej 1857— with" ♦ 
an Appendix. .... • (; ._ ; N,: , , : rkj*yo 6 djoi 

From the MaineEistoric'al Society— Collections of the Society. Vol. P, 
■ From the State Eisterical Society of Wi*con»in-r-¥.ixst and Second Annual 
Reports and Collections of the State Historical Society. History of Wis- 
. consin. Vol. 1 : Historical. VoL 2 : Documentary. By Win. R. Smith, 
•President of the Society.. . ,.,.,,.,,: . ■'• 

Wisconsin Gazetteer, for 1853. *# i)«itaav»/w ;.•..>..- i i<: uvM 1 
General Acts passed by the Legislature of Wisconsin in 1854-5-6 ; 
Private and Local Acts for 1854-5-6 ; Journal of the Senate and Assem- 
bly of Wisconsin, with the Appendixes for the years 1854-5-6. 

The North-Western Journal of Education, Science and General Litera- 
ture — three numbers. ........... ... .,. 

Transactions of the 'Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, for 1852 
and 1853. ._ ' • 

A collection of Public Documents and Pamphlets relative to Wisconsin 
From Mr. Davit, New Tori — Map^of the Original Grants of Village Lots 
from the Dutch West India Company to the Inhabitants of New Amster- 
dam, lying below the present lino of Wall street, , By David Valentine, .. 

! c. c. c, n.y. ' ''•-■' •' ' r : 

^Frorn E. B. Lambert— Map of Milford, Connecticut : Shewing the loca- 
tion of the Home-Lots of the First Planters, and of the residents in 1855. 
By Edward R Lambert. i ■ ' 

From the? Publishers — Tho Historical Magazino and Notes and Queries con- 
cerning the Antiquities, 4c, of America.' Vol. 1, 1857. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register and Antiqua- 
rian Journal. VoL XI, 1857. i ' " ' ' ' 

4 .; 

Since tho last meeting, m May, at - Newark, tho additions to the Library 
have been 68 Volumes, 108 Pamphlets, and 8 Maps. , The wholo number 
for the year is 91 Volumes, 183 Pamphlets. Tho usual contribution from 

. _^- 




the Department of State of the United States, if forwarded, has not been 
received. , This would hare added to the bomber, probably,' some forty vol- 
umes, and though the attention of Members of Congress, in part, has added- _ 
to the T&lue of the Society's collection, yet there are many volumes of Docu- 
ments which will not be found on its shelies should the usual donations 
from the Department be withheld, j The- whole number now belonging to 
the Society if aboat 2181 Volumes, $069 Pamphlets— exclusive of Dupli- 
cates. The Weekly State Gazette and Republican, of Trenton ; the Amer- 
ican Democrat and N. J; Intelligencer ; New Brunswick Fr edonian ; Prince- 
ton, Press ; Hunterdon County Democrat and Somerset Messenger, are the . 
only papers In the State regularly forwarded to thalinrarhn.* ..The pah- 
liters of theao are. entitled to the thanks of the Society— also, the State 
Historical Society of Wisconsin, for its large contribution. If the publish- 
ers fit the ether paper, s in this State would imitate these, poasihlft At some 
time In the future, the filet' in possession of the Society might bo seraceahle 
to them, when their own, with their presses. and offices, disappear in a con- 
flagration; '""'• .'•"%,. \ " ■ 
SAMUEL H. CONGAB, Kb. IT. J:&ft. Society, 
• - ■' . : > ■ :/: ; ... ■•: m ; . --■• -.■ * . . 

- ■.•-. ■ :-.:/; • .'., ; I : ' '•" :-'-•■ 

■•■ . - ■ :-•■ ■ ..•••.• . ■ ■■:•■ 

• The "Sentinel of Freedom^" the weeldj p»p«r of the Nowir* D»Uj Adr«rU«r v U pru«T?4 for 

the Society, bj the Proprietor*, end presented In bound Toluffii*. 

". --si £1 

I ' ! I 

, . .' ■ "J : " ... 

■.:.■ : .-. 

-- ■ -' 


■ '■.'-•'■'"'. 

1 • v"!p!tt*iri <&Uttt*. 


JANUARY 81, 1858. *"' 


'Mosss Btoelow, iffwar*. , 
Bsr. SiiniiL A. diw, Elitdbeth. 
Rkt. Jobs P. Pejobt, Npwk, 


Wishwotok Ibtwo, Tarry toun, N. T. 



tbeasuber's bbport. 



I ft* ' : 

ill "II lis ' 

3*3fi :t: ; 

.4 llll 


CO c 

CO o 

to 5 


. .. 

: : :£ .: ': 

• ■ * • s • • 

: : :*§ :• : 

• .. •» ...... 

: • : r • • ' 

• • • * t— • • 

If • ' 

: c ;,; 

i & 
z. •*.- 


'■ ■''-.'- -••».. --. -r^ 

Lam betobjs the Socott, Jaotart 21st, 1858. 

From A rctier Gilford. Eiq. - * 

, - Newark, January 20, 1858. 

Wm. A. Whitehead, Esq., 

Corre*p.StJy,ifN'. J. MU. Society. ■ 

Deih Sir— At the last annual meeting of the Society upon a statement 
made by me from Committee on Biographies, as to progress in preparing a 
sketch of Dr. Peter Wilson, I was requested " to submit to the Society a 
paper embodying the facts collected." It would afford me pleasure to com- 
ply with this resolution, but this would he impossible from the nature of 
those facto and the manner in which they have been collated, .without con- 
densing them in that form which they will have when folly prepared. 
They consist- chiefly of letters received in frequent correspondence with 
those who. were either his co temporaries or his relatives of the next gene- 
ration, and who were in possession of Papers, or gave the information, as 
generally known to bo true In the family of Dr. W. Letters received from 
the Principals of the College of Aberdeen, where he received his Collegi- 
ate education and of Schenectady, N. Y., to what it was said he was once 
nominated as President and where he received his LL.D. i A brief Bi- 
ography published in one of the Dutch Ref. Church Magazines, some years 
ago, said to be by Be v. Dr. Brownlee-but the most important, an Extract 
from the Minutes of the Legislature during the years from 1776, when hie 
was first chosen member of the Assembly from Bergen County to 1782 and 
afterwards In 1788 when he was appointed to revise the Laws of N. J. ; 
theso I have endeavored faithfully to copy out, as they contain much to 
show the true character of Doct. Wilson as a Patriot, Philanthropist and 
Scholar, especially In connection with certain letters which you had receiv- 
ed from Albany; and obligingly permitting me to .copy, the originals of 
which I learn you have since been allowed to present to the Society. Those 
Becords and - letters evince much of those traits of liberal feeling, prompt- 
ness and decision of character, which the events of that trying period call- 
ed for.— In my collections there are incidents which appear to have covered 
every period of his life from youth to manhood and old age, which he at- 
tained in the full possession of his faculties and with the bodily health re- 
sulting from the temperance and frugality he had ever exercised. I cannot 
forbear giving yon an incident, and some of his habits,' Which show the rug- 
ged health he must have enjoyed through life,. They are communicated in 
one of the letters I received from a distant relation of Doct, W. " In his 
younger days (says my correspondent)" he was'a great pedestrian and 
when the Legislature broke up at Trenton, at the time he was a member, 
he was asked how ho proposed returning to his home, (Hackensack, Bergen 
County,) he replied, he thought he should walk. v He did so and reached 
home at about noon (?) of tho day he Btarted. I have also heard my father 
relate that during tho "War of tho Revolution, under a peculiar exigency, he 
travelled on foot in a single day a distance of 70 miles. He was very fond 







i f ^ gMdto ^y°^^* nd ^t^ye*«sddomtook^ vehicle if - 
S&ffi?* ffi«««a ■*»* *. down or aOmilea. A little allowance 
should be made for my correspondent's faith in ,the Journey from Trenton 
to Hackensack, .for his want of knowledge of \he Geographical disUrT 
whichwould v hav« .made the Doctor a walker against time, at the rate of 7t 
least 120 miles a day/as distances were measured in those days by the old 
winding roads, and before the improvements by turnpikes, Ac 

rwi*^? g *?• ma J l€rialS I **" lD m 7 1*»*«H there are docu- 
. ments which I have learned may yet be procured that'wfl] throw male light 
upon the events of the Revolution in which he-bore a conspicuous port, and 
if received after the work is finished would he cause of great regret as thev 
would not only afford higher estimate of his work and^cTbut "fled 
much of mterest upon our early History. As you have had opportunity to 
know something of the rough materials in my hands, if. you had leisure to 
be better acquainted with them .'you : would not wonder that I should be 
desirous of procuring still more for, so eventful a life as that of Doctor Wil- 

Very truly and respectfully, Dear Sir, yours,' 


■ . ' | f 

'. ' . •;•■■■ / i . 


_,...., Jwpssls a Mw\ StototmrJ), 

. . • 

I ..-■. t COLONEL HAND. . ;, •' ■ 

Presented by Miss Lwi, of TrentoD. i ' 

Kh'mv 111 * 'onowtoa PropooJf ar« »ire*dj In print In JohmoVi Hhrtoric*! Account of Bolcn, p. IM: 
but the annreref Colonel Hand. It ii thought, ha* not before been printed. '. •*_"•.. 

•••'•''' ;.'•':■,' 

. " Colonel Mawhood.'commanding a Detachment of v the British Army at " 
Salem, induced by Motives of Humanity, proposes to the Militia at Quin- 
tin's Bridge and the neighborhood, as well Officers as private Men, to lay 
down their Arms and depart each Man to his own Home; on that Condi- 
tion, he solemnly promises to re-imbark his Troops without Delay, doing no 
further Damage to the Country, and he will cause his Commissaries to pay 
for the Cattle, Hay arid Corn that have been taken, In Sterling Money. , 

If on the Contrary, the Militia should be so far deluded and blind to their 
true Interest and Happiness, he will put the Arms, which he has brought 
with him, into the Hands of the Inhabitants well affected, called Tories,- 
»nd will attack all such of tho Militia as remain in Anns, burn and destroy 
thoir Houses and other Property, and reduce them, their unfortunate Wires . 


W 3 




- * tu.imm . Anfl to convince them that these 

GirenmidermyHtnaatlietavjuaro™, ^^MATTHOOD, ColonA" , . 

■ ■': 

J ; «StfmondKeesby, Salem. 

- fho rn** Sinnicksou. ' ' 
WbHton Crips, near Salem. 

Ebcnezer Howell, Salem. - 

Edward Hall, Mantagton. 

: JohnBowen, Salem, -.- ■ . ^ 
-. N ^bm^Ihompaoh, Haynea Neck. 

, Gsdrgs Trenchard, Penu's Neck. 
'-■■•• EJJjah Cattle, near Sakm, « ; - 

Andrew Sinnickson, Peun's Neck. 
v Nicholas Skene, Salem. ' 

Jacob Hufty, Blacksmith, ■ ■ . 
Benjamin Holmes, Bataburg. 
William Shute, Piles Grove. - 

Anthony-Sharpe.'"^ ~" "' 
Abener Penton, Upper Aloes Creek. 

to iSS. " 1? would hare given me anch **^.^£&£ 
HmnJ^bad been the Lin* of Conduct, to f^Sg **<» you hare 
comTto Salem. Not only deny tag Quarters, but butchering our Mm, who 

Thursdav and bayohettfog^esterday morning at Hancock's Bridge, in tne 
mES* SSS coU [Blood/Hen who were taken by Surprise, tea 
SSlfe toSff W«WV could nor did V^J^SSSSSS^ 
&£**** of whom wer* not fighting Men, ^M^^*™*** 
£&• to Sato and! hop. for yoo to hear. The brav. JMJJS 

to make a Request, whichl think you •w^.d^^.^SSJ 
wlih?Y<>u*Prcws»L that we ahoold lay down our Arms, we.*bsolutoly 
Xa.' X m harTtokan them up to maintain Righto, which aredenrer to 

ed our Cause with VIctory,.or like many ancient Worthies «£*»** J* 
Hfcrty, w* meet with an honorable Death. You mention, tha*, ftjgg *', 
jcct your Proposal, you will put Anna Into the Hands of ih«Toriea*«ain«t 

BaiTISH ARMY IS salxm corsTT. 

: ".101 

us. We hare no Objection to the Measure, for it would be Avery good dee 
to fill our Arsenals with Arms. . . Tour Threat towantonly-burn and destroy 
" our Houses and other Property and red u ce our Wires and Children to Beg- 
gary and Distress, is a Sentiment, ■which my Humanity almost fbfbhJa me 
only to recite, and induce* me to imagine that I am reading the rruel order 
of a barbarous Attfla, and not of a Gentleman brave, generous and polished 
with a genteel European Education. To wantonly destroy will injure your 
Cause more than ours. It will increase your Enemies and our Army. To 
destine to Destruction the Property of our most distinguished Men, as you 
have done in your Proposals, is in my Opinion u n wor thy a generous Toe, 
and more like a rancorous Feud between two contending ' Barons, than a 
War carried on by one of the greatest Powers on" Earth against a 'People 
nobly struggling for Liberty. A Line of Honour would mark oat, that 
these Men should share the Pate of. their Country. If your Arms should 
be crowned with victory, which God forbid, they and their Property will be 
entirely at the Disposal of your Sovereign. The Doss' of their' Property, 
■while their Persons are out of your Power, will only make them desperate, 
and, as I said before, in crease- yon >' Foes and our Army ; and Retaliation 
upon Tories and their Property is not entirely out of our Power. Be as- 
sured that these are the Sentiments and determined Resolution 'not Only of 
myself, but of all the Officers and Privates under me. My Prayer it, Sir, 
that this Answer may reach you in good Health and. great Happiness. r ' > 
: Given at Head Quarters/nt Qumton's Bridge, March «9dVlY7fc? '"-■'■'; 

To Ct Ma whood, Colonel. 

ELIJAH HAND, Colonel."' 

• r.3 vascj 





. • v 



. • : . ricrs cosxectid wrra the okiolh, Fniimcn axd yBomBmox or 

'■'-, »"' .raux.8 surraAOB a xxw /trsxt. 

- • iv."':' ' . . > . •• • 

■■>;■ ' i »— — l 

■ i. Bead before tho Socktj, January SI, 1658, by Wflliam A. Whitehead. 

By the Proprietary laws, the right of euffrage in N-cw Jersey was «r- 
■prcssly confio ed to the free men of the province, and, in equally tajflfck 
terms, a law passed in 1709, prescribing the qualifications of eiftctora, roo<- 
'flried-thepriTHege to male freeholders, having one hundred acres of land in 




it • ~^. -(.m nr worth fiftv pounds, current money of the province, in • 
Xr P ^°^and JurTng 2 whole of -the colonial period these ; 

" ffigggSSBSSffi. «, l^the elective franchise was j£ 
ferSl upon M .VAaHftinti of this colony, */ >H «£ who are worth .fifty 
' Sun^ proclamation money, clear estate in .the same, and have retried 
KSS3 in which they claim a vote for twelre months immediately 
Preceding the election ; and the same, or similar language was ****** 
Afferent acts regulating elections until 1780 ; but 1 haye not discovered any 
'£55 ttoiwdi-of the right by females, under an ^re^on 
Vhicb the full import of the words, -ell inhabitants," was subsequently, 
thoueht to sanction, during the whole of this period 

In 1790. however, e revision of the election law -then in force was pro- 
nosed, end upon the committee or the Legislature,*© whom the subject was 
referred was Mr. Joseph Cooper, of West Jersey, a prominent member of 
the Society of Friends. As the regulations of thai society authorized fe- 
males to vote in matters relating thereto, Mr. Cooper claimed for them the 
Uke Privilege in matters connected with the State, and to support his news. 
- ouoted the provisions of the constitution as sanctioning such a course, - It . 
: was therefore to satisfy him that the committee consented to report a bill in 
which the expression, "he or she," applied to the voter, was, introduced 
into the section specifying the necessary qualifications ; thus W legis- < ; 
laUve endorsement of the alleged meaning of the constitution. Bull, no 
cases of females voting by virtue of this more definite provision arc on re- 
cord and we are warranted in believing that the women of New Jersey then, 
as now, were not apt to overstep the bounds of decorum, or intrude where 
their characteristic modesty and self respect might be wounded. ■ 

This law and its supplements were repealed in 1797, and it is some proof 
that the peculiarprovision under review had not been availed of to any ex- 
•tent, if at all, (as its evil consequences would otherwise have become appa- 
rent) that we find similar phraseology introduced into the new act The 
right of suffrage was conferred upon « all free Inhabitants of this State pf^ 
full age, &c," thjus adopting the language of the constitution with the add^ 
tton" of tho word "free," and "no person shall be entitled to vote in any 
other township or precinct than that in which he or the doth actually re- 
side, &c," and in two other places is the possible difference in the sex of the 
voters recognized. • . 

, The firaf occasion on which females voted, of which any precise informa- 
tion has been obtained, was at an election held this year, (1797) at Eliza- 
bethtown, Essex .County, for members of the Legislature. The candidates 
between whom the greatest rivalry .existed, were John Oondit and William 
Crane," the heads of what were known a year or two Jateras the ."Federal 
Republican 1 ' and "Federal Aristocratic" parties, the former the candidate, 
of Newark and the northern portions of the county,' end'the latter .the can- 
didate of Ellxabethtown and the adjoining country; for the Ctooncu, ; ; ; %w 

W S Mi 



.the impression that, ihe, candidates would poll nearly the same number of 
votes, the Elizabeth town leaders thought .that by a bold coup, d'etat they 
might secure the success of Mr. Crane. At a .late hour of the day, and, as 
I have been informed, just before the close of the poll, a number, of fomalea 
were brought up, and under the provisions of the existing laws, allowed to 
vote ; but the manoeuvre was unsuccessful, the .majority for Mr. Oondit, in 
the county, being 93, notwithstanding. These proceedings were made the 
topic of two or three brief articles in the " Newark. Oentinel, u in one of 
which the fact that "no less than seventy-five women were polled at the. 
late election in a neighboring borough," was used as a pretended argument 
for the admission of females to office, and to service in the diplomatic corps ; 
while another ironically asserts that "too much credit cannot be given to 
ih& Federal leaders of Elizabeth town for the heroic virtue displayed in ad- 
vancing in a body to the poll to supporHheir favorite candidates." ■ 

So discreditable was this occurrence thought that, although another 
closely contested election took placode following year, we do not -find 
any other than male votes deposited then in Essex County, or either 
there or elsewhere, until the Presidential election of 1800, between Mr. 
Adams and Mr. Jefferson, at which females voted very generally throughou t 
the State ; and such continued to be the practice until the passage of the 
act positively excluding them frpm the polls. ' At first the law had been so 
construed as to admit single women only, but as the practice extended, the 
construction of the privilege became broader and was made to include 
females 18 years old, married or single; and even women of color. At a 
contested election in Hunterdon County, in 1802, the votes of. two or three 
such, actually electing a member of tho Legislature. : It is remarkable that 
these proceedings did not sooner bring about a repeal of the laws which 
.were thought to sanction them ; but that event did not occur until 1807, 
and it is noticeable that, as the practice originated in Essex County, so the 
flagrant abuses which resulted from it reached their maximum in that county 
and brought about its^prohibition. ■ r , . 

The circumstances.attendant upon this event afford abundant matter for 
a most interesting chapter of local history, which I am happy to Bay has 
been written by a member of the Society, (Mr. James Ross,) and will bo 
communicated before long, I trust, for insertion in our Proceedings. But 
.the scope of this paper merely calls for a statement of facts. These are as 

In the year 1806 a new Court House and Jail were to be erected in the 
county of Essex. Strenuous exertions were made to have them located 
elsewhere than at Newark, which had been the county town from a very 
early period. Sufficient influence was brought to bear upon the Legislature 
to secure the passage of an act (approved November Bth of that year) au- 
thorizing a special election, [at which "the inhabitant*", of the county, 
." qualified to vote in elections for members of the State Legislature,". 60., 
were described as the qualified electors to determine by their vote*' where 
the buildings should be located. Tho contest caused a great excitement 


—" — 


rautE sCTnuoE rs new jebset. 

throughout the county, and, under the existing laws, when the election tos 
held in February, 1807, 'women of " full age," whether angle or married, 
possessing the required property qualification, were permitted by the judges 
of election to rote. 1 But as the conflict proceeded and the Wood of the com- 
batants waxed warmer, the number of female voters increased, and ft wa3 
eoon found that every single and every married woman In the county was 'not 
only of "full age," but also "worth fifty pounds proclamation money, dear 
eetate,"and as such entitled to vote if they chose. . And not only Once, but as 
often as by change of dress or complicity of the inspectors they might be able 
to repeat the process, • . -*.'■. 

; This was not confined to any one precinct but was more or leas the case 
In all, and so apparent were, these and many other frauds that the Legisla- 
ture at the ensuing session did'not hesitate to set it aside as having been il- 
legally conducted ; and, by repealing the act authorizing it, left the build- 
ings to be erected in Newark, to -which they legitimately belonged. • And, 
in order that no future occurrence of the kind should take place, an act 
was passed, "{approved November 16, '1807,) the preamble to which is as 
-follows: ' ;, • *- ■' .'■-" -' '■[ ■ • i ',' 

'**■ Whereas'doubts nave been raised and great diversities in practice ob- 
tained throughout the State in regard to" the admission of aliens, females and 
persons of color or negroes to vote in elections, as also in regard to the 
mode of ascertaining the qualifications of voters in respect to estate : and , 
whereas it is highly necessary to the safety, quiet good order and dignity of 
the State to clear up the said doubts by an act of the representatives of the 
people declaratory of the true sense and meaning of the constitution, and to 
ensure its just execution in these particulars according to the intent Of the 
Aimers thereof :. Therefore," <kc 4c. 

, This act confined the right of suffrage to/r« white inale citkens twenty- 
cno years of age, worth flfty*pounds proclamation money, dear estate? and 
disposed of the property 'qualification by declaring that every person other- 
wise entitled to vote whose name should be enrolled on the last tax-lists for i 
the State or county should le considered as worth the fifty pounds, thosjby ' 
legislative enactment determining the meaning of the constitution and Bet* 
Ulng the difficulty. The few remained unchanged until (he adoption of the 
new constitution' it few years since, which instrument is equally restrictive 
as to persons who shall Vote, and removes the property qualification alto- 
gether, i 

Ywj reoeatiy'a refusal to respbrid to a demand "for taxes legally imposed, 
was received from a distinguished advocate bf " Woman's Hights" in one of 
the northorn counties ; who gave' as her reasons " that women suffer tax- 
ation, and yet have no representation, which is not only unjust to one half 
■•f ttwaidlt population, but is contrary to oar Theory of Goverhmenf *— 
and that whdn the attention of men is called to the wide dificrcnco between 
. ihiirtiiebry of government and its practice in this particular, that they can- 
oot'failto bco the mistake (hey now make, by Imposing taxes on : women 


■ naiALE suttraqb is nxw jebsev. 


when they refuse them the right of suffrage.* 'J 

Similar arguments were.advanoed by a sistelf of Richard Henry Lee, in 
1778 1 when, if ever, they were calculated to receive due consideration 
yet the distinguished Virginian did not hesitate to show the unreasonahle-' 
. nesa of the demand ; in the course of his able answer remarking that, (set- 
ting aside other motives for restricting the power to males) "perhaps 'twas 
thought rather out of character for women to press into those tumultuous 
assemblages of men where the business pf choosing representatives is con- 
, ducted'! And as it Is very evident that when in times past the right was, 
1 not only claimed, but exercised in New Jersey, it never accorded with pub- 
he sentiment ; so it may be safely predicted that, as was' the case in 1807 
" the safety, quiet, goo/order and dignity of the State," will, ever call for its 
explicit disavowal in "times to come. ■ ','",■', 

' . ! '." . " ---,■•■•• • '--■■'■ 

' • The followim tetter contain* the aentlmen'u referred to In th» lext- 

J^Jt^T^* '*^ <^««»' ""-En^jed I return m*^m^M^SS^% 
rjT„^ ; ft ' 'A^' ".T" ,Uffer Ux * ti P n « * n<1 Jtt "*'• no reputation, wSch U not 
only unjust to one half the adult population, bulla contrary to our theory of fowmofflL Wrl 
yean tome women hare been payln* their UxeeWler protejt. bat itlli tare, are Imooied 'ani 
repreaentatlon to not fronted. The on]* coune nlw left ui to to rtfuM to l^ fl* taxTw?k™» 
well what the Immediate rwuU of thUre^uialmu.SbeT™ H*Ux. W. kao,, 

But we bellere But when the attention of meW u called tothe wW difference between' their 
theory of forernmenl and lu practice. In thto patenter, that they cannot fan to a eTthVauSid 
toey now max* by Imposing taxe. on women, while they reftue them fee rigf* of auffrate, and 
that the «n.e of Jurtlce which to In all tood men. wUl lead them to cSrrectll "The^wVihaa 
cheerfully pay our taxet-not UU then. ■-,':■ k. r T 

. .■:: V .. = r . r :. v. ... ,. BevectfuUr. , ...._ , . . ' Leer Bro«. \ 

t Bee Washington National Intelligencer, for Oct, U, 1357, and rilltorl'cal'aUfailne-VoL I, 


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B* P0I». XlSlES FABXElU ' . .' 

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Lfel' iiiii it : '• il 

Bead before the New Jeraej- Historic*! Society, January Sl„ 1858. '. 
Tbegranttf theDukeof Yorkto Berkley and Carteret forNewJer. 
set dw^ibwtnitferrltOTj'HS 'VAnth^ tract- of land MJ^nttoNew 
England in the -parts of America and lying and feeing to the Westward of 
Long Island and Manhattans Ialand and bounded on the East by the main 
j^Awtpert by Hudson's River, and hath upon the- West Delaware Bay 
or River, and extended* Southward ta the main Ocean, a* far as Gap* May 
at the motttH of Delaware Bay and to the Northward as, faras the Northern- 
most braach of the said Bay or River of Delaware whieh is on* and forty 
degrees aid forty mmSitts of Latitude^ and" crossing overthence in a straight 
line, to HndstJa River In oneand forty degrees of latitude, which said tract 
of land is thereafter to be called by the. name of Hew Cesarea or New Jea> 
say with all the landX Islands* Soyles,, Rivera, Mine* Minerals, Quarry's* 
1 Woods; Marshes, Waters, Lakes, fishings, Hawking* and Huntings and all 
the Royalties, profits Comodities and Hereditaments: unto- the said prem- 
rises belonging or appertaining with their and every of their appurtenan- 



' Staten Island was included in this grant, but the possession was, forcibly 
withheld from the Proprietors of New Jersey and it was annexed to the 
royal province of New York, The Northern boundary of New Jersey, as 
granted, extended from the latitude of 41 deg41, on Delaware River, to the 
latitude of 41 deg. on HadWs River. Commissioners appointed by the 
King of Great Britain fixed the station point on Delaware River In latitude 
41 deg^ 81, thus cutting off 20 miles of the Territory from New Jersey aadj- 
annexing it to the royal province of New York. -»> -Z*rf 

In both instances the contest was between the Crown of Great Britain 
and the Proprietors of East New Jersey. The Territory was lost to Now 
Jersey and ^Tew York was the gainer. After the Revolution, New York 
claimed as heir at law to the King, what New Jersey had lost 

The State of New York, not content with the acquisition of Staten Island 
and the Territory cut off from the northern part of New Jersey, under- 
took to cl aim exclusive jurisdiction and" property on the Hudson River to 
high water mark on the Jersey shore,' and when citizens of New Jersey, own- 
ers of Paulus Hook (now Jersey City), eommenced'making improvements, 
and building wharves for their accommodation, the State Of New York, by 
its corporation of "the City of. New York, brought suits at law in the New 
York Courts against our citizens, barrassing all who attempted to to make 


or use wharves, and using all means in its power to prevent improvements 
on the Jersey shore., . 

Under these circumstances, the Legislature, of New Jersey in .1606, ap 
pointed Aaron Ogden, Alexander 0. McWhortcr, "Wm. 8. Pennington, James 
Parker and Lewis Conduct, Commissioners, to meet Commissioners on the 
part of New York to settle the boundary and jurisdiction between the States. 
The Commissioners appointed by New Jersey met those appointed by New 
York at Newark in 1807, and all endeavors to affect a settlement having fail- 
ed, the conference was broken np, and the Commissioners for. New Jersey 
reported to the legislature 80th October 1807: that after long, discussions 
'" all attempts to procure an amicable adjustment proved entirely abortive.;* 
they add—" Your Commissioners hope that the Honorable the Legislature 
will not disapprove of the breaking np of further conference, after it had 
fully appeared that the commissioners on the part of New York had resolved 
not to depart from their claims over the whole waters lying between the 
respective States, including shores, roads and barboura within the natural 
territorial limits of New Jersey." A more full report is to be found in the 
minutes of the Legislative Council of 1807. ' 

The aggressions of New York were continued, to the great injury of the 
citizens of New Jersey, ' owners pf property opposite to ti?' city of New 



In 1818 a- proposition made by New Jersey offering to appoint commis- 
sioners to agree with commissioners to be appointed by New York, to make 
a statement of facts relative to the controversy, to be submitted to the de- 
cision of the Supreme Court of the United States, where the question of 
boundary and jurisdiction might be fairly and justly decided, was unnoticed 
by New York and unanswered. ' 

New York having by her silence declined a' judicial decision of the mat- 
' ters in controversy, the Legislature of New Jersey in 1824, in the hope that 
an amicable adjustment of the differences might be made on the principles 
of compromise and mutual concessions, without agitating the questions of 
right, upon which former commissions had disagreed, passed ah act for that 
purpose ; but the time limited by the act was suffered to expire without the 
Legislature of New York passing a corresponding law on their pari 

In 182 (fan attempt was made under the sanction of the Mayor of New 
York (Philip Hone) to enforce the pretensions of New York by causing the 
arrest of Capt. Cochran, commanding a foreign vessel Striving at Perth Am- 
boy, for landing passengers at that point, Capt. Cochran was taken to New 
York and lodged in prison for a pretended breach of the laws of New York. 
The Deputy Sheriff of Richmond county who made the arrest, was hhnself 
soon after arrested at Perth Am boy, and lodged in the jail- of Middlesex 
county, and subsequently indicted for serving process within the jurisdiction 
of. New Jersey. 

In the same year (1826) upon an informal intimation of the Governor of 
New York, (De Witt Clinton) to the Governor of this State that; if the time 



specified ia the actof 1824, for the appointment of Commissioners by the 
respective states were extended by our Legislature, commissioners would 
be probably appointed by New York. The Legislature of New Jersey pass- 
ed an act to that effect, which .was tardily met by the Legislature of the 
State of New York. 

The Commissioners now appointed by New Jersey were Richard Stock- 
ton, John Rutherfurd, Theodore Frelinghuysen, James Parker^ and Lucius • 
Q. C. Elmer. V • "'' 

They met the Commissioners appointed by the State of New York at 
Newark, and at an adjourned meeting in Albany ; but all propositions for 
an amicable and just settlement were frustrated by the New York Commis- 
sioners. It was not intended by them, o^hj those who were their advisers 
at Albany, that any settlement should be made. As a proof of this, while 
our Commissioners were in Albany, a bill was passed and subsequently be- 
came a law declaring the boundary of New York, to extend " along the west 
short at low water mark of the Hudson River, of the Kill Van Kull, of the 
Sound betweerrStaten Island and New Jersey and of Ran tan Bay to San- 
dy Hook." T - f 

All attempts to settle the just claims of New Jersey having failed, a suit 
was Instituted in the Supreme Court of the United States for that purpose. 
The" result was a third appointment (in 1833,) of Commissioners on the part 
of the two States, consisting of Benjamin F. Butler, Peter A. Jay and Henry 
Eeymour, on the part of New. York, and Theodore Frelinghuysen,- 1 James 
Parker and Lucius Q. C. Elmer on the part of New Jersey. • 

These Commissioners met at Hoboken, and at last an agreement W£.a made 
16th September 1888, 'establishing the boundary .between the two States as 
follows : — u . The boundary lino between the two States of New York and 
New Jersey.from a point in the middle of Hudson river opposite thd point, 
on the west shore therefromTat the forty-first deg. of north latitude, as here- 
tofore ascertained and marked, to the main sea, shall be the middle of said 
river, of the bay. of New York, of the water between Staten Island and New 
Jersey and Raritan Bay, to the main sea, except as hereinafter mentioned.' 1 
These exceptions applying to the Islands in New York bay, which were re-sX,' 
talned by New York, - and other small islands previously undef New YorlrfY 
jurisdiction, s New York was also vested with power to enforce her quaran- 
tine laws and laws in relation to passengers over Now York bay and" the 
Kill Van Kull; and all disputes and difficulties between the two States were 
adjusted and settled. ' The agreement was ratified by both States and ap- 
proved by.Congress. ' 

■- New ; Jersey has been deprived of Staten Island by the King of England, 
and Of nearly 400,000 acres of territory on her northern boundary : " all 
which is possessed by New York Our right lo tho waters which wash our 
shores, secured by the revolution in which we boro our full part," had been 
disputed byour powerful neighbor for years, to our great damage, until at 
ast acknowledged by the agreement of 1833; Jersoy City, Hoboken and 



other places— the whole northeastern portion of the State,'whose growth and 
prosperity had been retarded and prevented by. the aggressions of New York,- 
have, since 1883, increased in population and wealth. 

Our rights, valid in themselves and by public law, are now. at last ac- 
knowledged, and it behooves us to maintain them unimpaired. A lodge- 
ment by our ambitious neighbor, for any purpose; and upon any pretence, 
however specious, must be denied. . It would be the first step towards fur- 
ther encroachment. Let New Jersey take care that it be not taken, e The 
Empire State as she proudly calls herself, has room enough for all her purV 

pOSeS. ; ; • 

The following article from the Newark Daily Advertiser, for Feb'y.'llth,' 
J 868, is appended, from its connection with the foregoing.— 

Staten Island. — A student of geography, inspecting an un tin ted map of 
the States of New York and New Jersey, would undoubtedly presume, from 
its peculiar Tposition and the configuration of the adjoining country, that 
Stater Island was a part of the latter State ; and were he to be directed to 
seek the line of demarcation between them in the original grant by which 
the acknowledged proprietor of the tract which then embraced both States 
set off the portion, thereafter •' to be called by the name of New Cesarean 
or New Jersey," he would be confirmed in bis opinion by finding that line 
made to run " to the westward of long Island and Mankitat IilanJP) not to 
the westward of Staten Island) ; the tract being bounded on the'east " part by 
the main sea and part by Hudson's river." Should he then, after being en- 
lightened as to the actual state Of the case, refer to the date of the grafat 
' and find it contemporaneous with the earliest settlement of this portion of the 
continent by the English, and that it was subsequently confirmed on vari- 
ous occasions within tho" succeeding ten years, as well as thereafter, both by 
the Duke of York, the grantor, and Charles II, the source of the 'Duke's 
title ; he would naturally be led to inquire in what way did land lying vest 
of the designated line, and bo repeatedly guarantied to New Jersey,' become 
included within the limits of New York? 

Mr. Parker's pertinent paper recently read before the Historical Society; 
rightly answers the question in the brief sentence, H the possession was fos- 
cibly withheld from the Proprietors of New Jersey" — the •" higher law" of 
might, overriding all investiture of documentary right in those unable to en- 
force their title. To place some facts, not generally known, in the posses- 
sion of those who may feel an interest in the subject, Is the purpose of this 

The first purchase of Staten Island from the Indians Was by-Michael Pauw; 
the same active energetic Dutchman who secured like favorable sites for fu- 
ture towns and cities on the western shores of New York bay> and whose 






same is perpetuated in the more euphonious title of " Pavonia," recently re- 
■ vired and applied to a portion of the tract This was in August 1630, and 
seven years afterwards, for a due consideration, Pauw'B territorial rights 
were all secured by the West Indian Company ; and subsequently, as late 
as 1 6CVthe rights of other settlers were also extinguished in the same way. 
Such was the state of the tide on the arrival of th e English and the sub- 
jugation of the Kew (Netherlands in 1664 Acquired and held in the same 
. way as tracts upon the main land, Staten bland passed like them into the 
hands of Governor Nicolls, as the representative of the Duke of York, gran- 
tee of Charles II: and with the 'lands west of " Achter-Kol" did the Island 
pass from the Duke of York to Berkley and Carteret, under the grant be- . 
tore mentioned ; being included in. the tract west of Manhattan and Long 
Islands, bounded east " part by the main ocean and part by Hudson's river," , 
and as part of that tract possession of it should have been as readily acceded 
as of Ahasimus, Hoboken, Pavonia, Bergen &c 

But the student o! New {Jersey history needs not to be told of Nicolls' 
hostility to the transfer to Berkley and Carteret, and of his views respecting 
its relative value to the remaining portion of the Duke's possessions, deem- 
ing it to t-nprehend, he ssys* 4 all the improveable part of your Royal High- 
nesses patent, and capable to receive twenty times more people than Long 
Island and all the remaining tracts in your Royal Highness his patent," and 
•it is well known the pertinacity with which he sustained the legality , of his ', 
grant to the EEzabethtown settlers, made subsequently to the transfer of 
New Jersey to Berkley and Carteret, was one of the prolific causes of diffi- 
culty and dissensions in the province in after years. • ,};..! 

Cfbvernor Carteret on arriving in 1665, was thus met on the threshold of 
his administration by the hostility of rGovernor Nicolls, and by -the asser- 
tion of a titles derived through him, to the very soil Upon which he landed 
by express authority from that Governor's superior ; and with the increase 
of population came so many disputes in bis immediate vicinity, and tares so 
various and weighty, that all his attention was engrossed without embarking 
on a.crusado to secure possession of Staten Island. «ven had the requisite^ 
force been at his command. Notwttbatahdingi therefore, the repeated recog-~ 7 fl 
nitiou of the original grant and its explicitly defined boundary line, authori- 
ty over the Island continued to be asserted and exercised by the New York 
officials: although it is doubtful^ at first, they intended so to do; for Sam- 
uel Mavericke, in August 1648, thud speaks of the grant to Berkley and Car- 
teret. ; « Ithato taken away some Dutch villages formerly belonging to this 
place and act above three or fours mflar from it : the Duke hath left of bis " 
patent nothing to the West of New York, and to the East upon the Mayne 
sboutalxtsen miles only from HudsOns .River, whereon is hot one poor evil. ' 
lage. Long Island is very poor and inconsiderable, and beside the'cltty 
there are but two Dutch townes more, Sopus and Albany." Staten Island ., 
was too important * settlement to have been so entirely overlooked had it 
beai regarded as * component part of New York/ But Carteret's troubles ■ 




at home, his 'withdrawal to England, and 'the Bubsequent recovery 4f£be 
country for 'a limited time by the Dutch, -ate sufficient reasons why actual 
possession was not secured by the authorities of New Jersey. 

On the re-establishment of the authority of the Duke of York after the 
- temporary occupation by the Dutch, no hesitation was manifested In' confirm - 

. ing -the rights of •Carteret by new grants, dated July 28th, 29th, 1674 : but 
confiding the ■government of New York to Andre*— than whom the oolon- 
ies never were plagued with a more unscrupulous -upholder of presumed 
prerogatives, and asserted rights or privileges— the -difficulty of getting 

' what had not been in actual possession during the administration of 'his 
predecessor was greatly increased ; and it is not surprising that hit let- 
ters, land those of his coadjutor Collector JDyre, should at last have ell cited 
the following from Sir John Werden, the Duke's Secretary : - :i '■ 

M Though email matters are hardly worth ye notice especially where Sir 
George Oarterett himselfo is concerned!; (for whom the Duke hath much es- 
teeme and regard,) • I doe not find yt ye Duke is at all inclined to lett goe 
any, part of his prerogative wich you and yaur-.predtcesi'ri hate all along 
conitanfy aturttd in hislehal/t; and soe, though at present in respect to. 
Sir <Jeo ; we soften things .all we may, not to custurbe his choller (for In 
truth the passion of his inferior officers sbe far infects iilm as.puts'hlm on 
demands wksh he 'hath -noe' colour of right to) 1 I verily believe ih<nild hit 
fooU chance to dtp, those who succeed hun must be content With lesse civil- 
ity y'n we ahew him iniy'» point, «lnce y'njwe should exercise yt Just Au- 
thority his R'le High'ss hath without !sucn reserves, as though intended but 
favors now, may, if confirmed, redound too much to je prejudice pi jour 

wgSB&; ■■'.:." 1 i &\ !; ; S-m '■.''■■■■>■<■ 

Although this ..'communication may have refen^. more particularly. to 
commercial privileges, yet it woifld certairily .have -redounded " too much to 
. the prejudice^-of the , colony. p have relinquished .their hold , upon Staten 
Island, and so it '. continued from year to year In. their .'possession; but there 
are abundant proofs'that the right thereto was. not relinquished by the Pro- 
prietors of East Jersey. Xady Elizabeth /Carteret, as 4 executrix 'of , Sir 
<3eorgei under date ofltarch 28, 1681, Instructed Secretary ,&>flen / axnre&s- 
ly «-'to lay claim to Beaten Island -as belongiqg to us, 'according to !hia Royal 
Highnesses grant,;"" and in July .following Governor- Carteret not only made 
a formal demand to have the Island surrendered to him,- but Informed Lady 
Elizabeth, of' the 111 success attending it, .(".Although,'' rb.o.'aayt Maa'juuch 
your Honour's due as any other part of the ( province'^ with a vJew,to,hav- 
ing the subject definitely settled while Andros was in England. . So.ln 1684 
the Duke's Secretary sJludesto those " who"broach,8ucb tanceys as may dis- 
turb (he quletf oTjossesrion , bytTsland, , \Mlnimioal,tothe puke, for, *»y» 
hfi,lSUten Island without doubt belongs toyeDuke, "for if .Sir George C*r- 
teret had 'had 'right Ao it that' would ha ve long. since been d*Urn>lned"-r« 
potent, argument, very similar to 'others more tban.ooce advanced since : be. 
-<auae the jpoiltic-n ofihings agreed with the views. of the people^pf ^New 

Yorkj^tyas' necessarily right. .. . - jf 

1 Governor Dongajyto whom the above argument was addressed, was no^ 


112 - STATE* ISLASD. ; 

backward in improving the intimations thus thrown dot, AS to one way, &1 ; 
least, jn which to ingratiate himself with his master. Sir John Werden was 
therefore soon -notified that ."the. Quakers making continued pretences- 
to Staten Island disturbed the people," and friendly suggestions were made 
that V if the Proprietors (of East Jersey and West Jersey) would rightly con* 
rdder it, thoy would find it their own interest" to relinquish not only Staten 
- Island but— ell New. Jersey, to swell the importance and to add to the pros- 
perity of New;YoTk;-rthe quintessence of bis argument beingf what is in . 
use Jn pur day—" lo be short, there it an dbtolu te necessity those Provinces 
• be annexed."- ...:- . . •. . 

• But it is unnecessary to pursue the subject farther. ! In the language of the 
Commissioners of 1828, "New Jersey has always embraced every fit op- 
portunity of asserting the superior validity of her claim, and of endeavoring - 
to obtain possession." Her representations, however, bare either been un- 
heeded al together or treated with very little of the consideration their impor- 
tance merited. :! Only once during the Colonial Era— so far as the writer has 
dis«>Ter«f-rwarany attempt made to hare the claim adjudicated, and that 
was in 1704, when a formal application was made to' the. Privy Council of 
England for ah examination Into the rights ; of New Jersey. Thematter was 
referred to the Board of Trade then to sleep the sleep of oblivion ;— and 
after the revolution, the adjudication of the question became still more dim"-, 
eult Thus was the possession wrong at first, and being continued against 
the constant and 'earnest remonstrances of New Jersey, the injury became 
greaterwith every year ; but at last in order to secure peaceable occupancy 
Of the waUrt of theState, the New Jersey Commissioners in 1828 agreed 
towaive our rights to the island, and in 1833 the boundary between the 
States was permanently fixed as at present ' • •;;. ' 

This Is not ; the place, tor has the writer the ability, to discuss the legal 
points involved ; the reader will find them lucidly and forcibly presented in 
the Report of the Commissioners of 1828 to the Legislature ; but It may safe 
Jy be asserted that the State of New York derived no territorial rights afthV 
revolution which the Province of New York did not properly and legally 
hold." Therefore, in answer to a remark of a New York Journal that. New r 

* <l la mftnHf<M<-U K l AH « A jn 1. 1.11 . .1.' - r_J 

Jersey "is needlessly alarmed" in relation to the proposed annexation of a^fT 
part ofher soil to New York, that "New York Is no longer a colony depend ( 
dent on the King of England, but a Sovereign State and will keep faith with 
her sister Stalest-it may be said that the fact ofber no longer beinjr «•« 
colony dependent upon the King of England" gave'her no authority to ap- 
propriate to herself to her Independent state thaVwhich did hot belong to her 
beibre,-4ndepenaence did not make her generous.'; Butwasithot the^a^ 
of NewYorkUat interfered with citizens of New Jefsey'in the use of their 
own ^watersf Waslt not the tftofcofNewYork that prohibited the privfleee 
of piloting vessels into Sandy Hook by Jerseymen until it Was confirmed to 
them by sot of Congress? Was It not the State of New' York that placed 
he- western boundary allow water mark on the Jersey shore t and was, ft 



not the " sovereign Stale" of New York that so long turned a deaf ear to 
the appeals of her " sister State" of New Jersey to act in good faith towards 
her? no : independence did not make her generous. If she wants Sandy 
Hook let her first restore Staten Island. . G. P. 

%* It was not thought advisable to break the continuity of, the text by 
introducing references, but if any one wishes to examine the subject more 
thoroughly, he is referred to "East Jersey under the Proprietors," pp. 
180, 316, Ac— "Grants and Concessions," pp. 688, 687; East Jersey 
Records, A p. 2; Brodhead's New York, pp. 202, 208, 098, Ac; O'Oal- . 
laghan's New York ; New York Colonial Documents, vol III, pp. 105, 174, 
'240, 858/852, Ac., and the Report of the Commissioners of 1828, deferred 
tointhetext , .<-■ .o ..M-r/u..,., 

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I. "Nzwabk, May ^Oth,' 1858:' .". 

The Socutt met in (heir room in the Library Building, in accordance 
with the By-La wb. The President being necessarily absent from the city, 
the Hon. Dcdlet S. Grzgoet was called to the chair, and the minutes of 
the last meeting were read by the Recording Secretary, Mr. Hates. 

The Corresponding Secretary; Mr. Whitehead, submitted the corres- 
pondence of .the Society since the last meeting. . Letters were laid upon the 
table from Mr. Fred. Kidder, of Boston, communicating some information 
of an old lady named Deborah Smith— originally Tooker— 96 years of age, 
living at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, who was born in Elizabethtown, and re- 
sided there during the Revolution, whose reminiscences were valuable ; — 
from Col. James D. Graham, U. S. A., transmitting copies of his reports 
upon Harbor Improvements on the Lakes, Commercial Statistics, &,<:., - 
from the Hon. Washington Irving, acknowledging in appropriate tejms ac- 
ceptance of honorary membership, and from Rev. S. A. Clark, acknowledg- 
ing his notification of his election as a resident member — from Miss* Sarah 
Smith Stafford, of Trenton, forwarding for the cabinet of the Society, apiece 
of the old Continental frigate Alliance, and a piece of a flag used on a ves- 
sel of war during the Revolution ;— from the Secretary of the Interior and 
the Hon. J. R. Wortendyke, relative to the public documents of the; United 
States intended for distribution to Libraries ;— from the Regents' of the 
University of New York, transmitting the public documents of that State 
for 1857, to be deposited in the Library ;— from Mr. Henry Clark, of Ver- 
mont, and other gentlemen, upon the affairs of the Society ;— and the Sec- 
retary reported an interchange of letters and donations with the Historical 
Societies of other States, the importance and interest of the transactions of 
the Society being recognised and duly appreciated throughout the country^ 
among all connected with historical researches. 

The librarian, Mr. Coroab, announced donations received since the last 
meeting, numbering 88 volumes and .62 pamphlets; the total number of 
volumes in the library' being now 2210, and of pamphlets 8121. 

As Treasurer, Mr. Conoar reported $364 08 on hand, $188 of which 
belonged to the Building Fund. . ■ 

Dr. S. H. PnnnwoTOM, from the Committee on Publications, reported that 

—— — ^ -;— 

• - . . 


the' 6th volume Of the Collections Of the Society is about to be published, 
and they had the pleasure, with 'their report, to 'submit a few copies of the 
work for the examination of the members. The in tcntion and scope of .the " 
werk' having been frequently nlluded to In various reports, the Committee 
deemed it Wnneoefesary to say -anything In 'its commendation at the 'present 
time BtfTO to reiterate their belief that, it will be found of great interest and 
TaTte'try-all fccttnectea JvKhTNew Jersey," and particularly by those engaged 
in any historical researches. . The Btate of the treasury being such as re- 
quired 'the tost 4>Tth& volume to'be' met out of the proceeds of Bales, 'the 
Committee hoped that 'the members would generally and promptly supply 
themselves with copies, - 

Nothing having yet been done towards furnishing the requisite funds for 

'the purpose, no progress had been made in preparing for publication the 

: Newark "^'Town Recoras, n ,which,'by a resolution of the Society, wfll corn- 

pose fh$ next volumeijf its Collections. "The Committee will be ready to 

■proceed wtfhtt so soon as the means are provided. . 

Another cumber of the Proceedings of the 'Society is in the hands of the 
printer. It will contain all the transactions to the present time. 

Mri WMTtHEAD,'frorh the Committee' on l*iircbases, reported Terbjhly, 
that the condltion'bf the Treasury had not wwrau'ed any ■expenditures for 
books during the'last year, . The members, "however, were requested to no • 
tify the Committee of any rare works or pamphlets relating to the history 
oftthe State as they 'might hear of, In 'order that some endeavors ^mlght be 
/• made to secure them by jexchahglng bthers ,fbr them. " ' Alarge nlimber /of 
- interesting nutnufcerftrts referring '^o New' Jersey, Were now for sale In rTew 
York, in the : pbss6ss1on of lir./O. B. Norton, which some of thcinemhers 
might .perhaps feel disposeito obtain for the Society. , A donation of the 
kind would be yaj acceptable, as a portion of the papers were of a Char- 
acter similar to those received by the Society a year or so since from' Vir- 
ginia, being the original petitions' and other communications to the' old Pro- 
vincial Congress. How they 'had thus become lost. to/the'Stateho could 
not explain. • , 

Mr.DuBTii,'-fr6m 'the : Committee onthe Tiro Proof Bufldrirg, reported 
(hat to progress had 'been made 'in securing the necessary funds, tnd for 
the present it would seem that the Society "must be 'satisfied with fhetact 
that the aetfrable site secured tor the e&flce^lncreadngln'vtfue^early. 

Hi. HA-ns,:from tho Committee on Nominations, reported favorably upon. 
soveral gentlemen whose names were referred to them'attbe'laat meeting, 
and they were thereupon 'duly elected by ballot, and other nomination? 
wcelred. ■ ■•' * 

On motion, it was 

. : , • - • ' 

I - 





JSet$h>«d, That the selection of the time and place of the September 
meeting be left with the Executive, Committee. 

Mr. Dcrtsb, in view of the exposed condition of the .Library, and the 
great value of the Society's .collection of . manuscripts and rare works, 
thought it very desirable that pending the erection of a fire proof building 
some exertions should be mode to obtain a fire proof room as , a depository, 
and offered the following resolution,' which was adopted : • : , , .• -. '-* , 

Resolved, That the Committee pjn the Fire Proof Building be authorized 
to procure, if possible, some suitable fire proof room as a depository for 
theLibraryi ' . '•/ • • ■,.;}.•. 

Mr. WairsBXAn rose to make a correction of some importance, in relation 
to the portrait prefixed to the Papers of Governor Morris, publiahedas the 
fourth volume : bf the Society's Collections. . Having been entrusted with 
the preparation of the volumefor the press'by the Committee on Publica- 
tions, it was deemed a fortunate circumstance that he should have found 
among some 'miniature sketches in his possession, by John Watson, one 
endorsed by'the artist himself, "Lewis OoL Morris," and with the approba- 
tion of the Committee it was engraved and inserted in the volume, with the 
remark, in the preface, that it was presumed to be a copy, as Watson was 
not known to have painted in America prior to 1715, when Mr. Morris must 
have been older than he was represented in the picture. .^ '. 

Some months since he was bo favored as to secure the possessiop of a 
number more of "Watson's sketches, and among them, very much, to his 
chagrin, he found one endorsed " Old Col. Morris" — and, from its appear- 
ance, its unquestionable authenticity, and, moreover, the marks of the old 
Governor's character observable in the picture, it was' evident the head of 
h is son, Lewis, had been engraved instead of his own. Mr. Whitehead 
presented both sketches for the examination of the members, bearing the 
original endorsements of the artist , . 

He considered it necessary thus publicly to make known the facts, inas- 
much as Mr. Bolton had been permitted to use' the plate of the Society to 
illustrate hia History of the Episcopal Church in Westchester County, New 
York, and other parties, without the consent of the Society, had copied it 
to illustrate a small History of New Jersey, since published. The error 
consequently had. been more widely disseminated than if it had been con- 
fined exclusively to the volume in : which the portrait originally appeared. 
It was for the Society to determine if any further action was necessary to 
correct the error than the insertion of his explanation in the printed pro- 
ceedings of the Society, • .;," : r -.:. ', 

After some conversation, in wHch Drs. Smith and Pennington,. Bev. Dr. 
Davidson, and Messrs. Whitehead and Alofsen participated, it was on mo- 
tion of the last named gentleman, "5 ...,-., ,...,,.;, 

Resolved, That so soon as the. funds of the Society wQl warrant the ex- 
penditure, the Committee on Publications be authorized to have the recently 






discovered likeness of Governor Morris engraved, and to place a copy at the 
disposal of each subscriber for the volume containing his papers. • 

Mr. Alofsen presented a copy of the Historical address delivered at Al- 
bany, on Thanksgiving day, by the Bev^ Br. Sogers; Dr. Taylor's Annals 
of the Classis and township of Bergen; and the History of the American 
Flag," by Schuyler Hamilton ;— all three of the works having interesting^ 
manuscript notes appended. Mr. A. also presented copies in manuscript of 
a correspondence with Bev. Dr." Taylor, embodying much raluable.and ori- 
ginal ] information "relative , to the Schuyler Family, of sip much .'repute in 
both the provinces of New York and New Jersey, during' the colonial peri- 
od; and read some extracts from "The Journal of Isaac Bangs, (began 
April 1st, 1776,) a Lieutenant in' the service of the United .Colonies, in 
Capt Benjamin Godfrey's Company, in CoL Cary's Regiment of the Massa- 
chusetts Militia." The portions read referred to a visit paid to the Schuy- 
ler family at Belleville, during one of the expeditions into New. Jersey, with 
which -Lieut Bangs was connected, and were highly interesting, from the 
details of scenery, character »<nd events which they contained. ' Mr. Alofsen 
also presented several documents containing genealogical records of the 
family referred to,' to be deposited in the archives of t the Society. 

i The Society then adjourned to meet at such time as the Executive Com- 
mittee might designate. The members subsequently partook of dinner at 
the City HoteL ' ' . * - 

«... ^ 

V. .IV 

gUmbm (Bltcttli. 

MAY 20, 1858. 



Bev. Elijah B. Cravxn, '2TewarL_ 
Rev. Prentiss Devjdve, Trenton. 
s Charles Hodge, Jr., M D. , Trer. ton. 
^Charles Hewett, Trenton, 
B. H Lambobne, Trenton. 

' Robert Anderson, Trenton. 
Rev. J. R Dobbins, Trenton. ( 
Ira M Harrison, Newark. 
Rev. John Hall, D. D., Trenton 
Michael Leinau, Jersey- City. 

Benjamin M Price, Rahway, 

• . - ■ 


Henbt 0. Fbbeman, La Salle, HUnou. 
Charles M Leupp, Neva. York. 
r y,i>-j .w r ,CHABJJ3 E. Pierson, M. D., New York 


Harvey V. Pert, LL. D., New York. 
Guuan 0. Vbrplanck, i-<« 

.. ■ 




-'.'." Akj-otocxd Mar SOrs, 1858* 

From the Georgia Historical Society— John E..WerdVAddjre« befqre the 
• Society,; on its 18th. Anmversary, Feb. 12,1858., .\ ' . 

From the Maryland Historical Society— The President of the Society's 
Annual Report, with the Constitution and By-Laws— 1868, and Memoir 
of the Baron De Kalo, read at the meeting Jan- 7th, 185.8. by J. Spear 

smith. ;<; ■-.;.-:'. ": ",, ." '. "v '.[' 

From, the Chicago Historical Society— Proceedings, -March 18th, 1858*. 

From the Wisconsin Historical Society— Proceedings*. Jan. 1st, 1858. 

From the Historical Society of "F&>n£a— The Constitution of the Society. 

From the Historical Society of Pennsylvania— Memoirs of the Historical 
Society pf'Pennsylvania,. Vol. 5. '. £ : '.'_. i -■ 

From th* State of Few Jersey— Journals^ of the Senate, and Assembly* • 
with Appendix, and Acts of the 81st Legislature. , : , 

From the State of 2?em York— Journals of the Senate and Assembly, and 
Documents of both Houses, and the Laws passed at the 80th Session of 
the Legislature. 18 Vols. ADd Documents relating to its Cdonjal - - His- 
tory. Vol X. .-■■ '\ . '..■ ;• 

■From the Iowa Historical Society — A collection of Document*. 3 

From the American Philosophical Society — Proceedings July— December, 
1857. Vol VI. No. 68". -- 

From the Hon. A. B. Norton, of Texas— A Collection of Texas Public 
- Documents ; Reports on Public Institutions, and Slavery and Slavery 
The Superintendent's Report of the Coast Surrey, for 1856. " . 

From Eon, William Wright— Report on Commerce and Navigation of the 
U. S. for 1857; of the Sec of "War, communicating Capt P. B. McClel- 
Isn's Report— one. of the Officers sent to the Seat of Wat in Europe, in 
'65 and ]66\ Report' of Explorations and Surreys for the Railroad to the 
Pacjfi^' VbU5and^ Pert8. Re- 

.'port on the Commercial Relations of the U. S. with, all Foreign Nation* 
VdL2.V.'" V ■ "' '" •.■'■-. ''-" : - 

From S. Jtiften, ' ity-^ A.'Taluable collection of. Miscellaneous Pamphlets. 
From Sairiuel 0. Drdke, Pres. N*. El Hist and Genealogical Society— The 

President's Address Jani 20th, 1858 ; proceedings, 'and Rer. Mr. Hop- 
I pin's Address at me Dedication of Plumrner 'Halt,; and Judge White's 

Memoir of the Plumrner Family. : : • : '{ ■■' •[ 
Genealogy of the McKkjaty Family, with a Preliminary Essay on the 

Scotch-Irish Immigration to America. By William Willis. 
From Hon. Jama Parlsr— The- Governor's Menage* and Report of the 

New Jersey Commissioners on the; Question, of Territory and Jurisdic- 




tion, in dispute with the State of*. New York. February, 1828. 
From their several Authors— Col. J. D. Graham's Reports on the Com- 
merce and Improvement of Western Lake Harbors, for the years 1854-6 
1866 and 1867. • ' 

Letters to the- President on the Foreign and Domestic. Policy of the 
Union ; alsuj Pitmcfples of SodaliScieacatm 3 vols, • Vbi-1. By H 0. 
Carey. "_ '•' 

iBrigad Gen. A. W. DePeyster's Address: to the'Offlcers of the" N. Y. 
.. State Troops, Jan. lath,. 1858.. 

, The! History bfSt John's Churnh,.EGsabethtown»N.. J^ from HOS" to 
the present time. By Saml A. Clark, Rector of St John's. 
.Front. Frederic t Kidder, Boston— An Account of the First Iron Work? in 

Atmerics, srBndntree, Mass, ."••.'.'' 

From Hon., A. OLif. Pennington— Report of ..the. Special Committee on 

* Troubles in Kansas. Also, A Defence of the American Policy as opposed 
to the Encroachments of Foreign Influence. By Thomas R. Whitney. 

From the SetKUhem Female, Seminary— A History of the Rise, Pr^ress, 
and Present Condition of the Beth.. Fern. Bern., with a Catalogue of its 
Pupils— 1785-1858. By William O.Reichet' ■'■':': . 

FromJEUckard] F. £«»'&»— The Boston Chronicle,'.'for the year' -'68, with 
many Supplements and Extraordinary Papers. "Vol. 1»V"" 
From tha. librarian— Catalogue of Amherst College* 1 857-4L , . ' ' 
From the Publishers— Tha Historical Magazine for Feb.' March, April and 

• May„ 1858 j and the Historical and Genealogical Register for April, 188& 


rrom Hotu WMhlfiitoalrrin*. 

.8tfrsTsm^ Feb. 5th* 1858. 
To W. A. WHrrsHzan, Esq., Corresponding Secretary,. Ac* Ac, Acv ', 

Dear Sir— I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your fa vcr, 
notifying me of my having been elected an Honorary Member of the New 
Jersey Historical Society. ' .' • 

... I beg you to assure- the Society that T feel deeply and gratefully leasihle 
of this very flattering testimonial of their favorable, appreciation. 

For the kind expressions with which you accompany this notification, 
accept my sincere thanks. With Newark, as you observe, are associated, 
in my mind/ many pleasant recollections of early days, and of social meet* 
ingseten old mansion on the banks of the Passaic; of which now,! be- 
lieve, scarce a trace remains.* The literary task on which I am, engaged, 
however, and other inevitable claims upon my pen, will, I fear, leave me 
no leisure to put those reminiscences upon paper, as you suggest. . J 

Very respectfully, your obliged and bumblo servant, 


* 'tbt houte referred liliot. U ttr. trrlnf pf 
1-MkJeao-of Mr. Whltinf, it Mount PUejant. It wu 
p»ptr» criglc»t«J which wert lnued oiidrr the title of 

ta a dlUpMeiod ooBdltlon. twit* ttiw the 
tie f tth^rtDO Uun til*» %DTofUie 


■'. ■'. ■ ; ■'. . • ' ■ 


. . • ■ : a; 

• ■ .: 

..-if J M&t ixai t\t%avml if Jsaat Snip 

/; ; 'y{; (Begak April 1, 1776.) . 

t . .. 

a lieutwaht hi ihi bebtice or the united cqlosies, re capt. bew. god 
fret's cohpakt, col. cast's beqduekt, of the Massachusetts xnrnA. 

•»* Iliac Bangs ih 4 descendant of Edward Eton, one of the first settlers of the Plymouth 
Colony, who removed from Plymouth to Eeithim, In Barnftable County, In 1M4, where many of 
hit descendant! now lire. Th« journalist, Isaac, was born In Harwich, Majs., Dec. U, 1793 ; grad- 
uated at Harvard College, ITU, and died, unmarried. In 1781, <<i 

'■ 1776, Jum 21." Orders were last night issued for 80 men, 2 sub. and 1 
capt'n, to go on a private expedition ; .these officers and men were drawn 
-from the several regiments in\the army. I was sent to be the officer from 
Gen. Heath's Brigade; we paraded according to orders, at the Labaratory, 
at o'clock,' with seven days' provisions, .arms, ammunition, Ac Lieuts. 
Wheeler and. Makepeace, from the' two other Brigades, brought the qnota 
of men' belonging to each of them. This party was raised to reinforce, the 
Party at the lighthouse, but since the Orders were issuel!, news had been 
received .that the Party were unable to effect anything for the want of hea- 
vier Metal,' and.were on .'their return ; we were, therefore, ordered tofeturn 
our Arms, and were sent to the JersSes to cut Cedar "Wood Logs, &c.,to build 
Fire Bafts. We imbarked about 2 o'clock in the Afternoon and sailed to- 
ward Staten, Island, where we entered a small Biver; upon each side were 
many, beautiful, Plantations, and affording a delightful repast to the Senses 
of Seeing and Hearing. After having sailed about 14 miles from New. York, 
the Wind' falling and the Tide setting down, wo despaired of getting up 
thia.NighVas^e had not yet arrived to more than half the first distance, 
therefore determined to 'go by land; w'e lan'ded at Bergen Point; after 
travelling 9 Miles through a country very well Timbered but thinly settled 
with Inhabitant^ we arrived to the. Place- where we were to work, except- 
ing the passing »v short Ferry— here w<? tarried nil night at a Publick House' 
—found we 'were now hut 8 Miles, by laud, ft Foip Cadmus,' New York. 
' Junt 22; ' ¥he Perioger in which we left nil our Axes and Provisions did' 
not arrive' till near '18 1 o'clock, 1 therefore wo did little "work this day! We 
lived at the Ferry House on the W. of nnckens^ck Bivor.- We worked in 
a Cedar Swamp about 84 -Mile Id the Westward, belonging to MrVSchuy- 
ler. 'This gentleman's father* had built u Causeway from the Ferry House . 
through the Swamp, : which~ls'8 Miles and ! "20 Chains, at his own expense, 1 
chiefly, to accommodate the Publick' wfth n Passage to and from New York, 
as it saved toany People above 16 Miles Travelling, and as it is now used i 
as a Poet Boad to Philadelphia and is a saving of about Miks.' In thcT 
afternoon Liouts. Wheeler,' Makepeace and. myself visited Mr, Schuyler,' 



about 4 Miles disUn^, Found /; him; a. very agreeable Gentleman of. about 
20 years,y With/him we tarriedall Night "and could not excuse ourselves 
from so doings sA n -Old Man accompanied us as a.Plloy.and in our.way'h'e 
shewed us the Copper Mines belonging to Mr. Schuyler, 'TheWork which 
'we could. iperpeiye, had. beoD done in .them was. sufficient to astoniBhiny 
Man who had seen 60 little of. the World as I had. ^Nothing had been 
done in-tbese-Mjnes for '.4" years,'-.. the ; Engine '(for throwing off the"\VaUr) 
having been, burnt about that Time ; this cost about 8 Thousand Sterling 
and would cast put pf,'.the ; Earth 80 Hogsheads "n ( a^ltnute..' ' This was ac •' 
tuated by. Fire,;.* nd frpmjr^elt.had Its only Motion, and it was constructed 
upon the same Principles and much in the same Form as that of N- York 
f or : watering the City,'.but/(frpm:necessity) thewqrkfl.of, Mr. Schuvler were 
greatly superior in Magnitude to those of the City,'pf which I pquld judge 
by the incombustible Matter which w_n's still remaining. *>„• 

Sunday, June 23. ,-Tbis -morning arose, early (having over night taken 
our leave .of .the Family) and came to our Party to whom, we gave jthe" 
.Stints — Mr. Schuyler bad promised, tc > visit us at our lodging this Day, but 
staying beyond the appointed Hour we thought he would pot come," there- 
fore w6 took a walk to Bergen, % Hutch Town. He came and brought a 
Friend, and tarried as long as \e conveniently could, then- came over the 
Biver -after us but could not And us. ;He left word that he.Vvas going a 
small journey and could not see us again for 2 Days. ;r l am, yery. sorry as I 
am greatly in love with him and impatient to see him,' Yesterday we heard 
of A Plot being Discovered In which a great Number of the' "Citis ens, Long 
Islanders, some of the Gen. life Guards and others of .the Army had con* 
spired to Murther the General, blow up -the Magazines, 4c, <tc, sieze the 
Cannon of some of -the Works and ..hold Possession of .the Forts on Powles, 
Hook, this was to be done on the First approach of the Enemy, that taking 
the advantage of' our -Confusion they might, put 'us to a greater. -The 
Mayor of the City of New York whose Name ia Matthews, and "one Forbes, 
were' the chief of the conspirators.., Both of , these had received Money 
from'Governour.Tryon to buy Arms and pay their infernal Tool* ; they 
had gone so far, according to all accounts, as to arrange the Conspiratora 
into Companies and to appoint their .officers, whom they swore by the Bible 
to bo true and faithful to the King, but now both Forbes and the Mayor 
are under confinement, tad the General hath. a list of the names of all the 
Conspirators, but none are known': before; they are taken Into custody. 
Parties of the" Independent Compare* of the /City are gone into. Long Is- 
land, In search of aomeSf the Boguea who. have taken themselves into the 
Woods, to schreen themselves from the PunUhrnent they deserve. 
■ -i/t.n#24. After the'-Party had finished their Work we took a walk as 
&tas Powlet Hook ; 'then Lieut Wheeler wept over to New York, but 
Lieut Makepeace an'd'myself went back as far as Bergen (n a Stage wagon, 
then visited several of the Dutch People, and at night we went back to Mr, 

DoweaY »'' ,U;' r .''i ; V" 1 ' ' V - : 

■JwU 25. I took the Party to' their Work in the Morning, and -Lieut. 
Wheeler returned and gave much the same Account of the abovo Plot as 



we had before received. In the afternoon Mr. Schuyler came to see ua and 
■pent a very sociable visit We. treated him to Madeira Wine, Grog, 4c., 
but to our surprise he settled the whole Reckoning himself before we could 

know it , 

Lieut Makepeace being a little unwell Mr. Schuyler took him home with 
him and engaged us to dine with him the next day. \ - 

June 26. The Parry having finished their Stints we sat off for Mr. Schuy- 
ler's, according to agreement He met us about half way with a Chair; 
we had an Elegant Dinner.' After Dinner Lieut Wheeler returned and 
left Makepeace and myself with Mr. 8chuyler. 7 Towards Night we took a 
tour across- the River west of his House and recreated ourselves at a Pub- 
lick House by playing Bowles and drinking Wine,' Grog, Ac, in company 
with several Gentlemen of Mr. Schuyler's acquaintance. 1 About 8 o'clock 
we returned to Mrl Schuyler's, found a Gentleman who had come to spend 
an Evening with" him, Mr. Dubois, a learned and comical Genius. 

June 27. Mr. Schuyler after Break&st came with us in a Chair and tar- 
ried till after Sunset, during which Time, many Decanters of Wine Buffered 
shipwreck, many Bowles of Grog were poured down our thirsty B — ,nor 
was Egg Pop forgot ».mong our Dainties. Spent the whole Day very agree- 1 
ably. Before Night the whole Party set off and left me to take care of the 
Teams A to take Accounts of the Timber, Wood, Ac we had cut, A; to give 
Certificates of the Teams/Boats, Wood Ac., after I had got it to the landing 
to the Q. Master General This evening we hear bad News from Quebeck, 
but as Reports are so often false we can make no Dependence on what we 
hear."^ ^; ; -.': ; \' ; ;.' *?: '"" i - ^'"'■'■'' 

- June 28. Slept very in. Mr. Schuyler came at 10 o'clock, we 'spent the 
forenoon very agreeably & got all the Timber Ac to the Landing; the Af- 
ternoon was taken up in giving Certificates, making up Acc'ts Ac . This 
could not be finished till after Sunset and as it was too late to return to 
York, I readily accepted of Mr, Schuyler's Invitation to go with him for the 
Night— Spent the Evening much to my Satisfaction. — This Day we heard 
of one Thomas Hickey a Soldier in Genl Washington's Life Guard being 
Executed for joining lei the Plot mentioned above. - This man was a Desert- 
er from the Ministerial Army. -He that is false to one Party is not to be 
trusted in another its opposite. This Hickey was drawn into 'the Plot by 
the persuasions of one Green the Drummer for the Life Guard. Green 
also was a Deserter, but is kept to give Evidence against others. 

June 29. I Returned to York. Mr. Schuyler lent me a Horse to Ride, 
he and an Aunt rode in a Chaise. When I arrived I made .my Return to 
the Deputy Quartor Master Gen'l ; took my leave of Mr. - Schuyler and re- 
turned to' my Tent -Pound Ensign Bryant had gone to the Works as a 
Carpenter to build a Machiene to eink in the River to prevent the Enemy's 
Ships from penetrating up the OhanllL ! -i r ' 1 1, . , '.,' .' 

Since I have had Occasion to speak frequently of Mr. Schuyler I must 
give a small Detail of his Family, which consisted of Himself, Wife, one 
email Daughter, a Mother, A Miss Polly,- his Sister, about 18 or.14 years 
old, besides a Brother of his Wife and his family who fled from York; 

l _ s 




what can be said of one may be justly applicable tojill, yiz : considering 
.all Circumstances they are as agreeable 'People as ever I had the. Pleasure 
of being acquainted with. Mr. Schuyler (though a Gentleman of Liberal 
Education not more than 27 years of age, and one of the first Estates in the 
^Province) yet he inspects every work upon his Farm which is vastly exten- 
sive. Mrs, Schuyler (his Wife) tho not beautiful in her outward Form, la 
possessed of such a beauteous Mind as must make her agreeable to every- 
one that hath the pleasure to be acquainted, .with her.' ■ She, as doth her 
Husband, taketh, Pleasure in regulating the Affairs of the Family, which 
by her Diligence A Care, is kept in the neatest. order ; A the greatest Har- 
mony A Decorum may be. observed in every Department of the whole, Be- 

• -sides the Persons before mentioned, which compose the Family, are about 
60 or 60 Blacks all of whom, except those, who are necessary, for Domestic 
Service live In a large convenient House built for that Purpose, without the 
-Gate ; in the House every servant hath their perticular Sphere to act in. , I 
never saw more than 2 in the House: otherwise than in the Kitchen, and 
those were waiters. , Those who live in the Out House each have their par- 
ticular Departments A regular Hours .to work in ; their Vituals is cooked 
at certain Hours by their own Cookes ; to which , they are regularly called 
by a Bell which Rings in, the Morning for the -Servants to turn ovw to .their 
Work, A for Breakfast, or, Dinner ; at a propper Time, for them. to leave 
their Work, and again at 8 in/be Evening for each to repair to their House, 
after which no Noise is heard. ' Notwithstanding they have so large a Fam« 
ily to regulate Mrs. Schuyler- also- Beeth to the Manufacturing of suitable 
•cloathingfor all the Servants, all of which is the Produce of their own 
Plantation, in which she Is helped by her Mamma A Miss Polly ; the whole 
is done with less Combustion and Noise than many Families who have not 
moro than 4 or 5 Persons in the whole Family ; this whole Family seems to 
be still A quiet A serene, notwithstanding its magnitude and the multiplici- 
ty of Business which they have to transact' What .added to iny surprise 
after observing tho regulations of this ^vonderful Family,' was to understand 
that Mrs. Schuyler was born of A brought up In a Rich and genteel Family 
in the City of York, (where her Education must have been so'vastly differ- 
ent and noways connected with the Life which she now leads ; nor doth she 
now cast off the Meln. A Behaviour of ,-the. genteel bred : Woman— but the 
whole Family live A dress in a very genteel manner so far as gen till ity is 
consistent with Reason. .Mr. A Mrs. Schuyler seem always to be at leisure 
and never disturb Company with being busied and hurried more than if 
they had nothing to do. ^ It is not from any Parsimonious Views that Mr. 
Schuyler or his Wife' employ, themselves in many Matters which is uncom- 
mon for Ppople of their Fortune, but they often told me when I expressed 
.my 'surprise at It* that this,. was their greatest Pleasure, and they would 
both in. passionate ..Terms lament A pity the Fate of those People of For- 
tune, who were bo blinded by .their Education as not to discover some such 
Expedient to employ thoae many leisure Hours, which they aredaily rack- 
ing their Inventions to kill, and which nevertheless hang heavy | on their 

-'Hands. , Nor do either of them wholly slight the diversions of the Town, 



-btitfreqnentlj they were^oftt whUe^lrt' To^ ^M'ln^Peice; *o sp«nd a 
'fewDays'at ■'«' time fe'theCUy a^ sometimes they make small oxoursiona 
IfrthVCJountry. 1 < * ^^^f^ 8 ;li -- ^''^P*'^-^ 
^Mr.BchuylerVMarision House taarlarge/grarid andmagnifleent building, 
Iraflt partly of -Stone 'A tbe'rest brtek,4abat beautifully SltUato^upon an em- 
-fa&ce on (he- e»st Bank of What U called' HacWnsack r River y on the west 
aide of theBfrer/by'the Water; fa : thelfoa4 ; wblcb leads'to' Hackensack, Al- 
>anji 5 ftc., ( 'by whichaw » v c«nsIde"r»b^nuih^eT of Bondings & two'ehureh- 
ea^&e orie'a' Batch and the; other* ah'Eaglistf cbWch 1>utlt by ! Mr.' 8chuyl- 
■efa^th'er.^ These together withtheButdkigs; standing 5 by a -straight and 
'level road and the beatitifdl<SfrdTeiM ; the Tlmhiehcea on the West aflbrd a 
most' delightful Prospect 'from th# Groves 'of Mr/8chuyler|S Hoase.^'On 
theT>ack part of tbeHouse fa'a'lttge\ifcat Garden built partly for Orna- 
'lnentahd parUy'fbr 'Convenience. ; l At ihe hack of the Garden Is a prodig- 
5oua ! high Hill cbrered irithl7o6ds.-.'TheHouse(hath a sufficiency of out 
Houses on the South and on the North; at a little distance are his Barns 
sufficient to accommodate 'hik Faro^'whieh by accounts is ' three Miles 
across, In fine' the ScitUatlon of this Gentleitoan*s Dwelling both for Conven- 
ience and Please fa the best that I evor beheld. On the East of his House, 
at the Distance of about 84 of a "Mile, -he' hath two Parks in which are 
about 160 or 180 head of Dewybut I couM 'get too bright of them ai they 
neveroaine^out of the Woods except in the Night -i '■''-"-- ---f '■;■''.'' 
1 -"Mr.'Schuyler wite descended from theEamDy of Schuylers which ren- 
dered so much good Service to N. 'England as mentioned in 'Hutchinson's 
History. There are many of the same Family at Albany how and at New 
fork. This Gentleman's Grandfather, : In but tolerable circumstances, 
moved ■from*" Albany' to ' the 'pKcO;»DOTO* " described, (the Township is 
v.. -tailed New Barbadoes)- and here W accidentaly : discovo^ 'the ;Copper 
-, *-*Mmea'ndw possessed by his Grandchild (mentioned 29 of June) out of which 
( -"■ he* got great Wealth, and the Famfly y carlrylng , on ■ 'the Wjsrks ' hare made 
toy additions to the Estate till they have -all the -Lands contiguous & aire 
nbwimmcnsely Rich.- 1 The whole Family have been rioted for toefr Liber- 
aUVr'to'tha'Publick; but espedaily^to the Poof and Indigent,' and it is re- 
markable that, of the great Number I daily while there heard speak of the 
Famfly(-nobe spoke Otherwise than' with "respect and Lota! f \ '-'• 
#« What could hinder this Man from being happy unless he had a most dis- 
contented Mmd ? . < AlJanlhai Iri^Mf/Bchuylet's Bcitna&m could *not be 

Tmakethem happyVyet few have that Temper' arid 'itfsp^tlbh^d Temper 
of Mind which Is the chief -Blessing enjoyed by" thfaG^eftari: 'Without 
making any more Tremark^'(fbr'i can't do 'justice 7 to 'what ThaVe tndeaT- 


1 « ' :~ ' ~ ■m-'-' 

bred) I must declare the Few days spent in this Family to be the most 
happy of any that I was ever sericible of enjoying in . my Life. While I 
was with him we contracted a most intimate Friendship, rnd he on parting 
desired me to visit him as often as possible, and en his part engaged to do 
the same; he also made me a very generous offer with regard to being 
innoculated with the small Poz, which I believe I shall accept when I have 
served my Country through this Campaign. As I returned to York I saw 
the Signals 7or the arrival of mprethari SO £>hips hoisted on Staten Island. 

July 8, 1776. 'Nothing mawrialJiappened. ~" 
r July 9, 1776. In the Afternoon went to the City and engaged a Gentle- 
man to teach a Number of us the French Language. Visited Miss Betsy 
Grim & Lieut Haynes. This Afternoon the Declaration of the Independ- 
ence of the 18 American States was read to the Several Brigades: it was 
received Jwjth joy which t&ey : . BeSretally .testified by fh^Jcheenl {1 Y : } v IF 

July 10, 1776. Orders were issued for one Brigade to be in readiness at 
4 o'clock tomorrow Morning for a March. . We all imagined that we were 
designed to make an Attack upon the Enemy on Staten Island, but on far- 
ther consideration wo had reason to doubt of it perticular Orders 
were Issued with Bespect . to Our^Bagg'ige^whJch would be Necessary to 
take with us if this was the Intention of the General Last Night the Stat- 
ue on the Bowling Green representing George Ghwelps alias George Bex 
waa'p'ulleddown byihe'Tb^ulacer' 1 In it were iOOO Pounds -bf Lead <fc a 
Man undertook to take i"0 bi. bf Gbjdlfotri the&up^rfleea, as both' Marf & 
Horse were covered with 'Gold L«rf^ 7 thjf Lead we hear Is' to' be run up; 
mtoMusqu'et Balls fqr'the Use^of : fee" T X"ankies ) r whenMt fa' hoped tfiaif th* 
Emanations from the Leaden 'George 1 Vill mako as deep Impressions In 'the 
Bodies of some of.his red-Coate^andTo^ Subjects," and that they wijl do polsoning'apd destroying, them as the Superabundant 
Emanations of the. Folley and pretended goodness of the real 'George,' have' 
made : upon 'their .Minds, which^hafe, eScct'ually "pols'oned and destroyed 
their jSouls, that they^are riot" w.ort)iy^p',b'e , ranked jwith any Belrigs'who. 
have any Pretensions to the Principles 'of Virtue '£'. Justice, but'.'wouid'to 
God that the unhappyconteat might be .ended, wiihouit puting^us' to' thedis- 
: agreeable '-necessity ot sending ,them~to '.dwell with those beings, for the 

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: " 1C85. The Friends At Burlington having for a considerable time past 
had it under their consideration to build a Meeting House, in this year 
erected a large commodious one, of which SamuelJennings, Thomas Budd, 
John Gosling, Richard Guy, William Brightwen and Thomas Gardiner, 
were six of ..the principal promoters and contributors.", .-:"- - j. , 

'%* A considerable number of pages are devoted to the causes of, and 
circumstances connected with the Isoparalion . of George Keith from the 
. Quakers, which took place in 1C91.-1 Proud, although he availed himself of 
the matter, and corrected most of lt,ueft most of it untouched, and the fol- 
lowing extracts present some of tho iacta of the case as well as the views 

• of -^ yaathor in i^Ubn tiierito. /*, ^M£'?u* t'yifl'^'i "-"" '■■' 

?|Gkoboi i Kkth was a public preacher and writer in defense of the prin- 
ciples held by the Quakers, and had hitherto been a serviceable member of 
that society, and was not without ddehpnotir among his brethren, but be- 
fore he left England he was thought to have imbibed some particular tenets 
of no service to him, and being a learned man, of good natural parts, ready 
In expression and of an aspiring natural temper, bad upon divers occasions 
discovered an unwarrantable emulation built upon the opinion of his own 
superiority. That bo had imbibed latent notions Inconsistent with his pro- 

* fession, ho soon manifested after being disowned by friends, which before 
had only been avowed to a few Intimates. Several of his Friends had 
cautioned him, in great Ohristian tenderness, of the dangerous consequences 
of attempting to be wise above what is written. He had been conversant 
with the writings of Francis Baron of Helmont, and others, upon the Py- 
thagorian scheme of the Twelve Revolutions of the Human Souls Into other 
Bodies, and was thought from them to have Btrangely entertained a notion 



that Men should have Twelve of those Revolutions, or Intervals of time in 
this World, and so either first or last all mankind should have an opportu- 
nity to hear the Gospel outwardly preached, .and when so heard and em- 
braced they should be saved. , This was a salvo to which he had recourse 
when pinched in argument upon the absolute necessity of hearing the Gos- 
pel outwardly preached in order to salvation. - He had declared in the early 
part of his life that men who lived faithful to what by the Light, Grace and 
Spirit of God was made known to them, though they had not the matter of 
Christ's outward Birth, Death, Resurrection and .Ascension revealed or 
made known to them, yet living faithful to what God. by bis Light or holy 
Spirit had made known to them, they should be saved though they died in 
that state, and that the contrary doctrine was uncharitable , and bad thus 
argued upon it : ' Why may not the benefit of Christ's taking on him the 
form of a man redound unto many who do not expressly know it, even as 
a diseased person may receive benefit of a core applied to him though he 
has not an express knowledge' of all the means and ways how from first to 
last it had been prepared,'. But upon his being disowned in flat contra- 
diction .to .this doctrine, be to the admiration of those that knew what he 
had before published, declared, both in his preaching and private discourses, 
that none would be saved without the knowledge and faith of Christ • out- 
ward Birth, Death, &c; and when it was objected. to him bow bard that 
Would bo upon honest Gentiles, who though they should steer never so ex- 
actly according to the Law written in their hearts, must notwithstanding, 
for want of that knowledge which they had -no means of coming at, perish 
without remedy, and that 'Infants dying in- their infancy, and deaf and 
dumb persons, must also upon that schemT'be in the like dismal situation, 
he would answer that they would not perish though they died in that state, 
but would have an opportunity to hear the Gospel preached, and thereby 
of being saved in some one Revolution afterwards., thus borrowing from 
the Pythagorean tenets to render his notions of the Christian doctrines con- 
sistent with each other. It is really a matter of surprise and even as ton ' 
ishing, that a man of bis understanding and past experiences should have 
so far degenerated as openly to adduce things of that kind to illustrate the 
blessings of a gospel day. • - 

■ * ■*-.-..•■•.'...*. *. t~t'.j, * * ■ 

. " He possibly might have observed that severalof his brethren, less curious 
after .speculative points -bat, better 'established than himself, were fearful 
that he'had unadvisably got off his watch: and was in a dangerous way, 
and instead of making it the prudent occasion . of self-examination and 
amendment, suffered it rather to stimulate to til will and party heats, and 
building on his own past experiences, thought himself of Importance 
enough to vindicate his .principles and conduct, though at the expense of 
the unity of his Brethren and the peace of society; and taking occasion at 
some words uttered in the publick Testimonies of William Stockdale and 
Thomas Rtxwater, in the latter end of this year, charged them with preach- 
ing fidse Doctrine, in that thay set forth ihtligH of OhrUt to U tvfficient 
to tahation, and declared to Thomas Fitzwater in the presence of.several 



siticTibsa ritov ssrrrn jtss. 

Friends; ihitli^a^/iiB^Hiti-^'ktn^khit lighl\at : 'tuffieiehl Uiifouh 
ib'mtyitty'''fluLthd' ! iiy6h 'Thomas's ineritioning iVcbmphlned agalnsilrini 
aV'lbe 1 MontWy'.ateetlng, whe&oj^'^Kbmas's asserting* tfc# Tro& efJt; 
anC6e«rg« KeT^denrilig l^Tbor&as'Pifteh&ra, Wilhara 'HerWood; Benja- 
min i^imbeys; ' FraWu -Rawlesv ^fTllfefe ^ScftalHeyi- and "several' other dls-" 
iatei^atiB^Prl^as, 'declared ks wracsBes present at ^e : ^e the' words were 
apbkel^that^Thomas Iflt^tera^egatiobs were trtej^'upbri which the 
' meeting Baw no cause to give Judgment against Thomas for asserting any 
utitrathVlltiC $he. pianner bf ; d<ttg^ r !fiX3eorge Keith's «b««Kse^aM with- 
ouf.'n^ J 'eudeavbrin'g;-V re«fecIl!kiloo ; 'Wlth r bte^tHey thbught proceeded 
' ifomaNfang'iptrfo up^n a wnich'Tpom'ae ve^re*Jfly^ackBOWkdged'Qi*t 
though/Yhe/ChargVin Itself waatoet'he.had faahly mentioned it ; &$® **••'■ 
* '*.' Kelt*? BkeWiiw complained : tb;the ministers' -meeting .against Stockdale, 
for 'haying 8*ld that. he,' Kdttii^pireachihg Chriit without, and Christ 
uithin^Wuprefohing'tyo Vhrirti' Etockdaledcnyed that the words were 
so' spoken^ancl pledged against Keith that besides calling him an Ignorant . 
JTeatKjnlhe '^fised' several ;o»her ^flifylrig expressioni; *' The meeting 1 , how- 
ever, were'bf opinion that. 'StbcVda>;'was reproTable-'ahd hlamewortby ; fcr 
uttering "the "words hedld; theybefri'g an offence to many sound and tender 
friends,^ fcncV tnat;be shbuld condemn the 'same ; ; arid that as to^eorge 
Kelth*a manneV of proceeding against him, they could not own \i to bo pur- 
sua^rto ^Gospel ordefj he haVing hot alone ' dealt with him 4n a private and 
friendljy manner i; befbre/he "had" furtberproaecutedhiscomplaint, indthat 
they coutd ubY hold him excusable for : his' indecent expressions to William' 
StockdaleifiebefngolderlnTTuthandlnylears. ; * : " VW'gp&iffi ;i-^,.- 
^Frteids In England hearmgW this difference, ioTeral of them wrote and 
cent iuTlplsfle to/their BrtthfeVhere tolhe' effect followmg;^----^'*'^ -,- : 
- ^;lTh.entoll^w«a ; ibng letterAdated London; 28th of March; 1 091.'] & t & 
; M &&$$■. "not^thsUnding" 'the jidmbnitions hero contained,- and'other 
affectionate endeavo,rethrtu^hou\ the whole course of the toanfcgement of 
these iffi™* ***°x 'J? W*o discovered such a warmth of spirit and language, 
ta *t rtthbr bolrethtf complexlon' of disappointment and madness of party 
^^^^^^jM^m^^oWhf^Mi^^ long' suffering and meekness,' to 
restore srich as might In his opinion hare erred.* •* His aim; however, fidl- 

He QJffi fy>H«C*Mt *« frabsofuterjr and Indlspenslbly necessary tbali 
and every/one of, mankind to beRevi it f adding that unle^ he did idbei> 
Ueye he would ubtown him as his-XT&fehari brother? but said h'fohfcM he* 

.. iSoiu* t««ioa« an 


sELtcnoss: taoit ajura uu. 



a devou t heathen. 1 * And at ano th ex meeting with him; he call ed ; Thom&a 
Lloyd, whose unwearied endeaTors. to s^re. him Be*ms to bare deserred 
better treatment, 'an impudent man and pitiful Governor, '• askiag him why. 
he did not send him in to Goal, telling him hi* back bad long Uch'cd to be 
whipped, and that he would Print and expose them all over America, if no t , 
over Europe. Ho also called one of the Magistrates, known to be a modest, 
peaceable man, an Impudent fawilt And in a public meeting of Friends 
being interrupted when railing against them, he in a rage stripped open hJa. 
breast and cryed out ' Cu t toe in Oollops and .fry me, roast me and eat me 
if you will' A spirit of this sort was said to be observed in bim on bis 
visit to New England,- a few years before, where it was too much his prac- 
, tice, in many places, to challenge disputes with Priests and others and. man-. 
-aged them with bo much heat, and sometimes insults, where he thought he 
. had any advantage, that it was a certain indication he. designed victory,, 
and vain glory, more than edification ; and not having sufficiently Tinted 
him self by the controversy be bad with, the New England men, began with 
proposing sad -urging fresh regulations at home and turning the point .of. 
bis weapon upon those he then owned and called his friends,. first opened 
about Church discipline. This happened some time before bis difference 
with George Fitswster and .William S tockd al began. He .complained that 
thtrt ua$ too great a ilachneu in their Discipline, for the amendment of 
which be presented a paper to the meeting of IQnlstcrs at the yearly meet* 
ing ; they not satisfied with it proposed to send it to the yearly meeting at . 
London, to have .their aenee upon k, but .this be refused, saying -M would 
rathet let it drop, and his proposal not beiDg complied wi th according t> 
his expectation,'' he soon grew very uneasy, and it was. observed from that 
time forward he was more captious and rather made it his business to pick 
up matter of reproach to load ibesocietywitiv ,This .disposition gre* PP9»; such a degree ,that beofton expressed his displeasure, and t contempt, 
ppbHciy as welii«e -prKntely, .Impeaching 'friends' testimony'and way of 
' preaching, which grieved many,' for, 'regardless of the honor, of his profes- 
sion, he stuck not to utter things of that nature InPublick mlXe4 Audltc-' 
ries.* This, together with his own tedious, dry and lifeless discourses In 
meetings, much lessened him in the esteem of some that before bad given 
evidence of more than common respect to him. Yet still things were quietly 
carried,on Friends part ; to hlrn^ '■ tfli'at' lehgtii he charged a Meeting of IDnls- 
tors.witii tiinj} eopa together^to ''CloalfherettoandjDdceit; "and iK$t (h«re 
were more Damnable Ueraia and DbctrJna of JQetiU among tiu'Qua£ert 
than among any profusion of Protestant*. This being mindtbdahd resd 
to him, 'tis said he, did not deny it, and that he also told the friends, that by 
appointment from the. meeting went one yisit to Uy beforo bim the,h»- 
had done the Cause of Truth, as well as the personal abuses' be had been 
guilty of to many of his friends, i ' that ho trampled upon the Judgmsntof 

' j 1 1 ; ' i '. ' V ;' ■ 

• 7 ttiiwMta Anthony Morrii't Ch'»mb«f . M trto'fte<f br»t>«'r*)n P^o^ * , ]»* < > X.* W i™f - 
randum of th»t and other m»tUr». VW: ©to.K«liaftat«ittor» brflakkt totii T«^P.4U> ei*n> 
of the Cue by S. T„ p. 11 

t Oto.KcliboDc«n I or«brou«hltolheTMt,p.t3. ^'^ 



the Meeting es dirt' Things now growing daily worse and worse, and aA 
probability of an accommodation ceasing, the meeting thoaght it time, for 
the Credit of their Christian Testimony, to declare to their frionds tad the 
world that they had no unity with the said George Keith in his present 
~ condition and way of proceeding, and accordingly published \ the following 
declaration. (Printed in Proud's Penna. L, p. 866V^Note.)^{ - ^ns_a t%-, 
"George Keith and the party that Joyned him had now set tip a separate- 

• Meeting, bat still called- themselves Quakers, yet with this distinction that 
they Were" Christian Qaakers and Friends, and, it was said, he would be 
frequently boasting of their numbers— a vanity too common in such cases, 
though perhaps' of no real credit to his or any Cause, i* Number* cannot 
legitimate error nor Justify what is apparently wrong. This separate meet- 
ing soon published a Counter Testimony, signed by Twenty-Eight of them, 
disowning all those "concerned in the Denyal of George Keith, and soon 
after that another paper called " An ExjMstulatwnjwith Samuel Jennings, 
Thomai Xhpd and the rett of tho Twenty -Eight unjust Judge* and Sign- 
en of thepapjfr of: Condemnation against George Keith and his friend*, 
&a w *BctlTtiie«e papers were' drawn up with art, and calculated to catch 
the humours of the wavering and unsteady, and being accompanied .with a 
party Industry, had their designed effect upon numbers both in Philadel- 
phia, Burlington, Neshameney, and divers other places, 'so that a. wide 
Schism r . ensued.' * Father -and Sony Husband and Wife and Friends and 'i 

. Relatives-, that hadju'suaHy worshipped together/and though etuTprofessors 
of the same Faith in the maln\ wese how seen going to different places of 
worship, and heats and bitterness followed, which occasioned niany labours 
and Watchlngs, " and. great ^rtumspection and patience among Friends 
who" by /a -patient continiiahce\ In '<WoH doing, - and a steady Integrity 

to tiie Spouse of their youth, at length survived all these disorderly Bp^rits.' , 

^l^^^^-S .^^*™)^ -^MSr^hlcnroins the bails of what may be 
found f ln Proud Vol, % p. '872, 4< and a statement and review of the 'differ-' 
ent points of Keith's argumenta] """ ' ' ""- '' ' '-• ' " • ' ; -' ,; • '■' ■■' 

-^V-,;,. ...,,...•,., v.t ^'7:,,^:^-.-:.- .., .:.;.. - ;•<•...■ , .. ./, ._, ,, ^.. l ,,, 

tpfiQ. 1f&4 "■ . -, 4 v .-. .- ■■.;. ;,>,';!'f ;,-£..;.: .;.;• •;-.-;! ;>••;.. -.Vi^..,., u .: -. . x -; . 

; ^?2. a In the manuscript, .the -relief afforded to. the settlers of '•« Tork- 
ahlra Tenth," In .^est Jersey, In the .'freshets mentioned In Smith's History,' 
p. 208, Is said to have .been "by Jphn Wood, Edward Lucas, and other 
neighbors In their canoes."^ " M '."'. ",'!*. .' : :"\ ' ?*.*'**'-t* ■— ^ *y»/ 

fiffk* H'^ 8 'year Samuei Jehn^- from* West Jerteyjahd' Thomas 
Duckett, from Pennsylvania, visited the Meetings In New EngUhd together." 

I 1T0«V* The following is Smith's version of the circumstances detailed in 
; Proud, Vol I, p. 468, Ac ; 

44 Governor Evans y«rj well knew the Quakers' Principles agatnstbearing 
arms, and Military preparations, and possibly judging others by himself, 
thought the principle against self-defence, however pretended to at distance, 

" ' 







jnust upon the apprehensions of Instant danger be a mere Chimera, and to 
try if that was hot the case, He, together With Robert French of New Cas- 
tle, Thomas Clark An Attorney at Law of Philadelphia, and other Associates 
of the same Class, fell upon the project of causing the alarm mentioned be- 
fore. The Governor was a Man of Natural good Sense, but had more of the 
Bake in his Character, than of anything else, and being of this Turn it is 
not to be wondered that he should fall into a scheme of this . sort I The di- 
version was something, but the design of trying the tempers of the people 
seems to be the principal thing aimed at; he and his associates had proba- 
bly been concerned in industriously propagating the Noise of a French in- 
vasion for some days before they caused the alarm, and after People's minds 
by daily discoursing of their coming, and frequent preparatory: 'tumors 
suitable to the Occasion, had been sufficiently turned that way, on the Six- 
teenth of the third month, 0. S., this year, at the Fair time, up came a 
Messenger post Haste from New Castle, his Horso almost tired, in <f himself 
out of breath, with a dispatch to the Governor from' French, ! that several 
s»0 of vessels were then actually in the river, and as high up as a place - 
which he named. Upon receiving this News the Governor soon road" it 
fly about the Town, himself mounted his Horse, and with a drawn sword 
in his hand, rode about with the utmost seeming ; consternation, Command- 
ing, and praying people of all ranks ;to'l>e' assisting upon 1 tiita Occasion. 
The suddenness of the newsj with the noise, "and predpltation^consequent 
upon it, soon made bad work. Some are said to have thrown -their Plate,* 
and most valuable effects down their wells, and little Houses," and Others to 
hide them in the beet manner they could,- and i that a great number retired 
by land, and water op the River, some loaded with Effects, ! arid some with- 
out^ insomuch that it was Bald some of the Creeks seemed full of Boats, and 
small craft, while those of a larger size ran as far as Burlington, and some 
higher up the River, and several women are said to have miscarried by the 
very great fright they were 'thrbwn^IhtoV- 'But the design' was soon seen' 
through by the more considerate part of the Inhabitants, even at 'the be- 
ginning, and timely endeavors accordingly used to 'stop It,' but the manner 
of the Governor's behavior, together with the Industry of his numerous In- 
cendiaries on this Occasion, so baffied their endeavours that little could be 
done till length of time brought. a calm over people's passions. James Lo- 
gan was tiien secrebry^'afld Lodging in the same Bouse with the Governor^ 
was thought to be privy to' the 'dedgbjbnt be afterwards declared other- 
wise,' aridtis said offered to bririg the' Governor odt of the scrape as well as 
be could, if he would desist from the enterprise, by going down to Glouces- 
ter point in a boat, and wave a handkerchief if nothing was to be seen, but 
if anything appeared he would retire Immediately, and let them know it 
"Whether this proposal was accepted of not, the effect shewed that he was 
hoi helped out of the scrape, for when once / the people In general Were un- 
deceived, which was not long first, many of the people who had been de- 
ceived, from feat turned to rage, and the authors of this contrivance were 
forced to shift for themselves in the bcst,menher they could. The scheme 
upon the whole, turned out quite different from their expectations; It had 



all the bad consequences they had. reason to. fear and very little, of , those . 
they expocted, the Principal part of the Quakers haying attended their fifth 
day meeting as usual, tho^n thq midst of the hurry, and through -the 
whole demeaned, themselves cor^tenUy, but four among them, and those 
! not accounted the most exemplary in other respects, appeared upon the hill 
under arms, that being the place of rendezvous appointed upon this occa- 
fiieaJf^-i? ■■■i:Jr>te.*T&3o*r)tt&.i.T r ;czi-i ggp^jttesfe &3a&& fete^o&wj^sttsjoc 

. lT^^Thjayear^T^fflM.Cbmely, on, t hls~ return from a ,religfqu3 ■risit . 

wnaib^pp^ed.M^oyra:.^^.,.^.,. .,,., ,,,,., ...:_ . ...".,-,,„., * ,..—. v 
•' When I was travelling in those parts, I had a concern on my mind to 
visit the Indians living near Susquehannagh, at Conestogoo and I kid it be- 
fore the Elders of Nottingham .Meeting, wtyh which they expressed their 
I ijnity, jmdp'romo|e4,my. j viaidng L the^. ^.gotan^Intornife'^M^.Tlur^i; 
or Fourteen of, ji%T?aTeiled through the j^c^^i^^^MiM^aTjm;; , 
our Provisions ffi^,ua,and on-^a jouroey^t^doprn byja river and spread 
onr Food on the grass and refreshed ourselves and horses and then went on 
Chearfully and with good will and much love to the poor 'Indians, and. When, • 
we.camo.they kindly, treating us civilly in '.their jirayY. We 
treated about having a. meeting .with them, in ajreiigious way, Vpon which 
they called a Council, in, which i-thejjwere, very grave ., and jspbke. one after. 

■ another; without any heat . or Jarring (and some of the most esteemed of 
their ("jyomen dp some times speak in thejr, 'Council*) '. I a^ed.'ojujr interpret 

_ ^Wby.cthey .Buffered i or ^^itte^ 

■ ija. answw was^that some Woinen hf$% ,*&«.', J^an, Bom'p meni'V-" Our' L> 
*arpretejj,toi|i n»,thatthey had nq{;. done, anything jfor ' Jtaahy, years without 
,*be„Councjl nf an antient grayewoman who j observed speak much In their 
iCouncftfor I^.permitted to bypr^ntat'ii^dXa^ed'whaUt'^tto 
woman^aid?;<. H,e .told me. she was an Empress, and they gayemuch need. 

\Jb wbajtsbasajd amongst, thimj and thatsbe then, said^to "(bem.^sbeiook- 

^*d;wpcn our.conjing to^be mpro.than natural, because we did not come to 

buy. nor, poll npr^get gup, hu t c,ome,in love and respect m them, and 2esired 

• ^^yr.eU doing bot^ here and hereafter^ and /ur^ther, con^ued,',''. That our ' 

t ?^98> in^ongj ,tbeoa ., ltuJgb£ J?e Very, beheffoa| to, their young pegpie^ ana' 

**M$ jyfi^M?'?^-^ h^'t^e/days before, jindBterpreted itViz ; 

tsJWiWI was to t L^on,>and, £ ^ place ahe "ever 

' «aw>. jflt was jike jto Philadelphia bu^uVuo^bjggei) .'and 'she" went across bIx 

streets and jto.Ahe, seventh she .. saw WflUam^enn. preach^ io thrf People; 1 


sEtscnoss tnoa tarrn ires. 


very glad, 1 and now she Baid heT dream was fulfilled for one of hia Friends 
was come' to preach to them," nnd she advised them to hear ns and entertain 
us kindly, and accordingly they did. Here were Two tfatlona of them, the 
Senecas and the ShawneEe. "We had firet a meeting, with the Sehecaa, 
Tvith which they were 1 much' affected,' and they called the other Nation, (viz. 
the Shawnese) and interpreted to them what we had spoke in their meeting, 
and* the" poor Indians (particularly some of their young men and women) 
wexe under a solid exorciso and concern. We had also a meeting with the 
other Nation, and they were all very kind to us and desired more snch op- 
portunities, the which I hopo divine Providence will order them if they are 
■wdrtby thereof.'' Tbe' Gospel of Jesus-'iOhriat was preached freery tolthem 
and faith in Christ who was put to death at Jerusalem by the unbelieving 
Jews, and that this same Jesus came to save people from: their sins, and by 
his grace and light in the soul 6hews to mau his sins, and-ponvinceth him 
thereof, delivering him out of them and gives inward peace and comfort to 
-the soul for well doing^to all which, 1 asiheir manner. is, -they gave publifik 
assents, and that of a light in the soul they gave a double assent and seemed 
much' affected with the ^Doctrines -of itruth; also the benefit of the Holy 
Ghost was largely opened to them." -•; ''••■', • : . •, •■:'■< r/ : •!<■■ ■' 

,Vi-\.. -■'•:..: v - " 1 '. - 

.77 trio.' -i I'.-cV l:i:'. ;•.? ,r .;- ,•.•(.< 

1707. The following comments on the character and proceedings of Gov. 
Evans are only briefly used by Proud. ■: >:<.■> .;: r/.r- 1:.; tint .-, , < '-. }\ - 
'•'The Assembly of Pinnsyivania'andmkny of tho People throughout the 
Province bad for several years' past 'been "tired of Evans's administratien, 
the heats and levity of ; hls youth sb'influeuced bis private condact as niade 
it in yarious tespects quite fahbecoming 1 the dignity of his station.:''! Mid- 
night frolicks I were said to be common with\bim ; '■ be is even charged with 
sometimes descending" so ikr Out of character as to be found taking about 
the streets and mixing in night brawls and other Indecent practices. | 'Tils 
sort /of '-conduct 'is said once'to'have ^^brOngbt* him 1 into abadaituation 
Meeting with a Loaded Oart oiming'iiito'Town/and commanding the Cart, 
er to turn to let him go by, and he not^Stirringqulokly, the repeated his 
commands with a raised Voice and threats, upon whicb the blunt Carter 
with a mouthful of ill Language demanded who be was,that being On : foot 
would make * Carriage Loaded as that was turn- out of the way for him ; 
he'replfcoyiaw tteQnerntt'.^ the :"Oart*r: ^told him he lied, iot that 'the 
Governor-was ^^more ofa-jjentlema^and bad more toonjwrr-taeahlng «#n- 
tideration than to "expect 'Such a Ihing, and began to use bis whip 'Bflt 
rbetog prevented from proceeding',' ? be ^too late discoyered hk 'Tnlstak^and 
then 'being 'as ready with his isubmfssion < as he nad been before with his 
whip, he was obliged to tbe'GoVernor that he let him escape without much 
further notice; g# "''' ; ' 9 V> «4l ■••:■'*• 1 ■•'■■'• - } ' 
•' "HNor Were affrOnfs of this krnd iil that (ho GoVernor met with in depart- 
ing from the proper Character nf his station, '.- The .'substantial partof the 
Inhabitants saw *lth concern the'gfowirig fll effects of his loose conduct, 



and example. Some of them spoke of ! it to him from 'time to time, hot to 
very little purpose ' The Assembly also had not been wanting as well on 
this occasion as the publick ^measures of his Government. But at length 
finding nothing else would do, but an application to get him removed, they 
at their session* last 'mentioned made a Catalogue of his failings,' and re- 
monstrated them to the Proprietary, wherein among other tilings they set 

forth— k."=i --»■:.•.-. %*&&& r ;i »vv ■.■■■-.'-r:.-: SjSRJfl&i '■fo©3 3iil f<S 

"That baring set up •' pretended Militia, he did by proclamations exempt 
those that would enlist therein from Watching, Warding and Serving as 
Constables, 4c; and that although it had been discontinued and never mus- 
tered since the false Harm in May, 1700, yet the Exemption was still con- 
tinued against Law, to the great oppression of those that did not so enlist 
That the Proprietary pursuant to the powers granted him by Letters Patent 
had made certain Constitutions and concessions containing divers Bights, 
Liberties and Privileges, -which he gave the people a very sacred assurance 
they should enjoy. That in pursuance of the royal Grant, he also incorpo- 
rated the CHy of Philadelphia, Testing the Major and Aldermen with the 
Power of conserving the peace and trying Larcenies and other small offen- 
ces punishable by Fine or Whipping. That the said Lieutenant Governor 
was in duty bound to Rule *he Province according to the True intent of 
those Constitutions and Concessions until they were disallowed by the 
Queen, yet had used several ways to elude and render them ineffectual*. 

_ _ In connection with the matter relative to the Division Line between 
East and West Jersey, on page 412 of Smith's history of New Jersey, and 
the •! Narrative of Dr. Coxe, , 'Vhich forms Appendix No. IV to the volume, 
the following details are given in the original manuscript : ■ : . . -, . „'-.;. 
'.•* Upon the first essay made for running the Division Line in 1687, ac- 
cording to the Quintipartite Agreement, it was thought by the Western 
Proprietors that too much of their best lands were surveyed to the east- 
ward; as a compensation for which the 6th of September, 1688, Doc'r 
Coxa, on Behalf of the West Jersey, and Bobert Barclay, on Behalf of the 
East Jersey Proprietors, entered .into Articles of Agreement in London, for 
running a Division line as follows : ,. '.. :,.,-, .',; r . j S r - '.., ,,.-,. 
^&gf0$l8J{f .jv>r.;\-<, :i^H-?;^t £<« Loxdoh, Sep tem'rith, 1688. , 
mit fc (agreed -this Day by Dr. Daniel Coxe, Governor, of the Province of 
West Jersey, on behalf of himself And *11 ;th« rest of ? the iProprietors of 
that Province, on the ode' part, and Jlobert Barclay,- Governor of the Pro- 
vince of E : Jersey, on behalf of himself and all the rest or< the Proprietors 
ofthatProvln<^ontheoti»erpar^aa;followeth,-vJs: i g ffaiSJ^^i? 
I 'For^he Determination of -all 'Differences concerning thepeed of 
Partition and all other Disputes and Controversies about dividing theLends 
and SetHng the Bounds between East and West Jersey. -Ate'tw «fc ' 

First, The Line of Partition run straight from Little Egg harbour to the 
most westerly comer of John Doble's Plantation, as it stands on the south 
branch of. Rarlnton Elver, shall be the bounds so far between East and 
West Jersey, and shall not be altered but remain as it stands on % Printed 



draught of • the Proprietors^ Lands *orwyed in Ei.Vftrtey.aj^.djawn by 
John Beid, and since Printed here. ;: < te/£4M\\i.' 

Secondly,- from thence to Bun along .the -Back of .the J^ojniog Planja- 
tions until it comes to James Dundasse his Plantation, and from thence at 
the most North- Westerly part thereof, a Ltoe^.iye/Jown.witha Line .on 
the back of* those PlanUtions and :M,to;^I?or$*;^wajtl^#.toj^ 
the North-branch of the Barinton Biver as It Is struck upon the Map .alrea- 
dy, but savetng the ^Plantations already laid out to^e withjn .the Line if 
they happen to stand a Little more westerly than that Line is marked. 

Thirdly, from the North end of the Line where it touches Barinton 
North Branch, Thence forward the Largest stream or Current of Water 
belonging to the said North Branch, shall be the Bound or Partition, and 
so continuing along the same unto the North end thereof lor the Bounds 

EO far. '. ■••*-.—*- . '-...■:•■ ..-.-;{...> 5',-/; 

Fourthly, from the said North end of the Branch, * abort straight Line, 
to run to touch the nearest part of Pisaiok Biver, and so following the 
course of that Biver continuing into Poquanick Biver bo long as it runs 
Northerly or North Westerly, those Rivers still to be the Bounds between 
both Provinces, and if Poquanick Biver do not run far enough, to the Lat- 
itude of £1 Degrees, then from, the said river a straight Line to be run 
Northward to the Latitude and that to be the utmost North Partition Point, 
and from the said Point in a straight Line due East to the Partition Point 
on Hudsons Biver between East Joreey and New York; Provided always 
that all Plantations and Tracts of Land laid out and surveyed before this 
agreement arrive in East Jersey} shall remain to the parties concerned, and 
the Partition shall so Run as to Include them within East Jersey Bounds. 

Lastly, Or. Coxe doth Covenant and promise To make good the Agree- 
ment above written and warrant the Title and quiet Possession of all the 
Lands so to be appropriated to the Proprietors of East Jersey according to 
the Limits and bounds above mentioned, against all Persons that shall or 
may Pretend or Claim any Interest to any of the Baid Lands as W.«Jersey 
Proprietors; and Bobert Barclay doth covenant and promise to make good 
the Agreement above written, and Warrant the Title and quiet possession 
o! Lands so to be appropriated to the Proprietors of W. Jersey, according 
to the Limits and bounds above mentioned, against all Persons that'shall 
or may pretend or Claime any Interest to any of the said Lands, as E. Jer- 
sey Proprietors. For performance of all and every the Bespective Articles 
and Covenants herein mentioned, they dp mutually bind themselves each to 
the other in the sum of £6000, to be well and truly paid on the Break of any 
of the Clauses and Covenants herein before mentioned. In witness where- 
. of they have Interchangably set their Hands and Seals the day and year 
first above written. 

Sealed and Delivered 
in the presence of 
David Howltjjo, 
Stxphxh Lrascx. 

B. BARCLAY. •{ sxal }■ 




180 • 8Ey,EWlOJfS 1TROU 8Wni JOB. >. 


But Jersey, but not so ; readily by those of West Jersey, as they .thought 

had fetfll ' grently the adyAntago, they however, for iwm'eTeasons 
it ; bdt their unfetslnesft wt» »fterw»rda renewed on the subso - 
...tnpU-of the -E««t.ITe^ Jersey Proprietors to run out the line, 
both have -oi several times <seemed desirous the Line should be 
'rtfti out ahd filed, the necessary 

■ V-***- 

&fip ^>/ t'V:,v-*; -afjjt^.'ij: >5 ?fii:,Tn ^*;;'-^ 


1 -'->.;:>' Ke^ytySTi'ad 


iii ***? 


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s*S wSlSS^l E D I N G IS 

•. .-.;: :.;■' :- ■■■- - fit 5HO " 3 /-','►•• ' ' ' /• ! i ' ! I £ '• ' - ' ::.-.•"' 

- - • 




' • . ; * 


: 1859. 


' l ; ''. I V ^-^ ; ..' '. . Tbzntok, JanuarjSOth, 185°. 

The Annual Ussmio of the Society IFJW held In this place, to-day, at ' 
the City Hall In the absence of the President, the Chair was taken at 13 
o'clock by the Hon. Jaxzs Paueeb, first Vice President. 

, ; > ^.Lvt'r* '<': v ■••:'.'■'.■■:..'.: /■•:-.■ :/r^f.-r-'---i .'- '^ -" V ■ -\ < 

After the reading of the minutes of the last meeting' by the/ Recording 
Secretary, Mr. Hitxs : the Corresponding Secretary, Mr. Wbitkbzio, kid 
nppn Ihe table the ' correspondence since May, consisting of letters from 
Hon. G. C. Verplanck, Chas. M. Leupp, Esq., and DrJ Charles E. Pearson, 
of New York; Bey. BL R. Craven^ D.D., Eev. John Hall, D.D.,' Rev. P. 
De Venye, snd Charles Podge," Jr., Esq., of .New Jers«^ f *nd U.C. free- 
man, Esq., of Illinois, acknowledging in appropriate terms their election m 
Honorary, Corresponding, or Besldenrtlembers ;' from the Secretary of the 
Interior, -Librarian 1 of the State of Oblo, "Joseph Boyd, Esq., 0/ Oharieg- 
town, Mass., and 8. Alofseh, . Esq., of Jersey City, .transmitting donations 
for the Library ; 'from the Wisconsin Historical Society, suggesting an ap- 
plication to Congress for an appropriation of land to Historical Societies; 
the Smithsonian Institution,- American Antiquarian Society, and Historical 
Societies of Maine, Massachusetts, ■ Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Maryland, 
snd Wisconsin, and the Trustees of the New York State Library, acknowl- 
edging the receipt of the Society's publications'; and from sundry other 
gentlemen upon matters connected with the Society's operations. 

;Ths Suggestions of the Wisconsin' Historical Society,' relative to the ap. 
plication to Congress, were embodied in a well prepared memorial, setting 
iorth tho claims of the/ Historical Societies of the Union, to the favorable 
consideration' of the "Great Council of the Nation ' in the' Way. proposed. 
Nearly all of them Jute languished for want of adequate means to carry 

'■ --: 

~ .- ' 



out their noble plans of usefulness, and bat two or three in the Union bare 
at jet edifices of their own for the security and preservation of their ines- 

' tunable treasures. Thoy not only need fire-proof edifices, but permanent 
endowments, so that they may hare a sufficient income to gather . appro- 
priate materials of manuscripts, books, papers, and all other illustrative 
historical matter, to pay necessary employees, augment their libraries, bind 
their manuscripts, pamphlets, documents, and papers, and publish their 
collections and transactions, A request is therefore presented. for an appro- 
priation of land to each of the several States for the exclusive benefit of 

- their respective Historical and Antiquarian Societies.. 

The. Librarian, Mr. Coxoar, announced the donations received since the 
last meeting— the total number of volumes added to the Library from do- 
nations and exchanges being 205, and about 100 pamphlets; the total num- 
ber of the former now being 2,380, and of the latter, 8,160. 

Among the works procured by exchange were " Freneau's Poems," and 
the Hon, Mr. Dayton, drawing attention to 'the fact of his having been a 
Jerseyman, and that the circumstances of his later life were very little known, 
suggested the procurement of a biographical sketch, more full than any 
other he had seen,; which was published in a newspaper shortly after his 
death, and which he thought might be obtained from, some connections of 
Tfreneauln NewYork. • ''- :,: .- -.,.;-../.•.■-:.. -. M -. r .'■•_';. ';'- 

As Treasurer, Mr. Cokoab reported a balance in the Treasury of $395 86, 
iBduding:|80«pelonging x to-the Building Fund. . .-1 -..>.! 

'.'"The report of thf JLrecutiYe Committee was received from. Aaousa, Git- 
irostyfEsq., in, which the propVieryof giving a wider range , to the papers 
prepared for th«, Society was advoried to, and tho, prevalent idea tha| they 
sh^4jbe restricted to local t6pi<%combptea. OtiWHJstoricaf Societies. 
Kjt^nded thdr^inquWes'^ to subjects not entirely historical, and the yaried 
^chaaciar ;iof '^e^worksand of the articles admitted into the library and j 
jea^ej^ warranted a similar course |n New Jersey. '., It' would jbe. well if ■ 
1^^$°$ i^fiS hi M°P^-^? w h^ch the weekly: issues of, newspspera 
eop^VrWj^^ and "filed. .Thejmanjrrara and excellent enronr 

J^'jJ&r)*^ Mwi^S^?!*^^ h * Tft PTOTed tq be of great usefulness, 
^BJTO^^^«^v^ e .on?i P.e»ns,9f fixing .periods t to eYen.ts.tbat 
S^I^R^HW^ ^ *Khw as jnatiers pf history, or, as evidence in 

* M^Si^m^F^jM.M.ftS W. » our las* annual 
^porMhat^O^ being; inasased, by ( tbe t ri»Jn.Talue.of Jbo«a} ..«#./ 

mm m^^fims^^lm^w &*&** grot .wior 

S^Wj J9$ FW 1 ? «j* JSmto •g»lnst 4 fir Al butto-roppbrI% 

•VP^.tp^no u mo<fo °* VT» D g«m«njk ,but by crow$ng.:th*m,tai u plic»tej 
*$** ^m^^wfrpm sigh^many that may ,be,aqugb4 /or. v $ a > : .. . ;•_ 

'■:■•>■ ' • £ 


MBETtsa is nxjrton. 


Another consideration for the Society is that of using the Building- Fund 
($208) inBOme manner 80 as to yield an interest, and may yet readily be 
appropriated for its specific object when. required. ■- < 

We commend to our members continued attention to the gatherings and 
contributions which constitute the worth of our Society. • Unlike most 
institutions of the day; we have nothing'of speculative consideration which 
can induce any one to become a member of, or be interested for the Society. 
Jt is tho single motive of being useful in the times we occupy that can 
give that interest which tttrj considerate man will acknowledge Involves 
a duty, if not hert to bo executed, certainly will bo required in some other 
sphere of moral obligation, where his exertions and talents may be best 
and most profitably bestowed for his country's good. 
.- - •<■•.- , - ' '.'.■ -\ ■■■-•■ ■ z- ■■;■■,■' ' - ■ '- _ '...'-.-■: - 

Hon. William L Dattok, from the Committee on Publications, report* 
ed that the Fifth volume of the Collections of the Society, which was on 
the eve of publication when the last meeting was held, had been since dis- 
tributed to the subscribers, and placed for sale in the usual depositories for 
such works. It had received very general commendation, but only a few 
copies had yet been sold, although every person, interested in the history 
of the State, would find it useful in prosecuting any inquiry connected 
therewith. The copies subscribed for by the State had been delivered 
and the amount realized therefrom, with that received from other subscri- 
bers, had enabled the Committee to meet the expense of the publication 
without encroaching materially upon tho limited sum in the treasury. 

Since the last meeting, another number of the "Proceedings"— being 
}To. & of YoL VIII.— had been issued, containing, besides the current busi- 
ness of the last two meetings, the papers .xf Mr. Parker and Mr. White- 
head, read in January; the Extracts from the Revolutionary Journal of 
Lieut Bang?, submitted by Mr. AlofseD, in May ; selections from the Un- 
published Manuscripts of Samuel Smith, and other matter of interest, ren- 
dering it peculiarly valuable, -\ .' 

The Committee thought it proper to remark that these " Proceeding*" 
of the Society differed from the publications of kindred associations under 
the same title— their contents being mere diversified and valuable; and 
they would probably attract more attention were they put forth in a less 
unpretending form, for the volumes completed will compare favorably with 
those that other Societies have published as their "Collections;" arid as 
the numbers are issued are sent gratuitously to all the paying members 
not in arrears ; to secure their possession should be an additional induce- 
ment to remit the annual dues to the Treasurer promptly. 'By a resolution 
of the Society, Life, Honorary, .and Corresponding Members are supplied 
with tho Proceedings at cost 

The Committee also suggested to the members the propriety of securing 
for themselves copies of the publications of the Society v>hile they are 
obtainable, as it is probable that certain .volumes will before, long be tech- 
nically "out of print,' 1 as has been the case for some time with the first 

f - 

I- . 

■ J 3 




Volumes of the "Collections. 1 ' There are only a. few copies of the ihird 
volume of the " Collections" remaining, and the third .volume of the " Pro- 
ceedings," also, is nearly exhausted. 

'•-..■'-■■ >■ ' &> - Si t^ 

I -S'S: 

Mr. Dobtbe, from the Committee on the Fire-Proof Building, reported 
that they had not been able to carry out the wishes of the Society, rela- 
tive to procuring temporarily a lire-proof room for the accommodation of 
the library, -and that nothing bad been done toward an increase of the fond 
for the proposed building. -Mr. D, expressed his Individual ©pinion, "that 
- one-fifth of the amount required could be raised in the count/ of Essex ''- * 

The Nominating Committee submitted the names of three gentlemen as 
candidates for membership, who were elected; and further nominations 

were received. :-' J . • — ' '.'■;•■' ' '- ■;>.-. 

, ■* The following Standing Committees for 1859, were appointed by the 
• Chairman: A -'.••-• .... \>:- t r • i ;-J - -. • •_• -' 

v On Pubmc2tions— Bev. Dr. Murray, Richard 8. Field, Wm. A. White- 
head, Dr. S. H. Pennington, and Henry W. Green. -> -.- . 
i On Puhchasxs— Wm, A. Whitehead, 0.0. Haven, 8. Alofeen, S. H. 
Congar, and Bev. Dr. Davidson. ';:>>•*. "<- ■• , - ' • : - *.• 

0* Statistics— Dr. Lewis Condlct, J. P. Bradley, John Bodgers,' Dr. 
Btephen'OoDgar,and Dr, L.A. Smith. 

0* Nowiuxiohs— David A. Hayes, Peter S. Duryee, and President Mc 

; i^-^.vr; : v^/''';^ir;W. r .r:( : . ., _ . -, 

^Oh Pna-PBOOf Boiu>tiia--D.i 8. Gregory, Peter S. Duryee, B. S. 

, Field, W. P. Robeson, JohnNChadwIck, Oortlandt Parker, and Walter 
Rufterrard; ^ v -^ ■ ■ ,- : .' ■ \ > ;.-••••.'•. -.. j ' l > -- 

*Th«Chair also appointed Bev. Dr. Hall, Walter Butherfurd, and Littleton 
Klrkpatrick, a Committee to nominate officers for the ensuing year, 'and 
lipon their nomination the following were elected officers for 1859: 
''* Pbssudbht— tToskph 0. Hobnblowbr, LL.D. 

4 Vnm PMStowns— James Parkef, William L. Dayton, Blchard S. Field. 
'CoBMSFOironro S«caiTA8T—Wm. A. Whitehead. 

, >:il»p6B4>6ro-"Swja»TXBr— David Ai Hayes.' :; -t 

^**«^3%»Tra^ArcherGifford, Nicholas Murray, D.D., Dudley 
%m^rf t BmxjVf. Green, 'Vui P. Bobesdn; Bev. Henry B. Shermab. 
Ret. R K. Rodgirs, William Pennington, Peter 8. Duryee. ~, 

. y>. The Society then adjourned for dinner. ■'•'<- ''.■;, .;->'/ 

W>;wvy : ^^-'. :■ -■.- --^.-.iiif'? r 'V. ,"'■' '' ; .j ■ • : " 

j Onio*ssembling at three o'clock, the number of members in attendee! 
was considerably increased, and the 1 members of the Legislature, with 
» totfaf «f tho most prominent genUenien of the State, wore present ' 
j'Ontnotioh'of Mr. Hat^Uwm tf&jfiifjff* 

.■■■ ■ ' ■ >. 1 ._• ..■. 

' - ■'-''-' ' . , 

i i . 




*«^«i»Zwd, That the- Treasurer be authorized to Invest,' »t interest,' the. 
amount of the Building Fund In his hands."' -• •' 

•.-'.,:< ... ;.'. ■{■ i : ;-,;. ; ..; it- . !<->\i y-\- ■ ■ ■ ' 

Mr. Whitehead, referring to the communication received from the Wis- 
consin Historical Society, on the subject of on application to Congress, 
submitted the following resolution : .;' -/>",; :•• . '■■'■'■ 

: ."5wo?e«2,i That the Executive Committee :be requested to .cooperate 
With other* Historical Societies, in memorializing Congress and in other 
appropriate measures, to obtain grants of land to the several States, for 
the benefit of their respective Historical and Antiquarian Societies.". " •• -" <'• 

Mr. Field seconded the resolution, and drew attention to the significant 
Diet that the proposed measure originated with the Historical Society of a 
State pot in existence when the Historical . Society .of New Jersey aras or- 
ganized, but Which had already obtained a proud position among similar 
institutions, from .the energy and activity of its members, and the lib* 
erality of the Legislature of the State, which was the first in the Union, 
he .believed, to foster by an annual appropriation, -an institution- of . the- 
kind. . The resolution was adopted. ,./,{• >.-'.'■ .-..;•. ] ,'.'* 

-:,,"• . v.:-,,; •-;-■ .,■:;: -^\^. y r , .- (i .. .~\J- 

Mr. 0.0. Havbn presented for examination a printed " Broadside, 1 ? ,gir» 
ing an account of the Battle of Lexington, which was. pnblisbed at Sialepa^. 
Massachusetts, two days after tha battle, having on it the names of those 
killed, with the representation of a coffin over each. --This relic was In 
tolerable preservation, and from its rarity attracted much attention.' }> -r A. 

In connection with this, Mr. Have* stated that there were present at 
the meeting two aged, widows of men of the Revolution. The oldest, 
Mrs. Abigail Stafford, (born Smith) was the widow of Lieut. James B,'8Ut 
ibrd, of the U. S. Navy, of the Bevolutlonary War, and was born in th» 
northwest parish of old Dedbam, Massachusetts. She helped to run melt- 
ed pewter into bullets, which were fired at the British troops, by the pat- 
riots of her family, at the .battle Of Lexington, April l&tb, 1775. ' JHer 
grandfather, Ephralm Bacon, had five sons and five sons-in-laws in .that 
engagement Her .father, Henry Smith, was wounded, and two of. her 
uncles, viz., Lieut John Bacon, of Needham, and Jonathan Smith, of 
Natick, were killed by the British on that day. Her grandfather belonged 
to Captain James Mann's company, in .Col. Samuel Bullard's regiment, 'tnd 
was the tiuids of the American troops'that night to Lexington. ^SW is 
now about ninety-three years of age ; her mental faoultles are good, and 
she can write without spectacles, J ' '■ ^ 

• The other old lady was Mrs. Sarah Webber; sged about eighty-six years. 
.flha is the widow of John Webber, a private and drumrtef of the New 
•Hampshire line. * Her/ first husband was'Thomas Wiggins, m native;^ 
New Jersey, but a soldier of the Pennsylvania line, who* served 'soTttt 
years and eight months, and was at the battle of Brandywine. " Both bus- 
bands were pensioners under the act of 1818. These ancient ladies reside 
at No. 45 South Warren street, Trenton. ' : 


xxsrnra in trenton. 

'3 Mr. Field drew the attention of ' the Society to the fact that the first Med- 
ical Society in the Union was organized in New Jersey as early as July 23, 
1789, and from a number of the Medical Reporter of 1848, read some por- 
tions of the preamble and resolutions preceding the formation of the Con- 
stitution, remarkable for their peculiar forco and fitness. This Society held 
its meetings regularly until 1770,- when they were intermitted, bat were 
resumed in 1783, when a minute appears upon the record that "the war 
(which has been productive of the happy revolution In America) having 
claimed the attention of all ranks of freemen, most of the members of this 
8ociety took an early and decided part in the opposition to British tyranny 
and oppression, - and were soon engaged either in the civil or military du- 
ties of the State"— and consequently it was impracticable to hold meetings. 
The names of those originally associated, were Robert McKean, (rector of 
St. Peter's Church, Perth Amboy, for several yean,) Chris, Menlove, 
John Cochran, Moses Bloomfleld, "(the father of Governor Bloomfleld, the 
man' who could not celebrate the Declaration of Independence until he had 
formally emancipated the slaves he had,) James GillQand, William Bur- 
net, (father of the late Judge Burnet of Ohio) Jonathan Dayton, Thomas 
Wiggins, William Adams, Bern. Budd, Lawrence Yanderveer, John Grlf-' 
fith, (father of Wm. Griffith, one of New Jersey's most distinguished law- 
yers,) Isaac Harris, and Janus Sachet, Jk^jj l^Jj," "•'' ";"■! '' 

The Military Convention, which had been in session at Temperance' Hall, 
having been invited to attend the sitting of the Society, here entered the 
Sail, and Ool J. R. Fans* dilivered an address " M On the Battle Fields of 
New Jersey," reviewing the prominent points of the four principal engage- 
ments on oar soil— at. Trenton, at the Assanpink, Princeton, and Mon- 
mouth ; and referring incidentally to others of less consequence in differ- 
ent parts of the State, and suggesting the erection of a monument to com- 
memorate the difforent battles,' 

After some spirited comments from Messrs. Fold, Hajqckll, J. P. Jack- 
sos^and the Chairman, the thanks of the Society wore tendered to CoL 
F&etsx, and a copy of his address requested, to be deposited in the archives 

M^. Futn then offered the following resolutions : '; 

"jfetohedi That this Society has learned with regret of the death. Since 
their last meeting, of tho Hon. Wiluak A. Ddkb, LL.D., one of the Vice 
Presldents. ? ;v^:;.. ■;.;-, :'••:. \ .. ■■:,'.; 'ti'Skti-y \'-J>'i:it'-J , \v^<~' , *'-*< '--•--' *W^ .v<.r.. 

"£ex>h«d> That his high public and private character, the deep interest 
which he has a] wayi taken in the Society, and the valuable contributions 
he has made to Its publications, make his loss deeply deplored, and. entitle 
him to be held in "grs4efhl.rstoem^rsn)^? , .:^V , !' ;; ""i'V^; : Tt > '•>-• - 

Mr. Fold accompanied the. presentation of the resolutions with some 
pertinent remarks upon the eminent worth of Mr. Doer— his high standing 
in private and public life— the positions of influence he held in 'his native 




fl^'fNewTori) and the earnest teal - he had iiunlfestedXfostering 
Wb^SSt, to the welfare cf New Jersey rince he *£*ed here; 
IS S?ed 'particularly to the interests .had ever manned in the 

„4 J. r -ii« to whatever might advance; its objects. ... 

' ?Z -1 S&IS3S unon two prominent features of Judge Diss's 
2SiU2|SS£S X* TdecK-tbe one tendering Urn elwjys 

$S to m te^g influence, of *W^Aj^^$L 
Tigor. *& *«&* and P^cal, into Jhj old man. ^g^g^ 

with which we were conversant, and which we could most reaajiy vv*. 

re then adopted, and they were oraereo. » «. ™g. 

cntheMmutes'lnfull.^ •- V * J ■ ; f . ' . ' -^ 

Society^ adjourned toiieet in Nswxns, on the third jgfc& 

vnext $ ■-' : :'- 

' •■;.:•. • - ". . . ■ • ..•■•.' :•',■■• 

of May 

■ •■ • ■- 


• - ; ... - 
• - . • i 

. I 


- V - • 


'■ '■ ■■ ■ v :'»5 v 
J^StSU, 1859. 




. '£*■ ^Gordon .BUTnhainj-^w^itdW^ 

l Frederick T. Buraham^orrii^n. : 
Rev. Robert B. Crocs, .ffM *run«tkh. 

- - 




. : 



' 2 £* £ " "« '* I* • ? "« "''' '-■''■ ''■ «* '• 


1 8 if #& 

• v<:i> 

.' ri<r 

I •:».-"• *~ •-■■-.' . 

• •'•'V- ->-. ■ . . 

■ £• . • -j • • *r • ■ » • 

• 8 '• »3 H&f* *■• 
• . la. • "S • .♦.-• 

8-3 J :<- : : : 






" n-« • • 

' 8g SSI :*: : ? 

If? - 

•Pfi : :*?> s 

a I f - 

' °$i -• . •- 

sill - 

J 'la ~ 

. b frW v"-'-' 





,%«•>•. : .. 

: • I* '•• 

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' v ' 

-...'■ '' :..-<:.,.' ,--,v.-.^.'i» '.-' ' ■ . :,^.vs>>< 

••,■?••- 7,i >.'r "; ; v-. . ■- ■-..-• ".ij.' - ^u-v:- ■ f ibr:?:U.'*<YtK I - ' . • 
, .. ;,- ; LAD) BEFORE JTHE SOpIETT, JANUARY 21, 185?. 

, % ■*;.:.. V •< ">. ,--■■ • .. . 

,,•.. rrom Ear. Dr. Join H«JL ..,- 

' * " . Trbnton^ May 25, 1858. 
Mr Dear Sib : I have received the notice of my admission to the His* 
torical Society, and the accompanying Constitution. 
• My history of the Trenton Church has been delayed by the constant ad-. 
dition of new materials, but I hope to send a copy; to the library in the 
course of the year. ■ . ' 

. Archibald Home, or Hume, is mentioned in Gov. Morris* Papers as Dep- 
uty Secretary, and member of the Council in his administration, (pp. 122, 
132, 187, 219, 283.) I have reason to believe that ho was buried in our 
^church-yard, April 1, 1774, and In a vault in which » "Mr. Freeman" waa 
also buried.,. A newspaper of 1806'.caUf Hume •{» Scotchman of very con* 
siderable acquirements, and brother" to the x -lebrated Sir John Hume, who 
came over and resided in Trenton some months .after the decease of his 
brother. w " > tt^also .speaks ';of Mr. "Freeman as ,l a man of considerable ['con-~ 
siderable cdnnerioiis'in'thV.^ I can collect of the; 

three persons named. :i If you have ever found traces of them (especially 
•'the 1 ' celebrated Sir Johh")^t would be i great favor fo Inform' me now t*- 
can set on the track. '■*■: ;/■■'{> .-^i: ■ ; 

-■■■y^.\v:,,' .O.y,':.:; :■■ .: Ytry truly yours, -A' i>.v ^ov -J; ^ -^ 

. "W. ArWmrvizMD, Esq., Cor. Sec, N. J, Hist Society, . .: , 5 . , 

' . ..:■• ;:...-• '.'.--^ : >o ? .'.y; :. -^ 

f '■-:■ 

...-.:; i '■' -\--. \ 


^' [ " 

--:-■" vv-.-./vAi I ' 


. 4 ' 3 ^Fro« Hon. ,(WUd a T«rpUncfc 

■■: i ' _'_: ■:■,.*>.'>: ~. J . -v. ' : ; NbwYobk, June?, 18!j8 t ,'i 

Sib: 'I thank the New Jersey Historical Society for the honor they have 
done me in associating me to their body as an Honorary Member. Your 
State is' rich in historical recollections and associations of many kinds, 
Which should not be traffercd to fade away. If it should be in my power 
to aid In preserving any of these, it will give mo great pleasure to do so, 
. Tou reftr in your letter to my having been 1 at some former time connecl- 
■ed with kHterary circle,; which tised^to meet in the vicinity of your jclty. 
The only circumstance of my life to which this can refer must be the habit 
of jpiy friend, W.'.O. Bryant, and .'myseu*, of visiting frequcnUy .the late 



Robert C. Sands at Hoboken— * scholar and a man of genius, whoso mem- 
ory is, I fear, fast fading from public recollection, g ) These visits led to the 
joint authorship and publication of a ,Uteraj7*iniacelh>nj^j«bD*hed; 

in the then fkahionable. form of an annual, under the title of "The 
Talisman." I hare already, preserved a brief memorial of this In a bio- 
graphical memoir of Sands, prefixed p the collection of his poeticai and 
miscellaneous writings published sbortly after his death, - 

■ ■■.- -^' " " "Tsmyours, .• :.- 

. __ \ '& ^- -„ k '■ V v - a °- VERPLANOK. 

W. A. Whitihiad, Esq., Cor. Sec N. J. Hist' Society. • 

v ..--.I 4~-.~- r 

: ' 


■*i -•' 

■i.!. ,r 

^m t^^m^riwn^^fjruarw'n ^%— Proceedings of the Al A. o 
t W « the semiannual meeting In Boston, April 28, 1858, and at the 1ui- 
.nual meeting at Worcester, Oct £i;i&8." /"' ; Vi r " • ^. 

JFVow <A« American J>M. r 
^Vol, L VL, Januarys-June, 

i -FWm fcfa J/«*MAt««to Hitteric, 

Published at the charge of the 

From tht Connecticut Bittorical 

Society— Proceedings of '"the Society- 
No. 69. {"■ ;"'-.;. '"^ .-,,;/■.:"'■ ".■/',. 
ScM$y— Vol. 17. of the Fourth Series. 
~>leton Fund '. 

ty-^Minutes of the General Asso- 
ciation, of Connecticut, June 15, 1858, with an Appendix. 

s5Si$? F 3 *?^;^^ ^y-^Reportof the Joint Select Com- 
. mtte« on alleged frauds aad; caption in the disposition of the Land 

«^^^f^^:^^ourMls of the Senate and Asae'iably—Doc- 
^^^^^WM^0^M.4Mn Of the State of New 

TIB* Annual Reportof the Trustees of theSmtelJbrtay; v|, ;r:! Report on State Cabinet y' :W!3S 

^C*tsl<*uej>rB^ W r> 




From lU&eparthwit of Stqfeof thfilT. 8. A.— Executive and : i3enats . 

; Documents— comprising parts of the Reports of Gillie's U. S. Naval As- 
tronomical Expedition, The Exploration and Surrey 'for a Pacific -Rail- 
road, and the typan Expedition. '18 volumes.' *' 

From the Department of the Interior— Journals of tho Senate and House 
of Representatives, 1st, 2d, and 8d Sessions of the 84th Congress ; Ex- 
ecutive Documents ; Reports of Committees ; Reports "of TJ. 8,^Oourta 
of Claims, &Cv\; 108 Tprames. ^ 

From Eon. J. B. Wortendyle—'RtpoTt on the Commercial Relations' of (he 
• U. S. with all Foreign Nations. Vol." 3. : v u ttj : ^ - - - - '. - 

From Eon. Wm. Wriffnt— Reports of the Superintendent v of the Coast 

' Surrey for 1851 and 1858. * . 

"Of Surrey for Pacific Railroad. Vol 7. : ' 

Of the Commissioners of the General Land Office on the Bastrop 

• Gr » nt - . ■;' - • ' '.-•. ■'./■■*-- 'J ' 

Of a Select Committee of the Senate on Abuses, Bribery, Fraud, ftc - 

• Also, Letter of W. Re Kyan Bey to Ed de Leon, oh the Dromedary. 
From Eon. A. 0. M. Pennington— Ths Congressional Globe,' Part 8, 1st 

Session 84th Congress. - . . ; - V ', M \ 

From John S. i?ttr7W£^-American 'Annals of the Deal" and Dumb.'; Vols. 

-.7 »nd 8.V-,.': ":/-':: ; ; y ■-.''■ . •■■ .'■'•:-;; : '-%" '■' ' '.': ;V '. ' .'" 
Thirty -ninth Annual Report and ^Documents of the New\x*ork Insti- 
tute for Deaf and Dumb. '-'■". -; :-■ •' — ; - ,-j \i ■:<•';■■*■ -U- 
- '.Also, the Legal Rights and Responsibilities of the Deaf and Dumb, by 
Harvey L. Peet, LL D., and a Biogragraphical Sketch Of Dr.'Pe_et,' ; 1frit- 
ten by John R. Burnet ''"-, ■.)';■,• ■'■'■•; .- ,•'■'• r ":„ ■\-,i> > '\ 

From J. Watt* do Pty$Ur— Tht Battle of the. Sound or Baltic ; fought 
Oct 80, (0. S.) 1658, between the Hollanders and Swedes. ,: By J. '.W. 
i de Peyster, descendant of the Hollanders. 

From Wm. J. fiavti, Eig.-rA. Journal of the Expedition to Quebec, In tha 

■■ year 1775, under the command of ,06K'Be'nedict Arnold. ; By James Mel- 
•viri, of Capt Dearborn's company. - ' \-\- : . 

From W. A. THitentod—Piersoit'* Newark Directory for IMS; '44^ '4*, 
'47, '48, '49, '50, '51, '52, '54, and '55. ; : / 

From Wm. Peach Lawrence, the ^uflbf^VJsitation and Search, or a His- . 
torical. Sketch of the British Clarai"io 'exercise a', Maritime Police Over 
the vessels of all nations, in peace' asjwell aain 'war, with ""an^Inqolry 
into the Expediency of terminating the Eighth' Article' of the Aahburton 

. Treaty. , •.. .. v ;- .,,„.-; , 
• From the Author; Oharlet J. BxuhneU-rhn' Arrangement or Tradesmen a 

i . '.Cards, Political Tokens, . Election, Medals) .Medalets, tcc. j current |n the 
V. S, for : theW six^ years. V From the i originals. . . ' ,y ■:.,- 

From R. P. Crocs, the Author— Old Fashioned Presbyterian Vieirs on (he 
Ministry and Sacraments of the Church. 

' -. ;• 



Fro* A. B. Thompton t \Etq.— Proceedings/* the General Society of the 
Cincinnati, with the original institution of the Order, and fac-simile of 
>~the signatures of the' original members of the State Society of i Pennsyl- 
vania; .Philadelphia, 1847. .« -i^-' iji r\ ; g y.^\- ; ; v- : ; 
From Buckingham .^^ 1 ii4y.-4Ve« son Premier Voyage, on No- 
-:Hce d'ano de convert© et exploration: primitive Du Qolfe Da Mexiqae et 
X!dM Ootesdcs Etats Uois, in. Par Mr, P. A. De Varnbagen, Member de 
la Sodete de Geographic. Extrait da Bulletin a la Society de Geographic, 
.<JanTier,etFeTrier,485&) , Paris, 1858, -/• w !• .^ 
-*"»» ' ■ ' Addresses of the newjy-appointed Professors of Columbia 
^College, with an Introductory Address by William Belts, LL.D.-Febru- 
ary,1858. '-' • \-' : --~ v ':' ; '.,>',-.', ,'V _/,;'. 
Tbirty-seTenth Annual Report of the Mercantile Library Association, 
, New York, with the Report of the Trustees of Clinton Hall Association. 
1857-58. '< ;"•--';. ; ■•;■-•-. ' - '••■•; - ( • 

From th* P«W«A«r— The Historical Magazine for June, July, SepL Oct. 

Hot., 1858, and Jan., 1859. : .:.i^./ : \ ,.v -,".v .'■■«■•■ ' ._ , 
From & /.Drake, Eia.-r The. New England Historical and -Genealogical 

Register for July and October, 1858, and January, 1859. . 
FromJfuph Boyd, Chartoton,' jfqu.—A Collection of Copper Coins, vis.. . 

New Jersey, 1787; Connecticut, 1787; Massachusetts, 1788; Louis 
. XVL, 1782; Napoleon HI., 1856; Louis XYI.; Republic of Prance;' 
. George IL, 1786; and Charles ^., 1837. . ,._A. 

From J>. A. ^ieholat, Morris Co., 2T. /.—A New Jersey ♦« Horse Head," 
< . :1787, (ixceHent.)'--.^,;;^^., &$#% . - „> f . ■:..■ : _:■',:. ± . ;, , * 
'FromHartman Vreeland, Btg.—h Cannon Ball from the site of FortDe- 
^. lancy, (now <^edSalterrilIey«adson county, New Jersey. 
• 'The following books hare beeV obtained in exchange for duplicates 
which, though not adding to the number, increase materially the value Of 
ttelAraiy^YM-^^y - kfhsM% >:■■.,; .yv-.::/.. v-.> v , ;/•■. 
,Tha Congressional Globe. -Vol 28>artsl, S l 'and8,'and Vol. 39. • 4 

Y0la>™'" : , ■ ■"• •','?•> •-•;'■: "■'•.■■ ■ :',-•/'-'/'? ',"♦:'■"-' -".•■' -'.-.-. •■•' 

^American Almanac for 1887,'42,- , 45 , ,»47, »49, '52. '53. '54 '55 'M 

and *7/ 11 vols, y -V V v y ■ : * -, ' ■ ' v** '. ■■'* 

; s Force's American ArchlTes. 8 toIs; 
, ^^JTfcfllf^VHfaV>i7' : tf•■NtwiDglallcL■ : ..aTol», 
f Newark Historical CoUections. : ^lyoL ' '^^ 

-Watson's Annals of PjuTadrfphia;? a Vols. 
Ameri<^ Reriew;-i8il^818.^4 toIs. v : v ; -1 

i^M^0^^^&^^^ Wtr, andother 
pieces.. By Philip Freeman.,. 2 vols. 1 *: >','■•• ■ >*£ \ ■■-■ "-*' •-,•:•."•'"■•':■■•' - '.*-■-■'.» 

hSSSW^VS Repository' of Ancient laid Moderii Fugitive 

'.TO? MW SSSM? gWggR Carej. From^lTeVk 

. ; • ' ■ - ., - ' . r ■ * '■ '-■,: - - ..- ■ . 

. • 


i ■ ■ 


f ; 


■ 1 ■:■ "^rriqB -Weeks shd Works";, of the Noble Poet, 0, Salust, Lord of Bar, . 
tas. \ Translated by SylTester, r« 1 j^^<: * ■-{> ^f^ **-.u/' 

- ..The Librarian receives regularly from the publishers, the State Gazette 
and Republican, the. Somerset Messenger, Hunterdon Democrat,- New 
-Brunswick Fredonian, Princeton Press, and Newark Register. 

The number of Tolumes added siica the meeting in May, Is 1C7 ; of 
pamphletg,'40; for the year; 205 Volumes and 91 pamphlets, and the whole 
number in the Society's Library is computed to be about 2,880 bound vol J 
times, including newspapers, and 8,166 pamphlets. • • >:' 

.'■ ! ■ - ■ , 

'■ - . 

<- "... '•"-', 


- .. • • . i 

- ' : . . .. NawABf, May 19th, 185?.' ,• 

' Tnia being the day prescribed for the meeting of the Society in this city, 
the members convened at 12 o'clock, in their room in the Library BuDding. 
In the absence of the President, the first Vice President,* Hon. Jxica Pas- 
ses, took the Chair. 



U >K\ . , 

After the reading the Minutes of the last meeting by the Recording Sec- 
retary, the correspondence since January was laid before the meeting by 
the Corresponding Secretary, comprising letters from Rev. J. F. Piogry, 
acknowledging his election as a resident member, and forwarding some val- 
uable coins for the Cabinet; from G. H. Larison, M.D., of Dolington, Pa.,* 
delating to the operations of the Society ; from Massachusetts Historical 
Society, acknowledging the receipt' of the Society's publications ; from the 
Librarian of the State of Ohio, proposing exchanges, from H. C. Tan 
Schaick, Esq., of Manlius, New York, with a donation for the Library; and 
from Hon. J. R. Wortendyke, announcing the transmission of tho docu- 
ments of the 84th and 35th Congress for the Library.- . * 
■ ,"■' v. .'•• '•■■. • '.'~- ■:,'. <■■'•!<' ; ; ... '.• 1: ■•: y'K'} v ■'■■-. - •.'<&:'.. 
■ The Librarian announced the donations received since January, and stated 
the balance in the Treasury to bo $312 17, of which $208 belonged to the 
Building Fond. .» : v ;.:-,; : .* -.,>• .'■ 

.' r' 

- -:i': 

Mr. WmTEHEAD, from the Committee on Publications, reported that no* 
thing had been issued since the last meeting, .but another number of tho 
Society's Periodical was in the hands of the printer, which, when publish* 
ed, would complete the eighth Volume of the Proceedings, and bring them 
down to the present time. It was desirable that (hose members who en* 

— — — H<Mllll>|Wl,t.-- J 



. gaged^toreiw the' necessary funds for 'printing the ( | Town Records" of 
Newark, should carry oat their intention as sood ss possible, as the man * 
uscrlpt wis ready. £i volume of U Collections" should, if possible, be pub- 
lished every Jwo years, sad it wa3 advisable, oa many accounts, that the 
next one Issued should contain tho Records. \ -.,■; -.. --..-.' 

iS i£&*&&3H--- 

>Mr. P. S-Dortm, from the Committee on the Fire-Proof Building Fund, 
said the Committee had no report to make, bat he would state that the lot 
owned by the Society, on which it was contemplated at some future day 
to erect a fire-proof building, had increased considerably la value, and might 
briug $4,000. No progress had be>nmade toward the erection of a build- 
ing, and as the papers of the Society were In great danger of being de- 
stroyed in case a fir* should occur In the neighborhood of the present 
room, the speaker did not know but that It would be advisable to secure a 
fire-proof room, which had been oflfcred to the Committee: It was a large 
and suitable room, and could be secured for a term of years at an annual 
rent of $300. He thought it highly necessary that some action should be 
taken to provide for the safety of the valuable property of the Society, in 
case of fire, and would urge the subject upon the atteatioa of the Society. 

Whereupon it was ... .;' T . * ■ . ... • 

.MSetqke^ That the Fire-Proof Building Committee be authorized to 
negotiate for the occupancy of some fire-proof room, provided that no In- 
debtedness shall be incurred that may Impair the general Kinds of the So- 

efety."-;.-^ •:■-• ..•-; V, ■-.-;-:.-;;- •,-, f: | -;,.,/•.; ~ .- 

: v;.A desultory conversation ensued as to the best mode of securing such 
acoommodations as the Society Wires for.its valuable collection of books, 
xnsnuscrlpls, Ac., in which Messrs. Morbjs, Ham, Jok. Paaxaa, Mob. 
jut, WHiiMaAD, and others parncipated-after which, on motion of Mr 

.WHrransAi), it was V % >'"' - k < ' 

; ^K^i^!^ be requested to 

, : toqulre ;i into the expediency of raisjng\sufflcient funds by subscription and 

bJ) mortgage to.erect a building upon.the Jot owned by the Society and 

,report at U»e,n«t meeting "^tt»,tt&pS?»'^'i ^«7,.aaa 

.^ , 0nn^onof'M^HA ; ^itwasl''C '• "vi^iv.' 

, "••^»feed, That a Committee pffive be appointed by the Chair to carrw 

outfce mmVfmi^S^ the pr^Sntof S 

. lo«ir.ooMections. I T ,i •.- > .-»,,• ,'.:,■ ■:,•,' r-- ;;.,....,._ 

f^^^m^^^^ Wappo^ted 

■"* ' \'-"!y : '-' r --X .■'■ "~'' "-=' 'V:'"' ■'■ ! ■';■■■;■. - •.:■:-.•,;•.• yj : ' 
„> On motion of Mr. "WHrfiHiaD, It was \ - ' ■■' 

tha time and place of the September meeting." : - ; MHp 





.; Mr. Joel Paeteb submitted for the examination of Iht members seve- 
ral highly valuable documents — among them .being the original town book 
. of Middletown; containing tha entriea of that town from 1667 to 1690, a 
deed from the trustees of Byllenge, (PenD, Lawrie, Ac) for one-nineteenth 
of ninety parts of West Jersey, dated in 1670, and an Indian deed accord- 
ing the right to Richard Hartshorn e of fishing, Ac, on Sandy Hook, dated 
August 8th, 1676.;:, ;.> 1- •,..'' ' .'' : ', 

< Mr. Paries also made some verbal remarks aa to. the interest and value 

of the history of Monrnputh county. ; ■•'. .-'-•".;>'..->.!> , ' ..^ .--.- 

Mr. Dubtib presented, in behalf of Mr. John McKesson of New York, 

an old parchment deed for lands in Bergen, dated in 1771. - ,' ',•• 

' R«v. R, K. Bonbias presented. a copy of the New Jersey Journal for 
. April S7rl802. : r .-;>.•. :-•-••"-/■.> L j- :-k- • v . ' 

^Rev. Mr. Hastmjll presented two revolutionary pamphlets. 
, Mr. Aaron Matthews presented some elegiac stanzas on the death of 
Captain Lawrence, printed on satin, which .were distributed shortly after 
the,eveni^ : "•:;;-. ':;";:, "■■■!-, ■■■ V'-/?"^' / . '. '..•".. ''i\ '£,£, 

Mr. John T. Foster said that he. hid been, requested to present to the 
-Society, as a valuable memorial of our last great .struggle wi th -Great Brit- 
ain, the uniform worn by Captain James Lawrence, cf the frigate Chesa- 
peake, in a number of his brilliant engagements with the enemy.*. This 
uniform had been transmitted to the Society by Mra. Lawrence, who la 
Stfll living, a resident of Newport, R. I., and In presenting it, Mr. F. said 
he did not doubt that the Society would appreciate It at- its full value, 
Captain Lawrence, in his career, having conferred distinguished honor both 
on the American Navy and upon bis native State, his memory should ever 
be enshrined in the hearts of Jeraeymen, and every memorial of him eare- 
-'■•'■■■ ■ '' - ; •■•■'•■•■:'-. ' l ■'.■.'■ '.-: ' • •:;-.■ •-. •' 11 ■ ;-. '""■'.'','. ' ' ; ' ' ,' 

: ' . . . , .. , .<■- ' .■.. .. ' . ■ . . . i - ' } ' ■ ' " |J » 

• CapUin Lawrence waa born at Burlington, New Jert ey, in 1781 .'; He entered 
the Nary as a midshipman when be wu only sixteen, and Waa Decatur's first 
Lieutenant in the engagement at Tripoli.-, While Ln the Mediterranean, be was pro- 
moted, and rose to the command successively of the Viien, Wasp, Argui, and Hor- 
net ; and while cruising in the latter off Delaware, captured the Peacock, afar aa 
engagement of only fifteen minutes, on the lith of February, 1818, . In. consequence 
of this brilliant affair, be was' made a post-csptaln, and gives the command of the 
MgaU Chesapeake.' ;:; '- : - ; ' f2^" '. "'' ; 

While preparing for sea at Boston, the Britiih frigate Shannon, Captain' Brooke, 
' appeared off the harbor, and although bis ship was far. from ready, either ai to 
crtw, annamsnt, or atorea, he accepted the implied challenge and put forth to sea, 
an,d r was soon engaged with the enemy. At almost the tint fire La*rtnce wu 
wounded in the leg, but continued on deck, and the two vessels, in a short time, 
came to close quarters. - He then received a mortal wound in the abdomen, and 
was carried below ottering the memorable Words, '.'Don't give up' the ship I" and 
very soon the Chesapeake was overpowered Captain Lawrence lived four days, 
.dying June 8, 1818, at the earl v age of thirtr-one. \ His brayt enemy honored his 
remains by a public funeral at Halifax, the troops, that escorted him to the grave 
wearing crape on their arms. His body wu afterwards brought to h'ew York and, 
deposited in Trinity Church yard, -and a handsome monument marks the spot. , 



fully preserved! : He thought, it was 'enough to establish tte^Soclety fa the 
-estimation of Jerseymen ; thatlt was" thus gleaning ""'from "the "fields of the 
past every thing that was Valuable, and binding together the fading memen- 
toes of the noble! dead who had made our history illustrious.' ' New'jJersey 
"had an Illustrious 'past, to which she mlghtproudly refer.' He referred to 
the death of Gen. Zebulon Pike before York in Canada, a short time be- 
fore Lawrence fell on the, deck of his frigate off Bo» ton. Pike was also a 
Jersey man, and many 'men' now living in Somerset comity remembered 
him as a boy. Mr. Foster concluded by referring to the obligation rest- 
ing upon the Legislature to foster in every legitimate way the objects of' 
the Society, which were so well calculated to redound to the honor of the 
State; ■','•;•''•'- '-"•''•■ ..." " •"-' 7;'" : '.; ;• '" : .V ?'?••* •;•-•'-' "'■■''■■V^ . 

Mr. WHmHsi.D stated that the uniform had been forwarded the So- 
ciety through John Kean, Esq., of Elizabeth, Mrs/L. stating in her letter 
to Mr. TL that no hands save hers had touched them since her brave bus- 
band left her, and Mr. Kean being present, he asked that gentleman if 
these articles Were worn by Captain Lawrence at the time of his death, 
to which inquiry an affirmative' answer was received, they having been 
transmitted to Mrs. Lawrence, after her husband's death, by Mr. Chew, 
the Purser of the Chesapeake. '■"_ '; '".';.' *"'' ,, : '].-.-^'.o -.','. 

Rev. Dr. Murbat said in 'substance, that such'an occurrence' as the pre- 
sentatlon of these interesting relics of one of America's "navel heroes was 
calculated to elicit not only the thanks of the Society to his widow for the 
Valuable addition made to their historical treasures— relics, which doubtless 
she had valued as among the choicest of the mementoes in her possession 
of her bravo husband— but also a pledge that they should be preserved 
with all the care that she herself would have taken had she retained them. 
He referred to the veneration with which such mementoes were regarded 
in other countries, and the solemn Interest with which they must, every* 
where, be i invested, and offered the follow^rwluUon: J^ We> > ^ • ■ 
• "Betolced, That the Corresponding Secretary be requested to convey to 
Mrs. James; Lawrence ' : the grateful thanks of the Society' for the honor con- 
ferred in confiding to their~c*re : the mementoes of ' her gallant .husband 
ybic)i,-:ihey^We/recetved;' together 'wjth their assurances that the L hlgh 
appreciation of the value and Interest of the gift will lead them over to pro- 
aero thftTelics jtfthVascr^ cw >&??.■?{ Kp.i y^ci^fe'-^J'^J 

Rev. Mr. Hammell seconded tho resolution. He had heard mothers speak 
pf the peculiar feelings >rlth which they; regarded the garments of a de- 
parted child, and there was' to him s> remarkable interest in "a garment like 
that before. him, which had been! worn by von* i of the country's gallant do* 
fenders, and who had fallen' while in, the discharge of his doty^ ottering 
that sentiment which carried with it so much moral force, expressed so 
much determined effort; that the youthful minds oT the country would to- 1 
bibe from its repetition si from anever^nfag fountain 1 new 'roppiies'of 
courage and patriotism, and "Don't give i"'np the ship" be for all time tho 
watchword to strengthen their efforts. " ' ' ' 

• (; 



xxxrnto ra rxwxbk. 


Mr. 0. 0, Haveh, of Trenton, ;8poko of tite custom iof ^preserving; such 
relics in Europe, t -He was theroAWhen the news of she battle between the 
Chesapeake and the 8hannon wasTecelved. -'»•• Jho victory obtained by the 
Shannon was made the subject orgreat*ejoldng fa England,' *nd the name 
-of theherolorLawrinceWaair^Ulyknowh.' Hecondude^by*xj^e«slng 
his satisfaction that the Society Had come info possession of these rdics^w 

Hon, Jaxxs iPAKtBaj ironv tto ObAby said he '.was probably the only pe* 
son present who had been acquainted with Captain LawrencA^Hfw* 4 
cottueotion of hlsiamily,' arid he^ bad beejt icqualbted with 'him frisFhia 
boyhood to his death. He waafatimatelyic^uafatetf with hi* noble partner - , 
*nd was much gratified that she had made this gift to toe'HUtorioal Society 
of New Jersey, being herself a native of another State. '-H^ hoped a proper 
acknowledgment would be madei :Ths speaker 'also remembered General 
Pike. When a boy, he was a messenger for ! the' Proprietors In Amboy. 
He wis anative of Wobdhridge, and bis taiherV who kept a hbteVtod been 
an officer of some >g™i<» fa ths i Revolution.- ^±--- • ' ,»', g 

Mr. Josl Pabxsb called attention to the singular fact that the Inscription 
on the monument fa Hew York to* the I memory of Lawrence does not state 
his birth-place. For some .reason It had been omitted. 

• Mr Du'btkb Jflad<a some'appropriat* remarks In ■ relation to the presenta- 
tion, 'and toped the gift Would be preserved With great care/;'« :i ; 

The resoluUon of thanks was then adopted. ^ *& ,'.-■. • ; j- 

?Mr. Walteb TBirrHXBTuaV.after some. appropriate allusious to the recent 
death of Mr. Gifford, offered the following resolutions;, .--,( .-.hi 1 J auj 

VltwUtdi That the Society have learned with great regret the death of 
Archer Gifford, Esq., one of the original .members, and Chairman forsev 
eral years of the Executive Committee, . . : bs gfi y, I 

"Rmlted. That his estimable' public and priyate character, and the in- 
-terest behatf always take* W the objects of the" Society, make hialoss to be 
depiored, and insure him a grateful Teniembrance."! ^^- ^J^g^U- 
. • Rev JJr' Mubbat 'fapoke of the' pleasant relations that badalways existed 
• between iHtf sud Mr. Gifford,' an* paid la fitting 'tribute" to Ms upright, 
Christian cours^^^l^^^.^^^^,';- • ■ ;■ 

./The resolutions were then adopted. 

• Dr Mcwut au^iih>>fe[&S^ 

meeting, snd referred to the active Interest be 1 bad taken fa the welfare of 
the Society at Its organisation, and' for some years thereafter— the eloquent 
«nd valuable address Wbfcb he bad delivered on it's first anniversary— and 
other services which indicated Ws Warm' attachment to the Btate and de- 
sire to unfold its history.* He offered no resolutions, as It had been a rt- 
•cognlted rjfle of the' Society to notice fa that mode only such members as 
held at the time of their death some official relations to the Society. 
j President Maclsah, of Princeton, stated that the Bev. Dr. Carnahan bad 
alao departed this life since the last meeting of the Society. Hs had been 
2 • 



jfEETXsa is raw asKi 

associated with it since its organization; was for more than thirty yean 
President of Princeton College, and died foil of Tears and honor. Ho also 
spoke of Bishop Doane, commenting on his remarkable ability, energy, and 

efficiency, particularly In advancing his schemes of education In connection 
with the church to which he belonged. | Approving of the role, however, 
which had been referred to, he suggested that a 'simple notice of the an- 
nouncement of the death of these distinguished men should be inserted in 
tbfljnmutes.-,' ! ^^^.l ; ;i^K!i'^.r-^;i:'-:i.: :.-> a, ■■■,-■ > V ■:=' : ' ■: •■> i&* 
Rev. Mr. Hamcru, thought that the Society might not again be called 
upon for many years to regret the; death of two such prominent members 
as occurring between any. two meetings, and was; unwilling to pass over 
the occurrence in the manner suggested. Both bad been warmly interested 
in the Society, and both had contributed to its literary collections. ' He 
hoped some resolutions would be adopted. ?>. fl ,v/~;s -f&Tfl 
n Hon. Mr. Parkjsb, from the Chair, also advocated the adoption of reso- 
lutions of condolence— there were times .when It was proper that rules- 
should be laid aside.-,* .Kh-Kh'x <?:%- <v jfefeisJ 

J J? W)\W* ?■■■ ■'•"-'<■ 

Whereupon, Dr. Mtnuur offered the following preamble and resolutions*. 
-Which were adopted tv&j&ssji ' tvssJt\>h> Hi- ; ^r\ -,a.---a v;.V ' -w^'-i -■*-■■'■ 
^>V Whereas, The Right Beverend George W. Doane, D.D., and the Rey. 
James Carnahan, D.D., two of the original members of the Society, hare 
departed this life since the last meeting, therefore,' * h Wsi,.::^: <■>>. if. i; 

"Eetohid, That the Corresponding Secretary be requested to communi- 
cate to the respective families of the Deceased the condolence of this Socie- 
ty under their bereavement,- and to state that the members, appreciating 
the valuable services rendered by' their late distinguished associates,'' will 
-ever entertain a grateful remembrance of the zeal and interest manifested 
by them in advancing the objects of their organization." • '' ■ ' ■■_'■ • 

. A paper was then read by Mr. •■ Wiluax A. Whitehead, "On the Cir- 
cumstances leading to the Establishment, in 1769, of the present Northern 
Boundary Line between New Jersey and New York," after which, oh mo- 
tion of Mr. Hates, the thanks of the Society were directed to be tendered 
to Mr. Whitehead, and that he be requested to place a copy of his paper/ 
at the disposal of the Society. ;: .?>^^e^ m' :—:' >il 

} The Society then adjourned, and subsequently partook of dinner at the 
City Hotel, tho President (Joseph 0. Hoknblower, LL.D.,) joining the 
members at the table. In the course of the entertainment he referred in a 
feeling manner to the pleasure ho had derived from his connection with the 
J3ociety-r;hpw highly he prised the honor of having-beeti its President 
.amce its organizatiorhr-and to-hls increasing ;|nfirmiUeV. which would pre- 
cludo hia taking an active part in the proceedings of the Society in future. 

- SVi\ i& '.>■■: ■• ! a ' ' ■ • ■-- iiij$fc?i?. • ..-■ • ■-■ •."■ U • v< i ..'■ ' - i 

t,,: :•■. '■■ 'r.vO ."'i *v& ■■ '■ -- '■ :■ lM: ^ '•:.:-. n ^^AgS^U^p^lfi 


1 > • ' - ..... 

',--.- J . i- .• it ' 

. ■' "■ - ' 

. ; . s . a • ■ " '■■■■-- - "-**"** 

- \\ •=-•'-■->> 


. « 


ANNOUNCED MAY 19, 1859. ;' !-? 

From the Chicago Eittorical Society— First Annual Statement of the Trad* 
and Commerce of Chicago, -for the year ending De&JU, '1858. :< Reported 
to the Board of Trade by Seth Oatlin, Superintendent ' 
Also, the Charter, {Jonstltutlon,' and By-Laws, -with a List of Officers, 

. Ac.of the "Chicago Historical 8odety. 1' : ; , : .''. ;- 

From the Mattachutettt Eittorical Society— Proceedings of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, 1855-1858.' Selected from the Records. 

From the Ettex lnttitute, Salem, Matt.— Historical Collections of the Essex 
Institute, VoLl. April, 1859. No. 1. 

From the American Philotophical Society— Proceedings of the Society, 
July-Dec, 1858. 

From the American Antiquarian Society— of the Society at 
a special meeting, Feb. 10, 1869. 

From the Young Merit Mercantile Library Attociation of Cincinnati— 

1 The 24th Annual Report of the Board of Directors. 

From the Smiihtonion Jnttitution— Annual Report of the Board of Re- 
gents, for 1857. ■;' ' ' ' ' -- 
Also, Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge. Vol. X. 

From the City of Newark— The City 'Charter and Ordinances of the City 
of Newark, together with Miscellaneous Acts of the Legislature, relatihg 
to the dty. With an Appendix, compiled and revised by order of the 
Common Council. - 

From the Librarian of Amhertt College— Catalogue of the College for the 
Academical year, 1858-'59. 

From S Ah/ten, Etq.—k Narrative of the Causes which led to Philip'* 
Indian Ww, of 1675 and 1676, by John Easton, of Rhode Island,, with 
other documents concerning this event, in the office of the Secretary of 
State of New York. Prepared from' the originals by F. B. Hough, with 

an Introduction. •: r,; ■ . / ;;.■• ,. ,. tt m i ... , 

A Historical Account of American Coinage. . By John H. Hickcox, 

member of the Albany Institute. • ' 

. From EeuRB. Croet—IM* of -Bishop Oroes of New Jersey. By John 

. Norton Rector of Ascension Church, Frankfort, Ky. 

From Bet. Joteph F. Tnttle—k Brief History of the Church at Rockaway, 

New Jersey, with the Manual, Ac, and List Of Officers and Members. 



Fortieth Anniversary Sermon. - A Sermon delivered at Rocka way, 
Deo. 81, 1848, by Ber. Barnabas King, senior Pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church. :', ' . A ; 

Washington at Morriatown, during the Winters of of 1776-77, and 
1779. Read at Trenton at the annual meeting in January, 1850. 
From 8. Carton JSretoori—Dluj of Washington, from the First day Of 
October, 1789, to the Tenth day of March, 1790. From the original 
manuscript, now first printed. ; ■ •. 
From the Author/— The History of Carausius, the Patch Augustus and 
I Emperor of Britain, with a Historical and Ethnological Account of the 
;' Ancient Zelanders and Dutch Fleming*^- By J. Watts Da Peyster. }] 
,^.fl«njy j0rpger 4 the Colleague of ; Edn?npd Burke in the British Parlia- 
Parliament ' By H. 0. Van Shaack. Bead before the New York His tor- 
.., ^Society Jan^:1859..j„^;;t/- .-... -^ .-.l./,-'-..*^. «>w* • 
From David A. Eayt», Etq.— The Printed Documents of the Legislature 
., . of New Jersey of 1859. ■ . ». ■. , i / , \ , ,, \ ,_..,,' ' 

*■ . 

tn\ttxi -tflittiK 

; Mat 19, 1859. V 

v .'■•■ ■', 
• ■• '.. . *r ' 



■~".-|.. '. c 


; Addison W. WoodhoU, M.D. , Kewarl. 
^Charles Q; Bockwood, Neteqrh. - : - 

Spencer Scott, Newark. 
| Charles L. 0. Gifford, Ntvari. • . 

John Y. Foster, Jfevarh. 
Joel Parker, Freehold. 

'/■.-. r Aaron Peck, Jr., Orange. > W< - 


G. H. Larison, M.D., DoUngU^Fenn. 

\ .- 



John Lathrop Motley, JBotton. '" 
John G. Palfrey, Bottoru 
Samuel F. Haven, Woreetter. 

..:<;i' <.' 

; ' 


forlorn Uounters fine*. 



IN 1769, 

or THl 




MAY 19, 1839, 



r 1 '• r y 

& 't iK(iW0(i y imtfm 

- > ,')>• 

'-.-.' ' ■■-'.' i . . i . 

• ■ • ■ i | :•. ,1 [!jj -. 

.-■'■.■_-'■ ■ ' ■ ■ ■'• ■ .■■.•.■!.-' • 

! , ■ •. .' ''■:'■> i.'.i 'V '■• 

:> -•■•£..■ ' ! • : :\';-'>i;.: •> :; 

■ ■■•.. »-jtorttK«^80itt&HrB Sittt; 

" . - '^ ' ".Tv-sivlt W9% TO-MTO* 

. ■■ . : v''. frfl c-.-ri uvted M;io:. amord* 

■i .'-.vs.* .-' ' *- ! '■' ■ L'.-:' Ko irrli 6 g»tt -m'i i > . ; -;."7 

.:-/;!.> f; -«i .J?>4 f. '-' , :•'--. J; /riOil >lJ; (&0-- ?/jl £ t'Ofl 

.■'•■ '■■'ili.'J i'-iitf/l :.:-;'v,ir '.'-' :.;_. >«t# v,> T i/,"i .<$$£) Ijq . -..i;:/' .• n-.l KJiM M'.n\.h 
' .When the Duke of York was Induced, " in consideration of a competent 
-sum of good and lawful money," to grant to Lords Berkley and Carteret a [ 
part of the tract of American soil received from his royal brother, Charles 
II., the act was regarded with great apprehension and disfavor by his Gov- 
emor, Richard Nicolli j He did hot hesitate to say that the Duke' thereby 
despoiled himself of the best portion of his possessions; to use his own 
language, that New Jersey ." comprehended all the Improvable part of 
Your R 1 . H'. his Pattant, and capable to receive twenty limes more people 
than Long Island anu all the remaining Tracts in Your R'. E'. his patent, 
in respect not onely to the quantity of tho Land, but to the Sea Coast 
and Delaware -River, tbe fertility of the soyle, the neighborhood to Hud- 
son's River, and lastly the fa! ro hopes of rich mines, to the : utter discour- J 
ogement of any that shall desire to live under Your R 1 . H*. his protec- 
tion."* ., ..•; .-.:-, V.i Ij.i, •>;'• ,-:-,I,?r. '$i ...'■ , .-.<■>' I SS ^.(-p^os^i fc> 

Several of Nicolls' successors, equally watchful of the Duke's interests, 
and impressed with the Value of the grant, subsequently counselled the re- 
anneiation of the territory thus kit. And although tho republican form 
■of government, since established where royalty and its attendant aggres- 
sions were thon dominant, has been thought to be at variance with such 
illiberal and covetous views, and therefore .a guarantee against all danger 
from. similar counsels now, yet on more than one occasion Now Jersey has 
had cause to complain that a change of government has not wrought. a cor-: ■ 
responding change in the motives and actions of the authorities and people: 
of New York.'; Judging from their course at different times, and under 
varied circumstances, it .would seem that the estimate i placed upon New j 
Jersey by Governor Nicolls, is still deemed sufficiently correct to lead to 
unmistakable manifestations of a desire to regain possession of portions, at 
least, of what he so unwillingly relinquished :■ ■/-. ■r..-.< 

The bounds of New Jersey, . as specified in the grant of the Duke of 

. York to Lords Berkley and Carteret, were as follows : "All that tract of 

land adjacent to New England, and lying and being to the westward of 

.Long Island and Manhitas Island, and bounded on the east, part by tho > 

••; i:r-T,1 (I ,';; !*' •) > ■ '•-><' s>fa"i •' a .••'• ' l> ' • '• '' ■ ■' • 

• N. Y. CoL Doc'ta, Vol III, p. 105. 

160 • - 


main sea and part by Hudson's Hirer, and hath upon- the west Delaware- 
Bay or Hirer, and extendeth southward to the main ocean as far as Cape 
May at the mouth of Delaware Bay ; and to the northward as far as the 
northermott branch of the laid Bay or River of Delaware, which it <n 
forty-one degree* and forty minute* of latitude, and crosseth over thence 
in a straight line to Hudson's River in forty-one degree* of latitude, which 
said tract of land,i».hpr>^ler!^bi9,j^e<} by,$b# name or names of New 
Ceaserea or New Jersey." "" 

No terms could hare been used more clearly defining tho tract to be con- 
veyed, On the east, a rirer and the ocean— on the west and south, a rlrer 
and a bay— on the north, a straight line, extending 'from a point in 41 deg. 
40 mln. North Latitude, on one rirer, to a point in 41 deg. North Latitude 
ohthe other, -let, on inspection of the geographical; lines which" at the 
present day define the limits of New Jersey, they are Touha to correspond ■ 
no longer .with the" prescribed bounds on the east, abr "on the north • so 
that Instead of their including all the land "lying and being to the west- 
ward of /Long Island and Manhltas Island,? an island containing more than - 
60,000 acres, lying West of suchlline, has passed into the possession of 
others; and that on the north, they come short of the extreme point des- 
ignate^ m a» grant by nearly twenty miles. ;«a I -t .,- ,;:,-.''. j ! .1 .,• * 
,)To narrate She circumstances which led to this last mentioned curtail- ' 
ment of the dimensions of the State^presenting in Buccihct terms the man- 
nor in which it was' effected, and the questions involved— br the simple in- 
tention of this paper.! ,The subject admits of little embellishment either of 
language or of rhetoric, and the Society must overlook thi Inberenf dryness 
of the geographical and business details which the end in view requires to' 
be 'stated, tC^-i\t^i 16 UAfoUiv ■>%4Uor%3 -■• -<-•>-• :■ ■ '.;-.--';"/•; ycinrt'y'f 

•->•[ JitJ b 

•it •■ j:: 

rlhe Delaware Rirer takes its rise- among the western slopes of the mbun- 
tains, lying Jn the eastern part of Delaware County,' in the State of New 
York, aha ruiia sbuthwestwardly,; under the name of the Mohawk branch, 
until it arrives within' a few miles of the 42d parallel of north latitude. 
There it receives, what is known acoccrding to some maps as the Oquago 
branch, and other email tributaries from the north, and turning, almost at 
aright angle* wends its way toward the southeast, receiving increased vol- 
ume at T about 41 ideg.'W mm. N^L. from the' waters of the Popaxtun 
brahch^whose springs lie partly among the ; gorges of the Oatskllls, and 
partly >to tho vicinity 'of thoso originating the Mohawk. 6 Proceeding on- 
ward, in tho latitude of about;41 deg. *0 mln^ ftreceives the Mackhackl- 
"^branch from the north, and again changes its couree to the 'south- 
west ^ These are Ihe only tributaries, north of the 41st *aralleL ! which 
merit the distinctive title of branches. .'Thefirst two may be laid to fbmi 
the river, and theirjunction is known a* *«the upper, or 8behawklii; <:forks^ 
of DelewaiWVTN) one or (he other of these certainly belongs the title of 
the northernmost branch of the river, and if the Mohawk branch, from its- 


I *. HOBT3RH -B(fVKbXXr:< Wi l 

extension farthest to the north, should be oonsidored the 'main' stream, 
the distinctive title -devolves upon the Popaxtun branch. ; » But §o taper- 
feet was the knowledge possessed in 1864, respecting the course tf rivers 
and the general geography of the country, it is not surprising that it should 
bavebeen ^bund difficult -to'reobncUe 1 the 1 descriptions glvwinthe'oarty 
grants with the results of actual surveys,- or "that •eonfliaion should have' 
arisen frpmoonfllcting dalms.' There was scarcely •charter that tiki' not 
interfere in some measure 1 with privileges already secured, or cedtttapora- 
neousry granted under the authority Of different sovereigns OTdinVrent 
incorporated companies ; and the maps which have eome down totis, "show 
conclusively that they; -were calculated to mislead, rather than toturotthinV 
•formation of service in preventing or correcting such %rrbm' **^ J?** ;i 
i At the date of the Duke of York's grant 'to Berkley ind OarteVet. there 
were but few mapsprofessing to 'give the positiori of placeajor toe physi- 
cal geography of the interior, and they all seem to be more 'Or less'coples 
of one by Nicholas Joannia Vischero, which is thought to have been pub- 
. llshcd to 1854. - One by /Vanderdonck, published in 1«56. -'which is un- 
questionably copied after Vischero's, may be seen in the New York Hlstor- 
cal Society Collections, VoL 1st, New Series,- and also, so far as It refers to 
New Jersey, in the first volume of our own - Collections, and one er both 
doubtless formed the basis of the map to be found In the worics Of Moo- 
tanus and Ogilbie,' -published inl 671 ;■ and as Ogllbie !s styled ^CeismOg- 
rapher and Geographical Printer to his Majesty," > the map that he selected 
to illustrate this part of the continent, may reasonably be considered the 
one most likely to be consulted by those concerned In the ^rant of New 
Jersey. -••■-■■•• y ;-'<-'•—' J -' v - S f J - ' 

On allthese maps It win be seen that a Btream corresponding in position 
with the Moscooetcong, is made to join another corresponding With the 
Walkill, so that a water communication was exhibited between tho Dela- 
ware and the Hudson by the Eeopus river \ and also that; in about the lat- 
itude of 41 deg. 40 mln.^anotherstream'makes a similar conriectionbetween 
the two rivers, the source of the Delaware being represented as being still 
farther north.' The latitude in which the junction of this more northerly 
stream with the Delaware Is located oh the maps— ills courte^-and the ex- 
istence of a place upon it designated as ifeoeehhonh, io re position corre- 
sponding to one in later times called Moeffhkan^-fil indicate that the geog- 
raphers of that day knew of no other branches of the Delaware than the 
Musconetcoog in about latitude 40 deg. 80 mln., and the Popaxtun, in 
about 41 deg. 40 min., according to their maps. Hence, when a point on the 
river was to be selected to limit the grant in the northwest, the junction of 
the most northern branch of the Delaware with the main stream was taken 
as One to be found readily; and to identify It more particularly^ the latitude 
was given m which ii appeared to be. s This would seem to be a common, 
senso explanation of the why and wherefore or the language or the grant- 
" to the northward as far as the northernmost branch of the said Bay or 
Rirer of Delaware, which is forty -one and forty minutes of latitude. 



Several years must hare elapsed before the region through which the 
line was to run attracted the eye or excited the covetousnesa of land spec- 
ulator!, or became sufficiently known to call for a delineation of the bound- 
ary. It is certain that no record exists of any negotiations on the subject 
while the province was held in common by Berkley and Carteret After 
the division into East and West Jersey, and the arrival of Lawrie as Dep- 
uty Governor of the eastern province under Robert Barclay, some personal 
interviews took place between him and Governor Dongan, in pursuance of 
the directions of the Proprietors, who were ever anxious to pursue such a 
-course toward their powerful neighbor as would prevent any just cause of 
-complaint;* and although we hare not the time or facta definitely stated, 
it seems probable that at one of these interviews a line of division was 
authorised to be run, or some understanding arrived at respecting it; as 
we find a Minute of the Council of New York, dated April 9th, 1684, the 
language of which would imply that some line had been agreed upon ; and 
in 1685 the Governor and Council of New Jersey, on granting some lands, 
made part of the bounds to begin "at Tappan Creek upon the Hudson's 
Birer at the lino of Division agreed upon by the Governors of the two 

pr0vlnces."t ;V^ •:■-'—■■■. < •'-.. .-••.-'.<,!-: '• ■' ,' ' » ■-',-.-:■-.• ;'.'•'' 

. This line, designated on the man as No. 2, was confirmed by subse- 
quent negotiation ; and we find from a minute of the Council of New YorkJ 
June 80th, and from the minutes of the East Jersey Proprietors of July 
8th and Sept. 9th, 1688, that an agreement had been entered into between 
the Governor of New York and the Governors of the two Jerseys, for 
running the lines .between the three governments. . •? The most northerly 
branch," of the Delaware was first to be determined,-and the 1st Septem- 
ber was the day on which the three surveyors, George Keith — subsequent- 
ly so prominent a character, . through his discussions with the Quakers — 
being appointed for East Jersey, Andrew, Bobinson for West Jersey, and 
Philip Wells for. New York— were, to meet at the fori* of DeUxcare to 
commence their labors; the determination of any two of them to be con- 
clusive as to the lines. The orders of the New York Council to their Sur^ 
vejor were, " Carefully and with great exactness to run the Line between 
this province and that of East Jersey, beginning in the latitude ot forty* 
one dtgreaand forty minute* upon, Delaware Biver ; n instructions which, 
taken in connection with the place appointed for the meeting, show. as 

* ' gag i * ■ , • - *■ < , ^ - - " ■ ■ . - - ' > , - ■ - * j . » . 

'• Their language bn'thls occasion "to lawrie was, "Ik care^ 
things that may Interfere with their interest, or give' Just reason of complaint ifrom 
* them ; that he [Lawrie] be not apt to give any encouragement -io people to tnns- 
port themselves from thence, minding that we do not design to advance- our inter- 
eat by anything which .may prove prejudicial to that p roTinoe."— Gra nit and Gm- 
c<u.,p yil. It la to be regretted that similar good intention* did not always char- 
actariis. toe.acU of the. authorities of New York in their ' in'terconrie with/New 
Jersey. ? '" ' /O - : ./ " '"' " '■•■•"■'■ -.■- ■■ -••' : i ,...--..>..;• < •■-... .. 

t Brief of New Jersey Clalm.1769. p/8. ' ■•:•.,• 



clearly as if written with a sunbeam that the views of the authorities of - 
New York then, did not differ from those entertained by the New Jersey 

Proprietors. • "> 53? \ > &i r : ' " "' "" ' ' ''" ^"* ' ■ 

For some cause not ascertained, what was so harmoniously inaugurated 
was not brought tea definite conclusion. | Messrs. Wells and Jtoblnson, 
however, fixed upon a point on the Delaware in 41 deg. 40 min. H. JLi «d 
also according to the New, York authorities made sundry observations oy 
which they fixed the point of 4tdeg. N. L. on the Hudson; two or three 
miles south of the true parallel, as subsequently determined.* :Tne line 
which would have resulted from their observations is designated on the map 
as No 4.' "■ ■■■•'' ' :-':..:'■'. ■■^■'. i:<: '-' ■• 
' The Proprietors of New Jersey, after repeated complaints to New York 
of the inconvenience resulting from the lines not being run, which were 
never responded to In a satisfactory manner, on the 6th May, 1695, nine 
years having elapsed, directed John Beld, their Surveyor General, to run 
the line agreed upon,* but their directions do not seen to have been ear- 
' ried out: at least we hear of nothing tending to the settlement of the vexed 
question until 1718, twenty-three years later, when K^™"!"* 
provinces passed acta providing for the running and settling of the line, but 
not until 1719 did the work commenced V ' 

Xarge districts of country by this time bad become peopled by hardy 
tillers of the aoil, and many disputes and controversies bad arisen leading 
to personal contests, and contempt of all legal restraints by «o°» e j who - 
undVr the plea of not knowing to which province they belonged, ncknowl- 
edged obedience to neither. Some held their lands under titles derived 
fromthe New York patentees, and were recognised «^^^S 
province, voting in the counties of Ulster and Orange. Some held grants 
fromthe New Jersey Proprietors, and frequently there were «b*«*°S 
claims for the samTtract; so that the peace and prosperity of the country 
called loudly for a settlement of the difficulty. £ • 

Robert Hunter was ihWGovemor of both New York and New Jersey, 
and on him, therefore, devolved the duty of selecting the commissioners 
for both P^TincesT He named, for New Jersey, Dr. John Johnstone and 
George Willocks of Perth Amboy, and James Alexander .the Sumyor 
General of East Jersey-gentlemen every way qualified ? the Ust espe 
. dally, from his mathematical and astronomical knowledge and high char, 
actor was eminently fitted for the service. But twenty year. W". *«. 
intemUd in the New York claim, assumed that the ***+££$* 
bo largely interested in the soil of New Jerwy wasa "flagrant abuae, ci 
"hSbey bad a right to complain, a. *ell a. of the appointment of CoL 
Isaac Hick, and C.pL Bobert Walters, because they were in noway in 
■ • . ■ . ■• ■ - ■ - ■ ! — ■ 

-" . Brief, Ac, p. 82-M. T*e New Jersey Proprietor, always deaW that the po- 
.iUon on the Hudson was fixed-there was no documentary evidence of it. 
f NeTiirfUw»,p.77.' 


jroRTnxKB BouND-iar. 

terested in the New York patents, snd-^ though of unspotted reputations; 
jet by no means qualified for 8oehemploymente; M *tbey.<wew, nowever, 
associated with Allane Jarratt, Surveyor General of the Colony, of whose 
Competency there was no question, t! WJtb the \knowledge wo possess of 
the character of Gov. Hunter, and 'the encomiums pronounced upon his 

. administration of the affairs of New York 'by contemporary authorities, it 
is not worth while to consider the objections made to his commissioners } 
particularly as those objections were naturally engendered by the fact, that 
the commissioners decided the point claimed by East Jersey to be the true 
one. .*•> Ba*y*hjfesfc tdm '.'■_r.^^,~hi ! ; ,.;,,'; fcgfrsaH tfg&M^f ■>■' ■' ■■'■ : ' 
That point was, in truth,' conceded in the instructions to the New York 
Commissioners, under the Great: Seal of the Province, Inasmuch as they 
were '.' carefully and diligently to inspect and surrey all, or such, of the 
streams of water, that form the river Delaware, which 'they, the said com- 
missioners, or surveyor or surveyors, may esteem necessary to be inspect- 
ed or surveyed, in order to find out and determine which of the streams is 
the northernmost branch of the river Delaware ; and that then, ' when such 

- branch is so discovered, that the surveyor or surveyors to the best of their 
knowledge and understanding, d iscover and find out that place of the 
taid northernmott branch of Delaware Biter that lie* in the latitude of 
forty-one degree* and forty minute*, which i* the north partition point 
of New Tori and 2Teu> Jertey" ' No language could have expressed more 
explicitly the point they were to find, and what, when found, it was to b* 
considered. ■■'• -■■■-.'■■•* v •':-■• '.v.- ..:.'-: - til ii > • ' iesi '■■• *■'- • . ■': : ■'-- 
•- Under these instructions the work was done, and the result embodied in 
a tripartite Indenture duly executed under, the hands and seals of all- the 
commiiiioner* and turteyort, bearing date July 25, 1719, by which they 
agreed that the stream, known then as the Fish-kill, which was nothing 
else ;than the main river above the Mackbackimack,- should be considered 
the northernmost branch ; and that the point of 41 deg. 40 min. N. L. was 
at a place called Cashiegtonk on the' east aide of that stream,' and that the 
point bo designated should be the north partition point, or division, between 
the provinces.' The acceptance by the New Jersey commissioners of what 
we should call part of the main stream, as the northernmost branch of the 
Delaware, was certainly a concession to New York, ms it waived the right 
of proceeding to the Popaxtun the true northernmost branch ; their action 
in this respect being consistent with the view's subsequently expressed, (in 
1760) that "when a deed will admit of two constructions, the one definite 
and pertain; the other vague and uncertain, that which is certain shall be 
taken and the other rejected.'! The Istitude mentioned was a certainty, 
or could be reduced to a certainty, and should therefore bo followed In pref- 
erence to the -selection of a stream rendered ambiguous or uncertain :t 
the New Yorkers endeavoring then to establish the doctrine thai the be- 


i ' ** 

•rinnWof the branch was Intended to be the boundary, and'that the lati- 
tude was only descriptive; although; the fact .could ,not be controverted, 
that if descriptive, the latitude did not correspond with the beginning of 

any branch of the river. », V. •"' •••'" , x ; \ I .'* 

The Une they agreed upon is marked on tho map No. 8, and a naiom 
linrto correspond with it Was actually run from the Delaware tothe Hud. 
eonl fNo. 1) and it was only through the remissness of the New, Yorto 
commissioners in falHngito •tteBaTtnat the station on the latter river was 
not definitely fixed at that time.* ), ;. ■ ■ , &&&&* £*** \!*> 
It might reasonably be supposed that such a conclusive document as the- 
agreement just referred to,^would have put an end to all existing differ, 
ences, but two months afterat^ execution, Mr. Jarratt, the New Tors mw, 
vevor on reporting the proceedings of the joint commission to the PresU 
dent and Council of that province, (although b^gnsture^wss sfflxed to 
the Indenture) stated that he had discovered -■•ome-idsfectsjn the instrtu 
ment used for taking the Istitude. ,This gave an opportunity^ the « Oounj 
«il of New York tq throw further obstacles in tho way of a settietaen^by. 
adopting (September 54,-1719) a suggestion of the Committee to wfaotajb* 
mVtW had been referred, to the effect that «.Ull forth er £^J>«*\ 
to be stayed until a correct and Urge instrument be procured for settling 

, ^^^rS$^^^^^ of the'New 
York ^eyorTp^ ^P^? ^"JVT! 

PrcmpteTbV P«ties to whom grants had been 8^^££3S£ 
172 fwvernors. the limits of which it was thougbt:would be curtailed by 

«n thesouth by the line of division between tho provinces, sndthe New 


Sr2?ShlW bad s peculiar that it seem- 
• 1SSSSl3BSL0m New Jersey, but, at least, Jncluded. 160.00Q 

-^ of course, averse to acknowledging sny rights of the «^t .Jersey 
PWiel™ 3 might interfere with them, and, could they *'»>•>"•* 
&3g3 Tbave S no compunction in making .the tine run from the 41 
?og on Hudson's River to the head of Delaware Bay. % ---■•-.- ■- 

* Brief, *c, p. 15. 

t Brief, Ac, -S3. 

• 'fWs New York, I, *'*>*.■ J f BrUf| ^ - j 

| y. T. Awembly Proceedings, Feb. 18, 1784. 



It is difficult to realize that after arriving so near to a settlement of the- 
controversey, so many years should have elapsed before the subject again 
became prominent, excepting as the delay from time to time provoked 
personal contentions and animosities. In 1788, the northern part of the 

i then county of Hunterdon was set off for the county of Morris,* and with 
increasing and encroaching population came additional difficulties. Still, 
such was the apathy of the New York authorities, arising either from a 
misapprehension of the importance of the subject, or from conceiving it 
to be simply a question of priority of titles between individuals, which 
might bo settled by courts of law; and so much were the Proprietors of 
East Jersey engrossed with the growing troubles In the very heart of the 
province resulting from the Elizabethtown claims, that year after year fed 

- away until 1747- 78, nearly thirty years after the almost-concluded settle- 
ment, when the Assembly of New Jersey could no longer refrain from 
adopting measures for running the line ex-parU, pasting an act for the-, 
purpose, and submitting it for the sanction of the Crown ; first giving to- 
New York an opportunity to come into the arrangement, which that prov- 
ince declined doing. ■The contest was therefore for the time transferred to 
London. The Assembly of New York, after hearing the parties opposed 

' to the measure, on Oct 29th, 1748, directed their speaker to instruct Mr. 
Charles, the agent of the province, to oppose the act ;t but Governor Clin- 
ton, writing to the Lords of Trade upon the subject, said, " As it does not 
appear to me that the interests of the Crown, or of this province in general,; 
are any way concerned in the matter, but only the patentees of the lands- 
along that line, I shall decline giving your Lordships any trouble in the 
affair, leaving to the particular persons concerned to take such steps as- 
they shall think proper ;" and gave as one reason for the lack of co-opera- 
t ion with the Governor of New Jersey in effecting a' settlement, the fact 

. of the expenditure of three thousand pounds previously to commissioners 
and surveyors, without any definite result! <■"-•' *%!& ; . i; • ■- 

■i-'lt is asserted by Smith that this letter, which gave great umbrage to tho 
popular party, was written by the Governor either directly for, or through 
the agency of, Mr. Alexander, in order to secure the Influence of that gen- 
tleman, -'and Robert Hunter Morris then in England, in sustaining him 
with the ministry against his opponents in the province. 
. Jj Thus presented for their consideration, deprived of its true importance, 

■ -■ — ^-1— l-I — 1 — - , ' i i i r i i i i ■. 

* Nevlll 1, p. 250. Hunterdon was 'created in 1718; previous to that .time, all 
lands in the northern part of the' province, not included in Bergen or Essex counties, 
were subject to the jurisdiction of, Burlington. M i .-£ 

. JMtautMX.Y.Ai«embly.r^t^^ st . 

t N. T. CoL Doc' U., VoL VI. p. in. t Smith' ■ N. Y., n. p. 180. The latter au- 
thority, quoting Governor Clinton's letter, baa £S0O aa the amount. > . I .follow the 
.copy in the New York Colonial Documents. The act itaelf, authorising the expend!, 
ture, readir" seven hundred and fifty ounces of platen-Laws of New York, 16M- 

t. ' J. UJ. ' l ' 8».x..l-J_l.ja « JLJ.U w i . i . i j 

hu~au-jjj»h j^ imm. 


— ~r— 


' ■■' .\ NORTHXWr BOUOTABT. 167 

it is not surprising ■ that it was not acted upon with dispatch ; still 
an unaccountable silence respecting the bill 'seems to have 'been ob- 
served for some "years ; for although Mr; Paris, -the accomplished agent 
of the East Jersey Proprietors, acknowledges on 17th January, 1749, the 
receipt of a box of papers from Mr. Alexander, relating • to the boundary, 
the subject is not adverted to again by him for many months. In Septem- 
ber, 1750, the New York Assembly, in response to an application from 
their agent, resolved that the expense incurred by him in 'Opposing the 
. New Jersey bill, should be made a public charge, thus throwing upon the 
1 entire province that which was borne in New Jersey by the East Jersey 
Proprietors alone; a result attributed to the influence, in part, of the De- 
lancey family, who were interested in the MinUink patent The 'same In- 
fluence, it is said, led to instructions from the Speaker of the Assembly to 
theagent, urging a hearing before the Board of Trade, in preference to the 
appointment of a commissioner, unless the New Jersey Proprietors would 
recede from their claims and be satisfied with ' a line drawn ' from the 41st 
degree on the Hudson to the M Head of Delaware Bay," which is'at Reedy 
Island." In that case they would graciously consent to the appointment 
of a commwaion, — '* to see the line run."* ■ One cause for the neglect of a 
matter bearing so directly upon the prosperity of a large portion of both 
provinces, may perhaps b 3 'found in the fact that the riots and disturbances 
in New Jersey, which prevailed so extensively during the administration 
of Governor Belcher, were engrossing much of the attention of both the 
provincial government and the Crown' officers, and a suggestion had been 
made, originating apparently with Mr.' Paris, that the junction of the two 
provinces in one government might restore peace ; this may hare been con- 
sidered a panacea also for the boundary difficulties, and cause them. to be 
put aside, at least until the suppression of the riots had been thoroughly 
effected. ;,■ :;.'.' g*S< ■" i--«r- ;»&>, •■•> e*od bj .--<'•-•;•;« jetWa •'• ,- > j ■■ 
■ At last, the parties seem to have aroused from their lethargy. ' On the 
2d December, 1752, Mr. Paris desired the Board of Trade to fix a day for 
the consideration of the bill, but not until 7th June, 1768, was his request 
' acceded to. On the 4th of July following, the determination of the Board 
was probably arrived at, as the two agents were' summoned to attend the 
Bitting of that day ; and on 18th July they submitted to the King in Coun- 
cil an i opinion adverse to the wishes of New Jersey, inasmuch as the bill 
was ex-par U in its character, and could not be considered authorized by 
any prior co-operation on the part of New York, as those transactions were 
never properly warranted by the Crown, nor could its interests be "bound 
by proceedings so authorized ; losing eight entirely of their previous ac- 
tion in approving the acts of both provinces, directing the running of the 
line in 1719. They ignored Governor Clinton's views completely as to the 
. • ■ - ■ ■ ■ < • -. '- ■ ■ '■ ' •- ! ■»■■■• | '■ B 

• Smith, n., pp. 18MM. "Beedy Wand," be it .observed, ljing in about $9 
deg. 5 mln. N. 

1 ■ ■' ■ 



■Crown's having no interest In the vmatter,- for they 8*7, «* We think with 
respect to Quit Rents and Escheats, the situation of the tut) provinces 
makes a material alteration; for though the province of New Jersey is not 

1 under regulations either of propriety or charter with respect to its govern- 
ment, j yet it is a : Propriety Province with respect to the grant : and tenure 
of its Territory ; l and consequently, as New York is not in that predicament, 
the determination of the Boundary in, prejudice to that province.' will affect 
the Interest of the Crown, with respect to the tenure of such lands as are' 
conceived in this question ; it being evident that whatever districts are 

. supposed to be. immediately held of the 'Grown In New York, by being 
supposed to be included in the limits of the province of New Jersey, will 
immediately pass to the Proprietors of that Province, and be held of them; 
by which means the Crown will be i deprived of its Escheats and the Quit 
Bents pass into other hand*"* o? ..,'> v: .- ■--,? - ;■ ' • -,-u- ,1 ; j,-. , ; - 
; By disapproving thus of the previous action of Gov. Hunter and the two 
Legislatures in relation to the line of 1719, they materially hindered the 
fulfilment of the agreement entered into in relation to it, and strengthened 
the New York claimants in their opposition to its provisions, h I The formal 
repeal or disapproval oi the act was not, however, -promulgated for several 
months thereafter. On 4th- August the New York agent notified Mr. Paris ' 
of his intention to move for it, and we find the latter, on the 18th August, 1 
complaining of the insufficiency of the materials in his possession to insure 
success in resisting the repeal which would come up for final action ig Oc- 
tober or; November following. It is somewhat singular that neither the 
act, nor the fact of its repeal, is mentioned fa Nevill's Laws. '■■■■ 

, In 1758, (May) the population of that part of the province having ma- 
terially increased, the county of Sussex was set off from Morris f and the 
consequent closer proximity of courts and legal functionaries, of , tax asses- 
sors and collectors, appears to have occasioned more frequent collisions 
.with such of the inhabitants of the contested I district - as were' disposed to 
resist the operation, of New Jersey laws. Finding .that there was nd pro* 
1>eotoCliringtog^ew*Yorkft© a final settlement of the line very soon, 
feeing a* little Ukelj to approve of a commission for' the pin-pose as they 
had been of the act which had been passed by the Now Jersey Assembly, 
Mr. Alexander, Jn a letter to'.Mr, Paris cT.Dec.rSi8V.WWI, suggested the 
propriety of having' the lint run hvtf 719 'designated -as a temporary liins 
0/ Jurudution, until a final settlement 'could be effectcd^-e, similar propo- 
Sitiop having been also presented to'. Governor Belcher wSOtb November 
preceding— and in MaAm, 1764, rfiobert flunter Morris enclosed It to the 
Board of Trade, and urged their approval of the measure.' w.iU/JSwwq \d 
Every step taken then, as was the case in aubseqhent Boundary disv 
putes, calculated to hasten the desired result, seems to have originated with 
New Jersey, and to have been earnestly and considerately -pressed upon 

',. u 

V. Y:ColDoc'ta.; YoiYi: pVttiT '• v" ^ , 

I— 1 I 





the attention of New York. Thus this proposition for a temporary Line of 
Jurisdiction was at once communicated by Gov. Belcher to Lt Gov. De- 
lancey of New York, and by him laid before his Council. '-The' Committee 
to whom the matter was referred, recommended, very willingly,' the estab- 
lishment of such a line,' but instead of adopting that of 1710, they wished the 
Lieut Governor to secure the designation of a line said, by them, to have been 
fixed 'fa' J 1686,* 'but -vehlch "the New r Jersey commissioners, In 1769, 
asserted was now for the first time claimed by New York for the true 
line. Lieut Gov. Delancey, however, conceded that the line on the Dela- 
ware might fee 'carried up to the lower' forks or junction of the Delaware 
with the Mackhackinack, instead of terminating at Mini sink Island ; his 
argument for hot allowing it to extend to 41 deg. 40 mln. being stated by 
himself In' a' letter to the Lord of Traded thus: "As for these words," 
which is fa forty-one degrees and forty minutes of latitude, "I do not take 
them to be part of the description of the Boundary ; they are only affirma- 
tive words of computation, or rather conjecture of the latitude wherein 
the northernmost branch on the Forks of Delaware lye. For instance, if 
a grant was made of all the lands from London Bridge to Greenwich, 
which it ten milts ; here the mistaken computation made of the distance, 
will not carry the grant beyond Greenwich. London Bridgo being the ter- 
minus a quo, the place whence, and Greenwich the terminus ad quern, the 
'place to which ; and these two make the extent ' of the grant, and are 
'always understood to be exclusive.' So of the western boundary of Jersey, 
the main Ocean at Cape May at the mouth of Delaware Bay,' is the term!, 
nus a quo, and the northernmost branch of the said Bay or the River of 
Delaware, is the terminus ad quern, which make the extent of the Jersey 
grahton the West "t- '' '••: ■•■'•• -' ■■■ -•' <■ 

The Lieut Governor evidently lost sight of the (act that by ignoring the 
limitation of the given latitude,-, his " terminus ad quern" could only be 
found at the mouth of the Popaxtun branch,- as no' geographer can deny 
the "northernmost branch" of the Delaware must be either that or the 
Mohawk.'! J&sjiJrte ' •■' ■■»■• ."'■'1 Wwprt ,-•;'*/ ■'■ . ■■< - a - '••'' ' 
■ The action of Lieut Gov. Delancey's Council was sustained by the As- 
sembly, and during the year several spicy communications passed between 
the authorities of the two provinces respecting the merits of the different 
lines, in which considerable crimination and recrimination were indulged 
in; Governor Belcher being accused of "impertinence and indecency," 
and of " unwarrantable .liberties" in his manner of conducting the discus- 
sion; and one may almost imagine he is reading a new .version of the 
fable of the wolf and the lamb, when be is told of the "forbearance" of New 

• Minutes N. Y. Assembly, Oct. 99, 17M. 
t N. Y. Col. Docts., Vol. YI., p. 839. 

• 8 

I See Line No. 6 on mip. 



York, "notwithstanding the many insults offered to it by the Province of 
New Jersey."* . ■:; ,,/ , x . . 

It appears from a formal report made to the New York/Assembly Octo- 
ber 29th of the same year, (1754) that £he New Jersey people,, tired of 
awaiting the iardy movements of the New York Legislature, bad pretty 
effectually sustained their rights by tho exercise of might' After referring 
to several evils and ipdignities. submitted to, the report states that "His 
Majesty's Justice* of the Peace and other subordinate; offioers and minis- 
ters, in and for Orange County, have been repeatedly beaten, insulted, 
prevented in the execution of their respective offices, taken Piisbners and 
carried into parts of New Jersey remote from their habitations and the 
opportunity of being relieved, and have been thrown into jail,, and held to 
excessive bail and prosecuted by indictment; "t >,Some of them," (the 
inhabitants of Orange County) says the same document, : V have been 
obliged to desert their possessions, ' while a few, more -resolute than the 
reft* are reduced to the necessity of converting their dwellings into places 
of defence, and go armed for fear of some sudden attack,'!, and they re- 
ferred particularly to the case of Thomas Dekay, Colonel: of the Militia, 
and a Justice of the Peace of Orange County, whose plantations were 
claimed by the New Jersey Proprietors, as having his life threatened in 
his own house by armed men, and as being told by Mr. Alexander that he 
could only be assured of a quiet possession on his agreeing to hold his lands 
under New Jersey, becomo a Jerseyman, and fight (as he expressed it) for 
New Jersey against the New York people.^ Numerous affidavits relating to 
similar transactions— and particularly to the arrest of Jacobus 8warfwout— 
a New York Justice, who had made himself very obnoxious-" on "the 
Sabbath, day at the church at Mackhackimack, at Minlsink, being at least 
ten miles from the lower end of little jMiniaink island,": are to be found in 
the New York records.^ »nd on the other aide we have accounts of out- 
rages committed by Colonel Dekay himself, in previous yeeraJ of irrup- 
tions made by the people of New York into New Jersey/during which 
one or more houses were burnt, and of persons ousted of their possessions 
T , ^?v* •*8*T >r8 - *&&*, 'to™*' Btatements^were of course trans- 
n » I «* d > ?• v »«^«Wea in Wand, and it is not surprising that, while 
subjected to the slow process of .examination and adjudicatiod by Commit- 
tees and Boards, the patties immediately interested should have despaired 
of any peaceful settlement; of that Governor Belcher; on 26th. November 


t Minutes of Assembly, II., p. ««. 
Boundary Paper*, No. 133. 

y >. 






•should have thought it necessary to urge the issuing of such orders from 
the King, as might prevent bloodshed, which these conflicts threatened to 
produce. Months, however, "rolled away, with not a single efficient meas- 
ure being adopted, and we find James Alexander, on 2d July, 1755, 'ex- 
pressing his belief that no speedy settlement of the controversy could be 
expected, -' and feelingly suggesting to Mr. Paris that, as they were both 
" getting advanced in years," they should be instructing others in its his- 
tory,- and preparing them to conduct it aright -' His eon William, after- 
wards known as Lord Stirling, and Robert Hunter Morris, had already, in 
a great degree, taken his place, and Mr. Paris was requested to look out a 
competent gentlemen to act as his substitute, should occasion require. 
Mr.' Alexander died in the spring of 1700, and in him the province lost 
one'of its most intelligent, patriotic, and useful citizens, to whose abilities 
and services justice has yet to be done in the preparation of a suitable Me- 
moir, for which there are abundant materials. - 

During the period covering these events, the " Circumlocution Office," 

whose functionaries are ever striving "how not to do it," which Dickens 

has so graphically portrayed, seems to have been located on the premises 

7 of the Board of Trade, for notwithstanding all the appeals from New Jer- 

j sey it was not until the 22th August, 1705, that any action took place, 
and then nothing but simple Instructions issued from Whitehall, to the effect 
that New York should do, what the Proprietors of East Jersey were wind- 
ing to do, provide for its proportion of the expenses of s Joint Commis- 
sion: an act passed by *be New York Assembly in 1764, submitting the 
matters "in dispute to the King solely,- being at the "same time repealed. 
This act originated in what Smith terms " an obstinate attachment to the 
opinion that the stations from and to which the dividing line was to run 
■were clear ;" or, which is the .most probable conjecture, with a design " to 
protract tho controversy."* - 

The instructions from Whitehall were laid before the New York Assem. 
. bly i ; 8th January following (1786.) and resulted in a barren act provid- 
ing foi tho sale of enough land in the Minisink and, Waywayanda Patents 
to raise the amount; a measure against which the patentees strongly and 

'** at great length remonstrated, in a memorial submitted to the Assembly on 
18th February, 175 6— which maybe taken as a full exposition of the merits 
of their claimt-^asserting 'the propriety, of -making the expenso a public 
charge upon tho whole province as contemplated in previous years. • Their 
disinclination to meet the requirements of the act rendered it of course 
inoperative. Again, on the 1st September, did Governor Belcher complain 
to tho. authorities in England, arid so manifest was the remissness of New 
York, 1 that on the 24th November the Council referred to the Board of 

- j , 1-4 r 

' * Smith, n., p. JOI. '• 

' t Printed In Minutes of Assembly, II. p. 525. 


.... ;. 







Trade for Action, the memorial of the East Jersey Proprietors, asking for 
the establishment of the line of 1719 as one of temporary jurisdiction. A 
bearing was appointed on the 21st December, and I may be permitted to 
- introduce here an extract from a letter of William Alexander to Bobert 
Hunter Morris, in my possession, which gives the results of the proceed- 
ings. ..; Writing from London, Feb. 12,-1757, he saysrr*'; 
. " We expected to meet with the long practised opposition and erosions 
on the part of New York, and therefore prepared for them by determining 
to make oar .offers so ample and fair as to put it oat of their power tot 
make any. objections to the doing something or other effectual After 
reading oyer the petition, and proving the delivery of. a copy of it to the 
President of the Council of New York, we told their Lordships "that if 
they had any objections to the granting the prayer of the. petition for a 
, temporary line, and chose rather to have the matter, determined by a Com- 
' mission for running the final line ; and as the only objection that now re- 
mained to the issuing such Commission was, that the Province of New 
Yofk had not provided for their moiety of the expense, we would advance 
the money necessary for the whole expense of sueing out the Commission 
and carrying it into execution, provided their Lordships would advise that 
in .the Commission it might be ordered that tho Commissioners should ■ ■ 
award one-half of the expense to be paid by the Province of New York to 
the. Proprietors of East Jersey. This we tbought'we might venture to 
offer, rather than leave them the least pretence for any further delay ; and 
it had the effect we wished ; for it convinced their Lordships that the- Pro- 
prietors were honestly disposed to put an end to the contest" 
a In this connection it may be remarked that not only, as stated by Mr. 
Alexander^ were the Proprietors honestly disposed to put an end to the 
contest^ but that every exertion was constantly being made to bring it to a 
dose; and, what is still more creditable, admitted behind the scenes as I 
have been, baying in my hands the correspondence of all the prominent 
■$jW-?3ij^^ assert that, not a 

measure was proposed nor a step taken which was not entirely honorable 
and n^yj m" they palmed only at^what was right, there has not come 
under my notice a remark 'or. a suggestion intimating a desire on the part 
of the Proprietors to pursue. any. course not sanctioned by justice and 
equity. . ■•■ - .s f ^V,'''.;. "■.."••■. ?^:*-*U,y*-y 

. Although Mr. 't^a^-^a^v^^^^^mO^^^ to get the Board 
•'not to do it" for a while longer, p€ was a'nsu'ccWulm'pWponing their 
report beyond the 27th January; J 76% when they "re^mmerided the es- . 
tabjishment of .the line asked forty tie, East Jersey Proprietors,' but gave 
New York six months time to provj^e for the' expense cf settling the final 
.line, before the temporary one of jurisdiction should take effect By thk 
arrangement parties in actual possession were not to be disturbed ,by the 
claims of either province, and vacant lands north or south of t^e line 
.-were allowed to be granted by the Governor of New York or tho East Jer- 



Bey Proprietors, according to their location— the rents and profits to be 
subsequently accounted for to whichever party should have the tracts on a 
Baal settlement* " 

But the six months were allowed to" pass) and were followed by five 
years more of Bupineness and indifference on the' part of New York;' but 
the attention of a new Governor, Robert Monckton, was drawn to the sub- 
ject, and its importance being recognised, he brought it before the Assem- 
bly in December,, 1782, and secured the' passage of a Bill for submitting 
the controversy "to Buch a method of settlement as His ' Most Gracious 
Majesty Bhall by his royal, commission think' proper to' appoint;" the Pat- 
entees of Waywayanda and Minisink agreeing to pay whatever expenses 
might be incurred over £1,500. This was responded to by the Assembly 
of New Jersey at their next session the following Jane by the 'passage of 
an act intended to effect the same end, but owing to some objections which 
—do not appear, it failed to receive the royal approbation, and another one 
was passed February 28d, -1764,t— was approved— and the matter com- 
menced once more the circuitous and dilatory course of the " Circumlocu- 
tion Offices" in England: remaining involved in their labyrinths until 
October, 1767, on the 7th of which month the long contemplated Commis- 
sion issued under the privy seal • ' - '• '• *' ," '■■'> " k> .'■_-■ . : -i 
It is not known whether the privilege was accorded to any of the parties 
in interest to designate the Commissioners ; there are some intimations,' 
however, in the letters of Mr. Paris, that the East Jersey Proprietors re- 
monstrated in advance against the selection of certain persons. The fol- 
lowing gentlemen were named in the writ : ' * '' . ;~ : ^"t» 
Vharlet Stewart, John Temple, and Peter Randolph, Surveyors General 
of the Customs for the District of Quebec and of the Northern and South- 
ern Districts of America respectively. Andrew Elliot, Receiver General 
of the Quit Rents in the Province of New York, i Chamber Butt ell, Judge 
of the Court of Vice Admiralty for the Province of Massachusetts. WiU 
' lidm Allen, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania. Samuel Holland and William 
De Brahm, Surveyors General of Lands for the Northern and Southern 
Districts of America, i Andrew Olirer,'. Secretary of the Province of Mas- 
sachusetts, ■ Charles Morris, Surveyor of Lands and one of the Councils 
of Nova Scotia. Pay to n Randolph, Attorney General and one of the 
Council of Virginia Benjamin- Franllm, of the Province of Pennsylva- 
nia, and Jarid lngersoll, of the Colony of Connecticut-r-any five of whom 
were clothed with power to examine witnesses and adjudicate the case, 
subject to the confirmation of His Majesty in Council— provided no appeal 
from their decision should be entered before -them at a subsequent meet- 
ing, which they were authorized to hold, two months, at least, but not to 
exceed, three months, after the promulgation of their decision. 

• Whltehoad MSS., Vol JSL, No. US. Boundarj Tapers, No. 1M. Bmilh's I 
K. T., II;, p. 849. 
■J AlliDMD, SM, SS8. 

' \ 

■ ::■ ■ : . 


'.--■'-. .... ' - :. •■' '■?■■'.;•! si ■ ' -: , | • •<"] '■ >, 

Still there must be delay — and nearly two years more passed away, be- 
fore, the first meeting of the Commissioners, which was held the 18th of 
July, 1769. ..The place of meeting was the room used for the sittings of 
the Chamber of Commerce in New York in the Exchange, which, was built 
on arches at the foot of Broad street, in a line with "Water stre et, and it will 
add to our. interest in the matters there discussed, to summon before our 
mental vision some of the men who might have been seen in and about 
that room while the investigation was pending — men who, from their dis- 
tinguished character, their different political and social affinities and sub- 
quent careers, (so little foreseen by any of them) are well worthy of m> 
tice...,- ;\.- /r.- .••;.',;;. ••-._. .----7, %$*• • ;**»] , ,-.-f s --- .-- ..'; ' _ ■, ,.;. -.■■ . 

The Commissioners in attendance were six in number, Messrs. Stewart, 
If orris, Elliot, Holland, Oliver, and Ingersoll; all of note in the Colonies. ; 

Mr. Elliot, the Collector of the Customs and Receiver of the Quit Rents 
in New York, was the third son of Sir Gilbert Elliot, Lord Chief-Justice 
Clerk of Scotland, and undo of the first Earl of Minto. He was highly 
esteemed for his business talents, intelligence, and worth. Major Holland 
had been for some years Surveyor General of the Northern Colonies, and at 
this time, or shortly after, was engaged in a survey of the Atlantic Coast, 
and continued so employed until the progress of the Revolution prevented • 
the further prosecution of all undertakings of such a character. • His maps* 
it is said, were used by Des Banes in the compilation of his eel ob rated 
charts of the American Coast Ono in my possession, published about 
1700, entitled, " The Provinces of New York and New Jersey; with- part 
of Pennsylvania, and Governments of Trois Revieres. and Montreal," is re- 
markably correct for the time, and shows some of the lines referred to in 
the discussions between New Jersey and New York. 

Messrs. Ingersoll and Oliver had both been sufferers from a previous 
manifestation of royal confidence, having incurred the popular displeasure 
by accepting the thankless office of Stamp Distributor in their respective 
provinces. : Mr. Oliver, was born in Boston, graduated at Harvard in 
1724, and obtained celebrity as a Representative and Counsellor. At this 
time W was about sixty-two years of age. It was while filling the office of 
Secretary of the Province in 1765 JEhat he was appointed Stamp Distributor 
for Massachusetts, but his place of business being assaulted and demolished 
by the mob, he was obliged to resign. Subsequently, under tho supposi- 
tion that be was seeking to be restored, he was not • only required i to pub- 
.liah a declaration that he would not perform the dutics-of the office, but 
also to appear publicly under the Liberty Tree, and in the presence of two- 
thousand persons, aolemnly swear that he would not directly or Indirectly 
enforce the act His coadjutor, Ingersoll, was considerably younger, being 
in his forty-seventh year. He was a graduate of Yale in 1742, and was in 
England as agent of Connecticut when he received "the appointment under 
the Stomp Act He arrived at Boston on his way to Connecticut In. 
August, 1765. Remaining there a short time, his approach becam. 

■T . — NORTHERS BOUNDARY. " • 175 

known to the good people of his native province, and public sentiment ran 
so strongly against him that threita of. even personal violence were in- 
dulged in. These, however, resulted only In his being tried and condemned 
to %i "burned, mefflgy-^an intimation which Mr. IngersoU Tery- wisely 
heeded' and resigned his office ; but, as in' the case of Mr. Oliver, this did 
not satisfy Jhe patriots of the day, who extorted from him In public an Ex- 
plicit declaration of his intentions,' together with shouts, thrice repeated, of ' 
"Liberty and Property." '■'- -' - ; ^ ■ 

.Associated with the Commissioners, as their Secretary, was the youthful 
John Jay, -then in his twenty-fourth year, who bad just been admitted to 
the, Bar. * He had already manifested those qualities which were destined 
to secure 'for htm in after years an enviable distinction among the distin- 
guished jurists and statesmen of the country— a distinction which in all 
the. true elements of greatness was surpassed by few. • - He probably owed 
his' appointment to the fact that his legal preceptor,' Benjamin Kissam— 
whom he was wont to consider "one of the best men he ever knew," was 
associated with the New York agents as one i of their counsel— : a ' similar 
position with the New Jersey agents being filled by Samuel Jones, — the 
father of the late Ch. -.'-Justice Jones of New York, — in reference to whom 
Mr. Jay says, in one of his letters, ■■** I wish there were many stlch men 
among us; they would reduce things to just principles." "■'■ 

The claims of New York were presented by Henry Holland", Vho had 
held several important posts In the Province — Frederick Philipse, the head 
of one of the leading families, John Morin Scof, "William Bayard, and 
John Cruger— the last three being the prominent participants in the pro- 
ceedings. All three had been identified with the interests of the colonies 
in the events which had up to this time disturbed the relations between 
them and the mother country, and Cruger, as Mayor of the city, had, taken 
into his possession the obnoxious stamp papers in 1765. " Both he and 
Bayard had been active members of the first American Congress held in 
that year, and Cruger drew up the Declaration of Rights and Grievances 
put forth by that body.' : There must have been, therefore, a wide differ- 
ence between their political views and those of the Commissioners^ Oliver 
"and Ingersoll, before whom they appeared.^ : Cruger was then, and had 
been for ten years, a member of the New York Assembly, and hold the 
office of Speaker from 1769 to 1776 ;"and Mr.^Bayard was one of the most 
prominent citizens. ••' Mr. Scot bad been associated with "William Livingston 
in editing the "Independent Reflector,"' which in 1702 and 1708 did so 
much to expose and correct existing' abuses of government and corruption 
of Individuals;" and also aided in' the preparation of other papers which 
exercised no Inconsiderable influence in the formation of that public sen- 
timent, Which subsequently proved so irresistible In overcoming the preju- 
dices for royalty! He "was connected with every en terprise looking to the 
intellectual improvement of the people, and at this time was ah eminent 
member of the New York Bar. It was from his pen that the long memo • 




rial proceeded, which was presented to the New Tork Assembly in 1756; 
and which pointed him out as one peculiarly qualified to sustain the inter- 
•sstof New .York before~the Commissioners, . ? .-,.--.. -...« -., r r . H ;iUt ; r : , 
The claims of New Jersey were' confided to John Stevens, James Parker, 
Walter Eutherfurd, Henry Cuyler, and William Donaldson, but the last 
two are thought not to hare attended in person. The- positions of the 
other three In oar local annals are too well known to require special notice. 
.. The conducting of the case seems to hive devolved for the most part 
upon Mr. Parker, whose letters, briefs, and memoranda which are In my 
possession, all evince a thorough .acquaintance with the subject, and the 
most untiring devotion to the interests of ; the. province. He was ably 
seconded by bis'coadjutors and Lord Stirling— distinguished for .hi* math- 
ematical abflities-^ln all matters connected with the practical questions at 
issue, and having as legal advisers Benjamin Chew of Philadelphia, David 
Ogden of Newark,- Richard Stockton of Princeton, and Cortlandt Skinner 
of Perth Amboy, though they seem to have been irregular in their attend 
ancej Mr. Jones, before referred to, being the counsel most generally 
present • u, .-,..■ .. ■', .:■'■ ":;'-''>'■'•.•. .: , . '■•.•.••.,,•.'. • . 

It must be conceded, that the -names I hive thus given present in them- 
selves cendusive evidence that, so far as numbers and ability, official; sta- 
tion and social position, were requisites to ensure a just decision,' those to 
whom were entrusted the adjustment of the controverted matters, possess- 
ed them all to a remarkable degree. V But before proceeding to notice 
their proceedings, we may allow ourselves to anticipate the events of a few 
years, and dwell briefly upon the checkered fortunes and varied fields of 
action of those_wbo were then in such close and constant intercourse, vj , 

Of the sitting Commissioners, Oliver, although estimable in all his pri- 
vate, relations, became exceedingly obnoxious to the patriots of Massachu- 
setts from his adherence to the royal cause, and sinking under the anxieties 
and disquietudes. of the earlier years of the revolution, died in 1774, "El- 
liot sided also, with the royalists, and continued to hold various important 
*"-**-* New York so long as the ^British army retained possession ; then 
retired for a season to Perth Amboy, but eventually, as did also Holland, 
had to submit to, expatriation and the confiscation of his property.'. Inger- 
soil appears to have been taught prudence by his experience u Stamp Dis- 
tributor, so that, on the suspensidd 5 of his. duties, as Judge of Vice ^ Admi- 
ralty,, to which he was appointed aoon after sitting upon the Boundary 
>a Commission and which had caused Rs, removal to Philadelphia, be returned 
, to Connecticut and so carefully guarded his conduct; as to excite no Dl feel, 
togjoward him, and died there in 17M. : '; The pther; two, Stewart' and 
Morris, residing respectively to Canada and Nova Scotia, were jnot affected 
by the disruption of the ties which had bound the other colonies .to Eng-, 
land. U -Their youthful Secretary, 'Jay, soon identified himself .with the 
cause of America, and his upright and consistent course in every relation, 
public and private, so won the confidence and esteem of his countrymen, 



I that we find him filling many of the most exalted offices in their gift, and 
among them that of, a negotiator, to settle — not the comparatively, insignifi- 
cant disputes of adjoining land owners, but— tho conflicting rights and priv- 
ileges of nations; his services as Minister at the jCoorts of St. Cloud and 
St. James being eminently worthy of commendation., 
.' Of the New Tork agents, Messrs. Bayard, PhOlipse and Cruger were among 
those who, however disposed at first to act in opposition to the encroach me d ts 
upon the. liberties of. the colonists, were .eventually led to .connect them- 
selves with, the royalists, the first two seeking safety abroad, their property 
, being confiscated to the State of New York, and Mr. Cruger retiring to 
Einderhook, where he died in 1792. Among those who represented the 
interests, of New Jersey.. as agents an4,counsel^ there proved , to bo many 
different. shades of opinion as the progress of eve nts obliged them to decide 
upon the rival claims of England^ and America to their Joy alty. I , Mr. 8 Se- 
vens became an active participator in the. proceedings of Committees and 
Councils in New Jersey, while Messrs. ^Parker, and Rutherford observed a 
strict neutrality ; but, notwithstanding the close intimacy existing between 
them and the prominent Whigs of the day, so little were private friend* 
ships allowed to interfere with public, .duties, ;that not having taken the 
oaths of allegiance, they both suffered confinement for Eeveral months at 
Morristownjn consequence of the treatment received in New York by two 
Jersey men, (Messrs. Fell and Van 5knd$ ,wbo had fallen into the hands of 
the royalists. ■ .A somewhat similar experience. was that of Mr. Chew, who 
was sent a prisoner to Virginia, to.cop^equence i.of his refusal to take tho 
required oaths.,. Mr. Skinner, asjs weU known, fled the province and be- 
came a Major General of the Royal V^unteers, .although'at first an earnes 4 . 
opponent of those measures of the Crown which led to hostilities ; while on 
the other hand, Wm. Alexander, Lord Stirling, adopted the colonial cause, 
and became a Major General of the' Continental forces. David Ogden, of 
whom Mr. Field has given an interestipg sketch In '.his "Provincial Courts 
and Bar," abandoned the country and returned not until 1790, while Rich- 
ard Stockton boldly. enrolled himself '.among .those who pledged to each 
other "their lives, thek fortunes, and their sacred honor," in defence of 
American liberty. , i (.,(•., if ....'- \ 

We pass now to a consideration of the proceedings of the Commission- 
ers. ^-Care was taken by the New Jersey agents prior to tho sitting of the 
. Board to have a traverse i made of the Delaware Rivor and Musconetcong 
Branch, tho first by Anthony Dennis .and the other by. Thomas MMedger- 
e'xperienced Surveyors both.- the work/ of the former, especially, in tho^ 
language of Lord Stirling, giving "great' satisfaction," going '." greatly," 
he says, "to prove 'that the fork laid down In 41 degVaO mln. In the Dutch 
Maps is the upper fork, and not above "sixteen miles to the nbrth'of the 
latitude ;" and a thorough examination of records, grants, and maps broogbt 
together a vast amomrtof evidence that seemed. Irresistibly conclusive, and 
from a remark in one of Mr. Chew's letters Was thought to hare produced 





a due impression upon the agents of New York. "I am glad," fee wrote 
to Mr. Parker, Jane 15th, 1769, " to hear your adversaries are bewildered.- 
The Lord. confound their politics, and enlighten and remote all partiality 
and undue influence from the hearts of your judges. Amen." ' 

The New York claimants were also on the alert, and had procured TarloW 
surveys and maps relating to the points upon which they based their argu- 
ments. These surveys, with those made under the authority of the New' 
Jersey agents, were properly verified, and by direction of the Commissioners 
—who at this stage of tho proceedings were said to have been " very indulgent 
and exceeding desirous of promoting any measure that had the least tend- 
ency to do either party justice,"— were incorporated in one general map, 
which was to be farther corrected by new observations of the latitude on 
both rivers, by running the line of 1710 and a line " from a place on Hud- 
son's River doe west of the lower Yonker*s Mills, to the lower end of Mini- 
sink Island," being the line asserted by the New York parties as having 
been agreed upon in 1686— the dwelling-houses, mills, iron works, &c., 
within the controverted limits to be particularly designated on the map. 
It is presumed that this map was constructed, but whether now in existence 
or not, pas n<>t been ascertained. From the details It must have contained, 
it would be a valuable acquisition, could it be found. , _ 

To determine the latitude with precision, the agents of both provinces 
united in securing the services of Mr. David Rittenhouse of Philadelphia, 
who has been called the Newton of America. He was then in his thirty- 
seyenth year, and had gained such celebrity for his mathematical "and as- 
tronomical attainments as to bo selected by the American Philosophical 
Society to observe the transit of Venus which, occurred on the 8d June of 
that year, «• I am glad that Mr. Rittenhouse has undertaken this," wrote 
the Rev. William Smith to Mr. Parker, "for a man of equal abilities can 
scarce be got, and none of Buperior ; on this continent * • * Let not' 
his modesty prejudice, for it covers" worth and abilities of a very superior 
kio ^" f%- Rittenhouse joined the corps of surveyors about the middle of 
August, bringing with him from Philadelphia the 8extant and Time-piece 
belonging to tho Proprietors of Pennsylvania In order to facilitate and ver- 
ify the various observations. Associated with him was also Captain John 
Montresor, a 'distinguished 'Engineer,' -.who served under General Braddock, 
and was,an '^rislgn in his famous expedition. He had quitted the army, 
however, 1ni766.* During the revolution he made drawings of several of 
the positions occupied by the hostile armies around Boston arid elsewhere, 
which were, a few years since, in the possession of the late Ithiel Town. ^ 

Anthony. Dennis and James i Clinton were appointed to run "the i line of 

The Chamber of Commerce of New York prolited by the presence of Messrs. 
RittenhoBse and Montresor to have the latitude of the Battery ascertained, they 
"ported to the Chamber on 7th November that they made It 40 deg. 4i mln 8 sec 
North.^-Jfr. Rnf* HlHcry of tkt Chamber of Commtnx, p'. 64. 

I - .., ;. ..., ■ 

NORTHERS BOumaBT. ; 179 

1686, but on commencing the work on 15th Aoguit, they were encounter- 
ed by »lirgeb>dy\of jmen. with dubs, .arid obliged to relinquish the under- 
taking ; but the Hew Jersey . ageuU.heving applied for, and obtained, from 
Governor Franklin, a proclamation warning ' all persons against molesting 
them, they Msumed their labors on the 21st, and ithtlr field-notes for about 
twenty miles, or more than two-fifths of the distance serosa,- are An my 
possession, giving the names of the parties then'residlng In that region, and 
other interesting facts.' ! iATssfow ' 

It was remarked that, although the New York agents had earnestly re> 
quested that this line might be run, yet, when it was undertaken, they 
threw various obstacles in the way, as it was found op examination that no • 
occupancy under New York titles could be found within a mile and a half 
of the line— a-fact which they had no desire to establish. There were 
several collateral discussions had, as to the mode of calculating the latitude 
—the number of miles in a degree— the possibility ,of the branch of the 
Delaware at Eastoni or the Lehigh, being the branch Intended in the grant 
—and other points, which it would unnecessarily prolong this paper to 
refer to more particularly. -v.- 

- The Commissioners continued in session while the surveys were being 
made, for the purpose of examining documents and receiving oral testimo- 
ny; and Messrs. Rutherford snd Stevens being absent, .employed m col- 
lecting evidence, the whole weight of the examination on the part of flew 
Jersey rested upon Mr. Parker, assisted by Mr, Jonesf and hva letter to 
Messrs. Ogden, Stockton, and Skinner, .the other counsel, Mr. Parker, 
under date of Sept 8d, expresses his anxiety *nd apprehensions asto the 
result unless they give their personal attendance, _ea was expected. He 
says: "The business of this week will chiefly be to examine witnesses on 
both sides of the Question, the minuting of which and the to™*™™ 
terrogatories on our side the question, and the cross interrogatories for *ho 
witnesses produced on the other side, will be so considerable a work that 
it is impossible for hull [Mr. Jones] with my assistance to execute it, and 
, • what the consequence of a defect In so material a point will be I leave you 
to determine. They Intend to go into evidence of an extraordinary nature, 
and such as requires the assistance of Council to oppose." • • . 

All the testimony having been received, Messrs. Stevens, Parker and 
Rutherford, on the 28th September, ■ submitted their Brief pfthe claim on 
the liart of New Jersey-*, document which reviews in a master J 'manner 
overy pretension -advanced by the agents or New York, Wutation of the 
line agreed upon in 1710 ; every point being taken up a^d discussed fully, 
with "reference to 1 the rarious patents, grants, and surveys, making, as 
printed, forty-four folio pages. The copy in my possession is the on y one 
I have ever seen, and I known* no other-, and after a careful examination 
of its : arguments and verification of, not a few. of its statements by a refer- 
ence to the original authorities, I cannot conceive how the Co«mMoncrs 
could have arrived at the following decision-just two yeers after their ap- 



pointment It seems to be based upon no principle save that of accom- 
modation to the claim* of New York.' I read from a contemporaneous cer- 
tified copy, which appears to be in tho hand- writing of Mr. Jay. The doc- 
ument has never, to my knowledge, been in print 


"AT A MEETING of the Commissioners appointed by his most Gra- 
cious Majesty's Commission to Settle the Boundary Line between the Colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey held at the Long Boom Called the 
Chamber of Commerce in the City of New York, the 7th day of October, 
1769, ' '.•-'> tfp®$&! ,-.:■<:;'■ .•■";:-• ■ •:•.. 

•' : ''Ir*; ' r . ' FRMKfT. ■ ' • . :■ ' 

. Charles Stewart, Esq.,' President, 

Andrew Elliot, Esq. 
, Samuel Holland, Esq, 

Andrew Oliver, Esq. 

Charles Morris, Esq. 

Jared Ingersoll, Esq. 

"Thb Aobsts on tho part of both Colonies, having offered to the Court 
all that they thought necessary or proper in Support of their respective 
Claims, and the Court having Considered the Same, Do Fran , ■...-. 

"That King Charles'the Second by his Letters patent bearing date thl 
twelfth day of March.1664, did Grant and Convey to his Brother the Duke 
of York, All that Tract of Country and Territory now Called the Colonies 
of New York-and New Jersey ; and that the said Duke of York afterwards 
by bis Deed of Lease and Belease bearing Date the 28d and 24th Days of 
June, 1665, did Grant and Convey to Lord Berkley of Stratton and Sir 
George Cartere^ that part of the Aforesaid Tract of Land Called New Jer- 
sey. -The Northern Bounds of which in said Deed are described to be M to 
the northward as far as the Northernmost Branch of .the tald Bay or Blver 
of Delaware which-Js in 41 deg. 40 min. of Latitude and Crosseth thence 
in a Straight Line to Hudson's Kiver in 41 deg. of Latitude." 

_,'VWo further find among tho many Exhibits a Certain ifap compiled by 
Nicholas John Vischer, and published not long before the aforesaid Grant 
from.the Duke of York, which .we have reason to believe was Esteemed 
the most Correct Map of that Country at the Time of the said Grant, on 
whicbMap U Laid down a Fork or .Branching of the River then Called 
Zuydt , River or South River now Delaware Riverin the Latitude of 41 
deg^Md 40 min., which Branch we Cannot doubt was the Branch to tho 
Deed from the Duke br York called the Northernmost Branch of <he said 
Kiver, and which in the Deed is said to lye in the Latitude of4i deg.'and 
40 min. .And from a Oarefull .Comparison of the several Parts and Races 
Laid down -on the^said Map, some of which, more Especially towards tho 
Hea Coast and on Hudson's River We have Reason to believe were at that 
time well Kn6wn. The Distance of tho said Branch from "the Sea' Shore 





'.' HOBTHXaiTBOnTtiABT. 181 

on the South,* and the Relative situation of the same, with regard to other 
places and the Lines of Latitude u they appear to be laid down on the' said 
Map %t that and other places in the Inland Country : We are of opinion 
that tha said Branch so laid down on the said Map Is the Fork or Branch 
formed by the Junction of the Stream or Water Called the Mahackamack 
. with the River Called Delaware or Fiahkill and that the same is the Branch 
Intended and referred to to the before mentioned Deed from the Duke of 
York, as the Northern Station at the .River Delaware, wbjch Fork or 
Brando. We find by an observation taken by the-Surveyors appointed by 
the Court, to be In the Latitude of 41 deg. 21 min. and 37 seconds. • 

- "We are further of opinion that the Northern Station at Hudson's River 
being by the Words of the said Deed from tho Duke of York, - Expressly 
, Limited to the Latitude of 41 deg. should be-fiied to that Latitude;' which 
Latitude we have caused to be taken in the best manner by, the Surveyors 
appointed by the I Court, and which falls at a Rock on the West Side of 
Hudson's Riier marked by the said surveyors, being 79 Chains and 27 
Links to the Southward on a Meridian from Sneydon's House, formerly 
Corbet's. _;.-._ • 

' "It is Thbrotori the final Determination of the Court That the Bounda- 
ry or Partition Line between the" said Colonies of N«w York and New Jer- 

■ ■'...•' ' '■.'■ .,."'■!'. '■ ' - ■ ■ ' - '■-■'-■ ■".< ' ': ' ' ,' ' :' •■■■:■ ■ ' ' 

* This argument, upon the soundness of which the decision rests, making the 
e i tension of New Jersey, north, to depend upon what was very gratuitously taken 

. to be the views of the parties as to the position of Cape Hay and Sandy Hook, is 
thus adverted to In the Brief of the New Jersey Agents. /I have not thought it 
aecessary to urge anything further to show its fallacy : . -,.,.; ,.- ;- t VJ •■ , ,. . 
, ' " The Agents for New Jersey do also observe, that the Duke of York, who, from 
his office of Lord High Admiral, must be supposed to hare been well acquainted 
with every branch of mathematics, and was himself a good seaman, could not haro 
been ignorant of latitudes. To say that he meant or intended any particular place, 

' or had any particular number of miles la /view for a degree of latitude, Is absurd ; 
■because nothing is offered to support It, and the Deeds shown prove the Contrary ; 
had the Duke intended any certain place on Hudson's River, he would undoubtedly 
have mentioned it; but giving a certain latitude for the beginning of the Line on 
that River, it cannot be presumed but that he meant the beginning should be 
) wherever that latitude in truth was. j To suppose, that the place of .that latitude 
was by him determined from the then known . latitude of the Capes, or Sandy 
Hook, or any other place, is supposing- what'not one of the deeds, or any rational 
construction of them or other evidence, will warrant.' No place Is mentioned ex- 
cept Cape May, which was to be the southern boundary, not described by any let- 
l itude/but as a Cape; It follows, therefore, that, if. the situation of the Cape had 

.been a Degree further North or South, than it actually.ia ; yet it could .not affect 
the stations we contend for, as they are fixed independent of it or any other place 

- whatsoever. To suppose that the Duke knew the latitude of the Cape," and that 
he from .thence determined the latitudes on theNfttvers, computing sixty miles' of 
80 chains in a mile to a degree; is supposing more absurdly. •. . • . * i The Duke 
.well knew, that limiting hi* grant by. Degrees of Latitude, was more determinate 
than any other Boundary he could give; and as the Latitudes are given, we cannot 
think that any other mensuration can ever be admitted."— Brvf, p. 81. ! 


■ . 



soy be a direct and straight Line from the said Fork at the Mouth of the 
Riter Mahackimack in the Latitude of forty-one Degrees twenty-one Min- 
utes and thirty-seven Seconds to Hudson's River at the!- said Bock in the 
Latitude of forty-one degrees as above described. 



Cha. Stewart, 
Andrew Elliot, '. 
Andrew Oliver, • 
Jared Ingersoll." 

« Samuel Holland and Charles Morris, Esquires, two of the of the mem- 
bers of the Court not Concurring In a part of the foregoing determination, 
viz., That part respecting the Station at Hudson's River, desired to have 
their Seasons for such their Dissent entered on the Minutes of our Pro* 
ceedings, which was allowed and they are as follows : - • 
—-"THE Northern Boundary of the province of New Jersey is the matter 
Submitted to our Consideration and to Ascertain the Extremities of the 
Partition Line upon Hudson's and Delaware Rivera. < 

"In doing this We are to proceed upon Principles of Justice and Equity, 
having respect to the Proofs. This we apprehend to be [the] Language and 
Intent of [our] Commission and It is Necessary It should be so because 
the Country was but little known "at the Time The Grants to the Duke of 
York were made, and We must of necessity have recourse to the ancient 
Maps which were in being at Time of making these Grants. 

••' It is difficult to ascertain with precision what Lands passed to the Duke 
of York by his Grant, Either from the Express Words of the Grant or by 
any Maps of the Country that appear to us to have been then extant. 
Nor is it probable That the Duke or his Grantees were belter Informed 
when He Conveyed New Jersey to' Berkley and Carteret; the best Lights 
Wo have on this Matter are the Maps of Yischer. .-•/,' 

," Tho Words relative to the Latitude in the Grants to Berkley and Car- 
teret are words of Description concerning the Northernmost Branch of 
Delaware, and We do not find upon Inquiry any Branch in the Latitude 
mentioned. A Branch nevertheless. Seems to be Intended. The Branch 
sigh to that Latitude is Mahackamack and which, from a Yiew of this An- 
cient Map we are Induced to believe was the North Partition point intend- 
ed by the Parties, and think in Justice and Equity ought to be so deter- 
mined, becauso a Line from Hudson's River, to the Branch atEaston, 
claimed on the part of New York, ., or to that of the' Pooghpextonk and 
Mohawk Branches claimed by New Jersey, ; would Involve many of his - 
Majesty's subjects in Absolute Ruin who hold respectively under Each Gov- 
ernment. * ■- 

••It is therefore upon this principle The Point on Hudson's River we %p- 
prebend ought also to be fixed, for as It appears by Ytscher's Map that 
the Latitude of forty-one on Hudson's River, which Map We apprehend 






was the Guide and direction to the Duke in forming bis Grants to Berkley 
and Carteret This Map, ascertains the Latitude of forty-one on the upper 
part of the, Manhattan's Island. ; ,. /■ :- ,- '•; .-• 

! . M If the Country therefore was vacant we should not Heaitata in Declaring 
thai the Latitude of forty -one as laid down in the ancient Maps would in 
Equity be the Station on Hudson's River, and more Especially because We 
have had abundant Experience in our own Departments to. Observe that 
the Ancient Geographers- find their Latitudes in these .parts' of the .Conti- 
nent Several Miles more Southerly than, are found to be by more modern 
Observations. In Tenderness therefore to the New Jersey Settlers' We are 
Inclined to a more Northern Station and in settling the place, where, Con. 
aider that before the Contested Territory was planted, a Place due West 
of Frederick Phillips Mills gained the Reputation as the Station 'Point upon 
Hudson's River, and a Line from this Station whieh appears to be anciently 

-fixed by the Governments concerned will be the Least detrimental to the 
Settlers, and one more Northerly will Comprehend many Farms in a pop- 
ulous Neighborhood held under New York by ancient Patents. JC Wo Can- 
not help being of Opinion That a Line thence to the Mahackamack Branch 
will be the most Just and Equitable of any We can fix upon agreeable to 
the design of the royal Commission which We imagine will be most .Con- 
formable to his Majesty's Gracious Intentions to his Subjects in both Pro v- 
inces." ■-. ■ ■ • .-. ■■■.' ..-'■ • , ■•■.! ; & :•:• \ 

• ; . ,; , "(Signed) ,• Samuel Holland, 

...:.:.■;;: •..•■.■•Charles i". Morris." 
. " The aforewritten is a true Copy of the Original Enters. Ex* by 

IfSigoed) John Jay, Clk." 

. This remarkable decree which fixed the point incontroversey, neither at 
the northernmost branch of the Delaware nor in the latitude of 41 deg. 40 
mln., but at the junction of the Mackheckimack with the Delaware in lati- 
tude 41 deg. 21 min. 87 Bee, did not satisf • cither party. -The agents of 
New York objected to both stations a* being. too far north, and the New 
Jersey Proprietors to the station on the Delaware, as too far south, throw* 
ing between 150,000 and 200.000 acres into New York, four-fifths of which, 
at least, were actually held u.:>>r grants from them ;—*nd tho 8th Decem- 
ber was fixed upon by the Comniissioners on which to re-assemble at Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, to receive the appeals and take the necessary steps for 
transmitting their proceedings to bis Majesty in Council, j In the mean- 
. while, Mr. William Bayard, one of the most active of the New York agents, 
and who was largely interested in the grants to 4 be effected by the decision, 
proceeded to London with a view, as was thought at the time, to antici- 
pate the arrival of the papers with the personal information and influence 
which he might bring to bear .upon, the Council;— and the East Jersey 
Proprietors endeavored not only to fortify themselves against Bayard's rep- 
resentations in England, but also applied to the Provincial legislature to take 




their cause under their protection, and grant such pecuniary aid as would 
enable them to-prosecute their appeal efficiently and effectually.'' ' This ap- 
plication resulted in the passage of an act, Dec. 6th, 1769,* authorizing the 
Treasurers to advance to the agents of the Proprietors Three thousand 
pounds ; but the agents were obliged to giro bonds to return the amount so 
advanced whenever demanded ;— In other words £3,000 were loaned by the 
Province to' the Proprietors— not given. . : •■•' '£«$ -■■>,. 

- On the 8th December,' only Messrs. 'Oliver and Morris reached Hartford, 
but Messrs. Elliot and IngersoU arrived the next day Five, however, were 
required to constitute a quorum, and could not formally proceed to busi- 
ness unless at the request of both parties, but as Mr. Scot of New York 
objected, the Commissioners adjourned to the 4th July, 1770, transmitting 
to Lord Hillsborough; to be laid before his Majesty, a statement of their 
reasons for so doing, and applying for further instructions. t ' - \ ■ • 

The King in Council on 27th April, 1770, directed that fuD effect should 
be given to any proceedings of the Commissioners who might attend on 
the 4th July,' without requiring the presence of five — but further action 
was rendered unnecessary by a mutual agreement between, the agents of 
of the two provinces, whereby the line designated by the Commission was 
adopted as the' line of jurisdiction .between them, and the rights of. the 
patentees, 'possessors, and claimants on either side of the line were confirmed 
to them irrespective of their derivation from New York . or._the Proprietors 
of East Jersey: it being conceived "just and equitable" that they whd 
had not only* purchased their lands for a valuable consideration ,but, as was 
the case with many of them, had laid out all their substance in their improve- 
ment, should be' secured in the enjoyment of the fruits of their labor and 
industry. ■* . . "' . 

' The precise date of this agrement I have not ascertained, but from 21st 
of May to 20th June Mr. Parker was engaged in travelling through the 
controverted region, (part of the time having Mr. Stevens associated with 
him) taking the names of the purchasers of the tracts, examining deeds, 
and making 'other arrangements for the final running of the line, which 
was done' by ^a joint corps of surveyors— Messrs. -"Wickham and Dennis 
serving on the part of the East Jersey Proprietors, under the supervision, 
it is presumed, of Walter Rutherfurd. On the 12th July, that gentleman 
had the satisfaction of writing to Mr. Parker,' "At last this line-running 
is concluded.'"** * The Patentees In general seem' pleased with the 
buidn'essj'kndlbope/weshallgetanehdof it" •. ? ' - 

: • Alluuon'a laws, p.m.', > 

. • 7 Mr. Stevens and Mr. Rutherfurd went to Hartford on the part of Now Jersey, 
and the former gentleman communicating tho result to Mr. Parker, under date of 
18th December, wrote :, "Mr. Rutherfurd and I . returned from Hartford Saturday 
sight last at 7 o'clock, after a cold faUigvfag Joumqi on kort^aci, (to save money to 
the Proprietor*,) but Mr. Scot, 4c, went In a coach and foar." ' ~'~ '"~~^ J ~- ! 



■- J-iU .^JJLu. JO^JJ^Jj^^U.JUII - SB 


A ;,..; ..;.&., / . . . ■ "T.V. ■ aS;"™lJ-V-, ,:..:;.. J ,.' . ^ 

t An act wa8 ; passed by the General Assembly of New York confirming 
this arrangement pn 16th February, 1771, and one by the Legislature of 
New Jersey September 26th, 1772 : both acta receiving the royal approval 
on the 1st September, 1773, and thus was the line decreed by the ■Commis- 
sioners in 1769— one hundred and eight yean after .the grant was reed red 
from ih> Dukoof York— declared to be Vforever" thereafter.^thft'Boun' 
dary and \ Line of Partition between this .Colony, and the Colony of New; 
York."-. The New Jersey act* is valuable aa' a historical document, from 
its giving -the name of the patentees affected by the settlement, with the 
dates of issue and number of acres in their several grants. • .-.'/.< 

-'•■':-. ■ : ■ • : . '■ .,'■■■ 

■•' . : . •' . ■:. • '..;,•...- " eJ ! .[ .' ;•■ 5-.6T* 

A brief reference to the Division line between East and West' Jersey' 
must be made, before bringing this paper to a close. 

The establishment of the north partition point at the mouth of the Mack- 

♦hackimack, instead of in the latitude of 41 deg. 40 mln. north," necessarily 

occasioned some change in the relations between the Proprietors of East 

' Jersey and those of West Jersey, by disturbing the understanding which 

bad existed for more than ninety years as to the course of the line dividing 

the two provinces; 

The Quintipartito Indenture by which, on the 1 st July, 1670, a division 
of New Jersey — which previously had been held In common— was made 
between Sir George Carteret and the assignees of Edward Bylllnga, pre^ 
scribed the following as the boundaries of that portion which 'thereafter 
was to be known "as "East New Jersey": extending from" "Little Egg 
Harbour to the forty-first degree of latitude bn Hudson's River, and cross- 
ing over from thence in a straight line extending from that part of Had- 
_son!s River aforesaid to the northernmost Branch, or part of the oefort- 
mentloned river, called Delaware Biver, and to the mott northerly point 
or Boundary of the taid tract of land and premitet, to granted by his 
said royal highness James, Duke of York, unto the said Lord Berkley and 
Sir George Carteret, now by the consent and agreement of the said parties 
to these presents, called and agreed to be called the Korth Partition 
i P<wi«,-and from thence, that is to say, from the said north partition point, 
extending soathward by a straight and direct line, drawn from the north 
partition [point] southward, through the Bald tract of land, unto the most 
southardly point of the east side of Little Egg Harbour aforesaid; which 
i said most southardly point of the east aide of Little Egg Harbour Is now 
by the consent and agreement of the said parties to these presents, called 
and agreed to be from henceforth called the south partition point, Ac" 

It was evidently the intention" of the contracting parties to divide the 
province equally, and it was in pursuance of that intention that the line 
of George Keith (No. 11 on the map) was commenced in 1087, and run as 

• AlliniOD, p. 888. . ' 



bx as the south branch of -the Raritan. Had it been extended to the Del' 
twin, West Jersey \ would hare contained 53, 69 acres less ■ than East Jer- 
sey, or 20,045 acres less than half the State, and an apreemont waa en- 
tered into in 1688, having in view the correction' of any difference that 
might wdst i -But inasmuch as the East Jersey Proprietors claimed from 
the Duke of York to the latitude of 41 deg. 40 min. on the Delaware, they 
were obliged, acting consistently, to recognise that as the "north partition 
point" agreed upon in the Quintipartite deed of 1676; and we consequent- 
ly find that the joint commission of 1719 did establish that as the point 
from which 'the line of division was to hare ran | to Little Egg Harbor, 
(No. 10 on the map) but it was not until September and October, 1748, 
that it was actually run by John Lawrence ; and the East Jersey Proprie- 
tors have continued to regard the understanding then arrived at as bind- 
ing, although it. gives to West Jersey an excess of over 1,000,000 of acres. 
The settlement of the boundary question with New York, and the conse- 
quent, change In the; northernmost point from the stated latitude to the 
mouth of the. Hackhackimack, throwing the "north partition point" far-* 
titer to the eastward, the West Jersey Proprietors by appeals to the Legis- 
lature, took some steps in 1775 toward asserting their right to the lands 
tying west of aline drawn from the Mackhackimack to Egg Harbor, (No. 
9 on the map) which would have given them more than. 1,850,000. acres 
above .the proportion of -the Proprietors of Eaii Jersey, and again. after 
the Revolution, in ,1782, the attempt was renewed, but without success. 
The internal differences, however, growing out of the Controversey .vtfth 
New York, do not legitimately "come within the scope of this paper; the 
principal points will be found staled in Gordon's History of New Jersey,* 
with references to the authorities that may be consulted for further infor- 
mation." ',' ' "".'.. .-.-.•... ■•'. 


♦pp. 72-75. 

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Pages 83 to '40 are duplicated in the rolume. A star designates the repeated 


Academy at Uorristown, First, 18. 

Abt to Exempt Society from Taxation, 88. 

Alofaen, Solomon, 4, 187; Donations from, 
85*. 117, 118, 155; Extracts from Lieut 
Bang*' Diary, read by, 117. 

American Antiquarian Society. Dona- 
tions from. 18, 64, VI, 146, 186. 

American Philosophical Society. ■ Dona- 
tion! from, 15, 89, «•, 89, 98, 119, 148, 
156. • •' "•"~. ' i - 

Amherst College. Donation from, 166. 


Bangs. Isaac Journal of in 1778, 131. 
Baldwin, Jesse. Donation from, 87*. 
Baldwin, Lucius D.,62. I 

Baldwin, Wlckliffe E.. 63. 
Bergen. Records of Dutch Reformed 

Church at, submitted for examination, 

84». " 

Bethlehem Female Seminary. Donation 

fronv 120. ■ . - ' , - 
Black, Joseph. Donation from, 17. 
Bond, Henry. Donation from, 98. 
Bouton, D.D., Nathaniel Donation from, 

66. ". ' 
Boyd. Joseph, 187; Donation from, 148. 
' Bradley, J. P., 86. 

Bradlee, Ber. C. D. Donation from, 67. 
Breroort, 8. C. Danation from, 166. 
Bruen, Alexander' If. ] Donation from, 

-.69.', :"■: ■. ;:" 

Burt, 8. C. Donation from, 16. 

Burnet, John B. Donations from,' 17 >. 
147. ■- ■■■:"•■ ■ ■ 

Bushnell, Charles J., 1 ; Letter from, rel- 
ative to "Horse-head" coppers, 11; 
Donation from, 147. 

By-Laws. 'Amendment of discussed, 7 ; 
Amendment proposed, 83; in definitely 
postponed, 90. ..- f ' ' ' • 

o • 3 - ; 

:■•■<•' . I ' 

Carnahan, D.D., Ber. James. Paper read 

by, 65 ; Besolutions on death' of, 154. 
Cary, H. C, - Donations from, ISO. , 
Chase,' Hex. Smith.' Donation from. 16. 
Chetwood, ,i£rs, "Wm. Donation from, 

10. ;. . ■ ! ., . 

Clark, Henry. 114. 

Chicago Historical Society. Dooationa 
from, 119,166. 

Cincinnati Mercantile Library Associa- 
tion. Donations from, 89, 165. 

Clark, Ber. 8. A., 114: Donations from' 
120. ' ■ " •" V:. ' 

Committees. . SUnding, for 1856, 7; 1857, 
64; 1858,90; 1859,140. 

Committee. Special, for collecting funds 
to publish Town Records, 150. ; 

Condict, Hon. Lewis, It Mam. from, rela- 
tive to " Horse-hea<r coppers, 10. 

Congsr. Samuel IL, 9. 

Connecticut Hist. Soc. Donation* from, 
15, tl% 96, 146. , 

Craren, Ber. E. B., 187. •> . 

Croes, Ber. B. B. Donations from, 147, 



Duty, Henry G., 150. 

Deris, Wm. J. Donations from, 16, 05, 

147. . 
Dawson, Henry B. Donations from, 67, 

69. __ .in 

Dayton, Hon. Wm. L., 91, 98. 
De Peyster, J. Watts. Donations from, 

Do Yeure, Ber. P„ 187. 
Dome. Bt Ber. 0. W. Besblntions on 

death of, 164. 4. 

Dodd, Ira. Donation from, 67. >' ; -' i 

Donations announced, 15, 88, 87, 68, 98 

119,148,155. , - ;■ 

Drake, a O. Donations from, 16, 89,' 17*. 

Dner, Hon. Wm. A., 88. 86, 59, 63 ; Res- 
olutions on death of, 143. -r— 


Edwards, Lewis A. Letter from, relatire 
to Old Hill at Jersey City, 86*. 

Elisabeth. Bt. John's Church, History 
0/— by Ber. & H., Clark, announced, 

■68. - ; ■ ,? • I I ,.';. ■ 

Essei Institute, (Mass.) Donations from, 

.89,165. -. . ....• . - ' , ■- 7 g., .-,..' 

,.■•'.- ■■■ ■ ;-•* I ,.F -»\-sii ■■ •> '•" ' ■'' 

' -..-.-■--■- .-■• ■• 

Female Suffregs in New Jersey. A Pa 

per read by W. A. Whitehead, 101. i t 
Field, Bichard 8 , 8, 9, 68, 64, 141, 149: 

Statements relative to establishment of 

seat of Government at Trenton. 91 ; 

Donation from. 16 ; Statement relative 

to first Hedicai Society, 143. 
Florida Historical . Society. \ Donation 

from, IIP. "• r - . ' ••' ''.- ■ ,'„ 

Ford, font David. Journal of, daring 

expedition in Pennsylvania of 1794, 76. 
Foster, John Y. Remarks on Presenta- 

tion of Capt. Lawrence's nnifonn, 151. 
Franklin, Gov., not knighted, 69. ' '" 
Freemah, H. C., 1877*^ '••-•', =- y. '. 
Freest Col J. B. ; Paper read by, 149. 
FjreltotfroT»en, P. I. Donation from, M. 
Fulton, Robert, Aooonnt of the Draw- 
• togs and Papon of, in possession Of 

Society,*, ji - : &-stoa 

.-■ .;:i4 ,y'.v, ■ :• , : 


Hall, D.D., Ber. John. Paper read by, 
91 ; Letter from, 145. 

Hammell, Ber. Mr., 8, 9, 153, 164 ; Dona- ' 
tion from, 161. 

Haven, C. C, 86, 64, 65, 141, 163 ; Dona- 
tions from, 87, 89, 91. 

Hares, Darid A., 87, 85*, 140, 150 ; Dona- 
tion from, 156. 

Henry, MatthewS. Letter from, relative 
to Indian names in New Jersey, 63; ap- 
plies for aid in prosecuting researches, 
60; granted conditionally, 68. 

Historical Magazine, 60; Donated by Pub- 

k Ushers. 69, 12". 148. . 

Hodge, Jr., Charles, 187. 

Hornbiower, Hon. Joseph C, 85*. 69. 89. 
91, 164. - 

"- Horse-head" Copper Coinsge, 1, 10. 

Hough, F. B., 1 ; Donations from, 16, 94J: 
Communicates Journal of Capt. Darid 
Ford, 75. 

Hundtperfund, Jacob. Donation from, 
69. - 

Huntington, Jonathan E., 94. 

Iowa Historical Society. Donation from. 
119. . ,: ■ ---,• . - - • 

Indian names' in New Jersey, 63. . " 

IrTing Washington. Letter from, 180. 

- .-.- ■ •, - ••--...-■ •/. ...:.: a 'A 

-'•», ■ . • , . • ■:■'• .' . • 

• • -T' • ■■ .- '' : ■ - . . * , ^m 

Jackson, John P., 68, 148. 

Jersey City. - Meeting at, 83*; Old Mill 

■*» '«• 
Jones, Nathaniel. Appointment of, as 

Chief-Justice in 1759, 79. 
Jordan, Jr., John. - Donation from, 17. ' 


-.-; . -.: ■• 

Georgia Historical 8ociely. Donation 
from, 119. ■ •'] : : ■■''■'• '•-.*/.- v *%'•>»■ \ v*L 

OWRH^rcheT' *• M a donation from, 

89; Letter from relative to Peter Wil- 

' «,?? ll » M »' R«Mlntions on death of, 168. 

OUlesa,J.M. Donation from, 16. -■■■■ 

Graham, CoL James D., 114; Donation 

from, 131. . :,- .T.-f***-,*;*^ 

Green, Don. Henry W., 98. • " - 

Gregory, Dudloy 8., 114. V ' 

Kidder, Frederick, 114; Donation from 

180. .. . , 
KiteheBj Dr. W. Donation from 89. : j 

Latour, L. A. H. Donation from, 69. 
Larison.G. H., 149. ,' - '.; ' 

Lambert, RR Donation from, S5. ( ': '" 
l*wreuce, Capt. James. "Presentation of 
r Unifonn,_by his widow, 151. - ;'-"' 
^17™-' Dooations'jftom; 16, 

Uwrwfee, ! J. ftf* ; Donation 'froin; lY.'' vi !;S 
Leake, Miss. Donation Iron?, 98r 
Legrange.John.' Donations from, 68. 
Letters, from O. J. Bunnell, 11 ; Israel 
Bussell, 19; Lewis A. Edwards/V ; 

w nj j ■* ..-" 


' Matthew 8. Henry, 52; A. Gifford, 98; 
Washington Irving, 120: Ber. John 
Hall, D.D., 146; Hon. G. 0. Verplaack, 

Leup, Charles M., 187. "> • 

Library Resolutions respecting use of, 86, 
86*.'. ■•'- I ;•>. -■ •••- >■■■ ■ 

Library at Morristown, First, 18. 
Loring, James S. Donation from, 16. 

TXDXX. , ^ 191 

Historical Society. Donation 

from, 96. 

Boundary Disputes with New 

-Jersey, 106, 167. 
Nicholas, Beese. Donations from, 69. 
Donation from, 158. 
Donations from, 67, 94, 

Maclean, President John, 68, 64, 168. 
Maine Historical Society. Donation from, 

95. ." : : '• ■ ■ 

Massachusetts Historical Society. Dona- 
tions from. 146, 156. ,'! 
Maryland Historical Society. Donations 

from, 119. •- ■; ■'-. :•■ J • -) '■■■■ - 
Matthews, Aaron.' Donation from, 141. 
Maury, M. F. Donation from, 87*. .; 
McDonald, Wm. K., 93, 61. 
Mechanics' Ins. Co., Newark. Donation 

from, 88*. 
Merchant, Silas, 160. • 
Meetings. At- Trenton,- J, 49, 89,137; 

Newark, 83, 69, 114, 14r9 ; Jersey City, 

Medical Society. First established in N. 

J., 143. 
Members elected, May, '66, 40 ;' 'Sept. '66, 

89*; May, '67, 69; Jan '68, 96; May, 

'68, 117 ; Jan. '59, 143 ; May, '69, 156. 
Moffat, Professor J. Paper read by, 65 
Mollison, Archibald C. Donation from, 
' '88*. - .. -V 

Morris, a 8., 62,160. 
Morristown. First Academy, Library, 

and Printing Press at, 18; Aqueduct 

Association, 89. , .> .• . I - - 

Murray, D.D., Ber. Nicholas, 60, 69, 68, 

91,160, 163, 163; Paper read b y, 87 ; 

appointed to obtain Ber. Mr. Webster's 

Sapers,-84*; Report from, respecting 
iem, 62. . ' ■ .-. 

■ ■:.■''■ .-N •■ , . 

Naar, Judge. 8. ; • • - , 

Newark. Meetings at, 83,59,114; Re- 
cords of, 84, 86*, 116, 160; Donation 
from City of. 166. 

New Hampshire. Donation from State 
of, 66. .-- - ■ ;. ... :', %i«V.#j '.<. . 

New Jersey. Donations from State of, 
88, 66, 68,119: Indian names in, 69; 
Tammany Sodetr of in 1779, 64; offi- 
cers Of in Revolution, 65; officers of 
on Whiskey "Insurrection Expedition, 
-88; Female suffrage in, 101 j Boundary 

' disputes with New York, 106, 157. 

New York. Regents of TJnirersity of, 
Donations from, 15, 88*, 68, 96, 119, 

146, »'.-:'■ 

— Mercantile Library Association, 

Donation from, 87*. • 

Nicholas, D. A. 
Norton, A. B. 
119, • 

Ohio. Donation from State of, 146. 
O'Callaghan, E. B. SUtemenU of, rela- 
tive to Gor. Franklin corrected, 69. '■ 
Officers elected, 1866,7; 1857, 64; 1858, 
v*>: 1859,140.- • 

Palmer, A. H. Donation from, 69. 

Parker, Hon. James, 83, 83, 88*, 187, 168. 

. 164; Donations from, 88*. 119, 149 ; Pa- 
per iurnlahed by, 99, 106. 

Parker, Joel, 160, 151, 153. 

Parmelle, Mrs. H. Donation from, 49. 

Parry, Wm. Donation from. 89. 

Pearson, Dr. Charles D., 137. 

Pennington, Hon. A. C. M. Donations 
from, 15, 94,120, 147. 

Pennsylvania Historical Society. Dona- 
tions from, 89. 87*, 119. 

Perry, Neb emiah, 7. 

Philadelphia Library Co. Donation from, 
M. •■ -■:<■•■ • 

Pierson, John B. Donation from, 87. 

Pingrr, Ber. J. F.,149. 

Printing'Press at Morristown, 18, 

Pruyn, John Y- ** Donation from, 94. " 

Bahway. History of the Church at-by 
• Ber. Mr. Shedden, announced, 63. 

Reports. Of Corresponding Secretary,' 
L'83,88',49, 69,89, 114, 187. 149. 

— Of Executive Committee, I, 83, 85*, 
; 60,89, 188. 

— Of Librarian, 8, 88, 84*, 89*, 49, 60, 

—-Of Treasurer, 6, 14, 88, 84*, 89*, 49, 

-» Of Committee on Publications, 6, 84, 
! 85*, 60, 90, 114, 189, 149. • ^ ' 

^Of Committee on Fire-Proof Building, 

6,85,64,116,140,164. ■ 

— Of Committee on Purchases, 62, 115. 
Resolutions. To hare Library open for 

1 conrersation, Ac, 85: authorising ex- 
1 rfiange of Jot, *e.,' 85, 69 1 respecting 

use of Library, 89, 85* : relativs to pa- 
ipers of Ber. Mr. Webster, 84* ; Tor 
'more prompt collection of dues, 66 j 

for pubUcallons, ' VoL V, 61 1 raspset- 
ling public records. 61; ■ilft e jj l ttg Wg 
' phcation for portraits of Qorernors, *o., 


.'at . Lxfrzx: 

192 iWDtx. 

• ;i 6'i; sppro'priatlng $30 tc Mr. Henry, 

. «9; respecting low state of treasury, 

93 : to obtain fire-proof room, 116, 150; 

SUtive to engraved portrait ,5f Got. 
orris, 116; authorising * memorial 
to Congress /or. land,! 4I|. authorising 
Treasurer to invest Buildingfund, 141 ; 
on death ofHon.'->W. A. I)uer,-143; 
relative to fire-proof bulling, 150 ; for 
raiting funds to print town record*, 
160; thanha for donation of Capi Law- 
rence's uniform, 153; on death of Mr. 
- Oiflord, 153 j on death of Bishop Doane 

. andRev.-Dr. Carnahan, 184. ' ; .^ ; 

Rhode Island Historical Society. Dona- 
tion from, IS ; Donation from State of, 

Robeaon, Wm. P., 1, 7, 9, 49; W. ' . . . 

Rodgers, Rev. K„ 84* ; proposes amend- 
. ment to By-laws, 63 ; Donations from, 
63,161. .• - -.f .'.< W ■■ . 

Russell, Israel, 1 : Letter from, 12; Dona- 

. tion* from, 89, 67, 89. . V 

Rntherfurd, Walter, 86, 153; Donations 
from, 85, 89*. , < i'; .v . ■, i ,s ."-.' 

-, ■;■. ■ Q . &&.:.*, '.:-■- .^' ; '■: 

■ ..8 /:'. . 
■■ -■" "i ' • - i ' •' f j -"*■ .- S •'■ 

Salem County. Proposals of Col. Maw- 
hood to Militia of, In 1778, 99; Answer 
Of CoL Hand. 100. 

Schuyler Family. Journal of Isaac 
Bangs in 1770, describing a visit to, 

191. .-. : .•:./ .-:*j£,i 

Sherman, Rev. Henry B.. 88, 143; . 
Sibley, J. B. ,- Donation from, 16. 

I. Langdon. . Donations from. 67. 

69, 94. _ ;r .,. — 

Smith, Mrs. Julia M. Donations from, 
■ 89.'- '. :-0 t^J I''-:--."-"': -: -\\: 
Smith, Buckingham. Donation from, 148 
Smith, Dr. L. L, 65, 63. , ; -i 
Smith, SamneL' Extracts from Mann 

scripts of, 40\196. & ,. 
Smithsonian Institution. Donations from, 

Rquier, Daniel. Donation from, 67. 
Btaflbrd, Mra. Abigail. 141. i;i s . 
Stafford, Miss Sarah Smith, 114. 
8 taten Island. Article respecting, from 
* Haarark Dally Advertiser; 109. , v. I 
SUtea, Richard W<; Donation from, 120. 
Stuart, J. W. Donation from, 88*. i I 

-:■ ,-.]l : ;■•■.-.''.,:■;-: ..,■ ;■ '• . : : ','< Ut- 

Thompson, Alex. B. Letter from, rcla- 
I tire to Tammany Society Certificate, 64; 
■ends list of New Jersey Revolutionary 
officers, 66i Donation, from; 148, ! ,n. 

Treasurer authorized to invest funds, 141: 

Trenton. Meetings at, 1, 49, 89, 187 j Pa- 
per by Dr. Hall on establishing seat of 

' General Go vera men t, 9L > 

TutUe, Rer. Joseph F. Paper read by, 9, 
88 ; Donations from, 165, 166. 




Tammany Society; 1779. - Certificate of 

Membership, 64. >•;-*.- si •*,* 
Taylor, James, 63. ryfcvw£ V; g^ 
Taylori D.DJ Rer. B. 0., W j Paper read 
•%^6«1 Donations' from, 88*, U.' * ■ 
Thomsoo, Hon. J. R. Donation from, 15. 

•>'>J» t MB.Stv , J;}v>; v )r«,v;; f . (;-.-; i. •. . , 

Onion College. Donation from, 57. . 

United States.'- Donations from Depart* 
ment of Bute, 15, 89; 87*. 56, 147; 
from Patent Office, 15, 69, 84; from 
Coast Survey, 15, 95; from Commis- 
sioner of Indian Affairs, 88 ; from Sur- 
geon General, 89. .^- . 

- - . V." ■<'.. i.-—-- -I..- . 

Van Rensselaer, Rer. C., 84*; Donation 

from, 16. ' -:. 

Van Schalok, H. C, 149 ; Donation from, 

156. '•••■- •' : 

Verplanck, Hon. G. CV, 187, 145. 
Viele. Egbert L. Paper read by, 63. . 
Vreelana. Hartman. Donation from, 143. 
' -^ . ■ ' .v-.. « ;•'■..' 

W ' • - : -,-,■ ':■ 
■'.•'■ '''- 1 ' . 

Washington's Entrance into Trenton-. 
Print of, 91. ....... . ' ■ 

Wall, James W. Donation from, 88. J 

Webster. Rev, Richard. ; Death announc- 
ed, 33*; Papers to be obtained, 84*. ' 

Webber, Mrs. Sarah, 141. • , ., 

Whiskey Insurrection in 1794. Captain 
David Ford's Journal, T6;, Neir Jersey 
officers Inj 88; ',••'.'' -■;:•'■ : '• '*■ ■> 

Whitehead, W. A.} 8, 85, 86/86*, 65, 61, 
69, 91, 99, 141. 150, 153; Donations 
from, 88, 88*, 94,147; corrects state- 
ments relative to Gov. Franklin, 69; 
Papers read by, 68, W^l/flSL 101, 154; 
Statement relative to Portrait of Gov. 
Morris, 116: Paper on Northern Bound- 
ary Line, 167. •" "■■-; ■' ■''• l 

Wisconsin Historical Society. • Donations 
from, 15; 68, 119, 148; Propositions 
from, relative to donation of land by V. 
R, 187.141.' >'":': r^**?** 4 -..? 


Wright, Hon. Wm. ■ Dotjafioni from; 15, 

Tonng, ; j;d ^b^'W^:, : 3£- 


_- - . — *